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as i see it 

A Crusade for Christ in 1980 

Let's have a great, challenging, Christian 
crusade for Christ in 1980! To accomplish such a 
crusade, every Brethren church will have an 
increase in membership rather than a loss. 

We have had a loss for some 25 years or more 
due to roll revision. Let's make 1980 a different 
year! Instead of removing names, let's be a New 
Testament church by adding daily suc^h as should 
be saved. Nowhere does it say that they were in 
the subtraction business. They always added. Let's 
try it for one year and see what happens. 

Secondly, this challenge also calls for an increase 
in attendance in Sunday school, church services, 
and Holy Communion. A gain in membership will 
help. An effort to have every Sunday school mem- 
ber stay for worship and every worship attender 

Rev. King is a retired Brethren pastor. He now 
lives in New Paris, Ind. 

by Rev. Lester V. King 

come in time for Sunday school will also help. 
Also a great crusade to challenge the inactive to 
attend will increase attendance. 

We also need to challenge every Brethren mem- 
ber to attend the Communion service. In some 
churches, only half of the members attend. In 
some of the larger churches, only a third. We cer- 
tainly need to make a very strong effort to have 
our members become true Brethren. Our Com- 
munion service is what made us distinctly 
Brethren in the early days. Let's be Brethren 
again in 1980, 

If we have a gain in membership and attend- 
ance, we need not worry about finances. The 
money will come in if the people come in. That 
will mean a larger work on the home field and 
an increase in district and national Brethren work. 

Will you be one of the church to join in this 
challenging. Christian crusade in 1980? 

Application forms and a job description are now available for the 
position of ^ , 

Director of Pastoral Ministries 

This nev^ position was established by General Conference in August of 
1979. The Director of Pastoral Ministries will be an employee of General 
Conference through its Executive Committee. 

Purpose of fhe Director 

1. To establish and coordinate a cooperative and supportive network of 
pastoral care for the professional leadership in the Brethren Church. 

2. To serve as a resource person for pastors. 


1. A member of the Brethren Church who understands its heritage and 

2. Trained and experienced in personal ministry, counseling, management, 
and organization. 

High integrity and confidentiality. 
Proven ability to relate well to people. 

Application forms and a job description may be obtained 
by writing to: 

Brethren Church National Offices 
Re: Director of Pastoral Ministries 
524 College Ave. 
Ashland, OH 44805 



The Brethren Evangelist 

^^■^ The Brethren ^ • j 


In its 102nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 

Editor : 

Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75<* 
Change of address: Plaase notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


The grandeur of majestic 
mountain peaks can be a re- 
minder to us that God has some 
spiritual mountaintops for us 
in the new year. See article on 
page 4. 
Photograph by Harold M. Lambert 

Vol. 102. No. 1 January 1980 

4 Mountaintops for the New Year 

Donald Rowser invites us to strengthen our faith by looking 
at the grand securities before us in 1980. 

6 The Ashland College Choir 

Susan White surveys the ministry of the Ashland College Choir 
and points out its links to the Brethren Church. 

Focusing on the Word 
8 Grace and Peace — 

to the Faithful in Christ Jesus 

An introduction to a study of Paul's Letter to the Ephesians, 
by Richard Winfield 

Ashland Theological Seminary 
10 Diary of a Seminary Student 

High points in the life of an Ashland Theological Seminary 

Where Does the Money Come From? 

A student at Ashland Theological Seminary asks the dean how 
the seminary is financed. 




Questions and Answers 

on Refugee Resettlement 

Phil Lersch presents information to help us answer the ques- 
tion, "Should we sponsor a refugee family?" 

An Expression of Appreciation 

Smith F. Rose says "Thank you" for the opportunity he has 
had to serve as Executive Secretary of the Brethren Church. 

2 As I See If 
The Salt Shaker 
People Are Asking . . . 



As we begin a new year, two new features are being added to the 
pages of the Brethren Evangelist. The first of these is entitled 
"Focusing on the Word." In this series of articles, Brethren writers 
will explore the meaning and application of passages from the Bible. 
The initial offering in this new series will be a study of Paul's letter 
to the Ephesians. This study of Ephesians, which begins on pages 8 
and 9 with an introduction to the letter, will continue throughout 

The second new feature is entitled "People Are Asking. ..." In 
this column. Dr. Win Arn, a noted church growth authority and presi- 
dent of the Institute for American Church Growth, answers questions 
people are asking about church growth. See page 23 for the initial 
article of this new series. 

January 1980 


- '' 



.wt N jni^e^ 

\ ,' * »* ** + * * * ^ ' ''^ * V** **3^^ **♦* ^*"^*'* s"* 1:^ **«« 

New Year 

Article and photographs by Rev. Donald Rowser. 

''. . . on the first day of the month, were 
the tops of the mountains seen.'' 

Genesis 8:5 

WHAT will the new year bring? Will it 
bring joy or sorrow, achievement or 
frustration, health or sickness, good or evil. 
We cannot say. We cannot see what dark 
valleys, green plains, or surprise mountains 
the unfolding months will bring us. 

Yet, if we are truly Christ's, we are not 
in total ignorance. Certain grand securities 
stand out in full view. Therefore, as we 
enter 1980, let us strengthen our faith by 
taking a look at these "Mountaintops for 
the New Year." 

First of all there are those reassuring 
mountaintops of the divine promises. God's 
Word is full of promises. Peter says, 
'* Whereby are given unto us exceeding 
great and precious promises . . ." (II Pet. 

We humans are so prone to think of the 
problems of life. But the promises far out- 
weigh the problems. Therefore, throughout 
the new year let us think on some of these 

Let us begin by remembering God's 
pledge of His presence. Jesus said, *'. . . lo, 
I am with you alway, even unto the end 
of the world." Jesus will be with us 
throughout 1980. What a reassuring 
promise ! 

Then, let us remember God's pledge of 
divine protection. This pledge is stated in 

Rev. Rowser is pastor of the New Lebanon, 
Ohio, Brethren Church. 

Hebrews 13:5, where God assures us, '1 
will never leave thee, nor forsake thee." 

And let us not forget God's pledge of His 
divine provision. Paul reminds us of this 
pledge in Philippians 4:19, where he says, 
**But my God shall supply all your need 
according to his riches in glory by Christ 

These divine promises remind me of the 
numberless, glorious, sunbathed peaks of 
the Grand Canyon. Let us claim these prom- 
ises for our very own in the New Year. 

Secondly, there are the mountaintops of 
spiritual possibilities. In John 1:12 we read, 
**But as many as received him, to them gave 
he power to become the sons of God, even 
to them that believe on his name." We have 
power to become! We are — we shall be! 

Just what are the spiritual possibilities 
for us in the new year? Perhaps they could 
be summed up in the word growth. It is the 
great privilege of every Christian to grow. 
Growing trees produce fruit. Growing Chris- 
tians produce spiritual fruit. If we are going 
to produce spiritual fruit in the new year, 
we must be growing. 

As we enter the new year, let us ask 
ourselves, *ls there anything in my life 
that is hindering me from growing?" If 
there is, perhaps we should give it up! 
When we come to the end of another year, 
let us not say, '*If only I had done this, 
things might have been different." Rather 
let us say with the Apostle Paul, **I can 
do all things through Christ which 
strengtheneth me" (Phil. 4:13). 

The year of 1980 will provide us many 

The Brethren Evangelist 

possibilities for spiritual growth. The 
Grand Teton mountains of Montana can 
remind us of these spiritual possibilities as 
their snow-white peaks seem to grow right 
up to heaven. 

Then there are the mountaintops of 
Christian privileges. We Christians have 
many privileges which we often overlook. 
Consider the privilege of fellowship with the 
Father and with His Son. John said it this 
way: **. . . and truly our fellowship is with 
the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ" 
(I John 1:3). 

Are we so busy with mundane matters 
in the church that we forget this mountain- 
top privilege of fellowship? We enjoy fel- 
lowship with one another in our church 
groups, but what about the vertical fellow- 
ship? What about the heavenly joy, peace, 
guidance, and much more given to us by 
the Holy Spirit. 

These solid-rock privileges remind me 
of Half Dome Mountain in Yosemite Na- 
tional Park. This peak constantly faces the 
weather and the ravages of time, but it 
continues to stand. Let us likewise stand 
firm on the Christian privileges that are 


Then we cannot forget the mountain- 
tops of challenging opportunities. How 

these shine already in the new year! As 
they glisten in the sun before us, they re- 
mind us to forget the failures of the past, 
except to learn from them. They also en- 
courage us to trust Christ more and self 
less. St. Paul says, ''. . . forgetting those 
things which are behind, and reaching 
forth unto those things which are before, 
I press toward the mark for the prize of 
the high calling of God in Christ Jesus" 
(Phil. 3:13-14). 

This mountaintop reminds us that the 
opportunities for Christian service may be 
greater in 1980 than ever before. And our 

current world situation challenges us to 
witness for Christ more faithfully than we 
have ever done before. 

Mt. Rainier as viewed from near Kent, 
Washington, is a beautiful snow-covered 
peak that rises far above the horizon. What 
a challenge it would be to climb that moun- 
tain and reach that snow-covered top. It 
reminds us of the challenging opportunities 
God has for us in 1980. 

Finally, there is the glory-capped peak, 
the hope of our Lord's return. This moun- 
taintop continually towers above us in all 
its beauty — a constant reminder that we 
must all be ready when Christ returns. The 
darker the times, the more radiantly this 
peak shines. It fills all the unknown tomor- 
rows with its guarantee of complete blessed- 
ness when Christ returns. Our Lord's 
declaration, "I will come again . . . ," fills 
us with hope. As His children, in spite of 
the darkness of this day, our future is 
secure with Him. 

This glory-capped peak reminds me of 
Bear Tooth Pass in the Rocky Mountains, 
which we crossed near the end of the day. 
The pass has an elevation of 12,000 feet. As 
we drove upward, it seemed that we were 
driving right up through the clouds into 
glory. High up on the mountain an arrow 
pointed to Bear Tooth Pass. A spur along 
the peak looked like a bear tooth, and thus 
its name. As we gazed at the peak with the 
sun going down behind it, we thought of our 
Lord's glorious return. He may come in 
this new year. We all want to be ready! 

As we launch out into the new year, let 
us lift our eyes and look at the mountain- 
tops that are before us. Let us be inspired 
by the mountaintops of the divine prom- 
ises, of spiritual possibilities, of Christian 
privileges, of challenging opportunities, and 
most of all, by the glory-capped peak of 
the hope of our Lord's return. □ 




.>/■;//?<? Grand Canyon remina 
us oj the himdrcds of glormks 
profuises God has ?nade\us ""' 
, /// Mis W^^i.''^; 

January 1980 

The Ashland College Choir 

BEAUTIFUL people making beautiful 
music." That definitely describes the 
Ashland College Choir. Over the years the 
choir has provided a vital link between the 
college and the Brethren Church through 
its ministry in song. 

Involvement in music goes deep into the 
roots of Ashland College. In the early days, 
it was not uncommon to find students sing- 
ing anytime they gathered informally. Vari- 
ous musical groups and glee clubs formed 
from time to time, providing opportunities 
for students to exercise their musical 

In the early 40s the Acappella Choir was 
formed. Under the direction of the late 
instructor of music. Dr. L. E. Pete, it pro- 
vided a musical ministry of the college to 
churches throughout the denomination dur- 
ing its annual spring tour. 

A few years later a young man came to 
the campus who was to play a major role 
in AC music. That man, Calvin Rogers, 
joined the college faculty in 1947. Rogers 
had been graduated from the Oberlin 
Conservatory of Music in 1943 and was 
completing his master of music degree there 
while also serving as a special instructor 
at Ashland College. He was made the chair- 
man of the AC music department in 1948. 

Susan White is the administrative assistant to 
the director of communications of Ashland College. 

by Susan White 

One of Rogers' initial duties at Ashland 
was to lead the Chapel Choir. This group 
was responsible, as the name suggests, for 
setting a mood of worship and praise for 
the college's daily chapel services. In 1954 
the Acappella Choir was discontinued and 
the Chapel Choir assumed its schedule of 
spring tours to the churches within the 
Brethren denomination. In 1958, the name 
of the group was officially changed to the 
"Ashland College Choir." 

Each spring, while the rest of the campus 
takes a break, the choir sets out on its 
annual tour. One of the important purposes 
of the trip is for the choir to act as * 'Am- 
bassadors in Song" for Ashland College. 
The choir members are aware that they not 
only represent AC, but youth in general, 
and they do their best to live up to that. 

''Over the years, the student members 
of the choir have grown marvelously in 
their trustworthiness and dedication to the 
college and the choir organization," com- 
mented Rogers. "We no longer have to be 
concerned about members giving us prob- 
lems on tour. They have established an 
image and they strive hard to maintain it." 

Although these trips are primarily within 
the U.S., every three years the choir goes 
to Europe. The choir set their sights for 
a European tour in the late 60s and with 
high hopes began to plan in that direction. 
So in 1969, a very happy group of young 

The Brethren Evangelist 

people, filled with anticipation, prepared to 
sing their way into the hearts of Europe. 

During the planning of that first trip, 
the choir was uncertain of the response it 
would receive from its European audiences. 
Once it reached Europe and began to per- 
form, however, the choir's fears were quick- 
ly dispelled as the people of Europe showed 
great acceptance and appreciation of both 
the choir and its music. 

*'I think in Europe, as elsewhere, people 
realized that these were plain, ordinary stu- 
dents, not prima-donnas," reflected Rogers. 
''The choir has a way of capturing an audi- 
ence. I guess part of their appeal could be 
called a sort of 'trained innocence.' Al- 
though our students are capable, they just 
can't be expected to compete in quality with 
graduate students, majoring in voice at 
some large state institution. But they can 
communicate in a very special way through 
their music — and they do!" 

Since that first exciting tour, the choir 
has returned to Europe three more times, in 
1972, '75 and '78. The choir gained quite a 
following in some of Europe's major cities 
and churches as word spread about the 
excellence of its performances. European 
coverage of the choir included reviews such 
as the one in the 1973 Geneva "Le 
Courrier." In commenting on the choir's 
"exceedingly good performance" of Mo- 
zart's Coronation Mass, the review said, 
"The atmosphere and acoustics of the 
Temple du Madellaine suited the American 
Choir very well. . . . One feels that Mozart 
would have been overjoyed. ... It was ren- 
dered with all the grace and faith which 
youth can offer." The choir's next trip to 
Europe is scheduled for the spring of 1981. 

"Over the years the choir has 
provided a vital link between the 
college and the Brethren Church 
through its ministry in song." 

The audiences in Europe are not the only 
ones which the choir has "captured." One 
of the most notable experiences occurred 
during a performance given at an urban 
high school some years ago. The high 
schoolers entered the auditorium noisily 
and remained unruly long after they were 
seated, but this did not deter the choir from 

"We have a format that we follow in our 
high school concerts. Our first song, 'Nellie 
Bly,' is a real attention-getter. It's enthusi- 
astic and has a way of involving the audi- 
ence in the music," Rogers explained. "Dur- 
ing this song I think the high school kids 

"J' ' 



Photo by Fred Burkey 
Calvin Rogers has directed the Ashland College 
Choir since 194? . He is well-known to many people 
in the Brethren Church. 

at least realized we were there. Right after 
'Nellie Bly' we go to the most sacred, quiet 
song in our repertoire. The choir is trained 
to keep their total attention on the director 
and the music, singing their best, regardless 
of the behavior of the audience." 

During the choir's second song the stu- 
dents began to quiet down. By the end of 
the concert they were a "model audience" 
according to Rogers. 

In addition to its visits to various 
Brethren congregations during its tours, 
the choir has another link with the Brethren 
Church. Over the years many Brethren 
young people have been members of the 
choir. This has included a number of people 
who are now pastors, pastors' wives, or 
denominational leaders. 

Brethren involvement continues with 
eleven Brethren students participating in 
the singing ministry of this year's choir. 
They are Charles Bowers, Mark Britton, 
Deanne Lynch, Scot Millhouse, Deborah 
Munson, Margaret Ronk, Timothy Rowsey, 
William Shafer, Jill Slabaugh, Mark Slick, 
and Kerry Scott. 

Ashland College is justly proud of its fine 
choir. The Brethren Church has shared 
the blessings of the Ashland College Choir 
through its many concerts in Brethren con- 
gregations. It can also share the college's 
pride in the choir, because of the many 
Brethren young people past and present 
who have participated in its ministry. D 

January 1980 


Focusing on the Word 

Grace and Peace -- 

to the Faithful in Christ Jesus 

An introduction to a study of Paul's Letter to the Ephesians, _ 
by Evangelist editor Richard Winfield. 

This is the first in a series of articles by various 
writers on Paul's Letter to the Ephesians. 

WHEN I receive a letter, the first thing 
I want to know is who sent it. If 
there's no return address to tell me, I tear 
open the envelope, search for the end of 
the letter, and look to see who signed it. 

I sometimes think that the end of a letter 
is a strange place for the name of the send- 
er. Who wants to read a whole letter before 
knowing who wrote it? 

In writing the Ephesian letter, Paul left 
his readers no doubt who wrote it. He be- 
gan with his own name. Only after naming 
himself does he go on to address the 
recipients and greet them. In doing this 
Paul was not establishing a style of his 
own. He was only following the usual style 
for letters in the Greek-speaking world of 
his day. 

Paul not only gives his name, but he 
further identifies himself: *Taul, an apostle 
of Jesus Christ by the will of God. . . ." If 
the readers of this letter knew more than 
one Paul, this left little doubt about which 
one of them had written this letter. 

Actually, though, Paul had a more im- 
portant reason for identifying himself in 
this way. He was establishing his authority. 

Paul is going to lay some heavy truths 
and some high expectations on his readers 
in this letter. Therefore it is important that 
he establish his authority for writing these 

So he identifies himself as an ''apostle of 
Jesus Christ." He had been chosen to be 
a representative of Christ, Christ's spokes- 
man. He was in this position not of his own 
will nor by the will of others, but ''by the 
will of God." 

We have seen, then, that Paul begins his 
letter by giving his name and by establish- 
ing his authority for writing. But where 

did he write this letter, and when ? It would 
be nice if this letter had a return address. 
Unfortunately it doesn't. Nor is it dated. 

From the contents of the letter and from 
what we know of the life of Paul, however, 
we can be fairly certain where and when 
he wrote it. It is clear from Ephesians 3:1 
and 4:1 that Paul was a prisoner. A care- 
ful study of his life indicates that this was 
his first Roman imprisonment, the one 
described in Acts 28. According to Acts 
28:30, though a prisoner, Paul was not in 
prison. He was in his ov/n hired house. 
Nevertheless, he was probably chained to 
a Roman guard (cf. Eph. 6:20 RSV, "I am 
an ambassador in chains"). The year was 
probably A.D. 60 or 61. 

Though a prisoner of the Roman Empire, 
Paul was still free to receive visitors and 
to write letters. So he dictated this letter. 
One of his Christian friends wrote it down 
for him, while the Roman guard watched 

As we have seen, Paul begins this letter 
by identifying himself and by establishing 
his authority for writing. He then identifies 
his readers. Or does he? 

The second half of Ephesians 1:1 says, 
according to the King James Version: "to 
the saints which are at Ephesus. . . ." But 
some translations omit these words, and 
other translations which include them add 
a footnote stating that some ancient man- 
uscripts do not contain the words "at 

The absence of these words in some 
manuscripts makes us wonder whether this 
letter was actually written to the Ephesian 
Christians. There is something else that 
makes us wonder. Paul spent about three 
years at Ephesus on his third missionary 
journey. During that time he undoubtedly 
made many friends and had many memor- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

As Paul 
dictates his 
letter, one of 
his Christian 
friends writes 
it down, while 
a Roman guard 
watches on. 

Drawings by Howard Mack 

able experiences. But in this letter he 
mentions none of these friends and refers 
to none of these experiences. This was 
unusual for Paul, as his other letters show. 

Does this mean that the letter was not 
written to the Ephesians? If such is the 
case, how do we explain the fact that many 
of the ancient manuscripts do include the 
words "at Ephesus"? 

Some students of the Bible offer a solu- 
tion. They suggest that this was a letter 
with multiple destinations, a circular letter. 
A copy was sent to Ephesus, but copies 
were also sent to other churches in Asia. 

Since copies of this letter were going to 
a number of different churches, Paul could 
not make personal references to people and 
events at Ephesus. On the other hand, since 
one copy did in fact go to Ephesus, it is 
not surprising that that copy should have 
"at Ephesus" on it. It was this copy which 
was the source of the manuscripts which 
include these words. 

In light of the above, the important part 
of Paul's identification of his readers is 
not, "which are at Ephesus." Rather it is 
the rest of the statement: "to the saints . . . 
to the faithful in Christ Jesus." 

Paul was writing not just to God's people 
("saints") at Ephesus. He was writing to 
Christians in a number of different places. 
The great truths he presents in this letter 
are not just for Christians at Ephesus, but 
for faithful saints in Christ Jesus every- 
where. They are for us as well. 

If this is the case, what does the Apostle 
have to say to the "faithful in Christ Jesus." 

He begins with a greeting (v. 2). It is 
not the kind of greeting we might use in a 
letter: "How are you?" or "I hope this letter 
finds you well," or some other nicety. 

Rather Paul begins with a profound 
blessing: "Grace be to you, and peace. . . ." 
That this was not intended as some super- 
ficial greeting is shown by the addition of 
the words, "from God our Father, and from 
the Lord Jesus Christ." 

Grace and peace are basic to Christianity. 
Later in this letter Paul will remind his 
readers, "For by grace are ye saved through 
faith . . ." (2:8). Grace is God's unmerited 
favor, freely shown to us in the gift of His 
Son. By accepting His Son, we receive this 

By means of this grace, we are reconciled 
to God. Therefore we are at peace with Him. 
Paul states this in Romans 5:1: "Therefore 
being justified by faith, we have peace with 
God through our Lord Jesus Christ." 

As Christians, Paul's readers had already 
received grace. And they were at peace 
with God. But God has much more to offer. 

Saving grace is only the beginning. God 
continues to shower His unmerited favor 
upon us. In II Corinthians 9:8 Paul wrote, 
"And God is able to make all grace abound 
toward you. ..." It is this abounding grace 
that Paul desires the readers of this letter 
to experience. 

He also desires for them an additional 
experience of God's peace. He not only 
wanted them to be at peace with God. He 
wanted them to experience the deep inner 

(concluded on page 16) 

January 1980 

Diary of a Seminarv Student 

The folloiving diary traces the life of a 
seminary student from his decision during 
college to attend seminary, through his 
three years of study for a master of divinity 
degree, and on into ministry. The diary it- 
self is not real, hut the story it presents is 
familiar to many who have been students 
at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Heading for Seminary 

October 20 — I'm planning to go on to 
seminary after I finish college. The idea 
seemed crazy at first (I've been studying 
to be a teacher), but now it seems the 
natural thing to do. Dad and Mom have 
always encouraged me to consider some 
form of Christian service, and I know 
they've been praying for me. 

I guess every time I sat in church listen- 
ing to the pastor, studied in a class with a 
Sunday school teacher, or even just watched 
someone involved in ministry, I felt that 
this was what I wanted to be doing, too. 
I'm not sure exactly what God wants me 
to do — maybe be a pastor or a missionary 
— but I'll soon find out. 

March 4 — Career Day at ATS. I'm so 

glad that my pastor took time to personally 
go with me to the seminary. Prospective 
students came from colleges all over to 
visit Ashland, meet the people there, and 
get a better idea what seminary is all about. 
It was great! 

While I was sitting in on a theology class, 
I learned how important a good background 
in all areas of studies is going to be. They 
were talking about things from history, 
philosophy, literature, and psychology, as 
well as about things from the Bible. I feel 
that my college education is just a founda- 
tion to prepare me to study at the seminary. 

April 20 — I had some doubts recently 
about going to seminary because of my 
financial situation. Here I am with college 
expenses still to pay, and now I'm going 
on for more education and the expenses it 
entails. It didn't seem too practical. 

I was about ready to forget the whole 
thing, when I received the seminary's infor- 
mation on financial aids. Because of the 
generous giving of churches and Christian 
friends, scholarship money is available. I 
am eligible for a student loan, as well. Then, 


The Brethren Evangelist 

'Tm so grateful to God for providing a place like 
Ashland Theological Seminary where I could study, 
grow, and prepare for ministry/' 

to top it all off, a part-time job as a secur- 
ity man is waiting for me if I want it. So 
much for financial worries! 

Year One: 
The Beginning 

August 25 — Moving day! After apart- 
ment hunting, packing and carrying lots 
of boxes, I'm finally here and settled into 
home sweet home for the next three years. 

September 10 — My college didn't offer 
courses in biblical Greek. Even if it had, 
I probably wouldn't have taken them. So, 
since Greek is a requirement here, I have 
to start out with the special Greek session 
offered during September to give me enough 
background to study it during the regular 
quarter. I know that learning Greek will be 
a lot of work, but I'm excited about it. 
Being able to read the New Testament in 
its original language will greatly increase 
my understanding of Scripture. 

October 8 — What a week! Orientation 
for new students was on Monday and Tues- 
day, the first day of classes was on 
Wednesday (with assignments already), 
and the all-seminary retreat was held at 
Camp Bethany on Thursday and Friday. 
It's been great though. Everybody is like 
part of a big family here. 

ife. '" %i "jM 

'^r 'S^ "S-'' 2' -^' <. 

The life of an ATS student Is filled with hooks 
and studies, and much time is spent in the 
seminary library. 

Students at ATS do not spend all their time 
studying. Retreats and activity nights give them 
an opportunity to "let off steam." 

A real high point of the retreat was the 
special ''Love Feast" on the first night. This 
was patterned after some of the meals of 
Christ and His disciples and those of the 
early Christians. What a spirit of love and 
Christian unity we experienced! 

One guy I met at the retreat is just start- 
ing seminary after being in business for 20 
years. Imagine, married and with two kids 
in junior high school, and yet he's changing 
careers and going back to school! He told 
me that when God calls, you've got to an- 
swer. I guess that's why everybody is here. 

October 20 — I just took a close look at 
all the courses I'll have to take this year — 
Old Testament I and II, New Testament I 
and II, church history I and II, three classes 
in Greek, plus electives. Wow! That's a 
bunch, but it's all great stuff. I can hardly 
wait to study it all. 

December 10 — Who says seminary is 
just for studying? I'm glad there is also 
time for interaction with other people here 
— male and female, black and white, young 
and old. It's great to study with them, but 
it's just as great to have fun with them. 
Activities like gym night, sled-riding par- 
ties, and pot luck dinners all help give a 
family feeling to the place. 

February 20 — The professors here are 
amazing. Not only are they extremely 
knowledgeable in their fields of study, but 
they are special as fellow Christians. The 
other day one of the students needed some- 
one to talk to about a problem. One of the 

January 1980 


^^_aMMI ^y||ll||j|il|irif ; [Il l wi i "i i % t ?■ s'-I , .. , * 


^47*5 professors are friends as well as teachers. 
Here Dr. Kenneth Walther (2nd from left) chats 
with three students during a seminary sponsored 
"gym night." 

professors spent most of the afternoon 
listening and helping out. And the student 
wasn't even in the prof's classes this 
quarter ! 

March 25 — It's the beginning of spring 
and the start of a new quarter. Chapel to- 
day was such a blessing, as usual, filled 
with singing and sharing. With that kind of 
a start, I know that this will be a terrific 

June 1 — Where has the year gone? My 
first year at seminary is almost finished 
and I've learned so much. I can even read 
my New Testament in Greek! 

Year Two: 
In the Midst of It All 

October 3 — Ah, back to the books. I feel 
like an old pro now. It sure is nice to be 
back in school after painting houses all 
summer. My classes this year are more 
directed to the area of ministry. I'll be tak- 
ing courses in pastoral ministry. Christian 
education, and pastoral counseling. I'll also 
be meeting with a small group of students 
every other week to discuss ministries they 
are involved in. 

November 12 — Today I was asked if I 
would be interested in a job as youth pas- 
tor at a nearby church. Would I! I can 
hardly wait to use some of this good stuff 
I'm learning. It's a little scary, though. 
But with God on my side, what can a youth 
group do to me? I'm really glad that ex- 
perience in ministry is part of the total 
schedule here, instead of limiting study to 
the classroom. 

February 9 — I'm working toward a mas- 
ter of divinity degree, but I've been con- 
sidering the other options available here. 
The seminary also offers two-year master's 
programs in counseling and religious stud- 
ies. Either of them would provide interest- 

ing opportunities for ministry, and I could 
get started a year earlier. 

Speaking of counseling, when I came here 
I didn't realize that ATS ha^ some of the 
best counseling programs available at the 
master's level. Classes and practical experi- 
ence are offered through two different 
psychiatric hospitals and a Christian coun- 
seling service. Students who get their degree 
in counseling can go on to work as chap- 
lains or counsel in a church setting. 

Marcli 18 — I've been doing more think- 
ing. When I came here I figured that I'd 
learn to be a pastor, and that was it. But 
there are so many other opportunities I 
never even dreamed of — teaching, directing 
the education program of a church, serving 
on the mission field, counseling, running a 
church camp, and so on. I could also go on 
for a doctorate, so that I could be a pro- 
fessor at a college or seminary or work in 
archaeology, biblical languages or other 
studies. . . . Dear God, You've brought me 
this far. Please don't stop directing me 

April 21 — Spring is such an encouraging 
time. Studies are going well and so is the 
youth group. It's good to be studying and 
then applying it. I can't even begin to teach 
my kids all that I'm learning — they'd prob- 
ably quit coming if I did — but I can lead 
them because I'm growing in my faith and 
in my knowledge of the Word. Even though 
there are a lot of different courses here, 
everything is centered around the Bible. 
After all, it is the set of guidelines for living 
that God has given us. 

May 29 — Busy, busy, busy. It's the end 
of the quarter, the end of the year, and 
I'm trying to get everything ready to spend 
the summer in Israel. But I'm not complain- 
ing. I'm really excited about spending a 

ATS has a number of foreign students, including 
Joe Kpsowa (left) from Sierre Leone and Henry 
Fallope from Nigeria. Through the seminary's out- 
reach to foreign students, the Brethren Church has 
gained three missionary families and two mission 


The Brethren Evangelist 

whole month in the land where so many 
of the biblical events took place. In order 
to graduate I have to write a thesis, do a 
project, or take a study trip to Israel. I'm 
glad I have these options and that I can go 
to Israel. 

June 15 — Israel . . . north, south, east, 
and west. We're seeing it all. We're living 
at the American Institute of Holy Land 
Studies in Jerusalem. Here we read, study, 
and have regular class lectures. After 
getting a good foundation on the geograph- 
ical, archaeological, and scriptural back- 
ground of an area, we take a field trip there. 
I can't believe how this has helped my study 
of the Bible! 

Year Three: 
Looking to the Future 

November 7 — A month of my last year 
of seminary has passed already. Where am 
I headed now? I'm excited and glad that 
it's all ''dow^nhill from here" and that grad- 

A number of ATS students spend a summer 
studying in Israel at the American Institute of 
Holy Land Studies in Jerusalem, shown here. 

nation is only months away. But at the 
same time, I have sort of an empty feeling 
inside. I hate to think of leaving here — 
there's been such super fellowship, support, 
and encouragement. I'll be glad when I have 
another place to get settled in. 

November 20 — This year's courses are 
great. My only required courses are in 
theology and Hebrew, so I can put togeth- 
er the schedule with whatever electives I 
want. What a decision, though! There are 
electives in ministry, Christian education, 
history, language, books of the Bible, 
theology, and more. 

December 5 — I ran across a chart show- 
ing all the different places that graduates 
from ATS are ministering. What a variety! 
Ministry within local churches 56% 
Correctional institution chaplain 5% 
Mental health institution chaplain 5% 
Directors of Christian ed./youth 13% 

Graduation is a time of mixed emotions, with 
students happy to complete the workload but a 
little sad to leave the fellowship of the seminary. 

Doctoral study 8% 

College teaching 5% 

Denominational offices 2% 

International service 4% 

Community mental health centers 1% 

Military chaplain 1% 

January 23 — I had an interview with a 

church today. And I have a couple of other 

applications on my desk to fill out. Maybe 

I should stay here at seminary for an extra 

year . . . that way I could put off these 

decisions a little while longer. 

May 17 — All of the boards of the church 
have finally met and all the voting is 
finished and the ballots counted. They have 
called me to be the pastor of the church. 
Now I have to give them my answer. Is 
this where the Lord has called me? Are 
these the people whom He has been pre- 
paring me to work with? I'm glad that I 
have also learned to pray and to trust God 
for His answer while I've been here. 

June 9 — Graduation day! It has been an 
interesting three years to say the least. 
Today I get my diploma, and in a few weeks 
I'll be settled at the church whose call I 
accepted. Once again God has shown Him- 
self faithful. I'm so grateful to Him for 
providing a place like ATS where I could 
study, grow, and prepare for ministry, n 

January 1980 



Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 

Where Does the Money Come From? 

A student at Ashland Theological Seminary asks Dean Shultz 
how the seminary is financed. 

While taking notes in class, studying in 
the library, or singing in the chapel, stu- 
dents at Ashland Theological Seminary 
sometimes wonder hotv the seminary 
''tvorks.'' Hotv large is the budget? Who 
provides the money? And how are the bills 
paid? Rather than just ivonder about these 
things, one student decided to go ''straight 
to the horse's mouth,'' so to speak, and bring 
his questions directly to Dean Shultz. 

''Dean, do you have a minute?" asked the 
student, as he popped his head into Dr. 
Shultz's office. "I have a couple of ques- 
tions for you." 

"Sure, come on in. Sit down and tell me 
what's on your mind," encouraged the Dean. 

"Well, I've been thinking about the sem- 
inary and where the money comes from to 
make it run. Do we have a budget?" the 
student asked. 

"Of course we have an operating budget," 
replied the Dean with a laugh. "This year 
the total budget is $500,000, with $300,000 
of that coming from student fees." 


"Wait a minute!" exclaimed the student. 
"Math may not be my strongest area, but 
it's not hard to figure that $200,000 is not 
covered by student fees. Where does that 
money come from? I always thought of 
schools as just a business, but this sounds 
like a real faith institution." 

"You're exactly right," the Dean respond- 
ed. "Each year we prepare the budget on 
faith. We know the approximate income 
from student fees and we know the amount 
we will receive from endowments each year. 
Right now the seminary has $125,000 in 
scholarship endowments which produces 
about $10,000 in scholarship money. This is 
tremendous because it provides an insured 
income each year to help prepare students 
for the gospel ministry. 

"Additional money comes from what are 
called 'auxiliary enterprises,' the Dean con- 
tinued, as he leaned back in his chair. This 
includes the seminary apartment buildings. 
A few years ago the W.M.S. of the church 
and other Christian people invested in the 
apartments. Now, not only do we have these 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Each year the churches are asked 
to budget $5 per member for the 
seminary. Many of the churches 
are extremely faithful about giving, 
with some even contributing more 
than their share." 

lovely living accommodations, but we have 
the income from them as v^ell. Altogether, 
then, endowments and auxiliary enterprises 
bring in about another $100,000." 

''That great!" said the student. ''But if 
my math is right, this still leaves another 
$100,000 or so to complete the budget. 
Where does that come from? I know it 
doesn't just appear out of thin air," he 
added, still curious. 

"No, the money doesn't just appear. Tho 
rest of the money for our operating expen- 
ses is provided by the Brethren Church and 
Christian friends. Each year the churches 
are asked to budget $5 per member for the 
seminary. Many of the churches are ex- 
tremely faithful about giving, with some 
even contributing more than their share. 
But quite frankly, some don't give at all," 
explained the Dean. 

"Are you kidding me? Do you mean that 
some churches are not willing to support 
the preparation of pastors, teachers, and 

missionaries? Don't they realize what im- 
portant things are going on here?!" ex- 
claimed the student, amazed at the Dean's 

"I'm afraid so," said the Dean sadly. 
"Those are the facts of life. You and I are 
here in the midst of the seminary and we 
can see the great work which is going on 
all the time. But often the churches don't 
understand that they are actually helping 
prepare people for ministry around the 
world. Let's just hope and pray that the 
churches respond to their 'fair share' of 
$5 per member. 

"They need to realize that they are not 
just 'giving' their money ; they are investing 
it," the Dean continued. "And, as with any 
good investment, their money brings re- 
turns. The seminary has provided the 
church hundreds of pastors and the major- 
ity of its missionaries. That's not all — the 
seminary is the very base where potential 
ministers are introduced into the Brethren 
Church. Over the years the seminary has 
been faithful to God and the teaching of 
His Word. It has also been faithful to the 

"So why shouldn't the church continue 
to be faithful to the seminary?" agreed the 
student. "Thank you for filling me in on 
all of this. I'm going to do my best to let 
the people in my church know what good 
work for the Lord is going on here at ATS 
and to encourage them to give their fair 
share." n 


Are you successful in what you are doing? 

Do you feel there is something more? 

The Church Needs You! 

Can you teach others? 

Can you care for persons? 

Do you feel a compelling pull to change? 


Talk it over with your pastor, or contact: 

The National Ministerial Recruitment Committee 
cy^o Charles Munson, 910 Center St. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

presented as a public service 

Januaky 1980 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

r'>: .^' 

.m'.'V'.: ^ I" 3 world that prizes bigness, it's relevant to ask, 
•''-'.• "Is bigger better?" 


SOMEONE has said that ''jumboism" has 
become our national reUgion. 

Crowds once flocked to see P. T. Bar- 
num's elephant, billed at that time as the 
largest animal in captivity. This was before 
Hollywood captured King Kong! 

Jumboism has affected the American way 
of life. Cars kept getting bigger and more 
powerful. A Cadillac became a sign of 
prestige and wealth. But the behemoths of 
the highway finally ate themselves into an 
energy crisis — not unlike the ancient, now 
extinct, dinosaur. 

The aircraft companies also got caught 
up in jumboism. Make them bigger and 
better ... so they built the jumbo jets. 

Even churches have been caught in 
jumboism. Top church-growth experts have 
discovered that 75% of the people who 
choose to worship actually do so in churches 
with memberships of less than 100. But we 
rarely hear about the steady good works of 
the rural church. Instead we see on tele- 
vision the super church with its fantastic 
program and its million-dollar budget. 

Now I'm not saying that jumboism is all 
bad, although it does have its drawbacks. 
Success often produces bigness. But the 
ironic thing is that bigness may kill your 
success. One has to know how big one can, 
or should, get. 

As immense as the universe is, it is com- 
posed of infinitesimal atoms. Scientists are 
turning from the telescope to the micro- 
scope. Perhaps we have forgotten a basic 
principle — that most big things begin in 
a small, almost inconsequential, way. 

Strange in a country like ours, noted for 
competition and opportunity, that we would 
forget the innumerable success stories. 
Someone once asked a famous orator, "How 


did you learn to speak so well?" The orator 
replied, **You begin by giving 9000 lousy 
orations until you succeed." 

It is the careful, and sometimes reverent, 
use of trivial things that makes or breaks 
many in this fast-moving world. Most suc- 
cessful people are where they are today 
because of the accumulated effects of small 
events rather than because of the big, so 
called, lucky breaks of life. 

Being big is not evil. There's nothing 
wrong with size, so long as you can do the 
job. Perhaps the major evil of bigness is 
lurking within the questions, How did you 
get that way, and why? What is your pur- 
pose in building a modern-day tower of 

A 400 pound man once said, 'Is being big 
all that bad? No one pushes me around?" 

But neither does anyone invite him to a 
party. D 

Grace and Peace 

(continued from page 9) 
peace which only God can give — ''the peace 
of God, which passeth all understanding" 
(Phil. 4:7). 

This, then, is the intent of Paul's greet- 
ing, "Grace be to you, and peace, from God 
our Father, and from the Lord Jesus 

Most of us have never received a letter 
nearly so profound as Paul's letter to the 
Ephesians. But as we have seen, this letter 
was written not just for the Christians at 
Ephesus. It was written for the "saints" 
in many places. 

As Christians, this letter is for us as well. 
We can share its message. And we can share 
Paul's profound greeting — of grace and 
peace to the faithful in Christ Jesus. □ 

The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

John F. Edwards, Jr., ordained 

New Lrebanoii, Ohio — ^Mr. John 
F. Edwards, Jr., was ordained 
into the ministry of the Breth- 
ren Church on Sunday after- 
noon, November 25. The ordina- 
tion service was held at the 
New Lebanon, Ohio, Brethren 

John was born May 16, 1948, 
the son of the late Mr. and Mrs. 
John F. Edwards, Sr. He 
attended the Johnsville-New 
Lebanon schools for his entire 
twelve years, graduating in 1S66. 
He has been a member of the 
New Lebanon Brethren Church 
since November 24, 1957. 

Following high school, John 
attended Ohio State University, 
from which he received a bach- 
elor of arts degree in history in 
1971. After a period of intro- 
spection concerning his call to 
ministry, he entered Ashland 
Theological Seminary in the fall 
of 1974. At the seminary he 
completed his work toward a 
master of divinity degree. 

Rev. Edwards is now youth 
minister at the Burlington, Ind., 
Brethren Church. He has served 

»■{!« ■*' 




:^"^r. -f: 

Rev. John F. Edwards, Jr. 

in this position since April of 

Bringing the message in the 
ordination service for Mr. Ed- 
wards was Dr. Jerry Flora, 
Associate Professor of Christian 
Theology at Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary. Rev. Donald 
Rowser, pastor of the New 
Lebanon Brethren Church, read 

the scriptural qualifications of 
an elder and also the declaration 
of authority as an elder to Mr. 
Edwards. The ordination prayer 
with laying on of hands was 
led by Rev. Percy Miller, as- 
sisted by Rev. Rowser and Dr. 
Flora. Rev. Ken Goss, pastor of 
the Burlington Brethren Church, 
presented the invocation. Mr. 
Don Rusk, moderator of the 
New Lebanon Church, read the 
action of the church calling for 

Special music for the service 
was presented by Carol Brew- 
ster, who sang a vocal solo, 
"Morning Has Broken." The 
prelude and postlude were 
played by organist Norma 
Dafler and pianist Don Guen- 

In addition to the many mem- 
bers of the New Lebanon con- 
gregation who attended the ordi- 
nation service for Rev. Edwards, 
approximately 40 members of 
the Burlington Brethren Church 
were present. A fellowship meal 
in honor of the new elder fol- 
lowed the ordination service. 

Annual missionary conference held 
at Ardmore Brethren Church 

South Bend, Ind.— The First 
Brethren Church of Ardmore 
held its annual missionary con- 
ference on the first weekend of 
December. The guest speaker 
and leader for the conference 
was the Interim General Con- 
ference Coordinator, who is in 
the process of phasing out as 
Executive Director of the Breth- 
ren Publishing Company. How 
do those positions qualify any- 
one for missionary conferences? 
Well, Mr. John Rowsey also 

served for twelve years as a 
missionary to Argentina and 
then as assistant secretary of 
the National Missionary Board 
for a number of years. 

John did an excellent job of 
bringing us up-to-date on prog- 
ress in the various mission 
fields of the Brethren Church. 
He also introduced some con- 
cepts which were new and 
stimulating to most of us, 
among them the idea of "hidden 
peoples" of the world who can 

be reached for Christ. 

An eight-inch snowfall, the 
first significant snowfall of the 
season, reduced the number of 
participants in the conference, 
but the new Faith Promise for 
1980 still reached over $5,000. 
Our people will have given about 
$2,500 for missions since June 
of 1979, and we are praising 
God for this fresh thrust for 
missions as we enter a new 

— Brian H. Moore 

January 1980 



Roanoke BYC 

Roanoke, Ind. Twelve youth of 
the Roanoke First Brethren 
Church "rocked for heat" on 
Saturday and Sunday, October 
21-22. When an unexpected need 
for a new furnace arose in the 
church, the youth and their di- 
rectors, Lynn and Kathy Brown, 
decided to hold a 24-hour rock-a- 
thon to raise money for a new 
heating unit. 

The rock-a-thon began at 10 
o'clock on Saturday morning, 
with eight youth. They were 
later joined by four others. To 
pass the time, the young people 
listened to music, talked, played 
games, and ate. On Saturday 
evening they were entertained 
by some cartoons and other light 
films. Then at 2:30 Sunday 
morning they watched the film 
"Troubled Waters." 

Saturday lunch for the youth 
was provided by the J.O.Y. 
ladies' fellowship of the church. 
Saturday supper was supplied 
by parents of the youth, and 
Sunday breakfast was prepared 
by volunteers. 

As a result of their efforts, 
the youth raised $1,100 in 
gifts and pledges for the fur- 
nace. This represents approx- 
imately one-third of the total 
amount needed. 

On Homecoming Sunday, 
November 4, the youth present- 
ed a check to the church mod- 
erator, Mr. Steve Williams. All 
the young people that partici- 
pated in the rock-a-thon were 
pleased and excited about what 
they had done to help meet this 
need in their church. 

According to Rev. Ralph 
Gibson, pastor of the Roanoke 
Church, "This kind of activity 
is characteristic of the good 
spirit within the Roanoke con- 
gregation. Worship attendance 
has been growing and is now 
at an average of 68. The congre- 
gation has received nine new 
members to date this year and 
is expanding its ministry to the 
community through puppets 
and a ladies ensemble. The con- 
gregation continues to grow in 
a spirit of love and fellowship." 

rocks for heat 

Roanoke Brethren youth present a "large check" to Moderator 
Steve Williams for the $1,100 in gifts and pledges they raised through 
their rock-a-thon. 

Oak Hill Church observes 
Homecoming and Rally Day 

Oak Hill, W. Va.— October 28 
was Homecoming and Rally 
Day at the Oak Hill First Breth- 
ren Church. The day included 
special morning, afternoon, and 
evening activities. 

The speaker for the morning 
service was Shirley Donnally, a 
long-time resident of Oak Hill. 
This service was followed by a 
carry-in dinner. 

A musical program was held 
in the afternoon, with music 
provided by both guest singers 
and members of the Oak Hill 

Church. Old-fashioned clothes 
were worn for the occasion. 

Evening activities began with 
light refreshments, served by 
the Laymen of the church. Then 
followed the evening service, 
with Oak Hill pastor, Rev. Wil- 
liam Skeldon, bringing the 

According to Mrs. Ollie Foy 
of the Oak Hill Church, the 
Homecoming and Rally Day 
was "a great day in the Lord 
for all of us." 

Cheyenne Church reports 
youth activities 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — The Cheyenne 
Brethren Church has a small, 
but strong, youth group which 
is busy in the Lord's work, ac- 
cording to Cheyenne pastor. 
Rev. Albert O. Curtright. 

Recent activities of the youth 
have included the following: 
— five of the youth attended the 
Midwest District Conference, 
which was held at the Falls 

City, Neb., Brethren Church in 

— the youth recently bought a 
sign with the church's name on 
it to put above the front porch. 
— the young people participated 
in a traveling supper that was 
given by the Woman's Mission- 
ary Society. 

— they entertained the congrega- 
tion with a party at Halloween. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Public school educators honored 
by Park Street Church 

Pictured are 26 of the 30 members of Park Street Brethren Church who are involved in public 
education, along with Edward Swartz (front row, 3rd from right), superintendent of Ashland Public 
Schools, Richard Hamilton (front row, 2nd from right), an Ashland elementary principal, and Rev. Arden 
Gilmer (front row, 4th from right), pastor of Park Street Church. Photo by David Crookshank 

Ashland, Ohio — Members of the 
Park Street Brethren Church 
who are involved in public edu- 
cation were honored during the 
morning worship service of the 
church on December 2. Thirty 
people received recognition, in- 
cluding elementary, secondary, 
and substitute teachers, as well 
as tutors, bus drivers, a cus- 
todian, a secretary, and a psy- 
chologist intern. They represent- 
ed twelve school districts. 

Edward Swartz, superintend- 
ent of Ashland City Schools, was 
present for the service and ad- 
dressed the congregation. Mr. 
Swartz said, "We have only to 
read the paper or view a news- 
cast to remind us that we live 
in a pluralistic society — a so- 
ciety with conflicting views and 
attitudes determined by our 
backgrounds as well as by our 
very lives." He added that public 
schools often serve as "the 
stabilizing agent to prepare chil- 
dren to live in this pluralistic 
society. The public schools have 
been a common equalizing 

Swartz continued, "We as 
Christians have a responsibility 
to a Christian ethic. The Chris- 
tian educator sets directions for 
children by example and 
through caring. I see it happen 
every day." 

"The importance of the Chris- 
tian spirit and the importance 
of the Christian in public edu- 
cation cannot be overstated and 
should not be underestimated. 
At this time and at all times 
in the classroom and in our 
lives, we are in the presence of 
the greatest teacher of them 
all, Jesus Christ," Swartz con- 

Rev. Arden Gilmer, pastor of 
the Park Street Church, also 
addressed the congregation on 
the subject of public education 
during the service. He pointed 
out that Christian educators 
may follow the example of 
Jesus by taking "a comprehen- 
sive view of the educational 
process. Such a wholistic ap- 
proach addresses all the stu- 
dents' needs — rational, social, 
moral, emotional, physical, and 

spiritual. . . . Since Christianity 
is not a segment of life, but a 
thread woven into all parts of 
our lives, the Christian educator 
has a unique contribution to 
give. His sense of integrity 
causes him to conscientiously 
fulfill his teaching responsibil- 
ities. His motivation to take a 
personal and loving interest in 
each student helps the student 
to reach his highest potential. 

"The Christian believes that 
God is the source of all truth. 
God has revealed truth to man 
and has endowed man with the 
power to discover and appre- 
hend truth through empirical 
studies, through rational 
thought processes, through 
faith, and through the Holy 

Following the service, Mr. 
Swartz stated the benefits of 
the day's program. "It is with 
this kind of continued coopera- 
tion that the public schools will 
remain strong and that the 
churches and schools will main- 
tain the proper relationship," 
he said. — Ann Fetterman 

January 1980 



Oak Hill Sunday school class uses 
calendars to show thankfulness 

Oak Hill, W. Va.— The Corner- 
stone Sunday School Class of 
the Oak Hill First Brethren 
Church began a calendar money 
project in March to build up its 
class treasury. Each class mem- 
ber was encouraged to put some 
money on a calendar each day 
to show that she or he had 
something to thank the Lord 

An ingathering of this money 
was held at the October class 
meeting. A total of $119.30 was 
received. Some of this money 
will be used to improve the 
church nursery. 

Class members are continu- 
ing to put money on their cal- 
endars, and an additional ingath- 
ering will be held at the class 
meeting in March. 

Photo by Erma Fink 
Members of the Cornerstone Sunday School Class. 

Fastest growing Sunday 
In U.S. announced 


The fastest growing Sunday 
school in each of the 50 states 
was announced recently at the 
International Christian Educa- 
tion Convention in Detroit, Mich. 
In a day when most Americans 
think the Sunday school is out 
of date, the statistics reveal that 
the movement is strong and 

The Sunday school awards 
demonstrated that churches in 
all types of situations can grow: 
intercity, rural, suburban, and 
small towns. Also, all types of 
denominations placed winners 
on the list. 

The fastest growing Sunday 
school in the U.S. is located in 
the massive Calvary Temple in 
Winter Park, Fla. Average 
attendance at this Sunday 
school went from 3188 last year 
to 4234 this year. 

Some baby churches also 
showed remarkable growth. 
Michigan's fastest growing Sun- 
day school was the Heritage 
Baptist Church. Dr. David Wood 
began the church six months 
ago in a suburb of Grand 

Rapids. Six months later the 
Sunday school was averaging 
over 400. 

What does it take to make a 
Sunday school one of the fastest 
growing in its state? According 
to Elmer Towns, who guided the 
research, several elements char- 
acterize these Sunday schools. 
But the basic factor was deter- 
mination. "Each winning Sun- 
day school had one ingredient — 
determination . . . ," stated Mr. 

Towns also found that every 
growing Sunday school had at 
least one person who had given 
aggressive leadership for out- 
reach. Usually that person an- 
nounced attendance goals and 
motivated the congregation to 
diligent work. 

"Of course," Towns said, "no 
one can produce growth alone. 
These fast-growing Sunday 
schools are characterized by 
teachers who pray, visit, and 
follow-up on absentees. Other 
workers drive Sunday school 
'SutSuts pB8[ 'snoj 5{08qo 'sasnq 
and unselfishly give themselves 


to the thousands of small jobs 
that require attention to reach 
the masses." 

Towns also noted that fast- 
growing Sunday schools have 
returned to the basics. They 
teach the old-fashioned gospel. 
They use traditional techniques 
such as memory work, puppets, 
lectures, flannelgraph, chorus- 
singing, Bible games, flashcards, 
pictures, and chalk illustrations. 
They insist it is still important 
that children learn the Word of 

The fastest growing Sunday 
schools in several other states 
were as follows: 

In Indiana — Gospel Center 
Missionary Church, South Bend. 

In Ohio — ^Towne Boulevard 
Church of God, Middletown. 

In Pennsylvania — South Hills 
Assembly of God, Bethel Park. 

In Illinois — ^Calvary Temple, 

In California — Scott Memorial 
Baptist Church, San Diego. 

In Arizona — Tucson Baptist 
Temple, Tucson. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Board of Chrisfian Ed, proceeds 
with plans for survey 

Ashland, Ohio— The Board of 
Christian Education is proceed- 
ing with plans for a scientific 
survey of the denomination, as 
announced in last month's 

A committee consisting of 
Rev. Mike Gleason, representing 
the Sunday School Growth Tasl^ 
Force of the Board, Charles 
Beekley, Director of Christian 
Education, and Ron Waters of 
the Brethren Publishing Com- 

pany, is planning the survey 
during January. 

On February 1 the question- 
naires will be mailed to a repre- 
sentative cross section of mem- 
bers of the denomination. In- 
cluded in the mailing will be 
post-paid envelopes for partici- 
pants to use to return the sur- 
vey after it is completed. 

During March the surveys 
that are returned will be entered 
in the Publishing Company com- 
puter for analysis, prior to the 

next meeting of the Board of 
Christian Education. A report 
of the findings of the survey 
will be given to the Board at 
its May meeting, and the Board 
will plan programs that will fill 
the expressed needs of the 
Brethren Church. 

Questions regarding the sur- 
vey should be directed to 
Charles Beekley at the Board of 
Christian Education offices, 524 
College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio, 

Congressman seeks support for legislation 
to restore voluntary prayer in schools 

Congressman Philip Crane 
(R-Ill.) is mobilizing ministers 
and leaders in the Christian 
community to back his legisla- 
tive initiative to restore volun- 
tary prayer in public schools. 

The Senate last spring passed 
S. 450, which carries an amend- 
ment restricting the federal 
court's jurisdiction over the 
question of classroom prayer. 
But congressional leaders bot- 

tled up the amendment in the 
House Judiciary Committee, a 
move which would allow it to 

Crane filed a discharge peti- 
tion in November to force con- 
gressional leaders to bring the 
issue to the House floor for a 
vote. Crane and his brother, 
Rep. Dan Crane (R-Ill.), were 
the first to sign the petition, 
but their initiative requires the 

signatures of another 216 Con- 
gressmen before the bill can be 
discharged from committee. 

At the same time. Crane 
called on Christian leaders to 
use their influence to persuade 
other Congressmen to support 
the move, and is asking them to 
join the Committee to Restore 
School Prayer. The first meet- 
ing of the committee is sched- 
uled for mid-January. 


Wheaton, 111. — A special pastors' 
day will headline the activities 
of the 38th Annual Convention 
of the National Association of 
Evangehcals (NAE), March 4-6, 
at the Hyatt House Hotel near 
Los Angeles International Air- 

Meeting under the theme, 
"Strong in the Word, to Serve 
in the World," the convention 
will feature a series of practical 
sessions on Tuesday, March 4, 
focusing on the pastor as leader, 
equipper, and preacher. Speak- 
ers for these sessions will be 
Dr. William Yaeger, pastor of 
First Baptist Church, Modesto, 
Calif.; Dr. Ponder Gilliland, 
pastor of the First Church of 

the Nazarene, Bethany, Okla.; 
and Dr. Stephen Olford, NAE 
Minister at Large. 

The remainder of the conven- 
tion will feature various work- 
shops, luncheons, and public 
evening sessions, all culminating 
in a Thursday night banquet 
commemorating the 200th anni- 
versary of the Sunday school. 
Speaker on that night will be 
Dr. W. A. Criswell, pastor of 
First Baptist Church in Dallas, 

The other featured evening 
speakers will be author and 
Christian education consultant, 
Ethel Barrett; and Dr. James 
Massey, speaker on the Chris- 
tian Brotherhood Hour. 

Scriptures available 
for "boat people" 

New York, N.Y. — Thousands 
upon thousands of refugees 
from Vietnam can turn to the 
American Bible Society and its 
fellow Bible societies overseas 
for God's Word in their native 

In an attempt to reach these 
Vietnam refugees — known as 
the boat people^ — with the Word 
of God, the Bible societies have 
prepared Scriptures for distri- 
bution in refugee camps abroad 
and to individual refugees here 
in America. 

Since the mother tongue of 
many of the boat people is 
Chinese, the societies are also 
maintaining a large stock of 
Chinese Scriptures. 

January 1980 


arasota celebrates 25tli anniversary 

Sarasota, Fla. ^ The Sarasota 
First Brethren Church observed 
its 25th anniversary on Sunday 
afternoon, November 11, with 
"A Festival of Thanksgiving and 

Dr. George Brunk, president 
of Brunk Revivals and a pro- 
fessor at Eastern Mennonite Col- 
lege and Seminary, was the 
speaker for the anniversary 

Dr. J. D. Hamel, senior pastor 

of the Sarasota Church, recog- 
nized the guests who were pres- 
ent, and Rev. Robert Dillard, 
Jr., associate pastor, led the call 
to worship. 

Others participating in the 
service were Rev. Russell Gor- 
don, pastor of the Bradenton, 
Fla., Brethren Church; Mr. Leo 
Elliott, moderator of the Sara- 
sota Church; Mr. Lynn Stumo, 
director of visitation ministry 
for the Sarasota Church; Rev. 

Eugene Beekley, a charter mem- 
ber of the Sarasota congrega- 
tion; and Mr. Walter Davis, 
chairman of the Sarasota Board 
of Deacons. 

Mrs. Tom Provenzano sang a 
vocal solo, "If My People Will 
Pray," and Mrs. Howard Yohe 
presented an organ prelude and 

A "Silver Reception" was held 
immediately after the anniver- 
sary service. 



Cheryol Holleaiback to Timothy Haupert, Decem- 
ber 1, at the Roann, Ind., First Brethren Church; 
Donald Wagstaff, pastor, officiating. Groom a 
member of the Roann First Brethren Church. 
Victoria Wilcox to Robert Johnson, December 1, 
at the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church; Alvin 
Grumbling, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 
the Flora First Brethren Church. 


. . . please let us know. 

1. Give old address: 



City State 

2. Fill in new address below: ^ 




City State 


Date new address in effect 

3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 

Pamela Marlowe to Michael Hardman, November 
17, at the Ardmore First Brethren Church, South 
Bend, Ind.; Brian Moore, pastor, Oifficiating. Bride 
a member of the Ardmore First Brethren Church. 
Belinda Sue Shoff to Larry G. Wigrbels, November 
11, at the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church; 
Alvin Grumbling, pastor, officiating. Bride a mem- 
ber of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
JoAnne Saurs to Roger Lee Quinn, November 10, 
at the Maple Grove Church of the Brethren. Groom 
a member of Park Street Brethren Church, Ash- 
land, Ohio. 

In Memory 

Glen Ellis, 35, November 28. Member of the Bryan, 
Ohio, First Brethren Church. Services by Marlin 
L. McCann, pastor. 

Emma Bowman, 82, November 26. Member of the 
New Lebanon, Ohio, Brethren Church. Services by 
Donald E. Rowser, pastor. 

Eiuth Reichanadter, 84, November 26. Member of 
the Ardmore First Brethren Church, South Bend, 
Ind. Services by Brian Moore, pastor. 
Agatha Wheeler, 83, November 14. A charter mem- 
ber of the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Services by Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 
Charles E. Long, 75, October 31. Member of the 
Cheyenne, Wyo., Brethren Church. Services bj^ 
Albert O. Curtright, pastor. 

John F. Edwards, Sr., 72, September 16. Member 
of the New Lebanon, Ohio, Brethren Church. Ser- 
vices by Donald E. Rowser, pastor. 

Membership Growth 

Flora: 3 by baptism 

Hagerstown: 28 since March by 

baptism and transfer 

Masontown: 3 by baptism 

Burlington: 1 by baptism, 2 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangelist 


As church growth thinking influences more people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARM, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

The Brethren Evangelist introduces this new 
monthly column with the hope that it will contribute 
to church growth in the Brethren Church. 

Question. Is church growth a passing fad? 

Answer. There is always a danger that church 
growth may become just a collection of interest- 
ing ideas. But I don't ibelieve church growth will 
disappear as a fad of the late '70's, for four 
reasons : 

1. Church growth thinking finds its basic 
reason for existence in God's unswerving purpose 
— the redemption of lost mankind. When this 
purpose is understood and acted upon in the most 
strategic and effective ways, God's blessing and 
a growing church are to be expected. 

2. A large number of dedicated Christians, both 
lay and clergy, are being trained in the expanding 
knowledge coming from the study of growing 
churches. These individuals are discovering that 
through the application of church growth prin- 
ciples, their churches can be more successful in 
winning lost people to Jesus Christ and building 
them into the church's fellowship. 

3. Church growth thinking brings a new 
dimension to the church ... a new frame of 
reference for seeing the church. Church growth 
does not mean a program of evangelism, door-to- 
door visitation, or phone calling. It is rather a 
way of looking at a church, as it is obedient — or 
disobedient — to Christ's command to "Go and 
make disciples." Church growth then develops 
strategy to identify ways each church can most 
effectively reach the unchurched in its ministry 
area. We call this perspective, "Seeing through 
Church Growth Eyes." 

4. Results are achieved. Pastors and people 
applying grow^th principles see results . . . "God 
gives the increase." 

All of these reasons cause me to believe that in 
the next five, ten, twenty years, we will see un- 
precedented advance of the church in America 
and across the world. I pray this may indeed 

Question. What is the most important element 
in producing growth? 

Answer. Different people would respond in 
different ways. Some might say the pastor is 
most important, others would say the location, 
still others believe the building, or program, or 
Sunday school is the key factor. 

There is some truth in each of these. Yet, I 
believe the most important element in producing 
church growth is finding the right "mix." 

I define the "mix" as "that combination of 
ingredients or elements of the church which 
together, and in the right proportions, produce 
effective church growth." These same ingredients, 
separately or in the wrong proportions, will be 
ineffective for evangelism /-church growth. Until a 
church finds the right combination, its evangelism 
is probably not very effective. 

Important parts of the ingredients that make 
up the "mix" are the pastor: How does he spend 
his time? What are his strengths? The lay work- 
ers in the church: How many are active in the 
church? What proportion of their time is spent 
in outreach? The budget: Where is most of the 
money spent? What proportion is used directly 
to win people to Christ and the church? The 
community: What type of people are in the 
church's ministry area? Has the church taken 
time to identify responsive people? The strategy: 
What strategies bring results? Are the people 
who are won incorporated into the body? 

These are but a few of the questions that should 
be asked when a church seeks to find its right 
"mix." The "mix" will vary from church to 
church . . . denomination to denomination . . . 
from one location to another . . . from year to 
year. When a church finds the right "mix," the 
members know it. How? The church grows! 

So church growth is not so much finding the 
most important element as it is finding the right 

Copyright 1979 


Preston and Elizabeth Myers, 51st, January 15. 
Members of the Linwood, Md., Brethren Church. 

Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Kenneth White, 50th, December 
23. Members of the Cheyenne, Wyo. Brethren 

LfOuis and GreraJdine Szczypiorski, 51st, December 
22. Members of the Ardmore First Brethren 
Church, South Bend, Ind. 

Mr. & Mrs. Roy €lem, 60th, November 22. Mem- 
bers of the Maurertown, Va., Brethren Church. 

Frank and Orpha Brower, 59th, October 20. Mem- 
bers of the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. 

January 1980 


Questions and Answers 




by Rev. Phil Lersch 

THE channels are open for Brethren 
churches and/or individuals to bring 
refugees from Southeast Asia to our coun- 
try and to aid in their resettlement. 

Working through the World Relief Refu- 
gee Services (WRRS) of the World Relief 
Corporation (of NAE), our Brethren World 
Rehef Board has provided hterature, spon- 
sorship forms, counsel, and encouragement 
to all our congregations. In November a 
packet of materials was sent to all Brethren 
pastors and moderators. In the cover letter, 
Pastor Bob Bischof of our World Rehef 
Board stated: 

"Most of us have had our hearts touched 
by the plight of the 'Boat People' and the 
Cambodian refugees in Southeast Asia. We 
perhaps have wondered about them and 
wondered just who these refugees are. The 
United Nations defines a refugee as 'one 
who has fled from his native country be- 
cause of political, economic, or religious 
pressures.' And political, economic and 
religious pressures are the reason why 
these people have left their native land or 
have been forced out of their native land. 

"It has been estimated that there are 
over 350,000 refugees in Southeast Asia. 
And the sad part of this figure is that it 
is estimated that 30 to 50 percent of the 
people who have fled never made it to 
another country or a refugee camp." 

World Relief Refugee Services received 
recognition by the U.S. State Department 
on February 15, 1979, and processed its 
first refugee on the 28th of February. By 
November 5,912 refugees had been assured 
a place by American sponsors — 3,663 of 
which had already arrived. During the fall 
about 900 were placed each month. 

One of the WRRS booklets sent to all 

Rev. Lersch is chairman of the Brethren World 
Relief Board. 

Baptist Home Mission Board photo 

Brethren churches in November was en- 
titled, "Some Questions You May Have 
About Resettling Refugees." Following are 
the questions and highlights of their an- 
swers. For complete responses, ask to bor- 
row the booklet from your pastor or 

Is resettlement a success? The answer 
is a resounding "yes!" Since 1975 more than 
200,000 Indochinese refugees have been 
resettled in North America. About 95/^ of 
the employable refugees are now self- 

If I choose to sponsor, how will the family 
or individual be selected? A representative 
of WRRS will contact you by phone and 
discuss with you a specific family. Names, 
family relationships and ages can be shared 
with you. You may also be informed of 
work experience, basic skills, religious 
affiliation, and English language capability. 
You will make the decision regarding the 
family or individual assigned to you. 

What is the sponsor's role? Acquaint 
yourself with something of the culture and 
history of the country and people from 
which your refugees come. WRRS will pro- 
vide some brief materials, and you can con- 
sult a library. Encourage refugees to make 
their own decisions. Let them know that 
they can make a contribution to the com- 
munity. Try not to shield them too much. 
Provide opportunities for refugees to inter- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

act with the varied aspects of American 
culture. It will aid in resolving cultural 
misunderstandings. As you are sensitive to 
their feelings, they will succeed in making 
necessary emotional adjustments. Your role, 
then, is not to provide instant answers, but 
to encourage the newcomers to test a 
variety of possibilities. 

When will they arrive? Once you have 
been assigned a family, they will be cleared 
by medical and security checks. This, with 
all other clearances and formalities, may 
take 3 to 6 weeks. About one week before 
the arrival date of the family, you will be 
informed by phone of the arrival time. 

What if they decide to move away? On 
occasion, a refugee or the family group may 
wish to move to another locality. Reasons 
for this may be climate, job opportunities, 
relatives, or friends. Discuss the pros and 
cons with them. They are not bound, nor 
should they be forced to remain with the 
sponsor. If they decide to move, you are no 
longer obligated to assist them. Give them 
your blessing, and help with the move in 
whatever way possible. 

What housing is preferable? Because 
you may not know the exact arrival date 
until a few days before they come, initial 
accommodations may be temporary. For 
those who know no English, housing with 
an American family may be helpful for 
two or three weeks. Generally, separate 
housing will be most satisfactory after this 
initial period. 

What foods are best? Rice is their 
staple. Vegetables, including red peppers, 
garlic, and fish sauce are commonly used. 
Meat, including fish and chicken, has prob- 
ably been only a small part of their diet. 
They may not like American fast foods, 
frozen, or pre-cooked items. Fresh fruits 
will be a treat. Take them to the store and 
let them suggest items which appeal to 

How soon should they look for work? 

Within a few days after arrival you should 
take the employable members of the family 
to the Social Security office and request 
their Social Security cards. Do not wait 
until they can speak English before seeking 
employment. It is important that they begin 
soon to provide for themselves. Most will 
be willing to work at anything. 

What financial commitment is involved? 
You do not make a legal commitment. It 
is simply a moral undertaking on your part. 
You will endeavor to provide the necessary 
support until such time as the employable 
members of the family have work. WRRS 
has a "grant" program available when 
needed ($100 per refugee). If the church or 

sponsoring group is able to proceed without 
this help, we urge you to do so. 

What about Education? Children should 
be entered in school after the first few 
days. The medical record, issued by immi- 
gration authorities and given to the family 
prior to their arrival in the U.S., should be 
submitted to the school upon enrollment. 
Adults will find an opportunity to learn 
English or improve it through the English 
As a Second Language (EASL) program. 

What concern should I have about their 
health? The refugees have been screened 
medically, primarily to ensure that they are 
free from communicable diseases. They 
have not had a thorough medical exam; 
perhaps never in their lives. You may wish 
to arrange this early in their stay with you 
— along with a dental checkup. 

Should we invite them to church? Most 
of the refugees are Buddhist. You should 
feel free to invite them to church. You will 
surely wish to share with them your Chris- 
tian faith. You will not wish to coerce them, 
nor place them under obligation. You will 
want to be careful not to show distain or 
disrespect for their religious beliefs or feel- 
ings. Explain to them the part Christ has in 
your own life and how the church is im- 
portant to you. Explain the love of Christ 
which motivates you to love them. Remem- 
ber, a person's religion is a matter of the 
heart as well as the head. A full understand- 
ing may come slowly especially through the 
filters of a new language and culture. 


iSii'i^i oac' 

in Jesus' 

^viiin,t' xji)ih iipartnei iii (y^a/ answer 

What is cluster resettlement? Refugees 
arriving from Southeast Asia find them- 
selves uprooted from all that is natural to 
them. They are confronted with many 
adjustments. Those who speak no English 
face an especially difficult period. Every- 
thing possible needs to be done to facilitate 
the transition to a new way of life. Locating 
several families of the same ethnic back- 
ground in the same area has proven most 
helpful. This can be accomplished in a num- 
ber of ways: by a sizeable church under- 
taking the sponsorship of several family 
groups; or several churches in an area 

(concluded on next page) 

January 1980 


ftn Cxvression 

of flppreciation 

by Rev. Smith F. Rose 

T WISH to express my appreciation to the 
General Conference and to Brethren 
churches for the privilege I have been 
granted over the past 111/2 years to serve 
as Executive Secretary of the Brethren 
Church. My sharing with Brethren in dis- 
trict conferences and local churches has 
brought me in touch with thousands of 
Brethren whom I never would have known 
otherwise. How can such friendships be 
evaluated, for we shared our dreams, our 
problems, our joys, and our sorrows? I will 
miss very much the annual renewing of 
these friendships, yet I recognize that the 
time has come to consider new priorities. 

As enjoyable as these experiences have 
been, they did involve my being away from 
home more than two months annually. The 
exhilaration of jetting around the country 
faded with the growing awareness that an 
increasing backlog of office duties awaited 
each return and that these duties needed to 
be handled before the next trip. (Each de- 
nominational executive experiences this, 
some more than others.) Sometimes trips 
are as close as weekly for short periods of 
time. To give further details would only 
use added space. It is sufficient to say that 
national office responsibilities have con- 
tinued to increase as more has been expect- 
ed and needed in so many areas of the 
church's life and ministry. 

We have entered a different era. Our 
nation's heritage of a strong moral and 
religious base has been progressively erod- 
ing. Satan's attacks against the church have 
become increasingly direct and open. Now 

Refugee Resettlement 

(continued from previous page) 

planning together to sponsor a number of 

This is just a sample of the valuable 
assistance WRRS gives to potential spon- 
sors. Many other forms of guidance and 
well-prepared literature (from start to 
finish in the whole process) are available. 
If you need more information or desire such 
literature, correspond directly with WRRS, 
P.O. Box WRC, Nyack, New York 10960, 
Phone (914) 353-0640. D 

pastors and their families have come under 
attack from outside and inside the church. 

With the battle continuing to rage, it is 
becoming obvious that our new and greatest 
priority is to support the pastor and 
through him to provide support for the 
members of the local congregation in this 
great struggle. Part of the answer for the 
Brethren Church seems to be to provide a 
Director of Pastoral Ministries who can 
serve as a support and resource person for 
local pastors. 

The 1979 General Conference accepted 
this priority, and the Executive Committee 
is implementing it. With this concept I 
heartily concur. Won't you join with me in 
praying for the right person to be made 
available for this new ministry? Pray daily 
and earnestly for your own pastor and con- 
gregation. Pray also for your denomina- 
tional leaders, especially in this time of 
transition. I believe that the Brethren 
Church faces some of her greatest chal- 
lenges and opportunities in these days and 
that she will meet them constructively 
under God's guidance. 

During the next few weeks we will be 
continuing the process of transferring na- 
tional office responsibilities, a process 
which has been going on for over a year 
now. We had foreseen, in part, the need to 
move some functions from this office. For 
example, the retirement program is now 
being handled entirely by Employee Benefit 
Management Corporation, Columbus, Ohio, 
and most of the details for the General 
Conference publications are being handled 
by the Brethren Publishing Company. 

John Rowsey will be serving as the part- 
time interim General Conference coordina- 
tor to handle the remaining details of the 
national office during this transition. I will 
be working with him. This period will be 
kept as short as possible, for I have accept- 
ed the call to serve as pastor of the Fort 
Scott (Kansas) Brethren Church in the 
Midwest District. 

In spite of the benefits and blessings I 
have received as Executive Secretary, I 
have remained a pastor at heart and am 
anxious to resume this ministry. Again, I 
say, "Thank you" for the experiences and 
opportunities of service these years have 
brought me. Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 






of the 



President — Richard Morris, 4915 Botsford Dr., 

Columfous, OH 43277. Phone (614) 861-3003 
1st Vice President — James Payne, Rt. 3, Box 61, 

Russiaville, IN 46979. Phone (317) 883-7149 
Secretary — Rodger Geaslen, 438 N. Summit Ave., 

Apt. 204, Gaithersburg, MD 20760. Phone 

(301) 736-8322 
Asisistant Secretary — ^Sam Anderson, 350 Geiser 

Ave., Waynesboro, PA 17268. Phone (717) 

Treasurer — Jack Stombaugh, 905 Newdale Circle, 

Bryan, OH 43506. Phone (419) 636-1222 

Assistant Treasurer — Owen Nye, Box 439, Mil- 
ledgeville, IL 61051. Phone (815) 225-7885 


1980 — James Payne, Indiana District; Lester 

Leidy, Pennsylvania District; Harold Real, 

Central District 
1981 — ^Perry Deeter, Ohio District; Brad Harnden, 

California District; Paul Yoder, Florida 

1982 — ^Jim Norris, Southeast District; Milford 

Brinegar, Midwest District. 



Each organization send in a list of 
officers or laymen representative ad- 
dresses along with $2 dues of all 
members to the National Treasurer by 
April 1, 1980. 

At least 60% of membership participa- 
ting in Christian Education; i.e., teacher, 
officer, sponsor, or worship, Bible 
Study, or prayer group leader. 
Organize and furnish leadership for a 
Boys' Brotherhood, assist in the organ- 
ization or promotion of a Jr. or Sr. 
BYC group, or assist in organizing a 
new laymen's organization. 
Every local organization maintaining 
membership, and promoting 100% par- 
ticipation in the Growth Partners Club. 
At least two representatives of each 
local organization attending the sessions 
of the laymen at both District and 
General Conference. 
Complete charge of at least one public 
service with a Layman speaker, pre- 
ferably a Brethren. An offering lifted 
for the national work and sent to the 
National Treasurer by January 31, 1981, 
plus a completed goals report for 1980 

sent to the National Secretary for 
recognition of awards by January 31, 

7. A contribution for the National Project 
brought or sent to the Laymen's session 
at General Conference. 

8. An effort to promote the attendance 
of a student to Ashland College or the 
Theological Seminary. 

9. Every member be involved in an indi- 
vidual systematic Bible study plus read- 
ing one devotional or inspirational book 
during the year. 

10. Every member making at least two 
calls each month on the sick, elderly, 
or shut-ins, plus one personal evan- 
gelistic call per month. 

11. Each local organization promote and 
successfully accomplish the inclusion 
in its local church's budget the cost of 
subscription to the Brethren Evangelist 
for each home in the church. 

> m*^ « 

Total Score is 110 points. Partially com- 
pleted goals may be credited in proportion 
to the percentage of the goal completed. 


$6500 to Campus Ministry 
$500 to Seminary Scholarship 


Project money should be sent MONTHLY to Treasurer Jack Stombaugrh, 905 

Newdale Circle, Bryan, OH 43506. 

ATTENTION LAYMEN — Clip out this page for information and goals reporting. This is the only copy 

of this information you will receive. 



to serve the Lord 

and His 

more effectivi 

For God has called some to be pastors, missionaries, teachers. 
Christian education directors, chaplains, pastoral counselors, 
church leaders, youth directors . . . 

". . . to prepare God's people for works of service, so that the 
body of Christ may be built up until we all reach unity in the 
faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God. . . ." 

(Ephesians 4:12-13) 

Ashland Theological Seminary 
is doing a great work. 

Be a part of it through your prayers and contribu- 

It cannot continue to grow without yaur support in 
both areas. 








03 (It 




(O O ct- 

ci- »— O 






Job Descriptions for Conference Officers 

At its September 1979 meeting, the Executive 
Committee of General Conference outlined job 
descriptions for the elected officers of the Con- 
ference. These are printed here so that the mem- 
bers of the Brethren Church may understand the 
responsibilities of their national officers. The 
descriptions are as follows: 


1. Moderates General Conference. 

2. Chairman of Executive Committee. 

3. Chairman of Spiritual State of the Churches 

4. Represents General Conference at district 

5. Helps plan next year's Conference. 

6. Prepares and presents Moderator's address and 


1. Begins advanced planning for the General 
Conference for which he is responsible. 

2. Gives Conference announcements. 

3. Assists Moderator. 

4. Works with Chairman of the Conference 
Membership Committee re: 

a. Procedure for handling travel subsidy; 

b. Procedure for receiving credentials. 

5. Presides at General Conference during action 
on Moderator's recommendations. 

Past Moderator 
1. Chairman of Conference Membership 

2. Administrator of travel subsidy. 


1. Provides information for General Conference 
and the Executive Committee. 

2. Prepares reports and provides analysis of 

3. Works with treasurer on salary schedule. 


1. Takes official minutes at General Conference 
and at meetings of the Executive Committee. 

2. Sends General Conference credentials to 
churches, pastors, cooperating boards, and 

Assistant Secretary 

1. Assists secretary — 

a. Becomes familiar with procedure for mailing 
credentials ; 

b. Takes minutes; 

c. Tapes recommendations and motions; 

d. Helps formulate minutes. 

2. Assumes secretary's duties in case of his/her 


1. Receives and disperses money. 

2. Prepares budget. 

3. Works on salary schedule. 

Assistant Treasurer 

1. Assists treasurer. 

2. Serves as "back-up" person. 


Appreciation for Smith Rose 

I would like to express to the Brethren my per- 
sonal appreciation for the ministry of Brother 
Smith Rose during his tenure as Executive Secre- 
tary of the Brethren Church. I have known Smith 
in several different capacities. I was a camper in 
one of his junior high camps at Shipshewana. He 
was a member of the examining board which first 
licensed me to the Brethren ministry. In recent 
years I had the privilege of being a colleague. I 
deeply appreciated the counsel and support Smith 
gave to me as a newcomer to denominational 

Smith loves the Scriptures, and he loves the 
church. Our discussions often revolved around 
these two loves. Smith's commitment to the local 
church came through in many ways. While ful- 
filling his denominational responsibilities, he also 
served as a supply pastor for the Massillon and 
Akron congregations. He has also been intensely 
loyal to the ministry of the Park Street Church. 

When talk of change in denominational struc- 
ture surfaced, many in Smith's position would 
have been threatened and uncooperative. But 
Smith revealed his love for the church and its 
total welfare by entering whole-heartedly into the 
(Change process. I applaud Smith for the mature 
way in which he has accepted and facilitated the 

Smith has performed a valuable ministry on 
behalf of the General Conference, and I wish him 
and Florence the best as they move into a new 
adventure by resuming pastoral ministry. 

On behalf of the Brethren I say, "Thank you, 
Smith, for your contributions to the total min- 
istry of the Brethren Church." 

— Arden E. Gilmer 
Ashland, Ohio 

1 1 

e Crisis of Our Times 

S I 

For many years I have believed that our paper, 
"The Brethren Evangelist," needed some deeip 
spiritual articles by noted writers not even in our 
own denomination. "The Crisis of Our Times" by 
Dr. Carl F. H. Henry [December issue], is one, 
to my notion. 

Our people, I repeat, need something to deepen 
their personal spiritual lives. Try this thought and 
see if our "Evangelist" subscriptions increase in 
spite of high prices. I commend you Brethren. 

—Arthur H. Tinkel 
Wabash, Ind. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

The Brethren ^ • 


In its 1 02nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. 


Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $/.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75^ 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


"Praise the Lord. . . . He 
gives snow like wool; he scatters 
hoarfrost like ashes. He casts 
forth his ice like morsels; who 
can stand before his cold?" 
Psalm 147:12, 16-17 (RSV). 

Vol. 102, No. 2 



February 1980 

4 Peace: The Recovery of 

an Early Brethren Vision 

James Gilmer demonstrates that for the early Brethren, to follow 
Jesus meant to live in peace. 

7 Geffmq the Right Focus 

Visiting with new Colombian Christians convinced Mark Baker 
that American Christians need to readjust the focus of their 

10 The Gospel of Our Salvation 

An exposition of Ephesians 1:3-1 4 by Arden Gilmer. 

Renewal at Nappanee 

Alvin Shifflett tells how a church on the decline turned around 
and became a model of church growth. 

I < » \ 

The Benevolent Board || 


15 Invest in Gold! 

A gift to the Benevolent Offering is an investment in God's n 
Gold, enriching us and the elderly of our denomination. 

17 Improvements at the Brethren's Home 

^ gift from the Indiana W.M.S. has made possible several im- 
provements at the Flora Home. 

Domestic Disaster Reljef 

Phil Lersch introduces a plan to enable Brethren people to pro- 
vide on-the-scene assistance when disasters occur in the United 


2 Letters 

9 Salt Shaker 

27 People Are Asking . . . 

February 1980 



of an 



by James A. Gilmer 

THE early Brethren followed literally the 
command of Jesus to love one's enemies 
and not to resist evil. Alexander Mack 
wrote, '*No Baptist will be found in war, 
and few in prison or on the gallows because 
of their crimes. The majority of them are 
inclined to peacefulness."^ 

Andrew Boni, one of the original eight 
who were baptized at Schwarzenau, was 
once investigated by the Basel authorities 
for refusing to bear arms and appear at 
drill sessions. As part of his defense to the 
city fathers, he wrote in 1707, *'. . . blessed 
are they who endure this [injustice], and 
those upon whom injustice is wreaked, but 
woe to those who inflict it."^ 

A 1723 article that appeared in the anti- 
pietist publication. Innocent News, report- 
ing on the current situation at Basel, stated 
that there were those who refused to stand 
guard, participate in military drills, or bear 
arms for the defense of their land. This 
reference may well have been to the Breth- 
ren, for the article went on to describe some 
distinctive Brethren attitudes toward bap- 
tism and Communion. 

In 1717 six Brethren from Solingen were 
arrested, tried, and sentenced to hard labor 
at the Julich prison because of their open 
dissension with the state church. One of 
them, John Lobach, wrote a letter from 
prison to his mother in April of 1717, which 
he thought was surely the eve of his mar- 
tyrdom. The letter, written while he was 
in the midst of extreme physical and psy- 
chological persecution, contains some sec- 
tions that capture the pulse of the peace- 
loving people. ''Yet, as long as I breathe," 
he wrote, "I shall by grace not cease to pray 
and intercede with my Father for all those 
who hate and persecute me . . . that He 
may not store up their sins until the awful 
day of His revenge."^ 

He continued on to state his own forgive- 
ness of his persecutors, and he appealed 
to them to repent before they suffered the 
vengeance of God. *'...! shall also love my 
enemies with a fervent love from my heart, 
and share with them a blessing from the 

Rev. Jim Gilmer is pastor of the Teegarden 
Brethren Church near Lapaz, Ind. This article 
was written at the request of the General Confer- 
ence Social Concerns Committee, of which Rev. 
Gilmer is a member. 

1 Donald F. Durnbaugh, "The Genius of 
the Brethren," Brethren Life and Thought, IV 
(Winter, 1959), p. 26. 

2 Donald F. Durnbaugh, ed., European 
Origins of the Brethren (The Brethren Press, 1958), 
p. 102. 

3 Ibid., p. 271. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Whatever opinions and attitudes toward peace are held 
currently in the Brethren Church, it is the clear and 
objective testimony of history that living in full dis- 
association with violence at any level and for any 
reason was part of the early Brethren vision of 

living spring of the heavenly blessings. I 
wish from the bottom of my heart that 
they might change their minds while it is 
still 'today,' and might wash and cleanse 
their hearts. I wish that they might be 
given the grace of Jesus Christ more 
abundantly than I have experienced."'^ 

This letter was written with the same 
heartbeat displayed by Jesus on the cross 
and by Stephen in the stoning pit, when 
they appealed to God for the forgiveness of 
the very ones responsible for their unjust 
deaths. It is the heartbeat of peace. 

The Brethren commitment to peace and 
non-resistance was carried to the New 
World from Europe. The Quaker historian, 
Samuel Smith, wrote in his 1765 history of 
Pennsylvania that the Dunkers, in obedience 
to their Master's word not to resist evil, do 
not bear arms or fight. 

Another Pennsylvania historian, U. J. 
Jones, in his 1885 book. History of the 
Early Settlement of Juniata Valley, de- 
scribes with obvious distain the refusal of 
the Dunkers of Morrison Cove to defend 
themselves or to assist in their own defense 
against the Indian massacres of 1777-80 
during the Revolutionary War. He wrote, 
'They would follow but half of Cromwell's 
advice: — They were willing to put their 
'trust in God,' but they would not 'keep 
their powder dry.' "^ 

Jones recorded an account of a Dunker 
miller, Jacob Neff, who was banned from 
the church for using his rifle to kill two 
Indians who menaced him. Dunker writer 
James Sell later corrected the Jones ac- 
count. According to him, Neff was repri- 
manded by the brotherhood and later 
banned for bragging about the incident, 
which was an indication to them that he 
had never genuinely repented for it. 

Military companies were voluntary in 
Colonial days and were organized by coun- 
ties. A county official from Lancaster, 

4 Ibid., pp. 272-3. 

^ Donald F. Durnbaugh, ed.. The Brethren 
in Colonial America (The Brethren Press, 1967), 
p. 147. 

Pennsylvania, wrote in 1777 to the president 
of the County Executive Council that due 
to the presence of "so many scrupulous 
people," including Quakers, Mennonites, 
and Dunkers, the military company was 
hard to fill up. In a letter to John Preisz 
in May of 1775, Sander Mack, son of 
Alexander, mentions a brother, Cornelius 
Nise, who had recently been expelled from 
the brotherhood for allowing his name to 
be placed on the list for military drill. 

Annual Meeting repeatedly censured any 
Brethren participation in muster ground 
drills.^ In 1799 the Virginia Brethren peti- 
tioned the state legislature to provide alter- 
native service to the muster ground drills. 
They would spend equal time on public work 

Stonewall Jackson wrote his support of 
such a measure in a letter to the governor. 
He reasoned that the governor might as 
well find some other way for the peace- 
lovers to serve because they only hampered 
the efficiency of the militia. "They can be 
made to fire," he wrote, "but they can very 
easily take bad aim."^ 

In most cases county governments were 
tolerant of the peace people. A letter of 
gratitude drafted cooperatively by Mennon- 
ites and Dunkers in 1775 was sent to the 
Pennsylvania General Assembly because 
the Assembly had officially granted cre- 
dence to their conviction to do all good to 
men and seek their preservation rather 
than their destruction. They had been 
granted official exemption from military 

Although the General Assembly of Mary- 
land was also officially tolerant, local au- 
thorities often imposed heavy fines and 
confiscated the arms of the "non- 
associators." In North Carolina, clothing 
and supplies were required from the peace 

6 Statements appear in the minutes of 
Annual Meeting in 1789, 1815, 1817, 1835, 1840, 
1845, 1859. 

'' Roger Sappington, ed.. The Brethren in 
the New Nation (The Brethren Press, 1976), p. 

February 1980 

'1 shall by grace not cease to pray and intercede with 
my Father for all those who hate and persecute me '' 

people for military use. They were also 
required to pay for hired troops to fill their 
places in the militia, and they were com- 
monly taxed at three to four times the nor- 
mal rate. 

The peace position was affirmed and 
reaffirmed by Annual Meeting. In 1778 the 
meeting moved a ban against any Brethren 
who swore the Pennsylvania attest of 
allegiance unless they would repent and 
publically relinquish their certificates. In 
1781 the conference went on record against 
the payment of a substitute for the draft. 
**. . . we, the assembled Brethren, exhort in 
union all Brethren everywhere to hold 
themselves guiltless and take no part in 
war or bloodshedding, which might take 
place if we would pay voluntarily for hiring 
men. . . ."^ 

The 1785 meeting dealt with the case of 
a Virginia brother, Valentine Power, who 
held the legitimacy of departure from non- 
violence in order to obey the government 
(I Peter 2:13,14). Conference held that 
God's authority was higher (Acts 5:28). It 
pointed out the clear testimony of Peter, 
later in that same second chapter, where 
Christ is held as the example of defenseless- 
ness. Jesus believed, taught, and died ''re- 
sisting not evil." The statement adopted by 
the conference went on to quote the Ger- 
man Bible of Isaiah 9:5 that ''War is . . . 
burned by fire." Where the fire that Christ 
came to kindle on the earth already burns, 
the Brethren agreed, there war is already 
burned up. 

The Brethren maintamed their peace 
convictions throughout the troubled years 
of the Civil War. John Kline wrote in his 
diary on January 1, 1861, that he saw the 
clouds of war gathering. He expressed his 
fear that war would mean "bonds and im- 
prisonments, and perhaps even death to 
many in our beloved Brotherhood, who, I 
have the confidence to believe, will die 
rather than disobey God by taking up 

In December of the same year, Kline 
wrote in his diary that the brotherhood was 
solidly united against the bearing of arms. 

8 Durnbaugh, The Brethren in Colonial 
America, p. 354. 

9 Sappington, p. 334. 

Some had already indicated their willing- 
ness to flee their homes rather than submit 
to the draft. He wrote further in a letter 
to Colonel Charles Lewis dated the same 
month, "We German Baptists (called 
Tunkers) do most solemnly believe that the 
bearing of carnal weapons in order to de- 
stroy life, is in direct opposition to the 
Gospel of Christ, which we accept as the 
rule of our faith and practice." ^*^ 

Seventy Brethren fled from their homes 
in Confederate territory in order to avoid 
being drafted into the war. Their movement 
was observed, and they were apprehended 
by two Confederate soldiers. When asked 
if they were armed, Joseph Miller replied, 
"Yes," and produced his New Testament. 

B. F. Moomaw traveled to Richmond, 
Virginia, in an attempt to persuade the 
government to exempt the Brethren from 
fighting. If exemption failed, he was au- 
thorized by the brotherhood to petition for 
a passport out of the country, for as 
Moomaw succinctly put it, ". . . we cannot 
nor will we fight." ^^ 

William Thurman wrote a tract in the 
Civil War years in which he noted the ab- 
surdity of using the sword in defense of 
that which we have been required to for- 
sake (Matt. 19:21, 27, 29). He did recognize 
the use of the sword in the world and by 
those who were not disciples of Jesus. His 
position was not that of the later liberal 
pacifism, but that of radical obedience to 
the law of Christ by those who have placed 
themselves under the law. 

Whatever opinions and attitudes toward 
peace are held currently in the Brethren 
Church, it is the clear and objective testi- 
mony of history that living in full disasso- 
ciation with violence at any level and for 
any reason was part of the early Brethren 
vision of discipleship. To follow Jesus was, 
for them, to live in peace. It is my consid- 
ered opinion that in our apparent wide- 
spread departure from this position, we 
have left behind us something that is 
essential to our heritage. At this po'nt then, 
the most progressive move we could make 
would be to retrace our steps and recover 
the early Brethren vision of peace. Q 

10 Ibid., p. 

11 Ibid., p. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

' ** •: 

Photo by Mark Baker 

Getting the Right Focus 


STOOD at the runway thinking, ''This is 

the craziest thing I have ever done in 
my hfe." We were standing at the end of 
the runway in Medelhn, Colombia, waiting 
for airplanes to take off and land. I had 
heard stories of people having to duck when 
the planes flew overhead. Little did I know 
it was not far from true. 

As I stood there focusing my camera on 
an abstract point in space, I began to won- 
der on what I was actually focusing. Was it 
a cloud, was it a bird, or was it dust on my 
camera lens? I wanted to focus on a point 
that the soon-landing plane would intersect. 

Moments later, over the mountains came 
a plane, just ready to land. Louder and loud- 
er the noise grew. Closer and closer the 

Mark Baker is a sen- 
ior at Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary. 

Mark spent the sum- 
mer of 1977 in Me- 
dellin, Colombia, as a 
B YC Missionary In- 
tern. He returned to 
Medellin last October 
to spend seven weeks 
studing Brethren mis- 
sions there as a part of 
his seminary work. 

by Mark Baker 

plane came. Soon I was ready to hit the 
ground to avoid being smacked by the big 
bird. But before I ducked, I snapped the 

There! The picture was taken. Now I 
could return to sanity. But then I saw 
another plane approaching. Since I was 
already there, I decided to stay for that one, 
then another, and another. I couldn't believe 
it! One of the craziest things I had ever 
done was fast becoming one of the most 

It is that way with a lot of things. Situa- 
tions we must face seem crazy and absurd 
at first, but then we accept and enjoy them. 
We say, "I could never do such a thing," 
or "I have never done it before," or "People 
wouldn't think I was normal." The same 
applies to ideas. They seem crazy and 
absurd because we have not encountered 
them before. Our minds are filled with many 
excuses for not following the ideas. 

So it is with Christianity. We don't do a 
lot of things because they are new and are 
not in our current set of habits. Besides, 
what would others say? 

Thoughts like these crossed my mind as 
I sat in the Miami airport on October 9, 
1979. "Can I really board that flight to 
Medellin?" I had visited there once before, 
but I could barely speak the language, was 
leery of the customs, and was basically 

February 1980 

frightened of what could happen. And what 
would I say when I had to get off the plane? 
All I could think of was "No hablo ingles," 
which means, *1 don't speak English." I 
was very nervous and unsure of myself. The 
whole thing seemed crazy and absurd. 

But I did board the plane in Miami, and 
I left it in Medelhn? Why? I had been to 
Medellin two years before and had fallen 
in love with the place and the people. How- 
ever, it was more than just this "love" that 
was bringing me back. It was God's call and 
plan for my life that gave me a new and 
strange situation to contend with, and to 
conquer. I not only had to cope with it, but 
I had to become at ease with it. It had to 
become a part of me. 

The following seven weeks in Medellin 
were filled with many new and different 

I had the privilege of attending and par- 
ticipating in the second annual general con- 
ference of the Brethren Church of Colombia. 
The sense of brotherhood at that conference 
was as real as it is at General Conference in 
Ashland. The ordination of Dario Tabon as 
the first Colombian Brethren pastor moved 
the hearts of our brothers and sisters in 
Medellin as it did mine. I felt a part of the 
total ministry of God's people working in 
the world. 

Involvement with home Bible studies, 
Sunday school classes, and worship services 
was only the beginning of my learning ex- 
periences. Interaction with nationals, our 
missionaries, and other missionaries pro- 
vided exposure to a variety of techniques 
for ministry. The cultural shock of bottled 
and boiled water, open kitchens with un- 
ending flies, push and shove lines for buses, 
meat markets which sold heads and tails 
of cattle, and even an earthquake, all left 
me with lasting impressions. 

But none of those involvements, inter- 
actions, or impressions left their mark on 
me as deeply as the joy of the Christian 
experience. The work with the Colombian 
Brethren has an excitement that I have yet 
to see in the United States. Most of the 
members of the churches are new, first- 
generation Christians who have not lost 
their zeal for the spreading of the Gospel. 

So often Christians in the U.S. lose sight 
of their first love — Jesus Christ — and fall 
to the materialism of the world. Importance 
is taken away from Jesus as Savior and 
Lord and is placed on things of the faith, 
instead of the faith itself. The Colombian 
Brethren certainly have not lost their first 
love. Their willingness to reach out across 
the barriers with the Word of God is 

My experience in missionary service has 

given me a new outlook on each new day. 
It has changed my view of the kid down 
the street and the neighbor next door. They 
are no longer numbers or faces, but people 
who are loved by God and who need to 
know about His love. 

Here in the United States the comforts 
of home cover up the pain and misery of 
our friends and neighbors. We can't see 
past the outer shell of material comfort 
into that inner hurt and spiritual hunger. 
I saw in Medellin the difference that only 
Jesus Christ can make in a life. The new- 
ness of spirit and vitality of life were evi- 
dent not only in their works, but also on 
their faces. They had focused their atten- 
tion on the Savior and were excited about 
sharing their new life with others around 

I am forced to wonder if we have not lost 
our focus and have misdirected our aim. 
Are we so worried about ducking to miss 
the plane that we don't see whether we 
have focused on the point of intersection 
or on the dust on the lens? Our fears build 
barriers that keep us from reaching out 
and touching someone who is really hurting. 

Our focus has not always been on the 
point of intersection — brlngmg that person 
to Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. Instead 
we see the dust on the lens and wipe away 
the temporary symptoms and never get to 
the real problem. Jesus Christ is the meet- 
ing place for all peoples and places. We hold 
the answer to all the problems in our hearts. 
But it is only by sharing Him with others 
that we become effective in our outreach 
and witness to the world in which we live. 

It is not easy to talk openly about what 
should be the most important thing in our 
lives. Personal evangelism gets shoved aside 
for later or is something the pastor should 
be doing. We forget that all of us are to be 
witnesses. But the zeal and excitement of 
the first generation Christians who are 
members of the Brethren Church in Colom- 
bia are overwhelming. They feel the differ- 
ence that Jesus makes in their lives. And 
they share it with others. 

The responsibility to share Jesus Christ 
falls on each one of us. Unless we take our 
Lord seriously when He tells us to share 
His love and message with others, we have 
lost our purpose for being. Each of us must 
maintain our focus on Jesus Christ and 
aim for that intersection of sharing Him 
with those who do not know Him. 

We all know that Jesus has changed our 
lives. We know there is a difference in how 
we face each day, cope with our problems, 
and relate to the world in which we live. 
Isn't it about time we started telling others 
about the difference? □ 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

ere is hope for the eighties — for those capable 
of receiving it. 

Is There Hope for the Eighties? 

THE recently concluded decade of the 
seventies was one of the most exciting 
in history. Unbelievable things took place 
before our very eyes. 

We witnessed the resignation of a Presi- 
dent, the end of a divisive and economically 
debilitating war, mass suicides in a jungle 
settlement, the death of Elvis Presley, the 
lesson of Three Mile Island, the price of 
oil increasing 700%, and the complete 
televisionization of America. 

In the seventies our computers got 
smaller; so did our automobiles and our 
grocery bags. Our incomes increased, but 
our mortgages grew. We experienced an 
avalanche of Japanese products. You name 
it, we bought it! American indebtedness 
increased to over $300 billion in installment 

"As we face the eighties, we know 
that in nnany respects the 'Happy 
Days' of the fifties have passed 

The seventies was also an age of "stag- 
flation" and non-growth. Huge RV's 
(recreational vehicles, for the uninitiated) 
have apparently gone the way of the din- 
osaur. We waited in line for gasoline, and 
car dealers are apparently stuck with eight- 
cylinder, gas-eating mammals. 

As we face the eighties, we know that in 
many respects the ''Happy Days" of the 
fifties have passed forever. We must now 
learn to cope with energy shortages, chang- 
ing values, $1.00 hamburgers, and OPEC. 

After all these years we've finally learned 

(it took a while) that there's no Santa 
Claus, no elfs, no Tinker Bell, no super- 
bionic Wonder Woman or Superman, not 
even a Captain America. We have no heroes 
left to fantasize or emulate. The New York 
Yankees aren't what they used to be, and 
football isn't the same without Woody 
Hayes or the movies without John Wayne. 

To our chagrin embassies are no longer 
sanctuaries. Suddenly the world awakens to 
discover nothing is sacred anymore. There 
is no quiet. No Israelite cities of refuge 
for protection and security. We are like 
sheep without a shepherd, the Shah with- 
out a country. 

Apparently there's no one we can trust 
anymore. We trusted Nixon and got Water- 
gate; we trusted General Motors and got 
a Chevy engine in an Olds ; we trusted Alex 
Haley of "Roots" and discovered the 
"roots" weren't really his. Some even trust- 
ed baseball manager Billy Martin, till he 
sucker-punched an insipid marshmallow 

Is there any hope for mankind as we 
face the eighties? 

Yes, thank God, I'm happy to say there 
is. That is, if you're capable of receiving it. 
Trouble is most folks can't stand still long 
enough to hear about it. The answer is 
available, but we have to listen. 

Listen carefully in the midst of our con- 
fusion, above the drone of worried people 
paying their oil bills, and you will hear 
church bells still ringing and the name of 
Jesus still being proclaimed. Tiny children 
still sing, "Red and yellow, black and 
white, they are precious in His sight . . . ." 
And a tiny old woman called Mother Teresa 
gives her life in the slums of Calcutta in 
service for the Lord and the children, n 

February 1980 


Focusing on the Word 

■ ^ 

The Gospel of Our Salvation 

An exposition of Ephesians 1:3-14 by Arden E. Gilmer. 

ARE YOU ever trapped in the slough of 
desolation? Does depression ever grasp 
your spiritual throat and threaten to choke 
your eternal life ? Have you ever wanted to 
"throw in the towel" and call it quits with 
this Christian stuff? Whenever you feel 
debilitated, I suggest you turn to Ephesians 
chapter 1. 

As a child in Sunday school I often sang, 
"Isn't it grand to be a Christian? Isn't it 
grand? Amen!" Ephesians brings vividly 
before us the grandeur of Christianity. In 
it the Apostle Paul takes us to the 
mountain of salvation and gives us a guided 
tour through its majestic peaks. As we 
meditate on this passage, our spirits are 
lifted in praise and adoration of our great 
and loving God. He is our Savior! Indeed, 
we are blessed! No greater antidote for 
spiritual depression exists! 

Ephesians 1:3-14 is a hymn of praise. 
Its theme: "The Gospel of Our Salvation" 
(v. 13). Paul leads us in blessing God be- 
cause He has blessed us with every spiritual 
blessing. God has completed a glorious work 
on mankind's behalf. 

Observe the results of God's activity 
towards those who hear the message of 
salvation and believe it (v. 13). They are 
blessed (v. 3), chosen (v. 4), made holy 
and blameless (v. 4), predestined (v. 5), 
adopted (v. 5), accepted (v. 6), redeemed 
(v. 7), forgiven (v. 7), lavished with grace 
(v. 8), made knowledgeable about God*s 
will (v. 9), God's heirs (v. 11), and sealed 
(v. 13) . Their complete redemption is guar- 

Rev. Arden Gilmer is pastor of the Park Street 
Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio. 

This is the second in a series of articles by various 
writers on Paul's Letter to the Ephesians. 

anteed (v. 14) . Only the callous could refuse 
to praise the Lord for these unique bless- 
ings which only He can provide. All of these 
blessings are centralized "in Christ" (v. 3). 
Paul repeats the phrase "in Christ" 16 
times in Ephesians. 

The portion 1:3-14 is one sentence. The 
Spirit-inspired thoughts leap from Paul's 
mind faster than his pen can react. There's 
simply no time for punctuation! Neverthe- 
less, we can discern a pattern. This hymn 
of hallelujahs to the gospel of our salvation 
develops in three stanzas. Two stanzas con- 
clude with the refrain "to the praise of His 
glory" (w. 12, 14). The other finishes with 
"to the praise of the glory of His grace" 
(v. 6). Each stanza focuses on one person 
of the Trinity and His particular role in the 
gospel of our salvation. The passage can 
be outlined as follows: 

of Our Salvation 

1. Planned by the Father (vv. 4-6) 

2. Purchased by the Son (w. 7-12) 

3. Protected by the Spirit (vv. 13-14) 

Planned by the Father 

Man's sin did not catch God by surprise. 
It did not thwart God's purpose in creating 
man. Though man's sin brought tremendous 
heartache to God, He did not "wash His 
hands" of mankind. Even before creation 
God planned the ultimate victory of salva- 
tion which would nullify the temporary 
victory of Satan. 

The heart of God's redemptive plan rested 
on His prior activities of choice and pre- 
destination (w. 4,5). Some theologians 
have spent endless hours debating predes- 
tination versus free will. This debate has 
never excited me because it seems to be 


The Brethren Evangelist 

an exercise in futility. Both sides can bring 
Scripture references to support their argu- 
ments. Why? Because the Bible teaches 
both predestination and free will, but it 
never attempts to reconcile the two. Though 
they defy human logic, both are needed for 
salvation. So we must settle for the concept 
of paradox. Therefore, when the Bible pro- 
claims predestination, believe it. When it 
teaches free will, accept it. 

In this passage Paul shows no concern 
for the scope of God's choice. He does not 
mention that some are chosen and others 
are not. Rather Paul reveals to us the meth- 
od, purpose, and result of God's activity. 
He chose us. How? In Christ. Those who 
accept Christ's atoning work are in Christ. 
God chose us in Christ, and in no other — 
not Mohammed, Buddha, or Joseph Smith. 

Why did God choose us ? In order that we 
should be holy and blameless. Notice, not 
sinless, but blameless. The only way we can 
stand without spiritual or moral blemish 
before the justice of God is to be in position. 
That position — in Christ Jesus. Christ was 
blameless (Heb. 9:14; I Pet. 1:19). 

The result of God's choice: we receive 
adoption as God's children (v. 5). The 
phrase ''in love" (end of v. 4) declares God's 
motive in making us His children. The agent 
of this adoption is Jesus Christ. So the 
Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (v. 3) be- 
comes our Father too. 

The Romans practiced the adoption of 
adult sons. If a man had no sons to carry 
on h*s name, he would adopt an adult son 
from a family that had several. When the 
public adoption ceremony was completed, 
the person adopted received all the rights 
of a legitimate son in his new family. And 
he lost all rights in his old family. In the 
eyes of the law he was a new person. All his 
debts and obl'gations connected with his 
previous family were canceled and abol- 
ished as though they had never existed. 

That is exactly what God has done for 
us in Christ. He cancels out our past and 
brings us into a new family, giving us the 
rights and privileges of His family. God 
does th^s by accepting us in the Beloved, 
i.e., in Christ (v. 6). 

No longer condemned, but accepted! 
That's our new position! God predestined 
us to it! He has also predestined us to be 

conformed to the image of His Son (Rom. 

These blessings flow from the fountain- 
head of His love. No wonder we sing, *'Love 
lifted me!" By adoption God transfers the 
enfranchised soul from the serfdom of 
Satan's slave camp to the circle of His royal 
family and invests the believer with a 
heavenly citizenship and untold privileges. 

Purchased by the Son 

Though the entire passage features 
Christ, this stanza focuses particularly on 
His redemptive work which resulted in for- 
giveness for us. Redemption (v. 7) has to 
do with the emancipation of either slaves 
or prisoners. The release is secured by the 
payment of a ranson price. As a result the 
person is delivered from a circumstance in 
which he was powerless to bring about his 
own liberation or from a penalty which he 
could never have paid. 

Christ redeemed us from the bondage of 
Satan, sin, and death. The ransom price was 
His own blood (I Pet. 1: 18,19). His ulti- 
mate sacrifice fulfilled the Old Testament 
sacrificial system (Heb. 9:22, 26; 10:12). 
Redemption results in the forgiveness of 
sins. Sin places the body, the mind, the will 
and the emotions of man under bondage, 
but forgiveness is freedom. Forgiveness lit- 
erally means the loosing of a person from 
that which binds him. Forgiveness also in- 
volves the removal of guilt both actual and 

The source of redemption and forgive- 
ness is the riches of God's grace which He 
lavished upon us. What unreserved though 
undeserved generosity! There are many 
reasons why God could exclude us from 
His fellowship. There is no reason, except 
for His love and grace, why He should in- 
clude us. Through the transforming work 
of God's redeeming grace, we become ad- 
vertisements revealing the praise of His 
glory (v.12). 

Protected by the Spirit 

The third stanza of this salvation hymn 
highlights the work of the Holy Spirit in 
our salvation. Two words pinpoint the 
Spirit's ministry: seal and pledge (earnest). 
According to verse 13 sealing culminates a 

''Ephesians brings vividly before us the grandeur of 
Christianity. In it the Apostle Paul takes us to the 
mountain of salvation and gives us a guided tour 
through its majestic peaks/' 

February 1980 


sequence and is preceded by hearing, faith, 
and salvation. A person receives the stamp 
of the Holy Spirit at the moment he believes 
in Christ. 

In ancient times the seal was an evidence 
of ownership, much like the branding of 
cattle in the Old West. The Spirit's presence 
indicates that we really belong to God. 

The seal also indicated authenticity. After 
a king wrote a letter or a decree, he placed 
his seal upon it. The one receiving the de- 
cree knew that it was authentic because of 
the presence of the king's seal. Soon after 
a person receives Christ, Satan attacks to 
bring doubts to the new convert regarding 
his conversion experience. But God antici- 
pated Satan's maneuver and provided His 
Holy Spirit to bear witness to the Chris- 
tian's spirit authenticating his position in 
the family of God (Rom. 8:16). The seal 
also meant protection. The seal protected 
the contents of any item being shipped and 
discouraged thieves from stealing or tam- 
pering with the contents of a package. A 
seal was placed on the tomb of Christ to 
protect its contents. The presence of the 
Holy Spirit in our life is God's way of pro- 
tecting us from the deceitful scheming of 
Satan to steal our salvation. 

The Holy Spirit is also a pledge or guar- 
antee of our complete redemption (v. 14). 
The word in the original language is 
arrabon and is a term from the world of 
commerce. As the deposit or first install- 
ment made in a business transaction, it 
indicated the intention of the purchaser to 
eventually pay the price in full. It also re- 
ferred to an engagement ring indicating a 
pledge of a completed relationship in 
marriage. So the Holy Spirit is God's first 
installment in the Christian's inheritance. 
The experience of the Holy Spirit which 
we have in this world is a foretaste of the 
joys and blessings of heaven. The Holy 
Spirit is God's own guarantee that someday 
we will experience all the joys of a face-to- 
face relationship with Jesus Christ on that 
day when our redemption is complete. This 
generates unquenchable hope which sus- 
tains us in our current situation. Let's give 
praise to God's glory! 

Frequent contemplation of Paul's inspired 
hymn about the good news of our salvation 
and how it is accomplished will surely keep 
us from taking our salvation for granted. 
But, even more, may we live worthy of our 
calling (Eph. 4:1) and by so doing give con- 
tmual praise to the riches of the glory of 
God's superabundant grace. Our salvation 
— grace sought it, grace bought it, grace 
wrought it, and grace brought it. Let's 
sing ''Amazing Grace" with deeper appre- 
ciation. □ 




by Rev. Alvin Shifflett 

The First Brethren Church of Nappanee was 
one of four growing Brethren churches honored at 
the 1979 General Conference as models of church 
growth. In this article Nappanee pastor, Rev. Alvin 
Shifflett, tells about the renewal at Nappanee 
which brought about this growth. 

THE First Brethren Church of Nappanee, 
Indiana, was organized in 1885. By June 
of 1948, when the present church building 
was dedicated, the Nappanee congregation 
had a membership of around 500. 

The church continued to experience good 
growth during the mid-fifties. But in the 
turbulent sixties, when the nation began 
to question itself, the Nappanee congrega- 
tion caught a spiritual malaise which 
brought stagnation and decline. Accom- 
panying this decline was the inevitable 
dissension and dissatisfaction in the church. 
It was as if the body had grown old and 
was dying. 

During this period of decline, people came 
to church expecting problems, not miracles 
of change. In those difficult years a lot of 
bad press also went out from the church 
into the community. Visitors would visit 
only once, if at all, because they sensed that 
the church had become negative and 

By 1973 attendance had dipped well be- 
low 200, and the budget was running in the 
red. The church had been on a steady 
decline for ten full years. The $64000 
question was. How could it be turned 
around ? 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Turning a church around after ten years 
of decline is a herculean task. It requires a 
lot of prayer, work, sacrifice, and patience. 
It cannot be done in a couple of months. 
In fact, I've come to believe that for every 
five years of decline, it requires at least one 
long year of hard work to turn a church 
around. In Nappanee's case, ten years of 
decline would require at least two years to 
turn the tide. 

The last year of decline for the Nappanee 
Church was 1973. By 1975 the body was 
recovering. There would be no funeral. The 
people had a mind to work. 

Taking inventory 

In turning a church around, the first 
major step is to take inventory. If a com- 
pany is to stay out of bankruptcy, it must 
know its resources and what its sales record 
has been — and proceed from there. God 
would have us apply the same basic sound 
principles to His work. 

At Nappanee we proceeded to take inven- 
tory. First, we looked at ourselves. Were 
there complaints? If so, who had them and 
why? All complaints had to be evaluated. 
Legitimate grievances were handled — 

The first major part of Nappanee's 
change involved becoming positive again. 
God's people must deal with present real- 
ities, not past failures. We cannot long re- 
joice over past triumphs or mope over 
past losses. We must go forward in faith 

and enthusiasm. A congregation has to 
believe that with God all things are pos- 
sible. This positive attitude does not come 

Positivism must begin with the leader- 
ship. People are basically conservative. 
They will sit back and watch. ''Inspire me 
if you can," seems to be their challenge. But 
the good thing about God's people is that 
they won't sit back forever. If the leader- 
ship stays enthusiastic and positive long 
enough, God's people will come out and help 
them build. 

Second, in looking at ourselves we dis- 
covered we had excellent teachers and Bible 
students. The church was filled with them. 
We had many excellent, well-trained teach- 
ers, most of whom worked in the public 
school system. What a tremendous asset to 
the church these would be! 

Third, we had a large number of profes- 
sional and business people in our church at 
Nappanee. These kinds of people provide 
leadership in the church. They know how 
to lead because they do it in every walk 
of life. Therefore we knew that these people 
must be channeled into leadership roles in 
the congregation. 

Fourth, we discovered we had one of the 
best church libraries in the country. Over 
200 books are checked out and read every 
month. I believe this is the key to why so 
many people were Bible students in 

Fifth, as a result of the above, we had 
monetary resources available. Giving would 

February 1980 


come if God's people developed an adequate, 
zealous program. We set out to do just that! 

After looking at ourselves and discover- 
ing our resources, we took a careful look 
at the community. What need could our 
church fill? We discovered that Nappanee 
is a well-churched town — 30 churches in a 
city of 5,000. That's about 170 people per 
church. But not all churches were averag- 
ing 170 people. In fact, only four or five 
were. The rest were small. The town has 
about 1,900 unconverted people in it, and 
new people moving in all the time. 

We also discovered that Nappanee is 
somewhat of a bedroom community for 
people working in Elkhart and South Bend. 
There was potential. The problem was, we 
weren't the only evangelical voice in town. 
Whether we wanted to admit it or not, com- 
petition would be keen. We had the inside 
track, however, since our men staff the 
local post office. Anyone who moves into 
town will be noticed first by the First 
Brethren Post Office of Nappanee! 

In discovering what our community 
needed, it was not sufficient for us to say, 
"Preach the gospel and win souls." Every 
evangelical church knows it must do this. 
We had to be more specific — to zero in on 
a target. Of course, our priority is to preach 
the gospel and win souls, but how would 
we do it? That was the big question. 

To help us answer this question, we 
sensed the need for some outside help. 
Therefore Nappanee First Brethren opened 
itself to the church growth movement and 
engaged Dr. Win Arn to hold a seminar for 
us. This was a pure step of faith. But with 
God's wonderful help, we were able to get 
Dr. Arn to come and hold a seminar on 
November 7 and 8, 1975. 

We used Dr. Arn as a cat- 
alyst. That's why we first 
engaged him. We set up no 
task force — we already had 
enough committees to stran- 
gle a horse. Another com- 
mittee (task force or what- 
ever) would've been one more 
flea on the miserable camel's 

What we did was introduce 
church growth in our Sunday 
school department. The pastor 
was asked to write a "Go and 
Grow Sunday School Lesson." 
This lesson was taught in all 
adult classes on January 4, 
1976. The purpose was "to 
instill into our people the con- 
scious need of church growth, 
and to stir this conscious need 
into real action." 


at Nappanee 



Average Worsli 

ip Total 




















This lesson was another in a long list of 
catalysts used to awaken First Brethren. 
We followed this with Evangelism Explo- 
sion, a seminar by Arden Gilmer, the 
Paul Steiners, etc. The place was bombarded 
with church growth principles. 

Out of this came home Bible studies. A 
study was originally started by the W.M.S. 
for women. But the men got jealous and 
wanted a study too. So a new couple in our 
church began the first couples Bible study 
group back in 1976 or '77. 'The group began 
with 10 or 12 (the usual size of a group). 
Out of that core group came more leaders 
and more enthusiasm for home Bible study, 
until the present size of around 150 people. 
These groups meet for two hours every 
other week. This is what we think works 
best for our community. We believe God 
led us into home Bible studies. 

There is so much more to tell about our 
church, but no space to say it. God is at 
work in the Nappanee Church. We're having 
fun here. We certainly have not been with- 
out our problems. We have strong leader- 
ship, which often presents problems. But 
together, in the body, with Christ the Head, 
a church can grow. Any church can grow 
if it is willing to pay the price. God help 

us if we aren't willing! 


^ X".s 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Invest in Gold! 

WHERE we invest our money today 
may make the difference between 
poverty and prosperity tomorrow. With this 
fact in mind, economists are advocating 
the purchase of gold, the most precious 
metal, as an unfailing source of increased 
worth. In God's economy He also makes 
available to us precious gold — ^The Golden 
Rule, which, without fail, produces great 

When Jesus admonished His disciples, 
'Therefore all things whatsoever ye would 
that men should do to you, do ye even so 
to them," He established a principle that, 
if followed, always brings rewards. This 
principle may find expression in our doing 
for others what we, in their positions, would 
appreciate having done for us — in love, 
sympathy, and provision of material 

As Brethren we too may live by this 
principle, entrusting our substance to a 
priceless commodity through our BENE- 
VOLENCE OFFERINGS, an investment in 
God's Gold. Many areas of need present 
themselves for our investments. 

Think of the countless people who can 
profit from our investments in His Gold 
and of the blessing that will accrue to us! 
Our giving can enable God to perform 

For example, at Flora, Indiana, elderly 
people have access to a friendly, commodi- 
ous dwelling, where they may be cared for, 
where they may enjoy one another's fellow- 
ship, and where they may receive friends 
and family as visitors. They constitute a 
community of individuals from 60 to 103, 
a fascinating family, loved and cared for 
by a devoted staff. These delightful elderly 
residents — many of them — enjoy reminisc- 
ing with one another about famous people, 
well-remembered events, quaint customs 
(being given Lydia Pinkham Vegetable 

Compound and using asafetida bags), as 
well as family exploits. They reflect the 
philosophy, *'Not what we have, but what 
we enjoy constitutes our abundance." 

Naturally, facilities such as these need 
subsidy, even though residents pay for their 
own support. The fact remains that, in 
addition to current expense which residents 
pay, equipment has a way of wearing out 
or breaking down, necessitating the expend- 
iture of additional, sizeable sums for their 
maintenance and renewal. Even the 35-year 
old elevator needs rebuilding. 

At present, the Flora Home has some 
apartments that cannot be rented until they 
are renovated and repaired. Here our 
benevolence could fill the need and bolster 
their income, making it possible to care for 
many more people. They deserve our help! 

At South Bend, Indiana, a brand new 
nursing home and retirement complex, 
called Topsfield Terrace, is in the making. 
These dwellings will include efficiency 
apartments, 1-bedroom and 2-bedroom 
units. Already 155 units have been reserved 
with deposits, and there is growing interest 
in the project now that construction has 
started. We'll hear further about this 
project later. 

At Brethren Care in Ashland, the resi- 
dence is filled to capacity most of the time, 
but needs for the physical plant continue 
to develop. The Board of Trustees recog- 
nizes the need for considerable expansion: 
activity areas, a chapel, more office space, 
increased dining space, and a larger kitchen. 
Inquiries are continually being received 
regarding availability of apartments. Be- 
cause of these needs, we are investigating 
the availability of funds to be used to pro- 
vide for these facilities. 

One resident of Brethren Care may bp of 
particular interest to many of us. Miss 
Mabel Parchman, former teacher at Lost 

Februaky 1980 


Creek's Riverside Christian Training 
School, now hves here. Mabel, a native of 
Tennessee, with a degree from a university 
in that state and graduate work as well, has 
taught at Lost Creek for more than twenty 
years. She likes to reminisce about her 
work there and about some of her reward- 
ing associations. She taught math, English, 
social studies, home economics, and various 
other courses wherever needed. 

Miss Mabel Parchman 

Upon being questioned, she admitted — 
and not with any complaint or self-pity — 
that for a number of years, besides room 
and board, the teachers there received only 
from fifteen to twenty-five dollars per 
month as salary — whatever remained after 
the bills were paid. In more recent years, 
that sum was raised to fifty dollars per 
month. Such commitment on the part of this 

dedicated teacher reflects a beautiful spirit 
of love and self-sacrifice. 

Last year Mabel suffered a stroke and 
is no longer able to teach, but lives an 
exemplary Christian life as a resident at 
Brethren Care. Indeed, in view of her stead- 
fast service, we Brethren owe this lovely 
lady a tremendous debt — and not gratitude 

Buckeye Apartments in Ashland, also 
sponsored by the Brethren Church, minis- 
ter to the needs of retired people, the ma- 
jority of whom are Brethren. Here, as infla- 
tion continues, the income being derived 
from the apartments is no longer sufficient 
to meet the increased operating expenses. It 
has not been possible to put in reserve funds 
to repay individual loans that were needed 
for construction. The residents are extended 
to the limits of their financial ability, and 
it is continually necessary to look for ways 
to decrease their financial burdens. 

Among the residents at Buckeye are Mr. 
and Mrs. Carl Denlinger, known to many of 
the Brethren. They spent most of their lives 
in Dayton, working and worshiping at the 
Hillcrest Brethren Church. This fine Chris- 
tian husband and wife have adjusted ad- 
mirably in their changed location and are 
proving to be a real asset at Buckeye. 

To be sure, there are others in this and 
like facilities who need our prayers, our 
love, and the advantages of our financial 
support. Truly, many of God's nobility live 
in these residences. Here, by making a 
pleasanter and more comfortable dwelling, 
we may invest ourselves and our substance 
in God's Gold. 

(continued on next page) 

• ' - — -T" 

Residents at 


Apartments are 

(left to right) 

Carl and Mary 

Denlinger, Rhea 



Neal, Bertha 

Caughey, Marie 

Becknell, Ann 

Slabie, Ruth 

and Royce 

Gates, and (not 

shown) Hattie 

Priser and 



Photo by Howard Mack 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Our gifts may provide dignity and mean- 
ing, not only to our lives as givers, but to 
the lives of others who will be spiritually 
and materially enriched by them. We may 
think of this ministry, not as a response to 
a request for our help, but as an opportun- 
ity to invest wisely. 

Let's ask ourselves, are we investing in 
gold, the precious metal of God's Rule: 
*'As ye would that men should do unto 
you . . ."? If so, the spiritual returns are 
assured. Jesus also said, 'Inasmuch as ye 
have done it unto one of the least of these 
... ye have done it unto me." What greater 
incentive could we have? There could be 
no greater investment. The value of His 
precious metal will not fluctuate or decline ! 
His Gold always pays dividends! □ 

, h" ..'. '■^"'' .i» ' -' -X 



V. f ~^iJ 


" ""^i 

^ &s^^}, 

Mr. & Mrs. Carl Denlinger 


Benevolent Care 

Improvements at the Brethren's Home 

FOR several years the Indiana District 
Woman's Missionary Society had as its 
goal raising money to purchase furnishings 
for a proposed chapel at the Brethren's 
Home in Flora, Indiana. This chapel was 
to be built in conjunction with the building 
program at the Home. The plans for the 
chapel/multi-purpose room fell prey to 
inflation during the building program, how- 
ever, and no immediate plans exist for con- 
structing the unit. 

Therefore at the Indiana District Confer- 
ence held in June of 1979, the women de- 
cided to give the existing project money to 

the Home to be used to put new roofs on the 
three apartment cottages at the Hom.e and 
to replace over 325 square yards of carpet 
and pad in the public areas in the entire 
south wing of the Health Care Center. 
Accordingly, the women donated $5352.47 
to the Brethren's Home. As of October 1979, 
$5200.00 of this amount had been used for 
the designated projects, with the remainder 
to be used to make some needed carpet 
repairs in several individual rooms. 

On August 21, the third fish fry 
was held at the Home to raise funds to 

(continued on next page) 

The three 
cottages at the 
Flora Brethren s 
Home hare 
ne)v roofs, 
thanks to the 
Indiana District 

}^^:&s-yi. W.M.S. 

February 1980 


news from the Brethren Church 

Former Brethren man saves neighbors' lives 

Atlantic City, N. J. — A former 
Brethren man, Kevin Mellott, 
was responsible for saving liis 
neighbors' lives in November, 
according to an account in an 
Atlantic City newspaper, The 

Mellott, who lives in Absecon, 
a suburb of Atlantic City, saw 
smoke pouring from the apart- 
ment of his neighbor. Bob Shep- 
person Sr. He called the police 
and fire departments, then went 
and banged on the neighbor's 
front door. He awakened Juan, 
Shepperson's seven-year-old son, 
who in turn awakened his 
father. Shepperson then aroused 

his other son, Mark, and the 
three of them escaped from the 
house. Shepperson's wife was 
not home at the time. 

*'If Juan hadn't roused me 
from my sleep, I would have 
been a dead man," Shepperson 
said, in recounting the incident. 

"And if my neighbor hadn't 
called the police and fire depart- 
ments and banged on my front 
door, I'm not sure whether Juan 
would have awakened himself. 

"All I know is that I am a 
very, very fortunate and grate- 
ful man. I'm fortunate that my 
sons and I weren't killed by the 
thick, black smoke that spread 


Ashland, Ohio — A new publica- 
tion — BYCommunicator — has 

been sent to pastors, ministers 
of Christian education, and BYC 
advisors by the Board of Chris- 
tian Education. The BYCoim- 
municator is an attempt to com- 
municate concerns of the BYC 
on the national level to the 
individuals who work with BYC 
groups on the local level. 

The publication will be pre- 
pared on an irregular basis de- 

pending on the current volume 
of concerns and programs. 

Individuals who would like to 
receive the BYComimiinicator 

but have not gotten it should 
write to the national Board of 
Christian Education office. 
There is no charge for the pub- 
lication because expenses are 
covered by the May Youth 
Offerings and BYC registration 

throughout the house and I'm 
grateiul that I had a neighbor 
who cared. 

"Today, all you hear about is 
people who don't want to get 
involved in anything. How they 
don't do a thing to help their 
fellow man. 

"As he proved, Kevin isn't 
that type of person." 

After Shepperson and his sons 
escaped from their house, 
Mellott took Juan and Mark 
inside his home. "Kevin also 
offered to let me and the chil- 
dren stay overnight with his 
family," Shepperson said. "He's 
only lived next to us for about 
seven months, but he's a fine, 
fine fellow. And he's certainly 
to be commended for his action. 
Although we didn't stay at his 
house, I appreciate everything 
he did for us. It was real 

Before moving to Absecon, 
Kevin was an active member of 
the Vinco Brethren Church. His 
wife, Lillian, is the daughter of 
Rev. and Mrs. Henry Bates. Rev. 
Bates is pastor of the Wayne 
Heights Brethren Church. 

Since moving to Absecon, Mr. 
and Mrs. Mellott have become 
very active in a small Baptist 

The Brethren's Home 

(continued from previous page) 

develop a patio area between the north and 
south wings of the Health Care Center. 
Over $1329.00 was raised by the dinner, and 
to date one patio has been constructed and 
100 feet of chain-link fence installed. 
Another covered patio is also planned, as 
well as landscaping for the entire area. 
Donations for trees and shrubbery are 
being accepted to finish developing the 

One of the cottages that was recently 
re-roofed is presently being used by Breth- 

ren Village apartment residents as a craft 
room and workshop until funds are avail- 
able to completely renovate the unit for 
two additional apartments. Funds are also 
needed to rebuild the 35-year-old elevator 
in the two-story apartment house. 

The Board of Directors of the Brethren's 
Home is currently looking for individuals 
who would be willing to donate or loan 
money to the Home so that these projects 
can be completed. Interested individuals 
may contact either the administrator of the 
Brethren's Home (phone 219-967-4571) or 
the board president. Rev. Austin Gable 
(phone 317-689-7111). Q 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Mabel Hepler honored by Berlin Brethren Church 

Berlin, Pa. — The Berlin Brethren 
Church honored Mrs. Mabel 
Hepler on December 16, 1979, 
by observing Mabel Hepler Sun- 
day in the Sunday school hour 
and during the morning worship 
service. Mrs. Hepler was being 
honored as she prepared to 
leave on December 21st for 
Tampa, Florida, where she is 
now serving as a tentmaker in 
the new Town and Country 
Brethren Church. 

Since Mrs. Hepler is providing 
her own expenses while in 
Florida, the adult Sunday school 
classes presented her with a 
check from each class during 
the worship service. During 
Sunday school, Doyle E. Paul, 
superintendent, presented her 
with a book entitled God's Means 
of Grace. A poem written by 
Margaret Rice Cole was also 
read and dedicated to Mrs. 

Hepler by Rev. Ralph E. Mills, 
pastor of the Berlin Church. 

Mrs. Hepler has been a mem- 
ber of the Berlin Brethren 
Church for 56 years. During 
these years she has been active 
as a Sunday school teacher, a 
member of W.M.S., in charge 
of Signal Lights, a deaconess, 
and a part of the women's 
quilting fellowship. 

Mrs. Hepler and her late hus- 
band John (who passed away 
June 4, 1979) had three children, 
John, Jr., Dorothy, and Dan. 
John, Jr., and Dan and their 
families were present for the 
presentations. Dorothy, who 
lives in Iowa, was unable to 

The Berlin Brethren Church 
asks you to join with its mem- 
bers in offering your prayers 
for Mabel as she serves her Lord 
in Tampa, Fla. Her address is 

Mabel Hepler, 5715 Memorial 
Highway, Apt. 8, Tampa, FL 

— Donna L. Paul 

Ashland College renovafes 
student center 

Ashland, Ohio— Ashland College 
began renovation of its Patter- 
son Student Center in January. 
The renovation is being made 
possible through the generosity 
of Mrs. Charles Kates, who is 
carrying out the wishes of her 
late husband. 

Charles "Chic" Kates, a form- 
er trustee of AC and president 
of U-Brand Corporation in Ash- 
land, died October 25, 1978, be- 
fore he could carry out his plans 
for renovation of the student 
center. Mrs. Kates' gift of 
$150,000 to carry out his plans 
will be donated over the next 
three years. The amount is being 
matched by students and friends 
of the college. 

The first phase of the reno- 
vation, completed in January, 
concentrated on the first floor 
of the center, with the remodel- 
ing and redecorating of the 
snack bar and lounge area. In- 
cluded in the redecorating were 
now carpet, drapery, lounge 
furniture, and a six-foot round 


Supervising the remodeling 
and redecorating was Dorman 
Ronk, a private contractor who 
is a member of the Park Street 
Brethren Church. He was helped 
by approximately 20 AC stu- 
dents who spent their semester 

Photo by M. Geneva Altfather 
Doyle Paul, S.S. superintendent 
of the Berlin Church, presents 
Mabel Hepler with a copy of 
God's Means of Grace on 
"Mabel Hepler Sunday." 

break working on the project. 

The second phase of the reno- 
vation, tentatively slated for the 
fall of this year, will concentrate 
on redecoration of the second 
floor of the center. The front 
entrance of the building is also 
scheduled for improvement. 

BCE offers six-monrh trial membership 

i^ Association of Brefliren Chyrch Teachers 

The Board of Christian Edu- 
cation is offering membership 
in the Association of Brethren 
Church Teachers to Brethren on 
a six-month trial basis, April 
through September 1980. 

The ABCT provides persons 
interested in Christian educa- 
tion and the total discipling 
process three primary tools of 
discipleship training. They are: 
— KEY magazine, published 
quarterly (at a retail price 
of 75 cents), with extensive 
teacher training ideas; 

—The ABCT Newsletter, pub- 
lished monthly except July 
and August, providing re- 
sources and news about CE 
and youth from throughout 
the Brethren denomination; 

—Reduced rates at the ABCT 
workshops conducted each 
year in the various districts of 
the denomination. (The 1980 
workshops will be held in the 
There is an advertisement 

and application form elsewhere 

in this issue of the Evang-elist. 

February 1980 


James Black installed as pasfor 
of Hillcresf Brethren Church 

Dayton, Ohio — ^A service of in- 
stallation was held for Rev. 
James Black, the new pastor of 
the Hillcrest Brethren Church 
of Dayton, on Sunday morning, 
November 25th. Even though 
Pastor Black has been at the 
Hillcrest Church since August, 
the formal service of installation 
was postponed until Thanksgiv- 
ing vacation weekend. 

The speaker for the service 
of worship and installation was 
Dr. Fred Burkey, Director of 
Religious Affairs and Campus 
Ministry at Ashland College. Dr. 
Burkey also issued the charge 
to the pastor and conducted the 
formal installation. 

Assisting in the service were 
Jim and Susie Black, son and 
daughter-in-law of the pastor, 
and John Black, another of the 
pastor's sons. Also participating 
in the service were: Mrs. Dan 
Stanley, moderator; Mr. Ken 
Buckey, trustee chairman; Mrs. 
Douglas Carter, soloist; Mr. 
Herschel Winfield, deacon; Mrs. 
Ken Buckey, organist; and Mrs. 
Myron Kem, pianist. 

Photo by Mr. Fred Nieiman 

The Black family — (left to right) Barb, Jim, Mrs. Shirley, daughter- 
in-law Susie, Rev. Jim, John, and Glenn. 

The day began with a coffee 
and doughnut fellowship prior to 
Sunday school. Following the 
worship service, a number of 

friends and members of the 
church joined the families of 
Pastor Black and Dr. Burkey for 
dinner at a local restaurant. 

New organ dedicated at Pleasant View Church 

VandeirgTift, Pa. — The Pleasant 
View Brethren Church of Van- 
dergrift dedicated its new organ 
on Sunday evening, November 
25, 1979. 

Rev. William Brewer, pastor 
of the neighboring Reformation 
Lutheran Church, played an 
organ concert during the dedica- 
tion service. He performed a 
variety of music to demonstrate 
the various stops and sounds of 
the organ. 

The new instrument is a 
Hammond 16462 Church Organ. 

Thelma Fish, organist for the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church, 
sits at the church's new Ham- 
mond organ. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

ANNOUmilSG . . . 



Association of Brethren Church Teachers 

ABCT is the formula for new help in building the body of 

believers in Brethren churches: 

ABCT Newsletter (10 times/year) 
ABCT Seminars 
Key Magazine (4 times/year) 
Sunday School Consultations 
J General Conference Workshops 

All this adds up to a more effective discopling 
ministry through you in your church! 

Join ABCT right now, and try the special 6-month trial membership. Fill in the coupon 
below and send it with your check today. 

Pastor — write to us if you are interested in having a group of your Sunday School and 
Youth Workers Staff join. We have special rates for "Church Memberships." 

To: ABCT, 524 College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44005 

Please enter my membership in ABCT! My check is enclosed for: 
6 months — $3.00 18 months — $8.00 

Name: Home church: 

Address: Apt. Current position held in the church: 

$4.50 AND $12.00 


North Liberty welcomes 
new pastor, 

North Liberty, Ind.— The First 
Brethren Church of North Lib- 
erty got a head start on the new 
decade with several exciting 

The first of these took place 
on Friday evening, September 
14, when the North Liberty 
Brethren welcomed their new 
pastoral family. Rev. Bill Brady, 
his wife Lynne, and their two 
sons, Billy and Bryan, arrived 
just in time for the special 

It was an evening of excite- 
ment as a new era of ministry 
was beginning. It was also a 
time to say thank you smd good- 
bye to Rev. Mike Hurd and his 
family, who had faithfully led 
the congregation during the 
summer months. 

October was designated prayer 
month for the new ministry in 
the church. Each day a specific 
area of ministry on the local, 
district, or national level was 
pinpointed for prayer. The 
church family prayed daily for 
God to move in the churcli and 
in the denomination. 

But the North Liberty Breth- 
ren not only prayed, they put 
"feet" to their prayers. They 
visited, made phone calls, and 
mailed special flyers inviting 
friends, neighbors, relatives, and 
former attenders to the church. 
Flyers were also placed in local 
stores and shops. The commun- 
ity knew the church was in 
business for the Lord. 

To examine the results, Octo- 
ber 28 was designated as Rally 
Day. On that Sunday, attend- 
ance for the worship service was 
the highest it had been for sev- 
eral years. Also on that day 
four young men were baptized 
and two babies were dedicated 
to the Lord. And the newly 
formed adult choir shared good 
news in song. According to 
Pastor Brady, it was truly a 

North Liberty's 

new pastor, Rev. 

Bill Brady, with 

son Bryan, and 

Dale Dreessen 

(right), one of 

four young men 

baptized on Rally 

Day, October 

28, 1979. 

great day as the Brethren saw 
the Lord answering their 
prayers and honoring their 
work. The day concluded with 
an inspiring Lord's Supper in 
the evening. 

The 83rd anniversary of the 
church provided cause for cele- 
bration in November. November 
17 and 18 were celebrated as 
Anniversary Weekend. The 
weekend activities began with 
an All-Church Banquet on Satur- 
day evening. Following the din- 
ner, which was prepared by the 
ladies of the church. Rev. Nat 
Nichols challenged the congre- 
gation with an inspiring mes- 
sage from God's Word. Rev. 
Nichols, who now lives in Por- 

tage, Ind., became a Christian 
behind the Iron Curtain in his 
native Hungary. 

Sunday morning of Anniver- 
sary Weekend was also excit- 
ing, with the adult choir under 
the direction of Lynne Brady 
sharing a musical testimony. 
But perhaps the highlight of the 
weekend was the Sunday eve- 
ning service. Pastor Brady led 
the congregation in an inspiring 
time of rededication during a 
candlelighting service. 

Following this service, the 
Brethren enjoyed a birthday 
party for the church. Mrs. 
Arlene Oberly provided a beau- 
tiful, three-tiered cake, and 
(continued on next page) 

A candlelight rededication service concluded Anniversary Weekend, 
November 17th and 18th. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Tom Schiefer appointed director of music 
for 1980 Crusader ■ Internship program 

Ashland, Ohio — ^^The Board of 
Christian Education has an- 
nounced the appointment of 
Tom Schiefer as director of 
music for the 1£80 Crusader and 
Intern program. Tom will work 
with all aspects of the music 
involved in the program, with 
particular attention to the mu- 
sical team. He will begin his 
responsibilities immediately, 
with the process of selecting 
music and related materials. 

Tom is a 1979 graduate of 
Ashland College, from which he 
received a bachelor of music 
degree. During his college years 

he was active in the college choir 
and band, and also had leading 
roles in musical productions of 
the theater department. Also 
while in college he was presi- 
dent of the Ohio Student Music 
Education Association. In the 
fall of 1979 Tom joined the 
faculty of Crestline Schools 
near Ashland, where he heads 
the high school music. 

Last August Tom married 
Julie Slabaugh of Goshen, Ind., 
and both are now members of 
the Park Street Brethren 


BYC theme posters 

The Board of Christian Edu- 
cation is making a four-color 
theme poster available to BYC 
members at a cost that is below 
retail price. By buying in quan- 
tity, the board was able to get 
a price break on the posters; 
and when BYC groups order the 
poster in quantity from the 

Nor^h Liberf'y 

members of the congregation 
supplied pictures of past days 
in the church's 83-year history. 

During December the church 
experienced additional chal- 
lenges. Activities included din- 
ners and Christmas celebrations, 
and the annual Christmas pa- 
geant presented by the children 
and the adult choir. 

As the North Liberty Brethren 
Church enters the eighties, 
plans include Wednesday Family 
Nights, programs for children, 
youth, and adults, and an em- 
phasis on visitation. The mem- 
bers of the North Liberty 
Church believe that God has 
some great challenges for them 
in the eighties, and they are 
prepared to accept these chal- 

BCE, that price break is passed 
on to them. 

An advertisement and order 
form for the poster appears 
elsewhere in this issue of the 

Mr. Tom Schiefer 


Hatfield introdyces 
Nafional Gleaning Bill" 

Washinigton, D.C. — Senator 
Mark Hatfield (I^-Oreg.) has in- 
troduced a "National Gleaning 
Bill" (S. 1384) into the Senate. 
The bill would amend the IRS 
code to provide farmers a tax 
incentive to donate surplus, un- 
harvested, damaged, or other- 
wise wasted food to non-profit, 
charitable organizations for dis- 
tribution to the poor and needy. 
The bill is reminiscent of the 

Old Testament law requiring 
the Israelites to open their land 
to the poor to glean. According 
to General Accounting Office 
estimates, 60 million tons of 
food are lost each year in har- 
vests, and 137 million tons are 
lost between the farm and super- 
market shelves. 

At last report. Senator Hat- 
field's bill had gone nowhere, 
except to a committee. 

Director of Ch. Ed. available 
for VBS consultations 

Ashland, Ohio — ^Charles Beekley, 
Director of the Board of Chris- 
tian Education, is available to 
meet with pastors and VBS 
directors in churches that are 
considering the use of the Gos- 
pel Light VBS curriculum. Mr. 
Beekley will review with inter- 
ested persons the 1980 VBS pro- 
gram offered by Gospel Light 
for pre-schoolers through adults. 
The Gospel Light theme for 

1980 is "Jesus and You: The 
Winning Team." Gospel Light is 
the only publisher of VBS ma- 
terial that has the endorsement 
of the General Conference and 
the Board of Christian Educa- 

These consultations are being 
offered in conjunction with The 
Carpenter's Shop, and ordering 
information will be available. 

Februaey 1980 




Donna Sue Kokoski to John Michael Bowling:, 

January 4, at the Oak Hill, W. Va., First Brethren 
Church; William Skeldon, pastor, officiating. Mem- 
bers of the Oak Hill First Brethren Church. 
Kathy Widaier to Tim Fogle, December 29, at the 
Berlin, Pa., Brethren Church; Ralph E. Mills, 
pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the Berlin 
Brethren Church. 

Penny Suder to Joseph Lyn Deem, December 8, 
at the Berlin, Pa., United Church of Christ. Groom 
a member of the Berlin Brethren Church. 
Joan McKinney to David Bloom, November 24, at 
the Tucson, Ariz., First Brethren Church; Clarence 
Stogsdill, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 
the Tucson First Brethren Church. 
Debra Ann Wion to Kenneth Lee Fox, November 
16. Groom a member of the Waterloo, Iowa, First 
Brethren Church. 

Lee Ann Lamb to Kevin Sohultz, October 6, at the 
Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church; Ronald 
L. Waters, pastor, officiating. Members of the 
Waterloo First Brethren Church. 

Christine Scheller to Robert Glessner, September 
8, at the Berlin, Pa., Brethren Church; Ralph E. 
Mills, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the 
Berlin Brethren Church. 


. . . please let us know. 

1. Give old address: 



City State 
2. Fill in new address below: 




City State 


Date new address in effect 

3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 


Raymond and Thelma Doiig:lass, 55th, January 25. 

Mrs. Douglass a member of the Flora, Ind., First 

Brethren Church, and Mr. Douglass a member of 

the Church of the Brethren. 

Mervin and Gladys Hinsoh, 57th, January 16. 

Members of the South Bend, Ind., First Brethren 


Virgfil and Ethel DeMike, 57th, January 16. Mem- 
bers of the South Bend, Ind., First Brethren 

Bert and Anna Nordblad, 59th, January 15th. 
Members of the South Bend, Ind., First Brethren 

Mr. & Mrs. Harry A. Leidy, 57th, January 3. 
Members of the Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral 
Point, Pa. 

Mr. & Mrs. Webster Foor, Sr., 50th, December 30. 
Members of the Berlin, Pa., Brethren Church. 
Galan and Odessa Sluss, 50th, December 22. Mem- 
bers of the Louisville, Ohio, First Brethren 

Roy and Olla Clem, 60th, November 27. Members 
of the Maurertown, Va., Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Mrs. Millie Brown, 94, January 1. A member for 
76 years of the Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren 
Church. Services by Ronald L. Waters, pastor. 
Mrs. Gladys Flora, 83, December 25. A member of 
the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services 
by Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 

Mrs. Leta M. Roscoe, 81, December 21. A member 
of the South Bend, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Ella Brown, 105, December 14. A member since 
October 1900 of the Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren 
Church. Services by Ronald L. Waters, pastor. 
Merl Harris, 41, December 6. A member of the 
Dutchtown Brethren Church, Route 1, Warsaw, 
Ind. Services by Jim Sluss, pastor. 

Edith Miller, 66, December 3. Life-long member of 
the Cerro Gordo, 111., Brethren Church. Services 
by Stephen Cole, pastor. 

Robert Miller, 57, November 6. A member of the 
Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church. Services 
by Ronald L. Waters, pastor. 

Bryon Nixon, 76, November 4. A member of the 
Oakville, Ind., Brethren Church. Services by Wes 
Ellis, pastor, and Arthur Tinkel. 

Membership Growth 

Cerro Gordo: 14 by baptism, 5 by transfer 

North Manchester: 7 by baptism 

Corinth: 2 by baptism 

Oakville: 8 by baptism, 3 by transfer 


The Brethren Evangelist 

When catasfropbes occur in fbe U.S., Brethren people 
can now provide on-fhe-scene assistance through . . . 

Domestic Disaster Relief 

by Phil Lersch 

PLANS are well underway to enable us 
in the Brethren Church to respond in 
practical ways when a disaster hits a com- 
munity here in our continental United 

The World Relief Board is laying the 
groundwork so that we might be prepared 
to help ... on short notice! It's the kind of 
preparation we hope we'll never need to 
use. But Wichita Falls, Jackson, Hurricane 
David, Xenia, Hurricane Frederick, County 
Line, Mobile, and Johnstown have taught 
us otherwise. 

As announced at the 1979 General Con- 
ference, we have been invited to fit into the 
already-organized Domestic Disaster Kelief 
network of the Church of the Brethren. A 
friend of mine, R. Jan Thompson (at New 
Windsor, Maryland), is the program coor- 
dinator. (I first met Jan in 1955 in Vienna, 
Austria, when Jean and I worked for a 
summer in a refugee camp near there. Jan 
and some other Brethren and Mennonite 
volunteers were rebuilding a bombed-out 
elementary school. So his concern and 
experience cover several years of service.) 

In January, I mailed a cover letter and 
a packet of materials to the pastors and 
moderators of all our Brethren churches. 
This literature outlined our anticipated 
involvement and gave resources (some 
audio-visual) for use in your local church. 
Now, answering the following questions 
may be a helpful way of informing more 
of you of these opportunities for demon- 
strating compassion in the name of Christ 
and the church. 

Where Are the Projects 

In recent months and years Church of 
the Brethren volunteers have served in such 
places as: 

Rev. Lersch is chairman of the Brethren World 
Relief Board. 

Jackson, Miss. 
Frankfort, Ky. 
Johnstown, Pa. 
Boston, Mass. 

Peoria, 111. 
Wichita Falls, Tex. 
Rochester, Minn. 
Mobile, Ala. 

How Are Volunteers Informed? 

As soon as a disaster hits, either Jan 
Thompson or a trained volunteer goes on 
location to survey the damage and ascertain 
the need for volunteers. 

That person on location contacts the Red 
Cross or other organizations (to eliminate 
duplication at the disaster site and aid in 
communication between other volunteer 
agencies). They attempt to have assign- 
ments prepared so that when volunteers 
arrive they can begin work immediately. 
(Note: This doesn't always happen due 
to the nature of disasters. Therefore vol- 
unteers must be able to "roll with the 
punches." Disasters are such that the situa- 
tion changes constantly or they would not 
be disasters. People need to be aware of 
this when responding.) 

Then emergency phone calls are made to 
the Church of the Brethren District Dis- 
aster Coordinators informing them of the 
disaster location, the kinds of volunteers 
especially needed, travel coordination plans, 
etc. The District Coordinators activate the 
system of notifying their local churches — 
particularly in areas where it is geograph- 
ically possible that some workers might 

It is at this point that some of our 
Brethren churches might receive a call in 
the future from a District Coordinator. The 
names and addresses of all our Brethren 
pastors, moderators, and world relief con- 
tact persons have been assigned to the 
appropriate Church of the Brethren District 

A van of clean-up workers (male and 
female) may leave for the troubled area 

Februaky 1980 


within 48 hours. Or some follow-up workers 
a week later. Or funds will be needed to 
feed and transport the volunteers. 

Of course, this whole new venture of 
Christian mission for us is entirely volun- 
tary. The World Relief Board is just pleased 
to help establish the channels so that those 
Brethren who want to help will now have 
an effective, well-organized opportunity to 
do so. 

What Is Done? 

There are three distinct phases of the 
relief efforts: 

1. IMPACT (Immediate) — Involves 
cleaning mud out of homes (labeled "mud- 
ding out") , tearing out saturated wallboard, 
removing soaked and ruined inside fixtures, 
cleaning up tornado debris, making tem- 
porary repairs (like patching roofs), help- 
ing families return to their homes as soon 
as possible, cooking and washing for volun- 
teers, assisting with food and clothing dis- 
tribution, etc. Both skilled and unskilled 
volunteers are needed for this cleaning up 

Jan Thompson writes, "During the clean- 
ing up process it is very important that the 
volunteers be sensitive to the emotional and 
spiritual aspect of the disaster victims, and 
we encourage our volunteers to take the 
time to listen and to be sensitive to the loss 
that the victim is feeling at that time." 

2. RECOIL (2 to 4 weeks later) — Only 
so many volunteers can be organized and 
given work immediately after the disaster. 
But after that first wave of workers leaves, 
others are needed to come in and keep the 
clean-up and repair going. This is a time 
when many of the victims may feel the most 
discouraged. When they are really confront- 
ed with the magnitude and reality of their 
loss, they need people who care enough to 
be there and work with them. 

3. RECOVEKY (1 month to several 
years after the disaster) — Requires more 
highly-skilled volunteers to work in build- 
ing repair. For example, a long-term pro- 
gram continues in the one-year-old Missis- 
sippi flood area as volunteers repair and/ 
or rebuild homes of the elderly or minority 
people who can't rebuild themselves. There 
is need for construction, painting, dry wall, 
finish work, debris removal, etc., in many 
places for a long time. 

Who Are the Volunteers? 

About 75% are retirees (men and 
women). Some others are self-employed 
who can leave town for a few days at a 
time. Others are full-time employees who 
have arranged with their employers to use 
accumulated vacation time on short-notice 
when a disaster strikes. Some churches 
have let pastors volunteer, assuming respon- 

sibility themselves for the Sunday services. 
Often these pastors return with renewed 
enthusiasm and vision which has enlivened 
local congregations with a new sense of 
ministry to people. It can and does happen! 
People go for varying amounts of time — 
from a few days or one week to several 
weeks. The number of volunteers on any 
one project varies from 5 or 10 up to 40 
or 50 at a time. When the interest is there, 
sharing can take place in the evenings when 
the day's work is over. 

What About Expenses and Housmg? 

It has been the practice for the Church 
of the Brethren to provide the housing and 
lodging costs for the volunteers once they 
arrive at the project. We will be asked to 
share in these overhead expenses. But the 
individual volunteer or his/her local church 
or district is encouraged to provide the 
travel expenses for the volunteers from 
their home to the disaster site itself. 

The volunteers are normally housed in 
some type of mass shelter accommodations. 
If the Red Cross has established mass 
shelters for the disaster victims during the 
"Impact" state, then volunteers normally 
stay in those shelters and eat the Red Cross 
food which is provided for victims as well 
as for disaster workers. Following the clos- 
ing of the shelters, attempts are made to 
use church fellowship halls or a local church 
camp. Red Cross or Civil Defense cots are 
often used for beds. 

What Are the Values? 

Values cannot be predetermined, but ex- 
perience verifies the obvious: There are 
benefits to those aided (many of whom 
have very little with which to begin again), 
to the volunteers (for it can be a life-chang- 
ing experience), and to the local church 
(especially when they are involved with 
support and prayers). We'll attempt to 
share more about personal experiences in 
the future. 

How About You? 

It will take awhile to get a new program 
like this coordinated and in operation. A 
place for you to begin is to notify your 
pastor or moderator of your interest in vol- 
unteering at the time of a disaster (if you 
can get away at that time). Then when a 
call comes from a District Coordinator, 
there will be a pool of names at each church 
to contact. 

If a few respond at first, interest will 
grow. This is just one more, particularly 
effective, means of extending our Christ- 
compassion to others — at times when they 
need the church's caring and witness most 
in meaningful ways. 



The Brethren Evangelist 


As church growth thinking influences more people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARN, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Question. What can we do to direct our officers 
and "pillars" in the church more toward growth? 

Answer. It is easy for leadership to turn in- 
ward and become preoccupied with institutional 
and maintenance goals. Their eyes for seeing lost 
people can easily develop "cataracts" — ^we call it 
"people blindness." Consider these steps for re- 
moving "cataracts." 

1. Develop a clear statement of purpose — a 
philosophy of ministry — for your church; one that 
directly relates the church and its reason for 
existence to God's unswerving purpose — the 
redemption of lost mankind. 

2. Translate this purpose into measurable 
goals — goals which become the basis for priorities, 
programming, and organization in the church. 

3. Evaluate progress, on a regular basis, as it 
relates to achieving these goals. 

4. Celebrate accomplishment. Enjoy success 
and achievement in reaching these goals. People 
are inspired and grow personally When they see 
tangible evidence of God's blessing in their 

The church that takes these steps will develop 
a unity of purpose, a sense of accomplishment, 
meaningful involvement of members, and, if re- 
lated to God's purpose of reaching lost men and 
women, a growing church. 

Question. How large should a church staff be 
and what position should be added first? 

Answer. One reason many churc'hes plateau 
is because of inadequate staff . . . insufficient 
laborers to bring in the harvest. Staff to train 
and deploy laity is essential for growth. 

Concerning the size of a church staff, the fol- 
lowing guidelines may prove helpful: 

Average Attendance 



at Worship 

Professional Staff 

Professional Staff 
















This pattern continues as the church grows. 

The first professional staff added after the 
pastor should be a person in evangelism/church 
growth. There is no question about this! Such a 

person, if he knows his church growth principles 
and serves as an effective enabler in helping the 
laity use their gifts for ministry, will be blessed 
of God and the church will grow. 

As the church grows, so will the income, there- 
by enabling the churdh to add additional staff. 
If, however, a youth director, Christian education 
director, music director, etc., is added as the first 
professional person after the pastor, his work is 
usually internal. Additional people are not reached 
in sufficient numbers for the budget to grow to 
keep the church and staff growing, and a plateaued 
church is often the result. 

Copyright 1979 

Bits 'n Pieces 

For the second year in a row, the BYC of tlie 
Pleasant View Brethren Church won the Father 
Gervais Plaque for making the largest contri- 
bution to Pittsburgh's Children's Hospital. (See 
the October 1979 Evang-ejist, page 25.) They 
contributed $1445.00, far more than any other 

Ella Brown, the oldest member of the Waterloo, 
Iowa, First Brethren Church, passed away on 
December 14, 1979. She was 105. She and mem- 
bers of her family made four generations who 
were members of the Waterloo Brethren Church, 
plus some of her great great grandchildren also 

The W.M.S. No. 1 and W.M.S. No. 2 of the 
First Brethren Church of Flora, Ind., each gave 
$100 for the mission work in Mexico recently. 

Thirteen children were dedicated recently at 
the Masontown, Pa., Brethren Church. 

Revival services were held Nov. 25 to Dec. 2 
at the First Brethren Church of Oak Hill, W. Va. 

Rev. Herbert Gilmer was the evangelist. Several 
first4ime confessions were made, and seven 
people received anointing in two anointing 

Rev. and Mrs. Albert Curtright and the deacon 
and deaconess of the Cheyenne, Wyo., Brethren 
Church entertained 60 members of the congrega- 
tion with a Thanksgiving and appreciation supper 
on Sunday evening, Nov. 18. 

January 1980 



Advisors ■ 

Look at This! 

It's a theme poster for the 1979-80 
theme "Following . . . THE WAY." It's 
yours for only $1.00, plus 30^ postage 
and handling. OR, better yet, send us 
on order for 10 or more fro the same 
address, and we'll pay fhe postage. 
The theme poster is I4"x2l" and in 
full color. Fill in the coupon and get it 
off to us right away. We have them in 
stock, and they'll be shipped to you a 
day after we get your order. 

Paymenf must accompany order. 



Address : 

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30<t^ postage each. (On orders of 10 or 
more, BCE will pay the postage.) 

Clip and send to Posters, Board of Christian Education, 524 College Avenue, 
Ashland, OH 448O5. 

The 38th 



of the National 
of Evangelicals 

(Featuring a special pastors' day 
and a closing banquet 
commemorating the 200th 
anniversary of the Sunday School.) 

Match 4-6, 1980 

Hyatt House Hotel Los Angeles 
Internationa! Airport, Los Angeles, 

/tfonq in the 


to/erve in the 



































1— • 









1— « 

»— ' 










'r^The Brethren ^ • - 


March 1980 

Here is your chance fo see 


(An opportunity presented only once every ten years) 

And to take either of these two tours 

A classic journey to 
Italy, Austria, v=7ermany, 

Liechtenstein, Switzerland, 

and Schwarzenau, West Germany* 

Dates: July 17 - August 2, 1980 
Cost: $1,827 

Or a journey to 

The Holy Land 

Gernnany, France, 

Liechtenstein, Switzerland, 

and Schwarzenau, West Germany* 

Dates: July 17 - August 2, 1980 
Cost: $1,827 

* Schwarzenau, a beautiful little town on the Eider River, 
where Alexander Mack and his followers gave birth to the 
Brethren Church, has been added to the tour itinerary especially 
for Brethren people. 

Sponsored by Ashland Theological Seminary 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

For information call C419) 289-4004 

hook review 

A Handbook 
for Disaster Relief 

Disaster Response: A Handbook for Church 
Action by John C. Bush (Herald Press, 1979, 160 
pp., $4.95 paperback). 

"Occasionally nature comes crashing through 
all of our defenses and confronts us with the 
naked power of wind and driving rain, of twisting 
and grinding forces which transform our familiar 
surroundings into grim reminders of gigantic 
battlefields," observes John C. Bush in his new 
book, Disaster Response: A Handbook for 
Church Action. 

Bush shares his know-how with church groups 
interested in developing a cooperative Christian 
ministry to persons and communities affected by 

"The suffering of Christ makes the church 
sensitive to the sufferings of people, so that she 
is able to see the face of her Lord in the faces of 
people in need," says the author. 

In light of this, we — the church — should be 
ready to respond when disaster strikes. 

This book is very enlightening for those who 
have never experienced or been close to a disaster. 
The emotional experience following a disaster is 
similar to a grief experience following the death 
of a loved one, and it is imperative that those 
involved in a disaster work through the stages 
of grief to recover without lingering emotional 
effects. The church can be a great help in this 
area of their lives. 

The author discusses long-range planning for 
disaster readiness, how people react to disasters, 
and models for disaster ministries. He shares 
observations from inter-church involvement in 
natural disasters in Kentucky, central Mississippi, 
Xenia, Ohio, and Topeka, Kansas. 

Disaster Response includes an 80-page "Direc- 
tory of Resources" giving names, addresses, and 
telephone numbers of government, private, and 
church agencies ready to respond in a disaster 

Churches would find this a valuable resource in 
planning should a disaster take place. 

— ^Carolyn Waters 

Mrs. Waters is a member of the First Brethren 
Church of Waterloo, Iowa, and a member of the 
Brethren World Relief Board. This book and 
Carolyn's review are timely contributions to our 
thinking as the World Relief Board initiates a plan 
for Brethren involvement in Domestic Disaster 

The Brethren Evangelist 

■ ^ The Brethren ^ • j 


In its 102nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. 


Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
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Single-copy price: 75^ 
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Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
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Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
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with query tips is available upon written 

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Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 



The 1980s call each of us to 
renewed commitment to the 
Great Commission in order that 
our generation of believers may 
reach this generation of people 
with the gospel. See pages 

Vol. 102, No. 3 March 1980 

Focusing on fhe Word 
4 Knowing God Betfer 

Terry Lodico explains the great truths in Ephesians 1:15-23 
and relates them to our lives. 

6 The Old Testament Basis 

for Threefold Communion 

Joseph Kickasola presents Threefold Communion as the cere- 
monial fulfillment to the Old Testament sacrificial procedure. 

* ^ ^ < 



rid Missions 
Let's Keep Pressing On 

Rev. Virgil Ingraham sets forth Brethren mission objectives 
for the 1980s. 

Colombian Brethren Church Ordains First Pastor 

A report of the second Annual Conference of the Colombian 
Brethren Church, by missionary Kenneth Solomon. 

Brethren Clinic Meets Need 

During Doctors' Strike 

Many more patients visited the Brethren Mission Free Clinic 
in India during a recent doctors' strike. 

Bearing Good News to Pushkaram Pilgrims 

Prasanth Kumar reports on the witness of the Brethren Mission 
in India during a Hindu religious festival. 

Lord, Please Give Me Rest! 

Maria Miranda finds God-given rest while serving His people in 
Tijuana, Mexico. 

A Visit to Mexico City 

Maria Miranda takes us on a visit to our mission work in 
Mexico City. 

Good News from Malaysia 

David Loi shares good news of a new believer, additional work- 
ers, and answered prayer in Malaysia. 

> i*C ^ < 


Book Review 
The Sdt Shaker 

27 People Are Asking . . . 

» ^•^ < 


This issue contains an extended article by Dr. Joseph Kickasola 
on "The Old Testament Basis for Threefold Communion." This 
article, written by a Bible scholar who is not Brethren, should be of 
particular interest to Brethren people. It deserves our careful study, 
both individually , and in groups on Sunday evening or in the mid- 
week meeting. 

March 1980 

j7r(J7 1 

Focusing on the Word 

Knowing God Better 

Terry Lodico explains the great truths in Ephesians 1:15-23 
and relates them to our lives. 

TT is glorious to experience the presence of 
the Lord. He is ahve and active. We can 
know Him, feel His presence, and sense His 
love, wisdom, and might. He cares for us 
and desires that our hearts be full of His 
abiding love. And His loving presence gives 
us confidence in His guiding hand. We be- 
come aware of His firm grasp of all circum- 
stances, which He channels for our good. 

With this awareness we cannot help but 
radiate the glory and joy of the Lord. We 
cannot help but feel good about ourselves. 
And we cannot help but share and testify 
to the world of God's great goodness. 

It is about this which we believers inherit, 
experience, and proclaim that the Apostle 
Paul speaks in Ephesians 1:15-23. Writing 
to the saints in and around Ephesus he 
states : 

For this reason I too, having heard of the 
faith in the Lord Jesus which exists among 
you, and your love for all the saints, do not 
cease giving thanks for you, while making 
mention of you in my prayers (vv. 15, 16 — 

Paul is delighted with what he has heard 
concerning the faith and love of these Chris- 
tians. He is pleased because of the benefits 
they will continue to receive as they grow in 
Christ. Moreover, he rejoices, for God is 
being glorified and honored through them. 

Yet, in all of Paul's excitement, he has 
a prayer of concern. He assures them of his 
support by writing: 

Rev. Lodico is pastor of the Medina Bible 
Fellowship, the new Brethren church being estab- 
lished in Medina, Ohio, by the Ohio District 
Mission Board. 

[/ pray] that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of 
wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge 
of Him (v. 17— NASB). 

Paul's desire is for the Ephesian people 
to know God better. He is implying that 
they have much more to experience. A 
never-ending treasure of wisdom and revela- 
tion awaits their discovery. But only God 
can reveal it. There is no personal way they 
can obtain it for themselves. This is why 
Paul prays asking God to reveal His wisdom 
and revelation. 

Paul uses the term revelation in this con- 
text as a revealing of the knowledge of 
God to one's soul. The word wisdom refers 
to insights for living gained from revela- 
tion. We can live a life more pleasing to God 
only as He reveals more of Himself to our 
''hearts. " Accordingly, Paul states, 

/ pray that the eyes of your heart may be 
enlightened, so that you may know what is 
the hope of His calling, what are the riches 
of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, 
and what is the surpassing greatness of His 
power toward us who believe. These are in 
accordance with the working of the strength 
of His might (vv. 18, 19— NASB). 

The ''heart" that Paul speaks of repre- 
sents the center from which our intellect, 
emotion, and will derive. Thus, Paul is 
praying that God would grant a knowledge 
that reaches deep into the soul to touch not 
only the intellect but also one's will and 
emotion. When this happens, we know the 
power and love of His presence. 

But what does Paul mean by the expres- 
sion "eyes of your heart"? We often hear 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Thus, Paul is praying that God would grant a knowl- 
edge that reaches deep into the soul to touch not only 
the intellect but also one's will and emotion/' 

people say, ''I won't believe it until I see 
it with my own eyes." How we view life and 
interpret events depends upon what we 
perceive. This is the point Paul is trying to 
make. With the knowledge of God's truth 
bearing upon our hearts, we will perceive 
life from a different perspective. Our hearts 
are the true eyes through which we inter- 
pret life and thus respond to it. Proverbs 
4:23 states it this way: ''Watch over your 
heart with all diligence, for from it flow the 
springs of life." 

When a person's heart has been touched 
by God's truth, it is usually evident in his 
or her worship. Worship is a vehicle to ex- 
press one's heartfelt knowledge of God. 
It is a special time of communion, a time 
of touching the presence of God. It is an 
active experience in which we cry out, 
"Abba! Father!" 

That a person's heart has been touched 
by God's truth is also evidenced by his or 
her motivation and growth. The Apostle 

Knowing God Better 

God's Provisions 

The Bible: Faith comes from hear- 
ing the Word of God (Rom. 10:17). 

Gifted Men: To help believers apply 
the Word for growth and service (Eph. 

The Holy Spirit: To confirm, con- 
vince, and comfort our hearts with the 
truth; to make God's truth a living 
presence in our hearts (Jn. 14:16-17; 

The Results 





We become aware of His love, 
wisdom, and might. 
We realize that our purpose as 
believers is to glorify God in all 
our circumstances. 
We are used of God to reach others. 
We perceive life from a new 

We begin to live a new life accord- 
ing to the knowledge God has 

Paul knew this. It was this that prompted 
him to pray "that the eyes of your heart 
may be enlightened." Ray Stedman in his 
book. Riches In Christ, states it well when 
he says. 

You never get the whole man until the 
heart is moved, until the eyes of the heart 
are enlightened, until truth is moved from 
the head down to the heart and thus grips 
the emotions. Then the will is properly moti- 
vated, and the person begins to grow 
tremendously. "" 

Paul further expresses his desire that we 
may know the "hope of God's calling." Hope 
is the anticipation of receiving what God 
has promised. We have a great inheritance 
in Christ which is yet to come. But much 
of this inheritance is being realized now in 
the lives of Christians. 

One way our hope is realized is through 
our understanding of God's purpose for us. 
Every man and woman hopes that his or 
her life will count, that is, that it will have 
meaning and significance. Paul is saying 
that we are tremendously significant to 
God. Why? Because Christ manifests God's 
great glory in the world through us. It is 
a glory that is expressed in thece words, 
"God is greatly to be praised!" 

When we understand our purpose as 
God's children, our hope turns into a ful- 
filled joy and happiness. And we do not lose 
hope, because it is rooted in the truth that 
has touched our hearts. 

Finally, Paul desires that believers know 
the incomparably great power of God. This 
power, Paul states, 

\God^ exerted in Christ when he raised him 
from the dead and seated him at his right 
hand in the heavenly realms, far above all rule 
and authority, power and dominion, and every 
title that can he given, not only in the present 
age but also in the one to come (vv. 20, 21 — 

To know God's presence is to know He 
is in control of all human events. This is 

(continued on next page) 

*Ray Stedman, Riches In Christ (Word Books, 
1976), p. 80. 

March 1980 

reassuring. "If God is for us, who can be 
against us" (Rom. 8:31b^ — NIV). As our 
hearts comprehend this fact, we begin to 
see that our circumstances have a spiritual 

A friend related to me how this became 
meaningful to him. He was driving down 
the Pennsylvania Turnpike behind an army 
car. He, in turn, was being followed by an 
eighteen wheel truck. It was pouring down 
rain when suddenly the hood of my friend's 
car popped up. Thankfully, it caught on the 
safety latch. Angrily he pulled onto the 
berm, put on his raincoat, grabbed his um- 
brella, got out, slammed down the hood, 
jumped back into the car, and proceeded 
on his way. 

A mile down the road he came upon a 
truck that had gone into a water ski, jack- 
knifed, and slid into a car. He stopped to 
help. He discovered that the jackknifed 
truck was the eighteen wheeler that had 
been following him just minutes before. 
The car was the army car he had been 
following. It was totalled. If my friend had 
not stopped to put down the hood, it would 
have been his car! 

I found it interesting when my friend 
shared this experience with me that this 
was the only time his car's hood had ever 
popped out of position. My friend was left 
with an awareness of God's power, pres- 
ence, and guidance. He was now sensitive 
to God's tremendous grasp of circum- 

This assurance goes further. Speaking of 
Jesus Christ, Paul says: 

"And He [God] put all things in subjection 
under His feet, and gave Him [Jesus Christ] 
as head over all things to the church, which 
is His body, the fulness of Him who fills 
all in air (vv. 22, 23—NASB). 

To further glorify Himself, God has 
placed all ultimate authority in the world 
and in the church with Jesus Christ. Jesus 
exercises this authority, manipulating and 
shaping world events so the church may 
reveal the fulness of God's glory and power 
to the world. The gates of hell will not pre- 
vail against God's community of people 
(see Matt. 16:18). They will eternally attest 
to God's greatness in the universe. 

I pray that you may know God better 
through Jesus Christ; that you may not 
be afraid to allow Him to touch your heart 
fully and freely. I pray that you may know 
the hope of His calling and the surpassing 
greatness of His power for you. May you 
know His presence daily as you cry out from 
your heart, ''Abba! Father!" □ 

The Old 
Basis for 

TS there an Old Testament basis for the 
Threefold Communion service? Or is this 
a practice which is rooted only in the New 
Testament? I believe that the Old Testa- 
ment does provide a foundation for Trine 
or Threefold Communion, and in 1977 I pre- 
pared a study setting forth the relationship 
between the Old Testament sacrificial pro- 
cedure and the New Testament teaching on 
the Love Feast, Feetwashing, and the 
Eucharist.* That study thoroughly exam- 
ined the New Testament evidence for Trine 
Communion, and for the first time gave an 
integrated Old Testament rationale and 
defense for Trine Communion as a ritual 

I have been requested to prepare an 
article summarizing this study. Technically, 
a summary cannot be written without mis- 
representing the involved arguments of the 
original study. But the esssnce of the argu- 
ments can be presented, and herein appear. 
Omitted are scriptural exegesis and discus- 
sion, original language allusions, the weigh- 
ing of contrasting points of view at critical 
points, bibliographical information, and 
secondary studies in sacrifices and feasts. 
Essentially, this Old Testament defense 
for Threefold Communion hinges on one 
argument : the sequence and significance of 
ritual actions for sacrifice in Old Testament 
times. It is supported to a lesser extent, by 

Joseph N. Kickasola, Ph.D., is Associate Pro- 
fessor of Old Testament at Ashland Theological 

*"Leviticus and Trine Communion," Ashland 
Theological Bulletin, Vol. X (Spring 1977), pp. 1- 
58 (i.e., the entire issue). Anyone wanting to read 
the full discussion should contact his pastor. Pas- 
tors who lack the 1977 issue may secure it free of 
charge from Ashland Theological Seminary. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Threefold Communion 

the Passover service in New Testament 
times. In a word, Trine Communion is the 
New Testament ritual counterpart to the 
Old Testament biblical theology of expia- 
tion, consecration, and celebration. 

Old Testament sacrificial procedure was 
made up of essentially six ritual acts which 
may be classified under three ceremonial 
categories, as follows: 

A. Expiation (Crisis Experience) 

1. Presentation (of the beast) 

2. Leaning (on the beast's head) 

3. Slaughter (of the beast) 

4. Manipulation (of the beast's 

B. Consecration (Changing 

5. Sublimation (of the corpse) 

C. Celebration (Sharing Experience) 

6. Meal (communion-feasting on 
the offerings) 

These actions may be found in the Penta- 
teuch (the five books of Moses), especially 
Leviticus 1-7. 

Biblical atonement, which is substitution 
by means of representation, deals with the 
exposure of sin before the holy gaze of God 
and the corresponding alienation. The main 
end of sacrificial atonement is expiation 
(payment, ransom by blood). The first four 
ritual acts are expiatory, all dealing with 
the blood. According to Leviticus 17:11, life 
works atonement for life through the blood 
which is shed on the altar. This blood serves 
to ransom the sinner and to cover and 
obliterate sin and death from the presence 
of God. 

Blood in its normal state does not expiate. 
The only expiatory blood is that which has 
passed through the crisis of death on the 
altar. The emphasis on blood in the sacri- 
ficial system is due to the fact that altar- 
shed blood is the very means of atonement 

March 1980 

by Dr. Joseph N. Kickasola 

for lives. But the ground for atonement is 
life itself, which passes through the crisis 
of vicarious death. 

The first ritual act is presentation. The 
offerer presents his offering of a clean 
beast before the altar. Leaning is second. 
The offerer lays his hand(s), literally leans 
his hand(s), upon the head of the beast, 
thereby transferring sin and its death pen- 
alty to the animal substitute. Slaughter is 
third, for the offerer then slays the beast 
on the altar. Altar-death (slaughter) is not 
merely the means to get blood and fat, but 
is itself the penalty for sin. Fourthly comes 
the manipulation of the blood, expiation's 
last ritual act, which is done solely by the 
priest, who handles and applies it in various 
ways and places for the forgiveness of sin 
(cf. Heb. 9:22). 

Moving from the crisis experience of 
expiation, we now turn to the changing ex- 
perience of consecration, that is, dedication. 
Consecration is the category of complete 
commitment or devotion to God. Only one 
action in the sacrificial ritual is exclusively 
consecratory, namely the fifth ritual act — 
sublimation (**to sublimate" means to turn 
a solid substance into a gas, such as vapor 
or smoke). The priest slowly burns certain 
animals (or parts of them) and grains upon 
the altar for '*a sweet-smelling aroma to 
the Lord." 

All of the burning was an act of consecra- 
tion (total dedication), as is shown by the 
fact that the vegetable (i.e., bloodless, non- 
expiatory) offerings underwent burning in 
exactly the same manner as did the animal 
offerings. While not all sacrifices were 
expiatory (bloody), all were consecratory 
in that every offering involved some burn- 
ing on the altar, ''an offering by fire" unto 
the Lord. 

The third and final category of sacrificial 

(continued on next page) 


A Chart Showing the Parallelism of Old Testament Sacrificial Categories 
and New Testament Fulfillment Aspects 

Old Testament 
Ritual Categories 

New Testament Fulfillment Aspects 

1. Expiation: 

2. Consecration: 

3. Celebration: 

1. Objective (Central): 

2. Subjective (Individual): 
Christ within the Christian 

3. Ceremonial (Corporate): 
Christ in Christian Ceremonies 

1.1 Death of Christ 
(His cross) 

2.1 Life of Christ 
(His ministry) 

3.1 Supper of Christ 
(His Last Slipper, 
Marriage Feast) 

1.2 conversion 
(dead to sin) 

2.2 sanctification 
(alive to God) 

3.2 communion 

(joy in worship) 

1.3 Eucharist 

(bread and cup of blessing) 

2.3 Feetwashing 

(ceremonial washing of feet) 

3.3 Love Feast 

(the Lord's Supper) 

ritual acts is celebration, the experience of 
sharing the joy of reconciliation. Celebra- 
tion is expressed by the sixth and final 
ritual act, the meal of holy communion- 
feasting. This consists of the offerer eating 
the sacrificial meal of peace offerings (i.e., 
fellowship offerings) with the priests and 
Levites, being the guest of God in holy 
communion. Celebration in the spirit of 
forgiveness and joy characterizes these 
meals (e.g., Lev. 7:11-18, Deut. 12:18), the 
participants being ''sharers in the altar" 
(cf. I Cor. 10:16-21). 

What is the significance of these three 
ceremonial categories of Old Testament 
sacrifice? What are the New Testament 
ramifications of expiation, consecration, 
and celebration? All three of these cate- 
gories may be seen from each of three ful- 
fillment aspects: the objective (central) 
aspect (i.e., Christ Himself) ; the subjective 
(individual) aspect (i.e., Christ within the 
Christian) ; and the ceremonial (corporate) 
aspect (i.e., Christ in the Christian cere- 
monies, in recurrent ceremonial worship). 
How do each of these New Testament ob- 
jective, subjective, and ceremonial fulfill- 
ments relate to the expiation, consecration, 
and celebration ritual categories of the Old 
Testament? Each must be taken in turn 
once again. 

The expiation category (the crisis experi- 
ence, the blood) is fulfilled from the objec- 
tive perspective by the death of Christ, 
who as the Lamb of God shed His blood on 
the altar of Golgotha. From the subjective 
aspect expiation is fulfilled by Christian 
conversion — dying to sin and being crucified 
to the world. The ceremonial fulfillment of 
expiation is surely the Eucharist (the bread 
and cup of blessing). 

The consecration category of sacrifice 
(the changing experience, the fire of dedi- 

cation) is objectively fulfilled in the life of 
Christ. His life was one of complete obedi- 
ence and service, a fragrant aroma to God 
(e.g., Eph. 5:2). From tne subjective aspect, 
it is fulfilled by Christian sanctification, by 
living to righteousness (e.g., I Pet. 2:24) 
in the imitation of Christ, being daily con- 
formed to His image. The ceremonial ful- 
fillment is the Feetwashing (see below), 
the ceremonial washing of the saints' feet. 
This also is in His image — doing as He d^d, 
loving as He loved (Jn. 13). 

The celebration category (the sharing 
experience, the fellowship meal) is fulfilled 
in the objective aspect by the supper of 
Christ. It was fulfilled in a typical way by 
His Last Supper with His disciples, and it 
will be fulfilled eschatologically by the 
marriage feast of the Lamb in the Kingdom 
of God. The subjective expression of cele- 
bration is the personal joy a participant 
experiences when rejoicing before the Lord 
and His people during covenant meals as he 
enters into the sharing experience of body 
oneness. Finally, the ceremonial expression 
of celebration is the Love Feast, the Lord's 
Supper in the fuller sense, namely the 
church's Eucharistic meal, whose final 
course and constitutive feature is the con- 
summating Eucharist (e.g., I Cor. 11). 

Most Bible students would grant the 
validity of the objective and subjective 
fulfillment parallels here drawn from the 
expiation, consecration, and celebration 
categories. But with the ceremonial paral- 
lels (Eucharist, Feetwashing, and Love 
Feast), there will not be unanimity. 

Surely all will grant that the Eucharist 
is at least the New Testament ceremonial 
counterpart to expiation. But what about 
the other two categories? Since the ma- 
jority of Christians do not practice Trine 
Communion, they will not be persuaded on 


The Brethren Evangelist 

'■*^ IIS 64^ »&'.**. •ig*^.., . f IPS-* 


* * # + V ''*■ *^i' ''■ 

' . -4 ■. -T ^.^l;. '-*- • 


iiiWkfe -j Mia Jii'liSMiiiii^^^ 


"A Love Feast Among the Dunkers," by Howard Pyle; from Harper's Weekly, March 17, 1883. 

the basis of these newly discovered parallels 
alone. The new evidence of extensive paral- 
lels in biblical ritual categories may be im- 
pressive enough to demonstrate their vali- 
dity when limited to the fulfillments of 
Christ Himself (i.e., His Supper, His wash- 
ing their feet, and His Eucharistic finale — 
all on the night He was betrayed). But 
there still remain the difficult questions 
relative to apostolic practice. 

In the case of the ceremony of Feetwash- 
ing (rather than hospitable feetwashing) , 
there is a lack of evidence for or against 
apostolic practice beyond that of Christ 
Himself (Jn. 13). In the case of the Supper 
(the Love Feast) where there is apostolic 
practice (e.g., I Cor. 11), there remains the 
question of normativity (i.e., of its being 
meant for today) because of the close rela- 
tionship between the Love Feast and the 
Eucharist. This latter problem of close 
relationship can be greatly clarified, how- 
ever, when examined in the light of the 
parallels to ritual categories herein dis- 
cussed. This is especially so when supported 
by an understanding of the sequence of 
r'tual acts in the Passover service of Jesus' 
day, and by a reexamination of I Corin- 
thians 11. 

Was the Last Supper of Jesus a Passover 
meal, or a common meal with an uncommon 

significance? Omitting here all of the de- 
tailed discussion,* I simply report my con- 
clusion that Jesus died on Good Friday, 
Passover day, but that nevertheless the 
Last Supper was a Passover meal. It was 
either a rival Passover meal (of different 
calendrical reckoning, cf. Qumran) or an 
anticipative Passover meal (Jesus knowing 
He would die on Passover day). In either 
case, such a meal would have had to be 
altered in several details by Jesus, since 
they would not have been able to obtain a 
Paschal (Passover) lamb. 

This Last Supper was not only (1) a 
lambless Passover, but (2) Jesus held it 
only with His disciples (instead of by fam- 
ilies), and (3) He introduced the Feet- 
washing, and (4) identified the bread and 
the next-to-last cup of the Passover service 
with His own impending sacrificial death. 
The Passover service of Jesus' day, known 
from rabbinical sources, had four cups of 
wine distributed throughout the meal. The 
third cup was known as the redemption 
cup. It was with this cup that Jesus an- 
nounced that He Himself was the Paschal 
Lamb. Jesus and His disciples then sang a 

(continued on next page) 

*See the fuMer study previously published in 
the ATS Bulletin. 

March 1980 

hymn to end the service. Normally a term- 
inating fourth cup, the kingdom cup, fol- 
lowed the customary hymn and ended the 
service. But Jesus postponed the kingdom 
cup until His return, when He would drink 
it in the kingdom. 

The Lord's Supper, then, is an unfinished 
meal by which we proclaim the Lord's death 
until He comes to complete and extend the 
feast in the kingdom of God. Clearly, the 
Eucharist was not a token meal after the 
Passover meal, but an integral part of it. 
Our Lord's Last Supper was a Passover 
service and meal which was being conducted 
by Christ before, during, and after the 
Feetwashing and Eucharist. The Lord's 
Supper is what our Lord did to His Last 
Passover Supper the night before His Pass- 
over death. The Lord's Supper and the 
Eucharist are respectively the body and 
consummating final ritual act of the same 
covenant meal. 

From a study of Acts and I Corinthians 
11, it is clear that the Eucharist was re- 
celebrated in the context of and as the 
climax to daily fellowship meals. These 
later became occasional fellowship meals, 
perhaps weekly on the Lord's Day. The 
nature of these meals subsequent to the 
feast of Passover was surely not Paschal, 
though their significance was, thanks to 
the crowning Eucharist dramatizing Christ 
our Passover. But note, the common 
denominator is that the New Testament 
church celebrated the Eucharist in the con- 

"The Lord's Supper, then, is an 
unfinished nrieal by which we pro- 
claim the Lord's death until He 
connes to complete and extend the 
feast in the kingdom of God." 

text of and as the climax to a meal, be it 
Paschal (as only initially with Jesus), 
communal (as subsequently with the early 
church), or occasional (finally, as at 
Corinth, cf. Jude). This warrants us to say 
that the imitative Eucharistic meals were 
ceremonial meals (by virtue of the crown- 
ing Eucharist), which is to say they were 
common meals with an uncommon signifi- 
cance, non-Passover meals with the Paschal 
significance of Christ Himself. 

In I Corinthians 11 Paul was not prohibit- 
ing the full church-meal context of the 
Eucharist. Nor was he limiting it to a 
token. He was merely regulating it, giving 

the rules on how it, the full Love Feast, 
and its consummating Eucharist were to be 
properly observed. For those who were bent, 
by their selfishness, on an anti-Eucharist 
supper at church, the apostle mandates an 
ante-Eucharist supper before church. Mere 
physical hunger is not sufficient prepara- 
tion to come to the Lord's table. Physical 
hunger does not disqualify, but only spirit- 
ual hunger qualifies (cf. Mt. 6:33). 

It must be recognized that the Eucharist 
itself can be celebrated alone (apart from 
the meal setting). This is because it can be 
reckoned as a token of such a meal in that 
it does representationally express all of the 
features required by our Lord. The Eucha- 
rist does possess, at least in nuclear form, 
all three categories of sacrificial ritual acts. 
Expiating body and blood are paramount. 
But substitutionary consecration is also 
evidenced by the Passover bread, which 
was baked (i.e., fire) and unleavened (i.e., 
consecrated). Substitutionary celebration 
is represented by eating and drinking the 
elements, a formal similarity it shares with 
the full meal. 

But we must affirm that while such a 
mealless Eucharist is lawful, it is made to 
bear too much of a liturgical load out of 
balance with its emphasis, which is expia- 
tion. The Old Testament parallels show that 
the emphasis of the meal is the ceremonial 
category of celebration. The longer and 
fuller activity of the Love Feast sustains 
this setting of covenant feasting, fellow- 
ship, and sharing, and is fully conducive to 
the solemnities of the Eucharist (symbol 
of expiation) which follow. The Love Feast 
should not only be tolerated, but encouraged 
as the more biblical expression of ritual 
categories and apostolic celebration. 

As for Feetwashing (ceremonial washing 
of feet) we do not know, as stated above, 
the apostolic practice, if any. But John 13 
clearly teaches that Jesus washed His dis- 
ciples' feet, that it definitely had then a 
sin-washing connotation, and that He com- 
manded them to wash one another's feet. 
We cannot prove it was the ceremony of 
Feetwashing rather than the social service 
(e.g., I Tim. 5:10) which He commanded. 
Nor can we prove that such an imitative 
ceremony would also carry the sin-washing 
connotation His ceremony had. We simply 
do not know either the apostolic under- 
standing or practice at this point. 

But such an imitative sin-washing cere- 
mony perhaps was the intent of Jesus' com- 
mand on at least two counts. First, His 
washing of their feet during the meal did 
not have social significance, but rather 
spiritual. It would seem, then, that He 


The Brethren Evangelist 


. the New Testa- 
ment church cele- 
hraied the Eucha- 
rist in the context 
of and as the climax 
to a meal . . 


would enjoin the same, even for centuries 
after it had any social relevance at all, as 
today. Secondly, in terms of Levitical sacri- 
ficial categories, Christ was ceremonializing 
His consecration to God, His total dedica- 
tion as the Servant of the Lord, serving 
with the fire of devotion even to the point 
of being a slave at the feet of men He came 
to save. Although He was not washed, hav- 
ing no sin from which to be symbolically 
cleansed, He did wash others lest they be 
none of His (cf. Jn. 13:8). 

When we wash feet and have our feet 
washed, we are dealing symbolically with 
sin in our Christian lives incurred since 
we were bathed by Christ. **He who has 
bathed needs only to wash his feet ..." 
(Jn. 13:10). If there is no intended sin- 
connotation in imitative washing of feet, 
we are by such at least ceremonializing our 
active and passive consecration (total dedi- 
cation) to the Lord in service as did He to 
fulfill all Scripture, which also is **a service" 
in both senses — serving and ceremonial 

Jesus had ceremonialized His own active 
consecration to God by washing their feet. 
And His passive consecration was cere- 
monialized on Calvary's cross. The disciples 
had ceremonialized their passive consecra- 
tion in being washed. But to ceremonialize 
their active consecration, they would have 
to imitatively wash one another's feet. 
When we wash one another's feet and are 
washed, we are ceremonializing our con- 
secration to God. Modern man still has this 
liturgical need which is antecedently bib- 
lical — the need of a believer not only sub- 
jectively (individually) to work out his con- 
secration to the Lord, but also to ceremon- 
ialize it in corporate worship. 

One final word about sequence. Jesus 
washed His disciples' feet during the eve- 
ning meal (Jn. 13:2 RV, ASV, RSV, NASB, 
NIV; the AV ''and supper being ended" is 
incorrect), from which He rose (v. 4), and 
at which He later reclined again (vv. 12, 
26). The Eucharist, of course, followed. The 
sequence most imitative of John's Gospel is 
Love Feast, then Feetwashing, then Eucha- 
rist. The Love Feast this way also offers 
an easing social base for the intimacy of 
Feetwashing. Feetwashing then becomes a 
preparation for the solemnity of the Eucha- 

One may ask why Jesus inverted the 
order of expiation, consecration, and cele- 
bration (which would have been paralleled 
by Eucharist, Feetwashing, Love Feast) 
into celebration, consecration, and expia- 
tion (the Johannine Love Feast, Feetwash- 
ing, then Eucharist) ? One can only guess 
at the divine wisdom here. A lambless Pass- 
over on Maundy Thursday gave Jesus the 
opportunity to dramatically declare Him- 
self to be the Lamb of God. He disclosed 
this at the end of the Passover meal, per- 
haps because He wanted to utilize the sym- 
bolism of the sequence of the Passover ser- 
vice. Specifically, he may have wanted to 
utilize the symbolism of the third cup of 
redemption in His own blood, and conscious- 
ly postpone the fourth cup of kingdom con- 
summation. Perhaps, also. He was chang- 
ing the tone and setting of the Old Testa- 
ment covenant meal to the New Testament 
pattern of rejoicing evermore, which, from 
the start, is in a setting of celebration for 
redemption already accomplished and ap- 
plied. The Messiah has already come, a 
Savior, whose name is Christ the Lord 
(Lk. 2:10-11). n 

March 1980 


World Missions 

Let's Keep Pressing On 

PRESS ON with the gospel. Work harder 
than ever when things get difficult. This 
spirit became the hallmark of first century 
Christians. When persecution closed in on 
them, they scattered and '*went every where 
preaching the word." When times got 
tough, they shared with others from the 
things they had. When threatened with 
harm and death, they rejoiced in being 
worthy to suffer for Christ's sake. 

This is the heritage left to generations 
of believers who have followed Christ down 
through the centuries. And this is our man- 
date today: Press on with sharing the 
gospel regardless of what might be 
required ! 

Our missionary objectives for the 1980s 
include a primary aim to reach untouched 
groups of people. Some progress has been 
made in the last few years, but we can do 
much more in these years ahead. Pockets 
of people are to be found in most parts of 
the world, including our own country, that 
have yet to hear God's message of life and 
hope in Jesus Christ. We are becoming in- 
creasingly sensitive to this great concern 
of our Lord. More effort and activity must 
be expended in order to penetrate these 
closed or neglected clusters of non- 
Christians so as to win them to Christ. We 
are committed to this task. 

Programs and strategies are being 
changed for greater effectiveness and max- 
imum use of available resources. More 
training of national workers is multiplying 
our missionary forces in several countries. 
Our policy of holding expensive property 
investments to a minimum in order to pro- 
vide more funds for programs to reach new 
people is being continued and strengthened. 
Programs which tend to maintain usual 
levels are being pared in favor of reaching 
new people for nurture into responsible 

Rev. Ingraham is General Secretary of the 
Missionary Board of the Brethren Church. 

I by M. Virgil Ingraham 

church membership. Assistance to the sick 
and destitute continues in Asia, but self- 
help projects are increasing, with an accom- 
panying gospel witness. 

Missionaries are needed more than ever 
before. A new dimension in missionary 
service is required for making inroads into 
the large religious blocs of people — Hindus, 
Muslims, Buddhists, etc. — who are resist- 
ant to the Good News. Special training 
and insights are demanded in order to reach 
people of these religions, who represent so 
large a proportion of the world's popula- 
tion. Also needed in greater number are 
people who are willing to forsake the com- 
fort and security of Western affluence in 
order to reach across cultural borders with 
the life-giving gospel. 

Great financial support is another essen- 
tial for effective missionary multiplication. 
The world today is seething with financial 
and economic instability, with more diffi- 
cult times likely to come. Inflation has 
been easier on our nation than on most 
countries, but we still feel its effects. The 
13% inflation we experienced in 1979 is 
forcing cutbacks in some areas, for the 
extra add-on giving of 15% required to 
equalize the difference has not been fully 
realized. Combine with this the additional 
requirements to compensate for greater 
inflation in other countries, plus the effects 
of the devaluation of the dollar, and we 
gain a more realistic insight into the need 
for greater giving to sustain the mission- 
ary supply line for pressing on with the 

Most of all, the call comes to each one 
of us for renewed dedication to share in 
fulfilling the Great Commission, in order 
that our generation of believers may reach 
this generation of people with the gospel. 
The task and the times also call us to 
prayer — consistent, daily, intercessory 
prayer — for our missionaries, potential 
missionaries, national churches and work- 

( continued on next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Press} ng on in Colombia 


Colombian Brethren Church 
Ordains First Pastor 

Pastor Dario 
de Jesus 
Tobon and 
his wife, 
Alba Luz. 

OCTOBER 14, 1979, marked the second 
Annual Conference of the Colombian 
Brethren Church. The conference was held 
in an Episcopal church located between two 
of the Brethren congregations. 

As it met for its second conference, the 
Colombian Brethren Church could thank 
God for the growth and development it has 
experienced. The church now has more than 
190 baptized members, and two organized 
congregations — ^Campo Valdez and Castel- 
lana. A third congregation has also been 
started among the Quechua Indians, but 
it does not yet have enough members to be 
organized into a church body. 

In addition to these three congregations, 
fifty home Bible studies meet each week in 
five different cities. And the church also 
has auxiliary organizations. 

The highpoint of the second Annual Con- 
ference of the Colombian Brethren Church 
was the ordination service for the first 
Colombian pastor. Dario de Jesus Tobon, 
who has served as a deacon and lay pastor 
of the Campo Valdez congregation for four 

Let's Keep Pressing On 

ers, and especially, for the unsaved people 
to whom we are sent. Pray earnestly that 
God might prepare them and open their 
hearts to receive Christ when they hear the 
Good News. 

Let us keep pressing on with the 
gospel, meeting each opportunity and 
each need with our whole-hearted response 
to the call of God. The greatness of the 
task is almost overwhelming, but "greater 
is He that is within you than he that is in 
the world." Let's keep pressing on with 
Christ! □ 

by Kenneth L. Solomon 

years, was ordained as pastor of the Campo 
Valdez Church. After the prayer of conse- 
cration for Dario and his wife. Alba Luz, 
the many Brethren present pressed forward 
to congratulate them and to embrace them 
with tears of joy. 

Following his service of ordination. Rev. 
Tobon took charge of the Lord's Supper, 
a most fitting conclusion for this second 
Annual Conference. □ 

Colombian Church 
Demonstrates Progress 

When the Solomons returned to Colombia last 
September (after a furlough in the U.S.), Ken wrote 
the following about the progress of the church in 

We were very pleased to find on our re- 
turn to Colombia that the members of the 
Castellana congregation had continued to 
faithfully support the weekly services with 
their presence and that the overall ministry 
had been continued. This included the visi- 
tation of the members and the Bible studies. 
The congregation had even begun some new 
Bible studies in this area, involving various 
young lajonen of the congregation. 

This encourages us to believe that we are 
headed in the right direction and, to a de- 
gree, making the church less and less de- 
pendent on the presence of the missionary. 
Praise the Lord for the evident progress 
toward this goal. 

We are seeing more outreach due to Mark 
Logan's complete involvement through 
SERVICOM (an audio- visual ministry). 
Mark is being greatly used of the Lord in 
film evangelism and interdenominational 
services (committee activity, repair of 
equipment, etc.). Mark is also president of 

(continued on next page) 

March 1980 


Pressing on in India 

Brethren Clinic Meets Need 
During Doctors' Strike 

THE Indian Express newspaper of De- 
cember 22, 1979, carried the following 
report of a doctors' strike in Andhra Pra- 
desh, India: 

Striking civil assistant surgeons of the 
government headquarters hospital here took 
out a procession. Medical representatives and 
members of the AP Medical Employees 
Union, joined the rally. 

The striking doctors are also distributing 
pamphlets explaining their cause including 
pay anomaly. 

Meanwhile, the service in the hospital con- 
tinues to be paralyzed. There are barely 4O 
inpatients in the 300-bed hospital. As the 
anaesthetist is also on strike cases requiring 
surgery are being referred to the teaching hos- 
pital at Tirupati. 

The same paper carried this report of 
the work of the Brethren Mission Free 
Clinic at Visakhapatnam during this strike : 
Due to the doctors' strike, the Brethren 
Mission Free Clinic is so crowded in the 
mornings, it has to take the assistance of Dr. 
(Mrs) Syamala Chistie. 

It serves the poor irrespective of caste and 
religion. Many patients get quick relief in 
this free clinic. 


(continued from previous page) 

the Elder's Commission. The commission's 
specific responsibility is to oversee the spir- 
itual state of the churches. 

While Mark and Chantal are on furlough, 
this ministry will continue because of 
Mark's ability to train and teach several of 
the nationals to operate the projectors. One 
man in particular has been employed by the 
National Directing Commission, and, by 
the recommendation of Mark, will be work- 
ing most of the time for SERVICOM. We 
are anticipating a tremendous future for the 
work through SERVICOM. D 

The Logans were on furlough from October to 
January and returned to Medellin January 29, 

Rev. K. Vijaya Kumar, director of the insti- 
tute, said that it would help as many poor as 
possible at this time of strike. 
Rev. Kumar added this assessment of 
the situation at the free clinic: 

"Due to the strike, the number of patients 
seeking treatment at the Brethren Mission 
Free Clinic and Maternity Center has risen 
from 30 a day to 100 a day. In order to meet 
this urgent demand, we have accepted the 
free services of Sujata's aunt. Dr. (Mrs.) 
Syamala Chistie. 

'Thirty patients a day did not allow 
privacy for patients being treated, for the 

Rev. Vijay Kumar views the crowd of patients 
waiting to enter the Brethren Mission Free Clinic 
during the doctors' strike in December. 

clinic is small. But with 100 patients a day 
there is much crowding and lack of waiting 
room. Some patients have had to wait at 
the post office next door. 

"Even under normal conditions we are 
in need of a new site for our clinic in order 
to enlarge the waiting room and include 
rooms for treating individual patients, thus 
providing privacy. 

"We thank the Lord for the continued 
support of the Brethren, as it is only 
through your faithful prayer and financial 
support that we are able to offer this free 
medical care to the needy." D 


The Brethren Evangelist 

During Godavari Pushkaram, six million people 
came to Rajahmundry to bath in the holy river. 

THE Godavari River is hailed as a holy 
river in India. Once every twelve years 
the sacred Hindu river festival Godavari 
Pushkaram is celebrated on its banks in 
Rajahmundry. During this time millions of 
pilgrims from all corners of India and from 
countries abroad come and take a dip in 
the Godavari River. They believe that a 
bath in the river earns them salvation and 
purity of body and soul. 

In addition to bathing in the Godavari 
River, the pilgrims offer prayers to the 
goddess of the river. They also worship 
the sun god. And they give alms of various 
valuable items to the Hindu priests, believ- 
ing that this will bring them prosperity, 
long life, freedom from sins, and permanent 

The most recent Godavari Pushkaram 
festival was held August 22 to September 
10, 1979. Six million people crowded into 
Rajahmundry, a city of one-fourth million, 
to take the holy dip in the Godavari River. 

During Godavari Pushkaram the Breth- 
ren Mission of India was busily involved in 
proclaiming the Good News of Jesus Christ. 
Rev. and Mrs. Prasanth Kumar, with the 
help of the youth, the boys of the orphan- 
age, the evangelists, and the women of the 
church, used a variety of means to reach 
these masses of people. 

Every day of the festival eight people 
of the Brethren Mission distributed gospel 
tracts and booklets to the Pushkaram pil- 
grims. One-quarter of a million tracts and 
booklets were distributed. The pastors and 
evangelists also had many opportunities 
to give their personal witness. 

On August 27 a visiting speaker was in- 
vited to present a gospel message, and a 
film show of the life of Jesus was presented 
in the evening. This attracted hundreds of 
pilgrims, many of whom had never seen a 
presentation of the life of Christ. 

Bearing Good News 
to Pushkaram Pilgrims 

by K. Prasanth Kumar 

On the following Sunday, September 2, 
a Burra Katha was performed. This was a 
narration in song and word of the story 
of the prodigal son. Then on September 9, 
two filmstrips were shown, one on the story 
of Jonah and the other on Jesus raising 
Lazarus from the tomb. More than 2,000 
people attended each of these meetings. 

In spite of objections and opposition from 
the local Hindus to the spread of the Good 
News of Jesus Christ, the Lord helped the 
missionaries to resist the troubles and to 
spread the gospel to many who had never 
heard. Many people showed an interest in 
knowing about Jesus and started coming 
to the Brethren Church which was close to 
their cottages. Some attended worship ser- 
vice on Sunday morning and prayer meet- 
ing on Friday evening. 

It is the desire of the Brethren Mission 
in India that through the tracts, booklets, 
personal witness, Sunday services, and films 
that many have come to know "'he saving 
knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ. It is 
also hoped that they will share His light 
in order to light the lives of millions of 
others living in darkness in India. □ 

One-fourth million tracts were distributed by the 
Brethren Mission during Godavari Pushkaram. 

March 1980 


Pressing on in Mexico 

Lord, Please Give 
Me Rest! 

. k J . k i. Juan Carlos immerses one of twelve 

by Maria Miranda believers from Tijuana baptized September 

30, 1979. 


T was time once again to gather our 

things and prepare for our monthly 
trip to Tijuana. After a week full of such 
activities as Bible study, work at the office, 
committee meetings, classes at Fuller Theo- 
logical Seminary, and the never-ending 
work at home, I was ready for a weekend 
of rest. 

The possibility of finding rest soon dis- 
appeared as I began to pack suitcases. But 
as I packed, I began a dialogue with the 
Lord . . . 

"Lord, how I would love to stay home 
this weekend! Juan Carlos can go by him- 
self just this time, don't you agree. Lord?" 

* 'Remember, Maria, Juan is not feeling 
very well. He has had such a terrible bout 
with a cold, which has drained his energy 
supply. Can you really let him go by 

**The problem is that I am tired, too. 
Lord. I believe you understand. All I need 
is some rest. I don't think that is asking 
anything outrageous." 

"You say you are tired. Do you remember 
the text that you have quoted many times 
by memory to others when they have com- 
plained that they could not do more? They 
that wait upon the Lord shall renew their 
strength' (Isaiah 40:31). Has not this been 
one of your favorite promises?" 

"I understand what you are saying. But 
believe me. Lord, my body needs rest; I 
cannot think about another trip on those 
dusty streets. You understand, don't you, 
Father ? After all, I am only human ! Please, 
just this time." 

"Certainly you may. You are the one 
who has to decide. But let me remind you 
of something. You will stay home, but with 

Maria Miranda is the wife of and assistant to 
Rev. Juan Carlos Miranda, who is Hispanic Field 
Supervisor of Brethren Mission Work in Mexico 
and Southern California. 

you will remain the worry that your hus- 
band has to travel alone and that he is 
not feeling well. With you will also remain 
questions about how the services are going. 
Remember that this time there will be 
baptism — for the first time in Tijuana. Do 
you hear me, Maria ? Baptism ! The brethren 
will ask about you. Let Me remind you of 
another one of your favorite promises: 'I 
can do all things through Christ who 
strengthens me' (Phil 4:13)." 

"Forgive me, Lord, for trying to do what 
I want instead of doing your will. No! I 
do not want to stay and rest. I believe the 
best thing I can do is rest in your promises 
and wait on you to renew my strength 
today. Thank you for showing me once 
more, 'How great Thou art!' " 

As my dialogue with God ended, the suit- 
case was ready to go, and Juan and I began 
our journey. Upon arrival at our workers' 
home, we began planning the program for 
the big day. 

On Sunday, September 30, a group of 
about 40 people divided themselves up and 
piled into the old truck, our station wagon 
(13 crowded into it), and another car that 
had to stop every 10 minutes to add water 
to the radiator! The original plan was to 
arrive at the baptismal site at 9:30 a.m.; 
but instead, we arrived at 12:30 p.m. due 
to all the stops! 

The service began with songs, prayer, 
and Bible reading. Those who were being 
baptized made a circle inside the water, 
while the others on the shoreline sang "I 
have decided to follow Jesus." 

We could feel the Spirit of the Lord in 
our midst in a marvelous way. A clear sky, 
beautiful trees, the singing of the birds, 
and a soft breeze that seemed to melt every- 
thing together brought a spiritual freshness 
to our souls. God was there! 

Twelve individuals were baptized and 
seven more were taken into membership by 


The Brethren Evangelist 

transfer, four from Monterrey and three 
from Mexico City. Nineteen new members 
were received into His church. As I beheld 
this group of brethren, I did not know how 
to praise God. Did we ever think during the 
previous month of February that the people 
would respond in this manner? Did it enter 
our imaginations that such a wonderful 
group would be a part of the Brethren 
Church? Praise God! The Lord said He 
would build His church, and no doubt about 
it. He is doing it now in Tijuana. 

As we finished that day full of activities 
and blessings, we returned to Tijuana tired 
and covered with dust. But it was as if we 
were walking on clouds. What great experi- 
ences we had had that day! 

Yes, I asked for rest, and He gave it to 
me. As I looked upon the group of believers 
who had become a part of Christ's Body, 
my soul rejoiced and my body felt the divine 
touch of the Lord giving me new strength. 
It is marvelous to serve the Lord! 

Allow me to share with you a beautiful 
poem of Von Goethe: 

Rest is not quitting 
The bttsy career; 
Rest is the fitting 
Of self to one's sphere. 

'Tis loving and serving, 
The highest and best; 
'Tis onward, unsiverving 
And this is true rest. 


A Visit to 

Mexico City 

by Maria Miranda 

Pastor Cirilo Ruiz, with his wife, receives his ordination certificate 
from Rev. Juan Carlos Miranda. Pastor Ruiz was ordained as a Lay Elder 
on September 18, 1979. 

COME take a trip with us to our mission 
work in Mexico City. It is so exciting to 
see what the Lord is doing in Mexico. 

In our first three days at Mexico City, 
Juan Carlos shares doctrinal studies with 
the new Christians here. He is also able to 
answer many questions and dismiss doubts 
of some of these new babies in Christ. We 
cannot begin to share the excitement in our 
hearts as we see this group of brethren 
growing, maturing spiritually in the Lord. 
One of the men, Virgilio, has a wonderful 
testimony of how God changed his life. He 
is now teaching the adult Sunday school 
class. His wife, who was baptized last July, 
is teaching a children's class. 

The most important event during this 
visit is the ordination of Pastor Cirilo Ruiz 
as Lay Elder. In this next year he will be 
preparing for his ministerial ordination. At 
the close of the ordination ceremony, the 
brethren embrace their pastor and his 
wife and promise their loyalty in helping 
him in this ministry in Mexico City. 

This has given the brethren a sense of 
security — to see their leader ordained as 
Lay Elder. They continue to say, "Now we 

have a permanent pastor; now we have a 
pastor that is recognized." 

We believe that God is leading us wisely 
in the work in Mexico City. He has given 
us a whole barrio where there is no otli / 
church. He has provided Cirilc Ruiz and 
his wife as workers. Glory to God! 

God has begun a good work and He will 
bring it to completion. He is moving among 
the Mexican people. Please continue pray 
and be involved in this new missic . field 
with us. □ 

The congregation that attended the ordination 
service for Pastor Ruiz. 

March 1980 


Pressing on in Malaysia 


Good News 
from Malaysia 

Miss Nee and 
Rev. David Loi 

WITH so many wonderful things happen- 
ing and so much good news to rejoice 
in, it's difficult to know just where to begin. 
But I believe I shall start with Christmas, 
for at that time we received the most pre- 
cious gift — winning a soul to Christ and the 
baptism of a believer. On Sunday morning, 
December 23, 1979, we held our Christmas 
service, which included a baptismal service 
for Miss Tan Swee Nee. Miss Nee is the 
daughter of Mr. Tan Eng Chong, the owner 
of Thean Teik Garden where we hold our 
Sunday school meetings. We ended this 
occasion with an outing at the beach with 
much rejoicing! 

Next on our list of happenings was the 
arrival of Mr. David Chew and his family. 
They came to Penang to join the Brethren 
Mission on December 29, 1979. We thank 
God that we were able to locate a place for 
them to stay in an area of town where they 
can reach out to the Chinese people in that 
particular area. 

For about a year we all have been pray- 
ing for Miss Ng Sow Lin and three of her 
nephews. We now rejoice as the Lord has 
so graciously answered our prayers, for 

by David Loi 

Miss Lin and her nephews were with us at 
our service on Christmas day. 

Along with all of this good news, the Lord 
has enabled us to purchase a good used van 
for our work here. This van was much 
needed in order to transport the young 
people to and from our services. As we are 
growing in number, we were in desperate 
need of a larger vehicle. 

We are looking forward to a very fruitful 
year in the Lord as we labor here for His 
glory. □ 

A group picture taken after the baptism and 
Christmas service on Christmas Sunday. Behind 
is the recently purchased van. 




Raymond Aspinall Family 
William P. Winter Family 

— Rosario 

— Buenos Aires 


Kenneth L. Solomon Family 
Mark Logan Family 

— Medellin 
— Medellin 


Prasanth Kumar Family 
Vijay Kumar Family 

— Rajahmundry 
— Visakhapatnam 


David Loi Family 

— Penang 


Juan Carlos Miranda Family 

— ^Tijuana and Mexico City 


John Guli 

Evangelistic Work and 
Leadership Training 

Kulp Bible School 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


What would happen if clergymen formed a union? 

Pastors on the Picket Line 

WHAT would happen if American 
clergymen formed a union and went 
on strike? Several years ago they made 
an embryonic attempt to do just that. 
Fortunately, the attempt failed to get off 
the ground. If it had succeeded, you might 
have gone to church on Sunday and been 
met by a preacher carrying a placard pro- 
claiming: ''More prayer; less work. More 
pay; less talk." 

Shocking? You bet! But if clergymen 
ever get together, their organization might 
be referred to as the AOC (American 
Organization of Clergymen). And the AOC 
might present your pulpit committee with 
the following demands: 

(1) For every visit the clergyman makes, 
the congregation must also make a visit 
within thirty days. 

(2) For every emergency run by the pas- 
tor, $25 will be donated to the church within 
seven days. For emergencies after midnight, 
the rate is $35. In lieu of money, the family 
involved may donate time in some kind of 

(3) All church members shall tithe, sup- 
port all church functions, and pledge them- 
selves to pray fifteen minutes per day. Any 
member failing to do so will be dropped 
from membership. (Absences may be made 
up within seven days.) 

(4) Anyone creating a stir within the 
church by manifesting a belligerent attitude 
(especially in business or board meetings) 
will be required to donate thirty hours of 
ministry per outburst. 

(5) Funerals and weddings will be con- 
ducted for non-believers and non-members 
only if they are willing to enroll in an in- 
tensive Bible-study course. (In the case of 
funerals, a member of the deceased's fam- 
ily must enroll.) 

(6) Anyone falling asleep during the 
sermon shall be whacked on the ear by an 
usher. (This was done in earlier days of 
the church.) 

(7) Anyone making false accusations 
against the preacher and/or against a 
member of the church will be forced to 
stand during the entire worship service so 
that all may see the offending brother or 
sister. The person's name and offense will 
be printed in the bulletin on the day of the 
''standing." Refusal to cooperate will result 
in immediate dismissal. Unity will be 

"All church members shall +ithe, 
support all church functions, and 
pledge themselves to pray fifteen 
minutes per day. Any member fail- 
ing to do so will be dropped from 

(8) Those refusing to forgive and forget 
an offense after the shameful public 
"standing" shall do likewise the following 

(9) Congregations shall pay the AOC 
dues of their pastors. 

(10) Any congregation refusing to co- 
operate with the AOC will not be allowed 
even one of the 330,000 ordained clergymen 
in this country. The congregation must 
supply its own pulpit from the laity until 
the members grow sick of it and repent, n 

March 1980 



news from the Brethren Church 

West Alexandria Brethren Church 
wins 40 new converts in 1979 

West Alexaiidria, Ohio — The 

West Alexandria First Brethren 
Church added five new Chris- 
tians to its membership in 
October, ten in November, and 
fifteen in December. For the 
1979 year, 40 new Christians 
were added to the church. Be- 
sides these, many members who 
had not been to worship for 
years recommitted their lives 
to Christ. 

Average morning worship 
attendance at West Alexandria 
for the last three months of 
1979 went from 114 in October, 
to 139 in November, and to 148 
in December. 

This exciting growth all be- 
gan last March when Rev. 

Charles Ankney, pastor of the 
West Alexandria Church, began 
a church growth seminar. The 
seminar met every Wednesday 
night for six weeks. 

At the conclusion of the six 
weeks, the church set some 
goals. These were agreed upon 
after much prayer and seeking 
of the will of the Lord. The 
accompanying chart shows the 
goals and what was achieved by 
the end of the year. 

The only area in which the 
church did not achieve its goal 
was in Sunday school attend- 
ance. But even so, average Sun- 
day school attendance almost 
doubled from the beginning to 
the end of the year. 

The church set another goal 
in March — the most important 
goal of all. That was to win 20 
new Christians by the end of 
the year. God doubled that and 
gave them 40! 


Dec. '79 

Sunday school average attendance 



Morning worship average attendance 



Sunday night average attendance 



Wednesday night average attendance 



Brethren Pastors' Conference 
scheduled for April 29 -May 1 

The 1980 Brethren Pastors' 
Conference will be held at 
Massanetta Springs, Virginia, 
April 29 — ^May 1. The pastors 
will be joined by their wives, 
who will also hold their confer- 
ence at the same time. 

Featured speaker for the pas- 
tors will be Dr. Robert Sho- 
walter, who will bring a morn- 
ing and an evening message on 
Wednesday, April 30. The pas- 
tors will also consider various 
approaches to pastoral ministry, 
as seven Brethren pastors share 
how they conduct their particu- 
lar ministries. 

Mrs. Ruth Bronk Stoltzfus 
will be the speaker for the 
pastors' wives. On Wednesday 
morning she will bring a mes- 
sage on "What Some People 
Have Said About Women" (sub- 
titled "We Know How to Use a 
Grain of Salt"). And Wednesday 
afternoon she will consider 
"What the Bible Says About 
Women's Work, Worth, Role" 

(subtitled "What We Always 
Needed to Know and Never 
Were Told"). 

The conferences will begin at 
7:00 p.m. on Tuesday evening, 
April 29, and conclude with 
lunch on Thursday, May 1. The 
cost for a pastor alone will be 
$37.50, for a pastor and his wife, 
$70.00. This includes registra- 
tion, lodging for two nights, and 
meals on Wednesday (three) 
and Thursday (two). 

Much of the growth came 
after prayer groups were start- 
ed. Eight small prayer groups 
were begun in preparation for 
revival services which were held 
in September. According to 
Rev. Ankney, prayer changed 
things. God began to work even 
before the revival services 
started, and the church has con- 
tinued to experience God-sent 
revival ever since. 

Registrations for the confer- 
ences are to be sent to Pastor 
Jim Rowsey, Saint James, 
Maryland 21781. A $5.00 fee is 
to accompany the registration. 

Brethren AC student Linda Waters 
named to "Who's Who' 


Linda Waters, a member of 
the Waterloo, Iowa, First Breth- 
ren Church, was one of 29 stu- 
dents from Ashland College 
selected for the 1979-80 edition 
of Who's Who Among- Students 
in American Universities and 
Colleges. Linda is the daughter 
of Rev. and Mrs. Ronald L. 
Waters of Waterloo. She is in 

her last semester at Ashland, 
where she is majoring in ele- 
mentary education. 

Students are chosen for Who's 
Who on the basis of their aca- 
demic achievements, service to 
the community, leadership in 
extracurricular activities, and 
future potential. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Town and Country Church 
says "Thank you" 

The Town and Country Com- 
munity Church family would 
like to thank all the Brethren 
churches, W.M.S., Laymen, 
BYC, Brotherhood, Sisterhood, 
and any other groups or indi- 
viduals who have been praying 
for us and who continue to 
pray for our work and the work 
of all Home Mission churches. 

We could tell in the month of 
January that many people were 
bathing us in prayer. We thank 
you for your prayers, letters of 
encouragement, and financial 
help for our work. 

We at Town and Country 
have been blessed with a won- 
derful couple as our first tent- 
makers. Sue and Gene McCon- 
ahay have been with us from 
the beginning. They have been 
knocking on doors inviting peo- 
ple to come and worship with 
us. They have been willing to 
do whatever needed to be done 
and have always gone that 
extra mile in their work for the 
Lord. They have been lonely 
with family being 1200 miles 
away. I thank Gene, Sue, and 
Andrew McConahay for their 
willingness to stick it out during 
some difficult times. They have 
been a real answer to prayer. 

I would also like to publicly 
thank Cliff Vandemark of the 
Bryan, Ohio, Brethren Church 
for his eight months of tent- 
making for us. Cliff did a great 
job with the young people and 
is missed very much by all of 

We now have a new tent- 
maker on board — ^Donna Shank. 
Donna has taken over the Youth 
Sunday School Class and is 
working with the young people. 
We are very happy to have 
Donna with us. She has a lot of 
gifts and is using them for 
Christ in her ministry here at 
Town and Country. 

Our newest tentmaker is 
Mabel Hepler of the Berlin, 
Pennsylvania, Brethren Church. 
Mabel is here for a short period 

of time this winter, and we are 
thankful to her for her devo- 
tion. Her husband, John, passed 
away in June, and she felt the 
need to venture forth in serving 
God where He needs her. 

Mabel's coming was a God- 
send, for it gave Sue McCon- 
ahuy a break from teaching her 
Sunday school class. Sue has 
been teaching in Sunday school, 
leading singing in morning wor- 
ship, plus working. She also be- 
came a new mother a little over 
a year ago. 

In addition to teaching Sue's 
Sunday school class, Mabel is 
helping the pastor with office 
work, door to door surveying. 

and is leading a woman's Bible 
study using the book What 
Happens When Women Pray? 

Thank you, Mabel, for coming 
and giving of yourself for three 
months. This took a great step 
of faith on your part. 

The other person who needs 
some accolades is my wife, 
Donna. For over two years she 
has been the nursery worker 
for morning worship, Sunday 
school teacher, secretary to the 
pastor, worked a full-time job, 
and been a mother and wife. 
I thank God for Donna's devo- 
tion to God's work in Tampa. 
— Dale Ru Lon 

Richard Allison to lead workshop 
af N. Ohio S.S. Convention 

Dr. Richard Allison, assistant 
professor of Christian education 
at Ashland Theological Semin- 
ary, will be one of the workshop 
leaders at the Northern Ohio 
Sunday School Convention to 
be held April 24-26. Dr. Allison, 
who is also president of the 
Board of Christian Education of 
the Brethren Church, will be 
leading workshops on adult 
Christian education. 

Rev. Rodney Toews of Gospel 
Light publications will address 
one general session of the con- 
vention and lead four work- 
shops. Rev. Toews was a speak- 
er and workshop leader at the 

1979 General Conference of the 
Brethren Church. 

Also speaking at the conven- 
tion will be Dr. Gene Getz, well- 
known author of several books, 
including The Measvire of a 
Man, The Measure of a Woman, 
and The Measure of a Church. 
Dr. Getz will address three gen- 
eral sessions. 

The convention will be held 
at the Arlington Memorial Bap- 
tist Church in Akron, Ohio. 
Northern Ohio Brethren desir- 
mg more information about this 
convention may contact the 
Board of Christian Education, 
524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 

Registration information available 
from Brethren Peace Coordinator 

President Carter's call for the 
registration of young people for 
Selective Service is much in the 
news. This is an area of concern 
for Brethren young people as 

Any pastor or young person 
wanting information and advice 
on registration should contact 
Rev. Doc Shank, Peace Coor- 
dinator, Route 3, Box 45, Edin- 
burg, Va. 22824. 

March 1980 



Survey by Christianity Today suggests 
1980 may be ''Decade of the Evangelicals 

Carol Stream, 111. — Nearly 31 
million American adults are 
evangelical Christians. Almost 
40 million Americans ages 18 
and older have had a life-chang- 
ing religious experience in which 
they asked Jesus Christ to be 
their personal Savior. 

Statistics like these caused 
pollster George Gallup to spec- 
ulate that the 1980s might well 
become "the decade of the evan- 

In a study commissioned by 
the evangelical bi-monthly mag- 
azine Christianity Today, the 
Gallup organization and its 
affiliate — the Princeton Religion 
Research Center — discovered 
among other things: 
— Almost half of American 
adults — 69 million — hope to go 
to heaven only because of their 
personal faith in Jesus Christ. 
— More than 8 of every 10 per- 
sons believe Jesus Christ is 

— At least 65 million adults be- 
lieve the Bible is inerrant. 

Some findings in the 272-page 
study were predictable. For ex- 
ample, almost everyone (£4 per- 
cent) believes in God or in a 
universal spirit. However, some 
statistics proved surprising: 
nearly 30 million American 
adults consider themselves Pen- 
tecostal or charismatic, but of 
those almost 24 million have 
not spoken in tongues. 

In accordance with its cus- 
tomary procedures, the Gallup 
staff interviewed a representa- 
tive sampling of the American 
population in scientifically se- 
lected localities. The survey in- 
cluded 1,500 private interviews 
with a general audience and 
more than 1,000 mailed ques- 
tionnaires from clergymen. Gall- 
up called the poll "the most 
comprehensive study we have 
ever done in the area of 

Gallup told Christianity To- 
day that evangelicals' strength 
is growing: "The fact that 20 
percent of all adults are evan- 

gelicals . . . and that we find 
in our surveys of teenagers that 
they are more evangelical than 
their elders, all indicate that the 
movement will gain in strength." 

Unlike nonevangelicals, said 
Gallup, evangelicals are more 
willing to give their money and 
time to their churches, are more 
likely to want their pastors to 
speak out on social and political 
issues, and are more willing to 
witness verbally about their 
faith: "Their effect on the shape 
of the l£80s could be profound." 

Christianity Today began in- 
vestigating such a poll early in 

1978. A primary purpose was 
to determine how well people 
translate what they say they 
believe into how they live. 

The December 21, 1979, issue 
of Christianity Today introduced 
the poll and provided an initial 
survey of religious views of the 
general populace and some of 
the more significant findings 
about evangelicals. Subsequent 
issues of the magazine analyze 
specific areas of the poll, includ- 
ing the charismatic phenomena, 
Americans' attitudes toward the 
Bible, the American clergy, and 
American church life. 

Effort to restore prayer 
to schools needs support 

This year brings the best 
opportunity since the Supreme 
Court decisions of 1C62 and 
1963 to restore voluntary prayer 
to public schools. But personal 
letters and phone calls to mem- 
bers of the House of Represent- 
atives are necessary in order to 
bring it about. 

Last year Sen. Jesse Helms 
(R.-N.C.) introduced an amend- 
ment forbidding federal courts 
to review any case related 
to voluntary prayers in public 
schools. The Senate passed 
this amendment, but tacked 
it onto S 450, a bill which 
opponents felt would die in the 
House Judiciary Committee be- 
cause of the committee chair- 
man's opposition to it. The plan 
is working, for so far the bill 
has lain dormant. 

In order to force the amend- 
ment onto the House floor. Rep. 
Philip Crane (R.-Ill.) has ini- 
tiated Discharge Petition No. 7. 
If this petition succeeds, the 
House will be forced to vote 
Yea or Nay on the subject of 
voluntary prayer in America's 
public schools. 

In order for the petition to 
succeed, it needs the signatures 

of 218 Representatives. Of 881 
discharge petitions attempted 
since 1919, only 25 have succeed- 
ed. But the 25 show that it can 
be done. Rep. Crane reports 
that already more than 50 
Representatives have signed. 

Your Representative needs 
your urging to sign Discharge 
Petition No. 7. Write or call 
your Representative and state 
clearly and forcefully your sup- 
port for voluntary prayer in 
public schools. Then urge him 
or her to sign this petition. 

Passage of this bill would not 
put prayer back in all schools, 
but it would allow individual 
districts to decide. Further, it 
would announce to the world 
that we deplore the total sepa- 
ration of God from public 

"God has asked you to be His 
ambassador, an ambassador 
from the Court of Heaven to 
deliver a message to every one 
of the four billion people who 
live on this planet and especially 
the 2.5 billion who have never 

Billy Graham at the Urbana 
79 Student Missions Convention. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

The Friendship Factor 

by Alan Loy McGinnis 

This book has something good for every- 
one — and it's in paperback. 

McGinnis explores examples ''of the 
manner in which Jesus Christ modeled for 
us His skillful handling of human personal- 
ities and His relatedness with them." 

"You'll wish you had read the book 
years ago." 

Augsburg Publishing House 

1979, 192 pages 

$8.95 cloth; $2.25 paper 


"What the world needs 
now is love " the love 
of God sheid abroad in 
our hearts Christian books will help you to 
love your world for Jesus' sake 

Same chapter titles 

The Rich Rewards of Friendship 

The Art of Self -Disclosure 

Love Is Something You Do 

A Coffee-Cup Concept of Marriage 

How to Improve Your Conversational 

When Tears Are a Gift from God 

Five Techniques to Help You Get 
Angry Without Becoming Destructive 

Ways to Salvage a Faltering Friendship 

No One Bats 1000 

You Can Be Lovable 

We Want To Be Your 

Please send 

copies of The Friendship Factor. 

Enclose $2.25 per book (Ohio residents add 11<;': tax per book). We'll pay the 

Name [ 





Clip and send to The Carpenter's Shop, 709 Claremont Ave., Ashland, OH 44805. 

The Carpenter's Shop 
709 Claremont Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 


Urbana 79 Student Missions Convention 
sets attendance and commitment records 

Urbana, 111.— A record number 
of young people attended Ur- 
bana 79, the 12th Student Mis- 
sions Convention sponsored by 
Inter-Varsity. Total registration 
for the convention, held Decem- 
ber 27-31, v^as 16,496, making 
this the largest student gather- 
ing of its kind in history. 

Urbana 79 also registered the 
largest number of commitments 
to overseas service and the 
largest offerings collected for 
relief and evangelistic work in 
the twelve conventions held 
since 1946. 

Billy Graham, speaking to a 
packed assembly hall on Decem- 
ber 30, admonished the 16,500 
student delegates to "be cou- 
rageous and stay in your seats" 
unless heartfelt willingness to 
follow Christ forced them up 
individually. But when the in- 
vitation to publicly show com- 
mitment was offered, nearly the 
entire assembly hall quickly rose 
in a mass response unseen in 
previous conventions. 

James Conway, head of the 
convention counseling service, 
explained the near-total re- 
sponse as a genuine reaction by 
serious Christian students to the 
despair of the late 70's. Uncer- 
tainty over energy supplies and 
threats to world peace have 
helped foster a "let's get serious 
about missions now" attitude 
among North American colle- 
gians, he said. 

John Kyle, Inter-Varsity's 
missions director, suggested we 
may be seeing the start of a 
new student volunteer move- 

To follow up on delegates who 
made decisions at the conven- 
tion, more than 100 one-day con- 
ferences were held in February. 
The conferences, titled "Urbana 
Onward," were designed not 
only to help Urbana 79 dele- 
gates follow through on the 
commitments they made at the 
convention, but also to involve 
other students who were not 
able to attend the convention. 

Because of the tremendous re- 
sponse to Urbana 79, Inter- 
Varsity president Dr. John W. 
Alexander has announced that 
the Urbana Missions Convention 

will now be held every two 
years. The conventions, which 
began in 1948, have been held 
every three years since that 

Mt. Olive Brethren Church 
welcomes new pastor 

Elkton, Va. — Despite delayed 
arrival due to a snowstorm, 
and a ten day delay in delivery 
of vital furniture and clothing, 
the Hollingers are now settled 
in at the Mt. Olive Brethren 

The Mt. Olive congregation 
welcomed its new minister on 
Sunday, January 13. Following 
an inspiring installation mes- 
sage and service conducted by 
Rev. C. Y. Gilmer, a fellowship 
lunch was enjoyed by 133 mem- 
bers and friends of the church. 

Rev. Gene R. Hollinger comes 
to Virginia from the First 
Brethren Church in Gratis, 
Ohio. He has also served pas- 
torates in Indiana and Iowa. A 
native of southwestern Ohio, 
Rev. Hollinger is a graduate of 
Ashland College and Theological 
Seminary. He also received his 
Master of Divinity degree from 
the seminary in 1979. In 1978 

he participated in a study tour 
of Israel. 

Gene and his wife, Rita, have 
four children and two grandchil- 
dren. Brian and Gwendy are 
attending local schools, and 
Rhonda will join the family this 
month. While it was an emo- 
tional wrench leaving their 
other daughter, Paige, and their 
grandchildren in Ohio, the 
Hollingers commented that they 
have been impressed by the 
friendliness of those they have 
met and the beauty of the 
mountains in Virginia. 

We at Mt. Olive are richly 
blessed and most grateful that 
God has directed a man of Rev. 
Hollinger's calibre to us. We ask 
you to pray with us that we 
may seek and follow God's direc- 
tion in this new phase of our 
Christian growth. 

— Odessa B. Shelton 

New filmstrip catalog available 
from Bd. of Christian Ed. 

The Board of Christian Edu- 
cation has announced the publi- 
cation of a new catalog for the 
filmstrip rental library. This 
index to over 500 titles of film- 
strips and training tapes is 
scheduled to be off the press and 
in the mail by mid-March. 

Brethren churches that re- 
quest a copy of the catalog will 
be sent one free of charge. 
Additional copies may be pur- 
chased at the reduced price of 
$2.25, which includes postage. 

All Brethren churches were 

sent order blanks late in Jan- 
uary. If your church did not 
receive one, however, please 
contact the National BCE. 

Churches not affiliated with 
the Brethren Church are also 
being offered the filmstrip cat- 
alog and are invited to make 
use of the rental library. In this 
way, the total cost of operating 
the filmstrip rental library is 
spread over a larger number of 
customers, allowing the library 
program more income to pro- 
vide a greater range of titles and 
subject matter. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Problem of missionary dropouts 
discussed at Urbana 79 

Urbana, 111. — The problem 
of missionary dropouts has 
stumped church leaders ever 
since John Mark abandoned 
Paul in Pamphylia. 

Why some sincere recruits 
fail was the topic of a panel of 
mission leaders at Urbana 79, 
the triennial missionary conven- 
tion sponsored by Inter-Varsity 
Christian Fellowship. 

Given the rising cost of re- 
cruitment and training, the re- 
sultant sense of failure for the 
worker and embarrassment for 
the agency, and the loss to the 
overseas team, all panelists 
agreed that the fallout problem 
is critical. Mission executives 
and pastors are increasingly 
concerned about the reasons lor 
dropouts and are searching for 
corrective measures. 

Personal factors were cited as 
most important by the panel. 
Gordon McDonald, pastor of 
Grace Chapel in Lexington, Mas- 
sachusetts, noted the lack of 
adequate pastoral care of mis- 
sionaries. "Too much is assumed 
about a missionary's spiritual 
life," he said. "We presume they 
are strong only to discover 
marital and other relational 

Problems start long before 
the missionary reaches foreign 
soil, insisted McDonald. "Re- 
cruitment is largely divorced 
from the church. I've had agen- 
cies send me recommendation 
forms to fill out for individuals 
who, I learned later, had already 
been accepted. It's absurd," he 
said. "It's the job of the church 
to grow missionaries, not to just 
allocate a budget and run a 
missions conference." He sug- 
gested that church leadership 
should begin to identify promis- 
ing teenagers and "liberate them 
to hear God's call to missions." 

Disillusionment with worka- 
day life on the field — a life far 
removed from romantic visions 
of adventure and travel — sends 
many first-termers heading for 
home. For some recruits who 
come directly out of Christian 
schooling and seminary, the 

secular world is too hard to 
handle, noted Ruth Siemens, 
Overseas Counseling Specialist 
for Inter-Varsity Christian Fel- 
lowship. "Missionaries need sec- 
ular experience. They need to 
read widely. They need to be 
involved in U.S. culture before 
they can hope to tackle adjust- 
ment to foreign culture." 

But the individual's spiritual 
maturity was the recurring 
theme voiced by panel members. 
David Adeney, former mission- 
ary and currently a missions 
administrator, acknowledged the 
difficulty of relational break- 
down between team members 
and the lack of adequate train- 
ing in "community life," but 
cited the primary factor in fall- 
out as "the missionary's walk 
with God. Will they follow the 
Lord whatever the cost?" 

Latin American missions exe- 
cutive Samuel Escobar ques- 

tioned typical definitions of 
"failure." Some who stay on the 
field despite ineffectiveness are 
greater failures than those who 
return to follow other types of 
service. In today's vocational 
milieu, the average person goes 
through at least one career 
change, possibly two or more. 
It may no longer be fair, then, 
to indict as "failure" a person 
who serves five to ten years 
overseas and then changes 

Inter-Varsity's strong com- 
mitment to local church involve- 
ment in the discipleship and 
sending process was noted as a 
hopeful sign. McDonald predict- 
ed more of a dovetailing of 
parachurch (mission agency) 
and congregational concerns in 
the decade ahead, reducing the 
dropout rate by identifying 
problems and providing reme- 
dial spiritual help. 

Gil Dodds to be honored in 
Wheaton College fitness center 

Wheaton, III. — A Lifetime Fit- 
ness Center to be built on the 
Wheaton College campus will 
include a running track to be 
known as the Gil Dodds Memo- 
rial Jogging Track. It will honor 
the former All-American runner 
who served as Wheaton track 
coach for more than ten years. 

The former Wheaton coach 
was well known in the Brethren 
Church. The son of a Brethren 
minister, Gilbert Dodds grew up 
in Falls City, Nebraska, where 
he became a member of the 
Falls City Brethren Church. 

Dodds attended Ashland Col- 
lege where he established him- 
self as a star distance runner. 
He was named to the All- 
American track team in 1941 
and was inducted into the Ash- 
land College All Sports Hall of 
Fame in 1968. 

From 1964 to 1C65 Dodds 
served as pastor of the Roanoke, 
Indiana, Brethren Church. He 




later went to the Naperville, 111., 
Central High School where he 
served as a counselor until his 
death, February 3, 1977. 

The Gil Dodds Memorial Jog- 
ging Track will have a synthetic 
surface, timing lights, and 
banked curves, and will be en- 
hanced with landscaping. In 
addition to the track, the Life- 
time Fitness Center will house 
a swimming pool, racquet/hand- 
ball courts, exercise physiology 
center, and classrooms. Con- 
struction of the $4.3 million 
center is expected to begin this 

March 1980 



Calendar of Events 

Beginning with this issue, the Evangelist will carry 
each month a Calendar of Events. This list of 
denominational and district activities will serve as 

(1) a reminder to those involved in the meetings; 

(2) a prayer list, so that we can pray for the various 
activities; (3) an aid to scheduling other events (in 
order that conflicts may be avoided on the one hand, 
and on the other hand, that some meetings may be 
held at the same time to reduce travel). 

This Calendar will only include events of a de- 
nominational or district nature or that involve repre- 
sentatives from a number of churches. It will not 
include items from local churches. A local church 
wanting to publicize an upcoming event may send 
a news release for inclusion in update. 

MARCH— World Missions 

8 Ohio Conference, Delaware 
14-15 Executive Committee, South Bend 
16 Florida Conference, Bradenton 
30 Palm Sunday 

APRII^-World Relief 

6 Easter 
11-13 Southwest Conference, N.W. 

Chapel, Tucson 
22-23 Ashland Theological Seminary 
Church Growth Workshop 
with Lyle E. Schaller 
22-25 Washing-ton Insight Seminar for 
Pastors and Laymen 
25 Ashland College Board of Trustees 
29-30 Pastors' Conference, Massanetta 
Springs (Harrisonburg), Va. 
MAY— Youth Offering 

1 Pastors' Conference concludes 

2 W.M.S. Spring Board Meeting 
2-3 BCE Board Meeting, Ashland 

9-10 Leadership Group, Camp Bethany 
JUNE — Ministerial Student Aid 

12-14 Indiana District Conference 

17-19 Central Conference, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

17-19 Pennsylvania Conference, Camp Peniel 

24-26 Southeast Conference, St. James, Md. 

11-15 General Conference, Ashland 
SEPTEMBER— Publications 
OCTOBER— Ashland Colleig-e 

9-11 Midwest Conference, Mulvane 
NOVEMBER— Home Missions 
DECEMBER— Christian Education 

5 Leadership Group, Ashland Park Street 

6 Exec. Committee, Ashland Park Street 

Membership Growth 

Roann: 3 by baptism, 3 by transfer 


Mr. & Mrs. Sherman Provines, 63rd, February 10. 
Members of the First Brethren Church, Roann, 

Mr. & Mrs. Paul Garrison, 50th, February 9. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, Burlington, Ind. 
Mr. & Mrs. Hugrh Slee, 50th, January 25. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, Roann, Ind. 
Mr. & Mrs. Bay Warren, Sr., 62nd, January 18. 
Members of the First Brethren Church, North 
Manchester, Ind. 


Deanna Tinkel to Larry Ladd, December 15, at 
the Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church; Paul 
Tinkel, Arthur Tinkel, and Claude Stogsdill offi- 
ciating. Bride a member of the Meadow Crest 
Brethren Church, Fort Wayne, Ind. Groom a mem- 
ber of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. 
Kathleen Oris wold to Mark Gast, October 27, at 
the Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church; Claude 
Stogsdill, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 
the Warsaw First Brethren Church. 
Connie Sand to Mark Klinger, September 1, at 
the Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church; Claude 
Stogsdill, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 
the Warsaw First Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Anna Fay Waters, 20, January 29. Member for 

42 years of the Loree Brethren Church, Route 1, 

Bunker Hill, Ind. Services by Rev. Austin Gable. 

Ernest Kern, 61, January 16. Deacon and lifelong 

member of the Oakville, Ind., Brethren Church. 

Services by Wes Ellis, pastor. 

Jesse Shaffer, 76, January 4. Member of the North 

Manchester, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services 

by Woodrow Immel, pastor. 

Albert Hartman, 82, December 13. Member of the 

Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services 

by Claude Stogsdill, pastor. 

Leah Schuder, 76, November 21. Member of the 

Milford, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 

Claude Stogsdill. 

Greg Holloway, 29, November 16. Member of the 

Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 

Claude Stogsdill, pastor. 

Foster Davenport, 83, September 14. Member and 

deacon of the Teegarden, Ind., Brethren Church. 

Services by James Gilmer, pastor, and Claude 


Concerning Jim Gilmer's article on peace: Thank 
you for your very timely and costly article in 
this time of rampant nationalism. Yes, it will cost 
us to follow the gospel way of peace, but it is 
time that our declaration of allegiance to Jesus 
Christ as our Lord is heard loud and clear. 

—Don Snell 


The Brethren Evangelist 


As church growth thinking influences more people 
and nnore churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARN, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Question. Our church is doing well, buildings 
are adequate, we enjoy good fellowship and fine 
preaching. Why should be we interested in addi- 
tional growth which could spoil what we presently 

Answer. Perhaps the greatest "heresy" of 
the 20th century is the self-centeredness of today's 
church. In a world where three out of four have 
yet to believe, in a country where 160 million or 
more are pagans or marginal Christians, the self- 
centered/self-satisfied church is really a disobedi- 
ent church. Disobedient to its Lord whose express 
command is to "go and make disciples." 

Did you realize that to effectively evangelize 
America, present churches must significantly ex- 
pand and thousands upon thousands of new 
churches must be established? Much, much work 
remains to be done. When you and your church 
become fully committed to people beyond your 
present walls, you will find unmet needs and hurt- 
ing people waiting to find new life and new hope 
through Christ and your church. 

Question. Our church growth efforts seem to 
have failed. What do you recommend? 

Answer. Churches that fail in their growth 
efforts usually fail first in their view of mission. 
Observing "casualties on the battlefield" of church 
growth, one soon discovers that churches inter- 
ested only in institutional enlargement often 
falter. On the other hand, churches truly inter- 
ested in reaching and winning people, making 
disciples, and incorporating them into the body, 

Retrace your steps and look carefully at the 
biblical and theological convictions for your 
growth efforts. Then identify relevant growth 
principles. Then from these growth principles 
develop a variety of methods. Identify growth 
restricting obstacles and remove them at all cost. 
Monitor these efforts to see if they are, in fact, 
producing growth. Don't allow a few setbacks to 
dampen your spirit. Remember, there is no one 
universal formula for every church. There are 
thousands of formulas and each church must find 
that combination of ingredients, based on its loca- 
tion, its pastor, its convictions, and its community 
that produces growth. 

Question. Our church just celebrated its tenth 
birthday. Growth has not been outstanding, but 
not disheartening either. A suggestion was recent- 
ly made to consider starting a new church twelve 

miles away. Any thoughts on this? 

Answer. Planting a church could provide a 
great new focal point of commitment for your 
church. It is a creative way of reaching new peo- 
ple, extending the ministry of your church to new 
areas, and involving more lay members. Planting a 
church often unifies the mother church through a 
common goal and involves members who would 
otherwise be left out. And these are only the bene- 
fits to the parent church. New church members 
often find an involvement and commitment to the 
church and to reaching people they had not known 
in the older church. 

Be careful, though, to make an analysis of re- 
ceptivity and the kind of people your new church 
will be trying to reach. Study the implications of 
reaching these groups in the ministry area where- 
in the church will be located. 


. . . please let us know. 

1. Give old address: 



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City State 


Date new address in effect 

3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 

March 1980 





As you sent yne 

into the world, 

I have sent them 


Tlluana \ ~" 

MEXICO Mexico Gity 




* Fenang; 



into the world. 

John 17:18, NIV 

Buenos Aires 

As God sent His most precious Son into the world that 
we might be saved, let us consider the goals below and 
pray that God will open our hearts, enabling us to give 
generously and sacrificially throughout this year. 



1 . $370,000 for the support of missionaries 
and mission programs. 

2. Intercessory prayer for our missionaries 
as they work in the different fields 
throughout the year. 

3. Setting aside of new missionary 
candidates for future mission 

The Missionary Board of the Brethren Church 

530 College Avenue, Ashland, Ohio 44805 



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"My children, do not cry for me," 

Said the Man from Galilee. 
''Do not despair, all is not lost. 

It was necessary for me to bear this cross. 

**I have already endured much for your sake. 
But my Spirit they cannot take. 
I am the Son of God 
And ye must travel the road I have trod. 

*'I will endure 'til the end, 
I will die 

But I shall rise again 
To live for eternity. 

"No, do not cry for me, 
For I am come to set you free. 
My only plea is that you listen to me. 
Just allow me to set you free. 

"For that was my mission. 
From my Father, 

To come and seek and save those who are lost 
By dying on this cross." 

Vicky Gilbert 

Vicky Gilbert is a member of the Oak Hill, West 
Virginia, First Brethren Church. 


I saw the hungry 

Large eyes pleading, thin arms reaching 
For something to fill their bloated emptiness. 
So why am I eating this second piece of cake? 

I've seen parched fields, sand covered gardens 
Where mothers wait 
By empty cisterns and dry wells. 
So why am I running water down the drain? 

I saw them shivering in the cold 
Rags scarcely covering the body, 
Bare feet shuffling along cold earthen paths. 
So why am I planning a new wardrobe? 

There are thousands homeless — 
Beggars, disfigured by leprosy — 
Orphaned love-starved children. 
So why am I feeling sorry for myself? 

Christless. They've never heard 
I know the answer to their soul's longing; 
They are the harvest ready for reaping. 
So why am I here doing nothing? 

by Gladys L. Sharp 
(REAP International. Used by permission.) 

The Brethren Evangelist 

^1^""^ The Brefhren ^ • j 


In its 1 02nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editors: 

John D. Rowsey 
Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $/.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75^ 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


He lives.' This is the message 
of Easter. And because He lives, 
we shall live also. The experi- 
ence of the risen Christ is to he 
ours as well. See pai>es 4 and 8 
for articles which proclaim this 

Vol. 102, No. 4 

April 1980 

I Believe in the Resurrection of the Body 

Rev. Robert Hoffman sets forth the biblical basis for the Chris- 
tian's belief in bodily resurrection. 

"Would You Do It Again?" 

Retired pastor L. V. King answers the question, "Would you 
go into the pastoral ministry again?" 

Focusing on the Word 
8 Something to Shout About 

In a study of Ephesians 2:1-10, Richard Allison finds "some- 
thing to shout about." 

World Relief 

11 A Letter from Phil Lersch 




Tomas Remembers "Fifi" 

Lillian H. Graffam tells how World Relief provided physical 
and spiritual help when Hurricane Fifi destroyed much of 
Tomas' village. 

"I Was a Stranger . . . and You Invited Me In" 

An interview with Herbert Oldham of Glendale Heights, III., 
who sponsored the resettlement of a Vietnamese refugee family. 

Helping More People 

Phil Lersch reports on other persons touched by our concern 
and financial World Relief efforts. 



Casting a Long Shadow 

Dr. Betty Brodbeck urges Christian students to develop their 
minds in order to extend their influence in our world. 

Campus Ministry Gains Momentum 

A report on the Ashland College Campus Ministry by the min- 
istry staff. 


10 The Salt Shaker 

17 People Are Asking . . . 

21 Letters 

22 Update 

April 1980 

I Believe in 

the Resurrection of the Body 

THE Christian church down through the 
centuries has held a strong behef in 
the resurrection. The early church did not 
hesitate to include this doctrine in its creeds. 
The Apostles' Creed states very definitely, 
**I believe in . . . the resurrection of the 
body. . . ." It is surprising, therefore, how 
little many Christians today know about 
this doctrine. 

The resurrection is a subject which 
should be of interest to each of us. There 
is not one of us who has not had a loved 
one leave this life. 

The doctrine also has practical implica- 
tions, as the Apostle Paul demonstrated in 
I Corinthians 15. There Paul states, 'If the 
dead are not raised, 'Let us eat and drink, 
for tomorrow we die'" (I Cor. 15:32b, 
RSV). It is clearly Paul's implication that 
the dead do rise, and therefore our lives 
are to be more than just eating and 

Our beliefs about life after death and the 
resurrection must be founded on what the 
Bible says. They cannot be based on our 
feelings. Nor can they depend on what some 
philosopher or sociologist says, or on some 
vague scientific evidence, or on the testi- 
mony of some current spiritualist. Our 
confidence and our conviction must rest on 
the clear and certain teaching of Scripture. 

I believe that Jesus Christ knew what 
He was talking about when He said, ''Mar- 
vel not at this: for the hour is coming, in 
the which all that are in the graves shall 

Rev. Hoffman is an 
active member of the 
Berlin, Pa., Brethren 
Church and part-time 
pastor of a small 
Church of the Brethren 

by Robert L. Hoffman 

hear his voice, and shall come forth; they 
that have done good, unto the resurrection 
of life; and they that have done evil, unto 
the resurrection of damnation" (John 5: 

The clearest teaching on the resurrection 
is found in the New Testament. But what 
the Bible has to say on this subject is not 
limited to the New Testament. This doc- 
trine is found in the Book of Job, which 
some Bible students believe to be one of 
the oldest books in the Bible. 

Job stated his belief in the resurrection 
in these well-known words: "For I know 
that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall 
stand at the latter day upon the earth: 
And though after my skin worms destroy 
this body, yet in my flesh shall I see 
God . . ." (Job 19:25-26). David likewise 
expressed his hope in the resurrection in 
Psalm 16:9-11. 

Not only does the Bible teach resurrec- 
tion, but it teaches that there will be a 
resurrection of both the good and the evil. 
In the passage from John's Gospel quoted 
above, Jesus said, ". . . they that have done 
good [shall come forth] unto the resur- 
rection of life; and they that have done 
evil, unto the resurrection of damnation." 

At the same time, the Bible is clear that 
there is not one great general resurrection 
at the end of the world. Jesus said that 
there is to be a "resurrection of life" and 
a "resurrection of damnation." The Book 
of Revelation reveals that there will be an 
interval of at least a thousand years be- 
tween these two events. (See Revelation 

There is little question but that the resur- 
rection is taught in the Bible. It is also 
clear that the Bib^e is speaking of a resur- 
rection of the body, not a resurrection of 
disembodied spirits. But many Christ^'ans 
today, like the Corinthians of PauFs day, 
want to know, "How are the dead raised 
UD? and with what body do they come?" 
(I Cor. 15:35). 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Belief in the resurrection of the body is part of the 
Easter hope. We shall rise because Christ arose, and our 
bodies will be like His glorious resurrection body. 

Paul answered this question by drawing 
an analogy from nature. He gave the now 
famous illustration of a seed (I Cor. 15: 

Anyone familiar with the way plants 
grow knows that when a grain of wheat 
is planted, it passes through a process of 
death and disorganization as the new plant 
grows out of the old seed. The new grain 
is produced from the new plant that grew 
out of the old grain of wheat that died. 
When the new grain is produced, no one 
would argue that the exact same particles 
that composed the old grain are present in 
the new. New particles have been added 
from the soil, the air, and the sun. But the 
new grain is still recognizable as wheat. 
Thus by his analogy Paul is saying that the 
resurrection body will resemble the old 
body that died, even though the same par- 
ticles will not necessarily be present. 

This answers the objection that is some- 
times raised against the resurrection of the 
body. It is said that since the body decom- 
poses after death and the particles enter 
into new combinations, therefore resurrec- 
tion is impossible. But, as the analogy of 
the grain of wheat shows, this is not a valid 
argument. The same particles need no more 
be present in the resurrection body than 
they are in the new grain. The new body 
''grows" out of the old — that is the miracle 
of the resurrection! 

But what will our bodies be like? The 
Scriptures do not give us a complete 
answer, but what they do tell us is very 

First of all, the Bible teaches us that it 
will be a God-given body. God formed the 
first body. He will also form this one. 

Second, the new body will not be pure 
spirit, as some have taught. It will be like 
Christ's resurrection body. Paul says in 
Philippians 3:21 that Christ will ''change 
our vile body, that it may be fashioned like 
his glorious body. . . ." As we know, 
Christ's resurrection body was not spirit, 
for He invited His disciples to see it, and 
He also ate before them. 

Third, our bodies, hke Christ's, will be 
immortal and incorruptible. They will no 
longer be subject to death and decay. Nor 
will they be subject to present limitations. 

To appreciate this, just recall that Christ's 
resurrected body was not limited by ma- 
terial objects. When the disciples were in 
the upper room, Christ appeared to them 
even though all the doors and windows 
were locked. 

Fourth, the essential nature of our 
bodies will be changed. Paul says in 
I Corinthians 15:50 that "flesh and blood 
cannot inherit the kingdom of God." Blood 
is the vitalizing substance of the physical 
body. Moses stated this thousands of years 
ago in Leviticus 17:11: "For the life of the 
flesh is in the blood." This was not 
thoroughly understood nor appreciated until 
William Harvey discovered the circulation 
of the blood in the 17th century. Since Paul 
says that "flesh and blood cannot inherit 
the kingdom of God, it would appear that 
this vitalizing substance will be replaced by 
one which will not be subject to corruption. 

Our resurrection bodies will be like 
Christ*s. This truth is almost beyond our 
comprehension. We can be sure that this 
new body will be adapted to heavenly uses 
and purposes. In the Transfiguration of 
Christ it appears that we have a glimpse of 
Christ's resurrected body in all its glory. 
Since our bodies will be like His, it is logical 
to assume that they too will be shining and 

We can conclude, therefore, that the 
Bible does teach the truth of the resurrec- 
tion of the body. We do not know every 
detail, but the very outline is enough to go 
beyond our wildest imaginations. 

We know, therefore, that we can look for- 
ward to this great event with a firm faith 
in the purposes of God. This ought to allay 
our undue concern for departed loved ones. 
Since their identity and ours will continue, 
we will know one another and share togeth- 
er the untold glories of the Father's heaven ! 
At the same time, while we remain here on 
earth in our present bodies, the truth of 
the resurrection ought to motivate us as 
never before to our work of helping to win 
the lost. 

You and I can say with the firmest con- 
viction, along with the best tradition of the 


April 1980 

"Would You Do It Again?" 

ONE of the questions usually asked of 
a retired minister is: ''Knowing before- 
hand all the joys as well as the sorrows of 
a minister's life, would you go into the 
pastoral ministry again." 

There are many joys in the life of a faith- 
ful minister. At the end of the day he feels 
he has brought some blessing to a person 
in need. He remembers how he brought 
cheer to the one in the hospital; how he 
helped the housewife who was having fam- 
ily problems; how he encouraged the one 
away from the fold to make a public con- 
fession of Christ at the Sunday service; 
how he helped to wipe away the tears at 
the funeral home. Yes, there are many joys 
that come to a faithful minister. 

But there are also sorrows and disap- 
pointments. One of the hardest is when a 
minister thinks that everything is going 
along nicely only to have a few disgruntled 
members tell him that his work is done and 

Rev. King in the pastor's study at Gretna, Ohio. 

by Rev. L. V. King 

that it's time for him to move to another 
field. I have always felt that if the Lord 
called me to a certain field, he was big and 
kind to tell me when my work was at an 
end. Therefore in a case like this, the few 
who are dissatisfied ought to be big and 
kind enough to work faithfully with the 
majority of the members. 

It is also disheartening to have someone 
assume an office and pledge to be faithful 
before the church, then never work at the 
assigned task. They like the office but not 
the work involved. Thus, they retard the 
work of the church and wonder why the 
pastor is not more successful. 

There are also some things members do 
that they do not want their pastor to do. 
In other words, they believe in a double 
standard of behavior — one for the laity and 
another for the minister. It is true that the 
pastor must set the example. But he sets 
the example for his members to follow. 

But in spite of some prob- 
lems and disappointments, 
would I enter the gospel min- 
istry again? My answer is an 
emphatic "YES." I could not 
do otherwise if I felt the call 
of the Lord. I might enter 
another profession and be 
somewhat happy. But I would 
always feel that I was not 
doing what the Lord wanted 
me to do. 

Of course, if I had to do it 
over again, I would do some 
things differently. I would 
try to profit by my past 
mistakes. Let me list some 
of the important things I 
would try to do better, with 
the hope that it may help 
someone reading this article. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

First, I would endeavor to serve the 
church that called me. It is the church that 
gives me a place to live and pays my salary. 
This means I would avoid becoming a part 
of every organization in the community. I 
also would not exploit the congregation nor 
act as a boss or a dictator. I would want to 
serve them as I would want them to serve 
Christ. In addition, I would want my people 
to realize that I do not know all the an- 
swers. But I would try to be an example to 
the flock. 

Second, I would give much time to devo- 
tions and study. I have found that the ideal 
is for the pastor's study to be at the 

Rev. L V. King 

Lester Vernon King was born in Orrville, 
Ohio, August 12, 1894. He made his public 
confession of Christ in 1908 and later joined 
the Smithville, Ohio, Brethren Church. 

King attended Ashland College from which 
he received his A.B. degree in 1922. That same 
year he was ordained to the gospel ministry. 

In 1917 King married Bessie Jane Hum- 
phrey. Rev. and Mrs. King had five daughters 
— Mary, Jane, Janet, Beatrice, and Bernice. 
Three of these served as missionaries, Janet and 
Beatrice in Nigeria, and Jane in Argentina. 
Beatrice and Jane are now wives of pastors. 

During his 46 years in the pastorate. Rev. 
King served the following churches: 

St. James, Maryland 1922-1925 

New Lebanon, Ohio 1925-1933 

(during which he received 24O members) 
Mexico and Corinth, Indiana 1933-1936 
Oakville, Indiana 1936-1941 

Ashland, Ohio (Park Street) 1941-19 46 
Elkhart, Indiana 1946-1952 

(during which he received 360 members) 
Louisville, Ohio 1952-1961 

Gretna, Ohio 1961-1968 

Rev. King retired from the active pastorate 
June 9, 1968. He presently lives with his daugh- 
ter and son-in-law (Rev. and Mrs. Robert 
Bischof) in New Paris, Indiana. 

church. The reasons are apparent. While in 
my study, I would not want to be disturbed 
by unnecessary callers, either in person or 
by phone. You would be surprised to know 
of some of the phone calls a pastor receives. 
Of course, there are times when I would 
want to be called — such as in cases of ex- 
treme sickness, deep sorrow, or death. When 
members know the pastor does not want to 
be disturbed, they will respect his wishes. 
When a pastor is not interrupted during 
his time of study, his sermons may be 
shorter, but they will be to the point and 

Rev. and Mrs. King at their 50th wedding anni- 
versary in June 1967. Mrs. King passed away July 
10, 1975. 

Third, I would do much calling. I would 
ring doorbells. If I wanted my people to 
call, I would set the example. I would avoid 
calling six times on a pet family and only 
once on another family that needed help. 
In fact, if I had pet members, I would not 
want the congregation to be aware of it. 

Calls need not be long, but must always 
be to the point. A prayer is always helpful. 
Fifteen calls in an afternoon are too many. 
Five calls are not enough. A shut-in said, 
''I do not know that I have a pastor. He 
never calls on me." I would want my people 
to feel that we were one great family in 
the Lord. The number of calls, of course, 
will depend on the size of the membership. 
The larger the church membership, the 
more hospital calls must be made. 

Fourth, I would make much of sacred 
hours — worship services, marriages, 
funerals, baptismal services, dedication of 
children, and Holy Communion. All should 
be hours of deep meaning and devotion. 
Members experience far too little of the 
sacredness of some services. 

Fifth, I would build for a long pastorate. 
We know today that most growing church- 
es have had long pastorates. A great num- 
ber of the Brethren churches in Indiana 
have had from 20 to 30 pastors during their 
history ! 

YES, I would do it again. But I would 
try to do many things differently. I would 
seek to keep my members happy in the 
work of the Lord. He who is busy doing 
good things in the church will not have 
time to cause any disorder. I would look up 
and laugh and love and lift. 

If the Lord has called you to preach, 
then preach. And preach as long as you are 
able. The Lord will tell you when to quit, n 

April 1980 

Focusing on the Word 

In this study of Ephesians 2:1-10, 
Richard Allison finds • . . 

Something to Shout About 

THE Book of Ephesians opens with a 
song. It presents something to sing 
about. This great trinitarian hymn in 
Ephesians 1:3-14 begins by introducing us 
to God the Father who initiates (1:3-6). 
Next it moves to God the Son who institutes 
(1:4-12). Finally it focuses on God the Holy 
Spirit who insures (1:13-14). A mind bent 
on praising God finds words to be poor 
instruments. It's hard to believe that all 
this was written from prison (3:1; 4:1; 

It's only natural that the great apostle 
should move next to prayer. He has some- 
thing to pray about (1:15-23). Paul often 

Dr. Allison is assistant professor of Christian 
education at Ashland Theological Seminary. 

prays for Christian friends. Here he shares 
the specific content of those prayers. They 
focus on the hope to which we have been 
called (1:18), the riches of His glorious 
inheritance (1:18), and the immeasurable 
greatness of His power (1:19). 

At this point, Paul exhausts the resources 
of human language as he explodes with 
four different words to express the idea of 
God's power (1:19). This unstoppable 
power is best seen in the resurrection. And 
Paul reminds Christians that the same 
power that brought Jesus forth from death 
and the grave is available to them. Is it any 
wonder that Paul's prayer trails off into 
ecstasy (1:21-23)? 

This is only the beginning. Not only does 
Ephesians give us something to sing about 


The Brethren Evangelist 

and something to pray about, but it also 
gives us something to shout about. In 
Ephesians (2:1-10) we have the autobio- 
graphy of every Christian. Paul traces the 
well-known route from sinner to saint. 

What we once were (2:1-3) 

Paul begins by detailing what we once 
were: ''dead in trespasses and sins." Created 
in God's image, destined for a life of fellow- 
ship with God, as Adam we chose to go 
our own way, do our own thing. It takes 
two words to describe our condition. ''Tres- 
passes" refers to slipping and falling. It is 
a losing of the way. "Sins" is a hunting 
term which means to miss the mark. This 
doubling of words with very similar mean- 
ings is for purposes of emphasis. 

The sorry plight of persons doing their 
own thing is fully detailed in these verses. 
The central idea is failure. It is a failure 
to keep on the God-directed path, and it 
is a failure to be what God intended us 
to be. 

We all were at one time living under the 
power of evil. That is a part of our pagan 
past. We followed the world's evil ways 
(2:2). We lived with the world's values and 
standards. Christianity calls for forgive- 
ness, but the world calls that weakness. 
Christ calls us to love even our enemies, 
but the world says love your friends and 
hate the enemy. Jesus calls us to serve, but 
the world doesn't know what to make of 
the missionary. The essence of the world 
is self. The essence of Christianity is Christ. 
The world's motive is either profit or power. 
Christ calls us to serve (Mark 10:45). 

Evil is a powerful force in the world. It 
culminates in the malevolent prince and 
power of the air (2:2). Belief in the devil 
gives one a healthy respect for his power. 

In addition, our pagan past is charac- 
terized by disobedience (2:3). Here one is 
reminded of the prodigal son who believed 
that following his own way was better than 
living with the father and doing his will. 
He was living in trespasses and sins and 
needed to come to himself. Paul goes 
further in this vein to describe our former 
state as doing what comes naturally, that 
is, following the passions of our flesh and 
the cravings of our body and mind (2:3). 

The superlative example of this perver- 
sity is found in Esau, whom the writer of 
Hebrews refers to as a "profane" man 
(Hebrews 12:16). This kind of living is 
headed for only one thing, the wrath of 
God (v. 3; cf. Romans 1:18-32). What we 
once were is not a very pretty sight. 

Paul makes clear the terrible predicament 
of what we once were. Thank God he doesn't 

leave us there, but introduces by contrast 
(note the word "but," 2:4) a section on 
God's redeeming and restoring work. 

What God has done in Christ 

Paul expounds what God has done in 
Christ. God breaks in. He acts in mercy and 
love. He saves. He gives new life. Man's 
extremity becomes God's opportunity. 

God's action is threefold. He brings us 
to life in Christ (2:5). He raises us up in 
Him (2:6). And he seats us with Christ in 
the heavenlies (2:6). Sin had killed our 
ideals. Each indulgence made the next a bit 
easier. We needed not more good advice, 
but power for living. God provided that 
power in Christ. The experience of the risen 
Christ is to be ours as well. Just as the 
raising of Christ demonstrates God's power, 
so the raising of Christians demonstrates 
God's grace. 

What we are now (2:8-10) 

God's grace brings us to what we now 
are. The parenthesis in verse five C'by 
grace ye are saved") is expounded (2:8). It 
begins with one of the greatest bits of good 
news that Paul ever discovered. It is that 
no man can put himself right with God by 
his own achievements. Our salvation begins 
with the undeserved goodness of God. Grace 
has to do with God reaching out to us. Faith 
has to do with our reception of God's offer. 
We're like a drowning person, helpless to 
save ourselves, refusing to trust ourselves 
to the rescuer. We struggle and only 
hamper the rescue. Our only hope is to 
cast ourselves on God and his mercy. 

Thus Paul undercuts those who trusted 
in their self -righteousness as a way of sal- 
vation. Grace leaves no room for such a 
stance. As the reformers declared, it is 
alone, by faith alone). No one contributes 
to his own salvation. 

At the same time, Paul teaches that it 
is a mistake to assume that the Christian 
can live carelessly. Hence he calls for good 
works — not as a ground for claiming God's 
favor, but as a consequence of the new life 
in Christ. All the good works in the world 
won't save one. That's by grace alone. But 
once we are put right by God, there is some- 
thing wrong if good works are not forth- 

What we are now, we are because of 
God's grace. He is the one who initiates. 
What we are now was instituted by Christ. 
It is insured by the Spirit. I'd say that's 
worth shouting about. □ 

April 1980 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Anyone who undertakes a worthwhile venture is 
bound to encounter criticism. 


VANNEVAR BUSH commented in 1945 
to President Truman regarding the 
atomic bomb: 'The bomb will never go off, 
and I speak as an expert in explosives." 

High school seniors will do well to re- 
member that there are those present in our 
society who do nothing but criticize and 
doubt. In this society of future shock, we 
need young people (old ones, too) who are 
willing to withstand criticism and to take 

The other day I heard of an elderly lady 
who took her driver's license test and passed 
— after 104 tries! Laughter and possible 
negative suggestions by others did not 
deter her. 

It is quite evident that the person afraid 
of laughter and/or the possibility of failure 
will never succeed. 

In 1902 Harper's Weekly commented, 
'The actual building of roads devoted to 
motor cars is not for the near future, in 
spite of many rumors to that effect." 

In Pennsylvania the Farmer's Anti- 
Automobile Society persuaded the state 
legislature to pass a regulation that stated, 
''If a horse is unwilling to pass an auto- 
mobile, the driver of the motorized vehicle 
should take the machine apart as rapidly 
as possible and conceal the parts in the 
bushes." The governor vetoed the law. But 
the farmers showed determination. They 
didn't give up. They suggested that their 
members should patrol the roads on Sunday 
afternoons and shoot drivers of motor cars ! 

When the great Polish pianist, Ignace 
Paderewski, first chose the piano, he was 
told by a music teacher that his hands were 
too small to master the keyboard. 

And when Benjamin Disraeli, the great 
English statesman, first attempted to speak 
in Parliament, the other members hissed 

him into silence. They laughed when he 
said, "Though I sit down now, the time will 
come when you will hear me!" And they 

Criticism did not discourage these people ; 
rather it proved to be a challenge. No doubt 
it motivated them to work harder. 

One week before the successful flight of 
the Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk, N.C., 
the New York Times wrote of a Prof. 
Langley who was also attempting to build 
a flying machine: "We hope that Prof. 
Langley will not put his substantial great- 
ness as a scientist in further peril by con- 
tinuing to waste his time, and the money 
involved, in further airship experiments. 
Life is short, and he is capable of services 
to humanity incomparably greater than can 
be expected to result from trying to fly." 

That about sums it up. When you try 
something like Prof. Langley, even the so- 
called "experts" will come up and say: "If 
God had intended us to fly, he'd have 
attached propellers to our noses." □ 

Conference Choir Announcement 

The Worship Committee of General Con- 
ference would like to announce the forma- 
tion of a 50-voice choir for the 1980 
Conference. The choir will sing two anthems 
each night, Monday through Thursday. 
Special rehearsal times will be included in 
the Conference schedule to insure a good 

The Worship Committee desires that 
interested singers from across the denom- 
ination plan to attend the 1980 Conference 
and be faithful stewards of the abilities 
God has given them — thus enriching Con- 
ference in a special way. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

world relief 



R B 






Dear Brethren: 

You know from our past reports that 
World ReUef is consistently at work all 
around the world. The statistics about suf- 
fering and need continue to stagger us. In 
some ways they don't need repeating. We 
are amazed and numb at the same time, 
knowing of the conditions thousands of 
people face day after day after day. 

But the amount of '"relief" accomplished 
with evangelicals' money is also amazing. 
The flow of funds and prayer and concern 
"must needs continue." 

This year we are not giving you as many 
facts and figures in this issue of the 
Evangelist (although they are readily avail- 

able). Rather, we are sharing special ac- 
counts of personal involvement in World 
Relief's projects. You know . . . "human 
interest stuff" . . . which probably tells 
better than facts and figures why Christ 
continues His invitation to be compassionate 
"keepers" of our brothers and sisters. As 
we read . . . and ponder . . . and grieve . . . 
and rejoice, may we acknowledge our 

Phil Lersch, for the 
Brethren World Relief Board 

P.S. That heading? Just to arouse your 
curiosity. All titles are in this mag- 
azine somewhere. Fill in the blanks! 

Please Do! 

V2jvt Mm. LeA^ch, 

OuA name^ oaz Chad and Jeiji^. 

OuA Sunday School clai>i> wantdd to havz 
a chancQ. to h^Zp thz boat pnoplo,. We did 
jobi (^OK pzoplo. In ouA chuAch, Likz \xi2.zdtnQ 
and painting a jjence. 

Qua goal Mat $50.00, bat toe e.a/imd $102.00. 
f^Joutd you ptzojid 6(12. that tht6 mondij Lb ttied 
to buy iood, clothing, on. rmdtcim. 

We M-'eAe glad wa could h^lp people who nccd- 
zd holp. 

Vounj, tAuly, 

Chad and Jc{){) 
[dn.ui>hal Bn,cthAzn Chufich, 
Lo6t Cieefe, Ky. ) 

BLANKETS Blankets Blankets BLANKETS 

blankets blankets blankets 
BLANKETS Blankets Blankets BLANKETS 

Just some of the blankets, blankets, blankets, 
blankets, blankets, blankets, blankets, blankets, 
blankets, blankets, blankets, blankets, and blankets 
Brethren women made for World Relief and 
brought to General Conference in Ashland last 
year. Thanks, ladies, for your dedicated practical 
concern for others in Jesus' name! 

April 1980 


World Relief 




by Lillian H. Graffam 

''Si, Senora, I am so happy to be going 
to school!" Tomas flashed a grin. Senora, 
a veteran missionary to Honduras, was 
chatting with a young survivor of Hurri- 
cane Fifi. Fifi almost had wiped out the 
town where he lived. At that time he was 
worried that they might not get another 
school. But now, a year later, they had a 
brand new one! He wouldn't miss even one 
session if he could help it. It was fun to 
learn new things every day. 

Tomas remembered very well the night 
that Hurricane Fifi visited his little Central 
American country. He had gone to bed. Be- 
cause there was a chill in the air he pulled 
the bright woolen blanket up under his 
chin and stared at the fire flickering on the 

But even the warmth of the blanket did 
not bring sleep. He was just too excited. 
Tomorrow he would follow the trail down 
into Quebrada Seca Barrio (Dry Creek 
Village) to the school. He would show 
Juan who was the very best speller in the 
whole school ! 

When he got tired of spelling words to 
himself, he decided to give up and go to 
sleep. As he snuggled under his blanket 
he heard the wind roaring through the tops 
of the tall mahogany trees on the slope 
above the house. And it was raining hard 
too. But it was the rainy season and nobody 
worries about the rain. 

Mrs. Graffam has prepared many personal 
interest stories for us about World Relief Corpora- 
tion projects and their results. This one about 
"Tomas" first appeared in R-A-D-A-R (Standard 
Publishing Company; October 21, 1979) and is used 
with their permission. This is a good story to share 
with the children in your family or class. P.L. 


*5«i -S 

Tomas scrubs mud off cement blocks. 

"Buenos dias, Papa. What is the matter?" 

"Buenos diaSy Tomas. Remember the 
wind and rain last night?" 

"Yes, Papa." 

"That was a hurricane. Fifi — ^I think they 
are calling it. She brought much rain in 
the mountains. Even the mahogany trees 
were uprooted and came crashing down 
with the water. And big rocks too. Come, 
look into Quebrada Seca Barrio." 

Tomas looked. Big trees were thrown 
about like sticks. And Quebrada Seca, that 
little tumbling brook, was now a raging 

Then Tomas became frightened. What if 
those trees crashing down the mountains 
and the rushing water had washed over his 
house last night while he was sleeping! 
Where would he be now? Where would 
Mama and Papa be? 

And what about the school? He looked, 
but couldn't see it from his house. Uprooted 
trees barred his vision. 

"Papa, will I go to school today?" 

"No, Tomas, but when Quebrada Seca 
is no longer rushing we will go down to 
the barrio and see if the teacher is there." 

It wasn't until next day that they were 
able to go down into the village of Dry 
Creek. The rushing water had gone^ — but 
nothing looked the same. Trees and houses 
were missing, and other buildings were 
almost buried in mud. And sadly, some of 
Tomas' schoolmates were also missing. He 


The Brethren Evangelist 

was told that Pedro, his best friend, was 
buried in the yard next to the school. Tomas 
went over and numbly stood by the cross 
marking the grave. He couldn't believe he 
would never see his friend again. Tears 
trickled down his cheeks and fell to the 

When his eyes cleared he looked over at 
his school. One building had completely 
collapsed. The other had mud halfway to 
the roof. 

Every bit of the furniture was covered 
with mud. The rushing water, carrying 
rocks along Dry Creek, had battered the 
building on one side. The water had broken 
out the windows, cascaded through the 
building, and continued out the other side 
and down the hill. 

Tomas joined some of the village men 
who were talking with some Americans. 
They were deciding what could be repaired 
and what would have to be torn down. One 
was the Senora's husband who had been 
a missionary for twenty-seven years and 
knew how to go about the clean-up. Besides, 
he spoke their language. He hired the men 
and some of the big boys to start work 
next day. 

They were surprised this man would have 
enough money to pay wages, but he told 
them that people of the United States and 
Canada had sent money through the 
World Relief Corporation. They were 
very grateful that somebody cared about 
little, unimportant people like them. 

The Senor gave Papa and each of the 
other men a five-pound bag of black beans 
and invited them to a meeting that night. 

To Tomas he said: ''Adios. See you to- 
morrow when you will help clean up." 
Tomas stood as tall as he could. He was 
pleased to be included with the men, and 
besides he would earn some money. He 
looked at his father's bag of beans and 
realized how hungry he was. Together they 
climbed the hill back home. Papa was much 
happier than he had been on the trip down. 

After supper he returned to town to hear 
what the missionaries had to say. They 
promised food, housing, materials, farm 
tools and seeds, but made it plain that the 
people would have to do the work. 

"Why are you doing all this?" asked 
Papa. "You do not know us." 

"That*s right. I never saw you before 
today," answered the Senor, "but I have 
this friend whose name is Jesus and He 
loves everybody. He is also the Son of God. 
We love Him, so we have come to help you 
in His name." Then he opened his Bible and 
told the story of how Jesus miraculously 
fed thousands of hungry people. 

Everybody knew what it meant to be 

April 1980 

The old school in Dry Creek Village could not 
be repaired. 

hungry. The people listened intently. At 
the end Papa said: "Tell this Jesus I say 
gracias (thanks)." 

Up on the slope, Tomas pulled his bright 
woolen blanket up under his chin and 
thought of the friendly North Americans 
and how they had given food, a job, and 
hope for the future. And he softly said: 
"'Gracias'' to the Christians. 

Tomas still lives on the slope outside of 
town, but those people who lived at the 
creek level have been moved into a brand 
new community a short distance away, also 
on a hillside out of reach of future floods. 
The government provided a new school 
building, but the missionaries planned and 
built the rest of the new village, using 
World Relief Corporation funds. 

And what should they name their new 
village? After thinking about it, the people 
named it after the Senora who had done 
so much to help them. 

The new village has something Dry Creek 
Village didn't have, and that is a church. 
It was here that Tomas, with Papa and 
Mama, came to personally know the Jesus 
who cared enough to feed hungry people. 

Tomas will never forget Fifi, but he 
realizes it was not all bad. Many good 
things have come to him and his family 
because someone cared and came with 
"Food for the body and food for the 
soul." n 

Tomas and his schoolmates in front of the new 
school in Twana Village. 

World Relief 

§ I 

I was a stranger ... 

and you invited me in" 

World Relief Corporation first prepared this interview for the Au- 
gust 1979 issue of Profile — the bimonthly newsletter of NAE. It is 
reprinted here by permission. The interview gives practical information 
and inspiration to encourage Brethren families and churches to con- 
sider refugee sponsorship. All pastors and moderators have received 
a packet of materials that outline procedures. By now we hope many 
church official boards have considered this opportunity to minister. 

P.L. "^ 

rDAL waves instead of barbed wire. 
Sharks and pirates instead of dogs and 
guards. Bodies packed to overflowing, 
cheating death for only the time it takes 
their rotting ships to sink. A liquid 
Auschwitz, according to Time magazine. 

And so it is for the "boat people." Their 
inevitable search for freedom increasingly 
becoming a death odyssey of incredible 

In March, 1979, the World Relief Cor- 
poration of the National Association of 
Evangelicals was recognized by the U.S. 
Government as one of eight agencies com- 
missioned to place refugees in sponsoring 
American homes. More than 5,000 refugees 
have been sponsored (update to December 

Six of these, the Lam family, now live 
in a two-bedroom condominium in Glendale 
Heights, Illinois. Their sponsors, Herbert 
and Vera Oldham, extended the resources 
of time, money and space to give the Lams 
that start. Profile talked with Mr. Oldham 
about the Lam family. Mr. Oldham is 74. 
Profile: At 74, one might not feel an 
obligation to sponsor six refugees and take 
on what is, in your case, a second family 
(the Oldhams have raised eight children). 
Why did you decide to get involved? 
Oldham : I guess the long and short of 

it was simply this. 
When I read about 
these people and 
saw on television 
what hardships 
they were endur- 
ing, I knew I had 
to do something 
about it. I had sup- 
ported World Relief 
and knew they 
were in the area, 
so I gave them a 

Mr. Herbert Oldham 

call. I found out about the placement pro- 
gram and told them I'd be willing to sponsor 
up to six refugees. 

Profile: And how long did you have to 
wait for your new "family"? 

Oldham: Well, let's see. (Mr. Oldham 
looked at what appeared to be a diary.) I 
contacted World Relief in early March and 
on Friday, March 23, 1979, we received a 
call telling us they were on their way. I 
must admit, though, I was worried. There 
seemed to be a lot left to do. 

Profile: Like? 

Oldham : Like housing. I had hoped to 
have that squared away before their arrival. 
But finding an affordable apartment that 
would hold six people, and a management 
that would accept children, was a difficult 
combination to say the least. I even tried 
government subsidized housing, but there 
were no vacancies. So, when the Lam fam- 
ily finally arrived the following Wednesday, 
they had to spend their first four weeks in 
America with us. 

I would like to say that having the Lams 
with us those four weeks was not an un- 
bearable burden. They refused to have us 
cook and clean — they did it all. (The Old- 
hams have a modest three-bedroom frame 
ranch in Wheaton.) 

Profile: What was that airport arrival 

Oldham: Again, I was nervous. It was 
a big step you know — interacting with 
somebody different than you. But as I 
watched that plane load of refugees enter 
the terminal, I felt compassion. I pitied 
them. They had so little. I sensed the Lam 
family was very grateful for what we'd 

Profile: What about the communica- 
tions barrier? 

Oldhaim: I guess we communicated as 


The Brethren Evangelist 

good as could be expected. At the airport 
I had a Vietnamese family with me to act 
as interpreters. Later, I discovered the 
Lams had learned to read some English 
while in a Malaysian refugee camp. With 
that as a base, I taught them the sounds 
of our alphabet and a neighbor of ours, 
who is a school teacher, aided in the tutor- 
ing by supplying us with elementary read- 
ing materials. 

Profile: Were there other priorities in 
the settling of the Lam family? 

Oldham: Well, in addition to housing, 
we had to find Mr. Lam Thanh Phong a job. 
He was a government official in South Viet- 
nam, but has no skills immediately market- 
able. We did find something though. He is 
currently working part-time as an office 
custodian. Interestingly, that job raised 
still another temporary hurdle. I thought 
it best for Mr. Phong to have a checking 
account for convenience sake. However, the 
idea of such an account was too abstract. 
In fact, after Mr. Phong had deposited his 
first pay check, he couldn't understand 
the monies were still available to him. He 
wanted to see the money. 

Profile: You mentioned housing. How 
was that situation resolved? 

Oldham: Like a miracle. As I said 
earlier, we were coming up empty handed 
at every turn. Then another of our neigh- 
bors told us she knew a Christian realtor 
who might be able to help. I contacted him 
and, sure enough, he had a two-bedroom 
condominium for rent. And not only that, 
but he offered us the condominium at a 
$50 a month discount. We took it. 

Profile: And the Lams are in the con- 
dominium now? 

Oldham: Yes, they've been in for about 
nine weeks (in August). The damage 
deposit and initial rent payments were 
taken care of by monies from Public Aid 
and other funds; and the place is almost 
completely furnished, thanks to the re- 
sponse of my church in donating pots, pans, 
utensils and other furnishings. 

Profile: What is your involvement with 
the Lam family now? 

Oldham: Well, with Public Aid and Mr. 
Phong's salary, the family is pretty well 
taken care of financially. And with Mr. 
Phong just recently receiving his driver's 
license and purchasing a used car, my daily 
responsibility as primary means of trans- 
portation is also coming to a close. I still, 
however, feel a strong moral obligation to 
the family and am willing to advise them 
whenever that advice is needed. I don't want 
to pry — they have to develop independently. 
But I'm here as a support. 

Profile: What advice would you give a 

Oldham: On a practical level, it's im- 
perative that the sponsor understand and 
take care of all the paper work entitling 
his or her refugees to receive public aid. 
Unfortunately with us, we took the Lam 
family for physicals before that aid was 

And throughout the entire experience, 
it's imperative that the sponsor be a friend. 
Try not to alienate these people with harsh 
words. Be understanding and kind. I feel 
the Lord brought my wife and me together 
with the Lam family. Through us they can 
begin to understand their new home and 
perhaps see the reality of Jesus Christ and 
accept him as personal savior. G 


Facts Have Faces (10-minute color film- 
strip, excellent photographs, cassette tape 
narration) . Short, information-packed film- 
strip for all ages (shown on Monday night 
of General Conference last August). Helps 
concerned Christians understand world 
poverty; reduces complicated statistics into 
simplified language; explodes popular 
myths; describes world hunger and need in 
the light of Scripture. Demonstrates regard 
for the poor as a mark of Christian witness 
and worship. Free filmstrip and tape (to 
keep) to Brethren churches who give to 
World Relief. Order from World Relief, 
P.O. Box WRC, Wheaton, IL 60187. 

Hunger Knows My Name (27-minute, 
color, 35mm film, $25.00 rental, by Pauhst 
Productions). Members of an affluent 

American family. ^'?^fluenced by their son's 
work to alleviate ..amine in a Nigerian vil- 
lage, begin to see the depth of his commit- 
ment. The World Relief Board has not pre- 
viewed this film, or the next one, but the 
descriptions look interesting. Order from 
Augsburg Films Department, 426 S. 5th 
Street, Minneapolis, MN 55415. 

The People Next Door (29-minute, color, 
35mm film, $15.00 rental, by World Hunger 
Task Force). A fantasy film where the 
people next door become representatives of 
the world's hungry people and a middle- 
class American family has to face its feel- 
ings about Christian responsibility. An emo- 
tionally strong statement of what could 
happen 10 years in the future. Order from 
Augsburg Films Department also. 

April 1980 


World Relief 


by Phil Lersch 

FROM reports and publicity of the World 
Relief Corporation, I learned of other 
persons touched by our concern and finan- 
cial World Relief efforts. For example: 

Tieng Sun Kim, a former Cambodian 
soldier, escaped from the Communists 
across the Cambodian-Thailand border and 
finally arrived in a friendly refugee camp. 
After returning to Cambodia for two 
months as a guerrilla fighter, a land mine 
exploded imbedding shrapnel in his legs. 
Friends carried him back to the camp in 
Thailand where he eventually recovered. 

It was in this camp that he received his 
first knowledge of God and the gospel, fol- 
lowed by a decision to follow the Lord. 
Later he married a Cambodian woman he 
met there. After four years as refugees, 
during which time their first child died, 
they received approval to come to the 
United States to be resettled as refugees 
with an American family and church 
through World Relief Refugee Services. 
The trials of his life have been severe, but 
the future is more promising because 
Christians have cared enough to help. 

Lu Sang Tan and his family escaped from 
Vietnam in a harrowing 60-hour boat jour- 
ney, only to spend over ten months crowded 
into a filthy Malaysian refugee camp. 
Through World Relief Refugee Services 
(of WRC), a church in Wheaton, Illinois, 
provided a home for the Tans. College stu- 
dents pitched in to clean the house, stock 
it with food and furniture, raise money, 
teach English, and give driving lessons to 
the Tans. Our gifts are at work in those 
kinds of cooperative efforts of WRRS. 

Pedro Molanco is one of the 81,000 people 
of Dominica whose lives are in ruins be- 
cause of Hurricane David. He and his wife, 
Maria, and their two children, lived in a 
one-room home near the banana plantation 
where Pedro was employed. The $271 Pedro 
earned annually to feed and clothe his fam- 
ily barely provided those essentials. 

Hurricane David, with winds of up to 
150 miles per hour, tore the roof off the 
Molanco's house. Continuing rains washed 
the house entirely away. And the banana 

plantation, which had provided their only 
source of income, was flattened. Without 
help, Pedro and his family were people with- 
out a future. 

WRC supplied immediate help to the 
Molancos (and others like them) by flying 
in food and water-purification supplies — 
also helping to restore communications 
within the country. Through this initial re- 
lief action by WRC, the Molancos were 
given enough food to last several weeks. A 
total of $116,000 was committed for relief 
and rehabilitation. World Relief supplies 
funds and technical assistance, but Pedro 
and other nationals are expected to partici- 
pate in their own relief by assisting in dis- 
tribution processes, rebuilding homes, and 
replanting crops. 

Through it all, the Molanco family will 
know that the people who help them do so 
in the name of Jesus Christ. Through the 
spiritual witness of missionaries and evan- 
gelical nationals, the family will be given 
the opportunity to accept Christ personally. 
Scripture distribution, evangelistic meet- 
ings, adult and children's Bible classes, and 
personal evangelism are some of the tools 
of spiritual witness. 

Mrs. Vuong Thi Minh Due of Ho Chi 
Minh City (Saigon) was the sole survivor 
of several who were attempting escape to 
Malaysia. But their boat was rammed and 
sunk by Thai fishermen. Because Mrs. 
Due was the captain's favorite, she was 
provided a float when thrown overboard. 
She was later picked up by friendly folk 
who took her to a refugee camp where 
WRC personnel were ministering. 

Jerry Ballard, executive director of WRC, 
writes: "Our dear World Relief workers in 
the camps of Thailand, Hong Kong and 
the Philippines hear Mrs. Due's story, with 
a change of characters, day after day. Their 
daily heartbreak is made bearable as acts 
of kindness soften the pain of memory. And, 
in Jesus' name, we mix the refugee's tears 
with our own and offer him/her hope." 

Brethren World Relief helps make a 
difference ... in the name of Jesus 
Christ. D 


The Brethren Evangelist 


As church growth thinking influences nnore people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIM ARM, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the Institute for Annerican Church Growth, brings 
Sonne of the answers. 

Reclaiming Inactive Members 

Question. What do you recommend we do with 
our inactive members? 

Answer. Here are four suggestions. 

(1) Discover why these people become inactive. 

When people affiliate with a particular congre- 
gation, their intent in most cases is to become 
faithful, responsible members. But something goes 
wrong and they become inactive. Discovering the 
reasons can be the first step in closing the "back 

The problem may be with the individual, the 
church, or both. For example, a member who is 
living in unconfessed sin will soon become inac- 
tive. A member engulfed with the cares of this 
world will soon wither away. Christ's Parable 
of the Sower tells us to expect this (Luke 8:5-8). 
Sometimes like the lost sheep, a member will 
nibble here and there until he finds himself lost, 
away from the shepherd and the sheep. 

The church can also be at fault. Does your 
church have an effective way of incorporating 
new members into the body? Who's responsible 
to see that new members are established in a 
group or have a useful place of service? If new 
members do not fit present groups in the church, 
is the church willing to establish new groups? 
Caring for new members is an important act of 
stewardship for every church. 

(2) Seek to win inactives to fervent faith. 
Look upon inactives as Christians in name only. 

These people are friendly and sympathetic to the 
church or they wouldn't have joined. In many 
cases, they have not had a vital experience with 
Jesus Christ, or a commitment once made has 
grown dim. 

Start at the beginning and help them discover 
and/or renew their commitment to Christ. Con- 
sider inactives as you would new converts or new 
contacts for the church. Enroll them in a class for 
new members, make them the object of a specific 
prayer, provide personal help and counsel when 
needed. Use all possible ways to win them back 
to fervent faith. 

(3) Raise the membership standards. 
Members will rise to expectations. Expect them 

to attend once or twice a year, and they'll do it; 
expect them to attend every Sunday when not ill, 
and they'll do it. Two examples: 

(a) A Baptist church in Florida expects all its 
members to be active. If a member is absent three 
times in a row, the deacons call on the person 

with the purpose of assisting him or her with any 
particular problem or to inform the member that 
additional absenteeism will result in his or her 
being dropped from membership. And they do it! 

(b) A Presbyterian church in Texas has each 
member, once a year, establish a personal and 
family goal for worship attendance. As the year 
progresses, each member is sent an accounting 
of progress towards his or her established goals. 
(Attendance at worship has doubled since this 
plan was put into effect.) 

(4) Give the names of your inactives to another 

Do all you can, but if you're unsuccessful in 
activating the inactives, give the names to another 
church, preferably of the same denomination. Give 
them also the assurance of your prayers, and your 
full cooperation in reaching these inactives. 

There's an exciting and growing Methodist 
church in Indiana with over 200 members. This 
church's membership is composed 989^ of those 
who were inactive in another church in the general 
vicinity. These people are not inactive now. There's 
a purpose, an aliveness, involvement, and growth. 
It is a church-growth truth that whereas one 
church could fail, another could succeed; and the 
greater body grows. 

Why not arrange with three or four other 
churches to exchange quarterly a list of inactives. 
These inactives could be won to fervent faith. 
Other churches could grow and so could yours. 

Bits 'n Pieces 

The Oak Hill, W. Va., First Brethren Church held 
a missionary conference February 15-17. The con- 
ference included Friday and Saturday evening 
services, the worship service on Sunday morning, 
and concluded with a carry-in dinner and slide 
presentation Sunday afternoon. Rev. Virgil Ingra- 
ham. General Secretary of the Missionary Board, 
was the conference speaker. 

In January, Dr. J. D. Hamel completed 20 years 
as pastor of the Sarasota, Fla., First Brethren 

The Nappanee, Ind., First Brethren Church 
helped Rev. Clarence Stewart celebrate his 95th 
birthday on February 14 with a birthday cake 
and special recognition. Rev. Stewart still attends 
church services regularly. 

April 1980 



by Dr. Betty B. Brodbeck 

EVERY person needs a place to stand. I 
have for many years chosen to stand 
squarely in the Christian tradition, and 
therefore anything I say must be seen 
against that background. Not only have I 
freely chosen this place to stand, but I have 
been delighted through the years with the 
wonderful base for living that Christianity 

Somewhere I read that it is late in the 
day when small men cast long shadows. 
Those words cause me to wonder about the 
lateness of the day (and I believe that it 
is late) and also why small men and women 
are casting long shadows (and I believe that 
they are). The lateness of the day we can- 
not remedy. The size of the self and the 
length of the shadow it casts is, in part 
at least, under our control. This thought 
suggests the matter of education. 

We talk a great deal about education — 
all of us in one way or another. While some 
who are religious distrust education, we 

.';% f 


-^n. y^h 

Dr. Brodbeck is 
assistant professor of 
English at Ashland 
College and also a 
I^ "* " 7\,-^ graduate of A.C. She 

yfk. is an active member 

of the Emmanuel 
^^"^ f United Methodist 

^^^' f I Church of Ashland. 

% ■'■* I i This article was 

m originally presented 

in an Ashland College 
Convocation on November 28, 1979, under the 
title "Small Men: Long Shadows." 


reason that God gave us minds and we are 
obligated to use them. Francis Schaeffer, 
author of How Shall We Then Live? and 
Whatever Happened to the Human Race? 

and, I believe, one of the great Christian 
intellects of our day, defines education in 
this way: 'True education means thinking 
by association across the various disci- 
plines, and not just being highly qualified 
in one. . . ."^ Now if that is true, the young 
Christian must consider some things that 
he might rather leave untouched. 

Recently I finished Nancy Barcus' book 
Developing a Christian Mind, and I recom- 
mend it to you. In it she suggests that 
ignorant people are dangerous, as are over- 
simplifiers, those with constricted intellects, 
and those proud in their own conceits. But 
she reminds the reader that in each case 
it is the thinker himself who is dangerous, 
not the knowledge, not the philosophy, not 
the inquiry — the person. 

Recommending to the Christian the way 
of openness which gives every claim a hear- 
ing, she suggests that the Christian's goal 
should be to get a clear view of each 
philosophy in question and then to make a 
slow, careful analysis.^ This means that 
the Christian student ought to have a mind 
open to every proclamation of truth, re- 
serving for himself the right to sift it for 
chaff as he searches for the grain. 

The Old Testament tells us in Proverbs 
4:7, ''Wisdom is the principal thing; there- 

1 Francis A. Schaeffer, The God Who Is There 
(Inter- Varsity Press, 1972), p. 19. 

^Nancy B. Barcus, Developing a Christian Mind 
(Inter-Varsity Press, 1977), pp. 13-14. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

fore get wisdom; and with all thy getting 
get understanding." In the New Testament, 
Paul is an example for us. Just as there 
was no place in the life of Paul for ignor- 
ance, there should be none in the life of 
today's Christian. When Paul preached that 
famous Mars' Hill sermon, he knew those 
Greeks well. He knew what they believed 
and why they believed it. He had consid- 
ered their philosophies ; he understood their 
thinking. His preparation had begun long 
years before when he studied under the 
wisest men of the time. No person hearing 
his voice that day was better educated 
than he. He had knowledge, he had wisdom, 
he had understanding. Paul was a big man 
who cast a long shadow — so long that we 
live under it still today. 

The Christian student will find, if he has 
not already, that there are at times dis- 
appointments in the learning process. As 
an example, for years we have put our faith 
in science and its accumulations of data. 
We have often required more of it than 
it can provide, making of it a religion, ask- 
ing of it a frame into which we can fit all 
our answers, explanations, beliefs. Now we 
find that the frame is not secure. As 
Barcus says, it wobbles and some things 
won't fit in. A man-made frame too small 
to hold a God-made universe. If you will 
allow me to change my metaphor a bit as 
I borrow from Yeats, "Things fall apart; 
the centre cannot hold."^ If all we have is 
science, important as it is, the center can- 
not hold and the frame is small and wobbly. 
Does, then, the Christian student disregard 
science? He, of course, does not. Since edu- 
cation is a synthesizing process, he couples 
the findings of science with the truths he 
has accepted in other areas of his education 
and of his living, and he adds them to the 
inner assurances, which are very real to 

In assuming this position, he is not alone. 
Many scientists today agree — among them 
Dr. Owen Gingerich of Harvard — that 
science is not enough.^ But this is not new. 
Way back in the middle twenties Whitehead 
refuted the view that anything science can- 
not prove is invalid. And he went on to say 
that science was wrong to exclude religious 
sentiments, because they are fundamental 
to human experience. He talked of science 
and religion as the two most important 
forces in our lives. ^ Later Max Planck 
(first to propose the quantum theory), in 

3W. B. Yeats, "The Second Coming." 

"^John Kenyon, 'The Heavens Declare the Glory 

of God," Christian Herald, December 1978, p. 

33 ff. 

^Alfred North Whitehead, Science and the Mod- 

'"The Meanings and Limits of Exact 
Science," speaks of another metaphysical 
reality standing behind the world of 
science. 6 Though they cannot define it, 
many scientists are challenged by the super- 
natural which cannot be proved in the 
laboratory, but which is to them so obvi- 
ously there. 

And challenges confront the young Chris- 
tian as well, among them these two, the 
world of science and the world of religion. 
But as Dr. Gingerich and many other scien- 
tists who are Christians have told us, the 
two are not incompatible. Here, it seems to 
me, lies a challenge — compatibility. God 
made the world, hence any truth (and 
please notice I said truth) about this world 
finally uncovered by man must be com- 
patible with every other truth. 

You have been told that knowledge 
doubles every ten years and that if we 
could compress earth's history into fifty 
years, almost all inventions would have been 
made in the last twenty-four hours. What 
an exciting time to be alive ! How great the 
challenge to the Christian student to be 
the big person who casts the long shadow! 

Since you are involved in a college edu- 
cation, let's talk about what the college 
can do. Robert Mounce, Dean of Arts and 
Humanities at Western Kentucky Univer- 
sity and a Christian, in his essay *The 
Marks of an Educated Person" puts it this 
way: * 'Colleges create both men and mon- 
sters and perhaps worse, a middle group 
without the initiative to be either: grad- 
uates who mindlessly live out lives feverish 
over incidentals or placid before enormi- 
ties."^ Is the young Christian in danger of 
falling into the middle group and becoming 
the small person who somehow casts a long 
shadow? That's a disturbing thought. 

It would seem then that attending even a 
college called Christian, with its concentrat- 
ed emphasis on the humanities, is not an 
automatic pass to educated adulthood. 

What ought we to expect of the educated 
person? How does he differ? Dr. Mounce 
gives three marks of the educated individ- 
ual — every student ought to be aware of 
these : 

1. *'He has developed the habit of in- 

( continued on next page) 

ern World (The Macmillan Company, 1927), p. 
259 ff. 

^Max Planck, Scientific Autobiography and Other 
Papers, translator, Frank Gaynor (Philosophical 
Library, 1949. Reprinted, Greenwood Press, 1971), 
p. 107 ff. 

^Robert H. Mounce, "The Marks of an Edu- 
cated Person," Christianity Today. November 2, 
1979, p. 23. 

April 1980 


quiry" — he asks questions: he 
tests the vahdity of the answers. 

2. "He has developed the power of dis- 

cernment" — if there is truth, 
there must be error; and if these 
two exist, they are at war. The 
educated person practices intel- 
lectual honesty in discerning 

3. *'He has a vision of greatness "^ — 

Whitehead called it the habitual 
vision of greatness. When he gets 
that vision, the lesser, the 
mediocre will no longer satisfy.^ 
I believe that the world needs young 
Christians who carry these unmistakable 
marks of the educated person. It needs 
those who believe that ignorance is dan- 
gerous, that closed minds are an unhappy 
reflection on our way of life, that Chris- 
tianity and its textbook will stand any 
amount of honest scrutiny, and that Wis- 
dom begins with God who offers a bounti- 
ful supply to those who will seek it 

What am I saying to you? This. You are 
positioned correctly to get knowledge. Since 
we know that Christians are to grow in- 
tellectually as well as spiritually, determine 
to absorb all the knowledge available to 
you. Learn from anyone who knows more 
than you do, and then seek the wisdom to 

sibid., pp. 24-25. 

use that knowledge properly. Paul told 
Timothy, ''Study to show yourself approved 
unto God, a workman that needs not to be 
ashamed" (II Timothy 2:15). 

My challenge to you, young Christians, 
is — stand firmly in your faith, never letting 
loose those things you have already proved, 
never turning your backs on those spiritual 
realities which, though sometimes misun- 
derstood by others, are as much a part of 
you as your hands, your feet. But at the 
same time, make sure your mind is open 
that you may get a clear view of every 
philosophy, every claim to truth, and then 
make a slow careful analysis. 

Mary Balazs' poem (last stanza) suggests 
the two ways open to you. 

Cowards are those 

who to the uncertain fortunes of green fields 

choose the predictable harvest of dry dooryards, 

the negligible yield of barren earths 
Never be a coward: never be afraid of a 
new thought, a new idea. I assure you — the 
center will hold if it is occupied by God. 
And the frame He provides is big enough 
and strong enough to hold everything we 
are cognizant of now, and much, much 
more that we have yet to learn. 

Godspeed to you in your efforts to be- 
come the Christian man or woman who 
casts the long shadow. n 

9 Mary Balazs, "Cowards," Christianity and Lit- 
erature, Spring, 1979, p. 12. 


Campus Ministry Gains Momentum 

From the Campus Ministry Staff: 
Fred Burkey, Judy Gifford, Jim Miller 

WE are pleased to report 
growth in the Ashland 
College Campus Ministry. Partici- 
pation in the weekly HOPE 
Christian Fellowship meetings 
has more than doubled (nearly 
tripled) over last year. It is an 
inspiring experience to join a 
large roomful of young adults 
for a time of singing, study, proc- 
lamation, prayer, and fellowship. 

During recent months Christian stu- 
dents on the A.C. campus have been 
painting the lower level of the chapel 
for use as a Campus Christian Center. 
Here Sandy Smithheisler tries her hand 
^ with a brush. 

In addition to the large group 
meetings, many Christian stu- 
dents are encouraged and assisted 
in carrying out personal minis- 
tries to their fellow students. To 
cite an instance: Carol and Barb 
French (of West Alexandria) 
have led an informal Monday eve- 
ning gathering in their Clark Hall 
room. In recent weeks, five girls 
have made first-time commit- 
ments to Christ as a direct result 
of Carol and Barb's low-key 
''friendship evengelism." 

Experiences like this have 
generated considerable enthusi- 
asm in the Christian community. 
In addition, the Brethren have 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren students (from left) Deb Munson, Mark 
Slick, and Bill Shafer join others in a sing-along. 

three outstanding representatives serving 
as residence hall assistants (each is in 
charge of one wing of a particular floor). 
Bill Shafer (Cedar Falls), Linda Waters 
(Waterloo), and John Allison (Jefferson) 
do a great job of supervising students — 
often under difficult circumstances. Ann 
Fetterman, who is engaged to Jim Miller, 
is another residence hall assistant worth 
her weight in gold. These people are front 
line counselor/supervisors, and they deserve 
our prayers and thanks for a job well done ! 
Others, like Chuck Bowers and Tim 
Rowsey (St. James), Evan Bridenstine 

(Smithville), and David Rowser (New 
Lebanon) are active in dramatic, literary, 
and artistic programs. In fact, there is 
hardly an area of the academic program 
which is untouched by our young people. 
The Christians at Ashland College are in- 
volved in key activities. 

Add to the witness of our Christian stu- 
dents an adequate (if unfinished) meeting 
place — the lower level of Memorial Chapel 
— and you have momentum. This momen- 
tum has led to an open door on sorority 
row for Judy to meet weekly with some 
young women who have not felt comfort- 
able involving themselves in our regular 

This same momentum is moving us 
toward a full May Day weekend of attrac- 
tive alternative events, including a dinner 
concert and a campus improvement project 
which Jim is planning. The Christians here 
are acting — they are not reacting! 

For each of us, the counseling load con- 
tinues to grow as we become better known 
by faculty and students. So, while we ex- 
perience some setbacks, the work is moving 
along nicely. We hope you will actively 
support our ministry in prayer, through 
your giving, and by referring students to 
us. By joining us in these ways, you will 
help sustain the momentum of Campus 
Ministry and enable us to make further 
gains. Thanks for caring! Q 

4*^^^*j*^^^'j*^*i*^*i*^*i**j**i**l**j*^^^^*i*^^^^*l*H*^*l*^*l*^*i*^^^*i*^^^H*^^*i**i**J'*i*^*J*^^^^*J*^*»*^^ * i ** i ** l " l ** l ** l ** l *' l ** i " i ** i"i ** i"i * 


I would like to respond briefly to the article 
appearing in the February 1980 issue of the Breth- 
ren Evangelist entitled "Peace: The Recovery of 
an Early Brethren Vision." And I would confine 
my remarks to just a couple of closing statements 
for the sake of brevity. 

The author of that article stated: "It is my 
considered opinion that in our apparent wide- 
spread departure from this position, we have left 
behind us something that is essential to our her- 
itage. At this point then, the most progressive 
move we could make would be to retrace our 
steps and recover the early Brethren vision of 

The early Brethren position on military service 

was excommunication to anyone who served in 
the military. I do not think that returning to such 
"is essential to our heritage," nor do I believe that 
it would be a "progressive move." 

One of the tenents to which Alexander Mack 
adhered was "no force in religion." It would seem 
to me that our present position of leaving this 
matter to individual conscience is more in har- 
mony with Scripture. 

As a pastor, I will work with and support any 
young person who seeks to register as a con- 
scientious objector, providing that person's daily 
life and behavior in family, community, and other 
social contacts is in harmony with his non- 
resistance stance which he seeks to declare as a 

George W. Solomon 
Milledgeville, Illinois 

About letters: To encourage readers to express 
themselves on a variety of issues, we try to use all 
letters submitted. Brevity is encouraged. Longer 
letters may be shortened. Unsigned correspondence 
will not generally be published, although we may 
withhold names for valid reasons in special situations. 
Letters to the editor not intended for publication 
should be so indicated. Ed. 

April 1980 



news from the Brethren Church 

Ohio Conference hears Wm. Kerner; 
cares for disfricf business 

Delaware, Ohio — "As I travel 
around, I find a new spirit and 
a new joy in the Brethren 
Church," General Conference 
Moderator William Kerner told 
delegates to the Ohio District 
Conference. Rev. Kerner was the 
inspirational speaker for the 
conference, which was held 
March 8 at the Asbury United 
Methodist Church in Delaware, 

Speaking from Romans 12, 
Rev. Kerner presented four 
calls we must respond to if the 
Christian faith is to be real in 
our lives. These were: (Da call 
to be different (transformed); 
(2) a call to use the gifts God 
has given us; (3) a call to prac- 
tice love; (4) a call to overcome 
evil. If we answer these calls, 

Kerner said, we will have con- 
verts in the Brethren Church. 
People will see that Christianity 
is re^l. 

Following Rev. Kerner's mes- 
sage, the rest of the conference 
was taken up with the business 
of the district, with Moderator 
Don Rinehart presiding. This 
included elections of officers 
and board and committee mem- 
bers; reports from district 
boards and committees; and re- 
ports from denominational min- 

Items of note from the reports 
were as follows: 

According to the statisticians 
report, the sixteen Ohio church- 
es that reported showed a net 
gain in membership of 103 in 
1979. Fourteen churches showed 

Rev. Fred Finks receives 
Doctor of Ministry degree 

Elkhart, Ind. — Rev. Frederick J. 
Finks, senior pastor of the 
Winding Waters Brethren 
Church, has been awarded the 
Doctor of Ministry degree from 
Fuller Theological Seminary in 
Pasadena, Calif. 

Rev. Finks began his studies 
at Fuller in 1977 in the area 
of church growth. He worked 
under the direction of Dr. Peter 
Wagner, recognized as one of 
the foremost authorities on 
church growth in America. In 
order to fulfill the requirements 
for his doctorate. Rev. Finks 
completed 40 hours of graduate 
studies and wrote a dissertation 
entitled "A Profile of a Church 
Growth Pastor." 

Rev. Finks has been pastor of 
the Winding Waters Brethren 
Church since his graduation 
from Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary in 1972. Under his leader- 
ship the church has grown from 

Dr. Frederick J. Finks 

an attendance of 70 in 1972 to 
its present average of around 
260. A new parsonage was built 
in 1974, and a new 450-seat sanc- 
tuary in 1978. 

an increase in membership, one 
stayed the same, and only one 
showed a decrease. 

The Board of Trustees of the 
district reported that the Fire- 
stone Park Brethren Church of 
Akron held its final worship ser- 
vice September 30, 1979. 

The District Mission Board re- 
ported that the Medina Bible 
Fellowship, which has been 
meeting in the Medina YM/ 
YWCA, is negotiating the pur- 
chase of a house and property. 
With some slight modifications, 
it can be used immediately as a 
meeting place for the services 
of the Fellowship. The price of 
the property is $100,000, and 
financing is being sought. 

Total number of delegates 
attending the conference was 
109. The next meeting of the 
Ohio District will be aji inspira- 
tion conference on September 
13, 1980, at Delaware. 

Seven Brethren attend 
NAE convention 

Los Angeles, Calif. — Approxi- 
mately 1,200 evangelical pastors 
and lay leaders from across the 
United States attended the 38th 
Annual Convention of the Na- 
tional Association of Evangel- 
icals held March 3-6 in Los 

Attending from the Brethren 
Church were Mr. and Mrs. John 
Rowsey, Rev. Virgil Ingraham, 
Rev. and Mrs. William Kerner, 
Rev. Clayton Berkshire, and 
Commander Thomas A. Schultz 
of the U.S. Navy Chaplain 

A resolution passed by the 
convention urged Christians in 
this election year to become in- 
volved in the political process 
and to pray for God's leading in 
the elections ahead. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Living With Cancer 

by Mary Beth Moster 
Moody Press, 175 pages, $6.95 hardcover 

"The mention of the word cancer conjures up 
in the mind of the hstener a relentless, incurable, 
disfiguring, painful insult to the living out of 
one's normal life expectancy. This reaction may 
be unreasonable, but it is prevalent; and while 
these ideas about cancer may be untrue, the re- 
sulting attitude is nonetheless real." 

"Mrs. Moster's remarkably complete book on 
the many facets that must be discussed concern- 
ing living with cancer' naturally focus on that 
one disease process, as it should. However, any 
person who reads this valuable monograph will 
have an insight into the Christian way of living 
with any affliction, any trouble, any alteration 
in the smoothness of life that befalls him in the 
sovereignty of God." 

from the book's foreword by C. Everett Koop 

M.D. Sc.D. 

LIVING WITH CANCER is a testimony of a 
woman with cancer who today is helping other 
cancer patients face life. It is a manual designed 
to be reassuring to both the cancer patient and 
his family. 

Seldom does a book speak to both the profes- 
sional and layman at the same time, but this 
book does. 

















I— i 

• I— ( 



■»— < 





•I— I 









"a: -C 













'^^^A X-.i 

Pie in the 


Mr. Richard Yarman 

Rev. Duane Dickson 

Mansfield, Ohio — One Sunday 
evening in January Rev. Duane 
Dickson, pastor oi the Walcrest 
Brethren Church of Mansfield, 
thrust a whipped cream pie into 
the face of Walcrest Moderator 
Richard Yarman. On the fol- 
lowing Sunday evening Moder- 
ator Yarman pushed a pie of the 
same variety onto the top of 
Pastor Dickson's head and down 
over his face. 

What was the meaning of 
this? Was it part of an ongoing 
feud between pastor and mod- 
erator? To answer this question, 
we need to trace a bit of Wal- 
crest church history. 

In the fall of 1976, worship 
attendance at Walcrest had fal- 
len into the low fifties. The 
members of the congregation 
had a feeling of hopelessness — 
discouragement to the point of 
despair. The church had tried 
and failed. It appeared that Wal- 
crest had a fatal disease. But the 
church refused to die! 

Things began to turn around. 
It began with the congregation's 
gradual acceptance of the bib- 
lical commission to go into the 
community with the gospel of 
Jesus Christ. A new relation- 
ship developed within the con- 
gregation. And the church's im- 
age in the community began to 
improve as the people of the 
area began to trust the church 
as a friend and servant of the 

Other factors contributed to 
the turn-around. Mr. and Mrs. 
Ronald Waters of the Park 
Street Brethren Church in Ash- 

land spent a year in unselfish 
labor with the church as tent- 
makers. Then Linda Zerbe from 
the Loree Brethren Church 
(near Bunker Hill, Indiana), 
came to the church as a tent- 
maker serving in many capac- 

A strong emphasis on visita- 
tion has also been an important 
factor. The church has couples 
visitation, youth visitation, fam- 
ily evangelism, and individual 
evangelism. But perhaps most 
important is a men's visitation 
program. The church deter- 
mined that if it was going to 
reach men for Christ, men 
would have to do it. Pastor 
Dickson believes that the men 
of the church are the dynamic 
that has been most responsible 
for turning the church around. 

So what have been the re- 
sults? Worship attendance in 
1979 was 36% above 1976, and 
20% above 1978. Sunday school, 
Sunday evening, and mid-week 
services have shown an even 
greater percentage of increase. 

The church is aiming for even 
higher increases in 1980 and has 
taken steps to insure that this 
will happen. Average worship 
attendance in January was 95, 
and in the 90's in February. 

That brings us back to the 
pies. Moderator Yarman and 
Pastor Dickson had an agree- 
ment that the first time the 
church had two Sundays in a 
row with worship attendance 
over 100, the pastor would get 
to push a pie in Mr. Yarman's 
face. Rev. Dickson thought he 

would get his chance in Decem- 
ber, but that month passed with 
his desire unfulfilled. Then in 
the unlikely month of January, 
the century mark was twice 
broken, and pastor Dickson ful- 
filled his obligation with great 

The only catch was that if 
attendance went over 100 three 
consecutive Sundays, Mr. Yar- 
man was to get his chance to 
return the favor. The congrega- 
tion was disappointed the fol- 
lowing Sunday when only £8 
people were present at the be- 
ginning of the worship service. 
But disappointment turned to 
delight when three additional 
people showed up during the 
course of the service. That same 
evening the Brethren gathered 
together to watch Mr. Yarman 
do the honors on Pastor 

In spite of his initiation. Rev. 
Dickson is very thankful for 
the progress the Walcrest 
Church has made. He is grateful 
to the national Missionary Board 
and the Ohio District Mission 
Board for the help they provid- 
ed until the church went self- 
supporting two and one-half 
years ago. And he is thankful 
to all who have prayed for the 
progress of this church. 

Rev. Dickson comments, "God 
has rewarded our efforts and 
we are assured that He will 
continue to do so. Pray for us 
for we know that we can never 
relax as long as there is one 
lost person in the community." 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Calendar of Events 

APRII^— World Relief 
6 Easter 
11-13 Southwest Conference, N.W. 

Chapel, Tucson 
22-23 Ashland Theological Seminary 
Church Growth Workshop 
with Lyle E. Schaller 
22-25 Washington Insight Briefing for 
Pastors and Laymen 
25 Ashland College Board of Trustees 
28 Retirement Board, Columbus 
29-30 Pastors' Conference, Massanetta 
Springs (Harrisonburg), Va. 

MAY— Youth Offering 

1 Pastors' Conference concludes 

2 W.M.S. Spring Board Meeting 
2-3 BCE Board Meeting, Ashland 

9-10 Leadership Group, Camp Bethany 

JUNE — Ministerial Student Aid 

12-14 Indiana District Conference 


17-19 Central Conference, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

17-19 Pennsylvania Conference, Camp Peniel 

24-26 Southeast Conference, St. James, Md. 


11-15 General Conference, Ashland 

SEPTEMBER— Publications 

13 Ohio Conference, Delaware 

OCTOBER— Ashland College 

9-11 Midwest Conference, Mulvane 

NOVEMBER— Home Missions 

DECEMBER — Christian Education 

5 Leadership Group, Ashland Park Street 

6 Exec. Committee, Ashland Park Street 


Linda Marie Riley to Brian Sapp, January 19, at 
bride's home, Mansfield, Ohio; Rev. Duane Dickson 
officiating. Members of the Walcrest Brethren 
Church, Mansfield, Ohio. 

Caroline Ann Mills to Timothy Hall Eigenbrode, 

October 6, 1979, at the Saint James, Md., Brethren 
Church; John B. Mills, father of the bride, offi- 
ciating, assisted by James Rowsey, pastor. Mem- 
bers of the Saint James Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Berlin: 1 by transfer 

Nappanee: 9 by baptism 

Milledgeville: 12 by baptism, 7 by transfer 


Owen and Lois Kibler, 50th, February 19. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, South Bend, 

Cletus and Frances Ulbricht, 51st, February 16. 
Members of the First Brethren Church, South 
Bend, Ind. 

William and Catherine Yoder, 55th, February 5. 
Members of the First Brethren Church, South 
Bend, Ind. 

Percy and Willa Connin, 50th, February 12. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, Bryan, Ohio. 
Lucien and Mina Green, 52nd, February 12. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, South Bend, 

In Memory 

Hilda E. Carpenter, 86, March 7. Member of the 
First Brethren Church (Park Street), Ashland, 
Ohio. Services by Dr. L. E. Lindower and Rev. 
Robert L. Smith. 

Milo Sullivan, 96, February 27. Member of the 
Corinth Brethren Church, Twelve Mile, Ind. Ser- 
vices by Fred Snyder, pastor. 
Margaret Coughenour, 79, February 24. Member 
for 67 years of the Brethren Church, Berlin, Pa. 
Services by Ralph Mills, pastor. 
Ola E. Schuster, 72, February 20. Member of the 
Trinity Brethren Church, Canton, Ohio. Services 
by John T. Byler, pastor. Mrs. Schuster was a 
former employee of the Brethren Publishing Com- 
pany and the wife of former Evangelist editor, 
George Schuster. 

Anna Johns, 87, February 13. Member of the First 
Brethren Church, Burlington, Ind. Services by Ken 
Goss, pastor. 

Beulah L. Briner, 88, February 12. Member of the 
First Brethren Church, North Manchester, Ind. 
Services by Woodrow Immel, pastor, and Rev. 
Richard Craig. 

Sandy (Davis) Quimby, 23, February 1. Member 
of the First Brethren Church, Bryan, Ohio. Ser- 
vices by Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 
OUie McDonald. 91, January 31. Member of the 
First Brethren Church, Nappanee, Ind. Services by 
Alvin Shifflett, pastor. 

Bert A. Nordblad, Sr., 84, January 30. Member of 
the First Brethren Church, South Bend, Ind. Ser- 
vices by Larry R. Baker, pastor. 
Joseph Gordon, January 24. Member of the Breth- 
ren Church, Berlin, Pa. Services by Ralph E. Mills, 

George M. Dimn, 74, Januaiy 8. Member of the 
Papago Park Brethren Church, Tempe, Ariz. 
Services by W. Clayton Berkshire, pastor. 

April 1980 



Indiana youth attend winter retreat; 
join in groundbrealcing for new dining iiall 

Shipshewana, Ind. — Approxi- 
mately 130 Indiana youth attend- 
ed the Winter Youth Retreat at 
Camp Shipshewana on March 1, 
1980. That was double the num- 
ber of young people expected 
for the gathering. 

Seminary student Jim Miller 
was the resource leader for the 

weekend. His theme was "Joy 
and Excitement in the Chris- 
tian Life." 

The youth also participated in 
groundbreaking ceremonies for 
the new dining hall at Shipshe- 
wana on March 1. They were 
joined for this groundbreaking 

by the Board of Directors of the 
Shipshewana Retreat Center. 

As part of the retreat, the 
young people were informed of 
developments at the camp to- 
day. They were also challenged 
with their responsibility to the 
camp as they become adults. 

Summer Crusaders announced 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of 

Christian Education has an- 
nounced its selection of music 
and education teams for the 1980 
Crusader Program. 

Captain of the miisic team 
will be John Crowe of Nappanee, 
Indiana. The other nine mem- 
bers of this team will be Jill 
Slabaugh from Goshen, Indiana; 
Evan Bridenstine of Smithville, 
Ohio; Kathleen Wilson of Ma- 
sontown, Pennsylvania; David 
Stone from Sarasota, Florida; 
Susie Rowsey of Saint James, 
Maryland; Mark Thompson of 
Lanark, Illinois ; Laurie Gould of 

Derby, Kansas; Amy Icenhour 
from Ashland, Ohio; and John 
Gilmer of Ashland, who will 
serve as the team technician. 

Three education teams are 
planned for the summer pro- 
gram. Chip KepUnger of Wash- 
ington, D.C., will captain a team 
composed of Joyce Ronk of Ash- 
land, Jody Wagstaff of Roann, 
Indiana, and Becky Sandridge 
from Mt. Olive, Virginia. 

A second education team will 
be headed by captain Mary Ellen 
Bates of Wayne Heights, Penn- 
sylvania. She will be joined by 
Dale Myers of Saint James, 

Publishing Co. Trustees name 
Ron Waters Ex. Director 

Ashland, Ohio — The Board of 
Trustees of the Brethren Pub- 
lishing Company held its annual 
budget meeting here February 

The board accepted with re- 
gret the resignation of John D. 
Rowsey as Executive Director of 
the company and as a member 
of the board. Rowsey became 
the Interim General Conference 
Coordinator for the Brethren 
Church on January 1, 1980. He 
had been Executive Director of 
the Publishing Company for 
over 41/2 years. 

In his place the board named 
Ronald W. Waters as Executive 
Director and General Manager 
of the company. He was also 
named to fill Rowsey's unex- 
pired term on the board. 

Waters joined the Brethren 

Publishing Company in 1975, 
serving first as managing editor 
of the Brethren Evangelist. Be- 
fore his new appointment. 
Waters was assistant to the 
Director and General Manager. 

In other action, the board: 
— ^Heard reports from the Exec- 
utive Director and the Gen- 
eral Manager on the operation 
and condition of the company. 
— ^Received the financial report 
for 1979, which included a 
profit of $2,178.57 
— Approved the 1980 budget, 
with a projected profit of 
— ^Received a report on the Car- 
penter's Shop, Inc. 
— Expanded the board of direc- 
tors of the Carpenter's Shop, 
Inc., from three to four and 
named Waters to the new 

Maryland; Carolyn Miller of 
Teegarden, Indiana; and David 
Logan of Masontown, Pennsyl- 

Jill Slee of Roann, Indiana, 
will serve as captain of the third 
education team, with team 
members Sally Holmes of Ash- 
land, LeAnne Icenhour of Ash- 
land, and Jeanitta Lanter of 
Cerro Gordo, Illinois. 

Team itineraries are being 
developed and should be final- 
ized soon. 

At the time of this printing, 
several Internships are also 
being planned — both individual 
and missionary team interns. 
More information will appear in 
the May issue of the Evangelist. 

Chaplain Tom Schultz 


NAE Convenrion 

Los Angeles, Calif. — ^Command- 
er Thomas A. Schultz, Chaplain 
in the United States Navy, pre- 
sented greetings and a brief 
statement to the convention of 
the National Association of 
Evangelicals on March 4th. 

Schultz serves as a chaplain 
on behalf of the Brethren 
Church. He was chosen to ad- 
dress the NAE Convention as 
a representative of chaplains 
from all branches of the armed 

Schultz was recently promot- 
ed from Lieutenant Commander 
to Commander. He has also 
been assigned to 30 months of 
service overseas with a Seabee 


The Brethren Evangelist 

TEAMWORK is something to smile about. 

Rowing a canoe takes 

one"■^¥k^Jlas never rowed d^l^xOt-^^ know 
what we'TneanT^eJ^o^e-^oTigryou're going 
in circles or brushing up against the bank. 
You have to row together if you hope to 
make any headway. 

Running a camp takes 

It takes an active staff and a supportive 
district. And that's what's happening in 
Indiana. Hundreds of dedicated Brethren 
across the district have already pledged a 
dollar a month for 36 months toward the 
building of a new Dining Hall. A total of 
$35,000 in gifts and pledges is expected by 
the beginning of construction on April 1. 
Estimated cost of the Dining Hall is $85,000. 

TEAMWORK brings progress. 

On March 1st, 130 Indiana Brethren 
Youth joined the Board of Directors of the 
Shipshewana Retreat Center in breaking 
ground for the new Dining Hall. The first 
shovels of frozen soil were turned by Max 
Slabaugh, president of the Board ; Ken Van 
Duyne, director of the Retreat Center; and 
Lynn Ellis of Oakville, the youth repre- 

This team of youth, directors, and Breth- 
ren who have pledged support have started 
the project. But more players are needed. 


You can [oin the TEAM. 

How? By praying for guidance for the 
Board of Directors as the new Dining Hall 
is built. 

And by adding your support through a 
pledge of a dollar a month for 36 months 
toward construction costs. 

This is your camp, to be used for the 
honor and glory of the Lord. Join the team 
today by sending your pledge to: 

Shipshewana Retreat Center 

Route 2, Box 130 
Shipshewana, Indiana 46565 

I would like to pledge , a Name 

month for 36 months toward the 
construction of a new Dining Hall 
at Shipshewana Retreat Center. 
Enclosed is my first payment of 



City . 


Thanks for being part of the TEAM!! 

Brethren World Relief Giving 

We know, we used a graph similar to this one 
last year — and we shouldn't work an idea repeat- 
edly or it will lose its punch. We know, we know! 

But how can we not use a graph again when it 
pictures so well the $5,033 jump in your giving 
for World Relief above the year before? 

I think we can push $40,000 now in 1980. I really 
do! The needs of suffering people are certainly 
no less critical. The call and example of Christ 
haven't changed. The means of channeling funds 

$ 8,000 
$ 6,000 
$ 4,000 
$ 2,000 

through WRC continue to be effective and 
efficient. Our resources, even with inflation, make 
it more than possible. I g'uesis the variable that 
needs careful scrutiny is where our coimmltmeiiits 
lie when we spend our money. 

What are our priorities? Those "things" that 
take care of us? Or those "causes" that minister 
to others? It's a constant struggle, but our re- 
sponse to World Relief indicates we're progressing 
in the right direction . . . UP! 




— 7^ 































































1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 

A few facts about our 1979 giving:: 

— Of the total given, $202 was designated for the 
boat people. 

— $541 for Hurricane David. 

—$1,109 for Cambodia. 

—The Board voted $1,000 for the International 
Consultation on Simplified Lifestyle (a project 
of Evangelicals for Social Action). 

^Church giving rose $3,140 (from $28,275 in 
1978 to $31,415). 

—^Individual gifts rose $576 (from $2,769 in 1978 
to $3,345). 

— ^Fasting Banquet income dropped $99 (from 
$605 in 1978 to $506). 

—Jim Black Weight Loss netted $1,418! (Thanks 
again, Jim). 

Let's make 1980 another "plus" year — because 
of what it means to those we can help. Besides, 
it kinda makes us feel good to be faithful, doesn't 
it? P.L. 

Send your World Relief offering to; 

George Kerlin, Treasurer 

1318 E. Douglas 
Goshen, Indiana 46526 






































1— • 



»— • 











1— < 












The Brefhren 

May 1980 







The Earth Is the Lord's, ps. u. 









» ^kiaSbt> Art fT)B!)K« 

Chmt^tline for ChUdrea is a complete, year-long 
program for children in grades 1-61 The non-dated 
materials provide 52 sessions suitable for children's 
church, Sunday or Wednesday evening programs, 
or weekday use. 

In Chiirciitiine for CfaUdren, children study the 
Bible, worship God, and enjoy working and playing 
together — on their own level of understanding. 

Choose from two Bible-based courses: 

Course A — **IA\iag in God's Fanuly" 

Bible stories told by Ethel Barrett . . . happy 
songs that children enjoy . . . complete, easy-to- 
follow lesson plans . . . and colorful resources all 
combine to help children experience living and 
working in God's family. 

Course B — "Growing in God's Family" 

Children discover the excitement, joy, and re- 
sponsibilities of being members of God's forever 
family. Bible stories, twelve Hidden Art posters, 
Scripture songs on a long playing record, a film- 
strip just for kids, and complete leader's materials 
make this course an easy-to-use and effective 
Bible learning experience. 

Each course is just $29.95 each. And you can 
order either course for 30-day review at no charge. 
Simply write or call Pat Dovey at: 

The Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

(419) 289-2611 

Gospel Light materials are endorsed by the Board of Christian 
Education for use in Brethren churches. 

Now Available Again 

This new 2-color, tri-fold brochure 
focuses on: 

— Our History 

— Our Lifestyle 

— Our Ministry 

—Our Faith 

with an open panel on back for 
imprinting* information on your local 

Excellent for use in: 
— Visitation 

— ilntroducing prospects to the 
Brethren Church 

— Helping members of your church 
gain a new outlook on our life 
and thought as a church 

100 each or $7.00 per 100 

Order from: 

The Brethren Publisihiiie: Company 

524 <7olleig:e Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 

*Contact Ron Waters for details on imprinting. 

EThe Brethren -f • . 


In its 102nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor; 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 

Alvin Shifflett ^ 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 ot more names; $/'.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75^ 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
foim provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


"The earth is the Lord's, and 
the fulness thereof." This truth 
is basic to the Christian under- 
standing of our stewardship of 
God's creation. See article on 
page 4. 

Photograph by Harold M. Lambert 

Vol. 102, No. 5 

May 1980 

Stewards of God's Creation 

Jeff W eidenhamer reminds us of one aspect of Christian 
stewardship that is often neglected in the church. 

Peace: a Biblical Perspective 

According to James Gilmer, the word we have from Jesus and 
the New Testament is the word of peace. 

> ^•m < 

Focusing on the Word 

10 Breaking Down the Barriers 

Leroy Solomon probes Paul's message in Ephesians 2:11-22 
that Christ has broken down the barriers that divide mankind. 

* ^•w < 

Brethren Yo&sth Crusaders 

13 BYC Opens Doors to Service 

for Brethren Youth 

An open letter from Charles Beekley, the Director of Christian 

14 BYC Organization 

The denominational youth ministry; the national BYC Conven- 
tion; the Brethren Youth Council; the Morning Star. 

15 Brethren Youth Serve . . . 

Through the Summer Crusader and Internship program; 
through their national project. 

16 The Board of Christian Education Aids . . . 

And the Director of Christian Education assists. 

17 You Can Help . . . 

* m*m I 


9 The Salt Shaker 
1 2 Letters 
19 Update 

27 People Are Asking 

28 Finally, Brethren 

May 1980 

Photograph by Harold M. Lambert 


DURING our years as Christians, most 
of us have heard numerous sermons on 
stewardship. We have been urged to be 
stewards of our entire Hves — including our 
time, our talents, and our possessions. Yet 
there is an aspect of stewardship which has 
often been neglected in the church, and that 
is the stewardship of God's creation. 

Almost daily we hear of new environ- 
mental problems caused by man's activities. 
Our massive use of fossil fuels threatens 
to raise the carbon dioxide level in the air 
to a point where the global climate may 
change radically. Poisonous wastes leak into 
water supplies. Other man-made chemicals 
eat away at the ozone layer, which protects 
the earth from harmful radiation. Many 
more examples could be given. 

Just as serious as the ecological crisis 
we face are the social and political prob- 
lems this crisis has brought about. We are 
starting to see that how we treat the earth 
affects other people. As resources dwindle, 
war becomes more likely as nations vie for 
what remains. Current tensions in the 

by Jeff Weidenhamer 

Middle East have been heightened by the 
world's need for that area's oil. Even before 
the crises in Iran and Afghanistan, Defense 
Secretary Harold Brown stated that the 
U.S. would intervene militarily, if neces- 
sary, to keep Mid-East oil flowing. As Chris- 
tians, situations like these should deeply 
concern us. 

What is the root of our environmental 
problems ? What should our stance as Chris- 
tians be on these issues? Mark Hatfield, 
U.S. Senator and a Christian, stated recent- 
ly, '*! am persuaded that a Christian wit- 
ness to global problems today requires that 
we begin with the biblical injunction to be 
stewards of God's creation." This means 
that we must ''relate to all created order 
according to God's own purpose for it." 

Let us look more closely at the biblical 
injunctions concerning God's creation. 

The first and fundamental point in a 
Christian view of the environment is that 
God is the Creator. This is taught not only 
in Genesis, but throughout the Old and 
New Testaments. Isaiah writes, "To whom 

The Brethren Evangelist 

then will you liken me, whom set up as my 
equal? asks the Holy One. Lift up your 
eyes to the heavens; consider who created 
it all . . ." (40:25-26).* In Jeremiah 10:16 
we find, *'God, Jacob's creator, is not like 
these [idols] ; for he is the maker of all." 
Paul states in Colossians 1:16, *'In Him 
[Christ] everything in heaven and on earth 
was created . . . the whole universe has been 
created through him and for him." And in 
Revelation, John shares the elders' praise 
of God the Creator: '"Thou art worthy, O 
Lord our God, to receive glory and honor 
and power, because thou didst create all 
things; by thy will they were created, and 
have their being!" (4:11). 

Since God created all things — from earth- 
worms to trees to men — all things have 
value. If you or I had been given a hand- 
made oaken table by our father, one which 
he had beautifully carved and varnished, 
the product of many long hours of work, 
we would certainly not allow it to be ruined. 
We would treasure it. Yet how often our 
Heavenly Father's handicrafted gift to us, 
the earth and all its bounty, has been treat- 
ed carelessly and ruthlessly. 

God's creation of the earth leads us to 
another important point: He owns the earth. 

The earth is the Lord's and all that is in it, 
the world and those who dwell therein. 

For it was he who founded it upon the seas 
and planted it firm upon the waters beneath. 

Psalm 24:1-2 

Many of us could recite this well-known 
passage from memory. Yet what does it 
mean to us? Mark Hatfield has put it quite 
bluntly : 

*A11 Scripture quotations are from The New 
English Bible. 

Jeff Weidenhamer is a member of Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church. He graduated summa cum 
laude from Ashland College in 1979, receiving a 
bachelor of science degree in chemistry. While in 
college he received several science awards. He is 
now employed as a technician at the Ohio Agri- 
cultural Research and Development Center near 
Wooster, Ohio. 

We own nothing. In spite of all our legal 
structure, in spite of all our economic pre- 
sumptions, we own nothing. The earth is the 
Lord's — not man's. We literally cannot act 
as though our possessions and the use of the 
earth's resources is a matter of our own per- 
sonal business. . . . It is God's business, and 
God's concern, because those possessions, and 
the earth, and the resources, are not ours, 
they are His.1^ 

The earth is the Lord's. We are merely 
its caretakers. The Scriptures clearly teach 
that man is to exercise his stewardship of 
the earth for the good of all people. We are 
not to exploit natural resources ruthlessly 
for personal profit or comfort, but rather 
work for justice and see that everyone has 

In Genesis chapter one we find God's 
command to man to subdue the earth and 
rule over it. In Leviticus 25, which gives 
God's instructions about the Year of Jubi- 
lee, we find more specific directions about 
just how the Israelites were to carry out 
their rule over the earth. Every seventh 
year the people of Israel were to let their 
land lie fallow — *'It shall be a year of sacred 
rest for the land" (v. 5). Every fiftieth 
year, the Year of Jubilee, the land returned 
to its original ''owner." One effect of this 
was that it inhibited the disproportionate 
accumulation of wealth and land by a few 
people. The land was viewed as belonging 
to God, not the Israelites, and was to be 
used for the benefit of all. 

It is also important to note that in the 
writings of the prophets, the condition of 
the land is linked to the spiritual condition 
of the Israelites: 

The earth dries up and withers, 

the whole world withers and grows sick; 

the earth's high places sicken, 
and earth itself is desecrated by the feet of 
those who live on it, 

because they have broken the laws, disobeyed 
the statutes and violated the eternal 

Isaiah 24:4-5 
(Compare also Hosea 4:1-3.) When we 
consider the earth's condition today and 
our part in it, these words of our Creator 
should make us pause to think. 

Here in America, we who comprise ap- 
proximately six percent of the world's pop- 
ulation, use approximately forty percent 
of the world's non-renewable resources. To 
bring the rest of the world up to our 
material standard of living would require 

(continued on next page) 

t From a speech presented by Senator Hatfiekl 
at "Jubilee 79," a conference of Coalition for Chris- 
tian Outreach held March 1979 in Pittsburgh, Pa. 

May 1980 

mining 200 times the present amount of 
these resources, an amount which could not 
conceivably be maintained. Also, our 
massive consumption may prompt the U.S. 
to be militarily aggressive in areas of the 
world that supply these resources, such as 
the Middle East for its oil, as previously 

Measured against the standard of Scrip- 
ture, neither such gluttonous consumption 
nor military action to satisfy such gluttony 
is justified. In the eyes of our brothers and 
sisters in the Third World, our evangeliza- 
tion efforts there must seem stained with 
hypocrisy when they cannot afford to buy 
needed fuel and resources which have risen 
in cost due to growing scarcity, while we 
waste so much here. 

Being creation's stewards must affect our 
individual lives. Some small ways of exer- 
cising our stewardship might include turn- 
ing our thermostats lower in winter, in- 
sulating our homes, joining car pools, walk- 
ing and bicycling rather than driving, using 
returnables rather than throw-aways, and 
eating less grain-fed meat, which can re- 
quire up to eight pounds of grain to pro- 
duce one pound of meat. In short, being 
good stewards involves showing our respect 
for God, His creation, and other people in 
concrete ways. 

In our choice of energy sources, we can 
say to a world which measures everything 
by how much it costs, let us use those 
sources of energy which are in best keeping 
with our stewardship of the earth, not mere- 
ly those which are cheapest. We can also 
consider how best to apply the principles 
found in Leviticus 25 and elsewhere in the 

Being stewards of the earth involves 
much more than these suggestions. Indeed, 
we will find that it touches every aspect of 
our lives. It will not always be easy, and 
not always popular. We may even find that 
we personally do not always like it. 

Christ asked the man by the pool of 
Bethesda, "Do you want to be healed?" 
For this man, healing was far from easy. He 
had to learn a whole new system of life ; he 
had to learn to serve others rather than 
being served as a cripple. 

The question comes to us as well. Do we 
want to be healed? Do we want to give up 
our consumptive behavior and throw-away 
lifestyles? Only when we have made that 
decision can we begin to use resources 
wisely and care for the earth so that others 
may share in its goodness. Shall we refuse 
His healing and silently allow the earth to 
be plundered and totally desecrated? Or do 
we choose the hard road of healing? The 
choice is up to us. D 

IT Jjiivui 

''JESUS CHRIST IS LORD" (Phil. 2:11). 
^ This has been the confession of the 
Christian church from its beginning. Some 
day in the not too distant future, the whole 
of the universe will agree with this esti- 
mate of Jesus. 

As Christians, we have agreed that there 
is but one Lord, and only one drum cadence 
to which we can march. To listen to any 
other voice but His, to submit to any other 
allegiance but to Him, to obey any other 
master but Jesus, is idolatry. 

We can dialogue with any voice but His. 
His voice we simply obey, without regard 
for the cost. He speaks not so we might 
have something to th'nk about or some- 
thing to discuss in a Sunday school class, 
but so we might have something to do. It 
is with our hearts already set upon doing 
His Word that we open it to seek out our 
way of life within it. 

Jesus taught peace 

The word we have from Jesus is, among 
other things, the word of peace. He taught 
peace. He described His followers as those 
who are meek, merciful, peacemakers, and 
persecuted for righteousness' sake (Matt. 
5:2-12). He spoke volumes on how His fol- 
lowers were to suffer, but not one syllable 
on how they were to inflict suffering. 

Jesus' disciples were to be people of 
extraordinary love. Ordinary love repays 
in kind. It loves when loved, but deteri- 
orates into hatred when hated or rejected. 
Jesus' disciples, on the other hand, love 
even their enemies, their persecutors, and 

Rev. Gilmer is pastor of the Teegarden Brethren 
Church, near Lapaz, Ind. 

This is the second of two articles on peace which 
Rev. Gilmer has written at the request of the 
General Conference Social Concerns Committee, 
of which he is a member. The first article, "Peace: 
The Recovery of an Early Brethren Vision," 
appeared in the February issue of the Evangelist. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

a Biblical Perspective 

those who accuse them falsely (Matt. 5:43- 

The love Jesus taught was not to be pas- 
sive in the face of an enemy. Rather, it 
was to aggressively seek to return good for 
evil. When smitten on one cheek, the Chris- 
tian response is to turn the other. When 
forced to labor for the enemy, the Christian 
responds by doing twice as much as is de- 
manded. When sued for his cloak, the fol- 
lower of Christ voluntarily gives up his 
coat also. When persecuted and despised, 
the Christian responds by blessing and pray- 
ing for those who have sinned against him. 

Disciples actually and practically seek the 
good of their enemies (Matt. 5:38-48; Luke 
6:27-38). The Apostle Paul captured the 
force of Jesus' teaching when he wrote, *'Be 
not overcome by evil, but overcome evil 
with good" (Romans 12:21). 

Jesus taught His followers to absorb evil 
acts without retaliation (Matt. 5:39; 10: 
23a; Luke 6:31). But He went beyond that, 
for He knew that doing only that much 
would make His disciples slaves to evil — 
at the mercy of evil. It is by responding 
with active good or by going the second 
mile that the disciple breaks free from 
slavery and becomes the master over the 
evildoer and the evil act. 

The way of aggressive peace is a very 
powerful way of witnessing to the world of 
another way of life. There is a way of faith 
that overcomes the world (I John 5:4). 
There is a way to live that proclaims a final 
ground of confidence in the risen Lord and 
in His ultimate victory over everything evil 
in this world, including death itself (I Cor. 
15 : 24-26, 54, 55) . It is those who suffer with 
Christ who will also reign with Him (Phil. 
3:10; II Tim. 2:12; Rev. 20:4). 

Jesus called upon His followers to be 
sons of God in the sense that they reflect as 
sons the character of their Father. That 
character is one of indiscriminate love. The 
Father acts ; He does not react. His behavior 
is His own and is never determined by the 

May 1980 

by James Gilmer 

way human beings treat Him. That is why 
His sunshine falls with equal warmth upon 
both the good and the evil, why His rain 
descends in equal measure upon the just 
and the unjust. So we, as sons of God, are 
to be perfect (without prejudice or prefer- 
ence) in the way we love people — even 
enemy people (Matt. 5:44-48). 

Jesus expressly forbade His disciples to 
do physical harm to those who sought to 
destroy Him (Matt. 26:50-52). He warned 
against inner attitudes of anger, selfishness, 
or covetousness, because these attitudes 
would eventually lead to harmful acts 
against others (Matt. 5:21, 22; 6:19-24; 
Luke 12:13-21). He made it clear that any 
act of reprisal was "of another spirit" than 
His, because He came to save lives and not 
to destroy them (Luke 9:51-56 KJV; Cf. 
Matt. 5:38, 39; Romans 12:19). Further, 
Jesus taught that we are to ''love our neigh- 
bor as ourselves" (Mark 12:28-31 and 
parallels) and that we are to treat others 
the way we would like to be treated (Matt. 
7:12). He said that a disciple should be a 
servant by nature and that the infinite value 
of another person should never be violated 
by one of His followers (Luke 22:25, 26; 
John 13:12-17; Matt. 25:34-40). He taught 
that the cross was more than the way to 
death; it is the way of life (Mark 8:34-38; 
John 15:12, 13). The cross means not only 
atonement and forgiveness; it means the 
choice to give oneself up for the sake of 
one's enemies. It is a way of life that seeks 
forgiveness for the enemy while the nails 
are being driven in (Luke 23:34) and while 
the rocks are being thrown (Acts 7:59, 60). 

Jesus lived peace 

Not only did Jesus teach peace, but He 
lived peace. He could have summoned an 
angel army to subdue His enemies, but He 
died at their hands instead (Matt. 26:47- 
56). He stood defenseless before those who 

(continued on next page) 

falsely accused Him (Mark 14:60-65; Isaiah 
53:7-9), because He was confident that His 
case rested not in the hands of the Jewish 
council or the Roman law court, but in the 
hands of His Father (I Pet. 2:21-23). He 
went to the cross, not because He was help- 
lessly forced to, but because it was His 
considered choice to do so (Matt. 16:21-23). 
Clearly there stands a difference between 
the way of Jesus regarding enemies and the 
way of both individual and political man 
regarding enemies. One seeks the enemy's 
good, the other his destruction. Anyone 
who would choose to serve in an army and, 
at the same time, obey one Lord must some- 
how resolve the differences between these 
diametrically opposite goals. 

Give un+o Caesar 

Jesus did say we are to give to Caesar 
that which belongs to Caesar and to God 
that which belongs to God (Matt. 22:15- 
22). While many use these words to teach 
that when Caesar asks us to fight we must 
do so, in the mouth of Jesus the statement is 
ambiguous — spoken to confound those who 
had come with a dishonest question seeking 
to repudiate Him. For Jesus, absolute and 
supreme allegiance belonged to God alone, 
not to Caesar (Luke 4:8; Matt. 22:36-38). 
Therefore when Caesar demands anything 
of us which is counter to our absolute alle- 
giance, Caesar must be denied. There comes 
a time when we ''must obey God rather than 
men" (Acts 5:29). 

There are numerous references to gov- 
ernment in the epistles. Paul (in Romans 
13:1-7; I Tim. 2:1, 2) and Peter (in I Pet. 
2:13-14) agree that Christians are to live 
in submission to the state and to those in 
authority. When we interpret these pas- 
sages, however, we 

must recognize that 
for the first century 
Christians, the state 
was the enemy. 
Therefore these 
passages are saying 
the same thing 
Jesus taught con- 
cerning enemies. 

Those who read Paul and Peter were not 
about to enlist in a Roman army. They 
would have more likely joined a rebel army. 
Rome was the enemy! Therefore to say 
"submit to government" was to say ''sub- 
mit to your enemy, even if that enemy is 
an entire political system." 

In Romans, what Paul says about the 
state he says right along with what he says 
about enemies. Romans 13 can only be 
rightly understood in the light of Romans 

''The love Jesus taught was not 
to be passive in the face of an 
enemy. Rather, it was to ag- 
gressively seek to return good 
for evil.'^ 

12:17-21. The Greek text has no division 
here; these verses should be grouped 

Peace and the Old Testament 

A biblical perspective on peace must also 
address itself to the hard question of vio- 
lence and war in the Old Testament. If 
Jesus, the New Covenant, and the apostolic 
church preclude the use of violence, why 
does the record of the Old Covenant often 
include gory descriptions of Israelite 
warfare ? 

The answer to this question is to be found 
in a larger principle of biblical interpreta- 
tion. The Bible is a Christocentric book. 
The Old Testament anticipates the Messiah. 
The Gospels record the Messiah's presence. 
The Acts and epistles record the activities 
of the people over whom Messiah reigns 
until He comes again to reign universally. 
In Jesus we have a higher word than we 
have in Joshua. 

In the Old Covenant there was a Divine 
concession to a lower level of life that ended 
with the revelation of Jesus Christ. Speak- 
ing on divorce in Matthew 19:8, Jesus indi- 
cated that God once allowed it under Moses 
''because of the hardness of your hearts." 
I Samuel 8:4-22 records how God conceded 
to Israel's desire to be like the surrounding 
nations by having a king, even though God 
Himself was to be their King. Paul says that 
God once simply overlooked some sins be- 
cause man did not know enough to be 

But that has all changed with God re- 
vealed in Jesus (Rom. 3:21-26). Jesus con- 
versed directly with the Old Covenant and 
demonstrated His own priority over it in 
the words, ''You have heard that it was 

said. . . . But I say 

toyou. .." (Matt. 5: 
21,22, etc.). Under 
the Old Covenant 
there was polyga- 
my, oath swearing, 
blood vengeance, 
laws of retaliation, 
and capital punish- 

ment for reasons 

ranging from murder to disobedience of par- 
ents. All these and much more passed with 
the New Covenant, and so did warfare. 

The prophets anticipated a Messianic age 
in which concessions to former sins would 
cease and the external law written on stones 
would become an inner law written on hearts 
of flesh (Ezk. 11:19,20). During this age, 
war would be no more (Isa, 2:4; 9:5,6). 
The gospel holds that Messiah has come. 
Among His people, war is no more. □ 


The Brethren Evangelist 


the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

>.*: V'P - What you get out of your mind depends on what 
•''•*•• you put into it. 





inKing /vidcnine 

npHE human brain is the greatest creation 
1 in all God's universe. In our attempts 
to probe its depths, we have just barely 
scraped the surface. The brain, which 
houses the mind, stores a wealth of 

God did His utmost when He designed 
this intricate, blood-lubricated computer. 
In spite of its capacity, the brain is so com- 
pact that it's portable. You carry it with 
you wherever you go. In fact, you can't go 
anywhere without it! 

The Master Creator does not guarantee 
this computer to always function properly, 
however. It depends on you and the data 
you feed into it. The choices you make may 
or may not contribute to a smooth-running 

Some choices turn out well. For example, 
suppose I spend my time reading about 
stocks and bonds. Maybe I'll become an 
expert on the stock market. That could be 

Other choices turn out bad for the 
system. I can feed my computer the wrong 
kind of data and short circuit the whole 
thing by producing an aberration. Suppose 
I become a regular in adult book stores. I 
could become a sex pervert! You see, there's 
a possibility of overloading the circuit with 
bad data. 

Marcus Aurelius said it right eighteen 
centuries ago when he penned: ''Our life 
is what our thoughts make it." In other 
words, what we feed the computer makes 
us what we are. King Solomon said, 
"For as [a man] thinketh in his heart 
[computer], so is he." 

Benjamin Franklin said we use only 10% 
of our mental capacities. Perhaps I do no 
reading or serious contemplation. I merely 
watch TV. Others feed me through a box 

imported from Japan. My mentality will 
eventually reflect that feeding. My com- 
puter is becoming televisionized with a lot 
of bad data. 

The question is. What do you put into 
your mental computer? The human mind 
is but barren soil waiting to be enriched 
and fertilized. You're the agriculturist. Do 
you plant inspirational material and eternal 
verities? Or are you sowing worthless fads 
and fancies that produce nothing fruitful? 

Putting trivial and unfruitful data into 
this marvelous computer will soon exhaust 
and corrupt it. Edward Spencer once made 
this statement: "It is the mind that maketh 
good or ill, that maketh wretched or happy, 
that maketh rich or poor." 

'The Master Creator does not guar- 
antee this computer to always 
function properly. ... It depends 
on you and the data you feed 
into it." 

In this day of deep depression and bleak 
news, the mind needs something positive. 
Something lasting. Something that will 
stretch a man and make him more like God, 
not shrink him like the devil. 

What man needs, then, is the Bible. He 
can never get enough of it. The greatest 
minds were Bible soaked minds. Abraham 
Lincoln once said: "Get all the Bible you 
can, for you can never get enough of it." 
It's the best lubricant available for the 
brain. □ 

May 1980 

Focusing on the Word 


Breakmg Doiun the Barriers 

Leroy Solomon probes Paul's message In Epheslans 2:1 1-22 
that Christ has broken down the barriers that divide 

HAVE you ever resented the way people 
treated you because that treatment 
was based simply on the way you looked 
or on what you believed or because of where 
you are from? People consistently cate- 
gorize others according to certain charac- 
teristics. For example, we group others 
according to their color, nationality, sex, 
occupation, religion, wealth, handicaps, 
talents and abilities — even according to the 
position they hold in the church. We find 
ourselves associating with certain groups 
because they have "these" characteristics 
or avoiding other groups because they have 
''those" characteristics. 

Every day people use the above charac- 
teristics to group or categorize others. 
Many times the groupings are made out of 
resentment or out of feelings of hate for 
''those people." People are busy building 
neighborhoods, while Christ came to build 

In writing to the Ephesian Christians, 
the Apostle Paul addressed this very prob- 
lem. In Ephesians 2:11-22 he speaks par- 
ticularly to the problem between the Jews 
and the Gentiles. 

The Jews had an immense contempt for 
Gentiles. They ranked Gentiles with dogs, 
or even lower than dogs. Jews were not 
permitted to enter a Gentile's house or even 
to aid a Gentile in trouble. Peter refers to 
this in Acts 10:28. But Peter had seen a 
vision in which God had shown him that he 
must not call anything unclean which God 
had cleansed (Acts 10:9-16). Because of 

Rev. Solomon is pastor of the Gretna Brethren 
Church, near Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

this vision, Peter went to the house of 
Cornelius the Gentile and preached to him 
the gospel. The message of this passage 
from Acts is that in Christ there is no d-S- 
tinction between Jew and Gentile. And that 
is what Paul is trying to point out here in 
Epheslans 2:11-22. 

But Paul goes even further and addresses 
this entire problem of categorizing people, 
of building walls or barriers of hostility 
between one another. In doing so he speaks 
to the Ephesian Christians about two con- 
ditions. One is their condition before they 
came to Christ (w. 11-12). The other is 
their condition after they came to Christ 
(vv. 13-22). 

Remember your condition before you 
came to Christ, Paul says. You were called 
"uncircumcised" by the so-called "circum- 
cised" (v. 11). Remember also that you 
were separated from Christ, excluded from 
citizenship, foreigners to the covenants, 
without hope and without God (v. 12). The 
Gentiles were in a lost and hopeless 

But before Christ came, all men were in 
a lost and hopeless condition. No one could 
come before the Father as a righteous one, 
saved from his sins. Even now, no one can 
come to the Father except through Christ. 
Jesus said of Himself, "I am the way, the 
truth, and the life" (John 14:6). All people 
need to remember their condition before 
they met Christ. We all were without hope, 
excluded from the citizenship of heaven, 
foreigners, without God. But now, Paul 
says, in Christ Jesus you who once were 
far away have been brought near through 
the b^ood of Christ (v. 13). Your condition 
is different. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''Jesus treated all men equally, never 
grouping or categorizing them accord- 
ing to their color, work, faith, wealth, 
or even their sins, . . . He gave Himself 
equally to all men because He loved 
them all'' 

Look at your condition now in Christ. 
Christ has brought peace — peace between 
God and man (v. 18) . All men can now come 
to the Father through the same Spirit. 

But that is not the only kind of peace 
Christ brought. Christ brought peace be- 
tween men and men. Christ has destroyed 
the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility 
(v. 14). Christ has wiped out the law of 
commandments with its decrees, a religion 
based on all kinds of rules and regulations 
(v. 15) . In its place, the love of God and the 
love of men was placed. Jesus transcends 
all local and racial differences. 

Christ's purpose was to create one new 
man out of the two, thus making peace 
(v. 15). This word new is significant. The 
Greek language has two words for new. 
One of these refers to something that has 
come into existence recently, but of which 
there may have been thousands of the same 
kind in existence already. For example, a 
pencil produced in a factory today is new, 
yet there were already millions in existence 
like it. 

The other word for new, the one used by 
Paul here, means something quite different. 
It has the idea of quality. When Jesus came. 
He produced something that never existed 
before, a new kind of person out of the 
many that already existed. He did not blot 
out all their former characteristics, but He 
made them into one new person, a Christian. 
The purpose of this new creation was to 
bring peace between men. There is no longer 
need or room for barriers or walls or cate- 
gories of men. 

Prior to this Paul had said that Gentiles 
were excluded, foreigners, without hope (v. 
12). Now their condition in Christ is quite 
different (vv. 19-22). They are now fellow 
citizens with God's people. They are mem- 
bers of God's household, all built along side 

of one another on the chief cornerstone, 
Jesus Christ. Together, they are becoming 
a holy temple in the Lord. (Compare also 
I Pet. 2:4-12.) 

In reading this passage of Scripture — 
as with all passages of Scripture — we 
should ask ourselves not only what it says, 
but how it applies to us today. Therefore 
let us consider what these verses have to 
say to us. 

The church is sometimes more exclusive 
than God. Many times we only go after 
certain kinds of people. These efforts can 
be intentional or unintentional. We build 
walls of hostility and barriers of division 
around ourselves and others. This happens 
even within the church. We build walls be- 
tween people, grouping them according to 
the positions they hold, the money they 
have, the gifts and talents they display, or 
just because they are "different." 

Some people say that we will always have 
these divisions, these groups or categories. 
Was this the model Christ gave us? Was 
this the message Paul wrote to the Ephe- 
sians and to us? How can we say we love 
as Christ loved wnen we have built walls of 
prejudice and barriers of hostility between 
ourselves and others? 

Paul says that Christ destroyed the 
barriers (v. 14), that He put to death the 
hostility between men (v. 15), and between 
man and God (v. 16). Christ did this 
through the cross (v. 16). He took upon 
Himself the hostilities, the divisions, the 
differences men had and died for them. He 
paid the penalty for the hate and hostility 
that men create in themselves. Christ came 
to preach peace to all men (v. 17). Now 
men can live in peace with each other when 
they look at the world through the love of 

(continued on next page) 

May 1980 


Francis Schaeffer has written, "With God 
there are no little people. . . . Our attitude 
toward all men should be that of equality 
because we are common creatures. We are 
of one blood and kind. As I look across the 
world, I must see every man as a fellow 
creature and I must be careful to have a 
sense of equality on the basis of this com- 
mon status. We must be careful in our 
thinking not to try to stand in the place of 
God to other men. We are fellow 

Jesus showed by his example the worth 
of all persons. He spoke to the woman at 
the well, who had had five husbands. He 
touched those who were repulsive because 
of illness. He spoke to members of the 
upper class and to the so-called religious 
people of his day. In other words, Jesus 
treated all men equally, never grouping or 
categorizing them according to their color, 
work, faith, wealth, or even their sins. Jesus 
looked at them all as needing Him, needing 
salvation and hope. He gave Himself equally 
to all men because He loved them all. 

This is Paul's message to the Ephesians. 
Christians cannot put up walls of division 
or prejudice. Christ has brought peace be- 
tween men. Men can come together, in spite 
of their differences, because of their com- 
mon love and union in Christ. The church 
does not exist to propagate the ideas of 
any body of men, but to provide a home 
where the Spirit of Christ can dwell and 

* Francis A. Schaeffer, No Little People (Inter- 
Varsity Press. 1974), pp. 13,20. 

where all men who love Christ can meet 
in that Spirit. Christ has made the many 
into one new man, bringing peace. 

What walls divide you and your neigh- 
bor? What walls divide you from the person 
who sits on the opposite side of the sanc- 
tuary each Sunday? Is it money, job, color, 
authority, handicap? Or is it just that he 
or she is "different?" We are each guilty 
of building walls of hostility and prejudice. 
But we can begin to break those walls down. 

First, pray that Christ will change your 
attitude, your heart, towards all men. Ask 
Christ to enable you to look at all men 
equally, as common creatures with you. 
There must be an inward change of attitude. 

Secondly, begin with the people in your 
own church. Actively seek out those whom 
you have built walls around because of 
differences. Start by going to them and 
establishing relationships in the love of 
Christ. You might even want to confess your 
attitude prior to this time. 

Then third, begin to seek out and asso- 
ciate with people in your neighborhood 
whom you have avoided in the past. Wel- 
come them into your life and into your 
church. Look at them as Christ would look 
at them, all needing to know about the 
Savior and salvation. When you do, those 
differences that you once saw will dis- 

"For he himself is our peace, who has 
made the two one and has destroyed the 
barrier, the dividing wall of hostility . . ." 
(v. 14 — NIV). Let us come together in 
Christ and have peace with one another. □ 

"h^4'4''I*4*4*4*4*'^4'4*4**^'^4*4*4*4'4'^4*4'4*4'4*4^4*^4*4*4**M*4*4*^* I **I'*I**I'* I **I**I** I *4*4H*4''^ 

Social Concerns ComnniHee 

The Social Concerns Committee deserves com- 
mendation for its recent emphasis and information 
about social issues facing the church — particularly 
in the realm of peace education. 

Jim Gilmer's survey of the peace stance through- 
out our early Brethren history (Evangelist, 
February 1980) informed and challenged us. Also, 
all pastors received a letter offering a free "Peace 
Packet" by writing to Doc Shank, Peace Coor- 
dinator. This packet will be helpful in counseling 
young men and women facing draft registration. 
In addition, the committee circulated a survey by 

which local church leaders can indicate their 
choice of topics deserving attention by the Social 
Concerns Committee. We hope these surveys have 
been returned so the committee might proceed 
in many crucial areas of concern. 

Two resources have been helpful to us: 
Christ and Violence (Herald Press, paper) is a 
new book by Ronald J. Sider full of biblical 
evidence for non-violence in resistance to evil, and 
concern for the poor that leads to action. 

In addition, "World Peacemakers" (2852 On- 
tario Rd., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20009) is a net- 
work of Christians in the U.S. who are seeking 
two things: (1) To realize the security in God's 
supreme act of love, the sending of His Son, Jesus 
Christ, who came to earth in weakness (as the 
world views weakness). (2) To act out of this 
Christain security to decrease the horrendous 
over-supply of armaments in the world today. 
World Peacemakers sends out guidelines for 
initiating local groups, and newsletters informing 
members of the Christian perspective of current 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Phil and Jean Lersch 


The Brethren Evangeijst 

>ara o\ Chr 
)i College 

,iaua0 Educauon 

:. 419-289-2148 
44805 » "^^-^ ^ 


p.,^istian Friend, 
Dear Christx 

near Christian Friend, ^^^^^ ,,,^ 

. as the time ^^'^en .e ta^^^^^ ^^ 

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May IS desi^ „^ogram and len<i ^,^y Bvan^£^_^ ^^^^e and vi 

the youth prog ^^^ Pag®%°\elp yo^ realise tn 
in your church. ^^ ^^^ ^-ai ^elP > ^^^^ 

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pictures ■- Youth Crusd ^^ <^oors 

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foundation o ^^^^^ tomorrov. I ^^^^ the y maturity 

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youth of today -.trative support to 

in our youth. ,.ovides administrat i^eness 

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The Board of ^/'',\Q_day basis. ^'^ -^^g to the Nati Readership 

the BYC on ^fj local BYC ^f/^^su^e respo-^i^^^^^^^^^^ ^/,,e Brethren 
from the several i ^^^^ ^°.f the best traditions our 

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„„ His youth »ith you. 

Serving ^^^ ^ 

Charles G 



B^YC opens doors to service 

for Brethren Youth 

« » • 

May 1980 



BYC opens doors 

to service 

for Brethren Youth 

BYC organization: 

The Denominational Youth Ministry 

OV/'/^ on the national level is a grow- 
D I K^ ing and vital force in the life of 
the Brethren Youth organization. The na- 
tional organization serves to build up Breth- 
ren Youth in fellowship and in the Lord's 

A set of goals for the organization out- 
lines important elements of its ministry to 
the church's youth. They are: 

(a) Encourage Brethren Youth to 
examine themselves and identify 
their spiritual gifts. 

(b) Provide training and opportunities 
for youth to use these gifts in 
real-life situations in their 

(c) Generate enthusiasm for and 
;•' commitment to the gospel and 

the Brethren Church. 

(d) Generate positive attitudes toward 
the church and Christian service. 

(e) Promote unity and fellowship 
among Brethren Youth. 

(f) Recruit gifted youth for 
leadership and ministry in the 
Brethren Church in both lay and 
professional capacities. 

BYC organization: 

The National BYC Convention 

THE National BYC Convention is held 
annually, coinciding with the General 
Conference of the Brethren Church in 
August. Meeting at Ashland College, the 
youth delegates are exposed to many of 
the General Conference events, and thereby 
gain a richer sense of involvement in the 
church as a whole. Youth may attend the 
Convention as delegates, alternates, or 

In addition to the business sessions of 
the Convention, the program offers youth 
many opportunities for spiritual enrich- 

ment. It also gives them a chance for fel- 
lowship with Christian friends. 

The Convention plays an important role 
in stimulating Brethren Youth toward pos- 
itive leadership and development. They are 
motivated toward service and commitment 
to the Lord and to the Brethren Church. 
They are exposed to the growing excitement 
of seeing God's will and work in the Breth- 
ren Church, and are encouraged to take 
an active part in seeing His work done in 
local settings as well. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

BYC organization: 

The Brethren Youth Council 

THIS is an advisory and legislative board 
of youth which was authorized at the 
1970 BYC Convention. It is composed of 
present and past national BYC officers, an 
elected representative from each district, 
the district BYC presidents, and six at-large 
representatives appointed by the Director 
of Christian Education. The Council may 
offer recommendations to national BYC on 
business matters. Input of local and district 
levels of BYC is obtained through this 

i % 


//#**- , 


/ - 

BYC organization: 

The Morning Star 

THE MORNING STAR is the national 
BYC publication. It is sent to regis- 
tered BYC members, BYC advisors, and 
Brethren college students. Published quar- 
terly, the magazine includes various fea- 
tures designed to build youth spiritually 
and to promote cohesiveness among the 
youth across the denomination. 

Bible studies, fund-raising ideas, news 
events, information concerning the national 
BYC project, as well as local and district 
news are contained in each issue. Q 

Brethren Youth serve 

Through the Summer Crusader 
and Internship Program 

THE Summer Crusader/Internship Pro- 
gram offers Brethren Youth a summer 
of experience in Christian service. Objec- 
tives of the program are: 

(a) to provide opportunities for youth 
to express their Christian 
commitment through personal 
contacts and leadership roles in 
local church situations; 
to help committed Christian youth 
face the moral, ethical, 
philosophical, and social problems 
of contemporary Christendom ; 
to enable capable youth to 
participate meaningfully and 
responsibly in the evangelistic 
and educational functions of the 
church ; 
(d) to provide field experiences which 












\ ^' 







May 1980 


will be helpful to young people 
who are considering full-time 
Christian service ; and 
(e) to provide worthwhile assistance 
to Brethren congregations and 
institutions having special needs. 
This ministry offers assistance to the 
Brethren Church in such programs as com- 
munity survey, special youth services, evan- 
gelistic endeavors, camping, VBS, and music 

and drama. 

Internships are open to responsible Chris- 
tians who feel they would like to explore 
the facets of a full-time Christian occupa- 
tion. They are usually experienced Crusa- 
ders who desire further and more extensive 
service. Interns are located in one place of 
service throughout the summer and may 
serve in pastoral, church staff, geriatric, 
or missionary positions. 

Work teams 

Music teams 


Brethren Youth serve 

Through Their National Projecf 

FOR 30 years, the National BYC has been 
raising financial support for various 
projects within the brotherhood. It began 
in 1950 with support for the Brethren Bible 
Training School in Argentina. In the years 
between then and now, the National BYC 
has raised over $200,000.00 for the Lord's 

work in the Brethren Church. The projects 
have covered many areas of ministry, in- 
cluding foreign missions, home mission 
churches, nursing care facilities, and Bible 
learning institutions. The 1980 project is 
the Evangelist Endowment Fund. n 

1 116 Doard of vhrisHan Lducarion fllQS ■ ■ ■ 


\ to 



'T'^E dollars you send the Board of 
1 Christian Education provide the ad- 
ministrative support that makes the local, 
district, and national BYC a cohesive unit 
of Christian service. 

Several publications are provided by the 
Board of Christian Education to help the 
BYC. These include: 

The Leader's Handbook, designed to 
help local youth leaders understand the 
youth they serve and the BYC organ- 
ization, was first published in 1977. 
Since that time the handbook has been 
useful in promoting strong local 
BYC organizations. 

The BYCommunicator is a short, 
informal publication that appears from 
time to time to help pastors, youth 
ministers, and BYC advisors stay 


The Brethren Evangelist 

aware of ideas and programs from 
the National office. The BYComniuni- 
cator was first published in January of 
1980 and has met with initial success. 
The BYC Calendar is designed to pro- 
vide the youth and their advisors a 
coordinated Bible study during the year 
by putting a very practical tool in their 
hands. Scripture passages suggested 
for study each week are coordinated 
with articles that appear in the 
Morning Star each quarter. 
These publications are available from the 
Board of Christian Education office for 
anyone who works with a BYC organization 
on any level. They are made available at no 
charge because the cost for their publica- 
tion is underwritten by the May Youth 

The Director of Christian Education assists 

There is one other way the BCE helps 
the Brethren Youth Crusaders on all levels. 
The Director of Christian Education stands 
ready to meet and work with local and dis- 
trict boards of Christian education and 
youth groups and to help them in any way 
possible. Letters or phone calls are always 
welcome, and on several occasions in the 
past few months the Director of Christian 
Education was able to meet in person with 
groups of advisors or district boards of 
Christian education. Again, the expenses 
involved with this aspect of BCE assistance 
are paid for through the May Youth 
offerings. □ 

You Can Help... 

THE preceding pages have presented a 
rather brief overview of Brethren 
Youth Crusaders — the BYC organization. 
Perhaps you've heard all this before and 
there's nothing really new to you on these 
pages. That's a possibility. However, it's 
important to review from time to time those 
elements of our denomination that are so 
important to the success of the Brethren 

Psychological studies indicate that people 
are more open to change between the ages 
of 12 and 20 than at any other time of their 
lives. And a national survey indicates that 
only 3 out of 10 young people will remain 
in their churches by the time they reach 
age 20. 

It is through an expanded and respon- 
sive youth program that Brethren Youth 
will realize that their church cares about 
them and offers them answers to the ques- 
tions of life. 

The BYC, with the administrative assis- 
tance of the Board of Christian Education, 
can help our church retain its young people. 
The relative success of our efforts is tied 
directly to the prayer and financial support 
that we give the BYC. 

Won't you help us to continue and to 
strengthen the youth program of the 
Brethren Church ? The BYC is the key that 
will open the door to success. During May, 
WE WANT YOU to help. \J 

May 1980 


Make a joyful noise to the Lord 

Ps. 100 

I Am 


/;:> {6{^:}aii/uy^7HB 

The Very Best 

The Very Besf 



^■^O. '% 

and CASSETTES $7.98 

clip and send 

Let Everything That Has Breath 

Praise the Lord 

Send me the following 
Bill Gaither Trio music 

My name 
Address ^ 


The Carpenter's Shop 

709 Claremont Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 




Ohio residents add 36c tax per item. 


news from the Brethren Church 

Growth continues at Gretna Brethren Church 

The Gretna Brethren Church 
is continuing to experience 
growth in 1980, as it did in 
1979. Average Sunday school 
and worship service attendajices 
have gone up each month this 
year, and attendances are high- 
er than the corresponding 
months of 1979 (see chart). 

We have also had three people 
renew their faith in Jesus 
Christ and express their desire 
for membership in our congre- 
gation. Several more are con- 
sidering the same decision. We 
still have new families visiting 
and coming back because of the 
warm loving spirit of the 

Gretna Brethren Church January 



Average Sunday school attendance: 

1980 78 



1979 63 



Average worship attendance: 

1980 99 



1979 73 



Festival of Evangelism to focus on 
146 million unchurched Americans 

Eighty million Americans are 
not members of any church or 
religious group, according to 
latest estimates. Of the 132 mil- 
lion who are members, only 
about fifty percent have any ac- 
tive relationship with a church 
in their community. Thus broad- 
ly speaking it can be said that 
146 million Americans are un- 
churched. This U.S. "mission 
field" embraces nearly three out 
of every four homes in our 

These 146 million Americans 
will be the focus of the Ameri- 
can Festival of Evangelism, to 
be held July 27-30, 1C81, in 
Kansas City, Missouri. Twenty 
thousand participants from 
more than 150 major church 
bodies in America are expected 
to attend the festival, which will 
have as its theme, "Let the 
Church Obey His Voice." 

According to Dr. Thomas F. 
Zimmerman, chairman of the 
Planning Committee, the festi- 
val is to be a "gathering dedi- 
cated to motivating God's peo- 

ple to evangelize America 
through the application of effec- 
tive strategies together with a 
deep sense of commitment to 
earnest prayer and Spirit-filled 
action for the outreach of the 
gospel and the growth of the 

While some of the unchurched 
may deeply resent any intensi- 
fied efforts toward Christian 
evangelism, the polls clearly in- 
dicate that millions of Ameri- 
cans are now open to a more 
active faith. Thirty-two million, 
in fact, indicate that they are 
willing to become Christians 
sometime in the near future. 

The American Festival of 
Evangelism will be an attempt 
by American churches to assess 
their responsibility to those who 
are willing. Furthermore, it will 
seek to encourage every local 
church to reach out in love to 
the people of its own commun- 
ity, and to provide the evan- 
gelistic tools and resources. 

According to its planners, the 
festival will not be one more 


But our attendance figures are 
only up because of another kind 
of growth that is taking place. 
We have many who have been 
Christians for some time who 
have deepened their commit- 
ment to Christ and the church. 
There are those who are now 
willing to teach who have never 
taught before. Others are will- 
ing to serve in ministries they 
never served in before. 

Some members are reporting 
that they have taken more 
seriously their personal devo- 
tional lives and that they can 
feel the growth. Many have 
given testimony that God means 
more in their lives now than He 
has ever meant before! It is for 
these reasons that the figures 
are climbing here, and we praise 

We know that if we continue 
to grow we will need more 
space. We added on to our sanc- 
tuary last year, and now we 
are planning and dreaming of 
adding still more space for both 
worship and Sunday school. 

Many people feel we are way 
out here in the country with 
corn and bean fields all around 
us. But we are finding that 
where the Spirit of the Lord is, 
people will come. People are 
hungry for God's Word and need 
to be with God's people. That's 
what we want to give them here 
at Gretna. 

Rev. Leroy Solomon, pastor 

effort on the part of Christians 
to drag unwilling Americans in- 
to the church fold. Rather it 
will be an effort to encourage 
American churches to be more 
sensitive to those outside the 
laith, with an attempt to build 
bridges to the vast numbers in 
this country who are now indi- 
cating deep concern for the 
Christian way of life. 

May 1980 



George Hooks (left), former chairman of the hoard of trustees of the 
Brush Valley Brethren Church, burns the parsonage mortgage. Watching on, 
from left to right, are Brush Valley Pastor Thomas Kidder, Moderator 
Clarence Hooks, Rev. Carl Phillips, and Edward Crissman, present chairman 
of the board of trustees. Photo by Carol French 

Brush Valley burns parsonage mortgage 

The Brush Valley Brethren 
Church near Adrian, Pa., burned 
its parsonage mortgage on Sun- 
day, March 16 — just four years 
to the day from the date the 
parsonage was dedicated. The 
church was able to pay off this 
15-year mortgage in just four 
and one-half years. 

It took some concentrated 
giving by the congregation in 
January and February to 
achieve this goal. At the begin- 
ning of January the member- 
ship was informed that about 
$2300 was still owed on the 
parsonage. But the members 
were challenged to pay this debt 
off so that the mortgage-burning 
could be held on March 16th. 
And they came through! 

Rev. Carl Phillips, pastor of 
the Vinco Brethren Church, was 
the speaker for the special ser- 
vice. Music was presented by 
the church's junior and youth 
choirs. Following the afternoon 
service, the Brethren fellow- 
shipped together around an eve- 
ning meal. 

Rev. Thomas Kidder, pastor 
of the Brush Valley congrega- 
tion, reports that this was not 

the only special event at the 
church this year. On February 
24th, new robes were dedicated 
for the 28-member junior choir. 
The robes were made by the 
women of the church. According 
to Pastor Kidder, the robes are 
considerably better than any 
commercially avadlable, and cost 
less than one-third as much. 

Speaking of choirs, the Brush 
Valley Church has a new one. 
On February 10th, a new choir 
made its initial appearance be- 
fore the congregation. The choir 
is composed of twelve high 
school youth and under the lead- 
ership of Foster Whitling and 

Sara Jane Croyle. They sing 
twice a month for the morning 
worship service and also for 
special occasions. 

One such occasion was the 
church's Sweetheart Banquet, 
held the Sunday before Valen- 
tine's Day. Both the youth choir 
and the junior choir sang for 
this event. The David Crissman 
family also presented special 
music. The sweetheart couple 
chosen by the congregation to 
be honored at the banquet was 
Mr. and Mrs. Hooks. Alvin and 
Ocie Hooks have been married 
37 years and are the parents of 
three children. 

Scripture translations reach 
new peak of 1,685 languages 

New York, N.Y. — By the end 

of 1979, at least one book of the 
Bible had been published in 1,685 
of the world's languages and 
distinct dialects, according to 
the American Bible Society. 

This represents an increase of 
26 languages over the 1978 

First publications of the entire 

Bible were completed in five 

There were 25 languages in 
which complete New Testa- 
inents were reported published 
for the first time. 

The complete Bible has been 
published in 273 languages, New 
Testaments in 472, and portions 
in 940. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Brethren World Relief Board members attend 
Domestic Disaster Relief Seminar 

Phil Lersch of the St. Peters- 
burg, Fla., Brethren Church and 
Mrs. Edna Logan of Bethlehem 
Brethren Church in Virginia 
attended a Domestic Disaster 
Belief Seminar at New Windsor, 
Maryland, on March 3-5. Rev. 
Lersch and Mrs. Logan are both 
members of the Brethren World 
Relief Board. 

The Brethren Church just re- 
cently became a part of the 
Church of the Brethren's dis- 
aster relief program. Thus the 
personal contacts, information, 
and materials Lersch and Logan 
received enriched their under- 
standing of this cooperative 
ministry of the two Brethren 

Sponsored by the Church of 

the Brethren, the seminar is an 
annual event to train leaders for 
its network of volunteer teams. 
These team members must be 
ready at a moment's notice to 
leave their homes and jobs to 
help those who have become vic- 
tims of natural disasters such as 
floods, tornadoes, earthquakes, 
or fires. Sessions focused on hu- 
man relations, understanding 
shock and trauma, volunteer 
motivation, and project admin- 

R. Jan Thompson, Disaster 
Network Development and Proj- 
ects Coordinator for the Church 
of the Brethren, says, "Effec- 
tive teamwork does not come 
without training. Disaster re- 
sponse is not a one-time need, 

Dr. J. D. Hamel, senior pastor of the Sarasota, Florida, First 
Brethren Church, was honored by the Sarasota congregation on 
February 3rd, as Dr. Hamel began his 21st year as pastor of the 

A plaque was presented by the congregation which reads, 
"Presented to Dr. and Mrs. J. D. Hamel on this third day of 
February in appreciation for twenty years of love and ministry in 
Christ. February 7, 1960-1980." The congregation also presented 
the Hamels with a six-piece set of American Tourister luggage at 
the close of the morning worship service. 

During his 20 years of ministry at Sarasota First Brethren, Dr. 
Hamel has baptized 808 people into membership and received an 
additional 196 into the church by letter. 

Pictured from left to right are Mrs. Juanita Dillard, Rev. Robert 
Dillard (associate pastor). Moderator Leo Elliott, Dr. and Mrs. 
Hamel, Mrs. Leo Elliott, and Mr. Karl Kandel — holding a piece of 
the luggage. 

nor is it pre-planned to fit a 
schedule. The results of nature 
unleashed can cause extensive, 
widespread damage involving 
thousands of people; or it can 
destroy a single home leaving 
a family without clothing or 

"The Brethren disaster net- 
work responds to fit the need. 
Teams join forces with other 
organizations where mass de- 
struction requires multiple ef- 
forts. A group from a local con- 
gregation may rebuild a neigh- 
bor's fire-damaged house. Not 
only physical needs must be met, 
but attention given to the emo- 
tional stress of victims. Con- 
cerned, attentive listening or a 
gentle touch can go a long way 
toward relieving the agony of 

All Brethren churches re- 
ceived literature about Domestic 
Disaster Relief in January, 1980. 
The February Evanigelist con- 
tained an informative article (p. 
25). Those Brethren interested 
in learning more about this 
unique ministry and/or volun- 
teering for the "waiting list" 
should contact their pastor or 
church moderator. 

Former aborl-ionist- 
changes his mind 

Former abortionist Dr. Ber- 
nard Nathanson has changed 
his mind about abortion, accord- 
ing to a report in NAE Wash- 
ingrton INSIGHT. 

Dr. Nathanson, who developed 
a clinic which performed 60,000 
abortions per year, now feels 
there is no difference between 
abortion and infanticide. Human 
life is sacred, he says. 

Alcoholic drinks are America's 
favorite beverages. Reports in 
Advertising" Age and the Ameri- 
can Institute of Public Opinion 
say that 7 of every 10 American 
adults use alcohol, while only 
6 of 10 drink coffee. Just under 
half drink milk, soft drinks, and 
fruit and vegetable drinks. 

May 1980 



Florida Conference bears Munson; 
cares for disfricf business 

The Florida District Confer- 
ence was held at the Bradenton 
Brethren Church on Sunday 
afternoon and evening, March 

Inspirational speaker for the 
conference was Dr. Charles 
Munson, professor at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. Dr. Mun- 
son spoke once in the afternoon 
and again in the evening. 

Another feature of the con- 
ference was a presentation of 
the musical the "Music Ma- 
chine." This was presented by 
children from the Sarasota and 
Brandon Brethren churches, 
under the direction of Jeff 
Lentz, a tentmaker in the Bran- 
don congregation. 

Conference Coordinator (mod- 
erator) Dr. J. D. Hamel presided 
over the afternoon business 
session. Business conducted in- 
cluded reports by district and 
denominational ministries, elec- 
tion of officers, treasurer's re- 
port, and adoption of the district 




Florida District officers (from left) Rev. and Mrs. Bob Dillard, Rev. 
and Mrs. Keith Bennett, Mr. David Brandenburg, Mr. Kevin New- 
some, Dr. J. D. Hamel, and Mr. Lynn Stump are installed by General 
Conference Moderator William Kerner (back to audience). 

I I 

Officers elected for 1980-81 for 
the Florida District were: co- 
ordinator-elect — Rev. Keith Ben- 
nett; secretary — ^Mrs. Keith Ben- 
nett; treasurer — David Branden- 
burg; members at large^ — Rev. 

I I 

Bob Dillard, Kevin Newsome, 
and Mrs. Bob Dillard. Mr. Lynn 
Stump, who served one year as 
coordinator-elect, is the 1S80-81 
conference coordinator (moder- 
ator) . 

Summit conference on won 
evangelism planned 


Wheaton, 111. — Approximately 
650 Christian leaders from 
around the world will gather in 
Thailand June 16 for a 10-day 
Consultation on World Evangel- 

The conference is being con- 
vened by the Lausanne Com- 
mittee for World Evangelization 
(LCWE), an international non- 
denominational organization 
that evolved from an earlier 
worldwide meeting of evangel- 
ical Christians held in 1&74 in 
Lausanne, Switzerland. 

Purposes of the consultation 

— to assess the state of world 

— to seek fresh vision and power 
for the task of fulfilling the 
Great Commission. 

— to complete an extended spe- 
cialist study program on 
theological and strategic 
issues related to world evan- 

— ^to develop specific evangelistic 
strategies related to diiferent 
unreached peoples. 

— to review the mandate of the 
Lausanne Committee for 
World Evangelization. 

As a foundation for the 10-day 
Thailand gathering, hundreds of 
study groups around the world 
have been meeting for the past 
two years. The findings from 
these groups have been compiled 
into summary papers, which will 
form the basis for studies dur- 
ing the conference. 

Dr. Billy Graham, an ex-officio 
member of the Lausanne Com- 

mittee, sees this consultation as 
"the summit conference on 
world evangelization." Accord- 
ing to Graham, "The conver- 
gence there of many top Chris- 
tian leaders from around the 
world makes this one of the 
most significant evangelical 
gatherings of our time." 

Saphir Athyal, program chair- 
man for the consultation, says, 
"If 'evangelization of the world 
in this generation' is to become 
a reality, and not simply a slo- 
gan, this consultation merits a 
great outpouring of prayer and 
material support." 

The theme for the Thailand 
gathering, "How Shall They 
Hear?" was chosen as a natural 
follow-up to the 1974 Lausanne 
Congress theme, "Let the Earth 
Hear His Voice." 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Brethren Publishing Company 
installs new offset press 

Ashland, Ohio — The Brethren 
Publishing Company installed a 
new offset press March 31. Pur- 
chased from the Kissinger Com- 
pany in Mansfield, the A.B. Dick 
375 will be used for the "bread 
and butter" offset work, accord- 
ing to Ron Waters, Executive 
Director and General Manager. 

"We are replacing three small 
offset presses with this one 
model. We expect the use of one 
press instead of three to con- 
solidate our work and provide 
overall greater efficiency," 
Waters added. 

The press is also equipped 
with a second color unit, so two 
colors may be printed in one 
pass through the press. 

Some items that may be print- 
ed on the new press are covers 
for the Brethren Evangelist and 
the Bible Class Quarterly; In- 
sight into Brethren Missions; 
various letters, bulletin inserts, 
brochures, and other promo- 
tional materials for Brethren 
Church ministries; parts of the 
Morning Star (youth maga- 
zine) ; and letterheads, envel- 
opes, and business forms. 

The press will also be used 
for the growing commercial 
work the company does to sup- 
plement printing services for 
the denomination. 

"As of April 12, $16,500 in gifts 

Russian Chris 
20 fhousand 

New York, N.Y. — Russian Chris- 
tians have printed 20,000 Bibles 
and placed them in the hands 
of fellow believers, according to 
the American Bible Society. 

The Bibles were printed in 
Leningrad and sent to Moscow 
for distribution. 

The printing was paid for with 
thank offerings from Russian 
Christians who received Bibles 
exported to the Soviet Union by 
the United Bible Societies last 

Bible Society figures show 

May 1980 

Dave Holdsworth (left), sales representative for the Kissinger Com- 
pany, and Ron Waters, Executive Director of the PubUshing Company, 
look over literature giving details of the new press. The Publishing 
Company's new A.B. Dick offset press is in the foreground. 

and loans from Brethren church- 
es and individuals had been re- 
ceived," Waters said. "The re- 
sponse of the Brethren has been 

fians print 

that about 40,000 Bibles and 
something over 20,000 New Test- 
aments in Russian have been 
officially published since 1S68 by 
denominations other than the 
Russian Orthodox Church. 

The Russian Orthodox Church 
received government permission 
in 1979 to print 50,000 Bibles, 
the fourth such printing since 
World War II. 

Estimates by the United Bible 
Societies (UBS) indicate that 
approximately 365,000 Bibles 
and New Testaments have been 

tremendous, and a real encour- 
agement to me. I especially have 
appreciated the helpfulness of 
our pastors in making our need 
for investment funds known to 
their congregations." 

About $6,500 more is needed 
to complete the purchase of the 
press and its related equipment. 

printed in the Soviet Union since 

UBS has been working to 
ease the acute shortage of 
Scriptures among Russia's 259 
million people. Last year, the 
UBS exported 25,000 Bibles to 
Russia in accordance with per- 
mits granted by the government. 
This represents the largest ex- 
port of Scriptures into Russia 
by the Bible Societies since 



Publishing Company receives gift 
from Gladys Lonero estate 

Ashland, Ohio — The Brethren 
Publishing Company was one of 
several denominational minis- 
tries named in the settlement of 
the estate of Gladys Kilhefner 

The company received nearly 
$13,000 in cash, and loans total- 

ing $6,000 were forgiven as part 
of the settlement. 

"My heart is filled with grat- 
itude to Mr. and Mrs. Lonero 
and the Kilhefner family for 
their commitment to their Lord 
and the Brethren Church 
through the years," said Ron 

World Relief sends seed 
fo Cambodian farmers 


Wheaton, 111. — World Relief 
Corporation (WRC) has sent 
1,000 tons of seed rice for distri- 
bution at the Cambodian border. 
The seed was sent in order to 
help prevent a repeat of last 
summer's widespread starvation 
among the Cambodian people. 

WRC took action when it 
learned that the United States 
had concluded that planned dis- 
tribution of seed through the 
Cambodian capital would not be 
possible due to logistical, politi- 
cal, and time complications. 
WRC knew that unless seed was 
sent immediately so that plant- 

ing could begin before the start 
of the rainy season, Cambodia 
would once again be totally de- 
pendent on outside relief. 

World Relief workers are 
monitoring the distribution of 
seed at the border to insure de- 
livery to Cambodian farmers. 
The Red Cross estimates that 
600,000 Cambodians receive food 
and supplies at the border for 
use inside the country. 

Total cost of the seed, ship- 
ping, and distribution is esti- 
mated at $250,000, and WRC is 
making appeals for funds to 
support this crucial project. 

Solar charger developed for use 
in cassette ministries 

Wheaton, 111. — Portable Record- 
ing Ministries, Inc., of Holland, 
Michigan, recently announced 
the development of a new 
product especially designed for 
missionary use. The product, a 
SC-6 solar charger, was devel- 
oped to recharge 6-volt cells 
used in cassette recorders, thus 
eliminating the costly and con- 
tinuous expense of expendable 

In many parts of the world, 
common batteries are either 
scarce, unavailable, or very cost- 
ly. In addition, heat and humid- 
ity can quickly destroy dry 
batteries. The PRM solar panel, 
used with a rechargeable bat- 
tery, has allowed cassettes to 
become a more dependable tool 
for Christian witness and 

growth in remote areas. In fact, 
the cost of replacing batteries 
for a cassette player, compared 
to the lifetime use of a solar 
charger, would eventually equal 
10 times the one-time invest- 
ment in a solar panel. 

The new solar panel can also 
directly power a cassette player. 
But the use of a storage battery 
allows for a more practical sys- 
tem, since time of use does not 
always coincide with sunlight. 
The battery can be used for 
several hours at night, then be 
recharged during the following 
day by the solar cell. 

Founded in 1967, Portable Re- 
cording Ministries is sensitive to 
the practical needs and requests 
of missionaries. 

Waters, Executive Director of 
the company. "Mr. and Mrs. 
Lonero have been especially 
supportive of the Publishing 
Company in recent years 
through the loan of funds for 
capital improvements. 

"Now it is fitting that they 
have continued to remember the 
church after Mrs. Lonero's 
death through her estate," 
Water's added. 

The money from the estate 
has been designated by the 
Board of Trustees of the Pub- 
lishing Company for future 
equipment purchases to update 
the print shop. 

Mrs. Lonero passed away in 
the fall of 1979. She is survived 
by her husband, Frank, who 
lives in Fairview Park, Ohio. 

Also named in the estate were 
the Missionary Board, Ashland 
College, and the Brethren's 
Home at Flora, Ind. 

Publishing Company now 
stocking Standard 
Sunday school material 

Ashland, Ohio — The Brethren 
Publishing Company is now 
stocking Standard Sunday 
school material on a trial basis. 

"Beginning with the summer 
quarter, nearly all Standard ma- 
terials used by our customers 
will be shipped from Ashland, 
rather than drop-shipped from 
Cincinnati," said Pat Dovey, 
Sunday school sales coordinator. 

"While Standard curriculum 
is not endorsed by the Board of 
Christian Education for use in 
Brethren churches, a few con- 
gregations do use some Stand- 
ard materials. By stocking 
Standard, we expect to be able 
to provide better service not 
only for them, but for the many 
Ashland area churches that are 
buying material directly from 
the publisher," she added. 

The Publishing Company also 
stocks Gospel Light, David C. 
Cook, and Scripture Press 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Bd. of Christian Ed. announces Mexican Interns 

Ashlamd, Ohio — Plans for the 
1980 Crusader/Internship pro- 
gram are progressing smoothly, 
according to Charles Beekley, 
Director of Christian Education. 
The Board of Christian Educa- 
tion has the following additional 
developments to announce con- 
cerning this program. 

Mexican Inteims: Two young 
Brethren women will be partici- 
pating in a summer of foreign 
missions. Gwen Holsinger, from 
the Ashland Park Street Breth- 
ren Church, and Barbara 
French, from the West Alex- 
andria (Ohio) Brethren Church, 
will spend eight weeks in Mexico 

The two interns will spend 
their summer participating in 
the SPEARHEAD program, 
which offers language training, 
cross-cultural orientation, and 
several other subjects in class- 
room training. Following this 
training, Gwen and Barb will 
work in the local church in 
Mexico City. 

Crusader itineraries : By mid- 
April final touches were put on 
the itineraries for the four 
Crusader teams that will be 
traveling throughout the denom- 
ination this summer. Pastors of 
those churches that will be 
visited by a Crusader unit have 
been sent letters informing 

Jane Drexler named to "Who's Who" 

Jane Drexler, a member of the 
First Brethren Church of Louis- 
ville, Ohio, was chosen for the 
1979-80 edition of Wiio's Wlio 
Among Students in American 
Universities and Colleges. Jane 
is a senior at Miami University 
of Ohio. 

In 1976 and 1977 Jane served 
as a BYC Summer Crusader. 

Students are chosen for Who's 
Who on the the basis of their 
academic achievements, service 
to the community, leadership in 
extracurricular activities, and 
future potential. 

Richard Staffer appamted asst 
prafessar af Ashland College 

Ashland College has an- 
nounced the appointment of Dr. 
Richard Stoffer to the position 
of assistant professor in the 
department of biology. 

Dr. Stoffer, currently of 
Columbus, Ohio, is originally 
from Canton, where he was a 
member of the Canton Trinity 
Brethren Church. He is the son 
of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Stoffer, 
also members of Trinity Breth- 
ren Church. 

A 1970 graduate of Ashland 
College, Stoffer went on to earn 
his master of science and doc- 
tor's degrees at Ohio State 
University. His most recent 
appointment was on the faculty 
of Urbana College, but he has 

also worked for the Ohio State 
University Research Founda- 

Mrs. Richard Stoffer (Cathy 
Grassman) is also a 1970 grad- 
uate of Ashland College. She is 
a high school mathematics 
teacher. The Stoffers are the 
parents of one daughter. 

Dr. Stoffer, whose appoint- 
ment will become effective in 
September, will teach courses in 
zoology, ethology, comparative 
anatomy, embryology, and field 
zoology. He will also institute 
a course in limnology (study of 
fresh waters, particularly lakes 
and ponds) to add to the depart- 
ments offerings in environmen- 
tal biology. 

them of the schedules. The itin- 
eraries will be published as soon 
as all participating churches 
confirm the details. 

Personnel change: Mary Ellen 
Bates, who had been scheduled 
to be the captain of one of the 
education teams, has found it 
necessary to withdraw from the 
Crusader program. Her position 
will be filled by Jean Troup, 
from the Meadowcrest Brethren 
Church in Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Jean is an experienced Crusader 
who will provide superb leader- 
ship for that education team. 

In addition to the above, the 
Board of Christian Education 
has the following information 
to share about other aspects of 
its ministry. 

Christian education survey: 
In early April several hundred 
Brethren were asked to partici- 
pate in a survey of Christian 
education in the Brethren 
Church. The results of this sur- 
vey have been tabulated by 
computer to be presented at a 
meeting of the Board of Chris- 
tian Education May 2-3. 

This survey was taken to help 
identify the needs of the denom- 
ination in Christian education. 
These needs will then be ad- 
dressed in ABCT workshops. 
General Conference seminars, 
and Brethren Evangelist arti- 
cles. The board appreciates the 
efforts of those who completed 
and returned the questionnaire. 
A summary of the survey find- 
ings will be presented in the 

Filmstrip catalogs: The new 
catalogs of the filmstrip library 
are off the press and have been 
distributed to those who ordered 
them. Each Brethren Church is 
entitled to one copy of the 
catalog. Additional copies may 
be purchased from the Board of 
Christian Education at the re- 
duced price of $3.00, which in- 
cludes postage and handling. To 
order, contact the BCE, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 

May 1980 



Calendar of Event's 


MAY— Youth Offering 

1 Pastors' Conference concludes 

2 W.M.S. Spring Board Meeting 
2-3 BCE Board Meeting, Ashland 

S-10 Leadership Group, Camp Bethany 

JUNE — Ministerial Student Aid 

12-14 Indiana District Conference 


17-19 Central Conference, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

17-19 Pennsylvania Conference, Camp Peniel 

24-26 Southeast Conference, St. James, Md. 


11-15 General Conference, Ashland 

SEPTEMBER— Publications 

13 Ohio Conference, Delaware 

OCTOBER— Ashland College 

9-11 Midwest Conference, Mulvane 

NOVEMBER— Home Missions 

DECEMBER — Christian Education 

5 Leadership Group, Ashland Park Street 

6 Exec. Committee, Ashland Park Street 


Mr. & Mrs. Paul S. Miller, SOth, May 7. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence Ru Lon, 50th, May 4. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Mr. & Mrs. Russell MuUinex, 50th, April 27. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Mr. & Mrs. Ora Greer, 51st, April 6. Members of 
the Corinth Brethren Church near Twelve Mile, 

Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Dillman, 54th, April 4. Members 
of the Corinth Brethren Church near Twelve Mile, 

Carl and Mary Kingery, 63rd, March 15. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, Flora, Ind. 

Bits 'n Pieces 

Rev. Virgil Ingraham led a missionary confer- 
ence at the First Brethren Church, Flora, Ind., 

March 21-23. Earlier that week (on March 18) 
"The Lower Lights," a traveling choir from River- 
side Christian School, presented a musical entitled 
the "Music Machine" at the Flora Church. 

Rev. Arden Gilmer was the speaker for revival 
services at the Oak Hill, W. Va., First Brethren 
Church March 16-20. Special music for the ser- 
vices was provided by "The Free Spirit" and 
"David and the Disciples." 

Cheryl Bauer to Joseph Randal MoCain, April 13, 
at the bride's church. Groom a member of the 
First Brethren Church, Flora, Ind. 

Jill Ann McKinley to Kevin John Patterson, April 
12, at the Corinth Brethren Church near Twelve 
Mile, Indiana; Fred Snyder, pastor, officiating. 
Bride a member of the Corinth Brethren Church. 

Julie Blakley to Douglas Yoder, April 12, at the 
Ft. Wayne, Ind., Calvary Presbyterian Church; 
Rev. John Tobian and Rev. Claude Stogsdill offi- 
ciating. Groom a member of the First Brethren 
Church, Warsaw, Ind. 

Evalene Ohler to Rodney Miller, April 12, at the 
Berlin, Pa., Brethren Church; Ralph Mills, pastor, 
officiating. Groom a member of the Berlin 
Brethren Church. 

Sherry Walgamuth to Charles Fruitt, April 12, at 
the Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church; Claude 
Stogsdill, pastor, officiating. 

Cynthia J. Slee to Daniel Schuler, March 28, at 
the bride's home; Rev. George Hapner, officiating. 
Bride a member of the First Brethren Church, 
Roann, Ind. 

Stacha Burgess to Donald Stogsdill, March 23, at 
the Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren Church; Claude 
Stogsdill, pastor and father of the groom, offici- 
ating. Groom a member of the Warsaw First 
Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Mrs. Cora Voorhees, 95, March 28. Member for 77 
years of the First Brethren Church, Flora, Ind. 
Services by Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 

Harold Vankosky, 69, March 28. Member of the 
First Brethren Church, South Bend, Ind. Services 
by Larry R. Baker, pastor. 

Claude H. Edwards, 86, March 25. Member of the 
Brethren Church, Washington, D.C. Services by 
Robert Keplinger, former pastor. 

Gertrude M. Dean, 88, March 15. Member for 22 
years and a deaconess of the Brethren Church, 
Washington, D.C. Services by Rev. A. E. Kline. 
Arlene LeMaster Payne, 57, March 15. Member 
since 1954 of the First Brethren Church, Burling- 
ton, Ind. Former member of the Loree Brethren 
Church near Bunker Hill, Ind. Services by Ken 
Goss, pastor, and Rev. Duane Dickson. 

Mrs. Vemabelle Miller, 58, March 13. Member of 
the First Brethren Church, Flora, Ind. Services by 
Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 

Marion Cormany St. Clair, January 27. Former 
member of the Brethren Church, Washington, 
D.C. Services in Arlington, Va. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


As church growth thinking influences more people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARM, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the Institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Stagnant Churches 

Question. Why do some churches not grow? 

Answer. We can identify a number of "com- 
mon denominators" of non-growing churches that 
seem to be directly related to church stagnation. 

One commonly identified characteristic of a 
non-growing church is that the people and the 
leadership have become preoccupied with their 
own congregation. A disproportionate amount of 
money, time, attention, personnel, and resources 
are spent on themselves, rather than on the 
unchurched people around them. 

Another reason is that a church can often be- 
come chained to non-productive work. Laity and 
pastors can easily become involved in "busy 
work," meeting after meeting, committee after 
committee, without ever addressing themselves 
to whether the church is making an impact on 
the lives of the people in the community. It is 
important to know the actual contribution of each 
group and program in the church as it relates to 
growth. Leaders should directly evalute the efforts 
of the church against results. 

A third common reason for non-growth is 
actually a lack of any desire to grow. Many 
churches are quite comfortable just the way they 
are. They might not admit to the suggestion that 
they don't want to grow, but deep down they like 
it "just like it is." Sometimes the people feel 
growth would infringe on their "fellowship." Per- 
haps the priorities of the church in general do 
not hold evangelism /church growth as a signifi- 
cant item. 

One other common denominator, although there 
are more, is an attitude in the church that growth 
is really not possible at all. Other churches may 
be growing, but those churches are in more re- 
ceptive neighborhoods, have better facilities, more 
programs, or better leadership. "We just don't 
have any of those things, so growth cannot be 

Happily, we are finding that none of these 
"common denominators" of stagnation are irre- 
versible. Many churches willing to pay the price 
are turning from non-growth to new Effectiveness 
in outreach. It's not easy, but it is being done and 
can be done in most non-growing churches. 

Question. Seventy-five percent of our church 
membership is between 25 and 40 years old, where- 
as seventy-five percent of the membership of a 
church down the street is between 60 and 75. 

Wouldn't you say our church is "healthier" than 
the other church? 

Answer. Absolutely not. The average age of 
the membership is no indication of the vitality of 
a church. The "older" church may be involved in 
a very successful campaign of reaching people 
from 60 to 75 for Jesus Christ, while your church 
might have the same seventy-five percent it had 
ten years ago in the 15 to 30 year category. The 
key to a dynamic church is not youth, but 

Membership Growth 

Brush Valley: 5 by baptism 

Nappanee: 4 by baptism, 4 by transfer 

Goshen: 9 by baptism, 1 by transfer 


. . . please let us know. 

1. Give old address: 



City State 
2. Fill in new address below: 




City State 


Date new address in effect 

3. Mail this form to: 

Address Correction 

Brethren Publishing Company 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805 

May 1980 


finally^ hrethren 

. . . some thottghts to take with you! 


MENTION being tossed to the lions for 
lunch and people's thoughts are apt 
to turn to the Roman arena, where many 
Christians found themselves to be ''cat- 
food" because they would not give Caesar 
their allegiance ahead of Christ. Such was 
their decision, a decision backed by the 
laying down of their lives. 

We may tend to forget, however, the 
first godly man to have faced the saber- 
toothed hunger pains. It was the prophet 
Daniel. A hostage, he was, near the Persian 
Gulf. The situation was one similar to that 
which would come approximately 600 years 
later in Rome. Daniel was faced with a 
decision that had serious consequences for 
his life. 


500,000 refugees are 

crying for help. Your church 

or organization can sponsor a 

refugee family now. Write to World 

Relief or caU TOLL-FREE 800/431-2808 

for more information on this 

exciting ministry. 


Touching a suffering world 
in Jesus' name. 

p. 0. Box WRC, Nyack, NY 10960 
Jerry Ballard, president 


by Dennis Leinbach 

Some militant court counselors — under- 
princes to the king — were jealous of 
Daniel's power, prestige, and position. They 
conspired against him, tricked the king 
into playing the part of a stooge in their 
putrid plot, and Daniel found himself the 
main course dish for the court's ''cats." 

God had other plans. When the king 
rushed to the den in the morning to see if 
Daniel was still breathing, he found Daniel 
rested, well, and waiting for breakfast. 
Daniel's answer to the king's first words 
bears repeating. "My God sent His angel 
and shut the lions' mouths, and they have 
not harmed me, inasmuch as I was found 
innocent before Him; and also toward you, 
O king, I have committed no crime" (Daniel 
6:22— NASB). 

God remains today the God of the arena. 
Though ''lions" would devour us, God opens 
or shuts mouths at His will. Let us not 
yearn only for a Christianity that shuts all 
the lions' mouths, but the kind that remem- 
bers who created the lions' mouths, shut 
or open. □ 


Leinbach is a 

senior at 

Ashland Theo- 

logical Seminary. 

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June W&} 


As church growth thinking influences more people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARN, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the Institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Priorities in Visitation 

Question. There is a feeling within our con- 
gregation that the pastor should spend a greater 
amount of time visiting members rather than 
non-members. What do you think? 

Answer. How a pastor spends his time has 
direct implications for the growth or decline of 
a church. In most cases, the pastor is free to 
determine the areas he feels should be emphasized. 
Research confirms that a pastor who spends a 
significant proportion of his time visiting members 
does not have a growing church. 

This can be illustrated by the Whetstone United 
Church of Christ in Anderson, Indiana. Study the 
graph, below, of average worship attendance, and 
it is evident that something happened in 1978 
which caused a serious decline in the growth 
pattern of this congregation. What happened? 

in the body through visitation. (The Book of Acts 
records that the first deacons were chosen to free 
the apostles for other ministry; Acts 6:1-7.) Caring 
for those within the body may also be accom- 
plished through cell groups or the "Undershepherd 

Of course, there are those special needs which 
only the pastor can meet, based on his involve- 
ment, training, skill, and compassion. But a sig- 
nificant part of the pastor's time should be in- 
vested in calling on non-Christians and unchurched 
people in the local ministry area. One pastor I 
know has a goal of 50 calls on unchurched people 
a week — and he insists that his staff of three 
make the same number of calls. Of course, he leads 
a vital, living, growing church. 

While there are many good things a pastor can 


1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 197J 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 

Rev. Verlin Smith, pastor, can clearly identify 
the cause of this decline. In 1978 the deacons in 
the church requested that the pastor restrict his 
visitation to existing church members. According 
to Pastor Smith, this change in emphasis was a 
major factor in the decline in worship attendance. 

The often unspoken expectation of many church 
members is that their pastor will make regular 
calls on members. Would these same people ex- 
pect their family physician to make house calls 
every few months to inquire as to their health? 
Certainly not. 

This is not to suggest that present members do 
not need attention, love, and care. Such concern 
is critical if the church is to effectively incorporate 
its new members. In many churches deacons or 
elders fill this need, as they assume an active role 

do to fill a working week, the pastor concerned 
with growth and outreach will not allow non- 
productive endeavors to sap his time and energy. 

» *>fc I 

Membership Growth 

Flora: 1 by baptism 

Sarasota: 4 by baptism 

Berlin: 5 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Cheyenne: 6 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Ardmore: 19 by baptism, 5 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

■ ^The Brethren -^j • j 


In its 102nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 

Editor : 

Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor; 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $/.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75^ 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 



Summer is a time for outdoor 
recreation and vacations. But as 
Christians, we should not let 
these activities crowd out our 
regular attendance at the wor- 
ship services of our church. 

Vol. 102, No. 6 

June 1980 

4 Looking Beyond the ImperfecHons 

Evan Bridenstine offers suggestions for living with less-than- 
perfect people. 

6 Liberation Theology: 

Another Voice in Christian Concern 

Owen H. Alderfer describes and evaluates this influential 
theological movement. 

> ^•m < 

Focusing on the Word 

10 God's Secret Declared 

In this exposition of Ephesians 3:1-13, Kent Bennett examines 
Paul's revelation of the mystery of Christ. 

> m%w * 

Ministerial Student Aid 

12 Looking Back, the Future Is Now 

by Donald R. Rinehart 

13 Practical Help: Paying the Way 

by Bradley E. Weidenhomer 

14 Gaining a Good Foundation 

by Archie Nevins 

15 Stepping Out in Faith 

by Mark Baker 

15 Knowing that Brethren Care 

by Mark Britton 

16 Seeking God's Will First 

b\ Scot Millhouse 

» ^*w « 


2 People Are Asking. . . 

17 The Salt Shaker 

18 Update 

25 As I See It 

26 Letters 

June 1980 


Evan Bridenstine offers suggestions for living with less- 
than-perfect people. 

npHE early church was in an uproar. 
1 Peter, one of its top leaders, had 
admitted to direct contact with Gentiles. 
It would have been easy to overlook the 
matter if nothing extraordinary had hap- 
pened. But God had poured out His Spirit 
on those disgusting Gentiles! What to do? 

Peter, perhaps a bit more settled than 
the rest, listened to others criticize him for 
breaking an ancient tradition. *Teter," 
they said, ''don't you understand? We Jews 
just don't do that! Couldn't you leave those 
Gentiles alone?" 

They asked for an answer, so Peter gave 
them one. ''1 was in the city of Joppa pray- 
ing," he began. The rest is recorded in Acts 
11. I'd like to draw one phrase out of his 
defense — ''What God hath cleansed, that 
call not thou common." Hang on to that; 
we'll use it later. 

Peter's speech and the evidence of God's 
Spirit were convincing, and the church be- 
gan to reach out to the Gentiles. 

But what if the church had refused to 
listen to Peter? What if the Christians at 
Jerusalem had stoned him instead? What 
if they had clung to the old traditions and 
legalistic guidelines without seeing that 
God wanted to include others who were not 

They didn't. 

They listened. 

They looked beyond all the customs and 
cultural barriers and welcomed these new 
converts into the family of God. They were 
still Gentiles; nothing could change that. 
But they were accepted. 

Too often we Christians just give up on 
developing relationships with other Chris- 
tians because we can't see past this bad 
habit or that disturbing tendency. I'm not 
talking about loving the unlovable; I'm 
talking about loving the annoying. 

I'm sure you know someone from the 
annoying category. You can get along with 

him most of the time, but when he starts 
acting silly or criticizing or doing some- 
thing else you can't stand, forget it. Maybe 
your answer to this sort of person is to 
walk away and leave him alone. After all, 
it's his bad habit, not yours. 

I can just imagine what Jesus might 
have said if He had taken this attitude. 
"Time to pick my disciples. There's Peter. 
I'm supposed to call him. But he's so in- 
secure. Judas will betray Me to death. And 
they'll all desert Me. What's the use? I 
might as well go back to heaven for all the 
good this bunch will do Me." 

But Jesus didn't say that. He looked 
beyond the faults and questionable charac- 
ter of His disciples and saw the impact their 
witness would have on the world. He didn't 
deny that they had faults, but He chose 
instead to see the disciples for what they 
would become in a few years. 

Remember that phrase? The New Inter- 
national Version puts it this way, "Do not 
call anything impure that God has made 
clean." Another way of saying this might 
be, "Don't call anyone annoying whom God 
has made perfect." 

Perfect? You don't mean to tell me that 
that insecure, gossipy, lying misfit is per- 
fect, do you? 

I get it. You want me to change my 
attitude. But why should I change? It's 
his problem, isn't it? Can't I just pray that 
God will take that fault away so that we 
can live together in peace? 


You can pray that way, but I doubt that 
it will help. 

As usual, God is right on top of things. 
He knows what the situation is. He knows 
what needs to be done. He knows that for 
some reason you just haven't found the key 
to getting along. And He's chosen the 

Paul wrote in Romans 9:20, "But who 

The Brethren Evangelist 

are you, O man, to talk back to God? 'Shall 
what is formed say to him who formed it, 
''Why did you make me like this?" ' " 

If we have no right to ask God why He 
made us the way we are, we also have no 
right to ask God, "Why did you make him 
like this? Can't you change him?" 

God, in a sense, is limited by our prayers. 
If we don't pray according to his will, there 
will be no solution. Therefore, if we keep 
praying the why-don't-you-change-him-so- 

along-together prayer, nothing will happen. 

I think a better way to pray in this kind 
of situation might be, "Lord, this is the way 

photo by Frank Fraas 

Evan Bridenstine is a member of the Smithville, 
Ohio, Brethren Church. In May he completed his 
sophomore year at Ashland College, where he is 
majoring in creative writing-journalism. 

In addition to his interest in writing, Evan is 
a performer, and has appeared in several theater 
productions at Ashland College. This spring he 
also presented a one-man show entitled "Here We 
Grow Merrily Old in May," which consisted of 
poems by Ogden Nash. The poems, which Evan 
selected, cut, and arranged, traced the life of a 
man from age twenty through old age. Evan 
performed the show twice in the new Ashland 
College coffee house, and once at a banquet for 
Brethren Summer Crusaders, BYC Council mem- 
bers, and Brethren high school students interested 
in Ashland College. The picture above is from one 
of these performances. 

Last summer Evan served as a BYC -sponsored 
church staff intern in the Pittsburgh Brethren 
Church, and this summer he will be traveling with 
the BYC Summer Crusader musical team "One 

things are. I'm willing to help, but I'll trust 
you to act in this." 

That's it. 

But what if nothing happens? 

At one point in my life I found that I 
could not bear a certain girl — a person I 
had to work with for an extended period 
of time. Even though she had not been 
asked to lead, she insisted on having her 
own way. She criticized and insulted me 
until I couldn't take being in the same room 
with her for five minutes. 

For awhile I prayed, "Lord, change her. 
You can see she's being bossy and stubborn, 
can't You?" Because I prayed this way, 
nothing happened. Finally, I began to avoid 
the person. 

Then I found that Philippians has the 
key. Look in chapter three, verses twelve 
through fourteen. "Not that I have already 
obtained all this, or have already been 
made perfect, but I press on to take hold 
of that for which Christ Jesus took hold 
of me. Brothers, I do not consider myself 
yet to have taken hold of it. But one thing 
I do : Forgetting what is behind and strain- 
ing toward what is ahead, I press on toward 
the goal to win the prize for which God 
has called me heavenward in Christ Jesus." 

That's the key. If we keep dragging up 
all the past mistakes and imperfections, we 
won't get anywhere. But if we look beyond 
all that mess and try to see the things that 
could be instead of the things that are, 
we're on the right track. That passage 
applies to dealing with ourselves, but it 
also applies to dealing with others. 

I decided to give it a try. 

Nothing miraculous happened, but I 
could take her criticisms and insults with- 
out wanting to leave the room. Then, little 
by little, I got used to her imperfections. 
And I could see that God had given her 
great leadership ability. Before we could 
get along, I had to accept her with all of 
her imperfections. 

Totally accepting someone opens the 
door for that person to grow. Entering into 
a relationship with the intent of changing 
someone will never succeed. But if you enter 
into a relationship with the intent of loving 
that person in spite of faults, you've got 
the right idea. The secret lies in looking 
beyond imperfections. 

I'm not suggesting that we should lie. 
Those faults are real, so don't deny their 
existence. Just say to yourself, "Well, those 
are imperfections. So what?" 

We have the ability to choose what we 
want to see. If we choose to see imperfec- 
tions, we'll see nothing but imperfections. 
But if we choose to see a perfect child of 
God, that's exactly what we'll see. D 

June 1980 

Another Voice in Christian Concern 

ment within Christianity that gained 
increasing momentum and attention during 
the past decade. Emerging particularly in 
Latin America in reaction to widespread 
poverty associated with class structures, 
liberation theology has come forward as a 
force to confront injustice and to champion 

Dr. Alderfer has been professor of church history 
at Ashland Theological Seminary for the past 15 
years. In July he will become head of the religion 
department at Messiah College in Grantham, Pa. 

by Owen H. Alderfer 

the cause of the poor. From Latin America 
some of the concepts and methods of this 
movement have spread, particularly across 
the Third World. Now, to some extent, it 
has become a theme among religious think- 
ers in North America as well. 

Some theologians see liberation theology 
as the wave of the future in Christian 
thought and expression. An editorial com- 
ment in Christian Century, a voice of liberal 
Christianity in America, declared: 

Once considered exotic and fanciful, liberation 
theologies now have a good chance of becom- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

ing the way ahead for theology in the next 

century — // only it can manage to be true both 

to the aspirations of the oppressed and to 

the reality of the beyond in their midst J 

If liberation theology is of such significance, 

then informed Christians had better have 

some awareness of its shape and direction. 

What is Liberation Theology? 

The idea of liberation catches the imagi- 
nation of sensitive people wherever they 
perceive situations of oppression. It is no 
accident, therefore, that liberation theology 
had its rise in Latin America, a continent 
that is both nominally Christian and broadly 
poor. Here Christian theologians and ac- 
tivists, confronted with situations of gross 
poverty of long standing, came to identify 
the cause of the poor with the message of 
the gospel. 

Over the years the misery of the poor had 
not been alleviated by the small upper class 
that controlled the wealth and held the 
power in the various countries. This was 
true even though the members of the upper 
classes were professing Christians. Oppres- 
sion in these countries was perceived as a 
result of classism, the domination of the 
many by the few to the great advantage of 
the latter. From Latin America and the 
oppression of the poor the concepts of lib- 
eration theology spread to other areas and 
broadened to incorporate other aspects of 
oppression. In most of the rest of the Third 
World it addressed issues of national pov- 
erty, the growing and extending wealth of 
the rich nations at the expense of the poor 
nations. In the United States liberation 
theology addressed oppression in the form 
of racism. Therefore it found applications 
in Black Theology and addressed itself to 
discrimination against black people to the 
advantage of the white. In another form, 
liberation theology appears in the feminist 
movement as a reaction to sexual oppression 
— the long-standing dominance of male over 

Not a single nnovement 

It is evident, then, that liberation theo- 
logy is not a single and specific movement. 
Rather, the term covers a variety of con- 
cerns and directions. Still, there are com- 
mon denominators within the broad sweep. 
It is a^opropriate to pick up some of these. 

First, liberation theology starts with the 
human situation rather than from intellec- 

1 "Third World Theology, Fourth World Libera- 
tion," The Christian Century, XCIII, No. 18 (May 
19, 1976), p. 478. 

tual formulations or biblical principles. 
Gustavo Gutierrez, a leading Latin Ameri- 
can spokesman and ''systematic theologian" 
of the movement, has written, ". . . the 
theology of liberation offers us not so much 
a new theme for reflection as a new way 
to do theology. Theology as critical reflec- 
tion on historical praxis [the human sit- 
uation] is a liberating theology. ... It is a 
theological reflection born of the experience 
of shared efforts to abolish the current 
unjust situation and to build a different 
society, freer and more human. "^ This is 
theology as action rather than as classroom 
or ivory tower reflection and discussion. 
"Doing theology" is a key principle. Con- 
cepts emerge from action; one discovers 
the mind and purpose of God by doing the 
acts of God as seen in Jesus Christ. 

Concerned with oppression 

Second, the several expressions of the 
movement deal with the theme of oppres- 
sion, whether oppression as classism, rac- 
ism, sexism, or in any other form. Libera- 
tion theology seeks to discover and go to the 
roots of oppression, rather than deal with 
the symptoms — such as poverty, illiteracy, 
or job discrimination. Causes of oppression 
must be dealt with root and branch so that 
there is no longer any way for the symp- 
toms to be produced. At this point the Bible 
becomes an inspiration for liberation 
theology. The words and example of the 
prophets of the Old Testament calling for 
justice in the land inspire to action. So do 
the words and work of Jesus, who came to 
preach to the poor, to release the captives, 
and to deliver the downtrodden. God has 
shown Himself to be on the side of the 
oppressed and opposed to the oppressor. It 
is God-like activity and thinking to be in- 
volved in action that relieves oppression. 

Thirdly, liberation theologies generally 
incorporate the Mar::"st social analysis in 
their overview. This is not to say that people 
associated with it are all communists. But 
socialist tendencies are generally evident. 
Gutierrez dealt with this issue in an inter- 
view for Christian Century. The interviewer 
asked, "Is the Marxist analysis of society 
indispensable to liberation theology?" 

Gutierrez responded, "It is indispensable 
inasmuch as it forms part of today's culture. 
I cannot think about my faith without tak- 
ing into account a current of thought as 
important as Marxism." 

Capitalism and the capitalist countries — 

(continued on next page) 

"Gustavo Gutierrez, A Theology of Liberation 
(Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1973), p. 15 ff. 

June 1980 

''In its relationship with Marxism, 
Hberation theology tends to condone 
violent revolution, the accomplish- 
ment of the will of God by very 
questionable means/' 

particularly the United States — are seen 
as enemies of liberation. As oppressor, they 
must be dealt with. Javier Iguiniz, another 
Latin American libsrationist, in the inter- 
view noted above, declared, ''Every capi- 
talist country has conditional liberty, a free- 
dom within the dominant classes. When 
those dominated begin to make use of free- 
dom to call into question the class structure, 
they are deprived of their freedom." 

The theme of revolution is quite logically 
a part of this pattern. Oppressors do not 
give up their privileged positions readily. 
These positions must be wrenched away. 
This is generally accompanied by violence. 
Even when regimes friendly to the op- 
pressed are voted into power through demo- 
cratic processes, as in the case of Salvador 
Allende in Chile, the privileged classes re- 
sort to all manner of intrigue and violence 
to regain their privileged status — with the 
cooperation and blessing of the CIA. 

Expressions of Liberation Theology 

The proponents of liberation theology 
deny that this is another fad or school. 
Orlando E. Costas, Latin American church- 
man and specialist in missions and evan- 
gelism, describes the nature of the move- 
ment in his book. The Church and Its 
Mission: A Shattering Critique from the 
Third World. He states that, as a school of 
thought, the theology of liberation is not 
rooted in the thinking of any one person. 
He writes, "It is a movement which has 
achieved, nevertheless, a definite theological 
structure. . . ."^ In earlier stages liberation 
theology was associated primarily with 
Catholic reflection groups; in development 
it has come to include Protestants, avant- 
garde movements, and a ''mixed multitude" 
of varied description. 

A conference of Latin American (Cath- 
olic) bishops at Medellin, Colombia, in 1968 

^Orland E. Costas, The Church and Its Mission: 
A Shattering Critique from the Third World (Whea- 
ton, 111.: Tyndale House, 1974), pp. 221-23. 

is considered the watershed for the move- 
ment. Here the spirit and power of reaction 
against theology— religious thought and 
conduct — imposed by the power structures, 
by a spiritual-institutional elite, and by 
systems from the North Atlantic, were 
articulated and realized in ways never so 
widely and explicitly expressed before. The 
flame lighted here spread widely and rapidly 
to be expressed in other conferences. More 
than this, it caught among ''the little 
people" of the church who had been so long 
neglected and overlooked. In this spirit a 
group of students in revolt against the 
religious status quo in Chile wrote: 

. . . Moved by our love for the church 
which is our home .... We want to be the 
church of the people. We want the church 
to live among the poor. Thus we say No to 
a church which is enslaved by social conces- 
sions. We say Yes to a servant church; Yes 
to a church which, by its faith in Jesus Christ 
and in man, dares to side with the poor, to 
eradicate illiteracy, penury and infant mor- 
tality. . . . Yes to priests who are born out 
of the masses and fight with them for a richer 
life. . . .4 

The concept of liberation, the freeing of 
persons from any one of a variety of 
bondages that oppress, came to be associat- 
ed with ideas of salvation. Letty Russell, 
champion of women's liberation, writes: 
". . . it is clear that salvation has to do with 
new joy and wholeness, freedom and hope 
that is experienced in the lives of individuals 
and communities as a gift of God. This 
message of liberation is good news to those 
of our age who are searching for freedom, 
for meaning, for community, for authentic 
existence as human beings. "^ 

J. Deotis Roberts, Sr., Black theologian, 
speaks to these ideas from his perspective: 

"^"Chilean Students Ignite Revolt," The Christian 
Century, LXXXV, No. 42 (Oct. 16, 1968), p. 1318. 

^Letty M. Russell, Human Liberation in a Fem- 
inist Perspective — a Theology (Philadelphia: West- 
minster Press, 1974), p. 106. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

**The God who wills and acts for the libera- 
tion of the oppressed does so as we encoun- 
ter him through the words and deeds of 
Jesus as the Christ. . . . Salvation is the 
result of participation in the liberation 
struggle. Christ frees us that we may free 
others. ... It is our task to observe where 
God is at work and to join in the liberation 
of the oppressed."^ Clearly, there is here 
motivation for evangelism and mission, 
sharing the good news of God's liberation 
actively operating in the human sphere. 

Impact and evaluation 

Clearly, liberation theology has come on 
with great appeal during the past decade. 
Many who were about to drop out of the 
church and the faith see here a new hope, 
a way to become actively involved in alle- 
viating human woes brought on by a variety 
of oppressions. As noted at the beginning 
of this article, current theological leaders 
see this as the wave of the future. Herein 
the church can play an active role in freeing 
the individual and redeeming society. So 
significant is the movement that Pope John 
Paul II found it necessary to address him- 
self to it in his visit last year to Latin 
America. In a 5,000 word speech in Puebla, 
Mexico, he spoke to issues he regarded as 
crucial for the gospel and the church rela- 
tive to liberation theology. 

Can there be any question about the 
effectiveness and rightness of a movement 
that seeks to set free the captives, liberate 
the oppressed, and give the gospel to the 
poor? Yes, there can be. For as necessary 
and good as these emphases are in Chris- 
tianity, there are some concerns which 
raise questions in the minds of some 
Christians as they study the movement. 
The following must be noted: 

First, liberation theology starts with the 
human situation at the expense of Scripture. 
It focuses on the human situation at the 
expense of theological principles. True, 
biblical themes are present in liberation 
theology — concern for justice, deliverance 
of the oppressed, and the gospel for the 
poor. But current social-economic situa- 
tions, rather than Scripture, determine the 
agenda. Scripture is used to provide illus- 
trations and themes which affirm the pre- 
determined ideas and directions of the 

On the other hand, some aspects of bib- 
lical truth are sorely neglected. Justifica- 

6J. Deotis Roberts, Sr., "Contextual Theology: 
Liberation and Indigenization," The Christian Cen- 
tury, XCIII, No. 3 (Jan. 28, 1976), pp. 64-68. 

tion and personal sin are generally over- 
looked. The lostness of people — even the 
poor — without Christ is omitted or rein- 
terpreted. Theology, rather than being 
rooted in the Scriptures, comes out of 
human activity in the historical situation. 
Theology as universal principles from which 
our doctrine, ethics, and lifestyles are 
formed is rejected. 

Second, the nature of man is not dealt 
with responsibly. Liberation theology tends 
to idealize man — particularly the poor and 
oppressed — in a way that leans toward or 
arrives at universalism. The whole human 
race is the people of God. Sanctification is 
realized in the process of human history. 
The church is those people who willingly 
involve themselves in the struggle for lib- 
eration, not just those reconciled to God 
in Jesus Christ. 

Third, the commitment to the Marxist 
analysis of economics and society opens the 
door to strange relationships and commit- 
ments. True, at this point in history Chris- 
tians need to be involved in dialogue with 
persons of Marxist commitment. There is 
serious question, however, whether Chris- 
tians committed to a personal, living God 
and non-Christians committed to atheistic 
positions can walk together. In its relation- 
ships with Marxism, liberation theology 
tends to condone violent revolution, the 
accomplishment of the will of God by very 
questionable means. Some of these points 
were concsrns addressed by the Pope in his 
visit to Latin America last year. 

Fourth, while the church must ever be 
concerned with the whole person, the need 
for redemption must ever be lifted up. In 
liberation theology the mission of the 
church is seen almost totally in terms of 
political liberation. Evangelism, then, be- 
comes a matter of leading people to recog- 
nize and espouse their need for deliverance 
from political oppression as expressed in 
material privation. 

Christ the true Liberator 

Liberation theology is another occasion 
in which the church's debts are coming 
home for payment. We need to know what 
the representatives of this movement are 
thinking and what they are doing. This may 
help us toward accountability in our dealing 
with the whole gospel. Still, we cannot over- 
look the weaknesses and errors of this 
powerful movement associated with Chris- 
tian faith. Our call is to represent faithfully 
liberation theology in the terms, manner, 
and spirit of Christ, the Liberator. □ 

June 1980 

Focusing on the Word 


God's Secret Declared 

In this exposition of Ephesians 3:1-13, Kent Bennett exann- 
ines Paul's revelation of the nnystery of Christ. 

MAN is fascinated by the mysterious, by 
secrets. We rejoice in what we know, 
but delight even more in guessing at the 

Ephesians chapter three pulls back the 
curtain on one of the most significant 
secrets of all time. This chapter allows us 
to peer at God's secret redemptive plan for 
the human race. What we are taught in this 
chapter was unknown by pre-Christian 
ages. The God who reveals this mystery did 
communicate many things concerning Him- 
self and His purposes to the people of one 
nation during Old Testament times. And 
He did give them some clues to what was 
to come. But they did not see and compre- 
hend this secret or mystery. 

What is this mystery? What did God 
keep from His Old Testament people and 
from the nations of the world until His 
Son came to disclose it? Our curiosity 
heightens, our spiritual appetites are 
whetted to know! 

Ephesians 3:1-6 introduces us to Paul's 
imprisonment, which had been caused by 
his faithful proclamation of this secret. 
Verses seven through thirteen reveal to us 
that Paul had a special assignment to be 
the major apostle commissioned to relate 
this secret to the Gentile nations. 

God the Father had kept this secret well- 
hidden for centuries, as He concentrated on 
the Messianic people and their mission of 
producing the Messiah. But the arrival of 
Jesus — who was the Messiah — introduced 
a period of transition that prepared for the 
new era of God's expanded activity. Paul 
was a most unlikely candidate for this 

Rev. Bennett is pastor of the Maurertown 
Brethren Church, Maurertown, Virginia. 

special assignment of revealing God's secret. 
He was, in fact, the fiercest enemy the 
gospel had at the time of Christianity's 
infancy. This makes Paul's special mission 
all the more impressive. 

The story of Paul's conversion to Jesus 
Christ is familiar to most Christians. What 
is not so well-known is the fact that prior 
to Paul's encounter with Christ on the 
Damascus Road, the only people to have 
seen the One who escaped bodily from the 
clutches of death were friends or relatives 
of our Lord. This was not the case with 
Paul (Saul). He was an enemy of Jesus 
Christ and of the church when the resur- 
rected Lord appeared to him. But that 
appearance, coupled with the memory of 
Stephen's Christ-like act of forgiveness at 
the time of his martyrdom, melted Saul's 
heart and paved the way for his most un- 
likely conversion. Now, in this chapter of 
Ephesians, we can only be amazed as we 
realize that Christ's enemy willingly, gladly 
suffers imprisonment rather than be un- 
faithful to his special assignment for Jesus 

Just what is this special assignment that 
our Lord entrusted to Paul? What is this 
mystery? Paul explains God's secret in 
Ephesians 3:2-6. It includes the fact that 
God is — always has been — interested in the 
salvation of all nations, not just one nation. 
But it is larger than that. It means more 
than simply that the Gentiles, too, can be 
saved. The secret is this — that the Gentiles 
are fellow heirs, fellow members of the 
body of Christ, and fellow partakers of the 
promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel. 

We Gentiles are not saved by a salvation 
of our own which is good but somewhat 
inferior to that of God's Old Covenant 
people. No, we have equal part in the salva- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''It is soul-enlarging, mind-expanding, and heart- 
inspiring to contemplate God's secret purpose for the 

tion which God provided for His first people. 
We Gentiles can no longer be despised and 
regarded as useless and worthless to God — 
an attitude the Jews once had toward us. 
We must now be recognized as equal with 
them in all that their Messiah, our Messiah, 
has done for the human race. 

It is undoubtedly with a deep sense of 
amazement and perhaps a touch of disbelief 
that Paul explains to us his special assign- 
ment from Christ to be the apostle to the 
Gentiles. How could it be? How could God 
take a fierce enemy of the gospel, a vicious 
opponent of Gentile inclusion in God's re- 
demptive plans, and make him the premier 
evangelist to effect that very plan. Paul 
tells us that this did happen and how he 
himself felt about it in verses 7-13. 

Paul attributes his own conversion and 
call to this same event and to the same 
amazing grace (vv. 7-8). He knows that 
he has been given a double privilege. At the 
same time, he knows that he is most un- 
worthy to declare this mystery to others 
because he himself formerly hated Christ 
and killed Christians. The memory of this 
brings pangs of guilt to his heart and causes 
him to regard himself as the lowest Chris- 
tian of all. Nevertheless, his grasp of the 
grace and forgiveness of God in Jesus 
Christ is firm and reassuring. He knows 
that he has been dealt with graciously and 
that forgiveness is a present reality. He 
knows that he can pass on this same mes- 
sage of hope to others who are keenly 
aware of their own unworthiness. 

This passage gives us insight into the 
inner motives of this rugged Christian, as 
he explains his mission to us. We can feel 
his intensity, we can sense his unbending 
determination, we can see the magnitude of 
his vision as we ponder verses 8-10. He wills 
to preach the endless treasures in Christ 
to the Gentiles. He wants to make all men 
see the implications of this mystery, which 
God had kept hidden from the beginning of 
the world until now. And further, he would 
challenge the highest rulers and authorities 
in the universe with the revelation of the 
all-embracing wisdom of God at work in 
the church — at work in Jew and Gentile, 
reuniting all humanity in Jesus Christ! 

We see this magnificent challenge to 
principalities and powers in heavenly places 

in verse 10. God wants His purposes to 
become visible on earth and in heaven. And 

He intends to visibly display this new unity 
and oneness of formerly hostile elements 
in the church. No wonder our Lord spoke 
so often about His people being one. No 
wonder he calls His people to live constantly 
in His kind of love and to extend to one 
another His never-ceasing forgiveness. No 
wonder the last living apostle continually 
admonished the ''little children" to love one 
another. This visible vision is at stake! 

The church as a whole and the individual 
disciple need not fear that we lack the re- 
sources to do our part in fulfilling God's 
eternal purpose in Christ Jesus our Lord 
(v. 11). Through Jesus Christ we have 
boldness to come before the Father con- 
stantly to seek His help in bringing this to 
pass. As we come to Him through Christ 
we unfailingly gain access with confidence 
caused by our faith. We gain access to the 
very throne of Him whose will we set our 
wills to accomplish! 

The Father will grant us a hearing. He 
will supply us with adequate resources of 
love, faith, and forgiveness to go on as a 
body in Jesus Christ, demonstrating this 
new oneness to all men and to the angels 
in heaven! It cannot fail to happen for it 
is God's will. 

Paul ends this section by encouraging us 
not to faint, not to quit, not to be discour- 
aged because other Christians suffer in 
order to bring to pass the will of God. He 
does not want pity or sympathy as he suf- 
fers in prison. He is Christ's willing prison- 
er, not a prisoner of Rome. He will not let 
any circumstance blind him to the over- 
ruling, ever-present hand of the Father. His 
sufferings in prison in Rome will bring 
glory to God and good to His people! So 
will ours. Don't quit. Don't faint. Don't be 
discouraged ! 

It is soul-enlarging, mind-expanding, and 
heart-inspiring to contemplate God's secret 
purpose for the Gentiles. Just think. For 
ages and ages no one knew what God was 
going to do. Not Moses, not David, not 
Isaiah. But at the right time God made it 
known and through the right man! What 
other secrets might our redeeming God yet 
have in His heart that you and I know noth- 
ing about? □ 

June 1980 


Minisferial Sfudenf Aid 

Looking Back, the Future Is Now! 


THE concern that we address in this 
issue of The Brethren Evangelist is 

an annual concern for those of us who are 
keenly aware of the need for trained leaders 
for ministry within the Brethren Church. 
Since the early sixties we have tried to 
think of many different ways to "sell" the 
Brethren on the Ministerial Aid Fund and 
to gain your support for this important 
ministry to ministerial students. 

For example, back in 1959, before there 
was a Ministerial Student Aid Fund, Dr. 
J. Ray Klingensmith wrote an article en- 
titled, "What Will The Brethren Church 
Be Without Ministers and Workers?" 
Whom shall we send? Who will go for us? 
Brethren, this is not a future problem only. 
It is a very present problem right now. Our 
college and seminary stand waiting. Our 
churches stand waiting. Perhaps it was your 
son, just as many other sons have been so 
directed, who should have been long ago 
turned to the Eternal work. God was in Christ 
reconciling the world unto Himself and has 
committed unto us this Word of reconciliation. 
Was it committed to your family? to your son? 
By whom? How? When? Your prayers for 
your child were for what? Now that he has 
not so much as considered a life given to God 
in service as millions of sons have given theirs 
raises the question about what his father and 
mother, his own pastor, his Sunday School 
teacher and all those supposedly spiritual 
teachers have taught him. 

To think of carrying on a Brethren Denom- 
ination without Brethren trained ministers is 
just folly. God needs men. And God needs 
women. The old call of the Spirit of God 
burns deeply into us to follow HIM and not 

Dr. Rinehart is associate professor of religion at 
Ashland College and chairman of the Ministerial 
Student Aid Committee. 

by Donald R. Rinehart 

the world. Do not merely pray for God to 
send other workers. Pray for Him to use you 
to produce a son for Him and for His great 
work. Train up the child in the way he should 
go — and he will. 

Then in 1968, Rev. Virgil Meyer raised 
the question, "Is Ministerial Student Aid 
Really Necessary?" He wrote: 

What is the dimension of our challenge? If 
we as a church are to meet even in a small 
way the redemption of the nation and the 
bringing of men to Christ, it is going to take 
vigorous leadership. More than this, it is going 
to take highly skilled leadership. These skills 
come through training and experience. Our 
college and seminary offer this kind of pro- 
fessional training. 

Eight years later, Rev. Alvin Shifflett 
wrote about "Hamburgers and Semi- 
narians." He is a pastor who remembers a 
250 hamburger and the time when a college 
education didn't cost an arm and a leg. He 
even remembers when seminary tuition 
was so low that "they almost paid us to 
enroll!" At that time, his checkbook bal- 
ance, even though he worked 40 hours per 
week while carrying 12 credit hours of 
study, "was so low that I had to call a 
plumber to find it." Because Pastor Shifflett 
could remember, as many of us still do, he 
challenged Brethren to invest their resourc- 
es in something of far greater value than 
an inflated 250 hamburger. 

Then in 1978 Dr. Joseph Shultz asked, 
"Ministerial Student Aid: A Good Invest- 
ment?" Dr. Shultz pointed out that it costs 
$26,000 a year to keep a social criminal 
imprisoned. That is the cost to remove that 
individual from society, and that is all neg- 
ative. It does nothing to bring love, recon- 
ciliation, help, hope, productive living, or 
peace. By way of contrast Dr. Shultz noted 
that for $6,000 we can underwrite the edu- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Pictured are most of the Brethren students at Ashland Theological Seminary. Students in the front row 
are (left to right) Steve Barber, Mark Baker, Tim Garner, Cathy Lybarger, Elaine Hensley, Kerry Scott, 
Ochika Gabriel Oyibo, and Jim Black. Standing behind them are (left to right) Lynn Mercer, Jim Koontz, 
Ken Hunn, Jim Miller, Jim Vandermark, Archie Nevins, and Dan DeVeny. Many of these students 
received Ministerial Student Aid during the 1979-80 school year. 

cation of a pre-seminary student. For $1500 
the education of a seminary student can be 

The point is this: If we are to stay in 
step with the needs of our day, we need 
our very best young men and women com- 

mitted to ministry. We also need to en- 
courage them with our prayers and our 
financial resources. Will you make it an 
item of prayer for yourself and your 
church? This is an item for the future, for 
the future is NOW! Q 

Practical Help: Paying the Way 

nnHE need has not changed since the 
1 beginning of the institution. The 
Brethren Church needs full-time workers. 
For almost one hundred years we have 
expected our pastors and Christian workers 
to serve on a full-time basis and to be paid 
for their work by their churches or church 
agencies. We have also asked these laborers 
to acquire adequate training so that they 
could perform their service effectively. 

Our need for church leaders has remained 
constant. Our expectations of these leaders 
demand that their training be as up-to-date 
and extensive as is necessary in order for 
them to minister to our congregations. 

As you well know, it costs money to 
obtain training in today's world. Our young 
people are continually coming forward to 
answer God's call to full-time ministry. 

Rev. Weidenhamer is Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary librarian and treasurer of the Ministerial 
Student Aid Committee. 

by Bradley E. Weidenhamer 

These young people need our financial aid to 
help them obtain the training they will need 
in order to minister. 

In the school year 1978-79 we granted a 
total of $15,760.00 to pre-seminary and 
seminary students. So far in the 1979-80 
school year we have made grants totaling 
$13,535.00. We expect that this figure will 
rise to about $16,800.00 by the end of May. 
Last year (1979) we received $11,935.57 
from congregations and $640.00 in personal 
gifts from the Brethren for our Ministerial 
Student Aid Fund. These offerings are not 
enabling us to keep up with the rising costs 
of education in our world. 

Our typical grant to an Ashland College 
student equals only twelve percent of his 
total bill for the year. We appreciate the 
gifts which our congregations have given 
for the support of those who have answered 
the call to full-time ministry. We hope that 
your congregation will be able to increase 
its giving to this worthwhile project in the 
coming year. □ 

June 198^ 


Ministerial Student 

Four Brethren Students tell what Ministerial Student Aid 
has meant to them. 

Gaining a Good Foundation 

OUR seminary experience is almost over. 
We've already begun packing, and our 
excitement mounts as we look forward to 
what the Lord has for us at the Washing- 
ton Brethren Church — where I will become 
pastor following graduation. Yes, it's an 
exciting time for my wife Jan, my son 
Adam, and me. But it's also a time for a 
lot of other emotions. 

After working for five years with Youth 
for Christ in Indiana, I wasn't sure what 
the Lord had in mind when he led me to 
Ashland Theological Seminary. But the 
Spirit put a desire within me to go back to 
school for more preparation. Then He used 
our pastor and his wife, Spencer and 
Eleanor Gentle, to bring my wife and me 
to Ashland one ugly, rainy day. But the 
light broke through when we met Dr. 
Charles Munson, Rev. Virgil Meyer, Dr. 
Jerry Flora, and Dr. Joseph Shultz. A seed 
was planted that took root, and the Lord 
brought us back to Ashland several months 

Our time at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary has been a period of repose and 
preparation, during which our understand- 
ing of and love for the Brethren Church, 
the total church, and Jesus Christ has 
grown. Our experience here has helped us 
specifically in four major areas. 

The first of these is in our understanding 
of koinonia — fellowship of the brethren. 
A.T.S. breaks down the barriers between 
faculty and students, between administra- 
tion and students, and among the students 
themselves. The seminary is a place for 
spiritual unity and fellowship, which allows 
freedom for growth. It's been an exciting 
experience to be able to go into Dr. Mun- 
son's office, or to sit in the lounge with Dr. 
Flora, or to drop in on Dr. Allison or Dr. 

by Archie Nevlns 

Aifc *^ JL' 

Alderfer and to share 
problems, frustrations, \ 

or difficulties with them. ^' 

Sometimes the situation was reversed, 
and faculty members shared with us as 
they went through times of difficulty and 
frustration. Then we were able to assist and 
pray with them, just as they had done with 
us. The A.T.S. community is a functioning 
group of Christians who encourage and 
build up one another. 

Secondly, our time at A.T.S. has pro- 
vided a balance between ideals and reality. 
We have been taught by men who them- 
selves served as pastors. Thus they were 
able to open the door for us to study real 
situations that they had encountered. Our 
years at A.T.S. were also a time of looking 
at reality in the past, present, and future 
of the church. 

Third, A.T.S. has provided me an oppor- 
tunity to concentrate on studying. This was 
an encouragement in itself. I sat in the 
classrooms of scholars who loved the Lord. 
Under their direction in the Word of God, 
I had the freedom to seek out and establish 
my own base in theology. I was not only 
able to say, 'What do the faculty have to 
give?" I could also say, ''What does the 
Lord want to give me?" 

Finally, A.T.S. has given me an apprecia- 
tion for the history and stands of the 
Brethren Church. The seminary's emphasis 
on fellowship, study, and growth, and its 
encouragement of individual families and 
of families together has strengthened my 
foundation in the church. It's exciting to be 
a part of the Brethren Church, to see the 
constant, steady growth that occurs. 

A.T.S. has given us a good foundation 
in the Word of God and has taught us how 
to allow it to work. □ 


The Brethren Evangelist 


stepping Out in Faith 

/^NE of the many 

important things we 
Christians must learn is 
to step out in our Chris- 
tian faith. I can remember when I decided 
to accept the call to full-time Christian 
service. I didn't know what would come 
next, but I knew God had called me for a 
special purpose — to serve Him in full-time 

As I made that initial step in 1973, I had 
ideas of how God would use me and how He 
would prepare me. A lot of patterns in my 
life would change; I would change. But I 
didn't know all of the areas into which God 
would lead me. Had I known some of the 
consequences of my decision, perhaps I 
would have held back in that first step of 
commitment. Preparing for ministry is a 
constant learning process of growth and 
daily living with our Lord. Steps in faith 
take us closer to His will for our lives. 

So often we are willing to go where we 
tell the Lord to lead us, but we lack the 
vision to go where He tells us. We search 
and seek His will through prayer and the 
Word. But we follow His will by taking 
steps of faith into a world unknown by us, 
but known by God. 

Preparing for full-time ministry is an 
ongoing process which involves many 
people. As a student, I must realize that I 
have not reached graduation alone. Of 
course, I have been called and led by God. 
But I also have received much support from 

by Mark E. Baker 

His people. Having grown up in a Christian 
home and in a Brethren church, I have had 
many people who have prayed for God's 
will in my life. The willingness of people to 
share themselves and to encourage me has 
helped me make those steps of faith. After 
making my decision to accept and answer 
God's call, I continued to receive encourage- 
ment from many people. The reaffirmation 
of God's call by professors, teachers, min- 
isters, and friends was important to my 
growth in maturity and knowledge. 

The opportunities I have had for service 
while receiving my education have also 
contributed to my growth. Crusader service, 
missionary internships, national Brethren 
Youth work, music ministry, and a student 
pastorate have all been used by God to re- 
fine and develop the gifts He has given me. 
It has only been possible for me to do these 
things because of the support of the Breth- 
ren through aid for my pre-seminary and 
seminary training. 

Preparing young men and women for 
full-time ministry is important to the life 
of the church. Praying for laborers for the 
harvest and nurturing those whom God has 
raised up is essential to developing leaders 
for our church. I am thankful that Brethren 
people care about their laborers in ministry 
and that they support them faithfully. I 
share along with others the vision and hope 
of moving together in the Brethren Church 
to an even greater service to our Lord and 
Savior. Q 

Knowing that Brethren Care 

T WANT to tell you what it means to me 
to be receiving Ministerial Student Aid. 
But first, let me tell you a little about 

My name is Mark Britton and I am a 
member of the First Brethren Church of 
Derby, Kansas. I am a sophomore at 
Ashland College majoring in business 
administration (in the area of manage- 
ment) and with a minor in religion. I plan 

by Mark Britton 

to enter Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary after I 
receive my B.A. degree 
from the college. For ^ ^ 

some time now I have felt the Lord 
calling me into the ministry. But it was not 
until I was involved with the Summer Cru- 
sader program sponsored by the Board of 
Christian Education that I started to plan 
my life according to the Lord's call. 

June 1980 


I cannot tell you what a good feeling I 
get when I receive Ministerial Student Aid. 
Just knowing that fellow Brethren care 
enough to let me use their money to pay 
for the education that is preparing me for 
my particular Christian service is very 
meaningful to me. The fact that people I 
probably do not know have confidence that 
I will someday be worth the investment that 
they are making is a real challenge to me. 
This is a rare feeling in this day and should 
be treasured when found. This support also 
gives me the added responsibility of making 

sure that I am worth their investment. 

In this day of high prices it costs a lot 
of money to get an education. In my own 
case I do not have large financial resources, 
so I greatly appreciate every financial aid 
that I receive. So, from the bottom of my 
heart, I want to thank all of my fellow 
Brethren who have contributed to the Min- 
isterial Student Aid program. I hope and 
pray that the Lord will give each one of 
you a very special blessing. 

Thank you very much for the financial 
help. It means very much to me. □ 

Seeking God's Will First 

by Scot Milhouse 

Not everyone who says to 
i Me, "Lord, Lord," will enter 
the kingdom of heaven; but 
he who does the will of My Father who is in 
heaven. Matthew 7:21 — NASB 

HI! My name is Scot Millhouse. I am a 
senior religion major at Ashland 
College. The above verse has been for me 
a source of inspiration and motivation as 
I have lived my Christian life. It has im- 
pressed upon me the importance of seeking 
God's will for my life — a task which is often 
difficult. This is so because by nature we 
prefer complacency. For example, it is often 
easier for a student to find a job and worry 
about his own self-preservation than it is 
for him to evaluate his Christian life to see 
if he is doing the will of God. Added to this 
is the fear that the Lord will ''make" him 
do something he doesn't want or won't like 
to do. 

While I was still in high school, the Lord 
showed me that life is more than getting 

a job, making money, and settling down. 
Seeking God's will and then living by His 
will is what is most important in life. With 
this in mind, and wanting to further my 
education, I enrolled as a pre-seminary stu- 
dent at Ashland College. This move brought 
a financial concern. The Lord, however, 
provided by means of a Ministerial Student 
Aid grant. Thanks to those who generously 
donate to this fund, I have been able to con- 
tinue my education, and have in essence 
been given the opportunity, through a 
college education, to further seek God's will 
for my life. 

Although I originally enrolled at AC 
with plans for a pastoral ministry, God has 
directed me toward lay work, and I am now 
considering tentmaking. I thank the Lord 
that He has revealed and continues to re- 
veal His will for my life. 

Thank you for your support of the 
Ministerial Student Aid Fund and the future 
ministry of the Brethren Church. □ 

Seven Ashland College stu- 
dents received Ministerial 
Student Aid during the 1979- 
80 school year. They are 
(left to right) Chuck Bowers, 
Mark Britton, Scot Mill- 
house, Dave Kerner, Dan 
Lawson, Doug Heestand, and 
Dave Stone. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Frozen for Life 

THERE is a new science called Cryonics. 
The term cryonic comes from the 
Greek word kryos, meaning ''icy cold." In 
Cryonics, people are frozen immediately 
after death and stored in super-cold cap- 
sules. They will be thawed out when science 
has discovered cures for whatever killed 

So far about 25 people have been frozen. 
They range from 73 to 8 years in age. All 
have been "buried" in a cryonic capsule. 

As I understand this process, first the 
blood is flushed out of the dead body. Then 
a salty antifreeze solution is shot into the 
arteries and veins. This keeps these blood 
vessels from freezing and exploding. (It's 
like preparing a car for winter.) The body 
is then lowered into a stainless steel cap- 
sule that resembles a large thermos bottle. 
This capsule is filled with boiling cold liquid 
nitrogen at 320 degrees below zero. The 
capsule is then sealed to prevent the nitro- 
gen from evaporating. 

What does it cost? In case you're inter- 
ested, $30 to start. But that's just the be- 
ginning — sort of an initiation fee into the 
nonprofit Cryonics Society. But don't expect 
the society to be warm to you. I understand 
they're rather cold. 

After you're dead, the Cryonics Society 
signs a contract with a company such as 
TransTime, Inc., in Berkeley, Calif. This 
company provides the cold storage facilities. 
The freezing process and capsule (capsule 
is manufactured by a company in Phoenix) 
cost between $10,000 and $50,000. Did I 
say nonprofit? 

The high cost of freezing is presumably 
due to those who care to freeze material 
possessions along with them, such as money. 
I'm sure you've heard of cold cash! 

Also, there's another expensive problem 
which I forgot to mention. Liquid nitrogen 

evaporates and must be replaced yearly — 
for $900. 

How can anyone pay for all this? Insur- 
ance, of course. Cryonic Societies recom- 
mend that you take out a fat insurance 
policy making them the beneficiary. That 
way, they can care for your cold bones. 

How do they know the process works? 
Well, one scientist froze some rats. When 
the rats were thawed, most of them could 
still run. Some couldn't do anything. 
Other scientists have frozen mice, dogs, 
hamsters, and even a cat's brain. The ani- 
mals generally showed no ill effects from 
the freezing, and the cat gave off some 
brain waves. 

But why would people do such a thing? 
A junior high school girl gave the best 
answer: she wants to live again after death. 
Cremation or the grave doesn't offer this 
chance, according to her. The deep freeze 
does. Freezing is temporary until medical 
science can guarantee youth and health. 
Everyone will be young and beautiful in 
the future. For example, physical changes 
that take one second at normal tempera- 
tures take 30 trillion years in the deep 

Actually, what we're dealing with is the 
old 'Tharaoh Complex" — a desire for im- 
mortality. Certainly the church has a better 
answer than the deep freeze. Jesus Christ 
experienced the coldness of the tomb that 
we might have eternal life. 

I'd rather put my trust in Jesus any day 
than in a Cryonic Insurance Policy. D 

Jesus said. . . , "I am +he resurrec- 
tion, and the life: he that believeth 
in me, though he were dead, yet 
shall he live." 

June 1980 



news from the Brethren Church 

Penna, mission church breaks ground 
for first church building 

Sarver, Pa. — The Brethren 
Church of Sarver, Pennsylvania, 
broke ground for its first church 
building on April 17. The Sarver 
congregation, a mission church 
of the Pennsylvania Disitrict, has 
been meeting in homes (five dif- 
ferent ones to date!) since its 
beginning three years ago. 

Joining the congregation for 
the ground-breaking ceremony 
were several members of the 
Pennsylvania Distriet Mission 
Board, which supports this new 
mission church. The ground- 
breaking was followed by a 
meeting at the Derwood Mc- 
Afoose home, at which Rev. 
Virgil Ingraham, General Secre- 
tary of the national Missionary 
Board, was also present. 

The new church building, 
now under construction, will 
measure 40 by 60 feet and ac- 
commodate 150 people. Esti- 
mated cost is $70,000. Much of 
the labor will be provided by 
'members of the congregation. 
People of the Pennsylvania Dis- 

'■*|||t*f V 

The Sarver 


at the 


Pastor Ed 

Wingard is at 

the extreme left. 

trict are also helping out on 
Saturday work days. 

The congregation continues 
to meet in the home of Bob 
Riggatire while construction is 
underway. Recent Sunday morn- 
ing worship services have been 
averaging in the 30's, with 42 
present on Easter Sunday and 
40 two weeks later. 

The Sarver congregation and 
its pastor. Rev. Ed Wingard, 
wish to thank all the Brethren 
at the district and national level 
who have provided encourage- 
ment to the Sarver congrega- 
tion through prayer, financial 

support (including district gifts, 
project offering, and Growth 
Partners contributions), and 
wise counsel. They also request 
continued prayer on their behalf. 
Pastor Wingard writes, "Your 
continued prayers will be great- 
ly appreciated. The financial 
challenge of the building pro- 
gram is significant. But much 
more significant is the need to 
reach a community and an area 
for Jesus Christ. With God's 
help, we have every reason to 
anticipate victories above and 
beyond that which we ask or 

Raymond AspJnall /o offend 
Congress on World Evangelism 

Moderator Chester McAfoose 
turns over first shovel of dirt. 

Rosario, Argentima — Raymond 
Aspinall, Brethren missionary to 
Argentina, is one of 650 Chris- 
tian leaders from around the 
world chosen to attend the Con- 
sultation on World Evangelism 
in Thailand, which begins June 
16. Aspinall was selected as a 
Latin American representative 
from Argentina. 

The conference is being con- 
vened by the Lausanne Com- 
mittee for World Evangelization. 
It will seek to develop specific 
evangelistic strategies to get the 

gospel to unreached peoples of 
the world. 

Following the consultation, 
Aspinall will travel to Penang, 
Malaysia, before returning to 
Argentina. In Penang he will 
visit with Brethren missionaries 
David and Jenny Loi and view 
their mission work among the 
Chinese people of Malaysia. 

(For more information about 
the Consultation on World Evan- 
gelization, see the May Evangelist, 
page 22.) 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Dr. Joseph /?. Shulfz accepts 
Ashland College presidency 

Ashland, Ohio — ^Dr. Joseph R. 
Shultz has announced his ac- 
ceptance of the presidency of 
Ashland College. Dr. Shultz, who 
has served as interim president 
since August 1979, made this 
announcement at the conclusion 
of the AC Board of Trustees 
meeting on April 25. The 
trustees requested Shultz to ac- 
cept the presidency after learn- 
ing that the presidential search 
committee had made a unani- 
mous decision to recommend 
that he retain the office. 

Shultz, who has been Ashland 
College Vice President for the 
Seminary since 1963, plans to 
maintain an active office at the 
seminary. Because of the new 
president's increased responsi- 
toilities at the college, however, 
several professors at the sem- 
inary have been asked to as- 
sume various administrative re- 

Dr. Charles Munson has been 
appointed acting dean of the 
seminary. Dr. Arthur Climen- 
haga has been appointed Direc- 
tor of Academic Affairs. Rev. 
Virgil Meyer has been made 
Director of Student Life and 
Ministry. And Rev. Ted Smith 


Dr. Shultz 

(right) is 


by Dr. Glenn 

L. Clayton, 


president of 



will serve as Director of Exten- 
sion Programs. The acting dean 
and the three directors wiU form 
a cabinet to deal with policy 
matters at the seminary. 

Shultz's acceptance of the 
presidency was accompanied by 
the presentation of the strate- 
gies necessary for the success of 
Ashland College through the 
eighties. This includes the goal 
of a new program each year, 
e.g., a Bachelor of Nursing pro- 
gram, Ashland Academy, and a 



photo by Grain Smith 

capital campaign program of 
approximately $5 million to 
retire old debts and undergird 
existing programs through en- 
dowed chairs and scholarships. 

The new president also an- 
nounced that gifts to the col- 
lege exceeded $1 million this 
year for the first time in its 
history. Board chairman Elton 
E. Whitted pointed to this year's 
success record as a good omen 
for the capital funds campaign 
in 1981. 

Roof begins fo fall of Flora Church; 
new roof being constructed 

Flora, Ind. — When a trustee 
entered the Flora First Brethren 
Church building on Thursday, 
May 8, he noticed plaster on the 
floor and pews. Looking up, he 
discovered that the sanctuary 
ceiling was cracked and sagging 
and in danger of falling. He 
quickly contacted other trustees, 
and by that afternoon a con- 
struction company was at work 
in the building. The crew worked 
until 8:00 p.m. that evening 
building scaffolding and bracing 
the ceiling. 

An assessment of the damage 
revealed that not only had parts 
of the ceiling dropped 7^/^ inches 

or more, but the roof had also 
dropped 6 to 10 inches. An 
engineer studied the building 
and recommended that the roof 
and ceiling be replaced. 

In a meeting on May 13, the 
Flora congregation voted unani- 
mously to construct a gable roof 
over the present flat roof of the 
building. Then the old roof and 
ceiling will be torn out and a 
suspended ceihng installed. 
Estimated cost of the project 
is $40,000, and it will require 
approximately six weeks to 
complete. During this time 
Sunday school and worship ser- 

vices will be held in the Flora 
community building. 

In the midst of a bad situa- 
tion, Rev. Alvin Grumbling, 
pastor of the Flora Church, 
found the following reasons to 
be thankful: No one was in the 
church when the plaster began 
to fall (it could have happened 
during a worship service). The 
ceiling and roof did not collapse 
causing much more damage and 
possibly destroying the building. 
The trustees responded at once 
and were led to a contractor who 
came immediately. And the 
damage can be repaired. 

June 1980 



Dorothy Carpenter retires as 
AC mathematics professor 

Ashland, Ohio — Dorothy Carpen- 
ter, associate professor of math- 
ematics and chairman of the 
mathematics department at 
Ashland College has announced 
her retirement. She has taught 
at AC for 27 years. 

Miss Carpenter is known to 
many Brethren people, no^t only 
because of her position at Ash- 
land College, but also by 
reason of her involvement in 
the church at the local and na- 
tional level. 

She is a member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, which she serves as 
financial secretary. She is also 
treasurer for the national 
Woman's Missionary Society, a 
position she has held for many 
years, and a trustee of Brethren 
Care, Inc., of Ashland. She has 
also served as financial secre- 
tary for the national Sisterhood 
of Mary and Martha, and was 
on the Board of Brethren 
Church Properties throughout 
its existence as a board. 

Originally from South Bend, 
Ind., Miss Carpenter attended 
Ashland College, receiving her 
bachelor of arts degree in math 
and English in 1937. While 
teaching junior and senior high 
school students in Indiana and 
Illinois, she spent her summers 
studying math at the University 
of Wisconsin and the University 
of Michigan. She received her 
master of arts degree from the 
latter university in 1944. After 
serving as a math instructor 
for several years at Denison 
University, she returned to her 
alma mater as an associate 
professor of mathematics in 

"When I first came to AC, 
it was a one-person depart- 
ment," Miss Carpenter recalls. 
"It was not until two years later 
that a second person, Alan 
Poorman, joined me to teach 
math." Four professors now 
make up the department, includ- 
ing William Brelsford (also a 
member of Park Street Brethren 
Church) and Robert Wendling — 
in addition to Miss Carpenter 
and Mr. Poorman. 


Carpenter is 


by John and 

Ruth Crumrine 

of Ashland, 


". class-mates 

of Miss 

Carpenter in 

an AC calculus 


photo by David White 

During her career at Ashland, 
Miss Carpenter taught a variety 
of math courses. But she says, 
"Teaching the history of math 
is my real love." This enthusias- 
tic teacher has presented several 
papers at professional meetings 
on the history of mathematics 
in the American colonies. She 
also led a tour through Europe 
in 1977 which focused on math 

While teaching at AC, Miss 
Carpenter always took a per- 
sonal interest in her students. 
This interest did not stop with 
the classroom. Over the years 
she established a tradition of 
having some of her students in 
her home for dinner. "I started 
doing it with my calculus class- 
es. When they got too large, 
I would limit it to the gradu- 
ating math majors," she noted. 
During her 27 years at the col- 
lege, more than 170 students 
have graduated with majors in 

Miss Carpenter was the guest 
of honor at a surprise retire- 
ment dinner held in April. 
Forty persons were present for 
the dinner, planned by her 
fellow department members. 
Included in this number were 
19 of Miss Carpenter's former 
math majors. She also received 
numerous cards from former 
students who were unable to 
attend. Several gifts were pre- 
sented to her at the dinner. 

Miss Carpenter was also hon- 
ored at the annual Ashland 

College faculty dinner held on 
May 9th. 

Although her plans for the 
immediate future are indefinite, 
Miss Carpenter looks forward 
to an active and interesting 
retirement. "I love to travel and 
have friends all over Europe. 
It's been three years now since 
I last visited there and I can 
hardly wait to get back," she 

Presently Miss Carpenter 
lives in Ashland, where she 
cares for her parents, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. G. Carpenter. 

Sorasofa Church to be 
included in NAE 
enlistment brochure. 

Sarasota, Fla. — The First Breth- 
ren Church of Sarasota has been 
selected as one of six churches 
to be included in a National 
Association of Evangelicals 
(NAE) enlistment brochure. The 
brochure will be used to en- 
courage local congregations to 
become NAE members. 

The six churches in the bro- 
c^hure will be representative of 
the variety in size, location, and 
polity of the churches in the 
association. The purpose is to 
present both the diversity and 
the oneness in Jesus Christ that 
exists in NAE, 

Each of the six churches is 
being asked to write a short 
testimonial stating "Why my 
church is a member of NAE." 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Ardmore Church adds twenfy-two 
members in April 

South Bend, Ind. — Church 
growth is taking place at the 
First Brethren Church of Ard- 
more. In April, 22 new members 
were added to the congregation, 
eighteen by baptism and four by 

Perhaps the following from 
the Ardmore May newsletter ex- 

plains why this growth took 
place. It was written by Pastor 
Brian H. Moore. 

"When 1980 arrived it seems 
as though a new spirit in the 
church arrived with it! All 
areas of the church program 
seem to have received a lift. The 
Neighborhood Bible Studies 

Gregg Brelsford receives 
Bricker-Lousche Scholarship 

Ashland, Ohio — Gregg Brels- 
ford, a member of the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church, 
received the $250 Bricker- 
Lausche Scholarship Award 
from United Conservatives of 
Ohio on April 15th. 

Established two years ago, 
the scholarship fund is named 
for John Bricker and Frank 
Lausche, former Ohio governors. 
Gregg is the first recipient of 
the award. 

According to State Senator 
Thomas A. Van Meter, also a 
member of the Park Street 
Brethren Church, the scholar- 
ship went to Gregg because of 
his leadership, academic record, 
school and community involve- 
ment, and interest in politics. 

Gregg, who completes his 
freshman year at the College of 
Wooster this month, is a Repub- 
lican precinct committeeman in 
Ashland County. During his 
first year at Wooster, he served 
as a representative to the stu- 
dent government and as chair- 
man of the Student Activities 
Board Speakers and Topics 

Gregg is active in the Breth- 
ren Church at the local, district, 
and national level. He served as 
president of his local youth 
group for two years, as vice- 
president of Northeast Ohio 
Brethren Youth Crusaders 
(NEO BYC) for two years, and 
as president for another two 
years. He is presently the NEO 
BYC district representative to 
the national BYC Council. 

At last year's National Youth 
Convention Gregg served as 
vice-moderator, having been 
appointed to serve in the ab- 
sence of the elected vice- 
moderator. This summer Gregg 
will be serving as a BYC Pas- 
toral Intern in the Dutchtown 
Brethren Church near Warsaw, 

Gregg is a 1979 graduate of 
Ashland High School where he 
was president of his senior 
class. He was a two-year letter- 
man in both football and basket- 
ball, and co-captain of the foot- 
ball team his senior year. At 
graduation he received the John 
C. Myers scholarship award for 
best all-around male in his class. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Brels- 
ford, Gregg's parents, are mem- 
bers and deacon and deaconess 
in the Park Street Brethren 
Church. Mr. Brelsford is assis- 
tant professor of mathematics 
at Ashland College. 

surely contributed to this. 

"Then in March, when mem- 
bers began making calls on 
other members and prospective 
members, that good spirit was 
amplified even more. People 
praying, people caring and 
showing it in new ways . . . 
when revival week came at the 
end of the quarter, God had 
prepared us as a congregation 
for what He was about to do! 

"I don't think we have found 
words yet to express what has 
been happening in our midst! 
We just praise Him!" 

Mental health is 
theme of Brethren 
pastors' conference 

More than 40 Brethren pastors 
attended the 1980 Brethren 
Pastors' Conference at Massa- 
netta Springs, Virginia, April 
29 - May 1. Sixteen wives also 
participated in a separate con- 

The central theme of the con- 
ference was the mental health 
of the pastor as he deals with 
the stresses of providing caring 
pastoral service to his church. 
Primary resource person for the 
conference was Dr. Robert 
Showalter from nearby Har- 
risonburg. Dr. Showalter also 
spent time talking about ways 
a pastor can maintain a healthly 
family life in the parsonage. 

At separate sessions the Na- 
tional Ministerial Association's 
special committee studying the 
denominational ordination pro- 
cess brought an updated report. 
And seven selected pastors 
shared in small groups some 
techniques that are working for 
them in their churches. 

The conference was organized 
by pastors from the Southeast 
District, under the chairman- 
ship of Jim Rowsey. 

— Charles Beekley 

The national cost of alcohol- 
ism in absenteeism, health and 
welfare services, property dam- 
age, and medical expenses is $44 
billion annually. 

June 1980 



Twenty-five youth to serve as 
BYC Summer Crusaders & Interns 

Ashland, Ohio — Twenty-five high school seniors 
and college age Brethren Youth have been selected 
as 1980 Summer Crusaders and Interns. They 
were chosen on the basis of talent, maturity, lead- 
ership in their local churches, and commitment 
to Christ. 

The Crusaders have been organized into three 
educational units and a musical unit. Several youth 
will also serve as interns. 

John Crowe of Nappanee, Indiana, will captain 
the musical team, "One Spirit." John Gilmer of 
Park Street (Ashland, Ohio) is the team tech- 
nician. Dave Stone of Sarasota, Fla., Evan Briden- 
stine of Smithville, Ohio, Mark Thomson of Lan- 
ark, 111., Jill Slabaugh of Goshen, Ind., Laurie 
Gould of Derby, Kans., Kathleen Wilson of 
Masontown, Pa., Susie Rowsey of St. James, Md., 
and Amy Icenhour of Park Street make up the 
1980 musical unit. 

Members of the musical team "One Spirit" are 
(I. to r.) Dave Stone, Mark Thomson, John Gilmer, 
Kathy Wilson, Susie Rowsey (behind). Amy Icen- 
hour, John Crowe, Laurie Gould, Jill Slabaugh, and 
Evan Bridenstine. 

"One Spirit" will tour Virginia, Pennsylvania, 
Ohio, Maryland, Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa, per- 
forming two concerts at each church it visits. 
During its one- to three-day stay at a church, the 
team will give an informal program featuring 
instrumental numbers and congregational singing, 
as well as present the musical, "I Just Came Into 
His Presence." 

"Sonkist," an educational unit captained by 
Chip Keplinger (Washington, D.C.), will tour in 
Florida. Becky Sandridge (Mt. Olive, Va.) Joyce 
Ronk (Park Street), and Jody Wagstaff (Roann, 
Ind.) will work with vacation Bible schools, youth 
groups, and worship services in the Florida 

photos by Howard Mack 

Jean Troup (left), Carolyn Miller, Dale Myers 
(sitting), and David Logan make up the educational 
team "Salt." 

The educational team "Salt," which will tour in 
Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and Kansas, is led by Jean 
Troup (Meadowcrest, Ind.). Carolyn Miller (Tee- 
garden, Ind.), David Logan (Masontown, Pa.), 
and Dale Myers (St. James, Md.) complete the 
"Salt" unit. 

LeAnne Icenhour (Park Street), Sally Holmes 
(Park Street), Jeanitta Lanter (Cerro Gordo, 111.), 
and Jill Slee (Roann, Ind.), captain, will travel in 
Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, and Indiana as the 
educational team "His Disciples." 

The educational teams will perform puppet 

The educational unit "Sonkist" is composed of 
(I. to r.) Becky Sandridge, Joyce Ronk, Chip Kep- 
linger, and Jody Wagstaff. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


J^ ^Sti^i^fii^ M 

"///^' Disciples," also an educational team, are 
LeAnne Icenhour, Sally Holmes, Jill Slee, and 
Jeanitta Lanter. 

shows ; teach music, crafts, and Bible lessons ; form 
work teams to paint, clean, etc.; and act as coun- 
selors on camp staff at a camp for a week. 

One pastoral intern was appointed to a summer 
position as part of the Crusader Program. Gregg 
Brelsford (Park Street) will serve in the Dutch- 
town Brethren Church near Warsaw, Ind. He will 
be visiting, teaching, preaching, and assuming 
many responsibilities of an assistant pastor. 

(For a picture of Gregg Brelsford, see page 21 .) 

Gwen Holsinger (Park Street) and Birbrra 
French (West Alexandria, Ohio) are missionary 
interns. They will spend the summer in Mexico 
City passing out tracts in the city, talking with 
people, performing puppet shows, teaching Sun- 
day school, and generally assisting the estab- 
lished missionaries in the city. They will also 

receive intensive training in Spanish culture and 
mission work. 

Preceding their time on the road, the three edu- 
cational units and the music team will spend a 
week in intensive training in Ashland. Orientation 
week will begin Sunday evening, June 15, and 
run through Saturday morning, June 21. During 
this time, the Crusaders will develop the programs 
they'll present in churches during the summer 
and sharpen their teaching and leadership skills. 

One highlight of the week's schedule will be a 
morning devotional period to be conducted by 
leaders of the Brethren Church. Representatives 
from the Missionary Board, Ashland College, and 
the Brethren Publishing Company will participate 
in that morning devotional period. 

At the end of their summer schedule, the Cru- 
saders and the pastoral intern will gather at 
Camp Bethany near Ashland for a retreat. During 
the retreat, a program of rest, relaxation and 
spiritual renewal is scheduled. 

Gwen Holsinger {left) and Barbara French will 
serve as Missionary Interns in Mexico City. 

Dr. J. D. Hamel chosen Sarasota's 
"Outstanding Citizen of the Year" 

photo by Mark Gaier, Sarasota Herald-Tribune 

Sarasota, Fla. — Dr. J. D. Hamel, pastor of the 
First Brethren Church of Sarasota, was selected 
by the Fraternal Order of Police as Sarasota's 
"Outstanding Citizen of the Year." He was given 
this honor for his "dedicated service to the youth 
of the Sarasota community." 

Dr. Hamel works with young people as a min- 
ister and is chaplain for the city police and fire 
departments. He is also chaplain of the Florida 
State Fireman's Association. 

Sarasota Police Sgt. Michael Schott, left, and 
Detective Sgt. James E. Eadens, right, congratulate 
Dr. J. D. Hamel Sarasota s "Outstanding Citizen of 
the Year." 

June 1980 


Calendar of Events 

JUNE — Ministerial Student Aid 

12-14 Indiana District Conference 


17-19 Central Conference, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

17-19 Pennsylvania Conference, Camp Peniel 

24-26 Southeast Conference, St. James, Md. 


11-15 General Conference, Ashland 

SEPTEMBER— Publications 

13 Ohio Conference, Delaware 

OCTOBER— Ashland College 

9-11 Midwest Conference, Mulvane 

NOVEMBER— Home M-Ssioiis 

DECEMBER— Christian Education 

5 Leadership Group, Ashland Park Street 

6 Exec. Committee, Ashland Park Street 


Annitta Lanter to Joseph Voorhees, May 17, at 

the Cerro Gordo, 111., Brethren Church; Stephen 
Cole, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the 
Cerro Gordo Brethren Church; groom a member 
of the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Cora Charlene Vcorheeis to Robert Dean Perry, 
May 5, at Rockfield, Ind. Bride a member of the 
Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Deloris Jean Plckearing to Michael J. McKinley, 
April 26, at the Corinth Brethren Church, Twelve 
Mile, Ind.; Frederick Snyder, pastor, officiating. 
Groom a member of the Corinth Brethren 

Teresa Gearhart to Rick Leonard, April 26, at the 
New Lebanon, Ohio, Brethren Church; Donald 
Rowser, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 
the New Lebanon Brethren Church. 
Kelly Welden to Ron €happuis, April 12, at the 
Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church; Marlin L. 
McCann, pastor, and Rev. Dennis Rackliff 
officiating. Groom a member of the Bryan First 
Brethren Church. 

Positions Available 

Due to expansion. Christian Haven Homes 
has these staff positions immediately available: 

1. Child care workers — couples (those with 
children accepted) are needed with a de- 
sire to minister to 11 needy and troubled 
boys in a cottage setting. 

2. Several Special Education Teachers (E.D. 
or L.D. specialties preferred) are needed 
for classroom of 10 troubled boys. Ele- 
mentary to senior high classes available. 

For job descriptions, fringe benefits, and 
salary schedules, please contact: Rev. Lange, 
Christian Haven Homes, R.R. 1, Box 17, 
Wheatfield, Ind. 46392 (219-956-3125). 


Howard and Mildred Fisher, 56th, June 18. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church of Ardmore, 
South Bend, Ind. 

Rev. & Mrs. Albert O, Curtrigrht, 50ith, June 14. 
Members of the Cheyenne, Wyo., Brethren 
Church, of which Rev. Curtright is the pastor. 
Mr. & Mrs. Floyd B.enshoff, 50th, June 12. Mem- 
bers of the Third Brethren Church, Johnstown, 

Mr. & Mrs. J. C. Yunker, 54th, May 25. Friends of 
the First Brethren Church, Flora, Ind. 
Node and Zelma Doiggett, 64th, May 24. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio. 
Mr. & Mrs. A. G. Carpenter, 70th, May 18. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church of Ardmore, 
South Bend, Ind., and active for many years in 
the First Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio. 
Paul and Alma Witner, 64th, May 15. Members of 
the First Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio. 
Mr. & Mrs. Emerson Miller, 52nd, May 7. Mem- 
bers of the Loree Brethren Church near Bunker 
Hill, Ind. 

Mr. & Mrs. Ross Conner, 60th, April 26. Members 
of the Third Brethren Church, Johnstown, Pa. 
Lyle and Ruth Riter, 50th, April 19. Members of 
the First Brethren Church, Bryan, Ohio. 
Mr. & Mrs. Georg^e T. Beal, 50th, April 12. Mem- 
bers of the Masontown, Pa., Brethren Church, 
now living in Akron, Ohio. 

Mr. & Mrs. Clyde Grumtoling:, 54th, April 6. Mem- 
bers of the Third Brethren Church, Johnstown, Pa. 

In Memory 

Beryl Beckner, 73, May 8. Member of the First 

Brethren Church, I'lora, Ind. Services by Alvin 

Grumbling, pastor. 

Glenn W. Meese, April 27. Member of the Brethren 

Church, Berlin, Pa. Services by Ralph Mills, 


Henry Bell, April 21. Member of the First Brethren 

Church, Oakville, Ind. Services by Wes Ellis, 


Winnie Russell, 60, April 19. Member of the First 

Brethren Church, Oakville, Ind. Services by Wes 

Ellis, pastor. 

Bertha Young, 96, April 6. Oldest member of the 

Brethren Church, New Lebanon, Ohio. Services by 

Donald E. Rowser, pastor. 

Susan Henizer, 83, April 2. Member of the Brethren 

Church, New Lebanon, Ohio. Services by Donald 

E. Rowser, pastor. 

Letter to editor, continued from page 26. 
the Coalition for Peace Through Strength. We can 
all make our political commitments and remain 
brothers and sisters within the Brethren family. 
But let us keep the church from taking stands 
on controversial political issues. The Great Com- 
mission is a higher calling than any social or 
political cause, and worthy of the total efforts of 
the Brethren Church. 

— David L. Watkins 
Canton Church 


The Brethren Evangelist 

as I see 

Observations about our nation's government 

by Richard C. Winfield 

I HAD the opportunity in April 
to spend three days in our na- 
tion's capital. I attended the 
Washington Insight Briefing 
for pastors and Christian lay- 
men sponsored by the Office of 
Public Affairs of the National 
Association of Evangelicals. My 
attendance at this briefing was 
made possible by the Brethren 
Church National Office. 

Two other Brethren also 
attended the briefing — Mark and 
John Berkshire, members of the 
Papago Park Brethren Church 
in Tempe, Ariz. Mark is judicial 
administrator in the court ad- 
ministrator's office in the Su- 
perior Court of Arizona in 
Maricopa County, and John is 
a high school senior. 

Highlights of our three days 
in Washington included the 
following : 

— comments from and question 
and answer periods with Sena- 
tor William Armstrong (R-CO), 
Representatives Don Bonker 
(D-WA), Bill Nelson (D-FL), 
and Paul Trible (R-VA), all of 
whom are committed Christians. 
— two-hour briefings at both the 
White House and the State 
Department (no, we didn't meet 
with President Carter!). 
— a media panel with Mr. 
Forrest Boyd of International 
Media Service; Rev. Ed Plow- 
man, until recently senior editor 
for Christiaiiiity Today; Mr. Bob 
Hardy, press secretary to Cong. 
Wm. Dickinson; and Wesley 
Pippert, UPI White House 

— ^an address by Carl F. H. 
Henry on "Evangelical Influ- 
ence in America." 
— relevant biblical expositions 
on Christians as citizens by Rev. 
Stephen Olford. 

— a high-level CIA briefing on 
the same day that the U.S. 
rescue attempt was made in 

I have many pages of notes 
I could share on this very worth- 
while briefing. But I won't. 

What I will share are three 
impressions I gained from my 
close-up exposure to our national 

The first of these is that more 
dedicated evangelical Christians 
are involved m our national 
government than I realized. I 
knew about Mark Hatfield and 
had heard of a few others. Bul 
while in Washington I learned 
of more. 

I had direct exposure to Sen- 
ator Armstrong and the three 
Representatives mentioned a- 
bove, who spoke at the briefing. 
They mentioned still others. And 
I heard of prayer breakfasts 
and Bible studies being held 
each week in Washington which 
involve Congressmen, White 
House staff. Congressional aids, 
and others involved in our na- 
tion's government. And I heard 
repeated confirmation of Presi- 
dent Carter's Christian faith, 
even from those who disagree 
with many of his policies. 

These committed Christians 
are not in the majority. Nor do 
they all agree among them- 
selves politically. (Some are 
liberal Democrats, others con- 
servative Republicans, still 
others somewhere in between.) 
But they are seeking to make 
their Christian faith relevant to 
their political action. 

The second impression I re- 
ceived was of the complexity of 
the problems faced by the Presi- 
dent and the Congress. As arm- 
chair politicians, we often have 
a simplistic view of the issues. 
We fail to consider the conse- 
quences of a particular piece of 
legislation for the various seg- 
ments of our society (the poor, 
for example). We forget the 
biblical injunction to "look not 
only to [our] own interests, but 

also to the interests of others" 
(Phil. 2:4— RSV). 

But government leaders must 
consider these interests. They 
are constantly reminded of 
them by various lobbies, interest 
groups, and by other politicians. 
Many problems in our nation 
have no easy solution. 

This leads to my third im- 
pression — the need for Chris- 
tians to pray for our govern- 
ment leaders. We need to pray 
that God will give His wisdom 
to the President, Congressmen, 
and the vast host of statesmen, 
staff, aids, etc. We need to ask 
God to give them wisdom to 
make decisions that are accord- 
ing to His will and that will 
benefit our country. We ought 
to beseech God to overrule self- 
interest in the lives of our poli- 
ticians. And we should pray 
particularly for our Christian 
leaders in government that God 
will give them the strength to 
overcome the temptations of 
power, greed, and compromise 
of principle. 

Most of us are too prone to 
criticize our nation's leaders and 
too slow to pray for them. But 
God's word instructs us to pray 
for those in high positions 
(I Timothy 2:1-2). What a dif- 
ference it might make in our 
nation if all Christians spent as 
much time praying for the 
President and the members of 
Congress as we do criticizing 
them ! 

More "as i see it" on 

the next page. 

"as I SEE it" gives Evangelist 
readers an opportunity to speak 
out on issues of concern to them. 
The opinions expressed are not 
necessarily those held hy the 
evangelist staff. 

June 1980 


as i see it 

Reflections of a tentmaker 

I RECENTLY received some 
inquiries as to the duties of a 
tentmaker and how I got 
started. After serving as a tent- 
maker for three months in the 

Town and Country Church in 
Tampa, which is developing 
under the ministry of Rev. Dale 
Ru Lon, I just want to report 
that it was a very satisfying 

Fill glad you asked! 

ARE people today becoming 
more kindness conscious, more 
thoughtful of others? I believe 
the answer is yes, and the re- 
sults are heartwarming. For ex- 
ample, recently when a much- 
loved mother died, her family 
requested that memorial gifts 
be given to Brethren Care in 
Ashland — and this sort of unself- 
ishness might be directed to 
other similar facilities. 

In this situation the person or 
group giving the memorial re- 
ceived a letter of acknowledg- 
ment and thanks from Brethren 
Care, and the family was sent 

by Ida Lindower 

a list of those who had given 
these memorials. This procedure 
brought numerous benefactions: 
both family and friends experi- 
enced a warm feeling of honor- 
ing the loved one as well as 
helping those who remain; 
friends living at Brethren Care 
received benefits they might 
otherwise not have had. It is a 
beautiful gesture on the part of 
all involved. 

In similar situations you 
might make the same thought- 
ful gesture. Will you let your 
kindness speak for you? 

by Mabel Hepler 

experience. I hope to do it again 
as the need arises. 

I'm sure the older members 
of the church can be used in this 
capacity, as well as younger 
members. There seems to be a 
need for both age groups to 
serve. I was happy to be used 
as a Sunday school teacher and 
a home Bible study leader. I also 
helped the minister with office 
filing, mailing lists, and other 
survey and visitation. 

Starting a new church takes 
a special dedication, as I'm sure 
the ministers serving in this 
capacity can verify. So they can 
use all the help that is sincerely 
offered. They need the experi- 
ence of seasoned Christian 
workers as well as the fresh 
talents of the youth. 

It was a real privilege for me, 
and I'm available to help again 
wherever I can. We can all be 
workers together in God's vine- 
yard if we sincerely desire to 

counseling people facing draft registration. From 
the general tone of the letter, I assume that 
"counseling" to the Lerschs means encouraging 
the counselee to avoid military service. 

I respect the opinions of Rev. Gilmer and Rev. 
and Mrs. Lersch as honestly held. However, I 
challenge the concept that there is or should be a 
Brethren position on the many coimplicated ques- 
tions of national security. There are instead many 
(and divergent) positions held by individual Breth- 
ren people. Individuals have a right, indeed an 
obligation, to further their views by attempting 
to influence their fellow citizens and their repre- 
sentatives in the Congress. On the other hand, a 
church which advocates disarmament and draft 
resistance does grave injustice to those among 
its members who oppose these positions. 

I personally feel that the maintenance of a 
capable military establishment is the only way 
to guarantee peace in a dangerous world. I would 
guess that the majority of Brethren people hold 
this view as well. But whether or not this is true 
is irrelevant. The point is, let us have the terribly 
good sense to keep the Brethren Church fro^m 
committing itself as an institution to actions 
which are repugnant to a significant portion of 
its members. 

If some Brethren desire to support the World 
Peacemakers organization, as advocated by the 
Lerschs, let them do so with their personal moral 
support and contributions. I shall do the same for 

(continued on page 24) 

Brethren positions on peace 

Judging from recent Evangelist articles and 
letters, it appears that the Social Concerns Com- 
mittee of the General Conference of the Brethren 
Church is embarking upon an aggressive program 
of encouraging world peace. As a goal, this is 
commendable and should prove popular. I know 
few people who do not prefer peace to war. 

However, in my opinion, the means the com- 
mittee plans to use to accomplish this end leave 
much to be desired. Rev. James Gilmer in a 
February 1980 article ("Peace: The Recovery of 
an Early Brethren Vision"), written at the behest 
of the committee, advocates by implication that 
those who serve in the military should be elimi- 
nated from the fellowship of the Brethren Church. 
In a May 1980 letter to the editor, Rev. and Mrs. 
Phil Lersch mention several recent efforts of the 
Social Concerns Committee, including the circu- 
lation of a "peace packet" for the use of ministers 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Give your favorite child 
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Sunday. The New International Version 
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All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, 
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II Timothy 3:16 — NIV 














•p— I 









s ^ 

CO -o 

">- J" 

"I am the Q)ai^ 




August 11-15 • Ashland, Ohio 

plan now to attend 


Brethren Inspirational Speakers 

Dr. J. D. Hamel Rev. George Solomon 

Rev. Keith Bennett Rev. Jim Black 2: s c3o 

Dr. Charles Munson 

Workshops — sponsored by 

Board of Christian Education 

Woman's Missionary Society 

World Relief Board 

and others 

Communion Youth Convention 

Business Fellowship 

Room Bates: $7.75 per person per day for single 
$5.55 per person per day for double 
Watch for room reservation request forms 
in July Evangelist 






























1— • 

»— ' 










1— • 












^'"^ The Brethren ^ • 



July 19 











As church growth thinking influences more people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARN, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the Institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Cultivating for Growth 

Question. We've made a community survey and 
left literature at every door, but have not seen 
any results. What do you recommend? 

Answer. Perhaps the seed you have planted 
needs to be fertilized and cultivated. An excellent 
illustration of how that might be accomplished is 
a model used at the Berryessa Evangelical Free 
Church in San Jose, California. 

Pastor J. Mark Piatt began "farming" his field 
by "planting" literature, much as you have done. 
But he didn't stop there. Over a period of six 
months he would regularly visit the people he had 
contacted, once each month, cultivating them with 
small but thoughtful gifts and invitations to 
special events at the dhurch. 

For example, in January he presented each home 
with a calendar. In February he again brought a 
gift and visited. March saw him personally pre- 
sent an invitation to and a brochure about the 
next month's Easter service. Mother's Day was 
the occasion for a gift and an invitation to a 
special service in May. After such extensive per- 
sonal contact, Pastor Piatt has ceased to be an 
acquaintance and has become a friend. 

He has continued to "water his garden" with 
media exposure as well. Newspaper advertising 
and features, along with the Yellow Pages, are 
creatively employed to keep the church before the 
eyes of the community. Pastor Piatt meets the 
unchurched where they are. Borrowing from the 
secular media, his advertisements proclaim such 
slogans as "Things Go Better With Christ!" and 
are more likely to be found in the family living 
or sports section than on the (Church page of a 

Finally, he has called in more laborers for the 
harvest. Every visitor who comes to the church is 
given a return visit by a member of the Lay Evan- 
gelism Outreach Committee. These dedicated 
Christians have been trained to share their faith 
and call for a response to the message of the 
gospel. The key to their effectiveness is that they 
share the gospel in a personal and private context 
compatible with the individual attention that has 
been given the visitor in the past by the pastor. 

The "farming" methods of the Berryessa 
Evangelical Free Church may be (Characterized by 
the words consistent, persistent, and involvement. 

In every phase the church goes out to meet 
the people of the community where they are. The 
church does not give up, but builds an image and 
personal relationships with individuals in the 

community. And all the methods employed con- 
sistently reflect the unrelenting love of Christ. 

Does such careful cultivation yield results? 
There were visits by fifty families to the church 
after six months of "farming." Seven families en- 
rolled during the same period. There was a con- 
sistent increase in attendance by approximately 
25% after each specially publicized event. As 
Pastor Piatt likes to quote, "Let us not become 
weary in doing good, for at the proper time we 
will reap a harvest if we do not give up" 
(Galatians 6:9). 


From time to time you have been reading and 
hearing about THE BRETHREN ENCYCLO- 
PEDIA. This is a project sponsored by all five 
Brethren bodies. It will be unparalleled in bringing 
together information on the history, doctrines, per- 
sonalities, and congregations of the various bodies 
of Brethren since the time of our founding by 
Alexander Mack in 1708 in Schwarzenau, Germany. 
The five Brethren bodies combining efforts in 
producing the Encyclopedia are: Old German Bap- 
tist Brethren, Church of the Brethren, Dunkard 
Brethren, Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches, 
and The Brethren Church. 

To facilitate the completion of this work, it is 
essential that the editors have a brief article on 
each congregation of The Brethren Church. Thus 
each congregation will shortly receive a question- 
naire to be completed and returned. Look for this. 
When it comes, we ask you to take time to fill it 
out completely and correctly. Give special atten- 
tion to dates, places, and names which are asked 
for. Then please return it to the address given 
on the form. 

The editors will then prepare the article for each 
congregation according to the style and size 
allowed in the Encyclopedia. 

Representing The Brethren Church on the 
Editorial Board are Bradley Weidenhamer and St. 
Clair Benshoff. Target date for the completion of 
the Encyclopedia is 1983, the 100th anniversary of 
the event which divided and created the several 
Brethren denominations. 

For the Brethren Encyclopedia Editorial Board, 

Bradley E. Weidenhamer 
W. St. Clair Benshoff 

The Brethren Evangelist 

^■^^ The Brethren 1 * J 


In its 102nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor; 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75?J 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


In this election year all citi- 
zens have a responsibility to 
vote. But as Christian citizens, 
we have a continuing responsi- 
bility — to pray for our leaders 
and to exert a Christian in- 
fluence in our nation. 

Vol. 102. No. 7 

July 1980 

4 Bless the Politicians 

Robert Dugan urges Christians to intelligently and systematically 
fulfill their biblical duty to pray for our governmental leaders. 

6 Stirring Up the Water 

You can make a difference in your neighborhood, your com- 
munity, and your nation, says Joan Martin. 

> m%w « 

Focusing on the Word 
8 God's Superabundance 

Robert Dillard looks at the Apostle Paul's answer to the power 
shortage found in the church today. 

* ^>» < 

9 Refugees Welcomed at Johnstown Second 
Brethren Church 

Harold Walton tells about two Vietnamese refugees being spon- 
sored by the Johnstown Second Brethren Church. 

» ^%w < 

Special Section 

12 General Conference Preview 

A look at the highlights of the program planned for the 92nd 
General Conference of the Brethren Church, scheduled for 
August 11-15, 1980. 

> ^>» < 

2 People Are Asking . . . 
11 The Salt Shaker 
1 9 Update 
26 As I See It 

Artwork on page 6 was drawn by David Rowser. David is a student 
at Ashland College and a member of the New Lebanon Brethren 
Church. He is the son of Rev. and Mrs. Donald Rowser. 

July 1980 


MY VANTAGE POINT is unique. Given 
a background in both the pastorate 
and politics, along with the opportunity of 
serving evangelicals and our Lord in Wash- 
ington, it is not surprising that I often speak 
about Christian responsibilities in politics. 

Although my message is thoroughly 
biblical, many congregations have never 
heard anything like it. Some Christians re- 
ceive it in stony silence. Closed-minded, they 
remind me of the non-Christian who refused 
to attend church because he feared an acci- 
dent on the way. All the while his real fear 
was being struck by a new thought. Hap- 
pily, however, thousands of receptive Chris- 
tians have welcomed the challenge to help 
shape our nation for the glory of God. 

No matter how Christians respond to the 
call for political responsibility, they cannot 
gainsay one biblical duty: to pray for 
elected officials. 

The case for that kind of prayer can be 
developed in many directions. One cannot 
overlook the famous revival text in II Chron- 
icles 7:14, ''If my people . . . will pray . . . 
then will I hear from heaven and heal their 
land." More specifically, Paul admonishes: 
''I urge, then, first of all, that requests, 
prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be 
made for everyone — for kings and all those 
in authority, that we may live peaceful and 
quiet lives in all godliness and holiness." 

We may as well admit it. We regularly 
fail our Lord and our leaders in the matter 
of prayerful intercession. Ministers rarely 
mention political leaders in their pastoral 
prayers, unless perchance occasionally the 
President. Usually the prayers go something 
like this: *' . . . and, Lord, bless all our 
political leaders." No one I know would con- 
tend that "Lord, bless all our missionaries" 
is adequate prayer support, and the same 
goes for our politicians. We need to know 
who they are, where they serve and what 
they are doing in order to pray specifically 
and pointedly for them. Personal reluctance 
and political ignorance are stifling to 

Christians' personal reluctance to pray 
for political leaders is understandable in 
some respects. Most of us have absorbed 
much of the prevailing cynicism concerning 
politicians. We conclude that most are dis- 
honest and power-hungry, hardly worth any 
prayer effort. 

I first became acquainted with a good 
number of political leaders when I was ap- 
pointed chaplain of the Colorado state sen- 
ate. In one sense those senators were simply 

by Robert P. Dugan, Jr 

Robert Dugan is director of the National Asso- 
ciation of Evangelicals Office of Public Affairs in 
Washington, D.C. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

a cross-section of the general population. 
In another sense, they were, to employ an 
old political cliche, ''dedicated public 
servants," a breed that many believe is ex- 
tinct. They were highly motivated, frequent- 
ly served at great personal sacrifice and 
were willing to bear abuse and acrimony as 
rewards for good intentions. 

''No matter how Christians 
respond to the call for 
political responsibility, they 
cannot gainsay one biblical 
duty: to pray for elected 

The bad apples in the political barrel re- 
ceived the most public attention, and I soon 
learned that the public was willing to gen- 
eralize and reject all politicians with the 

Sitting in the Colorado senate chamber 
one day during my own campaign for 
Congress, I complained to a Denver Post 
reporter about my inability to get some 
substantial press. It didn't take him long 
to bring me to reality. ''Look at it this way, 
Bob," he said, "if one member of this sen- 
ate had come in dead drunk today and was 
now making a fool of himself on the floor, 
at whom would we be looking?" I guess I 
had always known that people would not 
buy newspapers to read about the 34 sena- 
tors who were faithfully and effectively 
doing their duties. The inebriate, of course, 
would be the subject of an article and pos- 
sibly a photo as well. 

Christians are also guilty of pronouncing 
politicians "guilty until proven innocent," 
contrary to our Lord's command: "Do not 
judge, or you too will be judged." Christians 
who have given up on praying for their 
elected officials evidence a loss of confi- 
dence in God's ability to answer prayer. 

Christians' political ignorance, on the 
other hand, is not understandable. Ameri- 
cans are among the world population's 
meager 20 percent who enjoy the privilege 
of choosing their own rulers. In one way or 
another we do just that. An ignorant vote, 
cast blindly according to party loyalty or 
a neighbor's bumper sticker, may well be a 
vote for the lesser candidate by depriving 
the better candidate of a positive vote. 

There is one easy way to test the politi- 
cal savvy of any church. (I've done it 
enough times that I hate to embarrass 
congregations any more.) Ask how many 
can name the seven officials representing 
them in national and state governments. 

The officials they have elected are: Presi- 
dent of the U.S., Governor of their state, 
two U.S. Senators, one member of the House 
of Representatives from their district, one 
State Senator and one State Representative. 
(In several states the representatives may 
have another title and/ or there may be 

It is a rare church, Christian college, 
seminary or evangelical ministers' fellow- 
ship that will turn up five percent who can 
list their seven officials. That means that 
19 out of 20 could not possibly have been 
praying for their own elected officials, and 
that probably they were guessing in the 
voting booth at the last general election. 

It seems logical to keep the task manage- 
able. The Lord may not expect Vermonters 
to pray for the senators from Florida or 
Oregon, but surely they must pray for their 
own. By the same token, Christians in the 
second congressional district in Colorado 
certainly must pray for their congressman, 
although they may not be held responsible 
for representatives from the state's other 
four districts or for the governor of Illinois. 

Why not launch an effort in your local 
church to encourage everyone to pray for 
their politicians ? Discover their names. List 
them systematically, praying for the Presi- 
dent every Sunday, the Governor every 
Monday, one U. S. senator every Tuesday, 
and so on through the week. 

A problem may arise at this point. Many 
will discover they have little content for 
their prayers, that they know absolutely 
nothing about the characters and person- 
alities of their elected officials, nothing 
about how they voted on major legislative 
issues and nothing about their values and 
philosophies of life. 

That can easily be changed as Christians 
learn to read newspapers and listen to 
newscasts with pointed attention. Taking 
time to attend meetings where these 
leaders are speaking offers time to linger 
afterward and talk personally with them. 
Without fear of contradiction I often make 
the statement that any Christian who wants 
to can personally meet all the seven office- 
holders mentioned above in the next six to 
nine months, except the President of the 
United States. 

My editorializing does not arise from a 
proud spirit. Preaching in a church where 
I served for over six years, I confessed that 
as their pastor I had not been "an example 
of the believers" as a citizen. Like pastor, 
like people, they say. And that hurts. □ 

Reprinted by permission from UNITED EVANGELICAL ACTION 
(Spring 1980), official publication of the National Association of 

July 1980 

artwork by David Rowser 

You can make a difference in your neighborhood, your 
comnnuni+y, and your nation, says Joan Martin. 

"DLESS that young man, Lord," I whis- 
D pered one afternoon as I left the 
hospital. ''There really is something ordi- 
nary people can do to affect others.'* 

Driving home, I reflected upon the two 
men in the hospital room. One had given up ; 
the other continued to encourage him not to. 

I had entered my friend's room afraid of 
what I might find. Al was very ill. I almost 
tiptoed across the room. 

''Hi," Al's roommate called out. He was 
handsome with a heavy beard and a happy 

"Hi," I replied, wondering why Al was in 
a room with such a good-natured, deep- 
voiced man when he needed rest and quiet. 

Marion, Al's wife, came into the room. 
"Dave has been so good for Al," she said. 
"I just don't know how we will manage 
when he returns home." 

I glanced at my friend laden with tubes. 
He seemed to be hardly breathing. "Perhaps 
Al needs to be in a private room," I 

"Oh, no. That's the least of what he 
needs," she answered. 

As Marion urged Al to sip some milk 
from a cup, Dave turned to her. "Just keep 

Mrs. Martin is a freelance writer in Libertyville, 

thinking positive," he encouraged. "Al will 
eat. I know he will." 

Dave continued talking and included me 
in the conversation. "Al and I have lots of 
talks late at night when he can't sleep. I 
ring for the nurse when he needs her, and 
I can answer the telephone when Marion 

Al raised his arm slowly toward his 
younger friend. "See!" Marion said. "He 
tries harder to move when Dave talks. I 
don't worry nearly so much now." 

Dave was suffering pain from burns on 
his legs, but he was always smiling. "Got so 
much to be thankful for," he said. 

As days went by, I realized what being in 
a room with a man like Dave could do for 
someone as ill as Al. Dave was able to share 
the love of Christ and the encouragement 
of a Christian life with a man who needed 
his faith strengthened. How often the path 
of Christian service leads to a more effec- 
tive witness. How much easier to share one's 
faith while giving something another needs. 

Several weeks later, another friend chose 
a different means of sharing her faith. She 
decided to hold a morning coffee in her 
home and to invite some of her neighbors to 
pray for America. 

She had been a good neighbor, showing 
kindness over and over again to those liv- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

''One of the most difficult things to do is to take a step 
alone and speak out for our convictions. . . .But when 
we do speak out, someone will often come up. . .and say, 
'I was thinking the same thing, but I thought I was 
alone.' '' 

ing close to her. Nevertheless, as she picked 
up the telephone to invite them to attend, 
she was almost afraid of the response she 
might get from neighbors who did not at- 
tend church. On the phone she was friendly, 
but did not try to pin anyone down to a 
definite answer. 

As the day approached, she wondered if 
many would come. But she went ahead with 
the preparations and expected the Lord to 
bring the women. In spite of her fears, 
twelve women came! 

When the time came to pray, my friend 
explained that it was not necessary for any- 
one to pray aloud. ''God can hear prayers 
from the heart as well as voices," she said. 
The women bowed their heads. Someone 
prayed for the President. Petitions were 
offered for other government officials. Then 
one young mother prayed, ''God, please help 
me to be a better wife. You know my family 
situation just now, and I ask You to change 

Another woman prayed, "Lord, let me be 
a better neighbor. I thank you that Jean is 
here today and that she might know how 
unhappy I've been over our cross words." 

Even a neighborhood can be changed by 
one woman who dares to try. The ladies in 
this neighborhood decided to meet regularly 
to pray for the town and country. They 
knew that together they could make a dif- 
ference in the types of programs in their 
schools and on TV. 

But they didn't just pray. They acted. One 
of the women marched up to the corner 
shopping center and confronted a young 
man who was selling "pot" pipes in a small 
store next to the roller-skating rink. "I'm 
here to ask you not to sell those in your 
store," she said. 

"I'm sorry," he replied, "but my partner 
and I feel it is our right." The mother tried 
to explain to him that very young children 
attended the roller rink next door, but it 
made no difference. She left the store think- 
ing, "Okay, have it your way. But now the 
ladies will have something else to pray 

A few weeks went by, then one day as 
I passed the small store I saw a FOR RENT 
sign on the window. "They didn't know just 
whom they were up against," I thought. 
"Thank you. Lord." 

Prayer changes the pray-er as well as the 
situation. One of the most difficult things 
to do is to take a step alone and speak out 
for our convictions. Many people want to, 
but do not have the courage. But when we 
do speak out, someone will often come up to 
thank us and say, "I was thinking the same 
thing, but I thought I was alone." 

My own dear mother never ventured be- 
fore an audience, but she also made a dif- 
ference in her own way. She prepared small 
sandwiches and cakes to be taken to the 
sick by my father. When he delivered these. 
Dad would usually take time to drink tea 
with the person. As he visited. Dad dared to 
ask about the faith of the older or ill person. 
"We're getting older," he would say, "and 
we need to be sure about what we believe." 
My father was more concerned about the 
soul of his captive audience than he was 
that they might not like his words. 

One family with a friendly personality 
beamed love next door to a woman weighed 
down by divorce and the care of three small 
children. They took her to church, intro- 
duced the small family to others, and baby- 
sat the three children. In time the mother 
accepted Christ, and her life became whole. 
She began serving the Lord and found new 
friends in her church family. What would 
have become of this woman if a Christian 
family had not loved and helped her? 

Jesus said that if we show love and con- 
cern to anyone, it's just as if we have done 
it to Him (Matt. 25:40, 45). This means we 
must take courage and go forth in His 
name ; we must take a chance. We may even 
"stir up the water" a bit. We must will our 
actions to make a difference. 

It really doesn't matter what our situa- 
tion in life is. We can be in an office, a 
neighborhood, a woman's club, or a hospital 
bed. If we dare to speak out, to care enough, 
we can, in the name of Christ, change 
neighborhoods and lives. D 

July 1980 

Focusing on the Word 

God's Superabundance 

Robert Dillard looks at the Apostle Paul's answer to the 
power shortage found in the church today. 

EPHESIANS 3:14-21 is Paul's prayer to 
the triune God. In this prayer he asks 
that God*s Spirit would make the Ephesians 
strong in the inner man. He prays that 
Christ, God's Son, would indwell their 
hearts by faith. And he focuses special at- 
tention on the need for believers to be 
^'filled to all fullness" by God, the Father. 

The fullness of God and His ability ''to 
do exceeding abundantly above all that we 
ask or think" (v. 20) is the crux of this 
great prayer. One word seems to sum it all 
up — superabundance. 

The day in which we live crys out for 
something or someone who is super. In fact, 
the popularity of the movie ''Superman" 
may indicate this need. The question raised 
by Paul's prayer is, "Why is it that Chris- 
tians are living below their capability in 

Many Christians are like the woman I 
heard about during the winter of 1978. 
According to the news report, this woman 
was found frozen to death in her small 
apartment. She had no heat and had not 
eaten for days. Yet, when authorities 
examined her room, they discovered over a 
quarter of a million dollars! 

Paul found a parallel situation in the 
Ephesian church. It was their spiritual con- 
dition which is the concern of his prayer. 

Paul introduces his prayer for the Ephe- 
sian Christians with the statement, "For 
this cause I bow my knees unto the Father 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. . ." (v. 14). Paul's 
desire for the Ephes'an Christians was that 
they should know their Father. To know the 
Father is to be strong in the inner man 
(v. 16). Many of us today do not know our 
spiritual Father. If we did, there would not 

Rev. Dillard is associate pastor of the First Breth- 
ren Church of Sarasota, Florida. 

be the shortage of spiritual power and love 
that exists in much of the church. 

I think some Christians fail to see the 
significance of our being created in the 
image of God. God is Three-In-One. He is 
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. We are also 
three-in-one: body, mind, and spirit. While 
many Christians have gone to great pains 
to be strong in body and mind, they have 
all but neglected the spiritual part of their 

Last year I asked some young people in 
our church the question, "What do people 
in the world today want more than any- 
thing else?" They answered, "Happiness 
and peace." 

I then asked, "How do they hope to ac- 
complish these goals for themselves?" They 
gave me a short list that indicated great 
insight on their part. The list included ac- 
cumulating money, attaining great power 
through achieving an important position, 
and experiencing romantic love or becoming 
involved in sexual promiscuity. In addition 
to these three, they mentioned yet another 
— trying to escape by means of alcohol, 
drugs, cult groups, "religion," or the ulti- 
mate escape — suicide. 

Notice that none of these means of 
achieving happiness and peace is able to 
satisfy the spiritual longing of man. These 
are all attempts to fulfill the desires of the 
body. They are experiences for the flesh, 
and to a lesser degree the mind. There is 
nothing to fill the spirit. 

Paul continues by praying that Christ 
would dwell at the core of every believer 
(v. 17). We need to ask ourselves, "Lord, 
have I allowed You to dwell in my heart 
richly? Have I permitted You to take up 
residence in my life? Have I given up my 
claim to that which is Yours forever?" 

Too many Christians have accepted Jesus 


The Brethren Evangelist 

as their Savior but have only allowed him 
to "rent" the throne of their lives from 
time to time. Some have said, "Come and be 
my Lord. Lead my life — until I think I can 
lead it myself again." 

Let me suggest a spiritual fitness test. 
When you wonder who is in charge of your 
life, ask this quesion: "Lord Jesus, is there 
any unconfessed sin in my life?" When God 
makes known sin in your life, then you 
must confess it. When you do this, then you 
can walk in the Spirit. 

As Paul concludes his prayer, we hear 
him exclaim, "that ye. . .may be able to 
comprehend. . ." ( w. 17-18) . Paul wants us 
to experience, to grasp, the unlimitedness of 
our God. There are some things we can only 
know if we experience them. Take roller 
coasters, for example. My wife loves them. 
But not me — I won't get on one. But those 
who have gone on them know that they 
receive much more from riding one than 
they do from watching. The point is that 
we don't know the superabundance of God 
until we actually experience it. 

Jesus said that He came to give an abun- 
dant life (Jn. 10:10). Most of us tend to 
think that we have enough. We live in a 
wealthy nation. We have food, clothing, 
shelter, even a few luxuries. Yet the Bible 
says that if we are not yearning for the 
abundance of God in our spirit, we have 

The situation of so many people today 
was vividly illustrated for me as I watched 
two tightrope walkers — a man and a 
woman. They were high above a vast, deep 

They rode out across the gorge on a bi- 
cycle fastened to a highwire. When they 
reached the middle of the gorge, they spun 
around and around the wire, holding on 
only to the bike. They acted nonchalant 
about the danger they were in. 

I wonder if God doesn*t look at us with 
amazement when we behave with non- 
chalance about our relationship with Him. 
Today we live in a generation of casual 
Christians who seem oblivious to the dan- 
gers that go with spiritual neglect. We 
have been slack in appropriating God's 

What does God's superabundance in- 
clude? I have mentioned life and love. It 
also embraces His grace — the unmerited 
favor of God, His divine influence renewing 
and strengthening the soul. 

God's superabundance involves being al- 
together His. We are called to be saved, em- 
powered, and in fellowship with Him, our 
Creator and Savior. And finally, we will be 
with Him forever. Thank you, Lord, for 
your superabundance! □ 


Nhiem Luu (left) and his son, Tuan, at a refugee 
camp in Indonesia where they spent four months 
before coming to the U.S. 

Refugees Welcomed 

at Johnstown 

Second Brethren Church 

by Harold Walton 

AT 8:00 p.m. on March 18, 1980, Nhiem 
Luu and his 17-year-old son Tuan ar- 
rived in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. This was, 
for them, the last leg of a journey that had 
begun exactly five months earlier in 

Nhiem, Tuan, and 41 other Vietnamese 
escaped from Vietnam in a small (9 by 30- 
foot) boat at midnight on October 8, 1979. 
They spent the next five days and nights at 
sea, with little food and water. They finally 
landed on one of the islands of Indonesia, 
but it took them another 12 hours of travel 
in their boat to reach a refugee camp. 

Nhiem and Tuan spent about four months 
in this camp before flying from Indonesia to 
Singapore to San Francisco to Pittsburgh to 
Johnstown under the auspices of World Re- 
lief Refugee Services (WRRS). They came 

Rev. Wahon is pastor of the Second Brethren 
Church of Johnstown, Pennsylvania. 

July 1980 

to Johnstown at the request of the Johns- 
town Second Brethren Church, which had 
agreed to be their sponsors as they began a 
new life in the U.S. 

Nhiem and Tuan left Vietnam because of 
the difficulty of life there. Life began to get 
more difficult for them after the Commun- 
ists took control in 1975. Before the take- 
over, for example, they had many kinds of 
food. Afterwards, their diet consisted main- 
ly of corn. Other foods were available, but 
were usually too expensive. Since Nhiem 
was in the South Vietnamese military, 
things were particularly onerous for him 
and his family. 

Nhiem's wife, Tam, and son, Jung (age 
13), are still in Vietnam, but Nhiem and 
Tuan hope that one day they can come to 
America so that the family can be re- 
united. Tuan (the 17-year-old son) has 
started attending classes at Johnstown Sen- 
ior High School and seems to be doing very 
well. He had completed ten grades in Viet- 
nam and had studied English there. Also, he 
has considerable artistic ability and has re- 
cently drawn some pictures of Jesus. 

Both Nhiem and Tuan are being tutored 
in English by Mrs. Hoa Custer. Mrs. Custer, 
a native of Vietnam, translated for the mili- 
tary there. She, her husband, and their little 
daughter live in Westmont (a section of 
Johnstown) . Nhiem and Tuan are fortunate 
to have such an excellent teacher. Both are 
working hard, but Nhiem, being older, finds 
learning English particularly difficult. The 
government pays for the tutoring sessions. 

Nhiem and Tuan are eager to work and to 
help with things in the parsonage, where 
they live with me. In addition, Nhiem has a 
job as a tailor and maintenance man for a 
local department store — working approxi- 
mately 30 hours a week at about minimum 
wage. This was definitely an answer to 

Our interest at Second Brethren Church 
in sponsoring refugees was raised by read- 
ing numerous ads in Christian periodicals 
and the literature from WRRS. I presented 
the idea to the congregation some time ago, 
but it was not voted on and approved until 
the January business meeting. Several other 
churches in our area were also sponsoring 
refugees (Presbyterian, Church of the 
Brethren, Catholic, and a Jewish syna- 
gogue). This, plus the letter and literature 
from Rev. Bob Bischof (a member of the 
World Relief Board and product of Second 
Brethren) , influenced us in our decision. 

Although some Americans are opposed to 
welcoming refugees because they take jobs 
away from local people, we found that those 
from other countries and cultures often 

have special skills (e.g., tailoring) and are 
willing to work for lower wages than some 
others. They generally have a work ethic, 
and are willing to do anything. 

The cost involved has not been very high. 
We have tried to avoid welfare and have en- 
couraged Nhiem and Tuan to become self- 
supporting. We did get them a blue medical 
card, mainly because we didn't feel we could 
cover the cost of a long stay in the hospital. 
World Relief forwarded $320 to help get 
them settled, although at some point WRRS 
would like to be reimbursed $640 for the 
Luu's air fare to the U.S. 

The church has made a commitment of at 
least $50 a month to help the refugees. En- 
velopes are provided for those wanting to 
contribute. If $50 is not received, the church 
makes up the difference. Some of the folks 
have also given clothes and food. Nhiem 
and Tuan like American food very much. 

Although the Luus have been Buddhists, 
they are voluntarily attending our Sunday 
services regularly. Nhiem was friends with 
a Christian "minister" in Vietnam. Both 
have expressed an interest in the Christian 
faith, and we are praying that they might 
believe in Jesus when the time is right. 
They have received literature and a num- 
ber of Christian tapes in Vietnamese from 
Far Eastern Broadcasting Company under 
Project SHARE (Box 1, LaMirada, Calif. 
90637). And they have Vietnamese/ English 
New Testaments from the Gideons. 

We don't know what the future holds in 
our relationship with Nhiem and Tuan. But 
I believe God has guided us thus far, and we 
will continue to trust Him. As the Lord 
leads, I would certainly encourage other 
churches to become involved in this kind of 
ministry. □ 

In sponsoring Nhiem Luu and his son Tuan, 
the Second Brethren Church of Johnstown 
worked through the NAE World Relief 
Refugee Services (WRRS) in Nyack, New 
York. The church has been pleased with the sup- 
port of this agency (which is endorsed by the 
Brethren World Relief Board). WRRS is directed 
by Rev. and Mrs. T. Grady Mangham, who were 
missionaries to Vietnam many years before the 
Communists took over. 

We commend Second Brethren for their will- 
ingness to reach out and help in the name of 
Christ. May other congregations follow their 
example. See your pastor or moderator for in- 
formation about this program, or write WRRS, 
P.O. Box WRS, Nyack, New York 10960. 
Phil Lersch, Chairman 
Brethren World Relief Board 


The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 


**Ani I a Soldier 

of the Cross?" 

'T^E ROMAN SOLDIER was first and 
1 foremost a volunteer. There were no 
draftees in the Roman legions. A man be- 
came a soldier because he wanted to serve 
Rome. He knew before he joined that his 
life would be incredibly hard, the discipline 
severe, and material rewards minimal. 

The enlistment period for the Roman 
soldier was 20 years. The average life span 
in the Roman world was only 22 years. 
Think of that! When a man enlisted, he 
knew he'd probably die as a Roman soldier. 
Once enlisted, he couldn't turn back. 

The Roman soldier was devoid of en- 
tanglements with the world. His life was the 
legion. He was not allowed to marry. The 
legion was his home. He depended wholly on 
his fellow soldiers for survival in battle, and 
they depended on him. 

His gear was minimal. He carried an 
impedimenta or knapsack on his back, which 
was easily laid aside in battle. This knap- 
sack contained a simple stick with cross- 
bars, upon which hung the soldier's gear in 

Discipline was unbelievably hard. Orders 
were given to be obeyed. A cohort or cen- 
tury that disgraced itself by delayed obe- 
dience or lack of courage, especially in bat- 
tle, could be decimated — that is, every tenth 
man executed on the spot! 

It was such discipline that made the 
Roman soldier one of the toughest men of 
the ancient world, and the legions the best 
fighting units of history. Morale was so 
high in the legions that the men felt 
ashamed to do battle if they were not out- 
numbered six to one. Is it any wonder that 
Rome conquered the world? 

Common sense tells us that a soldier does 
not spend all of his time in battle. Most of 
his time is spent in preparation. During his 
periods between wars, the Roman soldier 
not only trained to defend himself and to 
fight offensively, but he built roads and 
aqueducts, which linked the empire 

Another striking thing about the Roman 
soldier is that he never retired. Oh, they 
called it "retirement" if he lived long 
enough. But I prefer to call it "reserves on 
call." If a soldier lasted 20 years of service, 
he could retire, which meant that his active 
campaigning days were over. At this time 
he was given a piece of land or a house 
somewhere on the border of Rome. The 
logic behind this was simple: The retiree 
was expected to be the backbone of resist- 
ance against any barbaric invasions of the 
empire ! 

The New Testament is filled with analo- 
gies between the Roman soldier and the 
Christian. But for the most part, the 
analogy has broken down today. Many 
Christians spend their entire lifetime in 
preparation — in a comfortable, padded pew. 

"Take your part in suffering, as a 
loyal soldier of Christ Jesus. A 
soldier on active duty wants to 
please his connnnanding officer and 
so does not get mixed up in the 
affairs of civilian life" III Tim. 
2:2-3 TEV). 

They never do any serious battle for their 
cause. In fact, one would think they have 
no cause. Their impedimenta is overstuffed. 
They are entangled in many worldly pur- 
suits. Discipline is lacking. Morale is low. 
And complaining is the order of the day, in 
many cases. I've even been in some camps 
where they used their swords to cut one 
another up! 

One man said it correctly: "We attend 
so many training sessions that all we get 
done is polishing our swords!" 

On the other hand, some are so active 
they never need to polish their swords. 
Which camp are you in? n 

July 1980 


General Conference Preview 

The Ninety-Second General Conference 

of the Brethren Church 

Brethren from across the nation will 
gather in Ashland, Ohio, August 11-15, for 
the ninety-second General Conference of the 
Brethren Church. We will come together for 
fellowship, inspiration, and to care for the 
business of the denomination. 

As we meet together in the Convocation 
Center on the Ashland College campus, we 
will be joined by youth of the denomination, 

who will participate in their annual BYC 

In all that we do, the focus will be on 
Jesus' words, '*! am the way, the truth, and 
the life: no man cometh unto the father 
but by me." 

To help us prepare for this gathering 
of Brethren, the Evangelist presents the 
following General Conference Preview. 

Program Highlights 



7:00 p.m. 


9:30 a.m. 

-Inspirational service with 
Dr. J. D. Hamel speaking 

Moderator's Address, 

by Rev. William Kerner 
10:30 a.m. — Business session 
1:30 p.m. — Workshops 
3:30 p.m. — BYC Moderator's Address, 

by Mr. David Kerner 
7:00 p.m. — Inspirational service with 

Rev. George Solomon speaking 

Crusader Review 

8:45 p.m.- 

9:30 a.m.- 

10:30 a.m.- 
12:30 p.m.- 

1:30 p.m.- 
3:30 p.m.- 

7:00 p.m.- 

8:45 p.m.- 


9:30 a.m.- 

-Laymen's public service with 
Elder Donald Miller speaking 
-Business session 
-Fasting Banquet with 
Rev. Robert B. Haslam 

-Ashland College and Seminary 

-Inspirational service with 
Rev. Keith Bennett speaking 
-200th Birthday Party for the 
Sunday school 

WMS public inspirational 
service with Mrs. Peg Rankin 
Business session 
-WMS luncheon with 
Mrs. Peg Rankin 

Board of Christian Education 
program with 
Dr. Wesley R. Willis speaking 
7:00 p.m. — Inspirational service with 

Rev. James Black speaking 

10:30 a.m.- 
12:00 noon 

1:30 p.m.- 
3:30 p.m.- 

8:30 p.m. — Reception sponsored by 

General Conference Executive 

9:30 a.m. — ^Church Growth Models 
10:30 a.m. — Business session 
12:00 noon— ABCT luncheon with 

Dr. Wesley R. Willis, resource 

1:30 p.m. — Workshops 

3:30 p.m. — Missionary Board program/ 
with Rev. Ricardo Rivero 

7:00 p.m. — All-Conference Communion 

Service with inspirational mes- 
sage by Dr. Charles Munson 

Children's sessions 

Something new was added to last year's 
Conference — sessions for elementary-age 
children. These children's sessions were 
so successful that a similar program is be- 
ing planned for this year's Conference. 

The theme for this year will be ''Bullfrogs 
and Butterflies," and Mrs. Linda Beekley 
will be in charge. Sessions will be held each 
morning and afternoon, Tuesday through 
Friday, at Park Street Brethren Church. 

Children who were in grades one through 
six during this past school year will be 
eligible to attend. The cost will be $5.00 for 
children who pre-register, $6.00 for those 
who register at Conference. Pre-registra- 
tion forms will be sent to the churches in 
the next few weeks. 

The sessions for children are held under 
the auspices of the national Board of 
Christian Education. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Preview 

Kerner & Kerner are 1980 moderators 

A father and son will head up the two 
main branches of the 1980 Conference 
program. The father, Rev. William Kerner, 
will moderate the General (adult) Confer- 
ence, and the son, Mr. David Kerner, will 
moderate the Brethren Youth Convention. 
Both will present addresses to the entire 
Conference, and each will chair the busi- 
ness sessions of his particular branch of 
the Conference. 

Rev. William Kerner, General Conference 
Moderator, is pastor of the Meadowcrest 
Brethren Church in Fort Wayne, Ind. He 
was recently named to fill the new position 
of Director of Pastoral Ministries for the 
Brethren Church (see the news story and 
additional information about Rev. Kerner 
on page 19). Rev. Kerner will present his 
Moderator's address to the Conference at 
9:30 on Tuesday morning. 

Mr. David Kerner, the Youth Moderator, 
is a 1980 graduate of Ashland College. 
While in college, he spent two summers as 
a missionary intern, the summer of 1978 in 
Medellin, Colombia, and the summer of 1979 
in Mexico. He plans to enter Ashland Theo- 

Rev. William Kerner 

Mr. David Kerner 

logical Seminary this fall. David will pre- 
sent his moderator's address to the entire 
Conference at 3:30 on Tuesday afternoon. 

As this father and son team prepare for 
this year's Conference, son David may have 
one advantage: this is his second year as 
moderator of the Youth Convention, while 
it is his father's first as General Confer- 
ence Moderator. 

Five Brethren preachers to bring 
revivalistic evening messages 

Five Brethren ministers will be the fea- 
tured inspirational speakers at this year's 
General Conference. The five scheduled 
speakers are Dr. J. D. Hamel, Rev. George 
Solomon, Rev. Keith Bennett, Rev. James 
Black, and Dr. Charles Munson. 

These men will be bringing revivalistic 
messages on the Conference theme-text 
from John 14:6. The messages will be pre- 
sented at the services scheduled for 7:00 
each evening. 

Dr. J. D. Hamel will preview the theme 
at the service on Monday evening with a 
message entitled "The Way to the City." 
Dr. Hamel is pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Sarasota, Florida. 

Rev. George Solomon, pastor of the First 
Brethren Church of Milledgeville, Illinois, 
will bring the message on Tuesday evening. 

He will develop Jesus' words, "I am the 

The words of Jesus, '1 am the Truth," 
will be Rev. Keith Bennett's theme on 
Wednesday evening. Rev. Bennett is pastor 
of the Home Mission Church in Brandon, 

On Thursday evening, Jesus' words, '1 am 
the Life," will be Rev. James Black's sub- 
ject. Rev. Black is the pastor of the Hill- 
crest Brethren Church in Dayton, Ohio. 

The series of revivalistic messages will 
conclude on Friday night, when Dr. 
Charles Munson reviews the theme for the 
week. Dr. Munson is acting dean and pro- 
fessor of practical theology at Ashland 
Theological Seminary. His message will be 
part of an All-Conference Communion 

July 1980 


General Conference Preview 

Special Conl speakers and services 

Dr. Wesley R. Willis fo speak 
at Bd« of Christ. Ed. program 

Dr. Wesley R. Willis, Executive Vice 
President of Scripture Press Ministries, will 
speak at the Board of Christian Education 
presentation to Conference on Thursday 
afternoon. Dr. Willis will also serve as re- 
source person for the ABCT luncheon at 
noon on Friday. 

As chief administrative officer of Scrip- 
ture Press, Willis directs the day-to-day 
operation of the organization and also pro- 
vides long-range direction. Scripture Press 
Ministries promotes the development and 
dissemination of Christian education ma- 
terials and services internationally. 

In addition to his responsibilities at 
Scripture Press, Dr. Willis is chairman of 
the board of directors of Christian Service 
Brigade. He also speaks regularly at 
Christian education conferences and sem- 
inars and in local churches. He contributes 
to a variety of periodicals and to Christian 
education instructional materials, and is 
valued as a consultant in the field of Chris- 
tian and higher education. 

Dr. Willis recently authored the book, 
200 Years — and Still Counting, a concise 
and readable history of the Sunday school 



Dr. Wesley R. Willis Rev. Robert B. Haslarn 

A variety of workshops are planned for 
this year's Conference. These will be held 
from 1:30 to 3:00 each afternoon, Tuesday 
through Friday, of Conference. 

Mrs. Peg Rankin to give message 
at WMS public service 

Peg Rankin will be the speaker at the 
WMS public inspirational hour on Thursday 
morning of Conference. Mrs. Rankin is a 
homemaker, mother of three teenage boys, 
and author of Yet Will I Trust Him, a Regal 
Book just recently released. 

A former high school English teacher, 
Mrs. Rankin now invests her training in 
teaching God's Word. She conducts Bible 
studies in several churches and team- 
teaches two classes with her husband. She 
also shares her faith at prayer breakfasts, 
women's luncheons, church groups, and in- 
terdenominational conventions and retreats. 

The Rankins often share speaking en- 
gagements. As an extension of this min- 
istry, they have formed the Rankin File — 
a pamphlet and cassette ministry which 
presents Jesus Christ. Their presentations 
include humor, drama, testimony, and in- 
struction—all to the glory of God. 

Rev. Robert B. Haslarn to be 
Fasting Banquet speaker 

An important part of each year's Gen- 
eral Conference is the Fasting Banquet, 
sponsored by the World Relief Board. At 
this year's banquet, scheduled for 12:30 
p.m. on Wednesday, Rev. Robert B. Haslam 
will be the speaker. 

Rev. Haslam is Director of Church Rela- 
tions for the World Relief Corporation 
(WRC) of the National Association of 
Evangelicals. He has served with WRC for 
one and one-half years. 

Before coming to World Relief, Haslam 
was Director of Missions Education for the 
General Missionary Board of the Free Meth- 
odist Church, a position he held for 13 V2 
years. He also served as director and pro- 
fessor at Light and Life Bible College in 
the Philippines for three years, and pas- 
tored congregations in Washington and 
Michigan for seven years. 

In addition to these positions, he is also 
a writer and has written articles for many 
magazines and publications. He has au- 
thored one book — Peepholes on Life. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Preview 

Special Conl speakers and services 

Elder Donald Miller will speak 
at Laymen's public service 

Donald Miller will be the speaker at the 
Laymen's public inspirational service on 
Wednesday morning of Conference. Miller, 
from East Berlin, Pa., is an elder in the 
Church of the Brethren in charge of a 
congregation of 250 members. He serves 
as one of the plurality of non-salaried 

In addition to his local church responsi- 
bilities, Elder Miller has served on the 
board of his district and as district mod- 
erator. He is also active in evangelism. 
During World War 11 he served in Civilian 
Public Service as a conscientious objector. 

Elder Miller is married and he and his 
wife, Grace, are the parents of eight chil- 
dren. The Millers live on a small farm and 
Donald is a tractor-trailer operator. 

Elder Donald Miller 

Rev. Ricardo Rivera 

Mission Bd. program to feature 
Argentine church leader 

Rev. Ricardo Rivero will be the featured 
speaker at the Missionary Board program 
on Friday afternoon of Conference. Rev. 
Rivero is president of the Brethren Church 
in Argentina, and will visit the United 
States and Mexico later this summer. 

Sharing the platform with Rivero will be 
Rev. Juan Carlos Miranda, who will give a 
report of Brethren missionary work in 
Mexico, which is under his supervision. 

The Missionary Board program will also 
include reports of other foreign and home 
mission work of the Brethren Church. 

Conference will celebrate 
birthday of the Sunday school 

As almost everyone who attends Sunday 
school and church knows, this year the 
Sunday school celebrates its 200th birthday. 

In recognition of this fact, the national 
Board of Christian Education is planning a 
birthday party for the Sunday school at 
General Conference. The party will be held 
Wednesday evening, following the in- 
spirational service. Rev. Larry Baker, 
chairman of the Sunday School Growth 
Task Force of the Christian Ed. Board, will 
be the master of ceremonies. 

Everyone is invited to the party, and 
those who attend will sing Sunday school 
songs, see a David C. Cook Company film 
entitled "The Incredible, Helpful, Hopeful, 
Growing, Changing Sunday School Film," 
and have an opportunity to tell what Sun- 
day school has meant to them. Since no 
birthday party is complete without some- 
thing to eat, this one will conclude with re- 
freshments, including a birthday cake. 

All-Conference Communion 
to conclude 1 980 meeting 

One of the most sacred and meaningful 
services in the Brethren Church is the 
Threefold Communion Service. It is appro- 
priate, therefore, that this year's Confer- 
ence will conclude with an All-Conference 
Communion Service. 

Rev. Mark Baker will conduct the service, 
and Dr. Charles Munson will bring a 

Brethren Publishing Company 
annual corporation meeting 

The annual corporation meeting of the 
Brethren Publishing Company will be held 
Thursday, August 14, during the 10:30 a.m. 
(EDT) business session of the General 
Conference of the Brethren Church. The 
meeting will be held in the John C. Myers 
Convocation Center, Ashland College, 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Delegates to the General Conference con- 
stitute the membership of the corporation. 
— W. St. Clair Benshoff, President 

July 1980 


General Conference Preview 

Varied program planned for youth 

''First person" presentations of biblical 
characters by Rev. Walter Kime, ''Skip 
Day," and a multi-media show, "Small 
Change," are three of the high points 
planned for this year's BYC Convention. 
The Convention will be held in conjunction 
with General Conference. 

Rev. Walter Kime, a recent graduate of 
Ashland Theological Seminary, will give 
his "first person" presentations on Tuesday 
and Wednesday morning. After presenting 
a segment from the life of a biblical char- 
acter, he will dialogue with the youth — 
staying in the role of the biblical character 
he is portraying. 

Thursday of the BYC Convention will see 
the return of an old favorite — "Skip Day." 
All youth who have participated in all as- 
pects of the Convention up to that point 
will go to Silverstone Lake, north of Ash- 
land, for a day of swimming, games, eating, 
and having a good time. 

After a day of fun, the youth will be led 

WMS sessions 

"Follow Your Leader, Your Lord," will 
be the theme of the Woman's Missionary 
Society Conference at the 1980 General 
Conference. WMS sessions will be held at 
8:00 each morning in the Convocation 

The theme, which is based on the Con- 
ference text — John 14:6 — will be developed 
by the devotional leaders at each session. 

In addition to these times of devotion, 
other activities are planned for the WMS 
session each day. WMS President Mrs. 
Pauline Benshoff will present her challenge 
at the opening session on Tuesday. 

Elections and reception of the WMS 
Thank Offering are scheduled for Wednes- 
day at 8:00 a.m. At this session the women 
will also consider a revision of the WMS 

At Thursday's session the women will 
hear reports from committees and mission 
fields. And Friday morning they will re- 
ceive their project ingathering and install 
their 1980-81 officers. 

A Friendship Luncheon with Mrs. Peg 
Rankin is planned for noon Thursday. 

into some serious thinking by the multi- 
media presentation, "Small Change," by 
Sam Smith. Mr. Smith, of Heavy Light pro- 
ductions in Howe, Ind., travels all over the 
nation presenting this production to audi- 
ences young and old, stimulating much 
thought about the necessity of Christian 

Other items on the BYC Convention pro- 
gram include a Convention warm-up on 
Monday night, the BYC Moderator's ad- 
dress on Tuesday afternoon, business ses- 
sions, and several joint sessions with the 
General Conference. 

Ministers' sessions 

The National Ministerial Association pro- 
gram for General Conference will include 
two sessions led by Dr. Richard Dobbins, 
head of Emerge Ministries in Akron, Ohio. 
Dr. Dobbins will speak to the ministers on 
the subject "Marriage in the Manse: The 
Pastoral Family and Marriage." 

Dr. Dobbins was pastor for 27 years of 
Evangel Temple, an Assemblies of God 
Church in Akron. During this pastorate, he 
began Emerge Ministries, a Christian 
counseling program. This ministry has 
since expanded to include several full-time 
counselors, a radio ministry called "Totally 
Alive," and a two-year training program in 
pastoral counseling conducted in conjunc- 
tion with Ashland Theological Seminary. 

Laymen's sessions 

Dr. Jerry Flora will present daily Bible 
studies to the Laymen at their 8:00 a.m. 
sessions Tuesday through Friday of Confer- 
ence week. Dr. Flora is associate professor 
of Christian theology at Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary. 

On Friday morning the Laymen will hear 
a report of the Ashland College Campus 
Ministry program from Dr. Fred Burkey. 
Kerry Scott, the recipient of the 1980 Lay- 
men's seminary scholarship, will also speak 
to the men on Friday. 

In addition to the above, the Laymen will 
conduct elections (on Thursday), receive 
reports, and take care of business. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Preview 

Getting Ready for General Conference 

Scores of people spend hundreds of hours 
and a mountain of effort getting ready for 
General Conference. Speeches are written, 
reports prepared, meeting rooms reserved, 
agendas outlined, housing arrangements 
made, program booklets printed, displays 
arranged — not to mention all the prayer 
preparation by many faithful Brethren. 

But Conference requires another kind of 
preparation, and I'm afraid too few 
Brethren are making it. That is, getting 
ready to be good delegates. 

General Conference is the time for 
Brethren to take care of the denomination's 
business. But how prepared are most of us 
to do this? My guess is that aside from the 
Executive Committee and those who give 
reports or have some role in the business 
sessions, few of us do our homework in 
order to play an intelligent part in these 

What do I mean by preparing? How can 
we prepare? 

A good place to begin is by reading the 
minutes of last year's Conference. (If you 
were a delegate last year, you should have 
received a General Conference Annual con- 
taining these minutes. If you are a delegate 
this year and weren't last year, borrow a 
copy from someone who was, or from your 

I know these minutes aren't exciting 
reading. But drink a cup of strong coffee 
and wade your way through. Take note 
particularly of any continuing business and 
of any assignments given to boards or com- 
mittees which are to bring back reports this 

After you have finished last year's min- 
utes and taken a nap, it's time to plunge 
into some more exciting reading — this 
year's program book. (These will be sent to 
the same people who got last year's Confer- 
ence Annual, so if you weren't a delegate 
last year but will be this year, talk to your 

In the program book, begin by taking a 
look at the agenda for the business session. 
Then read the reports of the boards, com- 
mittees, interests, and institutions of the 
Brethren Church. This is important, be- 
cause action on these reports takes up a 
healthy share of the business sessions. 

When these reports are given at Confer- 
ence, you will have an opportunity to ask 
questions. But unless you have read the 
reports and thought about them ahead of 
time, you probably won't be able to make 
an intelligent query. 

So read these reports before Conference. 
If there is something you don't understand, 
make a note. You may have questions about 
something in the report that is not clear. 
Or you may have questions about some- 
thing not in the report that you think 
should be there. 

The trend in recent years has been to 
spend less and less time in Conference busi- 
ness. The schedule included 11 hours and 
15 minutes for business in 1978, only six 
hours last year, and allows just five hours 
this year. This is apparently what most of 
the Brethren want, for each Conference 
many delegates ask for less business and 
more time for fellowship and inspiration. 
This being the case, it becomes all the more 
important for delegates to come prepared 
to do business in the few hours that 

So if you will represent your church as 
a delegate this year, take some time to 
prepare. If you do, you'll be a better dele- 
gate. And you will probably enjoy the busi- 
ness sessions more, because you will know 
what is going on ! R. C. W. 

Conference housing 

Housing for those attending this year's 
Conference will once again be available in 
the Ashland College dormitories. Those who 
are planning to stay on the AC campus are 
asked to pre-register for rooms. 

A pre-registration form and more in- 
formation about Conference housing is 
printed on the back cover of this issue of 
the Evangelist. 

Motor homes, trailers, and campers can 
also be accommodated at Conference. Space 
will be available at the Ashland County 
Fairgrounds, two miles southwest of Ash- 
land College on Claremont Avenue. Electri- 
cal hookup is $3.00 per night, electric and 
water, $5.00 per night. The camping area 
will be open beginning August 9th. 

July 1980 


"My message to men is the most crit- 
ical topic I have ever addressed " 

writes Dr. Dobson 

Some chapter rifles 

• What is a Man? 

• A Man and His Children 

• A Man and His Authority 

• A Man and His Wife 

• A Man and His Work 

• A Man and a Woman and 

Their Sexual Identity 

• A Man and His God 




andHieir Wives 

Word Books 

221 page cloth 


Ofher books by 
Dr. Dobson: 

• Dare to Discipline 

• Hide or Seek 

• Preparing for Adolescence 

• What Wives Wish 

Their Husbands Knew 
About Wonnen 

With Straight Talk to Men and Their Wives, Dr. 
Dobson challenges the men among his readers to a 
renewed understanding of and commitment to Christian 
ideals for Tuales, And to the women who will read this 
hookj he offers the hope for reinforcements in the 
struggle for vital family life. 

clip and mail — 

Husbands, Love Your Wives 

Please send me the 
following : 

The Carpenter's Shop 

709 Claremont Ave. 

Ashland, Ohio 44805 


My name^ 





Ohio residents add 410 tax per book. 


news from the Brethren Church 

William Kerner appointed 
Director of Pastoral Ministries 

Ashland, Ohio — The Executive 
Committee of General Confer- 
ence has announced the appoint- 
ment of Rev. William Kerner to 
the new position of Director of 
Pastoral Ministries. He will as- 
sume this position in early 

Rev. Kerner presently serves 
as pastor of the Meadowcrest 
Brethren Church in Fort Wayne, 
Ind. Before moving to Fort 
Wayne last year, he was pastor 
of the Roann, Ind., First Breth- 
ren Church, where he ministered 
for eight years. His pastoral 
background also includes expe- 
rience as a lay pastor and as a 
student pastor. 

Before entering the ministry, 
Kerner worked for 23 years in 
the automotive parts business 

with positions as manager, 
buyer, and vice president. He 
was also instructor in automo- 
tive electrical and fuel systems. 

While engaged in this busi- 
ness, he felt a call to the min- 
istry and entered Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary. He received 



High school academy planned 
for Ashland CollegJ 

Ashland, Ohio — Ashland College 
has announced plans to open an 
academy in the fall of 1980 for 
high school age youth. The co- 
educational academy will be 
committed to the principles of 
Christian ethics, family living, 
and academic excellence. 

Sixty freshmen and sixty 
sophomores will be accepted for 
the first year. By the fall of 
1982, enrollment is expected to 
reach 240. Students will live on 
campus five days a week, and 
return to their homes for the 
weekend. Yearly costs for tui- 
tion, room and board, registra- 
tion, and laboratory fees will be 
approximately $4,500. 

The academy represents the 
renewal of a tradition at Ash- 
land College. A high school 
academy existed for 40 years, 
but closed in 1921. 

The new academy is planned 
as a model of individually 

guided education. Each student's 
learning style, level of achieve- 
ment, and motivation will be 
assessed. Then individualized in- 
structional objectives will be set 
and activities designed to help 
him or her achieve these 

The academy will be under the 
jurisdiction of the AC board of 
trustees and president Joseph R. 
Shultz, but will be run sepa- 
rately from the college. Acad- 
emy and college students will be 
together only at chaperoned 
events. Academy students will 
live in Kem Hall. 

Dr. Roger L. Saurer, former 
principal of Worthington Chris- 
tian Schools, has been named 
director of the academy. Saurer 
holds a master of divinity degree 
from Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary and also received his doc- 
torate in ministry from the 
seminary this June. 

his master of divinity degree 
from the seminary in 1971. 

In addition to his pastoral ex- 
perience. Rev. Kerner has also 
served the Brethren Church at 
the district and national levels. 
He is currently Moderator of the 
General Conference of the 
Brethren Church. 

Kerner is married to the for- 
mer Gertrude Boardman, daugh- 
ter of the late Rev. and Mrs. 
Edwin Boardman. The Kerners 
have four children. David, the 
youngest, is the current Breth- 
ren Youth Convention Mod- 

As Director of Pastoral Min- 
istries, Rev. Kerner will estab- 
lish and coordinate a coopera- 
tive network of pastoral care for 
the professional leadership of 
the Brethren Church. Specific 
duties will include meeting with 
active pastors, assisting in plan- 
ning district and regional meet- 
ings of pastors, and discovering 
ways to make optimum use of 
former and retired ministers. He 
will also provide resources for 
creative ministry and effective 
interpersonal relationships, ad- 
vise in the selection and train- 
ing of pastoral leadership, and 
assist local churches in the pas- 
toral selection process. 

Tiosa Church 
begins new addition 

Rochester, Ind. — The Tiosa 
Brethren Church broke ground 
for a new addition to its church 
building on Sunday, May 4. The 
groundbreaking was held at the 
close of the morning worship 

The new addition will include 
a new entry, pastor's study, rest 
rooms, and several classrooms. 
The building is now under con- 

— ^Catherine Lewis 

July 1980 



Three ordained Info Brethren mmlsfry 

Donald E. Wcsgstaff Kenneth D. Hunn 

Boaim, Ind. — Donald E. Wag- 
staff was ordained into the min- 
istry of the Brethren Church on 
June 1st. The service of ordina- 






tion was held at the Roann First 
Brethren Church, where Rev. 
Wagstaff is the pastor. The call 
for his ordination came froim the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, where Rev. Wagstaff 
had been a member prior to his 

Bringing the message in the 
ordination service was Rev. 
Arden Gilmer, pastor of the 
Park Street Brethren Church. 
Rev. William Kerner, pastor 
of the Meadowcrest Brethren 
Church of Fort Wayne, and Rev. 
Richard Austin, pastor of the 
Peru First Brethren Church, 
also took part in the ceremony 
of ordination. 

Other participants in the serv- 
ice were Gerald Dyson, modera- 
tor of the Roann Church, Royce 
Gates, a deacon in the Park 
Street Church, Lorin Haupert, a 
deacon in the Roann Church, and 
Charles Beekley, moderator of 
Park Street Church. 

Special music was presented 
by Ross and Norma Trump and 
by Holly Kendall. Norma Trump 
and Virginia Bozarth played the 
prelude and postlude for the 

Rev. Wagstaff was born in Mt. 
Vernon, Ohio, on July 9, 1934. 
He attended Mt. Vernon City 
Schools and was graduated from 
Mt. Vernon High School in 1953. 
After graduation he worked at 
a Mt. Vernon factory and later 
(continued on page 21) 

Elkhart, Ind. — Kenneth D. Hunn 
was ordained into the gospel 
ministry on June 15th at the 
Elkhart First Brethren Church. 
His ordination came just eight 
days after his graduation from 
Ashland Theological Seminary, 
from which he received a mas- 
ter of divinity degree. 

Dr. Jerry Flora, associate pro- 
fessor of Christian theology at 
Ashland Theological Seminary, 
presented the ordination mes- 
sage. Dr. Flora also read the 
statement setting Ken apart as 
an elder in the Brethren Church. 
Rev. Dale P. Ru Lon, former 
pastor of the Elkhart Brethren 
Church, gave the charge to the 
candidate and led in the ordina- 
tion prayer. 

Other Brethren elders partici- 



pating in the service included 
Rev. Dan L. Gray, present pas- 
tor of the Elkhart congregation ; 
Rev. Brian H. Moore, pastor of 
the Ardmore First Brethren 
Church; and Rev. Wayne E. 
Swihart, pastor of the Mishawa- 
ka Brethren Church. Special 
music for the service was pre- 
sented by Mr. Craig A. Smith 
and by Mrs. Dorothy Powers. 

Ken was born May 26, 1955, in 
South Bend, Ind. He attended 
South Bend Clay Hig^h School, 
from which he was graduated in 

He then entered Bethel Col- 
lege in Mishawaka, Ind. While 
at Bethel, he became a staff per- 
son at the First Brethren 
Church of Elkhart, under Pastor 
Dale Ru Lon. He completed his 
(continued on page 21 j 

Mark E. Baker 

North Manchester, Ind. — Mark 
E. Baker became an ordained 
Brethren minister on June 15, 
1980. His ordination service was 
held at the First Brethren 
Church of North Manchester. 

Dr. Richard Allison, assistant 
professor of Christian Education 
at Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary, presented the message 
during the ordination service. 
Rev. Woodrow Immel, pastor of 
the North Manchester First 
Brethren Church, Dr. Jerry 
Flora, associate professor of 
Christian theology at ATS, Dr. 
Fred Burkey, director of re- 
ligious affairs and campus min- 
istry for Ashland College, and 
Rev. Brian Moore, pastor of the 
First Brethren Church of Ard- 
more, also participated in the 

Scripture was read by Mr. 
and Mrs. Harold Baker, Mark's 
parents. The action of the 
church calling for ordination 
was read by Mr. James Mishler, 
moderator of the North Man- 
chester Church. 

Special music for the service 
was presented by Mrs. Terri 
Allison, Mr. Stephen Barber, and 
Mr. Kerry Scott, who each sang 
solos, and by Harmony, a 
Christian contemporary musical 
group. Mrs. LaVeta Immel amd 
Miss Deb Michael played the 
prelude and postlude. 

Mark Baker is the fourth 



child of Harold and Lucille 
Baker. He was born on July 24, 
1955, and was raised in North 
Manchester, Ind. He has been ac- 
(continued on page 2\) 


The Brethren Evangelist 


ATS graduates 96, including 7 Brethren 

A^hlasndy Ohio — Ninety-six stu- 
dents received degrees from 
Ashland Theological Seminary 
on June 7th, making this by far 
the largest graduating class in 
the history of the school. De- 
grees granted included nine doc- 
tor of ministry, 42 master of 
divinity, and 47 master of arts. 
Two students received two de- 
grees each. 

Seven Brethren students were 
among the 96 graduates who re- 
ceived degrees this year. They 
were Mark Baker, Steve Barber, 
J. Paul Deardurff, Kenneth 
Hunn, Terry and Sandra Lodico, 
and Archie Nevins. 

Mark Baker and Kenneth 
Hunn — see opposite page. 

Steve Barber, the son of Rev. 
and Mrs. Carl Barber, is a mem- 

Don Wagstaff ordained 

(continued from page 20) 

for Cooper Industries, where he 
remained for 11 V2 years. 

In 1971 he enrolled in evening 
classes at the Mt. Vernon Bible 
College. He received a bachelor 
of arts degree in Bible from 
that institution in 1975. During 
his last year of college he also 
held a position with the Ohio 
Youth Commission, working 
with delinquent boys. 

Wagstaff entered Ashland 
Theological Seminary in the fall 
of 1975. While a student at the 
seminary, he pastored the Rug- 
gles Church in Ruggles, Ohio, 
and also served as director of 
the Ashland County Council of 
Aging, Inc. He received his de- 
gree from the seminary in June 

Don is married to the former 
Sandra St. John. Sandy worked 
for 31/2 years as bookkeeper in 
the national Missionary Board 
office while her husband was in 
seminary. The Wagstaffs have 
two daughters — Jody, who is at- 
tending Ashland College, and 
Mmdy, who will be a senior at 
Northfield High School. 

Rev. Wagstaff became the 
pastor of the Roann First Breth- 
ren Church June 15, 1979. 

ber of the Ashland Garber Breth- 
ren Church. Steve received the 
master of divinity degree with a 
major in pastoral psychology 
and counseling. He is looking 
forward to service as a pastor 
or pastor's assistant. 

J. Paul Deardurff is the son of 

Mr. and Mrs. John Deardurff of 
Bellefontaine, Ohio. Paul, a for- 
mer member of the Gretna 
Brethren Church, now belongs 
to the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church. He received 
the master of arts degree with a 
major in pastoral .psychology 
and counseling. He is employed 
by Ashland Ag Center, Inc. He 
also plans to do some part-time 

Terry Lodico is pastor of the 
Medina Bible Fellowship, the 
Ohio District mission church. 

Ken Hunn ordained 

(continued from page 20) 
work at Bethel in May 1977 and 
received a B.A. degree. The fol- 
lowing month he married 
Nancy Sue Garner of Michigan 
City, Ind. 

That fall Ken entered Ashland 
Theological Seminary. During 
his seminary training he served 
two years and nine months as 
assistant to the pastor of the 
Park Street Brethren Church, 
first under Rev. Eugene J. 
Beekley, and then under Rev. 
Arden E. Gilmer. 

On April 20, 1980, Ken and 
Nancy became the parents of a 
son, Andrew Kenneth. On June 
28, 1980, the Hunns moved to 
Warsaw, Ind., where Rev. Hunn 
became the pastor of the First 
Brethren Church of Warsaw. 

Mark Baker ordained 

(continued from page 20) 
five in the North Manchester 
First Brethren Church, of which 
he has been a member since 

Mark answered the call to 
full-time ministry in 1973 and 
began preparing for service at 
that time. Following graduation 
from Manchester High School in 
1973, he began study at Purdue 

Terry received a master of di- 
vinity degree from the seminary 
in 1978 and this year added the 
master of arts degree with a 
major in pastoral psychology 
and counseling. 

Sandra Cross Lodico serves 
with her husband, Terry, in the 
Medina Bible Fellowship. Origin- 
ally from Monroe Falls, Ohio, 
she is a graduate of Malone Col- 
lege. She likewise received the 
master of arts degree with a 
major in pastoral psychology 
and counseling. 

Archie Nevins is a member of 
the Goshen, Ind., Brethren 
Church. He received the master 
of divinity degree. On July 20th 
he will become pastor of 
the Washington, D. C, Brethren 
Church. (See a separate news 
item on page 23.) 

University in Fort Wayne. He 
later transferred to Ashland 
College, where he completed his 
last three years of undergradu- 
ate work. After receiving his 
B.A. degree from the college, he 
entered Ashland Theological 
Seminary. He was graduated 
from the seminary with a mas- 
ter of divinity degree on June 
7th of this year. 

During his years of academic 
preparation, Mark was active 
in Christian service. He spent 
two summers as a BYC Summer 
Crusader and one summer as a 
missionary intern. He also min- 
istered with the Christian musi- 
cal group Harmony. During his 
senior year in seminary, he 
again spent two months as a 
missionary intern in Colombia, 
South America. 

Mark served the Brethren 
Church as assistant to the di- 
rector of Christian education for 
four years. During his last year 
of seminary he served five 
months as minister to youth at 
the Church of the Saviour in 
Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 

In July, Rev. Baker will move 
to Carmel, Indiana (near Indian- 
apolis), where he will be the 
church planting pastor of a new 
Brethren church being started 
by the Indiana District Mission 

July 1980 



Garber Church grows; 
enlarges facilities 

Ashlaind, Ohio — Things are hap- 
pening at Garber Brethren 
Church in Ashland, not only in 
the congregation, but also to the 
church facilities. Rev. and Mrs. 
Herbert Gilmer will complete 
their third year at Garber in 
August 1980. Since they arrived, 
they have seen the church mem- 
bership grow from 25 to 68 and 
the average Sunday morning at- 
tendance jump from 17 to 70. 

This called for some changes 
in the church facilities to ac- 
commodate the larger attend- 
ances. Therefore in May 1978 the 
parking lot was enlarged to 
triple its original size. Then in 
May 1979 some extensive re- 
modeling of the church building 
was started, called Phase I. The 
sanctuary was reversed and re- 
decorated. This included paint- 
ing, paneling, and wall-to-wall 
carpetmg. The sanctuary can 
now seat around 130. 

Along with these changes, a 
baptismal pool was put in be- 
hind the pulpit area. This has 
already been put to use twice 
since its completion. 

Improvements have also been 
made in the basement of the 

Interior view 
of remodeled 
sanctuary, with 
Rev. Duane 
Dickson, dedi- 
cation speaker, 
at the pulpit. 

The Garber Church building with the new bulletin board and flower 
planters at left and the remodeled entryway at right. 

church building. The basement 
was painted and carpeted, and 
the north wall was insulated and 
paneled to help guard against 
cold weather. Then the outside 

Wayne Heighfs youfh commended 
for interest in their church 

Waynesboro, Pa.— The youth of 
the Wayne Heights BrethreTi 
Church take an active interest 
in their church. They demon- 
strated this recently by conduct- 
ing a worship service and by 
presenting the congregation a 
gift at the conclusion of the 

Judy Seville, the local BYC 
president, led the service, held 
Sunday evening May 11th. A 
girls' trio — Kim Kline, Judy 
Seville, and Beverly Kline — ^pre- 
sented special music. And Pa- 
tricia Barnes shared some 
thoughts on a portion of the 
Sermon on the Mount, a passage 
of Scripture which the youth 
group studied earlier in the 

Following a brief message by 
Mr. Lloyd Hade, one of the BYC 

advisors, the youth led a candle- 
lighting service centered on the 
Lord's Prayer. 

At the conclusion of the serv- 
ice the youth called forward Mr. 
Fred Hammond, the church mod- 
erator, and Mrs. Delores Kline, 
chairwoman of the church's Hos- 
pitality Committee, and pre- 
sented them a large, gift- 
wrapped package. The package 
contained a 100-cup West Bend 
coffee-maker for the church 
kitchen. Since the church did 
not have a coffee-maker and had 
to borrow one whenever church 
dinners were held, this was a 
most appropriate gift. Rev. 
Henry Bates, pastor of the 
Wayne Heights congregation, 
commended the youth for this 
demonstration of their interest 
in their church. 

of the building was painted and 
a brick bulletin board and flower 
planters added to the front. 
All labor was donated, with the 
trustees and pastor putting in 
many hours of work. Other 
members of the congregation 
also helped. 

On May 4, 1980, approximately 
one year after Phase I remodel- 
ing was started, a special dedi- 
cation service was held to cele- 
brate its completion. Rev. Duane 
Dickson, pastor of the Walcrest 
Brethren Church, was the dedi- 
cation speaker. Special music 
was provided by members from 
Garber and Walcrest churches. 
John Gilmer from Park Street 
was featured on his trumpet. An 
added plus to the celebration 
was the fact that all remodeling 
and improvements to date were 
completely paid for. 

As the church grows, future 
plans include Phase II — ^building 
a large lobby onto the entrance 
with upstairs restrooms. This 
will later be followed by Phase 
III — building a new sanctuary 
and converting the old one into 

— ^Beth Barber 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Baptism of 16 concludes school year 
at Riverside School 

Lost Cre^k, Ky. — Teachers, stu- 
dents, and staff at Riverside 
Christian Training School had 
special reason to celebrate as 
their school year came to a close 
in May. Not just because school 
was out, but because Jesus 
Christ had touched their lives 
during the school year. 

God had used special men — 
Rev. Dick Austin, Bill Combs, 
Kent Fishel — special films and 

events, and the dedicated staff 
to bring about the first-time con- 
version of many students and 
the rededication of many others 
— both students and staff. 

These decisions were climaxed 
on May 9th by an interdenomina- 
tional baptismal service. The 
baptisms took place at Pan Bowl 
Lake in Jackson. 

Lorie Keck, pastor of the 
Haddix Brethren Church, led a 

Chaplain Schulti promoted; 
assigned to Indian Ocean 

Tustin, Calif. — ^Chaplain Thomas 
A. Schultz, U.S. Navy Chaplain 
for the Brethren Church, was 
recently promoted to the rank of 
Commander, in ceremonies at 
the U.S. Marine Corps Air Sta- 
tion (Helicopter), Tustin, where 
he is presently base chaplain. 

Since entering the Navy chap- 
laincy in 1969, Chaplain Schultz 
has served with Navy and 
Marine corps units at sea, in 
Japan, Vietnam, and in the 

Chaplain Schultz has recently 
been assigned to serve with the 
Naval Mobile Construction Bat- 
talion -40 (Seabees) for duty in 
the Indian Ocean at Diego 

Mrs. Schultz and their three 
sons will continue living at their 
nome in Cypress, California. 

/ % 



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Chaplain Thomas Schultz 

J. Flora to speak at Southeast 
Conference July 24-26 

Saint James, Md. — The 93rd Con- 
ference of the Southeastern Dis- 
trict of the Brethren Church will 
feature two messages by Dr. 
Jerry Flora, associate professor 
of theology at Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary, and a musical 
message of inspiration by the 
30-voice choir and brass en- 
semble of the St. James Breth- 
ren Church. The conference will 
be held July 24-26 at the Saint 
James Brethren Church. 

The conference will begin on 

Thursday evening with the mu- 
sical presentation by the Saint 
James choir and ensemble. Dr. 
Flora will present his messages 
Friday morning and evening. 

Other activities on Friday will 
include a morning business ses- 
sion, denominational presenta- 
tions after lunch, followed by 
sight-seeing tours conducted by 
Saint James personnel. A busi- 
ness session is scheduled for Sat- 
urday, the closing day of the 

short service. Then followed the 
baptisms. Thirteen were bap- 
tized by Rev. Rex McConahay, a 
member of the Riverside staff, 
assisted by Jasper Price, a dea- 
con from the Papago Park 
Brethren Church in Tempe, Ariz. 

Three had requested baptism 
by the Baptist Church. They 
were baptized by Rev. Ed 
Fugate, a member of the River- 
side staff, assisted by Rev. 
Albert Miller, a local Mennonite 
pastor and treasurer of the 
Riverside board of directors. All 
those baptized were confirmed 
by the laying on of hands in a 
chapel service on the following 

According to Nancy Hostetler, 
"We are excited about God's 
working and share with you 
these blessings He has given us. 
School may be over for this year, 
but for many here a new life in 
Jesus Christ has just begun and 
will never end!" 

Archie Nevins 
to pasfor 
Washington Church 

Washin^on, D. C— The Wash- 
ington Brethren Church has 
called Archie Nevins to be its 
new pastor. Pastor Nevins will 
present his first sermon as pas- 
tor of the church on July 20th. 
Nevins is a 1980 graduate of 



Ashland Theological Seminary, 
from which he received the mas- 
ter of divinity degree. While in 
seminary he served as pastor of 
the Columbus, Ohio, Brethren 

July 1980 



Nellie Knepper honored by 
Berlin Brethren Church 

Berlin, Pa. — Mrs. Nellie Knepper 
was honored by the Berlin 
Brethren Church and Sunday 
school April 27 for her 36 years 
of faithful service as janitress of 
the church. Sunday school 
superintendent Doyle E. Paul 
presented Mrs. Knepper a 
plaque stating the church's 
appreciation for her "labor of 
love for the Lord." 

Earlier this year Mrs. Knep- 
per was recognized for achiev- 
ing 42 years of perfect Sunday 
school attendance. On that occa- 
sion she was presented a book 
entitled Apples of Gold. 

Mrs. Knepper and her hus- 
band John shared the custodial 
responsibilities of the Berlin 
Church until his death on May 

3, 1968. She has been the cus- 
todian herself during the past 
twelve years. 

In addition to presenting Mrs. 
Knepper a plaque, superinten- 
dent Doyle Paul read a poem in 
her honor entitled "Footsteps." 
M. Geneva Altfather, one of 
Mrs. Knepper's Sunday school 
teachers, led the prayer for 
Mrs. Knepper. And Rev. Ralph 
Mills, pastor of the Berlin 
congregation, applauded Mrs. 
Knepper for her many years of 
dedicated and faithful service to 
the church and to the Lord. 

Mrs. Knepper stated that she 
had enjoyed her work and that 
she always tried to put the 
work of the church first. 

Following the worship service, 

RJnehart named AC dean 
of arts and humanities 

Ashland, Ohio — Dr. Donald R. 
Rinehart has been named dean 
of the school of arts and human- 
ities at Ashland College, effec- 
tive September 1. In this position 
he will also become a member 
of the Dean's Council, which 
heads the college's academic 

Rinehart, an associate pro- 



fessor of religion, has been a 
member of the AC faculty since 
1969. From 1977 to 1979 he 
chaired the department of 

A graduate of Ashland Col- 
lege, Rinehart also attended 

Ashland Theological Seminary, 
from which he received his 
bachelor of divinity, master of 
divinity, and doctor of ministry 
degrees. He is an ordained min- 
ister in the Brethren Church and 
served as the 1979-80 moderator 
of the Ohio District. 

Deacons and 
deaconess ordained 

Berlin, Pa. — ^Mr. Ronald Bockes 
was ordained a deacon in the 
Berlin Brethren Church on 
February 3. 

Mr. Bockes is also a trustee of 
the church and a charter mem- 
ber and past president of the 
Young Adult Class. He is Vice 
President of Operations at the 
Philson National Bank of Berlin. 

Rev. D. C. White assisted Rev. 
Mills with the ordination ser- 
vice, along with other deacons 
and deaconesses of the church. 

New Paris, Ind. — LaVerne and 
Wanda Miller were ordained as 
deacon and deaconess recently in 
the New Paris Brethren Church. 

photo by M. Geneva Altfather 

Mrs. Knepper receives a plaque 
of appreciation from Doyle Paul. 

Mrs. Knepper was also honored 
at a dinner in the Berlin Com- 
munity Building. 

Oakville women call 
church to pray 
for our nation 

Oakville, Ind. — Mrs. Sandra 
Ashton challenged the congre- 
gation of the Oakville Brethren 
Church to intense prayer con- 
cerning the fate of our nation, 
in the April 27th morning wor- 
ship service. Mrs. Ashton was 
ithe spokesperson for a group of 
ladies from the church who had 
attended a Winsome Women's 
retreat at Winona Lake, Indiana. 

The message was formulated 
by all the ladies involved and 
delivered by Mrs. Ashton. In 
the message the direction of 
our country was likened to 
Sodom and Gomorrah, which 
perished because less than one- 
tenth of one percent of their 
total population was righteous. 

The members of the Oakville 
congregation responded to Mrs. 
Ashton's delivery by spontan- 
eously rising to their feet during 
the singing of "Living for 

— Wes Ellis, pastor 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Calendar of Events 


17-19 Central Conference, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

17-19 Pennsylvania Conference, Camp Peniel 

24-26 Southeast Conference, St. James, Md. 


11-15 General Conference, Ashland 

SEPTEMBER — Publications 

13 Ohio Conference, Delaware 

OCTOBER— Ashland Colleige 

9-11 Midwest Conference, Mulvane 

NOVEMBER— Home Missions 

DECEMBER-^Christian Education 

5 Leadership Group, Ashland Park Street 

6 Exec. Committee, Ashland Park Street 

JANUARY 1981— Seminary 

25-28 National Association of Evangelicals — 
National Religious Broadcasters 
Convention, Washington, D. C. 


Paim Rene Fox to Charles E. Vance, June 27, at 
the Oak Hill, W. Va., First Brethren Church; 
William Skeldon, pastor, and Rev. Henry Hensley 
officiating. Members of the Oak Hill First 
Brethren Church. 

PBgTffy Gillespie to Mark Sloan, June 14, at the 
Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral Point, Pa.; Carl 
H. Phillips, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of 
the Vinco Brethren Church. 

Michele Jean Baker to Thomas Alan Aurandt, 
June 7, at the Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral 
Point, Pa.; Carl H. Phillips, pastor, officiating. 
Members of the Vinco Brethren Church. 
Dana JoEUen Jenkins to Thomas Wayne Wallace, 
May 31, at the Walcrest Brethren Church, Mans- 
field, Ohio; Duane Dickson, pastor, officiating. 
Beth Ann Sheehe to Kevin Lee Sapp, May 17, at 
the Walcrest Brethren Church, Mansfield, Ohio; 
Duane Dickson, pastor, officiating. Members of 
the Walcrest Brethren Church. 
Carol Marie Butala to Kevin Robert Hagerieh, May 
10, at the Conemaugh Church of the Brethren. 
Groom a member of the Vinco Brethren Church, 
Mineral Point, Pa. 

Deborah Ann Husnak to Gary Norris Walls, May 
2. Groom a member of the Vinco Brethren Church, 
Mineral Point, Pa. 

Mary Elmore to Lavone Miller, April 12, at the 
Goshen West Church of the Brethren, Rev. Robert 
Bischof, officiating. Members of the New Paris, 
Ind., Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

New Paris: 2 by baptism, 1 by transfer 
Masontown: 4 by baptism 


Buth and William Meinke, 66th, June 24. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, South Bend, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs. Don Leckey, 53rd, June 21. Members 
of the Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral Point, Pa. 

Opal and iChester More, 54th, June 20. Members of 
the First Brethren Church, South Bend, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs, Kermit Hoard, 50th, June 18. Mem- 
bers of the First Brethren Church, Waterloo, la. 

Carl and Mary Denllng-er, 59th, June 15. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio, and 
former members of the Dayton Hillcrest Brethren 

Mr. and Mrs. George A. Leidy, 57th, June 12. 
Members of the Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral 
Point, Pa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Greorig-e Bunn, 51st, June 7. Members 
of the First Brethren Church, Waterloo, la. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Ford, 56th, June 6. Mem- 
bers of the Vinco Brethren Church, Mineral Point, 

Mr. and Mrs. Dyoll Hildebrand, 53rd, May 29. 
Members of the First Brethren Church, Ashland, 

In Memory 

J. Elton Metzger, 74, May 27. Member of the Vinco 
Brethren Church, Mineral Point, Pa. Services by 
Carl H. Phillips, pastor. 

Martha Wise, 75, May 18. Member of the First 
Brethren Church, Elkhart, Ind. Services by Dan 
Gray, pastor. 

La Verne Edwards, 55, May 4. Member, deacon, and 
lay evangelist of the First Brethren Church, Lan- 
ark, 111. Services by David Cooksey, pastor. 

Mrs. Grace Jenks, 63, April 23. Member of the 
First Brethren Church, Elkhart, Ind. Services by 
Dan Gray, pastor. 

Mrs. Lettie Yoder, 91, April 17. Member of the 
First Brethren Church, Elkhart, Ind. Services by 
Rev. J. Ray Klingensmith, Dan Gray, pastor, and 
Rev. Donald Rinehart. 

John W. Davis, 72, April 11. Member of the Breth- 
ren Church, Washington, D. C. Services by Rev. 
Robert Keplinger. 

Bifs 'n Pieces 

Rev. James Black, pastor of the Hillcrest Breth- 
ren Church of Dayton, Ohio, has been asked to 
serve as one of several chaplains for the Fraternal 
Order of Police in Dayton. Rev. Black partici- 
pated in a Police Memorial Service at Courthouse 
Square in Dayton on Saturday, May 17. 

July 1980 


as i see it 

Bringing Church and College Together 

By Dr. Fred Burkey, Ashland College Director of Religious Affairs 
and Cannpus Ministry. 

WHEN an Ashland College stu- 
dent and professor want to dis- 
cuss something, they can go 
have coffee or a coke at the 
student center. A person seeking 
professional counsel can go to 
the pastor. But how can a 
church and a college talk things 
over? This question has troubled 
me ever since joining the Ash- 
land College administration two 
years ago. I have no answer, but 
I do know this: Institutions do 
not discuss anything; only peo- 
ple communicate. 

It is good to report that mes- 
sages are regularly being sent 
between people in the Brethren 
Church and Ashland College per- 
sonnel. Here are some examples. 
Just a year ago we found very 
little church-generated financial 
aid available to Brethren stu- 
dents. The existing endowed 
awards were generally small, 
and many were designated for 
pre-seminary students or were 
otherwise restricted. Thus most 
Brethren students had to rely 
entirely on their parents and on 
state and federal aid if they 
wanted to attend Ashland Col- 

We informed the church of 
the need and proposed a Breth- 
ren Scholarship Fund. Half of 
the money raised annually will 
be invested; the other half, plus 
accrued interest, will be awarded 
to Brethren students without re- 
gard to major field of study. As 
a result of the church's con- 
cerned response, grants to Breth- 
ren students increased by sixty 
percent this year over last! 

The Brethren have also led 
the way in developing a Campus 
Christian Center in Memorial 
Chaoel, contributing nearly 
$4,000.00 toward the project this 
last year. In addition, the church 
has continued respondine: to the 
need for a camnus ministry by 
investing over $20,000.00 in that 
program. And, of perhaps even 

greater importance, we have 
seen the number of Brethren 
students attending Ashland Col- 
lege exceed fifty for the first 
time in many years. 

The college, on the other 
hand, has continued its policy of 
giving unrestricted $600.00 
grants to new Brethren students 
whose grade point average is at 
least 2.5. These grants are re- 
newable annually to students 
who maintain at least a 2.0 aver- 
age in their studies. Children of 
active Brethren pastors are 
granted a forty percent tuition 
discount — a policy of long stand- 
ing. Special attention is given to 
the financial needs of our stu- 
dents, and during my two years 
with the college, not one has had 
to leave school for financial rea- 
sons even though the cost is 

As a further expression of the 
college's interest in Brethren 
students, the Offices of Re- 
ligious Affairs and Admissions 
treated the National Brethren 
Youth Council to dinner at the 
ACCENT ROOM and entertain- 
ment (supplied by Evan Briden- 
stine) last April 19. 

Concerned people are bringing 
the church and college together 
at a critical time in our history. 
The church needs trained per- 
sonnel to accomplish its mis- 
sion; the college needs quality 
Christian students to fulfill its 
primary purpose of training 
suitable persons for the gospel 

As we look forward to the 
1980-81 academic year, we have 
great expectations. Among them 
are expanded programs of teach- 
ing, worship, fellowship, and 
recreation, utilizing the rejuve- 
nated facilities in Memorial 
Chapel. Plans are being imple- 
mented for our participation in 
every major campus event, from 
new student orientation in June 
through the balance of the year. 

Our expectations were buoyed 
by the Campus Activities 
Board's recent decision to more 
than double the allocation for 
Christian activities for next 
year! We are pleased that the 
student leaders recognize the 
positive impact of the campus 
ministry and the value of the 
extracurricular programming of 
a distinctly Christian nature. 

The church and college are 
also coming together in the cru- 
cial area of personnel. Recent 
faculty and administrative ap- 
pointments announced by Presi- 
dent Shultz have gone to per- 
sons of Christian commitment 
who will contribute to the col- 
lege's primary goals in an 
exemplary way. 

Finally, I welcome the oppor- 
tunity to expand my own partici- 
pation in the life and work of 
the college beyond my original 
role as Director of Religious Af- 
fairs. In response to a query by 
the Academic Affairs Council, I 
have voluntarily assumed the 
responsibilities of non-credit 
continuing education. This is the 
best of both worlds! Now I am 
in a position to continue guiding 
the growing campus ministry 
while moving into the area of 
major emphasis in my graduate 
studies. It should be understood, 
however, that all funds con- 
tributed for Campus Ministries 
are used only for that aspect of 
my work. 

An excellent start has been 
made. If church and college con- 
tinue communicating clearly and 
working toward common object- 
ives, I am confident that God 
will bless the results of our 

The faculty, administration, 
and students thank you for your 
many expressions of support for 
Ashland College this past year. 
We look forward to seeing you 
on campus during General Con- 
ference, August 11-15! 


The Brethren Evangelist 



A Residential, Campus-Style^ Accent on the Individual, 

Cultural Study, College Preparation, 

HIGH SCHOOL PROGRAM on Ashland's Beautiful Campus 

Starting on 
September 2, 
1980, on the 
Ashland Campus, 
a new concept in 
high school education 

Ashland Academy, a co- 
educational high school 
committed to academic 
excellence. Where em- 
phasis is placed on 
cultural studies, develop- 
ing the individual, and 
Christian family living. 

The Freshman or 
Sophomore student of 
Ashland Academy will 

live on the 
campus from 
Monday to 
Friday in an 
environment designed to 
stimulate maximum 
academic excellence. 
On the Ashland College 
campus, it has its 
own faculty, advisors,' 
buildings, dorms, and 
separate learning en- 

We've prepared a 
unique brochure with all 
the facts you need to 
make a decision to begin 

your own cultural high 
school experience. 
WriW today for a copy. 
Or contact: 
Ashland Academy, 
Room 501, Bixler Hall, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
(419) 289-4119/ 

Mail to: 

Ashland Academy, 
Room 501, 
Bixler Hall, 
Ashland OH 44805 

Student Name 

Parent Name 






Current Student 

September Student Level 

n Freshman D Sophomore 


Bits 'n Pieces 

The senior and junior BYC groups of the Boaiin, 
Ind., First Brethren Ohurch held a rock-a-thon re- 
cently. The youth rocked in rocking chairs, many 
of them for 24 hours, to raise money for the na- 
tional BYC project and for the new dining hall at 
Camp Shipshewana. Members of the church and 
the youth leaders donated food, money, and time. 

The congregation of the Roann First Brethren 

Church recently purchased a property near the 
church building. The contents of a house that 
sat on the property were later auctioned off and 
the house sold, with the receipts going towards 
the purchase of the property. The land will be 
cleared for use as a parking lot for the church. 

Positions Available 

Due to expansion. Christian Haven Homes 
has these staff positions immediately available : 

1. Child care workers — couples (those with 
children accepted) are needed with a de- 
sire to minister to 11 needy and troubled 
boys in a cottage setting. 

2. Several Special Education Teachers (E.D. 
or L.D. specialties preferred) are needed 
for classroom of 10 troubled boys. Ele- 
mentary to senior high classes available. 

For job descriptions, fringe benefits, and 
salary schedules, please contact: Rev. Lange, 
Christian Haven Homes, R.R. 1, Box 17, 
Wheatfield, Ind. 46392 (219-956-3125). 

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PI* Windows on the Sunday School 


As church growth thinking influences more people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARM, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the Institute for Annerican Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Sunday school — is it worth the effort? 

Question. I'm a discouraged Sunday school 
teacher who's starting to ask if it's worth the 
effort to, week by week, prepare and study. 

Answer. I remember being in a classroom 
with perhaps eight other junior high boys, sitting 
in a small circle in a cramped, antiquated room. 
As boys of that age do, we pushed, shoved, 
punched, whispered, and talked. . .until the class 
was in constant bedlam. Our teacher, a middle- 
aged woman weighing over 200 pounds, with a 
warm face and friendly eyes, always had a large, 
well-worn Bible open across her knees as she 
taught. We knew very little about her as a per- 
son except that her husband had died some years 
before and her only son had been injured in a 
high school football accident which left him a 
lifetime cripple. 

Though I can't recall a single lesson or illustra- 
tion from that class, I can recall Sunday after 
Sunday being asked to sit beside my teacher. She 
would ask me to hold her Bible, ruler, pencils, 
lesson sheets. . .anything to keep me occupied. 
Looking back, her special attention must have 
been founded on her conclusion that I was the 
chief trouble-maker. Eventually, promotion time 
came and the class moved to another room and 
another teacher. 

The next meeting with my junior high teaCher 
came some years later and quite by chance. 

In the intervening years I had completed high 
school, served as an officer in the military, re- 
turned to finish college, and at the time was in 
seminary preparing for the ministry. During my 
first summer as a seminarian, I was working 
at a Bible conference center where one of my 
responsibilities was to meet incoming busses, wel- 
come arriving passengers, and direct them to 
their rooms. 

The incident is still vivid in my mind. 

A large yellow bus arrived. The double doors 
opened and slowly down the steps came my 
junior high Sunday school teacher. She had aged, 
but her wrinkled face was still warm and 
friendly. Reaching the last step she looked up 
and saw me. She remembered! With tears flow- 
ing down her cheeks she hugged me with a 200 
pound hug and between sobs kept repeating, "It 
was worth it all. . . It was worth it all!" 

The Sunday school played an important part 
in bringing me to faith and discipleship, as it has 

played an important part in the lives of count- 
less others. Who can deny that since its inception 
200 years ago, the Sunday school movement has 
been greatly blessed of God for winning and 
nurturing people in the Christian faith? 

There is, I believe, a new day coming for the 
Sunday school. This new day is being hastened 
as church growth concepts are being applied. It's 
not new methods that are needed, but new pur- 
pose! Expect from us in the near future a new 
book on this very topic. 'Til then, keep exercising 
the gifts God has given you. . .and find joy and 
fulfillment He wants you to have. 

Question. I've been asked to teach a Sunday 
school class but am uncertain. What do you 

Answer. Discover if you have the gift of 
teaching. . .a gift which I define as "the special 
ability God gives to certain members of the Body 
to communicate information in such a way that 
students both understand the Word in terms of 
what it says and apply its meaning in and 
through their lives." If you have the gift for 
teaching — use it! If you don't have the gift for 
teaching, do not feel guilty, but find what you 
are gifted to do — and do it! 

Membership Growth 

Sarasota: 4 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

County Line: 4 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

North Manchester: 8 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Bits 'n Pieces 

Members of the Senior BYC of the Flora, Ind., 
First Brethren Churoh spent the weekend of June 
6-8 camping at Brown County State Park in In- 
diana. They were accompanied by their pastor. 
Rev. Alvin Grumbling, and by their sponsors, Don 
and Sue Clingenpeel. 

The youth raised money for the camping trip 
by holding a car wash, from which they made 
$181.00, and by preparing a chili supper, which 
brought in a free will offering of $133.75. 

The WMS No. 1 of the Flora, Indiana, First 
Brethren Ohurch recently bought three dozen hos- 
pital gowns and presented them to the Flora, Ind., 
Brethren's Home. Cost of the gowns was $110,00. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

The Brefhren 


In its 1 02nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor; 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805, 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75^ 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
foim provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


Pictured are (clockwise from 
top right) part of the beginners' 
class, the senior high class, the 
beginners' class, the midler class, 
part of the primary class, and the 
Truthseekers' class at Park Street 
Brethren Church. 

Photos by Brad Weidenhamer 

Vol. 102, No. 8 

August 1980 

4 Sunday School — an Idea That Persists 

In spite of its failures. Brad Weidenhamer finds the Sunday 
school to be the most important education arm of the church. 

8 Sunday School and the Bible 

According to Wesley R. Willis, Sunday schools must teach the 
Bible if they are to make a significant contribution to the life 
of the church. 

t m*w t 

Focusing on the Word 

10 Living Up to Our Calling 

Unity and maturity are key ideas in this exposition of Ephesians 
4:1-16 by Brian Moore. 

> ^hW < 

13 Wanted: Old Photos 

for the Brethren Encyclopedia 

14 Two Home Mission Churches 

Dedicate New Buildings 

Progress reports on the Brandon Brethren Church and the 
Medina Bible Fellowship. 

t ^•» < 

2 People Are Asking 

19 The Salt Shaker 

20 Update 
25 Books 


As almost everyone knows who attends Sunday school or church, 
this year the Sunday school celebrates its 200th birthday. In recogni- 
tion of this fact, this issue of The Brethren Evangelist is focusing 
on the Sunday school, with two feature articles dealing with this 
subject. In addition, this month's "People Are Asking. . ." column 
(on the opposite page) also looks at the value of the Sunday school. 

This focus on the Sunday school coincides with the celebration 
planned for Wednesday evening of General Conference. At that time 
Brethren people will celebrate the birthday of tJte Sunday school at a 
party sponsored by the national Board of Christian Education. 

The official observance of the 200th anniversary of the Sunday 
school is October 5th. In honor of that occasion, the October 
Evangelist will carry an article by Dr. Richard Allison about Robert 
Raikes, the founder of the Sunday school. 

August 1980 



that Persis 

Article and photographs by Bradley E. Weidenhamer. 

ROUTE 42 from Ashland, Ohio, to Cleve- 
land winds its way through small 
towns and across the countryside of north- 
ern Ohio. Thirty years ago, before little 
Billy could have understood how to travel 
that route to Cleveland and before he could 
have named all the towns along the way, 
he already knew about the paths of Pales- 
tine, the road from Jerusalem to Jericho, 
the beauty of the Sea of Galilee, and the 
flowing waters of the Jordan River. He 
knew these places — even though he had 
never seen them — because he had been a 
regular attender at Sunday school. 

In his classes Billy had seen maps of 
Palestine. He had learned about the divi- 
sion of the land among the twelve tribes of 
Israel. He had seen where the Philistines 
lived. He had viewed pictures of the area 
where Jesus grew up. He knew what the 
Dead Sea looked like, as well as the arid 
nature of the wilderness. And he knew the 
names of the important towns in Palestine. 

Little Billy's experience has probably 
been the experience of many of us. We saw 
pictures and studied maps of the Holy Land 
almost before we ever left our own home 
towns. As a result, the Sunday school has 
made a significant mark on our lives. In 
fact, I would imagine that we don't even 
really realize its full impact upon us. We 
tend to take it for granted since it continues 
on Sunday after Sunday. 

The Sunday school has been around for 
two hundred years. Thousands and thou- 
sands of people have expended a tremendous 
amount of energy and activity in sustaining 
its life. And yet, it has been one of the most 
maligned and criticized organizations within 
the church structure. 

Rev. Weidenhamer is librarian for Ashland 
Theological Seminary. He is also church school 
superintendent and minister of music at the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church. 

''The Sunday school is dying!" ''Let's 
bury the Sunday school and start anew!" 
Comments such as these have been heard 
more than once. Someone, several years ago, 
labeled it "the most wasted hour of the 

But the Sunday school has not died. Nor 
has it been replaced by a flashy, up-to-date, 
computerized teaching machine which can 
be hooked up to the potential learner. No- 
body, to this date, has developed an effec- 
tive alternative to the Sunday school. 

Some Sunday schools are extremely large, 
with thousands of members. Others are 
very small, struggling to survive. Many 
Sunday schools have serious problems. But 
nevertheless, most Sunday schools, large or 
small, are led by dedicated, caring people 
who believe that this institution is an ap- 
propriate and worthwhile means of carrying 
on at least a part of the church's educa- 
tional activity. 

Sunday school Is based on 
the teaching ministry of Jesus 

The concept of the Sunday school is 
based on the teaching ministry of Jesus and 
upon the statements of the Apostles. 
Matthew 4:23 tells us that "Jesus went 
throughout Galilee, teaching in their syna- 



In Matthew 7:28 we read. 

"When Jesus had finished saying these 
things, the crowds were amazed at his 
teaching, because he taught as one who had 
authority. . . ." Matthew 11:1 says, "After 
Jesus had finished instructing his twelve 
disciples, he went on from there to teach 
and preach in the towns of Galilee." Then 
in Matthew 28:19-20 Jesus instructed His 
disciples, "Therefore go and make disciples 
of all nations, baptizing them. . .and teach- 
ing them to obey everything I have com- 
manded you. ..." I could go on and on list- 
*A11 Scripture quotations are from The New 
International Version of the Bible. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"I walked into a class of 
two and three year olds 
and saw some children, 
singing about Jesus' 
love for them. . . /' 

ing other passages in the Gospels that tell 
us that Jesus went around teaching people. 

The New Testament letters also include 
many references by the Apostles to the 
necessity of teaching. Paul told Timothy, 
'*Until I come, devote yourself to the public 
reading of Scripture, to preaching and to 
teaching" (I Tim. 4:13). Later, in his sec- 
ond letter to Timothy, Paul exhorts him, 
''And the things you have heard me say in 
the presence of many witnesses entrust to 
reliable men who will also be qualified to 
teach others" (II Tim. 2:2). 

Instruction in the faith has always been 
a critical concern of the church. The Sun- 
day school has developed as one method of 
imparting the faith of the gospel to succeed- 
ing generations. Paul passed the teaching 
tradition of the faith on to Timothy. I am 
sure that Timothy and his contemporaries, 
in turn, passed it along to the next 

Jesus is the focus; 
The Bible Is the textbook 

But what is the subject or the focus of 
the teaching experience? It is the same 
for us as it was for the early church. The 
Sunday school in 1980 is a place where Jesus 
Christ is proclaimed as Lord and Savior 
and where people find out that a loving God 
cares for them and has provided a way for 
them to gain everlasting life with Him. 

To us this means that the Holy Scriptures 
must form the core of the teaching activity. 
It is as we study the Bible that we discover 
God's plan of salvation for His creation. It 
is as we study the Bible that we discover 
the lives of the great men and women of 
faith who inspire us to greater efforts. It is 
as we study the Bible that we discover the 
words of Jesus and begin to apply that part 
of the Great Commission which says, 
". . .teaching them to obey everything I 
have commanded you. . . ." Yes, the Bible 

was the textbook in 1780, and it's still the 
textbook in 1980. It is the basis for our 
proclamation of the Living Word, Jesus 

But I also need to say that the Sunday 
school is NOT the ONLY teaching arm of 
the congregation. When Paul wrote to Tim- 
othy a second time, he spoke in very per- 
sonal terms to the young Christian. In II 
Timothy 1:5 Paul said: ''I have been re- 
minded of your sincere faith, which first 
lived in your grandmother Lois and in your 
mother Eunice and, I am persuaded, now 
lives in you also." What a beautiful picture 
of the passing along of a personal faith 
from generation to generation ! 

I am sure that there must have been what 
we would call "teaching" done in this pro- 
gression from Lois to Eunice to Timothy. 
How wonderful it would be if we parents 
could pass along our faith to our children 
simply by teaching them at home the truths 
of the Bible and enabling them to experience 
the Savior! But you and I know that some 
parents need more help in the faith than 
their children need. The Christian faith 
needs to be taught in the home, but many 
times, unfortunately, this does not happen. 
This is one more reason why we must have 
Sunday schools. 

Sunday school is not enough 

But one hour a week is not enough ! Never 
assume that the Sunday school alone can 
satisfy all the Christian education needs of 
the congregation. Most of our young people 
spend seven to eight hours, five days a 
week, nine months per year in a secularized, 
humanistic public school. Sometimes Chris- 
tian influence is demonstrated there, some- 
times it is not. Many adults spend at least 
forty hours a week in a secular job where 
Christian influence is minimal at best. 

So we need more than the Sunday school. 
We need Christian teaching in the home. 
We need vacation Bible school. We need 

August 1980 

worship services, because we learn as we 
worship. We need Sisterhood for girls, 
Brotherhood for boys. We need the 
Woman's Missionary Society and Laymen's 
fellowships. We need home Bible studies, 
breakfast Bible studies, church Bible 
studies. We need to provide many opportun- 
ities in our fellowship for Christian educa- 
tion to take place. We must all recognize the 
limits of the Sunday school. It is perhaps 
the most significant Christian education 
arm of the church, but it is not the only 
Christian education agency. 

Sunday school is a place 
where people find acceptance 

Continuing on, I want to say that one of 
the most important aspects of the Sunday 
school is that it is a place where people find 
acceptance and build relationships. This 
happens at every age level — children, youth, 
and adults. 

In a beginners' class of four and five year 
olds, the teacher was moving from play time 
to Bible study time. She came to Johnny 
and said, "Johnny, would you help me put 
your blocks away?" Now Johnny was busy 
with those blocks, and he had no intention 
of giving them up. The teacher's suggestion 
really upset him, and he yelled, "No!" She 
smiled at him, "Johnny, some days I feel 
like that myself," she said, "Today I'll help 
you, and maybe next Sunday you'll help 

Johnny watched her put the blocks away. 
She finished and turned away. He picked 
up a block and threw it at her ! Picking him 
up, she said, "Johnny, I know that you're 
angry with me, and there's nothing wrong 
with that. But I can't let you hurt anybody. 
We all have to learn to talk with our mouths 
and not with our hands. I want to hold you 
till we both feel better about ourselves." 

In a few moments Johnny stopped 
screaming and relaxed, so the teacher let 

him go join the other children. But Johnny 
went to a corner of the room. As she began 
to tell the Bible story, however, Johnny 
slowly moved toward the group. All at once 
he plopped himself right into the teacher's 
lap, interrupted her story as he looked into 
her eyes and said, "I like you." Johnny was 
never much of a discipline problem in Sun- 
day school after that. 

A Sunday school class in 1980 should be 
a place where each of us, and any who 
would come into our midst, can find accept- 
ance. As we accept one another we can help 
each other grow in Christ-likeness. A Sun- 
day school class is one of the toughest situ- 
ations any teacher can face. This is because 
in any given class, at any age level, a 
teacher will face a group of people who are 
in varying stages of spiritual, emotional, 
and psychological development. This means 
that it is critical for us to accept others in 
our classes and to attempt to develop open 
and honest relationships which show that 
we really care about them and their growth 
as persons and as Christians. 

Maybe little Johnny had never learned 
anything but selfishness, anger, and retalia- 
tion up to that point in his life when he had 
the confrontation with his teacher. It would 
have been very easy for the teacher to have 
rejected him then. But she persisted in her 
loving concern for him, and it brought 
about good results. 

I believe that I have seen some illustra- 
tions of this loving concern and acceptance 
in many Brethren Sunday school classes. 
On numerous occasions members have 
shown love, care, and concern for one an- 
other — many times in some very practical 
ways. But we always need to be willing to 
allow this attitude to influence our conduct, 
for as we reach out to the unchurched, new 
people will enter our fellowship. Can we en- 
compass them with our acceptance and 
Christian love? A Sunday school class is a 

t< v;<^^jw. 

. . . one of the most 
iTYiportant aspects of the 
Sunday school is that it is 
a place where people 
find acceptance and build 

i ^'* 1 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"I walked into the primary w^ 
department and saw ^^ 

some children wearing 
headphones, . . .listening 
to a recorded Bible 
story ivhich they would 
discuss later that 
morning J' 

great place for this to happen. Let us con- 
tinue to have an attitude of loving accept- 
ance and caring concern in our Sunday 
school classes. 

Sunday school is for adul+s too 

One of the most important areas in which 
this needs to happen is in the adult classes. 
Adults are extremely important to the Sun- 
day school. One of the most devastating 
viewpoints we can take toward the Sunday 
school is that it is ''only for the children." 
In the 1780's this was true ; in the 1980's it 
is not. The Sunday school quickly grew in 
its scope and attempted to embrace the en- 
tire age range of the congregation. 

We need adults for two reasons. First, 
we need them to be leaders of the Sunday 
school. Where do our teachers and Christian 
education board members and administra- 
tors come from? They come out of the 
ranks of the Christian adults who feel a 
burden for sharing the faith and helping 
others learn about it. 

Secondly, we need adults studying the 
Word. I doubt that any of us adults would 
say that we can ever know too much about 
God's Word. I doubt that any of us adults 
will say today that we are perfect Chris- 
tians, living lives entirely consistent with 
the teachings of Jesus in our attitudes and 
behavior. God is constantly willing to shed 
more light on His Word for us through the 
Holy Spirit as we become involved in educa- 
tional situations as adults. 

This brings me to my final point. The Sun- 
day school in 1980 is a place where the 
Christian finds the nurture that is necessary 
to his or her spiritual growth. It is a lifelong 
task for each of us. Our goal is spiritual 
maturity, Christ-likeness. This need does 
not vanish when we reach eighteen years 
of age. 

I believe that the adult Sunday school 
classes in Brethren congregations today of- 
fer us some wonderful opportunities to grow 

in our faith. They offer us an opportunity to 
become more knowledgeable about the Bible. 
They offer us an opportunity to become 
more knowledgeable about the great doc- 
trines of our faith. They offer us a chance 
to become more knowledgeable about our 
heritage as Brethren. They offer us an op- 
portunity to learn how to live a daily walk 
with God. They offer us a chance to learn 
how to demonstrate the love of Christ to- 
ward others. They offer us all kinds of 
''growing" opportunities. But we cannot 
take advantage of these opportunities if we 
do not attend. My desire and prayer is that 
each of us — child, young person, or adult — 
would recognize the critical importance of 
involving ourselves in the ongoing ministry 
of the Sunday school, which offers to help 
us grow in our faith. 

The Sunday school is this and much more. 
I have not been able in this article to explore 
the gift of teaching, the needs of students, 
the possibilities of a more effective Sunday 
school. And, of course, there are problems. 
The Sunday school always will have prob- 
lems since we humans are involved in it. 
But the potential of the Sunday school in 
1980 is as great as it has ever been. 

I walked into a class of two and three 
year olds and saw some children gathered 
around a piano singing about Jesus' love for 
them, using hand motions and rhythm in- 
struments. I walked into a four and five 
year old class and saw ten youngsters act- 
ing out the story of Jesus calming the storm 
on the Sea of Galilee. I walked into the pri- 
mary department and saw some children 
wearing headphones. They were listening to 
a recorded Bible story which they would 
discuss later that morning. I could go on 
and on. But the point is that the Sunday 
school is an idea that persists! Let us de- 
termine together that we will expend what- 
ever energy is necessary to make our Sun- 
day schools an effective agency of Christian 
education that can nurture the lives of our 
people for years to come. D 

August 1980 

SUNDAY SCHOOL ought to be one of a 
church's strongest programs. It can 
contribute to the ministry of the church 
only as it is seen in the context of the mis- 
sion of the church, and as the leaders help 
all church members understand the role 
Sunday school plays. 

But the actual process of building a 
strong Sunday school takes dedication and 

The first lesson that we need to learn is 
that Sunday school can be successful only 
when it is characterized by effective teach- 
ing that emphasizes the Bible. The content 
of the Sunday school curriculum has to be 
the absolute truth of God's Word. The be- 
ginning of the recorded decline in Sunday 
school attendance corresponded with the 
liberal emphasis in curriculum materials. 
During this period the Bible content in 
the materials was replaced with other 

James D. Murch wrote, 'Ture Chris- 
tianity has always insisted on an educated 
constituency — one that knows basic doc- 

Dr. Wesley R. Willis is Executive Vice-President 
of Scripture Press Ministries of Glen Ellyn, 111. He 
will speak at the Board of Christian Education 
presentation on Thursday afternoon of this years 
General Conference and will serve as resource 
person for the ABCT luncheon on Friday. 

Sunday School 


tho Bible 

by Wesley R. Willis 

trine, why Christian beliefs are superior to 
other beliefs, that knows its basic ethical 
code and is intent on winning others to 
Christ" (Teach or Perish, p. 64). When this 
knowledge of biblical content is weak, Chris- 
tianity is weak. When Christians are illiter- 
ate, they are immature, and the church will 
be fragmented and ineffective. 

The Apostle Paul stressed the need for 
Bible knowledge in II Timothy 3:16-17: ''All 
Scripture is inspired by God and profitable 
for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for 
training in righteousness; that the man of 
God may be adequate, equipped for every 
good work." Notice that Paul identified four 
specific contributions of the Bible. It is 
profitable for teaching, for reproof, for cor- 
rection, for training in righteousness. 


If we were to picture the Christian life as 
a journey along a road with a fork in it, we 
could plot these four categories of profit- 
ability on that road. The first function, 
teaching, is to help us know what direction 
we should take. It is the basic guidance in 
living the Christian life. 

But we must make a decision when con- 
fronted with a fork in the road. Suppose 
God wants us to take the right-hand road 
when we come to the fork, but instead we 
take the left-hand road. This is where the 
second function comes into play. The Word 
is profitable for reproof, that is, telling us 
when we have made a wrong decision, and 
when we have gotten sidetracked. 

However, once we know that we have 
made a mistake, we have to get back on the 


The Brethren Evangelist 

''If we really want our Sunday schools to make a sig- 
nificant contribution to the life of the church, we must 
begin by teaching the Bible/' 

right road. This is where the third function 
of the Bible can be experienced. Scripture 
is profitable for correction. Correction is 
helping us get back on the right road once 
we have recognized our error. 

Finally, after getting back on the right 
road, we need to continue making progress 
along the way. The fourth function of the 
Bible relates to that continued progress. 
After heading in the right direction, finding 
out that we made a wrong turn, and then 
getting back on the right road. Scripture is 
profitable for training in FighteoesnesSc The 
Bible helps us continue to make progress 
in righteous living. 

The end result of this application of 
Scripture is that the Christian will be ade- 
quate to do what God desires. He will be 
equipped to do the good works that God 
expects. But these experiences will be im- 
possible without a knowledge of the content 
of the Bible. 

Sunday school must stress teaching the 
entire Bible. It is only as Christians teach 
the Word that they fulfill the commands of 
God. Paul emphasized in the previous chap- 
ter (II Tim. 2:2) that it is the responsibility 
of a Christian to pass along to others the 
things that he has learned from the Word 
of God. As the church instructs its mem- 
bers, it becomes a vital growing church. 

If we really want our Sunday schools to 
make a significant contribution to the life 
of the church, we must begin by teaching 
the Bible. And we must teach it systematic- 
ally, utilizing comprehensive biblical cur- 
riculum materials. But there is a corollary 
to this concept. We must also employ effec- 
tive techniques of communication. For 
teaching that obscures truth is worse than 
no teaching at all. 

Teachers need resources to enable them 
to teach effectively and communicate 
clearly. A teacher who is committed to do- 
ing an excellent job will be delighted when 
high quality resources are provided by the 
church. But unfortunately, good resources 
will not compensate for a lazy teacher. And 
many times students are bored or confused 
by poorly prepared teachers. 

1. Preparation. One curriculum publisher 
conducted a study to determine the average 
length of time spent in preparation by 
teachers using its materials. The report was 

that the average teacher spent just 15 min- 
utes in preparation. This means that if the 
class was 45 minutes long, the teacher pre- 
pared 3 times faster than he taught! This 
is hardly the attitude of the apostles re- 
corded in Acts 6:2: "It is not desirable for 
us to neglect the Word of God in order to 
serve tables." So they appointed men to 
care for those other functions and concluded 
in Acts 6:4: ''But we will devote ourselves 
to prayer, and to the ministry of the Word." 
The teacher spending 15 minutes a week in 
preparation does not expect to see the re- 
sults that the apostles experienced. 

Frank E. Gaebelein concluded, ''Chris- 
tians today are notoriously lazy-minded. Too 
often the Protestant layman relies solely 
upon his minister for the understanding 
and, if the truth be told, even for the read- 
ing of his Bible (The Pattern of God's 
Truth, Moody Press, 1960, p. 45). 

This laziness is nowhere more evident 
than in the Sunday school classroom. Cur- 
riculum publishers are finding it necessary 
to simplify lesson materials because teach- 
ers are not willing to take the time to pre- 
pare deeply. 

2. Methodology. One outcome of adequate 
preparation is effective teaching method- 
ology. To be truly effective in Sunday school 
teaching, a teacher must take advantage of 
the opportunities that are available for 
group interaction. There are many methods 
that can be used to secure active involve- 
ment. Discussion, question/answer, and 
other methods that draw out student re- 
sponse are ideally suited to Sunday school 
instruction. George Herbert wrote many 
years ago in the Country Parson: "At ser- 
mons and at prayers men may sleep or 
wander, but when one is asked a question, 
he must disclose what he is" (Trumbull, 
Yale Lectures, p. 91). 

The Bible is the most important content 
in the world, and it has to be the basis of 
all Sunday school instruction. With a mes- 
sage so important, it is imperative that we 
devote adequate time and planning to our 
teaching so that the message of the Bible 
can be communicated as effectively as 
possible. n 

This article has been adapted from 200 YEARS— AND STILL 
COUNTING!, a book by Wesley R. Willis, Victor Books, Wheaton, 
Illinois. Copyright 1979. Used by permission. 

August 1980 


Focusing on the Word 

Living Up to Our Callin; 

An exposition of Ephesians 4:1-16, by Brian H. Moore, 

WHEN we come to the fourth chapter 
of this grand letter to the Ephesians, 
we turn a corner. Suddenly, instead of con- 
tinuing his lofty teaching about the plan of 
God, the wisdom of God, the love of God, 
and the purposes of God, Paul appeals di- 
rectly to the readers to begin making some 
changes in their lives. There are no com- 
mands in the first three chapters of this 
book. In this chapter, there are six com- 
mands in the first three verses alone! That 
makes an impact! (Try reading through 
Ephesians with just this in mind and dis- 
cover that impact personally!) 

The very first verse of chapter four is 
the gateway to the remainder of this letter. 
The single word ''therefore" calls us back 
to all that has been said thus far. The 
appeal, ''live a life worthy of the calling you 
have received,"* embraces all the remainder 
of the letter. From this point on, all that 
Paul says is a development of this idea: 
Live up to your calling as a Christian. 

What is the calling of which Paul speaks ? 
When the King James Version translates 
this as "vocation," we must remember that 
this has nothing to do with our usual mean- 
ing of the word. He is not referring to our 
occupation at all. Our occupation is how we 
oarn our daily bread, but our vocation is to 
b3 disciples of Jesus Christ. Our calling, 
then, is to know Jesus Christ, to know and 

*Scripture quotations are from The New Inter- 
national Version of the Bible, unless otherwise 

Rev. Moore is pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Ardmore, South Bend, Ind. He is also 
Moderator-Elect of General Conference and will 
assume the position of Moderator at the conclusirn 
of Conference this month. 


experience the grace of God, to be a child 
of God, to be one with His own people, to 
inherit His kingdom, to be a messenger of 
the unsearchable riches of Christ, and to 
lay hold on the love, power, and wisdom of 
God (chapters 1-3). In the light of all this, 
live a life which accords with it, which re- 
flects it, which is a dynamic response to 
God's graciousness. 

I believe that this main command ought 
to be applied primarily to a local church 
and not to individuals, even though it cer- 
tainly has individual implications. We as a 
local church will be living up to our calling 
to the degree that we are doing the 
following : 

L Exhibiting Unity 

Verses 1-6 

One of Paul's first concerns is that the 
church, in light of all of God's revealed 
goodness, should strive for unity. His ap- 
peal is urgent: "Make every effort" to keep 
unity (v. 3). The verb form suggests con- 
tinuous activity in order to realize the unity 
which the Spirit gives. Notice our responsi- 
bility alongside God's responsibility in this 
matter: The Spirit achieves the unity and 
believers are to maintain what He gives. 
(It is tragic, in the face of these words, to 
see the person and work of the Holy Spirit 
involved in so much congregational disunity. 
With this text before us, such phenomena 
are worse than ironic!) 

But the climate for this unity is all- 
important. Two basic tendencies threaten 
unity: First, we tend to insist on our own 
way. Second, we tend to insist that others 
go our way, too. Both of these are a form 
of pride, one of the seven deadly sins which 

The Brethren Evangelist 

kills many things, and especially Christian 

Therefore Paul introduces his appeal for 
unity with a plea for virtues which will pro- 
vide the climate for unity; lowliness (for 
pride, as we said, lurks behind all discord) ; 
meekness (true strength of character under 
control, the gentleness of the strong) ; pa- 

"God's people have more 
in common than any other 
group of people on earth; more 
than employees, neighbors, 
the club, a political party, 
even family members and 
fraternal groups.'' 

tience (tolerance toward aggravating peo- 
ple) ; longsuffering (mutual forbearing) ; 
and love (the crown of all virtues). In other 
words, the climate for unity is the estab- 
lishment of a caring community of people 
who know how to accept and support one 

But the real strength for unity is not 
found merely in our ability to get along with 
one another. There is a basic constitution 
of unity, the seven-fold oneness of the peo- 
ple of God: one body, one Spirit, one hope, 
one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God 
and Father who is sovereign and supreme. 

God's people have more in common than 
any other group of people on earth; more 
than employees, neighbors, the club, a po- 
litical party, even family members and 
fraternal groups. Most of these groups have 
one or two things in common — they would 
have to have a vivid imagination to find 
seven. Yet the church sometimes behaves 
as though it had less in common than these 
groups! Unity is not built on vapor; it has 
real substance. The church will be living up 
to its calling when it exhibits that unity 
founded on God. 

IL Expressing Diversity 

Verses 7- 1 2a 

The church will also be living up to its 
calling when it expresses the variety and 
rich diversity God has built into it. From the 
"all of us" of verse six, Paul now turns to 
the ''each of us" of verse seven. Unity is not 
a colorless conformity of members as if we 
were copies made from celestial Thermo- 
Fax! No, God has gifted His church with 
a rich and exciting diversity! In chapter 
two Paul spoke of saving grace; here he 

speaks of serving grace, distributed to each 
member of the body. The whole church, 
therefore, is a charismatic community be- 
cause it is the body of Christ and each 
member has a gift (charisma) to exercise. 

Notice the origin of these gifts : They are 
apportioned by the ascended Jesus Christ. 
In Romans 12 they are spoken of as the 
gifts of God the Father. In I Corinthians 
they are referred to as gifts of the Spirit. 
Hence, it would be equally proper to speak 
of them as Christian gifts, godly gifts, or 
spiritual gifts. The work of the Trinity is 
seen in all the expressions. In this context 
the emphasis is on Jesus Christ, who equips 
His church. 

Notice, also, the order of these gifts. He 
gave gifted people to function in various 
capacities within the body. The apostles 
and prophets laid the foundation (2:20), 
while evangelists (good news bearers) and 
pastors and teachers continue an active 
ministry in every age. This, of course, is not 
an exhaustive list of the gifts the Lord gives 
to His church. (In fact, neither is any other 
single listing of the gifts, because they are 
all different.) 

The really crucial matter in this context 
is the objectives of these gifts, the purpose 
for which these gifted men were given to 
the church. That objective is stated in verse 
twelve: "to prepare God's people for works 
of service." These four (or perhaps five, if 
you divide pastors and teachers) kinds of 
leaders were given to equip the saints for 
the work of ministry. Their task is to draw 
out the rich diversity which is latent in the 
gifted members of the body of Christ so that 
all the members might perform the ministry 
of the church. 

This ministry belongs to the members, 
not just to "the officials" or the ordained 
ones. The role of the pastor/teacher and the 
evangelist, then, is not to do all the work 
of ministry, but to equip the body to do that 
work. Instead of monopolizing the ministry, 
they multiply the ministry. (Notice, the 
text states that evangelists also are given 
to equip all of God's people for the work of 
ministry. Evangelists are not given pri- 
marily to hold crusades, do personal evan- 
gelism, etc. They, along with pastors/ 
teachers, equip others for this ministry.) 

Yet, clericalism (the ministry of "the 
minister") is deeply imbedded in the church 
of our day. "The minister's" prayers sup- 
posedly carry more "clout" than the prayers 
of other members. "The minister" is the 
counselor-in-residence, the worship leader, 
the representative in community affairs, the 
administrator of the program, the soul win- 
ner, Mr. Everything in the church program 
and life! Many pastors like it this way be- 

AUGUST 1980 


cause it helps them to keep control of the 
life of the church. It also gives them a great 
amount of ego-satisfaction to think that 
they are indispensable to the work of the 
congregation. But as long as the ministry 
of the body of Christ is tied up in "the 
minister," the ministry will struggle for 
survival and so will the church ! 

We have yet, on a wide scale, to unleash 
the power of this biblical model for ministry 
in this generation. We have theorized about 
it and visualized what it might look like in 
our situation. But we as pastors and laity 
have remained reluctant to really give it 
wings and let it fly ! The ministry still looks 
like an inverted pyramid with the pastor at 
the bottom. If his church grows, he just has 
that much more weight to carry. And there 
really is a limit to what one person can do. 
(Even Alexei, the Russian strong-man, can 
only lift so much!) We have some growing 
to do in this area in order to be truly living 
up to our calling. 

III. Experiencing Maturity 
Verses I 2b- 1 6 

Maturity in the body of Christ is the real 
goal of all that has been said about unity, 
gifts, and body ministry. This passage 
reaches its climactic point with reference to 
attaining spiritual manhood in Jesus Christ. 
The goal is to grow up to be like Him. In 
his book Call to Discipleship, Juan Carlos 
Ortiz tells how he came to realize that his 
growing church was producing only more 
spiritual babies. They would come together 
each week for their dose of bottle-fed milk, 
their spoon-fed fare of spiritual pabulum. 
The church was only a delivery-room and 
nursery! Then new priorities were estab- 
lished to concentrate on maturing the be- 
lievers. As a result an exciting thing hap- 
pened: while the babies matured, the 
church continued to produce more babies. 
It continued to grow! 

A. Marks of Innnnaturity 

What are some marks of immaturity in 
the church membership? First, like babies, 
immature members prefer entertainment to 
work. When do the crowds show up? When 
there is a musical program or a movie ! Use 
some entertaining gimmick and your at- 
tendance will swell! And how pleased we 
record-keepers are to have so many bodies 
in the building at one time! 

A second mark of immaturity is that a 
member cannot do what he should for his 
age. At certain stages of development a per- 
son should be able to do certain things: 
crawl, stand, walk, feed himself, have teeth. 

''Mature saints know what 
they believe, where they stand. 
They know the Bible and 
hold fast to it,'' 

be potty-trained, etc. How long have we 
been at this business of being a Christian? 
One year ? Five years ? Twenty years ? Forty 
years? Can we do what we should do for 
our age ? Are we acting our spiritual age ? 

B. Signs of Maturity 

What are some signs that we are expe- 
riencing maturity in our local church body? 
First, members will have stable convictions 
(v. 14). Little children believe almost any- 
thing an adult tells them. Similarly, a spirit- 
ually immature person does not know how 
to distinguish truth from error, fact from 
fancy, when it comes to sound doctrine. An 
immature person chases one spiritual fad 
after another. He gets all excited about the 
latest book which is reputed to be popular. 
His opinions are based on the last preacher 
he heard. He gets all excited about some 
new speaker or emphasis and runs after 
these teachings. 

Immature Christians are like unanchored 
boats on a stormy sea, tumbleweeds on the 
western Kansas prairie: tossed about, un- 
settled. Mature saints know what they be- 
lieve, where they stand. They know the Bible 
and hold fast to it. They are open to grow 
and expand their knowledge, but they have 
a solid point of reference from which to 
discern the issues and grow in desired 

Second, mature Christians will have 
strong relationships (v. 15). A maturing 
body of believers will know how to minister 
the ''truth in love." They will have dis- 
covered the fine balance between truth and 
love: "truth becomes hard when not 
softened by love; love becomes soft if it is 
not strengthened by truth."* A maturing 
body of Christ is not pretentious ; it is truth- 
ful. But it is not harsh and cold ; it is loving. 
Strong relationships in the presence of 
stable convictions marks the maturing 

Third, there will be solid growth (v. 16). 
This verse is not a short course in anatomy 

*John R. W. Stott, God's New Society (Downers 
Grove, 111.: InterVarsity Press, 1980), p. 172. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

and physiology ! It is a brief account of how 
the body of Christ grows. The Good News 
Bible states it this way: "So when each 
separate part works as it should, the whole 
body grows and builds itself up through 
love." Growth is normal for a healthy body. 
The body will increase in size and maturity 
when it is functioning properly. I believe 
that we have for too long aimed at growth 
for its own sake (numerical growth, that 
is) . But numerical growth, if implied here at 
all, flows out of the life of the body which 
is maturing. Most of the present programs 
in the churches are not geared for equipping 

for ministry nor for maturity. Biblical 
priorities require that we set Christian ma- 
turity as the goal and let growth come out 
of that maturity. Our cute little programs 
for sudden increases leave us with a deep 
sense of frustration when we see the spirit- 
ually immature going out the ''back door"! 
All these things, then, are part and parcel 
of living up to our calling : exhibiting unity, 
expressing diversity, and experiencing ma- 
turity. As a people of the Word, let us 
strive and struggle to get these biblical 
priorities into the heart and lifestream of 
our churches, **to the praise of His glory." 


for the Brethren Encyclopedia 

DO you have old photos of baptisms, love- 
feasts, church services, meetinghouses, 
district meetings, or Annual Meetings? Of 
elders and other local, district, and brother- 
hood leaders? 

Do you have old family photographs that 
show the plain clothing styles of men, 
women, and children? 

Do you have old photos that show the 
home life of Brethren families — scenes in- 
side the home, people working in the 
kitchen? That show the farm life of the 
Brethren — pictures of barns, people with 
farm animals, people working in the fields? 
That show Brethren at work in other pro- 
fessions ? That show life in a Brethren com- 
munity — people gathered at the country 
store, horses and buggies in the street, mills, 
shops, and other establishments where 
Brethren did business? 

Do you have engravings or artwork of 
Brethren scenes? 

The editors of the Brethren Encyclopedia 
are undertaking a search to find graphic 
materials of historical value that are not 
already in the collections at Ashland, Elgin, 
Bethany, and the Brethren colleges. We 
are especially interested in photos taken 
before World War II and particularly before 

We are asking you to send us photos for 
possible publication in the Brethren Ency- 
clopedia. If we select your photo for the 
Encyclopedia, it will be copied in the Breth- 
ren Press photo facilities at Elgin, and the 

original will be returned to you. All ma- 
terials, whether used in the Encyclopedia 
or not, will be returned to you. Please in- 
clude with your photo written permission 
for the editors to use it in the Encyclopedia. 
If you have a valuable photograph that you 
think might be of interest to us, but you do 
not want to entrust it to the mails, send us 
a photocopy of it and an explanation. If it 
is a photo we think we might use, we will 
send you instructions for having it copied 
at our expense. If you wish to make a gift 
of your photo to the Encyclopedia, please 
indicate that. 

Please give as much information as you 
can about the photo : name of photographer, 
date and place taken, names and ages of 
persons in the photo, description of the 
activity or scene, and your own name, ad- 
dress, and phone number (or that of the 
owner if you do not own the photo). For 
some old photos there is very little identify- 
ing information: give as much as you can. 

Send the photos to: Rev. Bradley E. 
Weidenhamer, Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary, 910 Center St., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Fine photographs are documentary ma- 
terial in their own right. They will add 
depth and dimension to the written accounts 
of Brethren life, culture, and history, as 
well as enhancing the Encyclopedia's ap- 
peal. We look forward to receiving the 
materials you send. 

—The Editors 

Brethren Encyclopedia 

August 1980 


Special report 

Two Home Mission Churches 
Dedicate New BuiMings 

During the month of June, two Brethren mission 
churches dedicated their first church buildings to 
the Lord. One of these was the Brandon Brethren 
Church, one of two "Operation Impact" mission 
churches started in Florida by the national Mission- 
ary Board of the Brethren Church. 

The other was the Medina Bible Fellowship, a 
mission church begun by the Ohio District Mission 
Board, working in cooperation with the national 
Missionary Board. 

On this and the following three pages are reports 
of these two dedications, plus pictures, and a little 
of the background of these two mission churches. 

Brandon Brethren Church 

Front view of the Brandon Brethren Church building. 

Dear Brethren across the nation and 
throughout the world: 

This letter is long overdue. It is not out 
of ingratitude that there has been a delay, 
but rather due to extreme busy-ness, as 
well as a sense of timing. The time has 
come for the people and pastor of the 
Brandon Brethren Church in Florida to say 
"Thank You." 

We do so at a significant time in our 
young history — at the dedication of our 
lovely first unit on our spacious eight acres. 
The dedication was Sunday, June 22, at 3:30 
p.m. Arden Gilmer was the dedication 
speaker, and special music was provided by 
our tentmakers, Jeff and Nancy Lentz and 
Rob Grumbling. Ninety-six people were 
present for the dedication. Many people 
from the district churches shared the day 

with us, with all five churches of the Florida 
District represented. 

Without the marvelous support of Breth- 
ren people all over America and the world, 
this day would not have been possible. The 
shape of that support has been the prayers, 
letters, and personal visits from you and 
the outstanding financial support through 
the Conference offerings, the SONshine 
Oranges, the two tremendous Growth Part- 
ners Club calls, other contributions, and 
personal loans. Also, denominational leader- 
ship from the Missionary Board members 
and office staff has been appreciated, as 
has the help from our local people who 
have volunteered hours of planning and 
physical labor. 

The church is located at 1310 East Bloom- 
ingdale Avenue, Valrico, Florida 33594. The 


The Brethren Evangelist 

first unit, which we hope will one day be 
the fellowship hall, will seat between 170 
and 200 people, using the overflow room. 
The building is designed with the possibility 
of six to eight class areas. We have a fully 
equipped kitchen. The restrooms and out- 
side entrance ramps were built with the 
handicapped in mind. 

Many ideas are being considered to get 
maximum value out of the eight acres. Some 
of the less expensive and more immediate 
ones are a Softball field, a place for volley- 
ball, horseshoes, and perhaps a basketball 

This letter of thanks is not intended to 
give all the details of our plans. You might 
like to know, though, that we now have 33 

members and average about that in our 
worship services, with a few less in Sunday 
school and midweek. We have an aggressive 
evangelism program — seeking out people 
for Jesus in a variety of ways, a mixed 
ministry to children, and an extensive ad- 
vertising program. Bible exposition and 
teaching from a variety of approaches is 
one of our major focal points. 

We are very much aware of God's people, 
their importance and support from else- 
where. Your help definitely makes all the 
difference in the world. Thank you for car- 
ing and sharing in so many ways. Continue 
to pray, and come visit us soon. 

— Pastor Keith Bennett 

and the Brandon congregation 

Top left, rear view of the Brandon 
Church building. Top right, (I. to r.) 
Rev. Keith Bennett, pastor of the 
Brandon Brethren Church, and his 
wife Marjorie; Rev. Arden Gilmer, 
who as Director of Home Missions 
was instrumental in the start of the 
Brandon Church; and Nancy and 
Jeff Lentz, tentmakers in the 
Brandon Church. Bottom left, in- 
terior of the worship area, showing 
a few of the 96 people who attend- 
ed the dedication service. 


In August of 1976 the Missionary Board of the 
Brethren Church made a decision to start two 
new Brethren churches in Florida in 1977. Since 
that time this project has been called "Operation 

Shortly after this decision was made, re- 
searchers began gathering information about 
population flow and economic trends in a six- 
county area on the Gulf of Florida. On the basis 
of this information, surveys were taken in Hills- 
borough County, one of the fastest-growing 
counties in Florida. As a result of this survey, 
Brandon and the Town and Country section of 
greater Tampa were selected as places to begin 
two new Brethren congregations. 

In the spring of 1977, Rev. Keith Bennett was 
chosen to plant the new church at Brandon, and 
Rev. Dale RuLon was selected to do the same at 
Town and Country. They were formally com- 
missioned at the 1977 General Conference and 

began their church-planting ministries immediate- 
ly after Conference. 

Rev. Bennett was able to bring a small group 
together, which began meeting in the Sunshine 
State Federal Savings in Brandon. Then in Febru- 
ary of 1978, the group moved to the Kingswood 
Elementary School, where it continued to meet 
until its new building was ready for occupancy. 

The eight-acre site for the new building was 
purchased in June of 1978. Then the congregation 
broke ground for its new building on August 5th 
of last year. 

We of the Brethren Church rejoice with this 
young congregation as it has dedicated its new 
building. VV^e feel a special sense of identification 
with this church because we have been privileged 
to play a part in its life through our prayers, 
our Home Missions support, and our contribu- 
tions to Operation Impact and the Growth 
Partners Club calls. 

August 1980 


Special report 

Medina Bible Fellowship 

Side view of the Medina Bible Fellowship house showing the exterior of the 
meeting area. 

THE Medina Bible Fellowship in Medina, 
Ohio, passed another milestone in its 
journey for the Lord when it dedicated its 
new building on June 29. Although new to 
the congregation, the building was not, in 
fact, recently constructed. It was once a 
large, two-story house. Then rooms were 
added, and it was used, most recently, as a 
business college. When the college closed 
and the building was put up for sale. Pastor 
Terry Lodico and the members of the 
Medina congregation saw it as a possible 
answer to their current needs. 

The Medina YM-YWCA, where the group 
had been meeting since February 1978, was 
no longer totally satisfactory. Eventually 
the congregation plans to purchase land and 
build a sanctuary and Sunday school 
facilities. But they were looking for a place 
that would meet their needs for the next 
five years. This building seemed to be the 

The rooms that had been added to the 
house could be made into one large meeting 
room for worship services. Other rooms 
could be used for Sunday school classes and 
the pastor's office. In addition, the building 
is located in a growing area of Medina, is 
situated on one of the main routes through 
the city, is visible, and accessible. After 
carefully considering all these advantages 
(and the inevitable disadvantages), the 
congregation decided to buy the property. 

The congregation began using the build- 

ing the last Sunday in April, but the formal 
dedication was not held until June 29th. 
Approximately 100 people attended the 
dedication service, which was held at 3:00 
p.m. In addition to the Medina congrega- 
tion, this included representatives from the 
Canton Trinity, Louisville First, Smithville, 
Ashland Garber, and Ashland Park Street 
Brethren churches. 

The service was led by Pastor Terry 
Lodico, with John Rossman, Charles Tabb, 
and Ed Wille of the Medina Bible Fellowship 
taking part. Rev. Arden Gilmer, former Di- 
rector of Home Missions for the Brethren 
Church, presented the dedication message. 
The litany of dedication was led by Rev. 
Larry Bolinger, who, as former chairman 
of the Ohio District Mission Board, did 
much of the ground-work in getting the 
Medina Bible Fellowship started. 

Refreshments and an open house followed 
the dedication service, with approximately 
130 attending. 

The Medina Bible Fellowship began in 
November of 1977 with a Thursday night 
home Bible study, led by Rev. Arden 
Gilmer and Rev. Larry Bolinger. This had 
been preceded by information gathering and 
survey work, which had shown that Medina 
county was one of the fastest growing areas 
in Ohio. 

On February 5, 1978, Sunday morning 
services were begun in the Medina YM- 
YWCA. These were led initially by Dr. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Richard Allison, assistant professor of 
Christian education at Ashland Theological 
Seminary, and later by Rev. Gilmer. Be- 
cause of the good response to these services, 
the Ohio District Mission Board decided to 
proceed to the next step — securing a full- 
time pastor. Rev. Terry Lodico was called 
to this position and began serving the 
congregation October 1, 1978. 

Since Terry became pastor, the congrega- 
tion has continued to grow. Average at- 
tendance reached a high of 53 in April, with 
somewhat lower averages in May (46) and 
June (43). The congregation has also grown 
in maturity and in its financial support. It 
pays for all local expenses, contributes to- 
ward the support of Pastor Lodico, and has 
committed itself to most of the financial 

obligations for its new building. 

While much of the external support for 
the Medina Bible Fellowship comes from the 
Ohio District Mission Board, the national 
Missionary Board is also contributing to- 
ward the salary of Pastor Lodico. Thus all 
Brethren who contribute to Brethren Home 
Missions can feel that they have a part in 
this growing church in Medina, Ohio. 

Members (and prospective members) of 
the Growth Partners Club have a special 
opportunity to share in this new building, 
for the current Growth Partners Club call 
is for the Medina Bible Fellowship. And, of 
course, all of us have the opportunity to 
pray that God will continue to bless this 
young congregation, that it may grow and 
bear much fruit for Him. □ 

Top left, front view of the Medina Bible Fellow- 
ship building; the large room used for worship 
services is on the left side of the house. Top right, 
Larry Bolinger, former chairman of the Ohio 
District Mission Board who played an important 
part in starting the Fellowship, led the litany of 
dedication at the dedication service; seated to Rev. 
Bolinger's right is Rev. Terry Lodico, pastor of the 

Medina Bible Fellowship. Lower left, by taking 
out a few partitions, the men of the Fellowship 
were able to convert two rooms and a hall into a 
meeting area large enough to seat 100 people for 
worship. Bottom right, other rooms in the house 
serve as Sunday school classrooms. Center, sign 
inviting people to share in the services of the 
Medina Bible Fellowship. 

August 1980 




^ ^^ 


709CIaremontAve., AsMand, Oluo44805 

The Carpenter's Shop, a full line Christian 
bookstore, is an extension of the ministry of The 
Brethren Church, to the glory of God and service 
to His family. 

We Want To Be Your Bookstore 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

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tion in a normal way in society (that is, if 
his rights to buy and sell are denied). 

For further information and delineation 
of all *'act of God" perils, please call 
Enterprise 666. □ 

August 1980 



news from the Brethren Church 

Archie L Nevins ordained 


Goshen, Ind. — 'Archie L. Nevins, 
Jr., was ordained an elder in the 
Brethren Church on Sunday 
morning, July 13. The service 
of ordination took place at 
the First Brethren Church of 

Rev. Spencer Gentle, pastor of 
the Goshen Brethren Church, 
presented the ordination sermon. 
Dr. Charles Munson, professor 
and acting dean at Ashland 
Theological Seminary, and Dr. 
Fred Finks, senior pastor of 
the Winding Waters Brethren 
Church of Elkhart, Ind., assisted 
in the ordination service. 
Rhonda Metzler, secretary of the 
Goshen First Brethren Church, 
read the action of the church 
calling for Mr. Nevins' ordi- 

Special music for the service 
was presented by Mr. and Mrs. 
Don Rohde. Allen Baer played 




the prelude, offertory, and post- 

A fellowship dinner followed 
the ordination service. 

The new Brethren elder was 
born in Alexandria, Va., Decem- 
ber 13, 1952, to Vivian and 
Archie Nevins, Sr. After the 
death of his father, Archie (then 

Burlington First Brethren Church 
celebrates 70th anniversary 

Burlington, Ind. — The First 
Brethren Church of Burlington 
celebrated 70 years of service to 
the Lord in a special homecom- 
ing observance July 6, 1980. The 
pastor, Rev. Ken Goss, presided 
over the two special services. 

The morning worship service 
was highlighted by the ministry 
of the Summer Crusader singing 
team, "One Spirit," which pre- 
sented the musical, 'T Just Came 
Into His Presence." Following 
this musical. Pastor Goss pre- 
sented a short meditation cen- 
tering on the love of God for His 
people, and concluded with the 
entire congregation singing the 
Gaither tune, "I'm Loved." 

The afternoon homecoming 
celebration had as its highlight 
a slide presentation of members 
and friends of the church from 
the past several years. Modera- 
tor Russell Rodkey also pre- 

sented a history of the church, 
and special guests who had at- 
tended the Burlington Church 
over the years were recognized. 
One special guest in attendance 
was Rev. Wayne Swihart, who 
had pastored the church in the 
early 1940's, his first pastorate 
following seminary. 

The Burlington Church grew 
from the Salem Church, organ- 
ized in 1888. In 1910, the congre- 
gation moved to a new building 
in Burlington, from which it has 
ministered ever since. In 1965 a 
ten-room, two story addition was 
made to this building. 

Members of the Burlington 
First Brethren Church home- 
coming committee were Pastor 
Ken Goss, Margaret Mabbitt, 
Margaret Rinehart, and Esther 

— ^Charles Beekley 

three years old) and his mother 
and brother moved to Martins- 
burg, Pa., where Archie was 

Following high school, Archie 
entered Taylor University in Up- 
land, Ind. There he met Janice 
Alvey, the daughter of Irvin and 
the late Evelyn Alvey of Bloom- 
ington. 111. Jan and Archie were 
married August 11, 1973. 

Archie graduated from Taylor 
in January 1974 with a degree 
in biblical literature. Following 
graduation he worked for nearly 
five years with Youth for Christ 
in various cities in Indiana. Dur- 
ing this time Jan and Archie 
added a child to their family — 
a son, Adam, born September 
21, 1976. 

In August 1978 Archie en- 
tered Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary to complete seminary 
work he had begun at Grace 
Theological Seminary in Winona 
Lake, Indiana. While in semin- 
ary, he served as student pastor 
of the Columbus, Ohio, Breth- 
ren Church. Archie received his 
master of divinity degree from 
ATS in June of this year. 

On July 20, just one week 
after his ordination, Rev. Nevins 
preached his first sermon as 
pastor of the Brethren Church 
in Washington, D.C. 

The Carpenter's Shop 
accepting old Bibles 

Ashland, Ohio — ^The Carpenter's 
Shop, the Christian bookstore of 
the Brethren Church, is offering 
to accept your old Bible as a 
trade-in on a new one. Your old 
Bible will be sent to the World 
Home Bible League for redis- 
tribution overseas. In addition, 
you will receive a 10% discount 
on a new one. 

If your church has old pew 
Bibles that need to be replaced, 
these too can be traded in on 
new ones. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Lindower and Solomon 
for Brethren quarterly 


to write 

Ashland, Ohio — Dr. Leslie E. 
Lindower and Rev. George W. 
Solomon have been secured as 
new writers for The Brethren 
Bible Class Quarterly, according 
to an announcement by the 
Brethren Publishing Company. 
The first lessons by these two 
men will appear in the fall 1980 
issue of the quarterly. 

Dr. Lindower will be writing 
the "Lesson Backgrounds" for 
the quarterly. He replaces Rev. 
Rodney Thomas, who wrote the 
backgrounds during the past 

Dr. Lindower served as pro- 
fessor of Old Testament, He- 
brew, systematic theology, and 
archeology at Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary from 1937 to 
1949. In 1950 he was named to 
the faculty of the education de- 
partment at Ashland College, 
and a year later he became head 
of the department. Then from 
1952 to 1972 he was academic 
dean of the college, and he 
served AC two additional years 
as director of the library before 
his retirement in 1974. 

In addition to his service to 
Ashland College and Theological 
Seminary, Lindower also served 
student and part-time pastorates 
in several Brethren churches 
and was full-time pastor of the 
First Brethren Church of War- 
saw, Ind., from 1932 to 1937. 

Lindower holds a Th. B. de- 
gree from Ashland College, a 
Th. D. degree from Dallas Theo- 
logical Seminary, and completed 


residency work toward a Ph. D. 
at Ohio State University. 

Rev. George Solomon will be 
contributing the "Lesson Appli- 
cation" section of The Brethren 
Quarterly. He replaces Rev. W. 
St. Clair Benshoff, who began 
writing the applications last 
year after providing the "Lesson 
Exposition" section for six 

Rev. Solomon is currently pas- 
tor of the Milledgeville, 111., 
First Brethren Church. He has 
also pastored Brethren churches 
at Gretna, Ohio, Hagerstown, 
Maryland, Louisville, Ohio, Ash- 
land (Park Street), Ohio, and 
Derby, Kansas. 

Solomon holds an A.B. degree 
from Ashland College, and an 
M. Div. degree from Ashland 
Theological Seminary. 

In announcing the new writers, 
Dick Winfield, editor of The 
Brethren Bible Class Quarterly, 

AC receives siaie grants 

Ashland, Ohio — ■ Ashland Col- 
lege's department of education 
has received grants of $2,200 and 
$7,000 from the Ohio State De- 
partment of Education to de- 
velop a model in-service training 
program for preparation of 
teachers of the handicapped. 
Ashland College was one of 15 
colleges and universities se- 
lected to receive a special grant. 
According to Dr. Gene Telego, 
dean of the school of education 
and related professions at AC, 

"The program will provide an 
excellent opportunity for profes- 
sors to make curricular and in- 
structional changes that focus 
on preparing teacher education 
students to teach handicapped 
pupils in a regular classroom 

The two-year grants will be 
used to purchase textbooks and 
materials appropriate for the 
program and to cover expenses 
for visits to centers for the 

Rev. George W. Solomon 

said, "I am very happy to have 
two men of this caliber writing 
for the quarterly. Dr. Lindower 
has a well of biblical knowledge 
from which he can draw as he 
writes the 'Lesson Backgrounds.' 
And Rev. Solomon's 30 years as 
a successful pastor provide a 
rich experience that will enable 
him to write 'Lesson Applica- 
tions' that relate God's Word to 
the lives of Brethren people. 
These two men, along with Rev. 
William Anderson, who has done 
an excellent job on the 'Lesson 
Expositions' during the past 
year, will provide an adult quar- 
terly of high quality for the 
Brethren Church." 

Berneal Tinkel 
ordained deaconess 
at Wabash Church 

Wabash, Ind. — Berneal Tinkel 
was ordained a deaconess in 
the First Brethren Church of 
Wabash on June 1. 

Rev. Fred Snyder, former pas- 
tor of the Wabash Church and 
now pastor of the Corinth Breth- 
ren Church near Twelve Mile, 
Ind., delivered the ordination 
message. Rev. Paul Tinkel, pas- 
tor of the Milford, Ind., Breth- 
ren Church, presented special 

The laying on of hands was 
by Rev. C. William Cole, pastor 
of the Wabash Brethren Church, 
Rev. Fred Snyder, Rev. Paul 
Tinkel, and Rev. Arthur Tinkel. 
Sr., husband of the new dea- 

August 1980 



Indiana youth hold conference; 
Winding Wafers wins Bible quiz 

Shipshewaiia, Ind. — June 6, 7, 
8, 1980, marked a first for In- 
diana Brethren Youth. On these 
dates the youth attended their 
own youth conference, which for 
the first time was held sepa- 
rately from the Indiana District 
Adult Conference. 

The purpose of separating the 
conferences was to give the 
youth a better quality program 
and more individualized atten- 
tion. The Youth Task Force of 
the Indiana Board of Christian 
Education saw that the youth 
needed more in their 'conference 
to stimulate interest. 

The response was favorable. 
Attendance doubled over last 
year, with 50 youth registered 
plus 20 adult advisors. 

The conference theme, "Fol- 
lowing the Way," was empha- 
sized with theme sessions and 
Bible studies. The highlight of 
the weekend was the Saturday 
night rock concert with Ray 

LeFevra and his band. The Le- 
Fevra Band is a Christian rock 
group from Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Band members were able to re- 
late to the youth through their 
music as well as through their 
testimony and Christian mes- 
sage. Following the concert. Rev. 
Jerry Barr and the County Line 
youth led the rest of the youth 
in an inspiring Communion 

Another highlight of the con- 
ference was the junior high quiz 
team playoffs. In January the 
Indiana Board of Christian Edu- 
cation started quiz teams for the 
Indiana Brethren Youth. In prep- 
aration for the quiz competition, 
the youth have been studying 
the Book of Acts. 

Four teams made it to the 
final playoffs: County Line, 
Nappanee, Tiosa, and Winding 
Waters. Much excitement was 
generated as these four teams 
were quizzed on the first five 

World Relief provides aid fo 
Afgan refugees in Pakisfan 

St. Petersburg:, Fla.— The World 
Relief Corporation has provided 
$50,000 to supply shelter for the 
estimated 1,000,000 Afghan refu- 
gees pouring into Pakistan in 
the wake of the Soviet invasion 
and civil unrest. The Brethren 
Church gave over $38,000 in 1979 
to assist with disaster response 
efforts like this and self-help 
development in 30 countries 
around the world. 

In Pakistan, where refugees 
face distressingly overcrowded 
living conditions in camps along 
the Afghan border, WRC is 
channeling the funds through 
TEAM, the Evangelical Alliance 
Mission, also based in Wheaton, 

"The conditions in camps 
hastily erected along the border 
of Pakistan are grossly inade- 
quate," according to World Re- 
lief president Jerry Ballard. 

"The Pakistani government is 
coping with the great masses of 
people as best it can, but help 
from the international com- 
munity is sorely needed." 

With approximately 5,000 peo- 
ple arriving daily to the area, 
conditions remain poor. The 
number of refugees is expected 
to double within the next few 
months. Border surveys indi- 
cate that approximately 80 peo- 
ple die each day from untreated 
illness and artillery wounds. 

A previous grant of $15,000 
also was made by WRC to an 
evangelical committee in Pakis- 
tan, and World Relief is explor- 
ing further avenues of response 
in the Afghan crisis as con- 
cerned Evangelicals respond to 
appeals for emergency funds. 
WRC needs more than $200,000 
for activities planned with Evan- 
gelical missionaries in Pakistan. 

chapters of Acts. Winner of the 
competition was the team from 
Winding Waters. This team was 
awarded the first place trophy. 
A "Citizenship Award" trophy 
was also awarded to the Nap- 
panee team for showing good 

In addition, an "All Star 
Team" was selected, made up of 
the five youth with the top 
scores during the competition. 
These five youth — Ronald Man- 
gus and Lori Haas from County 
Line, Kerry Shifflett and Shan- 
non Murphy from Nappanee, 
and Gary Scott from Tiosa — will 
challenge the first place team 
from Winding Waters at Gen- 
eral Conference. Scholarships 
will be given to the two teams 
to help pay their Conference 

Since this was the first time 
the youth held their conference 
separate from the adult confer- 
ence, some new organizational 
decisions were made. This in- 
cluded the election of state of- 
ficers. Jean Troup of the Mead- 
ow Crest Brethren Church was 
elected president, Clista Azbell 
of the College Corner Brethren 
Church was elected vice presi- 
dent, and Jim Austin of the Peru 
Brethren Church was elected 

These officers, along with the 
Youth Task Force Advisors, will 
plan all state youth gatherings 
and the 1981 Indiana youth con- 
ference. They will also organize 
the state youth in a way that 
will aid the north and south dis- 
tricts in their own activities. An 
attempt will be made to form 
common goals and ideals within 
the district. 

The Lord is blessing and using 
the youth in the Indiana Breth- 
ren churches. As we continue to 
work with and pray for our 
youth, we will see more become 
active and set long-range goals 
to serve our Lord in the Breth- 
ren Church. 

Dan Gray 

Ind. Bd. of Christian Ed. 

Youth Task Force 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Mod. Sfogsdill challenges Ind. con/. 
to "chart a course for the future" 

Shipshewaina, Ind. — The Indiana 
District held its 93rd Conference 
June 12-14 at thie Brethren Re- 
treat center here. Theme of the 
conference was "Discovering 
Hidden Treasures," from Colos- 
sians 2:2-3. A total of 224 dele- 
gates were seated. 

Dr. Arthur Climenhaga, di- 
rector of academic affairs and 
professor of theology and mis- 
sion at Ashland Theological 
Seminary, presented three chal- 
lenging messages on the confer- 
ence theme. 

Rev. Claude Stogsdill, modera- 
tor of the conference, also used 
the conference theme as the 
basis of his address. After dis- 
cussing the roots of our fellow- 
ship in our heritage, he chal- 
lenged the Brethren "to chart a 
course for the future." 

"I think most Brethren know 
enough about where they want 
to be in the future; they simply 
need help in mapping out 
strategy," he said. 

Stogsdill also expressed con- 
cern about doctrinal training. "It 
seems to me that the danger we 
face in the Brethren Church to- 
day is not what is being taught, 
but what is not being taught," 
he noted. 

" 'Feelings' and 'experiences' 
have recently become more pop- 
ular as the guide for religion, 
rather than the honest teaching 
of the Word of God. . . .Because 
we as Brethren have not 
grounded our converts in the 
Word of God and in the Brethren 
practices as taught in God's 
Word, we are getting all kinds 
of teachings, and we are seeing 
some of the practices that we 
have so long cherished slip by 
the wayside," he said. He 
equated this with Paul's warn- 
ing in Colossians 2:4 and called 
for a return to the commitments 
each made upon joining the 

Stogsdill's recommendations 
included a call "to a deeper and 
more systematic study of God's 
Word" and a request that the 
district Board of Christian Edu- 
cation study and propose an ef- 

fective follow-up program for 
local churches. 

Of the several actions taken 
by the conference, most notable 
was action taken to request re- 
instatement of the district's 
charter with the State of In- 
diana. The corporate charter had 
been revoked due to the district's 
failure to file required annual 
reports with the state since 1970. 
The conference overwhelmingly 
threw its support behind the 
plan mapped out by the confer- 
ence executive committee under 
the assistance of Steve Williams, 
a lawyer in the Roanoke congre- 

The conference also approved 
the recoimmendation of the dis- 
trict mission board to begin a 
new Brethren church at Carmel, 
just north of Indianapolis. Rev. 
Mark E. Baker, a recent semin- 
ary graduate from North Man- 
chester, was set aside to lead 
this church-planting venture. 

Officers elected for the 1980-81 
year are: Rev. Richard Austin, 
moderator; Rev. James Sluss, 
moderator-elect; Rev. Gerald 
Barr, secretary-treasurer; Rev. 
Ralph Gibson, assistant secre- 
tary-treasurer; and Randall 
Smith, statistician. 

— Ronald W. Waters 

Alfernafe service prog, planned 
says Sel. Ser. dep. director 

Edinburg, Va. — Rev. Doc Shank, 
Peace Coordinator of the Breth- 
ren Church, has received a copy 
of a letter dated May 27 from 
the Deputy Director of Selective 
Service to Mr. M. R. Zigler, Con- 
venor of the On Earth Peace As- 
sembly, of which Shank is a 
participant. According to Shank, 
"The letter is the latest informa- 
tion we have received relative to 
an alternative service program." 

The letter was in response to 
an earlier one from Zigler in 
which he had outlined several 
concerns about the classification 
process and the alternate service 
program. In his letter the Depu- 
ty Director reassured Zigler that 
"Both the Director and I are 
firmly committed to the develop- 
ment of a fair and equitable 
classification process and alter- 
native service program." 

The Deputy Director also 
noted that several of Zigler's 
recommendations on classifica- 
tion had been incorporated into 
the new proposed regulations. 
Concerning the alternative serv- 
ice program, the Deputy Di- 
rector stated: "We have de- 
veloped only the broad outlines 
of our program, and we will be 
soliciting the suggestions of or- 
ganizations such as yours. I 

appreciate the comments you 
have provided and hope you will 
be willing to meet with us in the 
future to discuss ideas for the 

Henry Wilson licensed 
to Brethren ministry 

Hagerstown, Md. — Henry Wil- 
son, a member of the First 
Brethren Church of Hagerstown, 
has been licensed to the ministry 
by the Ministerial Examining 
Board of the Southeast District. 

Henry is a graduate of Broad- 
fording Christian College of 
Hagerstown, from which he re- 
ceived an A.A. degree in biblical 
education. At Broadfording he 
studied under Rev. Henry Bates 
and Dr. Harold E. Barnett, 
among other pastors. Henry is 
married and he and his wife, 
Barbara, have four children. 
Mrs. Wilson is a registered 

On June 27 the Wilsons moved 
to Kentucky where Henry be- 
came pastor of the Drushal Me- 
morial Brethren Church of Lost 
Creek. The church members 
welcomed the new pastor and his 
family with a food "pounding," 
at which food was contributed. 

August 1980 


Two County Line youth named to 
Soc. for Distinguished students 

Lakeville, Ind. — Dale Baney and 
Ronald Mangus, members of the 
County Line Brethren Church 
and BYC, have been named to 
the Society of Distinguished 
American High School Students. 

The society seeks to honor 
young people in grades 9-12 for 
excellence in scholarship, leader- 
ship, and church and civic 
achievements. The two young 
men automatically become eligi- 
ble for scholarships at over 100 
colleges and universities across 
the country. 

Dale Baney, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Ronald Baney, is a junior 
at LaVille High School. He is 
vice-president of his church's 
senior youth group and treas- 
urer of the Northern Indiana 
District Brethren Youth. In May 
he was chosen by the members 
of his youth group as "Youth 
of the Year" for his work in the 
programs and projects of the 
group. He also plays on the 
church Softball team and sings 
in the church choir. 

Last summer Dale toured for 
two weeks with "Wandering 
Wheels," a Christian bicycling 
group. He is also a member of 
the Future Farmers of America 
and was active in football and 
wrestling at school. 

Ronald Mangus is the son of 
State Representative and Mrs. 
Richard Mangus. He is a sopho- 

more at LaVille High School, 
whsre he is an honor student 
while participating in band, 
speech team, track, football, and 
soccer. He is also a junior leader 
in 4-H in St. Joseph County. 

At the County Line Brethren 
Church Ronald is treasurer of 
the senior youth group and cap- 
tain of the youth Bible quiz 
team. He was also chosen to the 
Indiana All-Star Quiz team and 

Flora Home pays 
receives several b 

Flora, Ind. — On June 15, 1980, 
bondholders of the Brethren's 
Home of Indiana, Inc., received 
full payment for both interest 
and principal due on their Series 
I bonds. The bond issue had been 
in default since August 8, 1978, 
which had caused a three-month 
delay on all interest and princi- 
pal payments to the bondholders. 
Gene A. Geaslen, administrator 
of the home, states: "We wish 
to take this opportunity to thank 
all those who were patient with 
us during our period of financial 
difficulties. It was only through 
the efforts of our residents and 
loyal staff, plus the prayers and 
financial support of the Breth- 

Juan Carlos Miranda coordinates 
Spanish Crusade in Los Angeles 

Los Angeles, Calif. — More than 
51,000 people attended the nine- 
day Festival of the Family Span- 
ish Crusade held at the Los 
Angeles Sports Arena June 28 
through July 6. Speaker for the 
crusade was Argentine-born 
evangelist Luis Palau. 

General coordinator for the 
crusade was Rev. Juan Carlos 
Miranda. Rev. Miranda is Di- 
rector of Hispanic Ministries for 
the Brethren Church. 

The crusade's biggest break- 
through was the unity it pro- 

moted among the 125 participat- 
ing Spanish churches, according 
to pastors and civic leaders. Ac- 
cording to Juan Romero, host of 
an international Christian Span- 
ish talk show, ". . .this is a re- 
vival, to get all the denomina- 
tions working together like 

Evangelist Palau told Los An- 
geles Mayor Tom Bradley that 
this crusade was a time of test- 
ing and sowing in anticipation 
of a larger-scale evangelistic 
thrust in the future. 

won a scholarship to the Na- 
tional Youth Convention. 

The boys each received certifi- 
cates and their names will be 
listed in the Society Register. 
Their church also received a 
certificate in honor of this 

An article about the two boys 
also appeared in the July 5, 1980, 
issue of the Plymouth Pilot 


Ten, that this timely recovery 
was accomplished." 

Several large bequests have 
also enabled the Brethren's 
Home administration to rebuild 
the reserves needed to repay 
other financial obligations and 
to re-establish a building fund 
for a chapel/multi-purpose addi- 
tion. Thus far this year the 
Home has received $59,885.10 
from the sale of land in the 
Millheisler estate, $15,000 from 
the Gladys Kilhefner Lonero es- 
tate, and $46,710.59 from the 
Edwin L. Kilhefner estate. Says 
Geaslen, "This should serve as a 
reminder to those involved in 
estate planing to include your 
church and its ministries in your 
deferred giving program." 

At the present time, various 
projects are being planned to im- 
prove the landscaping and out- 
side appearance of the Health 
Care Center. Proceeds from the 
annual fish fry in 1979 were 
used to build a covered patio 
area, and funds from the July 
22nd fish fry this year will be 
used for further landscaping im- 
provements. The Home is also 
accepting individual donations 
for shrubs and trees, which cost 
from $9.95 to $30.00 each. 

Brethren people are urged to 
continue supporting your min- 
istry to the aged and infirm 
through your gifts and prayers. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Family refreaf planned for Labor Day 
weekend af Sbipshewana 

A family retreat is being 
planned for Labor Day weekend 
at the Shipshewana Retreat 
Center in Indiana. The retreat 
will emphasize family fellow- 
ship for both biological families 
and for the larger church fam- 
ily. Single adults and single- 
parent families are encouraged 
to attend, as well as two-parent 

The retreat will begin with a 
get-acquainted campfire on Fri- 
day evening, August 30, and will 
continue through Monday, Sep- 
tember 1. Both organized activi- 
ties and free time are scheduled 
for the weekend. 

Dr. Charles Munson, acting 
dean of Ashland Theological 

Seminary, will be sharing his 
wit and wisdom as fhe guest 
speaker. He will develop the 
themes of bearing fruit and be- 
ing forbearing in love. 

Fred and Dorcas Van Duyne 
will be in charge of the organ- 
ized activities. They are plan- 
ning both old-fashioned and new- 
fangled games and team com- 
petitions that everyone can par- 
ticipate in. 

Families attending the retreat 
may either stay in the dorms or 
in their own campers. Parking 
spaces and hook-ups for camp- 
ers are available. 

The price for the retreat will 
be $35 per family — including 

meals — for those who stay in the 
dorm. Families staying in camp- 
ers will pay only $27, but will 
be asked to provide their own 
breakfasts, while joining the 
rest of the group for other 

Indiana Brethren churches are 
being sent additional informa- 
tion about the retreat. Details 
are also available from Larry 
Rhude, 19341 CR 16, Bristol, Ind. 

Mr. Rhude encourages Breth- 
ren families in the Indiana Dis- 
trict to "take advantage of this 
inflation-fighting bargain vaca- 
tion and top off your summer 
with a family retreat." 


Accepting the Sovereignty of God 

Yet Will I Trust Him by Peg Rankin (Regal 
Books, 1980, 159 pp., $4.95, paper). 

This book asks many questions we Christians 
are often afraid to ask: Who is God? Where is 
God when I face crises? Why must I face crises? 
What do they accomplish in my life? How can I 
have victory? Mrs. Rankin offers Scripture-based 
answers to these questions. 

The book also takes a new look at the lives of 
Old Testament leaders such as Joseph, Ezekiel, 
and Job; a new look at the healing ministry of 
Christ; and an in-depth look at the Parable of 

the Sower. 

Real trust can come in our lives only when we 
stop fighting the sovereignty of God — ^only when 
we accept in our heart and mind that God has 
the right to "do anything He wants to do, any time 
He wants to do it, any way He wants to do it for 
any purpose He wants to accomplish." Each of us 
has faced or will face crises. How we handle these 
will reflect the amount of trust we have in God. 
Mrs. Rankin gives us a useful guide to help us 
learn how to yield complete control of our lives 
to God. 

Yet Will I Trust Him is a book to be studied. 
The reader should take time to look up the related 
Scripture passages, to reflect on how your 
thoughts may differ from Scripture. It is a book 
of beautiful depth and experience. It has caused 
me to review my concept of God and His control 
over my life. I am more aware of His complete 
control over every event of history and in my life. 

This book is one of general interest for men 
and women and young people of college age. 

Peg Rankin is a homemaker and mother of 
three teenage boys. A former English teacher, she 
is now a Bible teacher and guest speaker across 
the country. Peg and her husband, Lee, have a 
tape ministry, "The Rankin File," in Birmingham. 

Peg will be at General Conference on Thursday, 
August 14th, as speaker for the WMS inspirational 
service. She will also be the guest speaker at the 
WMS Luncheon at noon on Thursday. 

— Judi Gentle 

Jiidi Gentle is a nieniher of the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Chiircli and First Vice President of 
national WMS. 

August 1980 



Calendar of Events 



11-15 General Conference, Ashland 

SEPTEMBER— Publications 

13 Ohio Conference, Delaware 

OCTOBER— Ashland College 

9-11 Midwest Conference, Mulvane 
10 Fall All-Indiana Laymen's Meeting at 
Shipshewana Retreat Center 

NOVEMBER— Home Missions 

DECEMBER— Christian Education 

5 Leadership Group, Ashland Park Street 

6 Exec. Committee, Ashland Park Street 

JANUARY 1981^Seniinary 
25-28 National Association of Evangelicals — 
National Religious Broadcasters 
Convention, Washington, D. C. 

In Memory 

Carmon D. Oxenrider, 79, July 9. Member since 
1920 of the Bryan, Ohio, First Brethren Church. 
Services by Marlin L. McCann, pastor. 
Mrs. Blanche Stuckey, 79, July 5, Member of the 
County Line Brethren Church, Lakeville, Ind. 
Services by Gerald Barr, pastor. 
Harlen C. Smith, 80, June 22. Member of the Col- 
lege Corner Brethren Church, Route 3, Wabash, 
Ind. Services by St. Clair Benshoff, pastor, and 
Rev. G. Bright Hanna. 

Jim Appleby, 58, June 21. Life-long member of the 
Oakville, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 
Wes Ellis, pastor. 

Fred Dickerhoff, 89, May 18. Member of the 
former Akron, Ind., Cooperative Brethren Church 
who regularly attended the Roann, Ind., First 
Brethren Church. Services by his former pastor, 
Arthur H. Tinkel, and Rev. Donald Wagstaff. 
Ronald Brown, 83. Member of the Milford, Ind., 
First Brethren Church. Services by Paul Tinkel, 

Bits 'n Pieces 

A series of Christian films entitled "Focus on 
the Family" was shown at the evening services 
of the Hagerstown, Md., First Brethren Church 

during June and July. Attendance was good, inter- 
est high, and discussion excellent. According to 
Pastor Harold Barnett, these films by Dr. James 
Dobson made a positive contribution to the Hagers- 
town church. 

"Jesus, My Wonderful Lord" was the theme of 
the VBS held at the Cheyenne, Wyo., Brethren 

Church June 16-20. Thirty-three children were en- 
rolled in the school, and three of these received 
Christ as savior at the close of the week. An 
offering of $67.70 was collected during the VBS, 
which will be used for the work of the Aspinalls 
at Eden Bible Institute in Argentina. 

John and Alma Bachtel, 59th, June 25. Members 
of the County Line Brethren Church, Lakeville, 

Nora Chapman to Raymond Sloan, July 5, at the 
Wabash, Ind., First Brethren Church; C. William 
Cole, pastor, officiating. Bride a member of the 
Wabash First Brethren Church. 
Victoria Lee Aurand to Anton Gerald Lieb, June 
28, at the Park Street Brethren Church, Ashland, 
Ohio; Arden E. Gilmer, pastor, officiating. Bride 
a member of the Park Street Brethren Church. 
Julie Rae Scott to David Harris Fred, June 21 at 
the Corinth Brethren Church near Twelve Mile, 
Ind.; Frederick Snyder, pastor, officiating. Bride 
a member of the Corinth Brethren Church. 
Brenda Jean Lawson to Daniel Dean Eads, June 
21, at the College Corner Brethren Church, Route 
3, Wabash, Ind.; St. Clair Benshoff, pastor, offi- 
ciating. Bride a member of the College Corner 
Brethren Church. 

Ann Fetterman to James Miller, June 14, at the 
Park Street Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio; Rev. 
Dale Ru Lon officiating. Bride a member of Park 
Street Brethren Church; groom a member of the 
Second Brethren Church, Johnstown, Pa. 
Susan Janae Oslar to R-ex Jerril Overholser, June 
8, at the Flora, Ind., Christian Church. Groom a 
member of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Sherri Long to Ron Behney, June 7, at the North 
Manchester First Brethren Church. Groom a mem- 
ber of the North Manchester Brethren Church. 
Beth Anne Wells to Steven McPherson, May 24, at 
the Park Street Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio; 
Arden E. Gilmer, pastor, officiating. Bride a mem- 
ber of the Park Street Brethren Church; groom a 
member of the Gretna Brethren Church near 
Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

Carla Kemp to Rick Shafer, May 24, at the Oak- 
ville, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Jill Daniel to Scott Whltccmb, May 23, at the Oak- 
ville, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Lesley Ann Jones to Drew Alan Smith, May 17, in 
Columbus, Ind.; C. William Cole, pastor of the 
Wabash, Ind., First Brethren Church, officiating. 
Groom a member of the Wabash First Brethren 

Sherry Lynn Grose to Gene Lavern Van Hoosear, 
May 10, at the Wabash, Ind., First Brethren 
Church; C. William Cole, pastor, officiating. Bride 
a member of the Wabash First Brethren Church. 

» m * ^ * 

Reliable estimates say the Soviet Union spends 
annually $1,500,000,000 for propaganda literature 
distribution outside her borders! In contrast, all 
the churches of the world together spend less 
than $15 million on the task of translating, pro- 
ducing and distributing God's Word. 

— Bible Literature International 


The Brethren Evangelist 




ASHLANIi MlfllB^l 



nccEOT on the inDiviDunL, 



on the Beautiful Ashland Academy Campus in Ashland, Ohio! 

Starting on 
September 2, 
1980, on the 
Ashland Campus, 
a new concept in 
high school education 

Ashland Academy, a co- 
educational high school 
committed to academic 
excellence. Where em- 
phasis is placed on 
cultural studies, develop- 
ing the individual, and 
Christian family living. 

The Freshman or 
Sophomore student of 
Ashland Academy will 

live on the 
campus from 
Monday to 
Friday in an 
environment designed to 
stimulate maximum 
academic excellence. 
On the Ashland College 
campus, it has its 
own faculty, advisors, 
buildings, dorms, and 
separate learning en- 

We've prepared a 
unique brochure with all 
the facts you need to 
make a decision to begin 

your own cultural high 
school experience. 
Write today for a copy. 
Or contact: 
Ashland Academy, 
Room 501, Bixler Hall, 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
(419) 289-4119/ 

Mail to: 

Ashland Academy, 
Room 501, 
Bixler Hall, 
Ashland OH 44805 

Student Nanne 

Parent Name 






Current Student 

September Student Level 

CD Freshman CH Sophomore 




Victor Books FAMILY CONCERN SERIES shows you just how to 
"handle" those "fragile" situations that crop up in every home with the 
"care" they deserve. By first reading and then doing, you'll find how to 
get the most out of your family by putting the most into it — God's way. 
And the ten books in this remarkable series are also available with their 
own Leader's Guides and Personal Involvement Workbooks. Isn't it 
time to put some earnest effort into your family? $3.50 each. 

James C. Thomason. Dynamically 
deciding financial goals . . . deter- 
mining present status . . . moving 
toward effective money management 
. . . with God as your accountant. 

Rex Johnson. A very practical guide 
for Christian parents on how to teach 
their children about sex — according 
to the Creator of it all. 6-2639 


by J. Allan Petersen. How to prepare 
for and deal with those common cri- 
ses of family life — from the problems 
of early marriage to old age and 
death. 6-2632 

NESS (NEW) by Wayne Rickerson. 
Strengthening your Christian family 
by making home a fun place to be. 


Norman Wright. Communicating ef- 
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ciples and pitfalls of relating one to 
one. 6-2633 

by Ted Ward. Helping your children 
learn moral values — ^from a biblical 
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ent levels of moral development. 

THE TIMES by Nancy Potts. How to 
make the most of those lonely times 
. . . accepting them as natural . . . 
using them creatively. 6-2630 


(NEW) by Harold Myra. "A celebra- 
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Barbara Sroka. The problems of the 
single life-style and how to cope with 
them — the difference between being 
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{pages 10 thru 26) 


As church growth thinking influences more people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARN, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Using "Webs of Contacts" 

Question. People in church growth say that 
75% to 90% of all those now active in a local 
church are there because of a friend or relative. 
What can our church do to build on this insight? 

Answer. Here are seven strategies for using the 
natural "webs of contacts" people have for growth. 

(1) Desig'n a growth strategy around webs. 
Webs are social ties between people (common kin- 
ships, common community, and common interests). 
When a new person comes into the church, he is 
not only added to the roll, he also brings a new, 
untapped web of friends and family outside the 
church. Churches grow when leaders emphasize 
reaching people in such webs. 

(2) Identify unreached people within the webs 
of present members. Research has shown that, on 
the average, each member has approximately eight 
personal contacts with unchurched people. Pro- 
spective new members should be identified pri- 
marily from these webs. Strategy should be de- 
veloped to introduce these prospects to the church 
and to show them how Christ and the Body can 
have a positive value in their lives. 

(3) Disciple to the fringes. Suppose Mary Smith 
just became a new member of your church. Mary 
has at least eight friends and associates in her 
web. If during the following year Mary is instru- 
mental in seeing three of these people come to 
Christ and the church, the new prospect list will 
increase from Mary's contacts to include the eight 
contacts in each of the three other webs — 24 new 
prospects. The principle of "discipling to the 
fringes" directs attention not only to Mary's web 
of eight people, but immediately enlarges to in- 
clude the webs of these new people. 

(4) Utilize new converts. New converts open 
doors for outreach often denied to established 
members through their many contacts and friends 
outside the church. As time passes Christians tend 
to maintain fewer and fewer such contacts as they 
grow more comfortable with Christian friends. 
Many growing churches have learned to effectively 
train new Christians and have encouraged them to 
share their new faith with their friends. 

(5) Win family units. Why? First, a natural 
bridge exists to those outside Christ and the 
church through Christian family members. Second, 
if the entire family is not won, the danger of 
attrition increases tremendously for the lone 
Christian. Third, when all the family is in Christ 
and the church, there is a support system in the 

home that provides encouragement, unity, identity, 
and Christian growth. Applying this strategy is 
easy. Identify children, youth, and adults who 
presently attend alone. Then analyze each in re- 
lation to his family concerns, background, recep- 
tivity, and location and develop a strategy that 
meets those needs and criteria. 

(6) Build new webs. Remember that when left 
to natural patterns, the long-term Christian will 
have fewer and fewer contacts with non-Christians. 
A deliberate strategy must therefore be built 
through the church to create new webs and build 
new contacts. 

(7) Pray for unreached webs. There is power 
in specific prayer. Pray sincerely, fervently, 
specifically to God for individuals outside Christ 
and the church. Pray for people — ^^by name — who 
are in your webs of influence. Pray that they 
might be reached and discipled into the Body of 
Christ. Church growth happens when prayer is 
specific, both for people and for growth. 

SEPTEMBER— Publications 

29 Executive Committee and denominational 
executives' meeting at Camp Bethany, 

OCTOBER— Ashland College 

4 Pennsylvania Fall Rally at Vinco Breth- 
ren Church* 

9-11 Midwest Conference, Mulvane 
10 Fall All-Indiana Laymen's Meeting at 
Shipshewana Retreat Center 

NOVEMBER— Home Missions 

DECEMBER^Christian Education 

5 Leadership Group, Ashland Park Street 

6 Exec. Committee, Ashland Park Street 

JANUARY 1981— Seminary 

25-28 National Association of Evangelicals — 
National Religious Broadcasters 
Convention, Washington, D. C. 

*Note: The Pennsylvania Fall Rally, previously 
scheduled for Thursday, October 2nd, has been 
changed to Saturday, October 4. Registration 
will begin at 10:00 a.m. at the Vinco Brethren 

The Brethren Evangelist 

In its 102nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 

Editor : 

Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor; 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75«? 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 



Evening inspirational speakers 
at General Conference were 
(clockwise from top rt.) Dr. J. D. 
Hcimel, Rev. George Solomon, 
Dr. Charles Mimson, Rev. 
Keith Bennett, and Rev. James 

Cover design by Howard Mack 

Vol. 102, No. 9 

September 1980 

4 The Recovery of Brefhren Vision 

The 1980 Moderator's address of Rev. William Kerner. 

* " g^^ < 

Focusing on the Word 
8 Let's Hove Revolution! 

In Ephesians 4:17-32, Paul calls for a revolutionary change in 
our lives, says Dr. Harold E. Barnett. 

* m*w 1 

1980 Conference Review 

10 Introduction 

Special features of the 1980 Conference. 

1 1 Business 

Summary; Conference offering; Moderator's recommendations; 
Officers; Statistician s report. 

14 Special Speokers and Services 

Crusader review; World Relief speaker; Laymen's speaker; 
Seminary Jubilee Service; 200th Birthday of the Sunday school 
celebration; WMS speaker; Board of Christian Education 
speaker; Educator of the Year; EMU dedication; Church 
Growth Models; Workshops; Next year's Conference; New 
missionary candidates; All-Conference Communion service. 

22 Auxiliaries 

National Ministerial Association; Sisterhood; National Laymen's 
Organization; Woman's Missionary Society; Brotherhood. 

24 BYC Convention 

Convention overview; Officers; Business. 

26 Children's Sessions 

"Bullfrogs and Butterflies." 

t ^%w < 

2 People Are Asking. . . 


Included in this issue of The Brethren Evangelist is coverage of 
the 1980 General Conference of the Brethren Church, held August 
11-15 in Ashland, Ohio. This coverage begins on the front cover 
and continues on pages I 1-26. 

In order to include this Conference review, it was necessary to delay 
publication of this issue of the Evangelist. We are sorry about this 
delay. It was also necessary to postpone for one month publication of 
news about Brethren people and churches that usually appears in the 
"Update" section. Look for this material in the October issue of the 

September 1980 


Rev. William Kerner is shown 
before the Conference theme 
banner as he delivers the 1980 
Moderator's address. 

The Recovery of Brethren Vision 

The 1980 Moderator's address of Rev. William Kerner. 

TESUS said, "I am the way, the truth, and 
^ the hfe" (John 14:6). The words of our 
theme demand our attention as we hve in 
these times of stress and rapid change. Just 
to know that Jesus is the only way to God, 
the key to all truth, and the bread of life 
should fill us to overflowing with joy. Think 
of it! Jesus Christ, the Lord of all life! 

As we face the challenges of our day in 
a world falling apart, we do well to recall 
that the Brethren are a ''Christ-centered" 
people. It was in a time much like ours, 
when Christianity was popular, yet life was 
being lived on a low level, that the Brethren 
Church came into existence to fill a great 
spiritual need. The Reformation had done 
much toward forming sound doctrine. Justi- 
fication by faith in Christ was emphasized, 
and a stable foundation for following Jesus 
had been laid. Nevertheless, people were be- 
coming ''Christian" by merely accepting be- 
liefs as expressed by creeds, but were in- 
different to any "new life" in Christ. In 
other words, the Bible had little authority 
in the lives of the believers. 

Alexander Mack and others searched the 
Scriptures to find a better way and a closer 
walk with God. Simple obedience to the 
teachings of Jesus Christ was that way. 
We need to recover that vision for our day 
— the vision of being disciples of Christ and 
following His teachings. We should not 
spend our energies looking back to past 
days. But being aware of and heeding the 
lessons of our history, let us look to the 
future and the race that is set before us in 
these days at the close of the 20th century. 

To grow in number and to be what God 
has called us to be, we must know who we 
are, what we believe, and why we believe 
it. Kenneth Kantzer, in an editorial in 
Christianity Today (12/12/79), says that 
"Evangelicals need a clearer understanding 
of what they believe and why — even to the 
person and work of Christ. Their proclama- 
tion must be backed by both biblical doc- 
trine and practice." He then concludes by 
saying, "Evangelicals must make their in- 
fluence felt in society at large now, or lose 
an opportunity that might not come again 
for another hundred years, if ever." 

In our day of disillusionment and despair, 
when people are desperate for an alterna- 
native lifestyle, we, as Brethren, have much 
to say to God's lost children. And we must, 
like the early Christians, be ready and will- 
ing to tell everybody that Jesus Christ is 
Lord! To help recover this vision in our 
day, let us review four areas of our faith. 

I. Our View of the Bible 

Brethren believe that the Bible is the in- 
fallible Word of God. We believe that the 
Bible is the real authority and the final 
court of appeals in all matters of faith and 
practice in the life of the believer. 

The Brethren began in and with Bible 
study and the power of the Holy Spirit. Its 
founders pondered over the pages of the 
Word to discover just what it had to say, 
and they were brave enough to live by its 
teachings, come what may. We need to re- 
cover that vision. We must be that kind of 

The Brethren Evangelist 

people in our troubled world. Each indi- 
vidual Brethren must continually ask, 
''What does the Bible say?" Then we must 
be willing to accept the teachings of Christ 
as our final authority. 

Elder George Solomon talked about this 
in a recent issue of The Brethren Evangelist 
(August 1979). He said, 'If the Brethren 
Church is to grow, it must not only possess 
the gospel, it must proclaim and practice the 
gospel." What I hear him saying is, that to 
meet the challenges ahead in the closing 
decades of the 20th century, we need to 
have a strong unshaken faith in the au- 
thority of the Scriptures and a sound 
method of interpretation. You have heard 
it said that everyone has his own interpre- 
tation of the Bible. But if that can be true, 
then God does not speak to us with a clear 
voice. Our faith is meaningless. And worst 
of all, the Bible has no message for us or 
authority over our lives. 

The Brethren agree with the other Ana- 
baptists that Jesus Christ is the central 
theme of the Bible and that we should see 
Christ on every page of His Word. One man 
says, "The Bible is the portrait of Jesus 
Christ," and that "our greatest need today 
is an enlarged vision of Him" (J. Stott). 

Our faith and experience must center on 
the living Christ. We believe in a Christ- 
centered interpretation of the Bible because 
Jesus Himself taught the principle of a 
Christ-centered hermeneutic. He told the re- 
ligious leaders of his day, "You diligently 

"One of the most important 
things that binds us together 
as Brethren is our Christ- 
centered view of the Bible,'' 

study the Scriptures because you think that 
by them you possess eternal life. These are 
the Scriptures that testify about me" (John 
5:30). Jesus also told His disciples, "Every- 
thing must be fulfilled that is written about 
me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets, and 
the Psalms. Then he opened their minds so 
that they could understand the Scriptures" 
(Luke 24:44 ff.). Is it any wonder, then, 
that the early Christians proclaimed the 
mighty acts of God in the person of Jesus 
Christ? And the early Brethren did the 

One of the most important things that 
binds us together as Brethren is our Christ- 
centered view of the Bible. And good prin- 
ciples of interpretation are necessary so 
that we may hear God speaking to us today 

and then tell others what God has done in 
Jesus Christ. What better can we do than 
proclaim that Christ is both the "Key" to 
and the "Lord" of the Scriptures, and set 
ourselves to teach what He taught? As we 
follow His teachings, we see that as history 
unfolds, more and more of Scripture be- 
comes clear and new light falls on the Word 
of God. And we gain new understanding of 
the mind of Christ. 

II. Our View of Life. 

Because of our view of the Bible, we 
Brethren have a particular view of life. 
Elder Smith Rose, in Lessons in Brethren 
Doctrine, reminds us that we need to 
"Examine this view in the light of the prac- 
tices and teachings of the Lord Jesus 
Christ" (p. 53). Elder Jerry Flora and Dale 
Stoffer tell us that "To follow Jesus-that 
is what Mack desired above all else." 
(Evangelist, 8/79, p. 11). Our ethical em- 
phasis grows out of the "new life" in Christ 
that comes with conversion. 

Mack and his followers, searching the 
Scriptures, comparing passage with pas- 
sage, realized that the life of the believer 
could be summed up in the Sermon on the 
Mount. Jesus warns in that Sermon that, 
"Not every one who says to me. Lord, Lord, 
will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only 
he who does the will of my Father who is 
in heaven" (Matthew 7:21). 

Doing His will involves a body of truth 
to accept and live by. This is the basic rea- 
son why Bible study is so important to the 
Brethren. We search the Scriptures for "His 
will" in all situations so that our lives will 
be the expression of our love for Christ. 
Mack and his followers saw this truth and 
so tried to avoid the excesses of the pietism 
of their day. They held that the Sermon on 
the Mount is addressed to all followers of 
Jesus Christ. Because they were Christians, 
these were the instructions on how they 
were to live. 

The importance of the Sermon on the 
Mount to Bible-believing people is best 
summed up by Martyn Lloyd- Jones: "There 
is no teaching to be found in the Sermon on 
the Mount which is not also found in the 
various Epistles. It is the grand and perfect 
elaboration of what our Lord called the 
'New Commandment.' Since we as believers 
already belong to the age to come, the Ser- 
mon on the Mount tells us how to love God, 
how to act toward each other, and how to 
be the salt of the earth and the light of the 
world" (Sermon on the Mount, introduc- 

There is an awareness in our day that 

(continued on next page) 

September 1980 

Western culture is declining and that we 
ought to bo living in a better way. Among 
Christians, even though we speak much of 
being *'born again," we find we are breeding 
"Christians" without a change of lifestyle. 
One writer in Christianity Today says, 
"Many people never seem to be taught just 
what conversion means. They register a de- 
cision for Christ, but there is no content to 
it. Conversion is a change of mood, of 
friends, of opinion, but not daily life. It does 
not reach the level of behavior. It does not 
include moral change" (Klaus Bockmuhl, 

Brethren believe that with the "new 
birth" comes new behavior. This is why 
they spoke much of regeneration and its 
effects in the life of the believer. Because 
of this view of life, the Brethren have much 
to offer a world that has lost hope and is 
fed up with the abyss of hedonism and 

Brethren take literally the teachings of 
Jesus that we belong to the kingdom of God 
now and that this relationship supersedes 
all others in our lives. Some may say, "I'm 
only a sinner saved by grace." But the 
Brethren went further than that and said, 
"I'm redeemed." They realized that only 
what is of value can be redeemed. And to be 
redeemed means that we are the people of 
God, children of the King! Because of this, 
we can live a higher type of life, a Christ- 
like life in all our activities by the power of 
the Holy Spirit. One writer states, "They 
insisted that the Holy Spirit could take sons 
and daughters of Adam and make them 
genuinely Christlike" (J. Wenger). We 
need to recover this vision — the vision that 
our lifestyle is exhibit "A" to our families 
and to the world. 

III. Our View of the Church. 

We conclude from the writings of Alex- 
ander Mack that he felt they were recover- 
ing what the New Testament said that the 
church should be: the "new people" of God. 
They believed, therefore, that the church of 
Jesus Christ was a visible church, as visible 
as the life of each individual believer. As 
such, the church was a voluntary, covenant- 
ing community. We need to recover that 
vision for our generation. This vision views 
the body of Christ as being made up of 
those who have responded to the grace of 
God in Jesus Christ, turned their backs on 
sin, voluntarily taking up the cross of 
discipleship, and being obedient followers 
of the Lord Jesus. The church in the Breth- 
ren view, then, is a company of the re- 
deemed gathered around the living Christ 
as committed disciples. 

''Brethren believe that 
with the 'new birth' 
comes new behavior,'' 

Elder Fred Burkey says, "The founders 
of the German Baptist Brethren were a 
quiet, serious evangelical people whose re- 
ligious ambition was to be completely 
obedient to the teachings of the New Testa- 
ment — it was in a spirit of Agape such as 
could not be generated by human will oi' 
effort, but by God only, that made the 
Brethren a distinctive group in the eyes of 
their contemporaries" ("Christian Educa- 
tion and the Genius of Brethrenism," 
A.T.B., 1969, p. 17 ff.). We need to recover 
that vision. 

The Brethren also emphasized community 
as opposed to individualism. As a voluntary, 
covenanting community, they were a fellow- 
ship people. For the early Christian, Scrip- 
ture, fellowship, breaking of bread, and 
prayer were all important. And all four 
were necessary for a healthy, growing body 
of Christ. 

Elder Richard Allison, writing about "The 
Genius of Brethrenism," says, "The Brethren 
were a fellowship people. Liturgical lean- 
ings find little support from Brethren tra- 
dition. Our strength is found in that we 
have learned to bare our souls before God 
and each other. A world that has been con- 
ditioned to live behind a mask is willing to 
take a second look at a fellowship of love, 
acceptance, and forgiveness. A world that 
has lost its personhood suddenly becomes 
alive in an atmosphere of love, acceptance, 
and forgiveness" (A.T.B., 1969, p. 26). 

Love is the evidence that fellowship is 
working. Jesus said that this is the "mark 
of a Christian," that "All men will know 
that you are my disciples if you love one 
another" (John 13:35). We must enjoy our 
life in Christ, and we must enjoy our com- 
mon life together. And we must develop 
this fellowship before our family, friends, 
and strangers. 

It is important to note that the Bible 
never speaks of our fellowship with one an- 
other in isolation from our fellowship v/ith 
God. These two great blessings go together. 
As Christians live a life of fellowship with 
God, we are linked with one another, for we 
all share the common life that God has 
given us through the Holy Spirit. This lovo 
that God has shown for us in Jesus Christ 
and our joy in having Him as Lord of our 


The Brethren Evangelist 

lives causes us to be His followers. And this 
joy becomes so great that we must tell 
others about it. This brings us to another 

IV» Our View of Outreach. 

Out of our Brethren belief about the 
church as a new lifestyle community enjoy- 
ing fellowship comes a natural outreaching 
for the lost. The Apostle John said, **We 
proclaim to you what we have seen and 
heard, so that you may have fellowship with 
us, and our fellowship is with the Father 
and with his Son, Jesus Christ" (I John 
1:3). We need to recover that vision. 

We, as a church, have an excellent mis- 
sionary outreach at home and abroad. This 
we must continue to support with our tal- 
ents, our prayers, and our possessions, be- 
cause a church dedicated to missions is open 
to the full blessing of the Holy Spirit. 

We need to continue to plant new 
churches. I praise God for the resolutions I 
have heard in the various district confer- 
ences on this subject. But to make evan- 
gelism and church planting a reality, we 
must be clear about who is to communicate 
the ''Good News" about Christ. The task is 
not for a selected few in any church, but for 
the total membership of our churches. Jesus 
said, ''As the Father has sent me, I am 
sending you" (John 20:21). Jesus is speak- 
ing personally to every believer. 

Let us recall that the early Brethren grew 
because they knew what God in Christ had 
done in their lives. Because of this, they feU 
strongly that the eternal destiny of their 
families, friends, and neighbors might rest 
in their hands. We need to recover that 
vision of urgency. 

the closest fellowship with Christ and our 
fellow believer that we have in this life, I, 
therefore, ask a question: "Do we discon- 
tinue the practice of feetwashing at some of 
our Communions in obedience to the teach- 
ings of Christ, or as an accommodation to 
convenience? Churches, pastors, and people 
should consider what we are doing in this 

(3) I recommend that each congregation 
provide for annual covenanting together 
with Christ and our fellow believers. A sug- 
gested covenant for annual signing would 

1. "I commit myself to the Lordship of 

Jesus Christ, recognizing Him as 
the Son of God and my Savior. 

2. "I commit myself to the membership 

of the Brethren Church 

with my fellow Christians, and I 
promise to be actively involved in 
the life and ministry of our church. 

3. "I commit myself, my time, my 

energies, and my resources to ef- 
fectively carry forth the ministry 
of Christ through this church." 

Such a covenant renewal would go far in 
helping us to be the "new people" of God 
and in binding us together in love. 

(4) I recommend that a General Mem- 
bership List be established for the Brethren 
Church. Since we are limited in the number 
of our churches and their locations, we have 
a responsibility to continue to love and 
nurture those members who have moved 
beyond the normal ministry areas of a 
Brethren church. A list of such members 
would be of great value in conserving our 
membership, in keeping the spark of Breth- 
renism alive, and in indicating areas for 
planting new Brethren churches. 

''Old of our Brethren belief about the church as a neiv 
lifestyle community enjoying fellotvship comes a 
natural outreaching for the lost,'' 

This review of four areas of our faith 
gives us a basis for meeting the challenges 
of tho 80s and to grow as God intended. Out 
of this comes the following recommenda- 

(1) I recommend that, as Brethren, we 
emphasize the primacy of the teachings of 
Jesus Christ in our faith and in our lives. 

(2) I recommend that, as Brethren who 
^ove Christ and follow His teachings, we 
give serious thought to our Communion 
practices. Remembering that Communion is 

Now I would like to present a challenge 
to all Brethren. I want you to carry a mes- 
sage. It's a simple message, and you are to 
tell it to five people during this year, before 
next General Conference. Here is the mes- 
sage: "Christ is the center of my life be- 
cause . . . ." Tell this to five people. If each 
one tells only five people during the year, 
when we meet again we will have told more 
than 75,000 of the Lordship of Jesus Christ. 
Will you take the challenge? D 

:eptember 1980 


Focusing on the Word 

Let's Have Revolution! 

In Ephesians 4:17-32, Paul calls for a revolutionary change 
in our lives, says Dr. Harold E. Barnett. 

WE live in a world of revolution! In re- 
cent years young people in many 
countries have overthrown their govern- 
ments. These are primarily political revolu- 
tions. But what we need today more than 
anything else is a spiritual revolution — a 
revolution in the life of every individual on 
the face of the earth! 

When a person is truly born again in 
Christ, there is a revolution. There has to 
be! Listen to the words of Ephesians 4:17- 
24 (NEB): 

This then is my word to you, and I urge it 
upon you in the Lord's name. Give up living 
like pagans with their good-for-nothing notions. 
Their wits are beclouded, they are strangers to 
the life that is in God, because ignorance pre- 
vails among them and their minds have grown 
hard as stone. Dead to all feeling, they have 
abandoned themselves to vice, and stop at noth- 
ing to satisfy their foul desires. But that is not 
how you learned Christ. For were you not told 
of him, were you not as Christians taught the 
truth as it is in Jesus? — that, leaving your 
former way of life, you must lay aside that old 
human nature which, deluded by its lusts, is 
sinking towards death. You must be made new 
in mind and spirit, and put on the new nature 
of God's creating, which shows itself in the 
just and devout life called for by the truth. 

Ephesians 4:17-32 deals with the walk of 
the believer as a new person in Christ, in- 
dwelt by the Holy Spirit of God. Such a 
person doesn't think like the ungodly, he 
doesn't talk like the ungodly, nor does he 

Dr. Barnett is pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Hagerstown, Maryland, and Executive 
Vice-President of Antietam Bible College and 
Biblical Seminary (formerly known as Broadford- 
ing Christian College and Seminary) of Hagerstown. 

live like the ungodly. When this revolu- 
tionary change comes to a person, that 
which pertains to the "old man" is put off, 
and that which pertains to the *'new man" 
is put on. There's no halfway measures 
about it. We're not saved 50 percent or 75 
percent. We're saved 100 percent when we 
''pass from death unto life." This means 
that we cannot put on the ''new" until we've 
put off the "old." Too many people try to 
put on Christ when they haven't put off 
the devil. They're trying to dress up a 
spiritual corpse! 

I'm reminded of the story of an under- 
taker trying to fit the body of a man into a 
coffin. The dead man had had arthritis of 
the spine in life and his body was all doubled 
over. When the undertaker would put the 
man's feet down, his head would come up. 
When he would put the man's head down, 
the feet would come up. Finally the exasper- 
ated undertaker exclaimed, "If you're dead, 
act like it!" 

Perhaps this is the case with many so- 
called Christians and church members. They 
claim that the "old man" is dead, but they 
don't act like it! In fact, it is often impos- 
sible to see any difference between the lives 
of those who claim to be saved and those 
who make no such claim. Perhaps this is 
because there is no difference, either in- 
ternally or externally! 

The old way and walk of the ungodly is 
characterized by "vanity of. . .mind" 
(v. 17). The ungodly have their "under- 
standing darkened." They are "alienated 
from the life of God through the ignorance 
that is in them, because of the blindness of 
their heart" (v. 18). They are "past feel- 
ing" and given "over to lasciviousness, to 
work all uncleanness with greediness" 
(v. 19). 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"This is the kind of revolution every man needs! Let 
Christ take over and overthrow the devil and his king- 
dom of darkness in our lives and let Christ he Lord 
of alir 

We all recognize the truth of this! Por- 
nography in books and magazines and on 
stage and screen is reaching new lows of 
degradation. Abortion-on-demand is killing 
millions of the innocent unborn. The sports 
craze, with its millions of devotees, is dese- 
crating the Lord's day. Alcoholic beverages 
contribute to the disease, suffering, and 
death of untold multitudes. Materialism 
(the god Mammon) is pursued by millions 
who live only for the pleasures of this 
world with its things. Secular humanism, 
situational ethics, pre-marital sex, adultery, 
homosexuality, violence, hatred for God and 
His Christ, home-breaking, blasphemy — all 
these practices are commonplace today and 
becoming more acceptable to society all the 
time! But when we put off the ''old man," 
we will put off all these and much more! 
Christ has taught us differently (vv. 20-21) . 

The former corrupt life of the ''old man," 
with all its deceitful, self-centered lusts 
(v. 22), is put off when we are "renewed in 
the spirit of [our] mind" (v. 23). This 
means that in our innermost thoughts we 
honor Christ. We are constantly being re- 
newed in the "human spirit" of our mind 
by the Holy Spirit of God. "The Spirit itself 
beareth witness with our spirit, that we 
are the children of God" (Rom. 8:16). 

This renewed mind of those in Christ is 
contrasted with the vanity of the mind of 

the unsaved (v. 17). In their ignorance of 
God, the minds of the unsaved are filled 
with "good-for-nothing notions" going no- 
where. Yet, isn't it strange that the church 
and her institutions often listen to these 
kinds of "minds" instead of those "minds 
renewed in Christ"? 

When we put on the "new man," we put 
on "righteousness and true holiness" (v. 
24). We put away dishonesty and speak the 
truth (v. 25). We'll be angry at sin, but love 
the sinner (vv. 26-27). We'll stop stealing or 
taking what we haven't earned (whether by 
thievery or by accepting undeserved wel- 
fare), and start working with our hands to 
support ourselves and help the truly needy 
(v. 28). We'll also stop our cursing and 
filthy speech and start talking in a way 
that will edify others and bring glory to God 
(v. 29). 

This is the kind of revolution every man 
needs! Let Christ take over and overthrow 
the devil and his kingdom of darkness in our 
lives and let Christ be Lord of all! Let the 
Son shine in! 

Some so-called Christians and church 
members haven't done this. They're trying 
to put a new patch on an old garment and 
new wine into old bottles. It won't work! 
We must become new creations in Christ 
Jesus. That which is alive must be sepa- 
rated from that which is dead. We cannot 
practice, support, or condone that which 
belongs to the old man. Let's reckon him as 
dead. Let's bury him spiritually, as sym- 
bolized by immersion baptism — three times 
for good measure. 

At regeneration we have initial sanctifi- 
cation. Throughout life we experience 
progressive sanctification until the day of 
complete sanctification in the new body at 
Christ's coming. The sanctified body and 
life of the saved person is "set aside" and 
separated from sin to live for God's use 
and service. We Brethren are to be sancti- 
fied, separated saints. What a privileged 

Furthermore, when we're saved, we have 
God's "brand" and "mark of ownership" in 
our very body and soul. The Holy Spirit 
Himself is this "mark of ownership." We 
belong to God, and He guarantees delivery 
at the "day of redemption" (v. 30), which 
is the rapture of the church. 

The Holy Spirit of God comes into the be- 
liever's life at the new birth, and He is 
grieved if we are not fully separated from 
the practices of the "old man." Therefore, 
we are to put away all bitterness, wrath, 
anger, clamor, evil speaking, and malice. 
These are traits of the "old man" too often 
seen among the Brethren. Rather, we who 
have put on Christ (the "new man") should 
be kind, tenderhearted, and forgiving, be- 
cause God through Christ has forgiven us 
— even though we didn't deserve it! 
Amazing grace! hcnv sweet the sound. 

That saved a wretch like nie! 
I once was hst, hut now am found. 
Was blind, hut now I see. 

Praise the Lord! What a change! What 
a revolution! Let's be revolutionaries for 
Jesus ! n 

September 1980 

1 980 Conference Revie^v 

The 92nd General Conference of the Brethren Church was held August 
11-15 on the Ashland College Camptis. Running concurrently with the 
Conference for adults was the National Youth Convention for members 
of Brethren Youth Crusaders and also sessions for grade school age 
children. The folloiving review presents some of the highlights of these 

The main purpose of this review is to inform you of tvhat took place. 
But we also hope that through this report you ivill receive some of the 
inspiration of the 1980 General Conference of the Brethren Church. 

Text by EVANGELIST staff. 

Photos by Bruce Ronk 

One of the special blessings of this year's Con- 
ference was the presence from Argentina of our 
fellow Brethren — Rev. and Mrs. Ricardo Rivero. 

Rev. Rivero is President of the Brethren Church 
in Argentina and editor of its national magazine, 
Testigo Fiel (Faithful Witness). He is also pastor 
of the Nunez Brethren congregation in Buenos 

Since Rev. and Mrs. Rivero speak almost no 
English, they were limited in their personal con- 
tacts with their American Brethren. Nevertheless, 
their friendly faces and warm smiles expressed 
their good will and endeared them to the Brethren. 

Both Rev. and Mrs. Rivero had opportunities 
to address those present at Conference (through 
interpreter Juan Carlos Miranda). Rev. Rivero 
was the main speaker at the Missionary Board 
service on Friday afternoon. He also brought 
greetings to Conference delegates during the 
Thursday morning business session. And on 
Thursday afternoon Mrs. Rivero (Nellie) led a 
workshop about Argentine missions, sponsored by 
the national WMS. 

At left, conse- 
cration service 
for the Kerners. 
Below, Moderator- 
Elect Brian Moore 
(rt.) presents 
a i,uft to 
Rev. and Mrs. 
y Smith Rose. 

At right, Nellie 

Rivero (left) talks 

VI ith Alaria Miranda. 

Below, Rev. Rivero 

(left) presents a 

message with the 

help of translator 

Rev. Juan Carlos 


Something else special at this year's Conference 
was the Thursday evening recognition service for 
Rev. Smith Rose, former Executive Secretary of 
the Brethren Church, and consecration service for 
Rev. William Kerner, the new Director of Pastoral 
Ministries for the Brethren Church. 

Rev. Rose, aided by his wife, Florence, served as 
Executive Secretary from 1968 to 1980, concluding 
his service in January of this year. This was the 
first opportunity the Conference had to publicly 
express its appreciation to the Roses for their 
faithful service in the national office. Tangible 
expressions of this appreciation were also given. 
Rev. Rose received a plaque, a three-volume set of 
The New InterEiational Dictionary of New Testa- 
memt Theoloigy, and a gift certificate. Mrs. Rose 
was presented some decorations for their home. 

Following the recognition service for the Roses, 
Rev. William Kerner, along with his wife, Trudy, 
was formally introduced to the Conference as the 
new Director of Pastoral Ministries. Following a 
few remarks by Rev. Kerner, a laying-on-of-hands 
ceremony was conducted, consecrating the 
Kerners for this new area of service to the 
Brethren Church. A reception followed. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Conference aufborlzes phases 2 and 3 
of national office organizafit 
approves naf, ordination cow 

s s 


Several significant decisions were made by the 
delegates to the 92nd General Conference in their 
business sessions, held each morning, Tuesday 
through Friday. Only one item of business gen- 
erated much discussion, however. That was the 
Moderator's recommendation that each Brethren 
congregation provide an annual opportunity for its 
members to covenant together with Christ and one 
another. This and other recommendations of the 
Moderator are treated separately (see next page). 

Following are several other important items 
from the business sessions. In addition to their 
action on these items, the 484 Conference dele- 
gates (306 lay, 126 ministerial, 26 cooperative, and 
26 district) elected officers and members of boards 
and committees, and heard and accepted reports 
of the various ministries of the church. 

NatioRal office orgainization authorized. An item 
of business that generated much interest at last 
year's Conference was a proposed plan of national 
office organization. According to this proposal, 
three denominational executives would be estab- 
lished instead of one. The three would be a director 
of pastoral ministries, a director of denominational 
business, and a director of denominational 

Last year Conference voted to implement only 
phase one of this organization — the establishment 
of a director of pastoral ministries. Rev. William 
Kerner will assume this position on September 

This year Conference authorized Executive 
Committee to "move forward to implement phase 
two and three of the National Office Organiza- 
tion as resources are available." Phase two in- 

Conference offering totals 

An offering was taken each evening except Fri- 
day during General Conference. These offerings 
will go toward the transition expenses of the 
General Conference administrative offices. 

Since Rev. Smith F. Rose's resignation as 
Executive Secretary in January, John D. Rowsey 
has served part-time as the Interim General Con- 
ference Coordinator. He will continue in that po- 
sition until the end of 1980. On September 15th, 
Rev. William Kerner begins his responsibilities as 
Director of Pastoral Ministries. The Conference 
offerings will help offset some of the extra ex- 
penses of this year of transition. 

A total of $3,738.90 was received in the four 
evening offerings. Additional offerings received 
since Conference have brought this total to 

volves the establishment of a director of denom- 
inational business, and phase three the establish- 
ment of a director of denominational ministries. 

National Ordination Council approved. Acting 
upon a recommendation from the National Min- 
isterial Association, Conference delegates approved 
the establishment of a National Ordination 
Council. This Council will seek to implement a 
national ordination policy in the Brethren Church. 
This action was referred to the Rules and Organ- 
ization Committee and will be brought back to 
Conference for final approval next year. (More 
information about this National Ordination 
Council will be found in the article on the Na- 
tional Ministerial Association on page 22). 

General Conference apportioniment increased. 
Conference approved Executive Committee's 
recommendation that the General Conference sup- 
port factors be increased by 25 cents, effective 
January 1981. The following chart shows the new 
support factors: 

Church growth index* 

Apportionment per index unit-j- | 



























*Church growth 




ip plus average Sunday 

school attendance 




attendance divided by 


-|-Example: Tota 

apportionment of a 

church with a church 

growth index of 225 wou 

Id be $1,068.75 (225 times $4.75). 

$57,000 budgfet approved. In another item re- 
lating to money, delegates approved a $57,(XK) 
operating budget for General Conference in 1981. 
Supporting details for this budget are to be de- 
veloped by the Executive Committee. 

Board of Brethren Church Properties, Inc., dis- 
solved. This board was created several years ago 
to proceed with plans for a Brethren National 
Office building. Since the Conference has no plans 
for proceeding with construction of an office 
building, the board was no longer needed. 

By Conference action, any assets of this board 
are to be transferred to the Brethren Publishing 
Company for investment in the Brethren Publica- 
tions/Home Missions Endowment Fund. 

September 1980 



Moderator's recommendafions 
three accepted, one rejected 

As a part of his Moderator's address, Rev. 
William Kemer presented four recommendations 
for consideration by the Conference. These recom- 
mendations, with the action taken upon them, 
were as follows: 

( 1 ) / recommend that, as Brethren, we empha- 
size the primacy of the teachings of Jesus Christ in 
our faith and in our lives. 

Conference approved the recommendation of 
Executive Committee "that each local congregation 
study the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5, 6, 
and 7) during this Conference year as basic re- 
source of Christian discipleship, which relates to 
the 1981 General Conference theme." 

(2) / recommend that, as Brethren who love 
Christ and follow His teachings, we give serious 
thought to our Communion practices. Remembering 
that Communion is the closest fellowship with 
Christ and our fellow believer that we have in this 
life, I, therefore, ask a question: "Do we discontinue 
the practice of feetwashing at some of our Com- 
munions in obedience to the teaching of Christ, or 
as an accommodation to convenience?" Churches, 
pastors, and people should consider what we are 
doing in this matter. 

The Executive Committee's recommendation 
"that this Conference go on record as reaffirming 
the biblical teaching of three-fold Communion as 
the only acceptable and valid form of Brethren 
Communion" was accepted by the Conference. 

(3) / recommend that each congregation provide 

for annual covenanting together with Christ and our 
fellow believers. Such a covenant renewal would go 
far in helping us to be the "new people" of God and 
in binding us together in love. (The Moderator's 
suggested covenant for annual signing is printed on 
page 1). 

After some discussion, Conference rejected 
Executive Committee's recommendation "that 
churches implement such a covenant as soon as 
possible after the General Conference and that the 
number of persons who participate be reported 
with the 1980 statistics, said practice to be con- 
tinued annually." 

Conference passed instead a motion stating: 
"The General Conference recommends that each 
congregation seek to come to a thorough under- 
standing of the idea of a covenanting membership, 
and, as God leads them, to implement the concept 
in a way which best suits their spiritual develop- 
ment as a congregation." 

(4) / recommend that a General Membership List 
be established for the Brethren Church. (The Moder- 
ator's reasons for recommending this list can be found 
on page 1 .) 

Executive Committee's recommendation that 
this recommendation be adopted was accepted by 
the Conference. To facilitate this, each local church 
is to send its entire membership listing, including 
names and addresses, to the National Office by 
December 31, 1980, indicating on the list those peo- 
ple considered to be outside of a Brethren Church 
ministry area. 

Brian Moore becomes new Moderator; 
Fred rinks chosen Moderator-Elect 

Next year's 


Rev. Brian Moore, 

saw lots of action 

at this year's 




Rev. Brian H. Moore became the new moderator 
of the General Conference of the Brethren Church 
at the close of the 1980 Conference business ses- 
sion. Rev. Moore, who served as Moderator-Elect 
during the past year, will now serve as chairman 
of Executive Committee and as the General Con- 
ference representative to district conferences. He 
will also deliver the Moderator's address and pre- 
side over the business sessions at next year's 

Rev. Moore is pastor of the Ardmore First 
Brethren Church in South Bend, Indiana. A 1966 
graduate of Ashland Theological Seminary, he has 
also served Brethren pastorates in Pittsburgh, 
Pa., and Derby, Kans. He and his wife, Amanda, 
have three sons. 

Elected to the position of Moderator-Elect by 


The Brethren Evangelist 

this year's Conference delegates was Dr. Frederick 
J. Finks, senior pastor of the Winding Waters 
Brethren Church of Elkhart, Ind. Dr. Finks has 
served the Winding Waters congregation since his 
graduation from Ashland Theological Seminary 
in 1972. During that time, average church attend- 
ance has increased from 70 to more than 250. 

Earlier this year Finks was awarded the Doctor 
of Ministry Degree from Fuller Theological Sem- 
inary. He did his doctoral work in the area of 
church growth. Rev. Finks and his wife. Holly, 
have two children. 

Only one other new person was elected as a 
Conference officer. That was Mrs. Norma Waters, 
who was elected assistant secretary. Mrs. Waters, 
a member of the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, served for several years in the national 
Board of Christian Education office. 

Re-elected to their respective offices were the 
following: secretary — Mr. Fred Horn, Sr., of the 
Ardmore First Brethren Church; treasurer — Mr. 
George Snyder of the Ashland Park Street Breth- 
ren Church; assistant treasurer — Mr. Charles 

Dr. Frederick 

Finks, pastor 

of the 




Church, will 

preside over 

the 1982 




Beekley, who is also the Director of Christian 
Education; and statistician — Rev. Larry Baker, 
pastor of the First Brethren Church of South 
Bend, Ind. 

^ * 

membership gain 

The Brethren Church had a net gain in mem- 
bership of tw" ty-ithree members in 1979, accord- 
ing to the national statistician's report at General 
Conference. While this is not an impressive gain, 
it is significantly better than the net loss of 498 
members reported last year. The graphs below 
show how members were gained and lost in 1979. 

The total membership of the Brethren Church 
as of the end of 1979 was 15,170. Average Sunday 
morning worship attendance for the year was 
9,996 (about 66 percent of the membership). 

Fifty-six churches (51% of the total reporting) 
showed an increase in membership in 1979. The 

ten Brethren churches with the greatest increase 
in total membership were as follows: 

Church Increase 

Jefferson (Goshen), Indiana 51 

West Alexandria, Ohio 34 

Winding Waters (Elkhart), Indiana 26 

Derby, Kansas 21 

Peru, Indiana 21 

Brandon, Florida 19 

Oakville, Indiana 18 

Hagerstown, Maryland 17 

Muncie, Indiana 17 

Brighton Chapel, Indiana 16 

Facts About Our Denominational Membership 

How We Gained Members 



1.091 Gained 



How We Lost Members 





1.068 Lost 

September 1980 


s pecial speakers and services 

Crusaders and Interns share blessings 
of their 1980 summer of service 

"Crusader Review" has become a traditional 
highlight of CJonference week. This year was no 
exception, as the 1980 Summer Crusaders and 
Interns presented an informative, entertaining, and 
heartwarming program to a large audience of 
youth and adults on Tuesday evening. 

Charles Beekley, Director of Christian Educa- 
tion, opened the review with a brief overview of 
the summer. He stated that this year's Crusader 
Program, now in its 11th year, had reached 34 
Brethren churches, three district camps, and a 
district conference, not to mention many nursing 
homes, shopping malls, and a Methodist church. 

"SONKIST" (Chip Keplinger, Jody Wagstaff, 
Becky Sandridge, Joyce Ronk) was next on the 
program. They led the audience in a couple of the 
Bible school songs they had taught the children 
over the summer, followed by a sample of the kind 
of puppet shows they had used in Bible school 
openings. Captain Chip also talked about some of 
the summer's highlights, and then Jody and Joyce 
sang "Jesus, I Heard You Had a Big House." 

"SALT" (Jean Troup, Carolyn Miller, Dave 
Logan, Dale Myers) decided to give each of its 
team members equal time. Dale read a touching 
poem he had written during the summer, which 
revealed his feelings about personal growth. Dave 
told of his personal growth, also, and of the call- 
ing to the ministry w'hich he experienced over 
the summer. Carolyn talked briefly of her sum- 
mer experience, then sang "I Am Your Servant". 
Jean concluded by summing up the summer's 

Greg Brelsford, Pastoral Intern, gave a brief 
talk about his summer of leaming-by-doing at the 
Dutchtown Brethren Church. He expressed ap- 
preciation to Rev. James Sluss for working with 
him and letting him explore the many aspects of 
the pastoral ministry. Gregg said the experience 
was invaluable and that he is now more open to 
God's leading in his life. 

"HIS DISCIPLES" (Jill Slee, Jeanitta Lanter, 
Sally Holmes, LeAnne Icenhour) told their sum- 
mer story through puppets. Using a tape narrated 
by this team, the puppets told of the hard work 
the girls had experienced during the summer, the 
lessons they had learned, and their fond memories. 
Captain Jill Slee then gave a run-down of the 
places the team had been, and all four girls 
joined in singing "Shine." 

Fresh off the plane from Mexico, Missionary 
Interns Barb Frendi and Gwen Holsinger arrived 
in Ashland just in time for the evening festivi- 
ties. They shared their missionary work through 
slides and gave some interesting accounts of the 
cultural lessons they had learned. It was exciting 

to hear of the response of the Mexican people to 
this new mission. 

"ONE SPIRIT" (John Crowe, Susie Rowsey, 
Evan Bridenstine, Laurie Gould, Mark Thomson, 
Amy Icenhour, Dave Stone, Jill Slabaugh, John 
Gilmer, and Kathleen Wilson) brought the 
last team report of the evening through song and 
testimony. Using Matthew 6:25-34 as his text, Evan 
talked about our needless worry over food and 
clothing, then introduced the song, "God Takes 
Care of the Flowers," which he wrote. Captain 
John Crowe followed by sharing some rough times 
the team had encountered (i.e., his illness and hos- 
pitalization midway through the summer) and 
how God had been present with them, helping 
them to continue on with His strength. The entire 
team sang "He's the Hand on My Shoulder" and 
"Mansion Builder." 

Appreciation was expressed to the people of the 
Brethren Church for making the Crusader Pro- 
gram possible, as "ONE SPIRIT" sang "The Thank 
You Song." 

The program concluded with all the Crusaders 
singing "Like a River Glorious," accompanied by 
Susie Rowsey on piano and John Gilmer on 

— Julie Schiefer 

World Relief is 
of human need, 

Seventy-five percent of the people who have ever 
lived on the earth are alive now. According to a 
United Nations report, there are 50 million refu- 
gees in the world today. 

These are two of the startling statistics shared 
by Rev. Robert Haslam during the Fasting Ban- 
quet at General Conference. The banquet was 
sponsored by the Brethren World Relief Board. 

Basing his message on Matthew 25:31-46, 
Haslam spoke of six categories of human need 
in our world: the hungry, the thirsty (those with- 
out adequate supplies of clean drinking water), 
strangers (refugees), the naked (those who have 
lost clothes and other possessions in natural or 
man-made disasters), and those in prison. He also 
shared how World Relief is working to help meet 
the needs of people in each of these categories. 

Rev. Haslam is Director of Church Relations for 
the World Relief Corporation of the National As- 
sociation of Evangelicals. In addition to speaking 
at the fasting banquet, he also led one of the 
World Relief Board workshops on "Fighting Hun- 
ger with Intentional Living." 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Laymen's spe 
fo examine 


**What kind of love does the world observe when 
they observe the Brethren Church in action?" This 
was the question asked by Elder Donald Miller in 
his message during the National Laymen's in- 
spirational service on Wednesday morning. Miller, 
who is from East Berlin, Pa., is a non-paid elder 
in the Church of the Brethren. 

Basing his message on Luke 6:27-36, Miller de- 
scribed three kinds of love. The first of these was 
"if love." This is conditional love, and is the kind 
Jesus referred to when he said, "If you love 
those who love you, what credit is that to you?" 
(Luke 6:32). Miller said that Christians Who have 
"if love" have not risen about the level of 

A second kind of love is "because love." It says, 
"I love you because. . .because you are my rela- 
tive, or a nice person, or an influential person." 
This kind of love is selfish. Miller said. 

There is yet a third kind of love, and Elder 
Miller called this "in spite of love." This is the 
kind of love God demonstrated when He "so loved 
the world" that He sent His son to die for sinful 
humanity. It was the kind of love Jesus showed 
when he received sinners. And it was this kind 
of love which Elder Miller commended to the 
Brethren Church. 

efing six kinds 
berf Haslam says 


H'tt (SI fif 

Following the Fasting Banquet, Rev. Haslam led 
a workshop on "Fighting Hunger with Intentional 

In addition to thi^ 
thought-provoking mes- 
sage by Elder Miller, 
Brethren at the Laymen's 
service were blessed by 
the inspirational music of 
"The Singing Thomases" 
— Rev. and Mrs. Carl 
Thomas and Rev. and 
Mrs. Rodney Thomas. 

Elder Donald Miller 

-. n _ 

Ashland Theological Seminary is observing its 
Jubilee year in 1980. It was 50 years ago, in 1930, 
that the seminary was established as a separate 
graduate school of Ashland College. 

To help celebrate this occasion, Conference-goers 
were invited to a Jubilee Service in the seminary's 
Ronk Memorial Chapel on Wednesday afternoon 
of Conference. 

The full-house audience enjoyed the singing of 
Archie Nevins, the piano playing of Ron Williams 
(you have to hear it to believe it!), the two-minute 
testimonials of various seminary students past and 
present, and the witty comments of service leader 
Dr. Charles Munson. 

The audience also learned. . . 
— ^that Brethren people gave $76,596.28 to the sem- 
inary operating budget last year, the highest 
giving ever; 
— ^^that ATS graduated 98 students in June, the 

most ever; 
— ^^that ATS had a record number of students last 

year (375); 
— ithat students at ATS come from 35 states in 
the U.S., seven foreign countries, and from 56 
denominations ; 
— ^^that ATS still has needs. . .for two more class- 
rooms, office space, a student lounge, and schol- 
arship money. 

Comments by Ashland College and Seminary 
President Joseph R. Shultz and a litany of re- 
dedication of the seminary concluded the impres- 
sive Jubilee Service. 

September 1980 


Special speakers and services 

Conference celebrates the 200th 
Birthday of the Sunday school 

The 200th birthday celebration for the Sunday 
school, held Wednesday evening of Conference, 
gave all who attended a chance to get into the 

And action there was as young and old alike 
joined in singing "Deep and Wide," "This Little 
Liight of Mine," and other Sunday school favorites 
that combine words, music, and motioiis. Inter- 
spersed among the songs were periods of testi- 
monies, when anyone present could tell what Sun- 
day school has meant in his or her life. 

The celebration was emceed by Rev. Larry 
Baker, pastor of the South Bend First Brethren 
Church and chairman of the Sunday School 
Growth Task Force of the Board of Christian 
Education, which sponsored the celebration. Rev. 
Baker, who is also General Conference statistician, 
noted that from his analysis of Brethren statistics, 
he believes that the Brethren churches that are 
growing the most are those where the Sunday 
school is strongest. 

Another part of the celebration was the viewing 
of a film called "The Incredible, Helpful, Hopeful, 
Growing, Changing Sunday School." This fine 
film looks at the history, value, and potential of 
the Sunday school, and is worthy of use in local 
churches. Produced by the David C. Cook Pub- 

lishing Company, the film is available for a rental 
fee of $27.50 from Christian Film Service, Florian 
Mannis, 2121 Ontario Street, Cleveland, Ohio 44115. 
The celebration concluded with the Brethren 
singing "Happy Birthday" to the Sunday school 
and enjoying birthday cake and other refresh- 

God's sovereignty is theme 
of WMS speaker's message 

The purpose of her message, said Mrs. Peg 
Rankin, was to expand our vision of the One who 
said, "I am the way, the truth, and the life," our 
1980 Conference theme. Mrs. Rankin, who shares a 
teaching and tape ministry in Michigan with her 
husband, spoke in the Thursday morning inspira- 
tional service sponsored by the Woman's Mission- 
ary Society. WMS vice-president, Mrs. Judi GJentle, 
led the service, which also included a musical 
selection by Mrs. Linda Geaslen, with a narration 
by her husband. Gene. 

Mrs. Rankin's message, entitled "Behold Your 
God," was based on Isaiah 40. In this passage, she 
stated, two precious aspects of God are revealed — 
God as Sovereign and Gk)d as Shepherd. 

In explaining sovereignty, Mrs. Rankin made 
use of the definition of one of her former Bible 
students. Sovereignty means that "God can do 
anything He wants to do, any time He wants to 
do it, any way He wants to do it, for any purpose 
He wants to accomplish." This, the speaker de- 
clared, clearly defines the Gk>d we are trying to 
serve — a totally sovereign God. "He is Lord 




whether you acknowledge Him as such or not," 
she added. 

God's sovereignty is demonstrated in Isaiah 40 
as He shows His lordship over gigantic things in 
nature, the nations of the world, and the leaders 
of the earth. However, Mrs. Rankin pointed out, in 
this same chapter God is also shown to be the 
gentle, loving Shepherd who is concerned for His 

In concluding her message, Mrs. Rankin chal- 
lenged her listeners to turn their lives over more 
fully to the One who is the Sovereign, as well as 
the Shepherd, of all. 

—Kitty Winfield 


The Brethren Evangelist 



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s pecial speakers and services 

Board of Chrisfian 
surveys fen trends 

Dr. Wesley R. Willis, Executive Vice President 
of Scripture Press Ministries, was the inspirational 
speaker during the Board of Christian Education 
service on Thursday afternoon. 

During the first part of his message, Dr. Willis 
surveyed ten trends in churches and Christian 
education which are observable throughout the 
United States. These ten trends are as follows: 

(1) An adult emphasis in Christian education. 
Churches that are growing are emphasizing adults. 

(2) A move toward multiple-staff churches. 

Dr. Wesley R. Willis 

(3) An increased emphasis in Christian educa- 
tion on building relationships, not just on impart- 
ing learning. Christians are learning to minister 
to one another. 

(4) A new openness to evangelism — ^Christians 
are more willing to share their faith and non- 
Christians are more willing to listen. He attributed 
this willingness to listen to the fear people are 
living with today. 

Education speaker 
in Christian ecf. 

(5) An attempt by churches to group meetings, 
so that there are fewer nights of meetings. 

(6) A low level of loyalty to traditional pro- 
grams, including the Sunday school. Programs 
that don't work are less likely to be continued 
just because "we've always done it that way." 

(7) A wider diversity of effective ministry. 
People are ministering in a variety of ways, some 
of them very non-traditional — in order to meet the 
needs of others. 

(8) An increasing difficulty in recruiting work- 
ers. People are too involved in other activities. 

(9) An increased attraction to dynamic leaders 
and to the "electronic church." 

(10) A realization that (Children need to be able 
to worship at their own level — with a return to 
children's worship services. 

Having surveyed these ten trends, Dr. Willis 
concluded his message by looking at lessons we 
can learn from the history of the Sunday school 
movement. From these lessons, he said, we can 
learn three reasons for the effectiveness of the 
Sunday school in the past. 

The first reason for the effectiveness of the 
Sunday school was that it focused on the Word 
of God. The Scriptures were taught, memorized, 
and related to life. Secondly, the Sunday school in 
America was effective because it was a part of 
the local church and developed commitments to 
the local church. Finally, the Sunday school was 
effective because it was a lay movement. It was 
started and staffed by lay people, and this lay 
involvement is important to its continuance. 

These three lessons. Dr. Willis said, can give 
us a sense of continuity with the past, and they 
can provide us perspective as we face the changes 
taking place in the church today. 

Linda Barr named Educator of the Year 
in Board of Christian Ed, Service 

A wise counselor and confidante. An enthusi- 
astic leader and a willing follower. A person 
whose gifts of faith and wisdom have been a great 
benefit to the whole congregation. These are some 
of the qualities of Linda Barr which led to her 
being named Educator of the Year in the Brethren 
Church. Mrs. Barr was given this honor by the 
national Board of Christian Education at its in- 
spirational service on Thursday afternoon of 

Linda is a member of the County Line Brethren 
Church, Lakeville, Indiana, where she is ac- 
tively involved in the various ministries of her 
church. She is a member of a weekly visitation 

team, sings in the c^hurch choir, teaches a youth 
Bible study, counsels with people making decisions 
on Sunday morning, and assists with follow-up of 
converts and inquirers. She has also taught V.B.S. 
for eight years, is assistant treasurer of the local 
Woman's Missionary Society, and coaches the 
Bible quiz team. 

But perhaps her chief qualification for being 
named Educator of the Year is her work with a 
senior hig^h youth group and a young adult Sun- 
day school class. In the three years she has ad- 
vised the senior BYC, the group has grown from 
three to nineteen. And in just over a year and a 
half as teacher of the young adult class (for ages 


The Brethren Evangelist 

19-30), it has grown from two students to 20. 
Furthermore, the students constantly praise 
Linda's teaching ability and the quality of the 
class time. 

Nor is Linda's involvement in the Lord's work 
limited to her local church. In the Indiana District 
she is a member of the district board of Christian 
education, edits the newsletter of the Northern 
Indiana BYC, and is chairperson of the Indiana 
conference committee on committees. And finally, 
Linda is a charter member of the Association of 
Brethren Churcn Teachers, an organization spon- 
sored by the national Board of Christian Educa- 
tion dedicated to the improvement of Christian 
education in the Brethren Church. 

In addition to all this, Linda is a wife and 
the mother of two children. And in spite of her 
active involvement in the church, she must still 
find time for her family. For her husband, Rev. 
Gerald Barr (pastor of the County Line Brethren 
Church), says that she is an excellent wife and 

Congratulations to Linda, not only for being 
chosen Educator of the Year, but for being the 

Linda Ban receives a plaque declaring her the 1980 
Educator of the Year in the Brethren Church from 
Charles Beekley, Director of Christian Education. 

kind of person and servant of the Lord and His 
church who deserves this honor. 

EMU dedicafed of Conference 

On Thursday night of Conference, after the eve- 
ning service, an unscheduled event took place. That 
event was the dedication of an EMU. In charge of 
the dedication was Jim Hollinger, M.D., a member 
of the Jefferson Brethren Church. 

In case you are asking, '^ What's an EMU?" Dr. 
Hollinger has prepared the following answer. He 
also tells how this particular EMU came to be. 

EMU is short for Evangelistic Mobile Unit. The 
EMU that was dedicated at General Conference 
on the evening of August 14 was built especially 
for the new Mexican mission field by the Jefferson 
Brethren Church. 

The history of this EMU dates back a couple 
of years. Near the beginning of the Mexican mis- 
sion program, Juan Carlos Miranda realized that 
there would be special needs on this mission field. 
Because an old Mexican law requires that any 
building used for church purposes be given to the 
government, many church services are held out of 
doors or in the streets. Juan knew that a mobile 
unit would be needed to help carry the equipment 
for such outdoor services. 

Further, Juan knew that as the number of 
churches and Bible studies grew in Mexico, there 
would be more and more need for pastoral training 
seminars in various areas of Mexico. Accommo- 
dations and facilities would be needed for this 
ministry. It seemed logical that these facilities 
should be incorporated into a single unit that 
would be as flexible and versatile as possible. 

Juan explained this concept to the Missionary 
Board of the Brethren Church and the concept was 
approved and money budgeted for a mobile unit. 
A couple of mini-motor homes were found that 
would have served some of the needs, but they 
would have required extensive modifications in 
order to meet all the needs. This fact, plus a 

sagging Missionary Board budget, forced post- 
ponement of the project. 

Meanwhile other pieces of the puzzle were tak- 
ing form so that they could later fall into their 
place in God's wonderfully designed plan. One of 
these pieces was the Board of Administrators of the 
Jefferson Brethren Church. This board was having 
a retreat at Pokagon State Park during the late 
winter of 1978-79. The board's purpose was to 
evaluate 10 years of growth by the church and to 
project into the 1980s plans for the next decade. 
One of the long-term goals expressed at that re- 
treat was that the church should turn more of its 
energies toward missionary outreach since the 
local needs were getting whittled down to a man- 
arreable size. Nothing concrete in this regard was 
decided at this retreat, but a seed was planted. 

Months later, at the 1979 General Conference, 
Jefferson pastor. Jack Oxenrider, was talking with 
his former seminary classmate, Juan Carlos, about 
some of Juan's visions for the Mexican mission 
work. During the conversation, Juan mentioned 
his concept of an Evangelistic Mobile Unit. An- 
other seed was planted. 

Over the next few months, these seeds began to 
grow into a missionary project for the Jefferson 
Brethren Church. After several letters, some phone 
calls, and lots of discussion about what this might 
involve, the board and congregation approved a 
plan to look further into the possibilities of pro- 
viding an EMU. 

On November 11, 1979, Juan Carlos came to the 
Jefferson church to meet first with the men, and 
later with the church, to explain what he had in 
mind. A special business meeting was held that 
same day, and the congregation approved over- 
whelmingly spending up to $20,000 over the next 
four years to underwrite the cost of providing an 
EMU for the Mexican mission field. 

(continued on ne.xt page) 

September 1980 


Juan then met with a task force, headed by 
Larry Rhude, to discuss what he wanted included 
in the unit. Several men on this task force had 
experience in the recreational vehicle industry, so 
they were able to tell Juan what could and 
couldn't be done. 

Following this meeting, the work began in 
earnest. Dozens of people were involved in pray- 
ing, giving, and in working on the EMU. First 
design work was done in an effort to incorporate 
as many as possible of the features Juan wanted 
in the unit. Then a search for a vehicle to work 

The first dedication for the Evangelistic Mobile 
Unit was held by the Jefferson Brethren Church on 
July 27, 1980. 

with turned up a mini-motor home chassis that 
had only a shell around it. This unit had been used 
many months earlier for publicity pictures. The 
inside of the shell was completely empty and very 
much "in-the-rough." 

The long process began of tearing the unit apart 
and of putting it back together again the way it 
needed to be for the ministry in Mexico. Many long 
hours were spent welding frame supports, de- 
signing and building cabinets, installing plumbing 
and gas tanks, and running miles of electrical 
wire. Not to mention the time spent laying carpet, 
making cushions, sewing drapes, and doing the 
necessary metal and art work! There were literally 
hundreds of man-hours involved, with the men try- 
ing to meet at least twice a week to work on the 

Finally the EMU was completed. Then on July 
27, 1980, the unit was dedicated at the Jefferson 
Brethren Church, with the members of the church 
gathering around the EMU for a prayer of 

The unit was brought to Ashland during Con- 
ference week for inspection and a denominational 
dedication service. Following Conference it was 
driven to California by the Juan Carlos Miranda 
family, accompanied by Pastor and Mrs. Ricardo 
Rivero from Argentina. Very soon after arriving 
in California the Mirandas and the Riveros 
planned to begin a trip to visit the churches in 
Mexico, and the EMU would enter the service for 
which it was planned and built. Praise the Lord! 

— Dr. Jim Hollinger 

Four Brethren congregations 

ore this year's 

Models of Church Growth 

Enthusiasm; faith; vision; risk (a willingness to 
risk change). According to Rev. Arden Gilmer, 
who chaired the Models of Church Growth ses- 
sion on Friday morning of Conference, these are 
four qualities evidenced by growing churches. All 
four of these qualities were evidenced by the four 
Brethren churches that were chosen as Models 
of Church Growth for this year's Conference. 

The four churches were the Cerro Gordo, Illi- 
nois, Brethren Church ; the West Alexandria, Ohio, 
Brethren Church; the Brighton Chapel Brethren 
Church of Brighton, Indiana; and the Walcrest 
Brethren Church of Mansfield, Ohio. Each of these 
four churches told how growth is happening in its 
midst at the Friday morning Conference session. 

Watch for articles about each of these congre- 
gations in coming issues of the Evang-elist. 

Next year's Conference theme 
to be based on John 13:35 

August 10-14 has been set as the time for the 
1981 General Conference of the Brethren Church. 
The Conference will be held as usual on the 
Ashland College campus. 

The theme for the Conference will be "They'll 
Know We Are Christians. . ." based on John 13:35. 

Sixteen workshops provide 
information, insight, and 
ideas at Conference 

Sixteen workshops were available to Brethren 
at this year's General Conference. These work- 
shops provided an opportunity for Brethren to re- 
ceive information, share insights, wrestle with is- 
sues, and gain some ideas they could put to use 
when they returned to their homes and churches. 

The Board of Christian Education sponsored 
four workshops on discipleship. Individual topics 
for the four days were "Making Disciples at 
Home," "Making Disciples at Work," "Making 
Disciples at Leisure," and "Making Disciples at 

"Fighting Hunger with Intentional Living" was 
the subject of four workshops sponsored by the 
World Relief Board. Topics dealt with in the four 
sessions were "Why Enter the Battle?" "Survival 
80's," "Influencing Legislative Policies," and 
"Celebrate with Simplicity." 

The Brethren Publishing Company sponsored a 
workshop on "Planning for Continuity and Change 
in the 80's," and also two curriculum presentations 
— one by David C. Cook Company and the other by 
Gospel Light. 

Three workshops were sponsored by the Social 
Concerns Committee. These were "Family Rela- 
tions," "Alcohol and Drug Abuse," and "War and 

Workshops sponsored by the national WMS in- 
cluded one on "Argentine Missions," and one on 
"Women and World Relief." 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Dillards fo prepare for mission 
service in Latin America 

Two new candidates for mission service in Latin 
America were introduced to General Conference 
during the Missionary Board service on Friday 
afternoon. They are Rev. Robert and Mrs. Juanita 
Dillard of Sarasota, Florida. Rev. Dillard is cur- 
rently associate pastor of the First Brethren 
Church of Sarasota, 

The Dillards will travel to Costa Rica in Jan- 
uary, where they will begin language and cultural 
studies to prepare them for service. They will 
spend one year in Costa Rica. Upon completion 
of their training, they will be assigned to mission 
work in Latin America, either in Colombia or 
Argentina. ,■ 

During the Missionary Board service. Bob and 
Juanita had an opportunity to share their expe- 
rience of God's call to mission work. Bob reported 
that they first began to sense God's call at last 
year's Conference, when they began to ponder 
whether God would have them go to the mission 
field. After a time of uncertainty, their conviction 
grew so that by June of this year they were con- 
sumed with the thought of going to the mission 
field. Everything else, he said, was pale in com- 
parison. Juanita also noted the peace and joy 
they have experienced since saying yes to God's 
call for mission service. 

t,f A'/ o ' 

Robert and Juanita Dillard 

The Dillards have also had a chance to test their 
call to Hispanic mission work, for the Sarasota 
Brethren Church has a ministry to Hispanics. Bob 
commented that because of his contacts with these 
people, he can't wait to learn Spanish! Juanita 
has also worked with Janet Solomon (daughter 
of Sarasota pastor J. D. Hamel) in a day-care 
center for children of Hispanic migrant workers. 

As the Dillards begin a year of study in Costa 
Rica, they have asked that Brethren people be in 
prayer for them. 

All-Conference Communion concludes 
1980 Conference program 

The All-Conference Communion Service provided 
a fitting conclusion to this year's Conference pro- 
gram. After a busy week of information, inspira- 
tion, challenge, and blessing, this service gave 
both youth and adults a chance to sit quietly to- 
gether and reflect on all that had taken place. 

They were helped in these reflections by Dr. 
Charles Munson, who once again turned thoughts 
to the theme text of the week — Jesus' words, 'T am 
the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh 
unto the Father, but by me." 

Worship leader Mark Baker encouraged the 
Brethren to share their reflections with a word 
of praise or testimony. Many shared. Some told 
of miraculous ways God had met their needs in 
recent months. Others told of blessings received 
during the week. Still others just wanted to ex- 
press the love they felt for all those present. 

Another meaningful part of the service was the 

fellowship meal. This was not the usual roll, meat, 
cheese, and pickle many are accustomed to eating 
at Communion. Instead bowls of beef broth were 
served. These were eaten, not with spoons, but by 
dipping into it pieces of bread torn from loaves 
on the tables. This brought to mind that during 
the last supper Jesus must have eaten in a simi- 
lar way. For He spoke of dipping bread into a 
dish (Mark 14:20). 

The service concluded with a candle-lighting 
ceremony. Brethren were encouraged to demon- 
strate their renewed commitment to Christ by 
lighting a candle from three candles on a central 
table representing the Triune God. As person 
after person lit his or her candle, the dark room 
began to fill with light. Let us pray that this was 
symbolic of a renewed light these same people 
carried to their homes, their churches, and their 
communities as they returned from a week of 
inspiration and blessing at General Conference. 

September 1980 



Ministers hear Dr, Richard Dobbins 
discuss ordination report 

Messages by Dr. Richard Dobbins and discus- 
sions of a report of a committee studying ordina- 
tion policy in the Brethren Church were the main 
features of the National Ministerial Association 
sessions during General Conference. 

Dr. Dobbins, who spoke at the Thursday and 
Friday morning sessions of the Association, is 
head of Emerge Ministries, a Christian counseling 
ministry in Akron, Ohio. He was also pastor for 
27 years of Evangel Temple, an Assemblies of God 
church in Akron. Dr. Dobbins spoke Thursday on 
"The Minister and His Mental Health" and Friday 
on "The Minister and His Marriage." These mes- 
sages were so well received that the ministers in- 
vited Dr. Dobbins to return and speak at their 
sessions next year. 

The report on ordination policy came about as a 
result of a recommendation of last year's Confer- 
ence Moderator, Rev. Duane Dickson. In his Mod- 
erator's address Rev. Dickson recommended "that 
the National Ministerial Association consider the 
possibility of a ministerial accreditation procedure 
and guidelines on the national level." Conference 
referred this recommendation to the National 
Ministerial Association, which established a com- 
mittee to study the subject and bring back a 

In its report the committee recommended the 
establishment of a National Ordination Council. 
This council would be composed of the Director 
of Pastoral Ministries (who would serve as chair- 
man), the chairman of each district examining 
board, and a Brethren member of Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary faculty. 

The recommendation would not do away with 
the District Ministerial Examining Board. Rather, 
it reaffirms the role of these district boards in re- 
cruiting, interviewing, encouraging, and licensing 
candidates for the pastoral ministry. But to assure 
uniformity in ordination procedures, the report 
recommends that the district boards refer candi- 
dates for ordination to the National Ordination 
Council for final exam and certification for 

The report also outlined procedures to be fol- 
lowed in licensing a person for the ministry, 
recommended guidelines for ordination, and in- 
cluded an examination to be used in examining a 
candidate orally for ordination. 

Much of the discussion of the report centered 
on the educational requirements it proposed for 
ordination. The original report included among 
requirements for ordination a master of divinity 
degree from Ashland Theological Seminary. As a 
result of the discussion, this was changed from a 
requirement to a recoaninendation. 

After considering the report in three different 
sessions, the ministers voted to receive it and to 

Dr. Richard Dobbins 

spoke to the 

ministers about their 

mental health and 

about their marriages. 

A number of ministers' 

wives also attended 

these sessions. 


recommend to General Conference that a 
National Ordination Council be established. This 
recommendation was approved by the Conference 
(see page 11). 

In other business, the ministers re-elected Kent 
Bennett as their Association president, Gerald Barr 
as their secretary-treasurer, elected Richard Graver 
as assistant secretary-treasurer, and raised their 
annual membership fee from $1.00 to $3.00. 

Sisferhood girls hear missionary 
candidate, Nigerian nationaig 
ex-mlssl©naryi and niission interns 

National Sisterhood sessions were held on Tues- 
day, Wednesday, and Thursday mornings at Gen- 
eral Conference. Average attendance for the three 
sessions was 29. Norma Waters of the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church coordinated the pro- 
gram for the girls. 

The Tuesday morning session was led by Juanita 
Dillard of the Sarasota First Brethren Church. 
She was assisted by several girls of the Sarasota 
church, who took part in a skit. 

Wednesday's program was presented by Kitty 
Winfield of the Park Street Brethren Church, and 
by Elizabeth Falope from Nigeria. Elizabeth, who 
is an elementary teacher in her country, is now 
in the U.S. with her husband, Henry, who is a 
student at Ashland Theological Seminary. Kitty 
showed slides of Nigeria, where she had served as 
a missionary. Elizabeth shared experiences from 
her childhood in Nigeria which had helped her 
better understand her relationship to God. 

Gwen Holsinger and Barb French, who had just 
returned earlier that week from a summer in 
Mexico, led the Thursday morning session. They 
showed slides and told about their experiences as 
Missionary Interns in Mexico. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Laymen surpass 1980 project goal; 
enjoy Bible studies by Jerry Flora 

Daily Bible studies by Dr. Jerry Flora, professor 
at Ashland Theological Seminary, were the high- 
light of the Laymen's sessions at General Confer- 
ence, according to many of the men who attended. 
Dr. Flora based his presentations on the Psalms. 

Business sessions were also a part of the daily 
schedule. In these sessions, the laymen learned 
that they had surpassed their 1980 project goal 
of $5,000 ($4,000 for the Ashland College Campus 
Ministry, $500 for a seminary scholarship, and 
$500 to equip an evangelistic van for Colombia). 
The men contributed $4115.50 during the year and 
$1,679 at Conference, bringing their total to 
$5,794.50. Encouraged by this response, the men 
set their sights higher for next year and pegged 
their project at $7,000. Of this, $5,000 will go to 
the AC Campus Ministry, $1,000 for a seminary 
scholarship, and $1,000 for an Ashland College 

During their annual election of national offi- 
cers, the laymen returned most of last year's of- 
ficers to their jobs. Re-elected for another year 
were president Richard Morris, vice president Jim 

./' K" 

Dr. Jerry Flora led daily Bible studies from the 
Book of Psalms at the Laymen's sessions. 

Payne, treasurer Jack Stombaugh, assistant treas- 
urer Owen Nye, and assistant secretary Sam 
Anderson. Newly elected were secretary Harold 
Baker and vice president in charge of Boys' 
Brotherhood Virgil Barnhart. 

Fifty-six laymen attended the laymen's sessions 
as delegates. 

WMS receives $9,650.41 for Mendoza; 
renews this project for another year 

More than 200 women attended the Woman's 
Missionary Society sessions at General Conference. 
Of these 174 came as delegates and 33 as guests. 

These women brought with them from their 
local churches 901 baby blankets for World Relief, 
$9,650.41 in project offerings and $9,283.85 in thank 
offerings. The project offering will go toward 
mission work in the Mendoza area of Argentina. 
The thank offering will be used for the benevolent 
outreach of national WMS. This includes giving 
to Ashland Theological Seminary, World and 
Home Missions, Riverside Christian Training 
School, Ashland College Campus Ministry, and an 
AC scholarship. 

In their business sessions, the women elected 
officers, approved a 1981 project, raised WMS dele- 
gate fees, and cared for other business items. 

Re-elected to their respective offices were: 
president — Mrs. Pauline Benshoff ; first vice presi- 
dent — Mrs. Judi Gentle; financial secretary — Mrs. 
Sherry Van Duyne; treasurer — Miss Dorothy 
Carpenter; general secretary — Mrs. Trudy Kerner; 
and assistant secretary — Mrs. Kathie Jo Graham. 
Newly elected to the position of second vice presi- 
dent was Mrs. Charlene Rowser. In this position 
she will serve as patroness for the Sisterhood. 

The mission work in the Mendoza area of Ar- 
gentina was selected as the WMS project for an- 
other year. With the inflation rate in Argentina 
running 150%, the women felt that this work 
needed their continued support. 

Fees for delegates to the WMS sessions at Gen- 

eral Conference were raised from $1.00 to $3.00. 
This was necessary because of the increased ex- 
penses of having these sessions. 

During the WMS sessions, five societies were 
recognized for achieving 100% of the WMS goals 
during the past year. The societies so honored 
were Johnstown III, Mt. Olivet, and Pleasant View 
from the Pennsylvania District, and Loree and 
Oakville II from the Indiana District. The Brighton 
Chapel society (of Brighton, Ind.) was given 
special recognition for gaining 23 new members 
during the past year. 

The theme of the WMS sessions was "Follow 
Your Leader, Your Lord." The theme song was 
entitled, "Footprints," and was written by a Breth- 
ren couple — Jim and Susie Black. Jim is an Ash- 
land Theological Seminary student, and Susie is 
an Ashland College employee. 

Virgil Bcsrnharf leads 

Two Boys' Brotherhood sessions were held at 
General Conference, with Virgil Barnhart in 
charge. The theme of the sessions, which were 
held Tuesday and Wednesday mornings, was 
"Personal Responsibility and Personal Commit- 
ment." Each session included singing, a Bible dis- 
cussion led by Mr. Barnhart, and a time of sharing. 
Twenty-five boys attended the two sessions. 

September 1980 


BYC Convention 

Convention Overview 

by Julie Schiefer 

Approximately 200 youth gathered on the 
campus of Ashland College for the 1980 BYC Con- 
vention August 11-15. The week brought them 
new events and experiences, as well as the return 
of some traditional happenings. 

For the second year in a row the youth were 
treated to a Monday night "Kick-Off" following 
the opening session of the General Conference. 
Presiding were Director of Christian Education 
Charles Beekley and BYC Moderator David Kerner. 
The youth were fired-up with some "exercises" 
and song singing, led by Evan Bridenstine, John 
Crowe, and Tom Schiefer. Rules and announce- 
ments for the week were then given, followed by a 
time for getting acquainted. 

A new addition to the Convention was a sepa- 
rate "BYC Convention Booklet." The booklet con- 
tained the week's schedule, rules, a map of the 
campus, messages from the Moderator and the 
Director, and advertisements of local establish- 
ments. A place for recording attendance was also 
in the book, which helped keep attendance high 
at all events. 

One highlight of the week was the first-person 
presentations of biblical characters by Rev. Walter 
Kime of Dalton, Ohio. Rev. Kime portrayed Paul 
on Tuesday and Stephen on Wednesday. The youth 
were impressed with the realism of the characters 
as portrayed by Rev. Kime. The messages were 

On Tuesday the youth joined the adult Con- 
ference to hear the father and son Moderators' 
addresses. General Conference Moderator William 
Kerner spoke in the morning, and BYC Moderator 
David Kerner in the afternoon. 

In his Youth Moderator's address, Dave spoke 
about our Brethren heritage. He said that it is a 
priceless heritage and that Brethren youth need 
to stand up for what they believe. He challenged 
them to study the Bible and Brethren doctrine so 
that they will be better prepared to lead the church 
in the future and be the salt of the earth and the 
light of the world. 

Dave also made two recommendations regarding 
the structure of the National BYC: (1) He recom- 
mended that the office of Vice Moderator be 
changed to Moderator-Elect. This would give the 
Moderator a year of experience in order to more 
ably lead the youth. (2) He also recommended 
that the BYC Council be given a controlled amount 
of executive power, enabling it to take action when 
necessary to expedite the business of the youth. 

Tuesday evening was the annual "Crusader 

Julie Schiefer is administrative assistant for the 
Board of Christian Education- In addition to this 
article, she also wrote the two reports that follow. 


BYC Moderator 

Dave Kerner 

challenged the 

youth to value 

their Brethren 

heritage and 

to stand up for 

what they 




Review," which thrilled the nearly full house for 
two hours. (See separate report.) 

The Youth held their Project Ingathering on 
Wednesday, with approximately two-thirds of their 
goal of $15,500 received and more promised in 
pledges. A portion of this project money will go 
to the Brethren Publishing Company for its re- 
cently-established "Brethren Publications/Home 
Missions Endowment Fund." Another portion will 
go to the Crusader program. And a smaller 
amount will be used for BYC administrative 

Following the Wednesday business session, a 
time of recreation was enjoyed. This was led by 
Rev. Archie Nevins and Margaret Ronk. 

Thursday was scheduled as a "Skip Day," with 
the youth "skipping" all business meetings and 
spending the day at Lake Silverstone near Ash- 
land. However, the morning skies were filled with 
thunderclouds and the weather bureau promised 
storms all day. So "Skip Day" was postponed till 
Friday and Friday's schedule took effect on Thurs- 
day! It included final election of officers, the con- 
clusion of all Convention business, and a softball 
game (which also was canceled). The college also 
opened the indoor pool for swimming. 

On Thursday evening the youth enjoyed another 
unique program. "Small Change," a multi-media 
presentation by Heavy Light Productions, showed 
the small changes we have to make in our lives 
to really live for Jesus. Director Sam Smith ad- 
dressed the group following the show and gave 
them opportunities to respond with a commitment. 

Friday the Indiana Board of Christian Education 
made a quiz-team presentation to the youth. After 
an informative discussion time, the Indiana Dis- 
trict champion team from Winding Waters faced 
the Indiana All-Stars in one round of competi- 
tion. Following this. Prayer Partner Program 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Gregg Brelsford elected BYC Moderator; 
Chip Keplinger chosen Vice Moderator 

Gregg Brelsford from the Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland was elected the 1980-81 Mod- 
erator of National Brethren Youth. Gregg was 
appointed to serve as Vice Moderator at the 1979 
Convention in the absence of the elected Vice 
Moderator Jon Barber, but otherwise has never 
held a national BYC office. He is 19 years old and 
a sophomore at Wooster College, Wooster, Ohio, 
where he is currently in a pre-dentistry program. 
Gregg served this past summer as a Pastoral 
Intern at the Dutchtown Brethren Church near 
Warsaw, Indiana. 

Elected to the office of Vice Moderator was 
Charles (Chip) Keplinger from the Washington, 
D.C., Brethren Church. Also a "rookie" as a na- 
tional officer, Chip proved himself a leader this 
summer as captain of the Florida Crusader team, 
"Sonkist." He was also a Crusader in 1979, serving 
on the educational unit, "Ed North." Chip is 19 
years old and is a sophomore at Ashland College, 
pursuing a career in education. 

Returning to the office of secretary is Susie 
Rowsey from St. James, Maryland. Susie gradu- 
ated from Williamsport High School this past 
spring and is beginnmg her freshman year at 
Ashland College. Her major fields of study will be 
art and music. Susie was a member of the music 
team, "One Spirit," this summer, which toured 27 
Brethren churches from Iowa to Maryland. This 
is her second term as BYC secretary. 

Another returning national officer is Margaret 
Ronk from the Park Street Brethren Church in 
Ashland. Margaret is serving her second term as 

Convention Overview 

(continued from previous page) 

forms were distributed, and awards were given 
to the Top Ten Churches in the Project Ingather- 
ing. These Top Ten churches were: 

(1) Maurertown ($1,400) 

(2) Sarasota ($1,284.18) 

(3) Park Street ($1,180.67) 

(4) Cerro Gordo ($1,100) 

(5) Goshen ($1,000) 

(6) County Line ($560) 

(7) Peru ($320) 

(8-9-10) Bryan, Burlington, Mt. Olive ($300 each) 
(NOTE: Since that time Canton Trinity youth 
have given $500.) 

The remainder of the day was spent at Lake 
Silverstone (despite a few clouds), and the youth 
returned for the All-Conference Communion that 
evening, a beautiful ending to a full week of 

5V "^f--:.^ 


Greg Brelsford, 

the 1980-81 







assistant secretary. Also a sophomore at Ashland 
College, she is studying music education. In her 
spare time she gets some practical experience by 
teaching violin lessons. Margaret spent two sum- 
mers on the road with Crusader music teams — 
"The Crusaders" in 1978 and "Promise" in 1979. 

The office of treasurer this year will be held 
by Billy Hesketh, another sophomore at Ashland 
College. Billy is from Vandergrift, Pennsylvania, 
and attends the Pleasant View Brethren Church. 
He is 19 years old. This is his first experience as a 
national BYC officer. He has served as a district 
BYC officer in the past, however, and he presently 
holds the office of president of the Pennsylvania 
district BYC. 

Re-elected to the statistician's office was 19- 
year old John Crowe, from Bremen, Indiana. John 
is a member of the Nappanee, Indiana, Brethren 
Church and is currently a sophomore at Valparaiso 
University. He has also served two years as cap- 
tain of Crusader teams — "Ed South" (Florida) in 
1979, and "One Spirit" in 1980. This is John's sec- 
ond term as statistician. 

BYC Convention increases budget, 
raises fees, changes fiscal year 

Brethren Youth finances seemed to be the pri- 
mary focus of business at the 1980 BYC Conven- 
tion. Youth treasurer Russ King presented two 
proposals to the Convention on the first day of 
business. The first of these was that the BYC 
fiscal year be changed to the calendar year, rather 
than running from Convention to Convention. This 
recommendation was passed by the Convention. 

continued on next page 

September 1980 


Children's sessions 

Fiffy-six children, forfy-eighf staff 
make children's sessions a success 

Fifty-six cJiildren attended the "Bullfrogs and 
Butterilies" sessions for children during tha week 
of General Conference. Morning and afternoon 
sessions were held each day, Tuesday through 
Friday. Included in the sessions were class time, 
group activities, crafts, recreation, and practice 
time for the musical, "Bullfrogs and Butterflies." 

The children's conference concluded with a pre- 
sentation of the musical on Friday afternoon. A 
crowd of parents, friends, relatives, and other in- 
terested Brethren was on hand for the fine 

The sessions for children were sponsored by the 
Board of Christian Education, with Linda Beekley 
of the Park Street Brethren Church overseeing the 
program. Jeff Whiteside, also of Park Street 
Church, was in charge of the musical. 

Linda and Jeff were assisted during the week 
by a staff of 46 people from 23 Brethren churches. 
Earlier in the summer Linda had sent letters to 
35 Brethren churches asking for people to teach 
short segments during the week. As the figures 
indicate, the response was excellent. 

This was the second year of Conference ses- 
sions for children. Last year 39 children partici- 
pated, with all the staff coming from Ashland. 
With 56 children attending this year, the program 

The children gave a delightful performance of the 
musical ''Bullfrogs and Butterflies" on Friday after- 

is growing. But perhaps most noteworthy about 
this year's program was the involvement of teach- 
ing staff from many Brethren churches. 

One final note: In case you're wondering about 
the significance of the title, "Bullfrogs and Butter- 
flies," perhaps this line from the theme song of 
the musical will give you a clue. "Bullfrogs and 
butterflies, they've both been born again." 

BYC ConvenHon busiB^ess 

(continued from previous page) 

Treasurer King then recommended that an ad- 
ditional $600 be added to the present year's budget 
for Mormng- Star, and that $1600 be added for the 
BCE's administrative expenses. Russ explained 
that the BYC's support for both these areas has 
not changed in a number of years, while costs 
have far exceeded the contributions from the 
BYC. This recommendation was also passed, in- 
creasing the present budget from $13,300 to 

Lengthy discussion also took place over next 
year's budget, which was finally set at $15,800. 
This budget underwent some major changes in 
the travel area. Instead of allotting certain 
amounts for Council travel, Convention travel aid, 
and Moderator's travel, these were lumped to- 
gether into one travel budget. The Convention felt 
this would solve the problem of one area needing 
more travel aid and another not using all of its 

In other business the youth recommended to the 
Board of Christian Education that BYC member- 
ship fees be raised. The Board acted accordingly 
and set this year's fee at $3. (The previous fee 
was $2, set in 1975.) The membership fee helps 

cover the costs of printing and promotion for the 
BYC program. 

The youth also spent some time discussing the 
Prayer Partner Program. This program was begun 
several years ago to create a bond of prayer 
among the young people and to acquaint them 
v/ith other youth in other parts of the country. 
Operating on the "pen pal" system, the program 
was quite successful at first. Recently, however, 
participation has slackened and it was suggested 
that the program be discontinued. The youth 
overwhelmingly pledged their support for the pro- 
gram and their desire for its continuance. 

According to a report by BYC statistician John 
Crovv^e, a total of 967 youth were registered as BYC 
members in 1979-80. This number was up 20 from 
1978-79. John also presented a graph of age dis- 
tribution of BYC members over the past five 
years. This graph showed that the highest per- 
centage of Brethren Youth this past year were 16 
years of age, compared with 14 years of age the 
previous year. Statistician Crowe stressed the im- 
portance of reporting ages when registering in 
national BYC so that more accurate reports can 
be made. 

The new BYC project for 1980-81 Vv^as selected on 
Friday. This project will be a car for Brethren 
missions in India. Rev. Virgil Ingraham presented 
the need for this car to the Convention. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Association of Brethren Church Teachers 



Leroy Solomon 

"Bridge the Church and Home 
with Bible Studies," a "how to" 
approach for church staff and lay 
leaders, covers the elements in- 
volved for successfully planning, 
organizing, and executing small 
group Bible studies. Participants 
will be able to develop a plan for 
initiating this type of ministry in 
their own homes. 

Leroy is a graduate of Ashland 
Theological Seminary and pastor 

of the Gretna Brethren Church in Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

"Discipline: The Child Building 
Business" provides practical guide- 
lines for dealing with the need to 
maintain discipline in the Sunday 
School classroom. Participants will 
be challenged to turn difficult 
discipline situations into learning 
opportunities that help build 
better Christians, reading a child's 

Linda is a second-grade teacher 
in the Ashland City School system Linda Beekley 

and an Ashland College alumnus. She has had ex- 
perience in working with retarded children, teaching 
various age levels in Sunday School, and serving as 
a youth advisor. 

"Music: The Exciting Alterna- 
tive" offers practical suggestions 
for youth leaders, choir directors, 
children's department workers, 
and others. Participants will enjoy 
some singing while gaining valu- 
able tools for designing a music 
ministry or adding spark to 
some other area of C.E. work. 

Sherry is a graduate of Ashland 
College and has worked with 
music in the BYC, the Summer 

Crusaders, as a choir director, and leader of similar 


Sherry Van Duyne 

"Puppet Ministries for Young 
and Old" appeals to youth as well 
as adults. Julie shows how to 
work with rod-arm and human- 
arm puppets, including puppet 
manipulation and synchroniza- 
tion. Topics covered include start- 
ing a puppet ministry, construct- 
ing a stage, and proper grooming 
and storage. Youth leaders are in- 
vited to bring their youth groups. 

Julie is a senior at Ashland Col- 
lege and administrative assistant 
has worked with puppets as a Crusader and instruc- 
tor for Crusaders. She received training from Puppet 
Productions. Inc. 


Julie Schiefer 
the, BCE. She 

Register Now 


Clip form and 
'% return to: 

Board of Christian Education 

524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805 





ABCT member? D 


D No 

Check date preferred 


D October 4 

North Manchester Brethren Church 

D October 11 

Maurertown Brethren Church 

D November 1 

Milledgeville Brethren Church 

D November 8 

Vinco Brethren Church 

n November 15 

Asbury U.M. Church, Delav^are 


n Home Bible Studies 
D Discipline 
D Music 
D Puppets 


ABCT Member - $8 
Others - $10 

registered and prepaid at least 10 
days prior to seminar. 


In this election year. . . 





Inspiration — articles that will encourage you 
in the faith and inspire you to live a better 
Christian life. 

Information — reports of the Brethen Church, 
its various ministries, of local congregations 
and Brethren people. 

Edification — a magazine that will deepen your 
knowledge of God's Word and His work in the 

Communication — a means of keeping the lines 
of communication open among the Brethren. 



Continuing your subscription, either as an 
individual subscriber or through your local 

Encouraging other Brethren to subscribe or by 
starting a gift subscription for them. 

Sending a personal gift for the Publication 
offering this month. 

Urging your church to include the Publication 
Offering in its budget, and/or by recommend- 
ing that a special offering be taken for the 
Evangelist this month. 


This candidate has served the 

Brethren Church faithfully 

for 102 years< 






































t— ' 



*— ' 










»— » 

»— • 



r ■ 











As church growth thinking influences more people 
and more churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARM, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the Institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Getting the right focus 

Question. Our church membership and worship 
attendance is gradually increasing, but Sunday 
school enrollment and attendance are still drop- 
ping. Why? And do you have any suggestions? 

Answer, We have been looking closely at the re- 
lationship between church growth and Sunday 
school growth, and we have found some important 
new insights. First, while nearly every church with 
a growing Sunday school also sees excellent church 
growth, not all churches with a growing member- 
ship see Sunday school enrollment increasing com- 
mensurately. In fact, many local churches, as well 
as entire denominations, are seeing good church 
growth and declining Sunday school enrollment. 

We have discovered that the most important dif- 
ference between Sunday schools that are growing 
and Sunday schools that are declining is their view 
of purpose. Whether specifically stated or subtly 
implied, every Sunday school has a "philosophy of 
ministry" — a reason for existence. The purpose for 
being is nearly always different in declining Sun- 
day schools than in growing ones. 

Inward Focused Sunday Schools 

In most declining Sunday schools the "reason for 
being" is basically ministry to existing Christians 
and nurturing present members. While concern for 
spiritual health, personal growth, and the social 
fellowship of Christians within existing Sunday 
schools is important, in declining Sunday schools 
these concerns have become the preoccupation. 

What happens when the priority of a church's 
Christian education program focuses exclusively on 
nurture to existing Christians? People are urged to 
participate in the Sunday school because it will 
help them. The church and Sunday school are 

thought of as a refuge of intimate fellowship with 
other believers; a personal and spiritual center 
where believers are nurtured to spiritual maturi- 
ty. The programs, activities, and curricula are fo- 
cused almost exclusively on the personal concerns 
of the people. In most declining Sunday schools the 
programs, curricula, and activities do not reflect 
the priority of outreach required by Christ. 

Outward Focused Sunday Schools 

The purpose of most growing Sunday schools, on 
the other hand, is quite different. Outward-focused 
Sunday schools exist primarily to participate in 
Christ's Great Commission and to train and equip 
laity for ministry to the world. While concern for 
spiritual growth and nurture of existing Christians 
is a crucial part of the curricula and activities, it is 
seen as a means to an end, not an end in itself. 

In an insightful comparison of growing church 
schools with sharply declining ones in the United 
Methodist Church, Dr. Warren Hartman, Assistant 
General Secretary for Church School Development, 
found nearly twice as many lay people in growing 
church schools who saw the church school as a 
place for winning persons to Christ as he found in 
declining ones. 

The Institute for American Church Growth asked 
over 280 pastors and executives from various de- 
nominations, "What are the reasons for the present 
decline of the Sunday school?" The most often listed 
reason was: "Classes not concerned with reaching/ 
recruiting new people." 

In outward-focused Sunday schools the direction 
of the entire organization, events, classes, curricu- 
la, and activities focuses on one goal . . . making 
disciples; and the result is growth. God gives the in- 

Membership Growth 

Medina: 6 by baptism 

Corinth: 2 by baptism 

Mt. Olive: 5 by baptism, 7 by transfer 

Ardmore: 2 by baptism 

Linwood: 4 by baptism 

Denver: 16 by baptism, 6 by transfer 

Sarasota: 17 by baptism, 7 by transfer 

Gratis: 10 by baptism 

BYC Registration 

Ashland — October is sign up month for the new 
year of national BYC. Charles Beekley, Director of 
Christian Education, reports that registrations 
have been coming in steadily since mid-September. 
Special recognition is due one church that regis- 
tered 57 youth. The Board of Christian Education 
believes this is a record for one church. Congratula- 
tions to the Sarasota First Brethren Church! 

The Brethren Evangelist 

TT^rAe Brefhren -< • j 


In its 102nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor; 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75(' 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


/// \\(>n(/cr-\v(>rkini;s, or some 
hiis/i cifUinic, 
Men look for God cind fancy 

him concealed; 
But in earth's common fhin,i;\ 
he stands- revealed 
While ,t,'/Y/.v.v and flowers and 
stars spell oat his name. 

Minot /•'. Savai^e 

Vol. 102, No. 10 

October 1980 

4 200 Years of the Sunday School 

Dr. Richard Allison presents a brief survey of the founding,' and 
development of the Sunday school. 

6 The Tie That Binds 

Jean Lersch relates how she gained a new appreciation of 
Christian fellowship by participating in a joint Communion 

Halloween: Trick? Or Treat? 

Rev. Norman Long tells how the Pittsburgh Brethren Church 
teaches Christian values through its celebration of Halloween. 


I ^>» * 

Focusing on the Word 

10 Walking as God's Children 

In this exposition of Ephesians 5:1-20, Richard C raver reminds 
us of our responsibilities as children of God. 

* ^>^ < 

Ashland College 

14 New and Renewable 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz. 

15 Something in the Air 

by James Miller 

16 Renewing the Ashland College Campus 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz. 

18 A New Spirit 

by Dr. Frederick T. Barker 

> m t, ^ < 

2 People Are Asking . . . 
12 The Salt Shaker 
19 Update 


October is the nionth in which we celebrate Comnninion, Halloween, 
and, this year, the official observance of the 200th anniversary of 
the Sunday school (on October 5th). In this issue of the Evangelist 
you will find articles relating to each of these celebrations. 

On pages 4 aiul 5, Dr. Richard Allison presents a brief survey of 
the founding and developnwnt of the Sunday school. On pages 6 
and 8, Mrs. Jean Lersch relates how sJie gained a new appreciation 
of Christian otwness by participating in a joint Communion service. 
Ami on pages 8 and 9 Rev. Norman Long tells how the Pittsburgh 
Brethren Church teaches Christian values tfirougJi its celebration of 

We regret that equipmeiU breakdowns have delayed puhlicatior of 
this issue of the Evanghlist. 

October 1980 

TIHE origin of the Sunday school is credited 
to a newspaper editor living in Gloucester, 
England, by the name of Robert Raikes. In 
1755, being a man of some means and inter- 
ested in down and outers, he began a prison 
ministry. The theory on which he operated 
was this: Ignorance leads to idleness. Idleness 
leads to vice. Therefore, by means of educa- 
tion, one can eliminate vice. 

His program was aimed at teaching prison- 
ers to read. He employed literate prisoners to 
read to others or to teach others to read. All of 
this was during an age when the citizenry was 
used to seeing the masses neglected. In fact, it 
was accepted that hanging, whipping, and 
course food were necessary to keep the masses 
in their proper place. Many viewed Raikes as 
an enemy of society for attempting to induce 
the masses to be discontent with their lot. 

Raikes got his personal inspiration from the 
Psalms. 'T am never in so proper a frame of 
mind as when reading or repeating passages 
from that heavenly composition," he said. 
"They are my chief comfort and consolation 
when distress approaches; they furnish the 
language of thanksgiving when the heart 

In 1780, at 44 years of age, confronted by a 
high rate of recidivism in his efforts with 
prisoners, Raikes decided to make a change. 
For 25 years he had given his time to creating 
a new race by working with adults. Now he 
would turn to the children. The change hap- 
pened this way. 

Robert Raikes, 
founder of the Sunday school 

This statue of Robert Raikes stands on the legis- 
lature grounds, Toronto, Canada. 

200 Years 

of the 

Sunday School 

by Richard E. Allison 

Raikes sees a need 

One morning in 1780 he went out to hire a 
gardener. While waiting for the gardener's re- 
turn, he noticed a group of noisy, ill-clothed 
children rampaging through the neighbor- 
hood. He inquired of the gardener's wife to 
whom the children belonged. "Oh sir," said the 
woman, "could you take a view of this part of 
the town on a Sunday you would be shocked 
indeed, for then the street is filled with multi- 
tudes of these wretches who are released on 
that day from employment, spend their time 
in noise and riot, playing at chuck, and curs- 
ing and swearing in a manner so horrid as to 
convey to any serious mind an idea of hell 
rather than any other place." 

The situation was this. Children worked ten 
hours per day, six days per week in factories. 
Sunday was their only free day. On that day 
the children ran the streets and spent the day 
in immorality and vice. Farmers in the area 
had to take special precautions on Sundays to 

Dr. Allison is assistant professor of Christian 
education at Ashland Theological Seminary. He is 
also president of the Board of Christian Education 
of the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

protect their places and their crops from the 
depredation of juvenile offenders. 

Sunday was the ideal day for Raikes to con- 
duct his school. He would keep the children 
from their mischief. He would solve the basic 
problem by teaching them to read while giving 
them religious training. 

The first Sunday school 

The experiment began when Raikes per- 
suaded Mrs. Meredith of Sooty Alley to hold 
the school in her kitchen. (It was called Sooty 
Alley because of the many chimney sweeps 
who lived there.) The work was so difficult 
that Mrs. Meredith soon gave up. Then the 
school, which was for boys only at this time, 
was moved to Mrs. King's kitchen. May 
Critchley was the teacher. She lasted about 
two years and was paid 25 cents a Sunday for 
her efforts. She was followed by her daughter, 
Mrs. Sarah Packer, and in turn by her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Caroline Watkins. 

By 1783 there were eight Sunday schools in 
Gloucester, each having an average of 30 
scholars. Boys between the ages of six and 
fourteen attended. Discipline was an impor- 
tant factor. Each boy had to have clean hands, 
his hair combed, a good suit of clothes on, and 
a penny. If he didn't have a good suit of 
clothes, Mr. Raikes would buy him one. 

Classes were conducted from 10:00 a.m. to 
noon and from 1:00 to 5:00 p.m. each Sunday. 
The curriculum aimed at teaching children to 
read and write, with the Bible as the textbook. 
Following the first class in the afternoon, the 
children were taken to church for worship. 
Then they returned to a home to study the 

Eventually monitors, older children who 
could read, were set over small classes. As a 
result the paid teacher soon passed from the 
scene. Raikes' experiment proved that chil- 
dren from poor areas could learn. He found 
that it was possible to maintain order. 

Critics of the Sunday school 

But in spite of Raikes' apparent success, 
many said that it was useless activity and that 
he was engaged in sacrilege on Sunday. He 
was referred to as "Bobby Wild Goose and His 
Ragged Regiment." 

On the other hand, some influential people 
recognized the potential of Raikes' work. In 
1784, John Wesley wrote, "Perhaps God may 
have a deeper end thereto than men are aware 
of. Who knows but what some of these schools 
may become nurseries for Christians." What 
most clergy knocked, Wesley supported. 

Wesley's support was justified. By the time 
of Robert Raikes' death in 1811 (thirty-one 
years after he began his first Sunday school). 

400,000 boys and girls were enrolled in Sun- 
day school. 

In the meantime, other people had also be- 
come convinced of the value of the Sunday 
school. In 1790, the Sabbath School Associa- 
tion began the Sunday school movement in the 
United States. Then in 1810 the church got in- 
volved. This was the year that churches began 
to offer their facilities for Sunday school. 
In 1824 the American Sunday School Union 
was formed. Its purpose was to plant Sunday 
schools wherever there were people and to 
publish and circulate moral and religious pub- 

This was followed in 1872 by the Interna- 
tional Uniform Lessons, designed to bring bib- 
lical literacy to a population of which only ten 
percent attended high school. It prepared a 
study of the Scriptures based on a seven year 
cycle, which is still used by many Christians 

Sunday school in the 20th century 

By 1916, twenty million persons were en- 
rolled in Sunday school. Then this figure be- 
gan to decline. In the forties and fifties there 
was another upswing. But since the 1960's en- 
rollment has been on the down swing once 
again. While some people say that the Sunday 
school is alive and well, Rodney Toews of Gos- 
pel Light thinks that this is a little presump- 
tuous. "It's alive, and it may be well in your 
church, but over all the Sunday school move- 
ment is not that well," says Toews. 

The future of the Sunday school will depend 
on dedicated persons such as Robert Raikes or 
the early Sunday school missionary Stephen 
Paxton. Paxton had a horse that he named 
Robert Raikes. Together they traveled 100,000 
miles and in forty years established 1,300 
Sunday schools and enrolled 83,000 students. 
That's the kind of commitment that will guar- 
antee the future of the Sunday school! 



yeocr o 

October 1980 


The Tie 
That Binds 

by Jean Lersch 

SUNDAY evening, February 24, we three 
Brethren (including two sisters) entered 
the side door of the meeting room of the 
Y.W.C.A., the place designated for the joint 
Communion service. Already seated were sev- 
eral from the host Mennonite Peace Church. 
We shook hands with the greeter at the door 
and found seats at the back of the group. 

Others from the Mennonite congregation 
and from the Brethren in Christ fellowship 
came in clusters of three and four, finding 
seats near their acquaintances. The organist 
began to play devotional hymns. We had 
joined two other groups of Christians who also 
practice the Threefold Communion service, 
but still felt ill at ease. We knew only a few in 
the group. 

During the opening part of the service, 
when the leader spoke greetings and we joined 
in singing, our feelings of strangeness con- 
tinued. Perhaps our common heritage of com- 
memoration is not enough to facilitate fellow- 
ship, I thought. 

But then the curtain was drawn between 
men and women participants. The women 
gathered their chairs into a circle awaiting the 
feetwashing. Leaders from the Mennonite 
group placed basins and towels in the center of 
the circle. The women began removing their 
shoes and stockings and simultaneously the 
feelings of strangeness began to leave. 

The Lord surely knew how to arrange ice- 
breakers. At the same time that we removed 
our footwear, we seemed to be stripping away 

armors and masks. The feelings of not belong- 
ing, of not fittir>g in, began to fall away. Then 
when someone routed a foot basin the wrong 
direction and had to wash feet twice, we all be- 
came one. Sixty-year-old women giggling 
about this mistake seemed to open us to each 
other. I had never before considered this 
benefit of the first part of the threefold service. 
Our common humanness was exposed. 

The spirit of fellowship continued as the 
group rearranged chairs and set crock pots of 
soup on the eight tables for our agape meal. 
Levi Brubaker, pastor of the Brethren in 
Christ group, directed us to count off so that 
we would sit at small round tables with folks 

(continued on page 8) 

Jean Lersch is a Christian education consultant 
with Brethren House Ministries, St. Petersburg, 
Fla., and a free-lance writer. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


People with fears of the 
unknown. People like the 
members of Harbor Baptist 

When they first con- 
sidered refugee sponsor- 
ship, they had many 
questions: Where will the 
finances come from? Who 
will teach them English? 
How do we find them 
jobs? What will we 
do if they get 
sick? And 
how do 

we help them get over the 
loneliness of aliomeland 
they'll never see again? 
They rationalized: "We 
. know the refugees need 
«#^., help, but with only 67 
members in our 
congregation, there 
must be other 
churches that could 
do a better job'.' 
But, they 

stories in the newspapers and 
on television. People forced 
to run for their lives. Atroc- 
ities. Refugee camps. They 
knew they nad to respond. 

"Five days after we sent 
our application to World 
Relief, the phone ran^ and our 
family was assigned. Pastor 
Jack Smith relates. "One 
month later our family arrived 
at North Bend Airport. With 
their first smiling 'hello',' our 
great adventure oegan. 
Thank God we did not miss 
this opportunity." 

In the months that fol- 
lowed, sacrifices had to be 
made, but there were never 
any regrets. While they were 
teaching the refugees now to 
adjust to a new culture, the 

refugees were teaching them 
some things about apprecia- 
tion and how to maintain dig- 
nity while relying on others. 
Harbor Baptist Church was 
learning about cross-cultural 
communication. And they 
were becoming missionaries 
without leaving home. 

What kind of people 
sponsor refugees? Those who 
see more than statistics, who 
see real people in need, and 
who care. People who under- 
stand the ministry of uncon- 
ditional love, who are willing 
to run the risk for Jesus' sake, 
who have the confidence that 
God will meet every need in 
His own wonderful way. 
People of love. And people 
of faith. 

More than ever before, 
we need people who will pro- 
vide a new start for a refugee 
family— churches, Sunday 
school classes, businesses. 
People like those in Harbor 
Baptist Church who cared 
^ enough to make it happen. 

Experience the joy 
of being a missionary 

^without leaving home. 


Dear Jerry, 
I want to help! 

D Please send me more infor- 
mation on how our church can 
experience for ourselves the joy 
of being a missionary at home 
by spx)nsoring a refugee family. 

n I'd like to know more 
about Harbor Baptist's experi- 
ence with the Luu's. Would you 
arrange a personal phone 
conversation with members of 
the church forme? 

D I cannot sponsor a refugee 
family now but would like to 
contribute $ 

D We'd like to schedule the 
film "Strangers at our Door" for 
showing in our church on 

(date) 1st choice 

or (date) 2nd choice. 







Church position , 

Jerr>' Ballard, president 

B(^ix WRC, Wheaton, IL 60187 

The International Relief 

and Development Arm of the 

National Asscxnation 

of Evangelicals. 

we didn't yet know. 

At my table sat a Christian Mennonite who 
had spent weeks in labor helping disaster vic- 
tims in Louisiana recover from a hurricane. 
"When we left," he concluded, "they begged us 
to come back and start a church for them." Al- 
so sitting with me were a nurse, a retired mis- 
sionary, a retired minister, and the director of 
the Brethren in Christ camp in St. Petersburg. 
We began to feel like a family as we shared 
both soup and our lives with each other. 

Pastor Brubaker concluded that part of the 
service by saying, "We have begun to sense 
our oneness in Christ during this meal. That 
unity is not yet perfect. When we sit down to 
that marriage supper of the Lamb, we will ex- 
perience complete unity." 

Before we broke the loaves of bread sitting 
in the center of each table. Pastor Brubaker 
called on Phil to share his insights concerning 
the meaning of this symbol. He recalled for us 

the times in Scripture when bread signified 
meaning to God's people — God's provision of 
manna in the wilderness, Jesus' teaching that 
He is the bread of life, Jesus' breaking of the 
bread in the upper room with His disciples, 
and finally His broken body on the cross. 
When we all spoke those familiar words to- 
gether, "This bread which we break is the 
communion of the body of our Lord Jesus 
Christ," we further entered into oneness in 

Pastor Kauffman from the Mennonite 
Church then directed us to drink the grape 
juice after we repeated in unison, "This cup is 
the communion of the blood of Christ." 

We three groups of believers do share a com- 
mon heritage, not only in our observance of 
the Threefold Communion service, but because 
of our participation in Christ's death and life. 
The service itself was merely the tool to help 
me realize the fellowship. 

Trick? Or Treat? 

Norman Long tells how the Pittsburgh Brethren Church teaches 
Christian values through its celebration of halloween. 

SEVERAL years ago some of us here in 
Pittsburgh became concerned about the 
traditional practices connected with Hallo- 
ween. One of our first concerns has perhaps 
troubled you, too. That is, the increasing 
danger to the children who go "trick or treat- 
ing." You've heard about the drugs in the 
candy, the razor blades in the apples. We have 
too, and here in the inner city some of these 
dangers are very real. 

But we also became increasingly aware of 
the non-Christian aspects of Halloween — its 
preoccupation with magic and witchcraft. 
More and more we were seeing our children 
clothed as vampires, werewolves, witches, gob- 
lins, and skeletons. Although these may be 
nothing more than displays of fun and fantasy 
to our children, they depict things that were 
all too real to the peoples of older times, espe- 
cially the Dark Ages. Even in our own day we 
see an alarming increase in witchcraft, Satan 
worship, and other demonic manifestations. 

Rev. Long is pastor of the Brethren Church of 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

So we asked ourselves, "Are we teaching our 
children positive Christian values through the 
celebration of Halloween? Or are they (and 
we) being drawn, albeit innocently, into the 
exaltation of things demonic rather than 
things divine?" We decided it probably was the 
latter. The next question was, "What do we do 
about it?" 

Are we teaching our children 
positive Christian values through the 
celebration of Halloween? Or are 
they being drawn into the exaltation 
of things demonic? 

The first thing we did was to have a Hallo- 
ween party for the children at the church. 
That way, instead of being out on the streets 
"trick or treating," they would be safe in our 
church basement having a party. They could 
bob for apples, throw darts at a balloon board, 
play ring toss, watch a Laurel and Hardy film. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

eat refreshments, have a contest for the best 
costume, and take turns swinging at a candy- 
filled pinata while blindfolded. These are some 
of the fun activities we used with great suc- 
cess. I'm sure you can think of others equally 

But we were still seeing our children coming 
to the party in the most ghoulish outfits. So 
we dug further back into the history of Hallo- 
ween. We discovered that originally it was a 
church festival for the celebration of all those 
saints left over at the end of the year who 
didn't have their own feast day. Thus the 
name All Hallows' (All Saints') Eve described 
that festival. Having learned this, we decided 
to change the name, as well as the emphasis, 
of our party. We would call it an All Saints' 
party instead of a Halloween party. 

We encouraged the children (and the youth 
and adults as well) to be creative and come 
dressed as a biblical figure or as some well- 
known Christian figure from church history. 
We divided the judging into age groups and 
gave prizes for the best All Saints' costumes in 
each age category. 

We were amazed at the creativity of even 
the younger ones. There seems to be no limit 
to the possibilities. Challenge your children to 
dress as a young Samson, a beautiful Delilah, 
a strong John the Baptist, a lovely Virgin 
Mary, or perhaps an imposing Alexander 
Mack, and you too may be surprised at the de- 
lightful results. I stretched the categories just 
a bit and came dressed in a flowing cape as 
"Clergy Man!" One of the ladies puzzled every- 
one with her costume of Dorcas. Another gave 
a good clue to her identity as Rebekah when 
she came carrying twin babies. We had a glor- 
ious time guessing who each other was. 

For a quieter part of the party, we borrowed 
a free Laurel and Hardy film from the public 
library. We not only showed the film, but my 
son and I made the characters come to life 
with a live comedy sketch. 

Those who came to the All Saints' party were en- 
couraged to come dressed as a biblical character or 
as a well-known Christian from church history. 

At one All Saints' party, Rev. Long (rt.) and his 
son provided entertainment as a real-live Laurel 
and Hardy team. 

After the film, refreshments were served. 
Sloppy Joes proved a real favorite one year. 
Something a bit easier would be popcorn and 
hot chocolate or milk or Kool-Aid. Then the 
candy treats were passed out in paper bags. 
The candy and fruit for these were provided 
ahead of time by the people of the congrega- 
tion and were then bagged by willing workers. 

The evening closed with devotions: some 
singing. Scripture, prayer, and a short mes- 
sage. This message illustrated the truth that 
in biblical terms a "saint" is not some special 
category of Christian, but that every true be- 
liever is a "saint." Thus the point of the eve- 
ning was made, that this truly was an All 
Saints' party. 

We found that a good All Saints' party must 
be well prepared. If you intend to have one, 
get a committee together and make the follow- 
ing assignments: a person to be in charge of 
refreshments, someone to secure the donated 
candy and bag it up, someone else to plan the 
games and activities, another person to handle 
the costume judging, someone to secure and 
show the film, and someone to lead the devo- 

We've found it best to have several activities 
going on at once, with one person in charge of 
each activity. This gets the children involved 
and cuts down the amount of time they're 
standing in line waiting their turn for an ac- 
tivity. The pinata filled with goodies has 
proved to be a favorite activity, with each 
youngster in turn getting two or three swings 
with the stick. What a scramble on the floor 
when the pinata finally breaks. 

An All Saints' party seems to be a good way 
to "redeem the time," to turn around some of 
our pagan holiday festivals and capitalize on 
them, turning them into opportunities for 
Christian celebration. Why not try an All 
Saints' party in your church? If I were a bet- 
ting man, I'd wager you'd find it to be a "treat" 
rather than a "trick." 

October 1980 

Focusing on the Word 

Walking as God's Children 

In this exposition of Ephesians 5:1-20, Richard Craver reminds us 
of our responsibilities as children of God. 

THE Apostle Paul, in Ephesians 5:1-20, 
reminds us of the special relationship we, 
as believers, have with God. We are His be- 
loved children — members of His great family. 
In an age when the family's future is in jeop- 
ardy, we can take great comfort in knowing 
that we shall continue to be part of God's fami- 
ly no matter what may come upon us. 

But as God's children, we also have respon- 
sibilities. God has certain expectations He 
wants us to meet. In this passage, Paul defines 
some of those expectations for us. 

I. As God's Children, 
We Are to be Imitators of Him. 

The King James Version says in verse one, 
Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear Chil- 
dren. But the Greek text implies a relation- 
ship which is more demanding than merely 
following God. We are to be imitators of Him. 
We are actually called upon to become God- 
like in our Christian walk. We have often 
heard it said, ''Like father, like son." Expe- 
rience teaches us that much of our human be- 
havior is learned from observing and mimick- 
ing other people, especially our parents. A son, 
for example, may walk or talk like his father. 

The fact that we are God's representatives 
to this world should serve as a warning to us. 
As God's children we can be sure that others 
are watching our every move, our behavior, 
and out attitudes. All the while, they are as- 
sessing God and the Christian faith by what 
they see in us! The question each of us needs 
to ask is, "What is the world seeing through 
me?" The manner in which we imitate God be- 
comes increasingly significant when we con- 

Rev. Craver is pastor of the Highland Brethren 
Church, Marianna, Pennsylvania. 

sider the consequences of either our failure or 
our success as His imitators. 

Notice that Paul urges us to imitate God, 
not the preacher, nor our brother, nor our sis- 
ter. When we pattern our lives after a human 
example, we can easily imitate that person's 
faults and weaknesses as well as his or her 
good qualities. It is only the Perfect Example, 
the person of Jesus, who is to be our pattern. 

II. As God's Children, We Are 
to Follow the Example of Christ. 

If Jesus is the perfect example of what God 
expects in us, then we must study carefully 
His example and do our best to become like 
Him. Paul here presents three ways in partic- 
ular that we are to walk in order that we may 
reflect the perfect example given us by the 

A. Walk in love, as Christ hath loved us. 

The primary motive for Christian living ought 
to be love. In the English language we use one 
word for love and hope that others know what 
we mean. But the Greeks used several words 
for love, each with its own special meaning. 
Here Paul uses the work agape. Simply de- 
fined, one might say that this love always 
seeks the highest good for the other person. 
When we consider the love that God showed us 
through the death of Jesus on the cross, we 
have to say that this was agape love at its 
best. Any family, God's included, needs to ex- 
perience and exhibit this kind of love in inter- 
personal relationships. 

Such love is lost when people enter into im- 
moral sexual practices. We must remember 
that Paul was writing these words to the 
church in Ephesus. That church was sur- 
rounded by a culture that practiced promiscu- 
ous sex. In fact Ephesus, like Corinth, had a 


The Brethren Evangelist 

It is our God-given duty to consider our every action, 
thought, decision, and motive in the light of Christ/' 

temple in which ''sacred" prostitution was an 
acceptable part of the worship of the Ephe- 
sian's fertility goddess. It is little wonder, 
then, that Paul does not mince words in verse 
5: For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor 
unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an 
idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom 
of Christ and of God. These practices do not 
seek the highest good of the other person. 
Rather they exploit and degrade people. Such 
activities have no place in the life of an imita- 
tor of God. 

Today there are many voices around us, urg- 
ing us to accept deviant sexual behavior and 
attitudes as acceptable forms of love in the 
lives of God's children. Such urgings are little 
more than the voice of Satan coming from the 
pit of hell. When we allow this kind of love to 
replace agape love, we are no longer walking 
in love after the manner of Christ, nor are we 
walking as God's children. 

B. Walk as children of light. Paul obvious- 
ly saw the heathen life as a life of darkness 
and the Christian life as one of light. If we are 
imitating the walk of Jesus who is the light of 
the world, such a notion should not surprise 
us. As we walk as children of light, our walks 
in turn become sources of light to those who 
are around us. This has some significant im- 

1. It means producing fruit (verse 9). Chris- 
tians have an obligation to be benevolent as 
well as just in their daily relationships with 
others. We are to render to men and to God 
their rightful dues. Jesus told His followers. 
Render therefore unto Caesar the things which 
are Caesars; and unto God the things that are 
God's (Matt. 22:21). We cannot divorce our 
daily lives from our walk as children of light. 
Our works reflect what we really are. 

2. It means proving what is acceptable to 
the Lord (verse 10). The light which we as be- 
lievers possess enables us to discriminate be- 
tween that which is well-pleasing to God and 
that which is non-pleasing. If ever there was a 
time when Christians needed to exercise this 
ability, today is that time. It is our God-given 
duty to consider our every action, thought, de- 
cision, and motive in the light of Christ. Light 
has an inherent ability to expose flaws. We 
shall never see the flaws of our ways if we fail 
to regard them in full exposure to the light of 

3. It means being willing to expose evil 
(verses 11-13). Children of light should not be 
afraid to expose the evils around them. Such 

exposure may bring reform, if rigorously 
pursued. We should not possess a spirit of fear 
in such matters. Jesus said in John 3:20, For 
every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neith- 
er Cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be 

Sometimes this may be a painful responsi- 
bility we are called upon to make, for exposing 
a particular evil may involve someone very 
close to us. But if we are sincere in our imita- 
tion of Jesus, we know that we must persist, 
for this was the way our Lord responded to 
evil around Him (eg., the cleansing of the 
Temple). As Christians, then, we are to serve 
as the moral conscience of society as we walk 
in the light as God's children. 

C. Walk circumspectly, not as fools, but 
as wise. Paul urges that we consider carefully 
how we live and what our lifestyle reflects to 
those about us. He mentions four specific re- 

1. Redeem the time (verse 16). We are called 
to use wisely the time that is at hand. Instead 
of escaping and killing time, as is the custom 
of many today, we should be doing everything 
possible to make the best use of every oppor- 
tunity that comes our way. At work in the fac- 
tory, God will give us those moments in which 
we can serve Him. As students, there will be 
those times available in which we can serve 
God. As housewives, God will give us times 
when we can share our faith with another (not 
overlooking our own children!). Many are tell- 
ing us that the time is short and getting short- 
er. If we believe this, then it is time that we 
make ourselves available to the Lord and His 
Spirit and make the best use of the opportuni- 
ties which come into our lives! 

2. Find and do God's will (verse 17). Chris- 
tians today face great temptations to lower 
their standards and become conformed to the 
world. Who wants to be so different from the 
rest of society that he stands out as peculiar? 
But the times challenge us more than ever to 
seek the will of God and do it! It is not enough 
to know the will of the Father; we must also 
put it to practice. Jesus said. If ye know these 
things, happy are ye if ye do them (John 13:17). 
Paul calls those who lack understanding of the 
will of the Lord unwise. 

3. Be filled with the Spirit rather than with 
wine (verse 18). In Paul's day, as in ours, some 
sought to escape from the pressures of life 
through the excessive use of wine. The Greek 
word translated "excess" in the King James 

(continued on next page) 

October 1980 


the salt shaker 


by Alvin Shifflett 

stop It! 

^^TT'S about eleven times as easy to start 

J. something as it is to stop something," ob- 
serves Robert Townsend in his book, Up The 

Think of the things you've started and later 
tried to stop, often to no avail. 

Have you ever served on a committee that 
outlived its usefulness? We Americans are no- 
torious for creating committees that do 
nothing but meet and rehash old business. 
Like eating leftovers or refried beans. 

Sometimes the best way to kill an idea is to 
put it in the hands of a committee. If you don't 
give the committee specific guidelines and a 
report back date, you've pretty well axed the 

It can easily be argued that a benevolent 
dictator gets things done faster than a de- 
mocracy. The problem, however, is when the 
benevolent dictator becomes a malevolent dic- 
tator. The people of Germany voted Hitler in 
and gave him the power. You know the rest. 

Another classic example is found in the book 
of Exodus: "Now there arose up a new king 

Walking as God's Children 

(continued from previous page) 

Version is translated "riotous living" in Luke 
15:13, where Jesus spoke of the Prodigal Son's 
demise. Then, as now, drunkenness led many 
into the lowest ebb of life. The remedy for 
their state, as Paul suggests here, is not just 
abstaining from wine, but being filled with the 
Spirit and becoming involved in wholesome 
Christian fellowship. 

4. Have a new song in your heart (verses 19- 
20). In response to what God has done for us, 
we should have hearts that are overflowing 
with songs of praise and thanksgiving. These 
songs should also be a means by which we can 
serve our Lord and minister to our fellow man. 

Why does Paul spend so much time with 
this matter of our imitation of Jesus as God's 
dear children? Simply stated: It takes wise 
walking to win another unto the Lord! 

over Egypt, which knew not Joseph" (1:8). At 
that point the children of Israel became slaves. 

We have all heard tales of the Hatfields and 
the McCoys feuding in the mountains of Ken- 
tucky. Somebody, at sometime, started the 
feud — which was virtually impossible to stop. 

Anyone with enthusiasm and a head on his 
shoulders can start something. Enthusiasm is 
contagious, and if you're salesman enough you 
can find some willing followers. Millions of fol- 
lowers are out there looking for leaders. It 
may be easy to start, but stopping is another 

''Trying to stop things, 
or change them, 
is like trying to stop 
a rushing locomotive/' 

It's like a bad habit. Starting is easy, but 
quitting — that's a bird with different feathers. 
I once knew an alcoholic who said, "I have quit 

A couple of years ago we were reading about 
people getting their jaws wired shut to prevent 
them from overeating. Once obesity jumps on 
you, it's hard as sin to shake loose. Anyone 
over 30 knows the secret of gaining weight 
— just eat more. But stopping? 

Wiring your jaws shut isn't the answer. The 
answer is your will. You may wire your jaws 
shut and drink soup through a straw, but the 
will is saying: "OK, so you can't eat now. Just 
wait. The day is coming when the old wire cut- 
ter will snip the wires, and we'll have steak 
and potatoes and pie a la mode." 

Trying to stop things, or change them, is 
like trying to stop a rushing locomotive. Town- 
send in his book cites the case of the British 
who created a civil service job in 1803 calling 
for a man to stand on the Cliffs of Dover with 
a spyglass. The man was instructed to ring a 
bell if he saw Napoleon coming. The job was 
finally abolished in 1945! 


The Brethren Evangelist 


You will never 
foreet ♦ ♦ ♦ Joni^ 

Nine years ago Joni Eareckson was victim 
of an accident that left her paralyzed from the 
shoulders down. Today at 29 she is a skillful, 
meticulous artist, using only her mouth to 
guide the pen! Now, each step of Joni's strug- 
gle to accept and adjust to her handicap is 
revealed in this unforgettable autobiography 
— a spiritual odyssey that will give 
life new meaning and direc- --r -^ ' ' 
tion for every reader. Joni 
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ashland college 

New and Renewable 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 

WHO doesn't believe in Easter? Easter is 
the great hope of the world for new life, 
new faith, new love, and a new eternity with 
God. The fact and reality of Easter are played 
out in each new sunrise, each Sunday as it 
begins a new week, and each new year. The 
heart of the Christian faith and the seasons of 
the earth all speak to the great truth and pos- 
sibility of the new and renewable. 

It is the hope and the possibility of the new 
and the renewable that sustain a person in 
everyday life. It is common experience that all 
things either wear out or get old. Therefore, it 
is the Easter hope which dawns upon the spir- 
its of persons as they proceed in life, in work, 
and in faith. 

The Brethren Church, from its very begin- 
ning, believed in the principle of renewal. The 
Brethren Church, as a part of the anabaptist 
movement, had as one of its seven basic princi- 
ples the fact that the church does apostatize 
and therefore must be renewed from time to 
time. Alexander Mack and the early members 
of the Brethren Church were well aware and 
believed that the church gets old, not only in 
buildings but in its spirit and life. Therefore it 
is necessary to renew the church in order for 
the church to fulfill its ministry in each gener- 
ation. This is not just an option or a possibili- 
ty, but a reality. 

The church on earth, as we know from the 
Book of Revelation, "loses its first love" and 
requires a revival, a renewing of the spirit. It 
follows, therefore, upon the basis of Christian 
teaching, that every social institution has pe- 
riods within its history when it needs renewal. 
Renewal does not mean that all things need to 
be changed or that everything old is without 
value. In fact, the period of renewal might be 
likened to a housewife taking out her silver 
and carefully polishing it, removing the tar- 
nish, restoring its original beauty for new 
guests. "Renewal," in fact, implies the appreci- 
ation of the old for new use. 

Ashland College might be likened to the 
person with her "set of silver," which only 

needs to be polished and buffed into a beauti- 
ful new sheen for the new guests of the day. 
Ashland College has a rich heritage, an out- 
standing alumni, and a belief in God and man 
which is essential even for the 21st Century. It 
is impossible to wipe out 102 years of history. 
Ashland College is an entity in the world. It 
has touched thousands of lives who, in turn, 
have touched many more thousands and even 
millions of people literally around the world. 

This year someone asked, "What is the pur- 
pose of Ashland College?" The purpose of a lib- 
eral arts, coeducational institution was estab- 
lished long ago by one of the church fathers, 
Augustine. Augustine was the first to state 
that since all things are created by a sovereign 
God, all knowledge in the universe should be 
studied from a Christian perspective. Further 
than this, since man is the center of God's 
creation, all subjects must be related to the 
destiny of man as he finds purpose and func- 
tion in the world. 

A liberal arts college teaches English not 
simply that persons may have the pleasure of 









The Brethren Evangelist 

knowing more English, but so that doctors, 
lawyers, ministers, and every person can com- 
municate more effectively the values, the pur- 
pose, and the destiny of life. Biology is taught 
so that we can make better use of God's earth, 
or perhaps develop medicines that will enable 
people to live in health to serve God. The 

Ashland College classroom photograph by Dave White 

"A liberal arts college teaches English not simply 
that persons may have the pleasure of knowing 
more English, but so that . . . every person can 
communicate more effectively the values, the pur- 
pose, and the destiny of life." 

Christian faith gives interpretation to all of 
the related subjects in education, and from 
this interpretation persons can create personal 
value systems from which they make decisions 
in whatever profession for the glory of God 
and the good of man. 

The second reason for a liberal arts college 
is to teach the Christian faith specifically and 
directly. At Ashland College this is done 
through its Religion Department and its Cam- 
pus Ministry program. These programs are de- 
signed to bring the truth of God, through 
Jesus Christ, directly and personally to all 
who come and listen. Out of these direct en- 
counters many find Christ in a very personal 
way. The campus has always been a place 
where young men and women find Christ for 
the first time. 

The Campus Ministry is absolutely essential 
to Ashland College. It is the base for spiritual 
renewal. The Campus Ministry is also the 
means of programming various Bible studies, 
celebrations, worship services, and study 
groups. The ministry is directed to discipling 
Christians and winning new Christians. The 
support of the church for the Campus Ministry 
program is essential if Ashland College is to 
fulfill its spiritual purpose. 

Something in the Air 

by James Miller 

IT'S the talk of the campus! The students 
have noticed it; the faculty has too; and so 
has the administration! And if you were here, 
you'd also notice it! A new spirit is in the air 
at Ashland College, a spirit of anticipation, op- 
timism, and excitement. Renewal is taking 
place, and Campus Ministry is seeking to keep 
stride with it. 

With many fears, dreams, and hopes, the 
Religious Affairs office was reopened in the 
fall of 1978. The task of building an effective 
campus ministry proved to be difficult, dis- 
couraging, and, at times, downright miserable. 
The Christian Fellowship averaged about 25 
students. Christian students were divided and 
suspicious of each other and of us. The atmos- 
phere could best be described as hostile. 

Last year was somewhat better. Average at- 
tendance at HOPE Fellowship was between 55 
and 60; a unity was quietly forming among 

Mr. Miller is interim director of Religious Af- 
fairs and Campus Ministry at Ashland College. 

the Christians; and Memorial Chapel base- 
ment was opened as the Campus Christian 

This year has brought more spectacular 
change. The wind has shifted, darkness has 
turned to light, and discouragement has 
changed to encouragement. We expect 1980-81 
to be a great year for the Lord at Ashland Col- 
lege. Here are our goals: 

HOPE Christian Fellowship. HOPE has 
developed into a dynamic group which 
meets every Wednesday night. Our goals for 
this group are (1) 100 or more in attendance; 
(2) more participation by faculty and admin- 
istration in an effort to build community; (3) 
efforts to support each attender through the 
use of an "undershepherding" program; (4) 
an appeal to a larger segment of the campus 
with more varied meetings. The student 
leaders of HOPE are exciting young people, 
and we expect the Lord to use this group in 
great ways. 

Campus Christian Center. The Campus 

October 1980 


Christian Center in the basement of Memo- 
rial Chapel took the name of the "Salt Cel- 
lar" this summer. It has come a long way 
since we first walked into it. Our goals this 
year are to complete the recreation room, 
lounge, kitchenette, and several of the semi- 
nar rooms. We estimate that to reach our 
"finished product" we still need to raise 
$15,000. The "Salt Cellar" plays a major 
role in future program planning. 

Brethren Scholarship Fund. We need 
the influence of Brethren students at Ash- 
land College. In order to get more of them 
here, we need to help them financially. It 
now costs over $6,000 a year to attend Ash- 
land College. The purpose of the Brethren 
Scholarship Fund is to reduce that cost. In 
the past year, we have received $3200 in 
gifts from members of the Brethren Church. 
We would like to see that doubled this year. 

Seminars. A major area of emphasis for 
the year, we expect to see the evening semi- 
nars grow from one or two a semester to five 
or six. This is an exciting area. Success in 
our previous seminars has led us to expand. 

"Basic Christianity," "Social Issues," and 
"Strategy for Living" are but a few of the 
topics under consideration. 

These four areas do not include all that is 
planned. Drama groups, music groups, film 
nights, coffee houses, gym nights, picnics, and 
ping pong tournaments are some of the other 
activities in store for this year. Campus Minis- 
try is truly growing and having an effect at 
Ashland College. 

The Lord has been doing wonderful things 
in Ashland. By His hand we have many 
Brethren and other Christian men and women 
in key positions of leadership. More people 
have offered to help than ever before. The 
presence of seven Coalition for Christian Out- 
reach staff members has strengthened our po- 
sition. The human resources are available — 
God's work will be done. 

Renewal. A new spirit. Refreshment and 
restoration. These are not the work of any 
man's hands, but the work of the Spirit of God. 
May He work in your lives to continue to sup- 
port Ashland College, the Campus Ministry, 
and the Brethren Scholarship Fund. 

Tom Root Air Photo, Plymouth, Ohio 

Renewing the Ashland College Campus 

TIRUTH, spirit, and life all need a home. The 
intangibles of life, even those with eternal 
values, need an appropriate house in which to 
live and fulfill one another. The Ashland Col- 
lege campus is the "home" for all of the goals 
and purposes the college seeks to achieve. 

Because of the crises in both enrollments 
and finances, the beautiful college campus suf- 
fered some serious neglect. Deferred mainte- 
nance is a problem for all colleges in this age 
of inflation and reduced enrollment. The Ash- 
land College campus, however, had reached a 

by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 

point where students were questioning its fu- 
ture. One of the students said, "We have 
reached the pits." Therefore direct action had 
to be taken. 

A number of renovation projects were 
achieved throughout the past year. First of all, 
the Student Union was renovated with a 
$50,000 gift from Mrs. Phyllis Kates Tabach. 
The main lounge area was completely refitted 
with redwood paneling, new carpet, fireplace, 
furniture, tile floor, etc. This summer the Stu- 
dent Affairs offices were moved to the Student 


The Brethren Evangelist 


At left, Dan Lawson helps AC maintenance chief Robert 
Flyer position a free-standing fireplace in the Student Union. 
Above, students enjoy the newly remodeled lounge. 

Union so that they might function more effec- 
tively and directly with the students and their 
programs and problems. 

The main lounges in the dormitories were 
renovated during the spring and summer 
months. The lounge in Jacobs Hall was paint- 
ed, and new carpet and new furniture added. 
Amstutz received new paint, carpet, and furni- 
ture. Clayton Hall was renovated by adding 
new carpet and furniture. The main lounge 
area in Myers Hall was renovated by re-up- 
holstering and adding new pieces in the TV 
area. The halls and lobby of Clark Hall have 
been painted, plus new carpet and new furni- 
ture. Kem Hall has been refitted for the new 
Ashland Academy. 

In addition to the main lobby, two floors in 
Clayton Hall received new carpet by the be- 
ginning of the school year, and four more hall- 
ways will receive carpet by Christmas. All of 
this adds not only to the esthetics, but to the 
quality of the environment of the students as 
they live and study on the AC campus. 

Many individual rooms were painted in the 
various dorms, plus all washrooms in all resi- 
dence halls were sanded down and repainted. 
Much of the painting was done by 30 students 
who remained on campus throughout the sum- 
mer on a work-study program. 

Major renovation took the form of new roofs 
for the Student Union, Jacobs Hall, and two 
buildings at the seminary. In addition to 
these, the roofs on the Gymnasium, Clark 
Hall, Convocation Center, Kem, and Amstutz 
also received significant repair. 

In August, "the point" between Claremont 
Avenue and King Road was cleared of two old 
buildings. This area will be made beautiful by 
landscaping around additional parking. 

The landscaping around all buildings was 
reworked, trimmed, mulched, and beautified. 
Mr. Harold Funk, in charge of the grounds, 

took personal effort and planted seeds for an- 
nual flowers. These were transferred to vari- 
ous beds around the campus. This beautifica- 
tion will become a part of the motivation of 
the life of students and staff. 

Ashland College is a residential college. 
Therefore its environment and living condi- 
tions are directly related not only to the edu- 
cational aspects of the students' lives, but also 
to their total attitude and value system. The 
appreciation of the property and the use of it 
for the good of all depends upon its beauty and 

Although considerable progress was made 
this year in the renewal of the campus, much 
more remains to be done in the years ahead, 
including more dormitory room renewal, new 
air conditioning in the Convocation Center, 
new roofs, and much energy-saving equip- 
ment. The successful future of Ashland Col- 
lege is directly related to our ability to main- 
tain the campus for a living-learning college. 


-sdsexv.N • 

Photo by Scott Bontempo 

Brethren at General Conference saw two old ser- 
vice stations on Claremont Avenue being torn 
down. The site is being made into a parking lot 
and small park. 

October 1980 


ashland college 

A New Spirit 

THE WIND has changed! An interesting ob- 
servation, but not very important unless 
you are directly affected by the weather. If you 
are a farmer whose crops depend on rain com- 
ing at the right time, or a lone fisherman far 
from shore, a change in the wind's direction 
can be a life or death matter. The change can 
be either subtle or sudden, but it may be very 

The expression can also refer to a new direc- 
tion or attitude taken by an individual or 
group. In fact, the ancient Hebrews saw an 
analogous relationship between the wind (a 
natural but unseen element) and the activity 
of God's Holy Spirit (supernatural activity). 
Thus Old Testament references to the Spirit 
use the Hebrew word for "wind." Usually 
these passages deal with God's activity in 
creation or in vitalizing man intellectually, 
morally, and religiously. In this sense, the 
wind has changed; there is definitely a new 
spirit at Ashland College . . . one of intellec- 
tual, moral, and religious renewal. 

This new spirit is right for our time. It is 
widely recognized that the decade of the eight- 
ies will be characterized by higher college 
costs, fewer students, and intense competition. 
Still there is optimism at Ashland College. 
Despite predictions that these challenges may 
force as many as two hundred private liberal 
arts colleges to close their doors before 1990, 
Ashland is making significant progress. 

President Shultz's dynamic Christian lead- 
ership has instilled a fresh vision and gener- 
ated enthusiasm among the faculty, adminis- 
tration, students, and staff. Decisive steps 
have been taken to improve the college's 
financial condition, its competitive position, 
and the quality of life in the residence halls. A 
vigorous campaign to renovate and beautify 
the campus is underway involving everything 
from new flower beds to the demolition of un- 
sightly old buildings. Innovative academic 
ventures include a capstone nursing program, 

Dr. Burkey was recently appointed to the posi- 
tion of Ashland College Director of Development. 

by Frederick T. Burkey 

presentation of courses leading to the bachelor 
and masters degrees in business administra- 
tion at four regional sites, the associate degree 
program at the Ohio State Reformatory, and 
the opening of Ashland Academy (a private 
secondary school). 

The new spirit is reviving the church-college 
relationship which has always been at the core 
of the college's historic mission. This move- 
ment has gained momentum through the ap- 
pointment and election of Christian people to 
key administrative, instructional, and student 
service positions. Additional support is also 
coming from the increasingly influential corps 
of Christian students on campus, which in- 
cludes more than fifty Brethren young people 
representing nearly every district in the de- 

For more than a century, Ashland College 
and the Brethren Church have cooperated in 
the preparation of people for productive ca- 
reers. The majority of the church's pastors, 
missionaries, and educators have attended the 
college and/or seminary. 

God's Spirit, working through His people, is 
definitely at work on the Ashland College 
campus. The Brethren people have played a 
major role in the "freshening of the wind." 
They have committed more than $20,000 per 
year to Campus Ministries since 1978; they 
have given $4,500 toward development of the 
"Salt Cellar" (1979-80); they have contributed 
$3,200 for Brethren scholarships (1979-80); 
and they have given more than $12,000 for 
general operation. 

There is a spirit of genuine renewal . . . 
there is positive momentum . . . and the 
church's support is vital to its continuation. A 
goal of $22,000 for Campus Ministries and 
$5,000 each for continued chapel renovation 
and Brethren scholarships seems reasonable 
and attainable. 

On behalf of the entire Ashland College 
family, we thank the Brethren Church for it's 
expressions of concern through prayers and 
contributions! The wind has changed . . . let's 
make the most of it. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


news from the Brethren Church 

Flora church holds four-fold dedication 

Flora, Ind. — A four-fold dedica- 
tion service was held at the 
Flora First Brethren Church on 
Sunday, August 10th, preceding 
the morning worship service. 

During this service, the con- 
gregation rededicated the church 
building, which had just recently 
been repaired, remodeled, and 
redecorated. The repairs became 
necessary when one of the main 
roof trusses gave way, and the 
roof and ceiling began to fall. 
This had been discovered on May 
8, and repairs began soon after- 
ward. A new gabled roof was 
constructed over the entire 
building, a new suspended ceil- 
ing installed in the sanctuary, 
and all walls except those in the 
basement were painted. 

The entire project took nine 
weeks, during which time the 
congregation held services in the 
Masonic Temple and Fireside 
Room for seven weeks, and in 
the church basement for the last 
two. Total cost of the work was 

The sanctuary was completed 
just in time for a week of revival 
services beginning August 4th, 
with Dr. Harold Barnett, pastor 
of the Hagerstown, Maryland, 

Gratis church 
welcomes new pastor 

Gratis, Ohio — On June 29th the 
church family of the Gratis First 
Brethren Church welcomed Rev. 
Charles Berkshire and his wife, 
Grace, to Gratis, where Rev. 
Berkshire became the new pas- 
tor of the congregation. About 40 
members of the church were on 
hand to welcome the Berkshires 
as they arrived. 

The Gratis church family was 
happy to welcome the Berkshires 
and wished them a happy and 
successful pastorate at Gratis. 

Brethren Church, presenting the 
messages. Attendance at these 
services in the remodeled sanc- 
tuary averaged about 150, in 
spite of 90 degree temperatures. 

Also dedicated on August 10th 
were the following: 

A perpetually burning sanc- 
tuary light. This light was giv- 
en to the church in memory of 
Vernabelle Miller, former 
church organist and vocalist, by 

John Miller, and 

her husband, 


Two silk flower arrange- 
ments for the sanctuary altar. 
These were presented in memory 
of Elver Pullen by his wife. Rose, 
^une Musselman 

cushioned choir 

These were given in 
of Bruce and Phyllis 
by Robert and Phyllis 


^:S.i •• 

> i' . 

-*.. r- 

\**"' '-"'j 








•■-.: r' . 

Pictures taken before (below) and after (above) show the difference 
the new roof has made in the Flora church building. 





Ohio District Conference refiects on 

Bretliren roots, tiiougiit, and worstiip 

Delaware, Ohio — "Brethren 
Reflections" was the theme of 
the Ohio District Conference 
held at Asbury United Methodist 
Church in Delaware on Sep- 
tember 13. Approximately 115 
Ohio Brethren attended the one- 
day conference. 

This was the inspirational 
meeting of the district, so busi- 
ness was kept to a minimum in 
the brief business session that 
began the day. In that session, 
however, the conference voted to 
change its district apportion- 
ment from a membership base to 
a growth index base, heard the 
first reading of a proposed 
change in the district bylaws 
that would change the manner of 
electing the nominating commit- 

tee, and set March 7, 1981, as 
the date of the spring conference. 
Gregg Brelsford, the newly elect- 
ed national BYC Moderator, also 
brought greetings to the dele- 
gates and reported on national 
BYC programs and plans. 

Following this brief business 
session, the delegates turned 
their attention to "Brethren Re- 
flections." These reflections were 
in three areas— "Brethren Roots," 
"Brethren Thought," and "Breth- 
ren Worship." 

Dr. Richard Allison, professor 
of Christian education at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, led 
the reflections on "Brethren 
Roots." Using overhead projec- 
tions of outlines, diagrams, and 
sketches to illustrate his lecture. 

Flora Sunday school class 
takes gifts to Riverside 

Flora, Ind. — Several members 
of the Open Door Sunday school 
class of the Flora First Brethren 
Church transported 3,210 
pounds of gifts to Riverside 
Christian Training School on Ju- 
ly 10. Transporting the cargo to 
Lost Creek was a class project. 

Included in the 3,210 pounds 
were two washers, two dryers, 
and two refrigerators (all used, 
but repaired), 160 square yards 
of new carpet, some used carpet 
(given by Holiday Inn), much 
used clothing, and various other 
items. In addition to transport- 
ing the new carpet to River- 

From left to 
right, Don 
Charles Lee 
Voorhees, and 
Ralph Maxwell 
stand in front 
of truck loaded 
with gifts for 

side, the class members also 
spent the next day laying it in 
the boys' dormitory. 

Members of the class who 
made the trip were Mr. and Mrs. 
Gene Geaslen (with their three 
children), Mr. and Mrs. Don 
Clingenpeel, and the class 
teacher. Rev. Alvin Grumbling. 
They were joined by Mr. and 
Mrs. Devon Humbarger from the 
Win-a-Couple class, who also 
furnished a truck to transport 
the items. 

The group made the seven 
hour trip back to Flora from Riv- 
erside on Saturday, July 12. 

he presented highlights and 
sidelights of Brethren history in 
Europe and during the early 
years in the United States. 

The session on "Brethren 
Thought" was led by Dr. Dale 
Stoffer, who recently completed 
his doctoral thesis at Fuller 
Theological Seminary on this 
subject. Dr. Stoffer considered 
sources of Brethren thought, 
sources of Brethren authority, 
and characteristics of Brethren 
thought, noting particularly that 
Brethren thought is both conser- 
vative and progressive. 

The session on" Brethren Wor- 
ship" was not about worship, but 
a worship experience, with con- 
gregational singing, special mus- 
ic. Scripture, prayer, and 
Brethren preaching by Rev. 
James Black, pastor of the Day- 
ton Hillcrest Brethren Church. 
Rev. Brad Weidenhamer was the 
worship leader for the service, 
and special music was presented 
by Steve McPherson, a pre-semi- 
nary student at Ashland College, 
and by a men's ensemble from 
the Park Street Brethren 

Basing his message on Psalm 
85:6 and Nehemiah 8, Rev. 
Black spoke about revival. He 
asked, "Do we need revival?" 
and answered that we need revi- 
val whenever "we observe spirit- 
ual weakness" in the church or 
in our lives. He also stated, "I 
believe that it may be God's tim- 
ing that we have revival in the 
Brethren Church." 

The session of "Brethren Wor- 
ship" concluded with a consecra- 
tion service for Dale and Marcia 
Stoffer, conducted by the Ohio 
District Mission Board. Dr. Dale 
Stoffer is the new pastor of a 
home mission church being 
started in Columbus, Ohio, and 
the Stoffers were set apart for 
this work. (See page 23.) 

Following the worship service 
the conference divided into 
groups (Laymen, ministers, and 
WMS) for auxiliary sessions, 
which concluded the day's pro- 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Pennsylvania District sets goai 
of two new ctiurches in ttie 80s 

Meyersdale, Pa. — The Pennsyl- 
vania District held its 90th con- 
ference July 17-19 at Camp Pe- 
niel. Richard Graver, pastor of 
the Highland Brethren Church, 
was moderator. 

A total of 84 lay and minis- 
terial credentials were received. 

Rev. Craver used Ezekiel 
22:30 as the text for his modera- 
tor's address Friday morning. He 
asked, "What do you suppose 
Ezekiel would say to us today in 
20th century America? What 
message would he bring from the 

Paraphrasing his text, he said 
God is still looking for someone, 
some people, to stand in the gap 
between Himself and our society, 
"to speak to a godless society." 

Rev. Craver expressed several 
areas of concern in the church, 
including a lack of commitment, 
apathy toward involvement in 
the total ministry of the church, 
and a spirit of division at the ex- 
pense of outreach. 

His four recommendations, 
adopted by the conference, were: 

(1) To set aside specific funds 
for the district ministerial ex- 
amining board to visit seminary 
students from Pennsylvania at 
least once during the school 

(2) To express thanks and 

pledge ourselves to the con- 
tinued work and ministry of 
Camp Peniel. 

(3) To set a goal of establish- 
ing no fewer than two new 
churches in the district in the 
80s, with the district mission 
board to bring a report to the 
1981 conference. 

(4) To officially thank and 
gratefully acknowledge the 
members of the Laurel Manor 
board of trustees who have been 
diligent in their efforts and ex- 
ample of faith. 

The conference opened Thurs- 
day evening with the moderator- 
elect's address by Rev. Glenn 
Grumbling and a presentation of 
the musical "Greater Is He" by 
members of the Pittsburgh 
Brethren Church. 

Rev. Norman Long of Pitts- 
burgh presented three "mini-de- 
votionals" throughout the week- 
end on the theme "I Am the 

The district youth, meeting 
concurrently with the adults, an- 
nounced plans to begin a Bible 
quizzing program in 1980-81. 
The books of Galatians, Ephe- 
sians, Philippians, and Colos- 
sians will be used as the basis 
for quizzing. 

Officers for the new year are: 
moderator — Rev. Glenn Grum- 

Plans for Brethren retirement 
community in Pa. canceied 

Meyersdale, Pa. — Hopes to 
build a retirement community 
near Vinco were dashed in July 
when the federal government 
withdrew support for the project, 
it was announced at the Penn- 
sylvania District Conference. 

James Mackall, member of the 
board of directors of Brethren 
Care of Pennsylvania, Inc., told 
the delegates that the Depart- 
ment of Housing and Urban 
Development (HUD) had with- 
drawn its approval of a loan for 
construction of Brethren Laurel 
Manor. The project would have 

provided 100 housing units for 
the elderly. 

HUD's action was taken be- 
cause of spending cutbacks in 
the department. 

Since construction will be 
abandoned, the 36-acre site will 
revert to the heirs of Miss Elda 
M. Fresh, who deeded the prop- 
erty to the church in 1973. 

The board is left with no 
assets and indebtedness of near- 
ly $300,000, mostly in architec- 
tural fees and land clearing ex- 

— Ron Waters 

bling; moderator-elect — Rev. 
Harold Walton; secretary 
— Grace Grumbling; assistant 
secretary — Eunice Shrontz; trea- 
surer — Rev. Jerald Radcliff; 
assistant treasurer — Irene Tarr; 
and statistician — Rev. Norman 

The 91st conference is sche- 
duled for July 23-25, 1981, at 
Camp Peniel. 

— Ron Waters 

Flora church ordains 
deacon and deaconess 

Flora, Ind. — Don and Sue 

Clingenpeel were ordained dea- 
con and deaconess in the Flora 
First Brethren Church on Sun- 
day evening, August 24. 

Rev. Richard Austin, pastor of 
the Peru, Ind., First Brethren 
Church, brought the message for 
the service. He also assisted the 
Flora pastor, Rev. Alvin Grum- 
bling, and the other deacons 
with the ordination of Mr. and 
Mrs. Clingenpeel. 

In addition to serving as dea- 
con and deaconess, the Clingen- 
peels are also youth sponsors for 
the Flora BYC, and Mr. Clingen- 
peel is a church trustee. 

Ashland College begins 
school of nursing 

Ashland, Ohio — AC president, 
Dr. Joseph R. Shultz, has an- 
nounced the creation of a school 
of nursing at Ashland College. 

The new nursing program, 
leading to the bachelor of science 
in nursing degree, is open to reg- 
istered nurses from diploma and 
associate degree programs. The 
college is designing the program 
to mesh with the diploma and 
associate programs offered by 
area hospital schools and two- 
year colleges. 

Classes for the nursing pro- 
gram are being planned for the 
morning, late afternoon, and 
evening, to meet the scheduling 
demands of registered nurses. 

October 1980 



Indiana District begins new chiurcfi 
in Indianapolis suburb 

Carmel, Ind. — The Indiana Dis- 
trict has launched a new church 
planting effort in Carmel, a fast- 
growing suburb of Indianapolis, 
the state capital of Indiana. 

Rev. Mark Baker has been 
chosen to be the church planting 
pastor of this new church. Rev. 
Baker, from North Manchester, 
Ind., is a 1980 graduate of Ash- 
land Theological Seminary. 
While a student at Ashland Col- 
lege and Seminary, he served for 
four years in the Board of Chris- 
tian Education national office as 
assistant to the director. He also 

spent one summer as a mission- 
ary intern in Colombia, South 

Rev. Baker was set aside for 
this home mission work by the 
Indiana District at its conference 
in June. He began serving in 
Carmel September 1st. The Indi- 
ana District has purchased a 
house on East 116th Street in 
Carmel, which serves as a home 
for Rev. Baker and also as a 
meeting place for Bible studies 
and worship services. 

Serving with Rev. Baker in 
Carmel are Rev. and Mrs. 
Stephen Barber. Rev. Barber, al- 
so a 1980 graduate of Ashland 
Theological Seminary, moved 
with his wife and daughter to 
Carmel in September. The 

Barbers are serving as tentmak- 

Much groundwork for the 
church-planting effort in Carmel 
was done by Kenneth Hunn. 
Rev. Hunn, who is now pastor of 
the Warsaw, Ind., First Brethren 
Church, did this work last year 
while completing his senior year 
at Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary. He first did a general area 
survey of the Indianapolis area. 
Then, he and twenty volunteers 
from Indiana Brethren churches 
did a door-to-door lifestyle sur- 
vey of Carmel. On the basis of 
the information gathered in 
these surveys, the Indiana Dis- 
trict Mission Board made its de- 
cision to launch this church 
planting effort in Carmel. 

At the Indiana District Conference in June, Rev. Mark Baker was consecrated for his work as home 
mission pastor at Carmel. The Indiana District Mission Board has purchased a house in Carmel which 
serves as a home for Rev. Baker and as a meeting place for the new church. 

F. Burkey new AC din of development; 
J. Miller to head campus ministrv 

Ashland, Ohio — Dr. Frederick 
T. Burkey has been appointed to 
the newly-created position of di- 
rector of development at Ash- 
land College. The appointment 
became effective August 25th. 

Burkey moved to this position 
from his former post as director 
of religious affairs and campus 
ministry at Ashland College. He 
had held this position since Sep- 
tember of 1978. Prior to this he 
had served from 1967 to 1978 as 
director of Christian education 


for the Board of Christian Edu- 
cation of the Brethren Church. 

In his new position, Burkey's 
primary responsibilities will be 
in the areas of corporate and 
foundation support. He will also 
have major areas of responsibili- 
ty in the upcoming Ashland Col- 
lege capital campaign. 

Mr. James P. Miller, a senior 
at Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary, will be assuming Burkey's 
former responsibilities in the re- 
ligious affairs and campus min- 

istry office. Miller served as as- 
sistant director under Burkey 
during the past two years. He 
has been given the title of inter- 
im director of religious affairs 
and campus ministry. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Ohio District starting new chiurchi 
in Columbus 

Columbus, Ohio — Columbus, 
the rapidly growing capital of 
Ohio, is the location of a new 
mission work of the Ohio Dis- 
trict. After surveying the city, 
the Ohio District Mission Board 
chose the northwestern section 
as the area in which it is seeking 
to establish a new Brethren 

Dr. Dale Stoffer has been 
called to serve as the home mis- 
sion pastor of this new work. Dr. 
Stoffer, from Canton, Ohio, and 
a member of Trinity Brethren 
Church, is a graduate of Ashland 
College (1972) and Theological 
Seminary (1975). In June he re- 
ceived a Ph.D. in theology from 
Fuller Theological Seminary. 

Dr. Stoffer is married to the 
former Marcia McPherson from 
near Bellefontaine, Ohio. Mrs. 
Stoffer is a member of the Gret- 
na Brethren Church. She also is 
a graduate of Ashland College. 

The Stoffers moved to Colum- 
bus on August 29th and were set 
apart for this new home mission 
work at the Ohio District Con- 
ference on September 13th. They 
held informal meetings with in- 
terested Brethren in the Colum- 
bus area on Sunday afternoon, 
September 7 and 14, and morn- 
ing worship services were begun 

on September 21. Thursday eve- 
ning Bible studies have also 
been started. 

Working with the Stoffers dur- 
ing the coming year will be Rev. 
and Mrs. John Shultz. Rev. 
Shultz, former pastor of the Tio- 
sa (Indiana) Brethren Church, is 
engaged in an internship pro- 
gram in psychological counseling 
at Ohio State University. Mrs. 
Jeanie Shultz is a sister to Mrs. 
Stoffer. Rev. Shultz will be lead- 
ing Bible studies, and the 
Shultz's will be participating in 
the work in other ways. 

*■ IkdS^tnh * *>.* 

f jf¥.*«* ♦' sA'S^lfr 'VlJ'jin? 


Dr. and Mrs. Dale R. Stoffer 

• 4^^>^r^: 

'^s^ -t 'V 

The left unit of this townhouse serves as the Stoffer home and as 
a meeting place for the new Columbus mission church. 

Worid Relief meets 
emergencies in 
Africa and India 

Africa — World Relief Corpora- 
tion announced August 1st the 
beginning of an extensive agri- 
cultural development and well- 
digging program in Upper Volta, 
Africa, among 17 villages suffer- 
ing from chronic drought condi- 
tions and inadequate harvests. 
The "food for work" program in- 
cludes a multi-faceted two year 
plan for the establishment of 
farm cooperatives in the Tougan 
Circle area for reforestation and 
agricultural advancement. 

Forty wells will be dug, pro- 
viding clean water for families 
who have been forced to walk 
miles and wait hours in line for 
a bucket of water. World Relief 
also plans to distribute 100 
teams of oxen with agricultural 
implements for farming. The re- 
forestation phase includes 
planting of 10,625 trees, which 
will provide for building and 
cooking needs in the future. The 
trees are provided by the govern- 
ment of Upper Volta. 
India — Thousands of hospital 
patients in India faced cut-offs in 
medical supplies because of a 
cut-back on ocean freight appro- 

priations by the U.S. govern- 
ment. Over 42 rural hospitals 
were affected by the increased 
costs, threatening cancelation of 
aid and eventual hospital shut- 

To meet this need a joint ven- 
ture between WRC and MAP In- 
ternational will supply more 
than 23 tons of medicines with a 
fair market value of $325,000 to 
the hospitals. MAP will obtain 
the medical supplies and World 
Relief will defray ocean freight 

WRC is supported by contribu- 
tions to the Brethren World Re- 
lief Board. 

October 1980 



Terry L Lodico ordained 

Ashland, Ohio — Terry L. Lodi- 
co became an ordained elder in 
the Brethren Church on Sunday 
afternoon, August 16. The ser- 
vice of ordination took place at 
the Ronk Memorial Chapel on 
the Ashland Theological Semi- 
nary (ATS) campus. 

Rev. Virgil Meyer, Director of 
Student Life and Ministry at 
ATS, presented the ordination 
message, using the theme "Many 
Voices." Dr. Charles Munson 
and Dr. Joseph R. Shultz joined 
Rev. Meyer in conducting the or- 
dination ceremony, and Rev. 
Virgil Ingraham assisted in the 
consecration service for Terry's 
wife, Sandra. 

The Burlington, Indiana, 
Brethren Church, where Terry 
has been a member since 1974, 
was the host congregation for 
the ordination service. Burling- 
ton pastor Ken Goss presented 
the invocation, welcome, and 
congregational prayer. Mr. Rus- 
sell Rodkey, Burlington modera- 
tor, read the action of the church 
calling for ordination. 

Special music was presented 
by Dottie Goss and Carol Brews- 
ter of the Burlington Brethren 
Church, and Jerry and Judy 
Reber of the Medina Bible Fel- 
lowship led the congregation in 
singing scripture songs of praise. 
Doris Shultz played the prelude 
and postlude. 

Rev. Terry Lodico was born in 
Jamestown, New York, on June 
24, 1952. His parents are Mrs. 
Elaine Johnson and Mr. Charles 

While growing up, Terry lived 
for 11 years in Toledo, Ohio, and 
for a short time in Roswell, New 
Mexico, then returning to 
Jamestown, where he was grad- 
uated from Maple Grove Junior/ 
Senior High School in 1970. 
Baseball and the desire to learn 
about religion brought Terry to 
Ashland College. At AC he be- 
came involved in Bible studies 
and other Christian activities 
that lelped him discover the 

Rev. and Mrs. Terry Lodico 

reality of Jesus Christ in his life. 

In his senior year of college, 
Terry attended classes at the 
seminary. This brought him into 
contact with Brethren people. 
That summer he accepted a 
youth ministry positon with the 
Burlington Brethren Church, 
and it was through this expe- 
rience that he became a member 
of the Brethren denomination. 

Terry continued his education 
by attending the Institute of Ho- 
ly Land Studies in Israel for a 
semester, then returned to ATS 

as a full-time student. He con- 
tinued his ministry with youth 
in several churches, including 
the Smithville, Ohio, Brethren 
Church in 1977-78. 

While in seminary, Terry met 
Sandra Irene Cross, and they 
were married in 1976. At that 
time Sandy was District Coordi- 
nator for Pioneer Girls Interna- 
tional in Ohio, West Virginia, 
and Kentucky. 

Terry received his master of 
divinity degree from ATS in 
June of 1978. That fall he be- 
came the first full-time pastor of 
the Medina Bible Fellowship, a 
new Brethren mission church in 
Medina, Ohio, where he con- 
tinues to serve. 

This past June both Terry and 
Sandy completed master's work 
in pastoral psychology and coun- 
seling from the Emerge Counsel- 
ing Center in Akron, Ohio. 

Terry was selected for the 
1980 Outstanding Young Men of 
America award, and Sandy was 
recently nominated for the Out- 
standing Young Women of 
America award. 

Dan DeVeny commissioned a lieutenant 
in ctiapiain candidacy program 

Ashland, Ohio — Daniel 
DeVeny, a member of the Park 
Street Brethren Church, was 
commissioned a lieutenant in 
the U. S. Army chaplain candi- 
dacy program on July 24th. Mr. 
DeVeny, who is in his final year 
of training at Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary, will be in the 
Army reserves until he com- 
pletes seminary and is ordained. 
Following ordination, he expects 
to be assigned to the active 

In January Mr. DeVeny will 
attend a four- week basic train- 
ing program for chaplains at 
Fort Monmouth, New Jersey. 

Mr. DeVeny served in the 
U.S. Army from 1967 to 1970 




and was stationed two years in 
Okinawa and one year in Viet- 
nam. He is now known to many 
Brethren people as manager of 
The Carpenter's Shop, the 
Brethren bookstore in Ashland, 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Stephen J. Barber ordained 

Ashland, Ohio — A service or- 
daining Stephen J. Barber an 
elder in the Brethren Church 
was held on Sunday afternoon, 
August 24th, at the Garber 
Brethren Church in Ashland, 

Dr. Jerry Flora, professor of 
Christian theology at Ashland 
Theological Seminary, presented 
the ordination message. Dr. 
Richard Allison, Dr. Charles 
Munson, and Rev. Herbert 
Gilmer, father-in-law of the new 
elder, conducted the ordination 
of Stephen and the consecration 
of his wife, Beth. 

Rev. and Mrs. Carl Barber, 
Stephen's parents, read the 
Scripture text for the service. 
Mrs. Pat Dovey, church secre- 
tary, read the action of the 
Garber Brethren Church calling 
for Stephen's ordination. And 
Rev. Arden Gilmer, brother-in- 
law of Stephen and chairman of 
the Ohio District Ministerial Ex- 
amining Board, presented the 

Rev. and Mrs. Stephen Barber 
and Stephanie 

action of that board approving 
his ordination. 

Special music was presented 
by Mrs. Paula Deardurff. Mrs. 
Janice Rowsey played the pre- 
lude and postlude for the service. 

Stephen J. Barber was born on 
December 31, 1953, the first 
child of Carl and Ruth Barber. 
When Steve was six, the family 
moved to Pleasant Hill, Ohio, 

Brethren Quarterly offers study 
of life and teachings of Christ 

Ashland, Ohio — In December 
The Brethren Bible Class 
Quarterly will begin a series of 
lessons on the life and teachings 
of Jesus Christ, as found in the 
Gospel of Matthew. This 21-les- 
son study, based on the Interna- 
tional Sunday School Lessons, 
will begin with the winter quar- 
terly and continue into the 
spring quarterly. 

This study of the life and 
teachings of Christ as presented 
in Matthew's Gospel should be of 
special interest to Brethren peo- 
ple because of its relevance to 
one of the recommendations of 
the 1980 General Conference 
Moderator. In his Moderator's 
address, Rev. William Kerner 
recommended that ''as Brethren, 
we emphasize the primacy of the 

teachings of Jesus Christ in our 
faith and in our lives." 

Three well-known men in the 
Brethren Church will provide 
the commentary for this series of 
lessons. Dr. L. E. Lindower, 
former academic dean of Ash- 
land College, will write the "Les- 
son Backgrounds" for the series. 
"Lesson Expositions" will be pre- 
pared by Rev. William Ander- 
son, pastor of the Northgate 
Community Brethren Church in 
Manteca, Calif. Contributing the 
"Lesson Applications" will be 
Rev. George Solomon, pastor of 
the Milledgeville, 111., First 
Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Bible Class 
Quarterly is published by the 
Brethren Publishing Company. 

where his father became pastor 
of the Brethren Church there. It 
was while he was at Pleasant 
Hill that Steve accepted Jesus 
Christ as his Lord and Savior 
and was baptized. 

In 1964 the family moved to 
Mulvane, Kansas, and in 1970 to 
Herndon, Virginia, where 
Steve's father held pastorates. 
Steve was graduated from high 
school in Herndon in 1972. 

He then entered Ashland Col- 
lege, where he later met Beth 
Gilmer, daughter of Rev. and 
Mrs. Herbert Gilmer. Steve and 
Beth were married on May 17, 

1975. A daughter, Stephanie 
Carissa, was born to them on 
November 14, 1978. 

While in his junior year at AC, 
Steve experienced a call to the 
Christian ministry. Therefore, 
following college graduation in 

1976, he entered Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary. He received a 
master of divinity degree with a 
major in pastoral psychology and 
counseling from the seminary in 

During his years of academic 
preparation, Steve was active in 
serving Christ. He served four 
years as a BYC Summer Crusad- 
er, two on musical units, one at 
Camp Bethany, and one as a 
pastoral intern at Smithville, 
Ohio. During the past four years 
he was a supply pastor for many 
churches in the Ashland area. At 
the seminary he served as vice- 
president of the student body 
and on various committees. 

Steve's work experience in- 
cludes eight months as a mental 
health technician at Richland 
Neuropsychiatric Hospital and 
one and one-half years as a 
youth leader at Mohican Youth 

In September Steve and Beth 
moved to Carmel, Indiana, to be 
tentmakers in the new Brethren 
church being started there by 
the Indiana District Mission 
Board. Steve is looking forward 
to pastoral service in the future. 

October 1980 



Southeast Conference hears Jerry Flora; 
cares for district business 

St. James, Maryland — The 

93rd conference of the Southeast 
District of the Brethren Church 
was held July 24-26 at the St. 
James Brethren Church. 

Dr. Jerry Flora, associate pro- 
fessor of Christian theology at 
Ashland Theological Seminary, 

was the featured speaker. His 
two addresses were entitled 
"Jesus, the Word" and "Jesus, 
the Way." 

The conference opened with a 
presentation of the John Peter- 
son musical "Jesus is Coming" 
by a 28-voice choir from St. 

Maurertown church celebrates second 
anniversary of Locke Memorial unit 

Maurertown, Va. — The Maur- 
ertown Brethren Church recent- 
ly celebrated its second anniver- 
sary in its John Locke Memorial 
Unit. The day included Sunday 
school, a special worship service, 
a barbecued chicken dinner, and 
an afternoon service. 

A special feature of the morn- 
ing worship service was an out- 
standing presentation of the can- 
tata, "Alleluia," by the church 
choir, under the direction of 
Donna Bennett. 

The afternoon service featured 
a musical group named "The 
Living Water." This group con- 
sists of Mr. and Mrs. Mike 
Woods and Mr. and Mrs. Dean 
Minnick, all members of the 
Maurertown Brethren Church. 

An ordination service for a 
new deacon and two new dea- 
conesses was also a part of the 
afternoon service. Ordained were 
Mrs. Virginia Locke (widow of 
Dr. John Locke) and Mr. and 
Mrs. Fred Helsley. 

The day of celebration also in- 
cluded an offering toward the in- 
debtedness on the Memorial 
Unit. A goal of $5,000 had been 

set for this offering, but $5,362 
was received. This was the third 
time the congregation had sur- 
passed its goal for such an offer- 
ing. On dedication day two years 
ago, a goal of $10,000 was set, 
and $12,000 was given. Last 
year another goal of $10,000 was 
established, and again $12,000 
was received. Because of this 
kind of giving, the congregation 
in two years has reduced the in- 
debtedness on the new unit from 
$118,000 to just $2,900! 

The Maurertown congregation 
had another reason for celebrat- 
ing on the second anniversary of 
the dedication of its Memorial 
Unit. That was the growth the 
congregation has achieved in the 
past months. Thirty-two new 
members have been added since 
January of this year, and 25 
have been baptized since May! 

Maurertown Pastor Kent Ben- 
nett says, "We praise God for a 
church in which older people, 
middle aged people, and young 
people work together with the 
Lord and each other to fulfill the 
ministries we have as a portion 
of the Body of Christ." 

James under the direction of 
Harriette Bowers. 

In conference action, the 81 
delegates voted to increase the 
district apportionment from 
$2.50 to $3.00 per member. They 
also amended their bylaws to 
combine the functions of the 
committee on committees and 
the nominating committee in 
one new nominating committee. 

The conference also heard re- 
ports from its various boards and 
committees and approved the 
district mission board's recom- 
mendation to rent the Chandon 
church building to a Montessori 
School through the 1982 school 
year. Delegates also voted to 
send a letter of appreciation to 
Mr. Don Doxsee and his family 
for their care and maintenance 
of the Chandon building since 
the congregation disbanded. 

In his closing reflections, Mod- 
erator Robert Young encouraged 
the delegates to strive for the 
best things for God, their local 
churches, and their district. New 
Moderator Robert Clough asked 
for prayer that he and the dis- 
trict might do God's will 
throughout the coming year. 

Other officers for 1980-81 are: 
moderator-elect — Rev. Harold 
Barnett; secretary — Jane Fitz- 
water Eayres; assistant secre- 
tary — Kathy Valenzon; treasur- 
er — Rodger Geaslen; assistant 
treasurer — Calvin Vann; and 
statistician — Lorine Mills. 

The 1981 conference is slated 
for Bridgewater College, Bridge- 
water, Va., July 23-25. 

— Ron Waters 

In Memory 

Paul P. LaDow, 84, August 29. Member for 50 
years of the Elkhart, Indiana, First Brethren 
Church. Services by Dan Gray, pastor. 
Mrs. Evelyn Pomerton, 69, August 28. Member of 
the South Bend, Ind., First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Daniel Cavinder, associate pastor. 
Lester W. Miller, 85, August 26. Lifetime member 
of the Waterloo, Iowa, First Brethren Church. 

Services by Ronald L. Waters, pastor. 
Carl M. Kingery, 87, August 24. Member since 
1914 of the Flora, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Services by Alvin Grumbling, pastor. 
Virginia Mildred Flickinger, 56, August 21. 
Member of the Linwood, Md., Brethren Church. 
Services by Robert Young, pastor, and Rev. Hays 
K. Logan. 

Mrs. Orpha Frame, 89, August 20. Member of the 
South Bend, Ind., First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Rev. Loren Bean. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Sheri Pennington to David Rowser, August 23, 
at the Missionary Baptist Church, Lewisburg, 
Ohio; Rev. Donald Rowser, father of the groom, and 
Rev. George Pennington, father of the bride, offi- 
ciating. Groom a member of the New Lebanon, 
Ohio, Brethren Church. 

Lee Ann Zimmerman to Michael Smith, August 
23, at the Meadow Crest Brethren Church, Fort 
Wayne, Indiana; Wes Elhs, pastor of the Oakville, 
Ind., Brethren Church, officiating. Bride a member 
of the Meadow Crest Brethren Church; groom a 
member of the Oakville Brethren Church. 
Kim Workman to William McKinzie, August 16, 
at Collamer, Indiana; Woodrow Immel, pastor of 
the North Manchester, Ind., First Brethren Church, 
officiating. Bride a member of the North Manches- 
ter First Brethren Church. 

Karen Ashton to Tim Michael, August 9th, at the 
bride's home; Wes Ellis, pastor of the Oakville, 
Ind., Brethren Church, officiating. Members of the 
Oakville Brethren Church. 

Mary Kay McKinney to Dale Alan Shinn, July 
26, at the home of the groom's parents; Claude 
Stogsdill, pastor of the Loree Brethren Church, 
Bunker Hill, Ind., officiating. Groom a member of 
the Loree Brethren Church. 

Julie Rae Scott to David Harris Fred, June 21, 
at the Corinth Brethren Church, Twelve Mile, Indi- 
ana; Frederick Snyder, pastor, officiating. Bride a 
member of the Corinth Brethren Church. 
Constance Neff to Merle Johnson, June 16, at 
the Gratis, Ohio, First Brethren Church; Rev. 
Charles F. Ankney, pastor of the West Alexandria, 
Ohio, First Brethren Church, officiating. Groom a 
member of the Gratis First Brethren Church. 

In Memory 

Anna A. Washburn, 86, August 17. Member of the 
Massillon Brethren Church and former member of 
the Firestone Park Brethren Church, Akron, Ohio. 
Charles V. Kerlin, 89, August 8. Member of the 
Milford, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services by 
Paul Tinkle, pastor. 

D wight Bishard, 62, July 29. Charter member and 
deacon of the Derby, Kansas, Brethren Church. 
Services by Roger Simmons, pastor. 
Marie Seefong, 78, July 20. Member of the Louis- 
ville, Ohio, First Brethren Church. Services by 
John Brownsberger, pastor. 

Edith M. Mitchell, 76, July 15. Member of the 
Burlington, Ind., First Brethren Church. Services 
by Ken Goss, pastor, and Rev. Alvin Grumbling. 
Emma E. Bowser, 81, July 6. Member of the Ber- 
lin, Pa., Brethren Church. Services by Ralph E. 
Mills, pastor. 

Jon A. Werner, 27, June 26. Member of the Loree 
Brethren Church, Bunker Hill, Ind. Services by 
Rev. Austin Gable and Claude Stogsdill, pastor. 

Calendar of Events 

OCTOBER— Ashland College emphasis month 

17 Fall All-Indiana Laymen's Meeting at 
Shipshewana Retreat Center 
24-25 Board of Christian Education meeting 
at Ashland, Ohio 

NOVEMBER — Home Missions emphasis month 

1 Central ABCT Seminar at Milledgeville, 

111., First Brethren Church 
8 Southeast District Laymen and WMS ral- 
lies at St. James, Maryland 
8 Pennsylvania ABCT Seminar at Vinco 

Brethren Church 
12 National Missionary Board meeting, 

Ashland, Ohio 
15 Ohio ABCT Seminar at the Asbury 
United Methodist Church, Delaware, Ohio 

DECEMBER— Christian Education emphasis 

1 Summer Crusader application forms availa- 
ble from the Board of Christian Education 
5-6 BYC Council meeting, Ashland, Ohio 

5 Leadership Group meeting, Park Street 
Brethren Church, Ashland, Ohio 

6 Executive Committee meeting, Park Street 
Brethren Church 


Glade and Merna Miller, 52nd, September 27. 
Members of the First Brethren Church, Waterloo, 

Mr. and Mrs. Walter Fiant, 60th, September 22. 
Members of the College Corner Brethren Church, 
Rt. 3, Wabash, Ind. 

Eric and Esther Colditz, 61st, September 20. 
Members of the Ardmore First Brethren Church, 
South Bend, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carl Dillman, 53rd, September 14. 
Mrs. Dillman a member of the Corinth Brethren 
Church, Twelve Mile, Ind. 

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew York, 67th, September 1. 
Members of the Loree Brethren Church, Rt. 1, 
Bunker Hill, Ind. 

Rev. and Mrs. Elmer Keck, 51st, August 29. 
Members of the Park Street Brethren Church, Ash- 
land, Ohio. 

Dr. and Mrs. L. E. Lindower, 55th, August 16. 
Members of the Park Street Brethren Church, Ash- 
land, Ohio. 

John and Coral Hoover, 62nd, August 10th. 
Members of the First Brethren Church, Nappanee, 

Cletus and Ruth HuUinger, 50th, July 27. 
Members of the College Corner Brethren Church, 
Rt. 3, Wabash, Ind. 

Glen and Alice Myers, 55th, July 15. Members of 
the First Brethren Church, Gratis, Ohio. 

October 1980 




Vh ' ^ 

Preparing young men and women for Christian 

service in fields sucti as business, home 

economics, religion, radio-TV, music, 

education, drama, accounting . . . 

• • • 

Your gifts for the Educational Day 
Offering benefit the Brethren Church as 
well as Ashland College. Because more 
than 40 Brethren students are currently 
enrolled, Ashland College plays an 
increasingly important role in training the 
future leaders of our church. 

Fair Share Giving/ 
Local Church Budgets: 

$5.00 per 

• • • 

Support Ashland College — 
Support the Brethren Church! 




member • 

TT"^ The Brethren ^ • j Fu 


Funderburg Library 
Manchester, IN 46962 

November 1980 


As church growth thinking influences nnore people 
and nnore churches, questions arise. DR. WIN ARM, 
noted church growth authority and president of 
the Institute for American Church Growth, brings 
some of the answers. 

Hovv^ Big Should a Church Grow^? 

Question. How big can a church grow and still 
be effective? 

Answer. First we need to ask, what do we 
mean by effective? An effective church, I believe, 
is one that is a living, growing cell and that is in 
close relationship to the Head of the Church — 
Jesus Christ. It is a church that is obedient to 
Christ's commands to reach out and make 
disciples, both within its own ministry area and 
throughout the world. It is a church that is 
incorporating, enabling, and perfecting those who 
are already in the body. It is one that ministers 
to the hurts and needs of people in the name of 

Other gauges of effectiveness could include: 
How many members does it take to send one 
missionary? How many inactive members does it 
have? What is its annual growth rate? How much 
of this growth is conversion growth? What new 
groups and services have been established to meet 

Recently I attended a large, growing church 
which appears to be quite effective. The church 
has 80,000 members, five worship services on 
Sunday, and 10,000+ per service. It has 3,750 
deacons and deaconesses, and over 5,000 home cell 
units. It is the Full Gospel Central Church in 
Seoul, Korea, pastored by Rev. Paul Younggi Cho. 

The Central Church believes in growth goals 
and has set a membership goal of 100,000. To 
accommodate more people the congregation will 
soon be enlarging its sanctuary to seat 20,000. But 
the church's first and most important goal is to 
focus on the expansion of home cell units — an 
important key to the growth and effectiveness of 
this church. 

These 5,000 cell units form the foundation of the 
evangelistic outreach and pastoral care ministries 
of the church. Held in homes and led by a lay 
leader, each cell has a weekly Bible study to which 
non-Christians are invited and welcomed. Follow- 
ing the Bible study many group members go into 
the neighborhood for evangelistic calling on 
friends and relatives. 

This remarkable church, with its evangelistic 
vision and passion, is making a great contribution 
by stretching Christians' minds and hearts to a 
new understanding of how big a church can grow 
and still be effective. If there is an area of in- 
effectiveness in this church, it is that, to date, it 
has been unable to reproduce itself. 

There is another model of effectiveness and 
church growth in the same city. The Young Nak 
Presbyterian Church has a total membership of 

nearly 30,000. It has a daily prayer meeting at 5 
a.m. and many small cell groups that meet for 
prayer during the day. Evangelistic outreach in- 
cludes open air services, military, industrial, and 
student outreach programs, literature, radio, and 
more. Since 1947, this church has planted 162 
daughter churches that are now self-supporting. 
It has an additional 15 new daughter churches 
that are being partially supported. . .117 daughter 
churches in less than 25 years. 

Are these large churches effective? Yes, very 
effective. But that effectiveness comes because of 
their evangelistic goals and outreach, plus the 
small group structures which actively incorporate 
individual members into a place of belonging. A 
church of 100 to 150 members without such goals 
and small group structures could be less effective 
than these churches of 30,000 or more. 

Yet large churches also have the potential for 
being ineffective. In studying large, established 
churches in America, we have found that their 
conversion rate is over 100 members for each new 
convert. In smaller, newer churches, the ratio is 
only 8 members for each conversion. In larger 
churches, the giving per member is significantly 
less than in small growing churches. We do know, 
however, that large churches are able to signifi- 
cantly improve their effectiveness by understand- 
ing and applying church growth principles. 

Membership Growth 

Flora: 4 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Sarasota: 6 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Cameron: 10 by baptism 

North Manchester: 2 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Corinth: 4 by baptism 

Burlington: 17 by baptism, 5 by transfer 

In addition to the above reports of membership 
growth, the following extended report was re- 
ceived from the Meadow Crest Brethren Church 
in Fort Wayne, Indiana. 

As of March 1979, the membership of this mis- 
sion church of the Indiana District stood at 25. 
During 1979, however, 8 members were lost by 
transfer of letter, leaving only 17 members. Added 
to the church in 1979 were 2 by baptism and 5 by 
letter, bringing the membership to 24 by the end 
of the year. 

In the first 8 months of 1980, 5 more members 
were added by baptism and 4 by letter. As of 
September 1, 1980, membership of the Meadow 
Crest Church stood at 33. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

W "% The Brefbren 1 * J 


In its 102nd year of ministry 
to Christ and the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 
(USPS 064-200) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Consulting Editor; 

Ronald W. Waters 

Contributing Editor: 
Alvin Shifflett 

Editorial and 
Business Office: 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 
Phone: (419) 289-2611 

Published monthly for the Brethren Church 
by the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 
One year subscription rates: $6.65 for 
100% church lists; $7.15 for church lists 
of 5 or more names; $7.65 for individual 
Single-copy price: 75^ 
Change of address: Please notify us at 
least three weeks in advance, using the 
form provided in each issue. 
Authors' views are not necessarily those 
of the Brethren Church or the Brethren 
Publishing Company. 

Queries and manuscripts should be ad- 
dressed to the editor. A writer's packet 
with query tips is available upon written 

Unsolicited manuscripts are also welcome. 
However, the publisher assumes no 
responsibility for return of unsolicited 
material not accompanied by a stamped, 
self-addressed envelope. 
Second class postage paid at Ashland, 

Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to 
the Brethren Publishing Company, 524 
College Ave., Ashland, Ohio 44805. 

Member, Evangelical Press Association 


In this Thanksgiving season, 
we ought all the more to heed 
the words of the Apostle Paul 
and "Always give thanks for 
everything to our God and 
Father in the name of our Lord 
Jesus Christ" (Eph. 5:20, TLB). 

Vol. 102, No. 11 

November 1980 

4 Getting to Know BRETHREN CARE 

Evelyn Gilmer and Ida Lindower introduce us to some of the 
workers and residents at Brethren Care in Ashland. 

* mm^ * 

Focusing on the Word 
8 How to Hove a Christian Marriage 

In this study of Ephesians 5:21-33, Arden Gilmer examines 
biblical guidelines for a marriage of joy, peace, and mutual 

* ^»^ * 

10 Church Growth at Cerro Gordo 

Pastor Stephen Cole presents ten reasons why in 1979 the 
Cerro Gordo Brethren congregation was a ''Model of Church 

* m^^ I 

Brethren Home Missions . . . Sharing God's Love 

12 Sharing God's Love . . . 

Through Brethren Home Missions 

An overview of Brethren outreach in Home Missions, hy 
Rev. M. Virgil Ingraham. 

Getting Started in Kansas City 

A progress report of the new Home Mission work in Kansas 
City by the Kansas City tentmakers, the Abe family. 

Rivers of Blessing in the Desert 

Northwest Chapel Pastor Bill Curtis tells how God has blessed 
this mission church, located in the Arizona desert. 

Understanding Hispanics 

In order to minister effectively to Hispanic-Americans, we nmst 
first understand them, says Maria Miranda. 

Answering Calls at Brethren House 

The ministry of Brethren House has developed in response to 
the calls it has received, as Jean Lersch relates. 

Special Ministries 

Brief reports of Home Mission work at Riverside Christian 
Training School and the Krypton Bible Center. 






2 People Are Asking 
7 The Salt Shaker 

20 Update 

November 1980 

BRETHREN CARE is OUR residence. Are you familiar with it? 

Getting to Know 

by Evelyn Gilmer and Ida Lindower 

BRETHREN CARE has a fine reputation 
in the City of Ashland, in Ashland 
County, and even in surrounding areas. Some 
comments about this facility have been quite 
heartening. One person said, "I have never 
heard anything but good about Brethren 
Care." One resident, signing out to leave for a 
few hours, was laughingly admonished, "Don't 
get lost!" Whereupon she replied, "No, I won't; 
this is too nice a place to get lost from." 

Those of us who are acquainted with 
Brethren Care are quite proud of it and hope 
to see it become even better. If you would like 
to know this friendly residence, examine the* 
accompanying pictures and their identities. 

Lenny Sea- 
man, busy ad- 
ministrator, has 
countless respon- * 

sibilities keeping ^ «;,' 

everything in or- ^.^-^ , 

der, but is never % '*; j 

too busy to help. i 

He admits new ' 

residents, listens | J 

to their concerns, ^> '^^m^^ 

and makes life 

meaningful to y.../x 

those who need a ^^ 

lift. Employees think he is the greatest. 

^ * ' '""xt.^^^ L. E. Lindower 

\ serves as chap- 

lain at Brethren 
Care. He holds 
two Bible classes 
each week and ar- 
ranges for worship 
services on Sun- 
I day. He also likes 
\ to deliver mail to 
i residents, for this 
> gives him an 
opportunity for 
i counseling. 


Evelyn Gilmer, wife of the pastor of the 
Garber Brethren Church in Ashland, besides 
serving in the church as a busy wife, works in 
the Dietary Department at Brethren Care. 
She sets up carts for the nursing wing, sets ta- 
bles in the dining room, and serves foods suit- 
ed to each resident. She also spends time as a 

Helen Thomason (not pictured), active 
member of the Park Street Brethren Church 
where she also is a Sisterhood patroness, 
serves in pay roll and personnel, dispensing 
"good cheer" to employees every two weeks. 
She serves also as a volunteer. 

Janet Stone, as |; 
beautician, is in ^ 
constant demand. ^ 
She is the person 
who keeps the la- ^ 

dies beautiful and * » ^ j 

even cuts hair for 
the men. To the 

residents she is as % 

essential to their ^^^ . 
well-being as is ., 
their food. They ^ 

couldn't get along 
without her. ^^' .. ,^^,^fc. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Fern Smith (at right) is known for her ex- 
pertise in the culinary department at Camp 
Bethany, at the Park Street Church, and 
wherever food is needed. Where else would 
you find her but in the Dietary Department, 
where she helps to whip up delectables? 

One of the high points in the schedule at 
Brethren Care is the Wednesday night Bible 
study (below), with Dr. Lindower in charge. 
Joan Ronk plays the piano for the enjoyable 
singing interval, and twenty to twenty-five 
residents take part. Another Bible class is 
held on Friday morning, and a Sunday after- 
noon worship service is lead each week by one 
of the local churches. 

In addition to the employees of Brethren Care introduced above, here are some residents 
you should meet, with briefs about their identities: 

Mabel Pareh- 

man — originally 
from Tennessee, 
but more recently 
and for many 
years a teacher at 
Riverside School 
in Lost Creek, 
Kentucky. Here 
she is seen writing 
a letter. Writing 
letters to friends 
and former stu- 
dents is one of her 
favorite pastimes. 


She always attends Bible 
study, with pene- 
trating questions 
and comments. 

Esther Black 

— graduate of 

Ashland College 
and former profes- 
sor of speech at 
Geneva College in 
Pennsylvania. She 
later served in a 
similar capacity at 
Ashland College. 

Ellen Baer — 

widow of the 
former Arthur 
Baer, one-time 
bookkeeper at 

Ashland College 
and the Brethren 
Publishing Com- 
pany. She also 
worked in and 
helped to promote 
the Brethren Book 
Store, now the 
Carpenter's Shop. 




Marcia Sweet — member of the Garber 
Church. Marcia was skilled in needlework, 
making beautiful creations before arthritis 
put a stop to such activity. We see her pastor, 
Herbert Gilmer, has come for a visit. 

November 1980 

Hattie Priser — from New Lebanon, where 
she lived for many years. Her pastor, Arden 
Gilmer, and L. E. Lindower look on as she too 
does lovely needlework. 

Zelmah and Node Doggett — for many 
years lived on a farm outside of Ashland. Node 
at one time studied in the seminary at Ash- 
land College. 

Ruth Rosenberry (not pictured) — formerly 
taught in the public schools and later in the 
Business Department at Ashland College. 

In the apartments at Brethren Care, we 
find some very familiar faces: 



Joe and Elda Tracy — after early years in 
Indiana, they worked for some time at Kryp- 
ton, Kentucky, with Margaret Lowery. They 

then lived for several years in Clearwater, 

Dr. Milton Puterbaugh (not pictured) — 
originally from Lanark, Illinois, but more re- 
cently known, as a fine professor of chemistry 
at Ashland College, where he headed the de- 
partment, and for some time was practically 
the whole department. He still does some vol- 
unteer work there. He is also a deacon at the 
Park Street Church. 

Mae Evans — formerly from West Alexan- 
dria, Ohio, and presently an active member of 
the Garber Brethren Church. She is an abso- 
lute whiz with crafts, her products in great de- 
mand for gifts. She serves as a volunteer also. 

The following people are not residents, just 
volunteers for miscellaneous activities: 

Doc and Ida 
Lindower — for 

many years both 
were associated '* 
with Ashland Col- 
lege; Doc, first 
teaching in the 
seminary, then 
later in the Edu- | 
cation Depart- I 
ment; finally, 

serving as dean of / 
the college. Besides his services as chaplain, 
he volunteers for carpentering, making 
shelves, cases, bulletin boards, etc., for the res- 
idence. Ida, at the telephone, also helps with 
typing, hems dresses for some ladies, rounds 
up wheel chairs for Bible study, and performs 
wherever possible. 

A number of other volunteers spend time 
frequently mending and sewing for residents. 
They include: Grace Weidenhamer 

Ruth DeLozier Aida Mae Munson 
Marie Becknell Marjorie Kimmel 
Bertha Coughey Ruth Mundorf 

If you have never visited Brethren Care, 

please do so; even if you have been there, come 
back again. It is a splendid place! If you have 
loved ones who are in need of the fine minis- 
tries that Brethren Care provides, consider 
seriously availing yourself of the wonderful fa- 
cilities. Truly, BRETHREN CARE! 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the salt shaker 

by Alvin Shifflett 

Christian Gullibility 

P. T. BARNUM discovered that one could 
make money on the curiosity and guUi- 
bility of the American pubUc. As a result, 
he ran a host of 'That's Incredible" side 

But what is appalling to me is the gulli- 
bility of the Christian public. Christians in 
this country, by and large, do not practice 
good stewardship. They easily fall prey to 
''get rich quick schemes" and to most any- 
thing promoted in the "Name of the Lord." 
Perhaps God has blessed us too much. We've 
had so much manna that it's begun to spoil. 
Our greed for more than our daily needs 
has ruined our stewardship. 

Few Christians know what it means to 
give out of their needs. Most give from their 
abundance, not out of obedience, and cer- 
tainly not sacrificially. Nor does the church 
call to task Christian leaders, especially 
parachurch organizational leaders, who 
drain off millions of fat evangelical dollars 
in order to build bigger organizations. Is it 
any wonder the government is slowly en- 
croaching upon our religious freedoms? 

''Perhaps it's the charitable 
and loving steivardship of 
evangelicals that is causing 
cults to thrive in this country.'' 

A case in point is a recent vision of a 
television preacher. He claims he saw a 
900-foot tall Christ who told him that all 
is well and that he should push on to en- 
large his ministries — which, incidentally, 
take a million dollars per week to operate. 

Did any of the Old Testament prophets 
ever have the privilege of witnessing a God 
900 feet tall? All Moses saw was a burning 
bush out on the back side of the mountain! 
Even Hollywood couldn't come up with any- 
thing bigger than George Burns in "Oh, 

I guess I'm complaining because all I ever 
got was a visiting evangelist who said, "God 
needs workers." And the evangelist wasn't 
even six feet tall! Some day I plan to talk 
to God about that. 

Another television personality, whom I 
like to hear preach, recently dedicated an 
eighteen million dollar glass cathedral. I 
heard him try to defend the costly project 
on a recent talk show. I wish I hadn't! 

Please understand me. I'm not laying the 
blame for our poor stewardship on the 
backs of these television preachers. The 
blame falls squarely on us evangelicals. If 
a man stands up on television and says, "I 
need more dollars to get on more stations 
and do more things," it's not his fault if 
we send in the dough. In fact, we're tempt- 
ing him by sending it in. When one indi- 
vidual can collect more than several small 
denominations together, then I say, "Some- 
thing is out of whack!" 

As a steward, I want to know where my 
money is going. I'm supposed to know; have 
a right to know. 

And what about our casual giving of 
$1.00 to a flower child selling candy on the 
street? "It's only a dollar," you say. But 
the dollars add up to millions. I abhor the 
thought. Someone tell me it isn't so! Per- 
haps it's the charitable and loving steward- 
ship of evangelicals that is causing cults to 
thrive in this country. We despise the cults, 
and beg protection for our children, but 
buy candy which supports cultic leaders. 
What a paradox in stewardship! 

A very interesting contrast to all of this 
occurred when Mother Teresa was awarded 
the $90,000 Nobel prize for working with 
the children in the slums of Calcutta. When 
asked what she planned to do with the large 
sum of money, she replied, "I'll give it to the 

I just had another loathesome thought: 
"What if someone should convince Mother 
Teresa to go on television?" 

November 1980 

Focusing on the Word 

How to Have a Christian Marriage 

In this study of Epheslans 5:21-33, Arden Gilmer examines 
biblical guidelines for a marriage of joy, peace, and mutual 

MARRIAGE from a Christian perspective 
is a unique relationship. Our wedding 
ceremony says, 'Those who take the vows 
of marriage are brought into the closest 
and most sacred of all human relation- 
ships." Though many of the principles and 
practices which improve all interpersonal 
relationships are appropriate for marriage, 
it still remains a special relationship with 
special purposes, priorities, and patterns. 

Because this is so, the Apostle Paul, as 
part of a larger section on Christian be- 
havior in Ephesians chapters 5 and 6, deals 
specifically with the marriage relationship. 
Paul's desire was to give instructions that 
would enable Christian couples to live to- 
gether in joy, peace, and mutual 

Unfortunately, most marriages in today's 
society are far removed from the lofty 
heights of Christian marriage described 
by Paul in Ephesians 5:21-33. The reason 
for this is that married couples cannot at- 
tain this ideal by using mere human re- 
sources. The kind of marriage described by 
Paul demands that a husband and wife rely 
on a supernatural power source in order to 
achieve it successfully. That power source 
is identified in Ephesians 5:18, where Paul 
commands, **. . .be filled with the Spirit." 
The Bible Hsts several evidences of a Spirit- 
filled life. Here Paul focuses on the Spirit- 
filled marriage as one of those evidences. 

But Paul does more than this. He also 
gives specific insights into the responsibili- 
ties of each marriage partner by supplying 
a mystical pattern for the relationship be- 
tween husband and wife, namely, the re- 

Rev. Gilmer is pastor of the Park Street Brethren 
Church, Ashland, Ohio. 

lationship between Christ and His church. 
Christian marriage should demonstrate 
physically the mystical relationship between 
Christ and His bride, the church. 

Two become one 

When studying a passage of Scripture, 
a look at its conclusion sometimes helps us 
to understand the entire passage. In this 
passage, knowing Paul's conclusion helps 
us to understand his thought processes in 
reaching that conclusion. Paul states his 
basic concept of marriage in 5:31, when he 
quotes an Old Testament statement: 'Tor 
this reason a man will leave his father and 
mother and be united to his wife, and the 
two will become one flesh" (NIV). Paul's 
reference is to Genesis 2:24, a statement 
made about marriage before sin entered 
the picture. 

What did God have in mind when He 
instituted marriage? Genesis 2:24 gives the 
answer — perfect unity and harmony, the 
complete absence of strife between husband 
and wife. But tragically, the possibility of 
achieving this kind of relationship in mar- 
riage was radically reduced when sin 
entered the human race. Not only was the 
image of God in man marred; not only was 
mankind separated from God ; not only was 
the earth saddled with a curse; but the re- 
lationship between husband and wife was 
filled with rivalry and suspicion. Marriage, 
— God's sublime gift to unflawed people in 
perfect relationship — suddenly became a 
microcosm of the havoc caused by sin in 
every aspect of God's creation. 

As a result of sin, two egocentric per- 
sons, each constantly striving for su- 
premacy over the other by fair means or 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"ChrisVs redemptive work puts the harmony back in 
marriage and supplies the supernatural resources to 
enable husband and wife to live together as one . . . in 
the midst of a society motivated by selfishness.'' 

foul, were brought together. Chaos reigned 
in their relationship. The only means of 
restoring a semblance of order was to give 
authority to one. And God gave it to man 
(Genesis 3:16). If God had not done this, 
husband and wife might have destroyed 
each other. Such are the awful results of 
the selfishness of sin. The status of women 
in non-Christian cultures demonstrates the 
subservience of women, a testimony to the 
effects of the fall of mankind. 

Did this mean that marriage would for- 
ever suffer under these conditions? Was 
there no hope that marriage could be re- 
stored to its pre-f all condition ? The answer 
to both of these questions is *'No!" There 
is hope, and Paul explains that hope in 
Ephesians chapter 5. 

Submission and love 

Redemption in Christ includes the God- 
given means to restore marriage to God's 
original intention. Christian marriage has 
the vision of Garden of Eden as its pattern. 
Two basic commands contain the keys: 
(1) ''Wives, submit to your husbands as to 
the Lord" (5:22, NIV). (2) ''Husbands, 
love your wives, just as Christ loved the 
church. . ." (5:25, NIV). These two com- 
mands counteract the component which sin 
brought to the marriage relationship — 
selfishness. Submission reverses the wife's 
selfishness. Love reverses the husband's 
selfishness. Only then is there hope for 

Submission means that the wife no longer 
senses a need to dominate her husband. 
Love means that the husband no longer 
feels compelled to dominate his wife. One- 
upmanship is out. Rivalry has no purpose. 
Each partner has no need to protect his or 
her turf, for two have become one again in 
Christ. Christ's redemptive work puts the 
harmony back in marriage and supplies the 
supernatural resources to enable husband 
and wife to live together as one on a daily 
basis in the midst of a society motivated by 

The redemptive work of Christ restores 
the image of God in persons. This has a 
direct bearing on marriage. Because of re- 
demption we can again look to the pre-fall 
statements as God's ideal. In Genesis 

1:26-27 God said, "Let Us make man in Our 
image . . . and let them rule . . . .And God 
created man in His own image . . . male and 
female He created them" (NASB, emphasis 
added). Mankind is a "them" — male and 
female. Both are necessary for a complete 
representation of the image of God. Male 
by himself is incomplete. Female by herself 
is incomplete. Each needs the other in a 
marriage relationship to be complete. 

Completion, not competition 

Christian marriage, then, works on the 
basis of completion, rather than competi- 
tion. Differences between male and female 
exist because the strengths of one (and 
both have strengths) are needed to com- 
plete the weaknesses of the other (and both 
have weaknesses). Fallen mankind makes 
these differences the source of competition. 
Redemption makes these differences a mat- 
ter of completion. Competition is based on 
the concept of inequality. Completion is 
based on the concept of equality. 

Sadly, many have chosen to misinterpret 
Paul on this very point. Many women, when 
they hear the word "submission," really 
hear the word "inferior." But Paul never 
makes women unequal to men. In fact, by 
saying to husbands, "Love your wives," he 
was saying something these first century 
Ephesian men had never heard from any 
pagan philosopher. Pagan cultures always 
perceived women as unequal. But when Paul 
said, "Love your wives as your own body," 
he raised the status of women higher than 
it had ever been. Submission does not imply 
inferiority. Jesus submitted to His Heavenly 
Father, but He still was equal with God. 
Jesus submitted by washing the disciples' 
feet, but still remained their Lord and 

We must remember that Paul is speaking 
here about the marriage relationship. The 
same statements could not be made about 
men and women in society. Paul does not 
say that all females are to submit to all 
males. Nor does he say that all males are to 
love all females. Paul teaches that the wife 
submits to her husband, and this submission 
is voluntary. The woman at the point of 
marriage chooses (an act of her will) to 

{coniniied on page 1 1 ) 

November 1980 









Exterior of the Cerro Gordo Brethren Church building. 

by Rev. Stephen Cole 

At General Conference in August, four Brethren 
churches were chosen as Models of Church Growth 
in the Brethren denomination. Representatives of 
these four congregations gave challenging reports 
to the Conference of the exciting growth taking 
place in their churches. 

One of these congregations was the Brethren 
Church of Cerro Gordo, Illinois. In the following 
article. Rev. Stephen Cole, pastor of the Cerro 
Gordo Brethren Church, tells how his congregation 
became a Model of Church Growth. 

nPHE Lord has been working in a special 
1 way in the Cerro Gordo Brethren 
Church. We are located in a town of 1,500, 
15 miles east of Decatur, Illinois, on the 
mainline of the N & W Railroad. Although 
we are in a rich farming area, Cerro Gordo 
is basically a * 'bedroom" community for 
people who work in Decatur. 

We have baptized 40 new members since 
November 1979.* And our attendance has 
increased from the 90's to the 120's — a 35 
percent increase. 

What are the reasons for this growth? 
We see ten reasons that stand out: 

(1) People who pray with a desire to 
do God's will. I personally can testify to 
feeling the power of God at work because 
of these prayers. 

(2) Our people are friendly. Visitors to 
our church are treated royally and there- 
fore feel that our people are really inter- 
ested in them. 

(3) We are open to change. The older 
people are willing to say, "We were wrong 
and are glad we were," when they have 
opposed some changes. Our willingness to 

"^This article was written in August. Additional 
growth has taken place since that time. 

change has led to our setting short, medium, 
and long range goals. 

(4) We have a willingness to work. 
People volunteer and respond to challenges 
to help. 

(5) We have a relaxed atmosphere, 
which includes our codes in worship. If all 
you have is blue jeans, come! 

(6) Our number one drawing card is 
our learning center for grades one through 
five. In the eight years we have had this 
learning center, we have spun off four 
youth groups. These now have an average 
attendance of 70. 

(7) We have a strong group of laymen 
who preach in the pastor's absence. Over the 
years this has led to four men entering the 
full-time ministry, one missionary, and two 
pastors' wives. 

(8) We have harmony. A church not in 
unity cannot grow. 

(9) We have super youth groups led by 
dedicated advisors. In addition, our senior 
BYC has a puppet team and also puts on 

The learning center for grades one through five 
has been the primary means of bringing growth 
to the Cerro Gordo Brethren Church. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


(10) We have much talent and creative 
abihty in our congregation. We expect these 
talents to be used of God, and at the same 
time allow the novice to make mistakes. 
In addition, our teaching is creative through 
the use of the adult elective system in 
Sunday school. 

In summary, I would say that we inter- 
weave much prayer with a willingness to 
take risks. As a result, God is at work in 
our midst. 

Friendly worship services (above right), youth groups such as the Senior BYC {below left), and adult 
elective Sunday school classes have all played a part in the growth of the Cerro Gordo Brethren Church. 




How fo Have a Christian Marriage 

{continued from page 9) 

submit to her husband. Having once made 
this choice, it must be permanent, for it is 
the supreme expression of her commitment 
to one man, her husband. If she does not 
wish to submit to a man, then she should 
not enter into a marriage relationship. 

''Submit and love." They must function 
together. One is incomplete without the 
other. The dynamic interchange between 
submission and love is the source of the 
mutual fulfillment of each marriage 
partner. Submission contains many aspects 
of love, and certainly one of love's char- 
acteristics is submission. 

The woman is not commanded to submit 
to an autocratic egomaniac, who rules by 
intimidation with whip in hand. No! The 
woman submits to one who loves her, whose 
ultimate concern is her welfare. In love, her 
husband will sacrifice his own desires to say 
and do what will nourish and exalt her. 

The Christian husband, on the other 
hand, must model his love according to the 
pattern of Christ's love for the church 
(5:25). Because Christ loved the church, 
He redeemed the church at great price to 
Himself. Redemption pays the price to 
transform weakness into strength, to turn 
negatives into positives, to set free a person 
to be everything God originally intended. 
The agape love commanded of the husband 
gives the wife a claim on her husband's 
individual attention. A man unwilling to 

treasure his wife, to pay this price and run 
this risk, should never marry. The husband 
must never think individually. He must al- 
ways consider how every decision and ac- 
tion will affect the welfare of his wife. 

How can marriage rise above the 
shambles of the fall? Only "in the Lord." 
How specifically? Each husband "must love 
his wife as he loves himself, and the wife 
must respect her husband" (Eph. 5:33, 
NIV). In reality Paul says the harmony 
will come only as both husband and wife, 
empowered by the Holy Spirit, each con- 
sider the other more important than self. 

"The dynamic interchange 
between submission and love 
is the source of the mutual 
fidfillment of each marriage 

Marriage is unity. Marriage forges two 
lives into one vital, organic union. Each 
partner is one-half of that unity. The com- 
mands given by the Holy Spirit through 
Paul, when obeyed, enhance that unity and 
protect the dignity of each partner. 
Obedience to these commands opens to 
Christians the possibility of experiencing 
marriage as God created it originally, be- 
fore it was disrupted by sin. Christian mar- 
riage thus becomes the closest and most 
sacred of human relationships. 

November 1980 


Brethren Home Missions 

Sharing God's Love ... 
Through Brethren Home Missions 

by M. Virgil Ingraham 

GOD WANTS EVERYONE to be saved, 
to share His eternal life. His love 
embraces all humanity, "For God so loved 
the world that he gave his one and only 
Son. . ." (John 3:16, NIV). And of Himself 
Jesus said, "For the Son of Man came to 
seek and to save what was lost" (Luke 
19:10, NIV). If we believe our eternal life 
is in His Son, surely sharing God's love 
holds high priority for us as individuals 
and as churches. 

Home Missions is a vital work of the 
Brethren Church. It is an extension of local 
churches into new communities, reaching 
out to share the Good News by planting new 
churches. The mobile society in which we 
live requires us to go where people are, if 
we would be effective in sharing God's love 
with needy people. In some instances this 
has taken us into new communities which 
have been springing up on the outskirts of 
larger metropolitan areas. In others it has 
taken us to a concentration of homes or to 
groups of people living in neighborhoods 
having high potential for forming new 
congregations. Each situation is an oppor- 
tunity for establishing new Brethren 
churches through Home Missions. 

Our goal of ten new churches in five 
years is being realized by various means. 
The Bradenton Brethren Church and 
Tucson's Northwest Chapel are extensions 
of ''mother churches" at Sarasota, Florida, 
and Tucson, Arizona, respectively. The 
congregations at Medina, Ohio, and Sarver, 
Pennsylvania, as well as the Meadow Crest 
Brethren Church at Fort Wayne, Indiana, 
were brought into being because of district 
involvement. The new fellowship at Kansas 
City is the result of the Abe family's tent- 
making work along with joint district and 
national mission board activities. Then there 

Rev. Ingraham is General Secretary of the 
Missionary Board of the Brethren Church. 


is Operation Impact in Florida, where the 
national Missionary Board, with splendid 
participation by the Brethren across our 
nation, launched the Tampa Town and 
Country Church and the Brandon Breth- 
ren Church in Florida. Different methods 
were used, but with a common goal in sight 
— sharing God's love with needy people in 
new communities. 

The Northwest Brethren Chapel at 
Tucson will join the Honor Roll of self- 
supporting churches at the end of this year, 
entering the ranks of former Home Mission 
churches like Derby, Kansas; Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania; Stockton, California; and 
others that have achieved this goal. We 
congratulate them for releasing resources 
which might be used to penetrate still other 
new areas with a winsome Christian 

The Brethren have recently moved into 
the greater Indianapolis area of Carmel, 
Indiana, in order to bring together a new 
body of believers. The initiative of the 
Indiana District in locating Rev. Mark 
Baker in that promising city for this ex- 
press purpose is commendable. Now, the 
Ohio District Mission Board has called Dr. 
Dale Stoffer to head a new Brethren work 
in suburban Columbus, Ohio. The national 
Missionary Board will share heavy involve- 
ment in these new ventures of faith, follow- 
ing the national guidelines for estabhshing 
new Brethren churches. 

Pasadena, California, is the location of a 
special Home Missions ministry under the 
leadership of Rev. and Mrs. Juan Carlos 
Miranda. A Hispanic Brethren Church 
gathers weekly in a well-located rented 
chapel for worship and Bible study. This 
is the forerunner of a thriving congre